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Ebinger Martin M Charité-Universitätsmedizin Berlin, Center for Stroke Research Berlin, Berlin, - - 2014
Mobile computed tomography (CT) scanning in specialized ambulances has recently become feasible. Two randomized trials have used mobile CTs for prehospital thrombolysis. This short review summarizes the available literature on this topic and provides an outlook on potential future developments. Mobile CT in acute suspected stoke is feasible and helps ...
Boonstra P A PA Department of Surgery, Kennemer Gasthuis, Boerhaavelaan 22, 2035 RC, Haarlem, The Netherlands, - - 2014
The optimal diagnostics and treatment of acute appendicitis continues to be a challenge. We evaluated the implementation of the guideline "diagnostics and treatment in acute appendicitis" in 2010. This guideline states that, in every patient with clinically suspected acute appendicitis, an ultrasonography or CT scan is advised to confirm the ...
Adams R J RJ Davies Veterinary Specialists, Manor Farm Business Park, Higham Gobion, SG5 - - 2014
A one-year-old, female entire, domestic, shorthair cat presented with acute onset non-ambulatory tetraparesis. Magnetic resonance imaging was consistent with a C3-C4 acute non-compressive nucleus pulposus extrusion and the cat was treated conservatively. The cat was able to walk after 10 days and was normal 2 months after presentation. The cat ...
Luo Song S Department of Neurology, the First Hospital of Bengbu Medical College, Bengbu 233004, China. Electronic address: - - 2014
To investigate detection of ischemic penumbra in stroke patients with acute cerebral infarction by susceptibility-weighted imaging (SWI) in comparison with perfusion-weighted imaging (PWI). This study included 18 stroke patients with acute infarction who underwent diffusion-weighted imaging (DWI), SWI, PWI, and magnetic resonance angiography (MRA) within 3 days after symptom onset. ...
Farina Roberto R Department of Radiology, A. Cardarelli Hospital, 80131, Naples, - - 2014
US has a relevant role in the initial assessment of non-traumatic emergencies of the abdomen, sometimes being conclusive and some other times for selecting the patients for further imaging with CT. Injection of a contrast medium may give to the radiologist additional information to that obtained at baseline US and ...
Lemos Alessandro A AA 1 Department of Radiology, Foundation IRCCS Cà Granda Maggiore Policlinico Hospital. Via Francesco Sforza, 35-Milan, - - 2014
OBJECTIVE. The purposes of this study were to retrospectively assess the frequency of acute aortic intramural hematoma and evaluate whether the elimination of the unenhanced imaging acquisition series from the dual-phase MDCT angiography (CTA) protocol for chest pain might affect diagnostic accuracy in detecting intramural hematoma and justify the reduced ...
Jiang Wei W Wei Jiang, Jing Zhou, Lu Ke, Gang Li, Zhi-Hui Tong, Wei-Qin Li, Jie-Shou Li, Research Institute of General Surgery, Jinling Hospital, Medical School of Nanjing University, Nanjing 210000, Jiangsu Province, - - 2014
To assess the diagnostic accuracy of computed tomographic venography (CTV) for splanchnic vein thrombosis (SVT) detection in necrotizing acute pancreatitis (AP) patients. Forty-three patients with necrotizing AP who underwent both CTV and digital subtraction angiography (DSA) within 3 d were analyzed in this retrospective comparative study. All CTV procedures were ...
Doesch Christina C Christina Doesch, Theano Papavassiliu, 1 Department of Medicine Cardiology, University Medical Center Mannheim, Medical Faculty Mannheim, University of Heidelberg, 68167 Mannheim, - - 2014
Coronary artery disease (CAD) represents an important cause of mortality. Cardiovascular magnetic resonance (CMR) imaging evolved as an imaging modality that allows the assessment of myocardial function, perfusion, contractile reserve and extent of fibrosis in a single comprehensive exam. This review highlights the role of CMR in the differential diagnosis ...
Lövblad Karl-Olof KO Service neuro-diagnostique et neuro-interventionnel, DISIM, 4, rue Gabrielle-Perret-Gentil, 1211 Genève, Switzerland; Service de neurologie, Genève, Switzerland. Electronic address: - - 2014
Acute ischemic stroke is now clearly recognized as a medical emergency. As such diagnosis has to be done quickly and in a precise way during the therapeutic window. Both computed tomography and magnetic resonance imaging are tools that can adequately demonstrate ischemia really very early on. MRI using diffusion techniques ...
Maloney J A JA From the Departments of Radiology (J.A.M., D.M.M., N.V.S.) and Pediatrics, Section of Pediatric Infectious Disease (K.M., S.R.D.), Section of Hospital Medicine (K.M.), and Section of Child Neurology (T.S.), Children's Hospital Colorado, University of Colorado School of Medicine, Aurora, Colorado. - - 2014
Enterovirus D68 was responsible for widespread outbreaks of respiratory illness throughout the United States in August and September 2014. During this time, several patients presented to our institution with acute flaccid paralysis and cranial nerve dysfunction. The purpose of this report is to describe the unique imaging findings of this ...
Park Min-Gyu MG Department of Neurology, Research Institute for Convergence of Biomedical Science and Technology, Pusan National University Yangsan Hospital, Pusan National University School of Medicine, Yangsan, Republic of - - 2014
Background: Multiple hypointense vessels (MHV) on susceptibility-weighted imaging (SWI) are frequently observed in patients with acute cerebral ischemia, but their implication has not been clearly established. To elucidate the clinical significance of MHV on SWI, we investigated the association of MHV on SWI with clinical data and other MR markers ...
Aquino José Henrique W JH Adolescent Health Care Unit, State University of Rio de Janeiro, Rio de Janeiro, - - 2014
Chorea may be secondary to hyperosmolar nonketotic hyperglycemia, but such situation has rarely been described in adolescents, particularly as the initial and single manifestation of type 1 diabetes. We describe a case of a previously healthy 14-year-old girl with sudden onset of choreic movements on her left upper and lower ...
Vora Nirali N Department of Neurology and Neurological Sciences, Stanford School of Medicine, Stanford, CA, - - 2014
Positive diffusion weighted imaging (DWI) on MRI is associated with increased recurrent stroke risk in TIA patients. Acute MRI aids in TIA risk stratification and diagnosis. To evaluate the feasibility and safety of TIA triage directly from the emergency department (ED) with acute MRI and neurological consultation. Consecutive ED TIA ...
Rosines Lucila A LA 1 Department of Radiology, Columbia University Medical Center, New York, - - 2014
OBJECTIVE. The aim of this study was to determine both the value of gadolinium-enhanced MRI in children with suspected acute appendicitis and the best sequences for detecting acute appendicitis, to thereby decrease imaging time. MATERIALS AND METHODS. This was a retrospective review of pediatric patients with suspected appendicitis who had ...
Costa Andreu F AF Joint Department of Medical Imaging, University Health Network, Mount Sinai Hospital, Women's College Hospital, 76 Grenville St, Rm 2238, 2nd Floor, Toronto, ON, M5B 1S2, - - 2014
Mesenteric ischaemia comprises a broad, heterogeneous group of diseases characterised by inadequate blood supply to the small or large bowel. Acute mesenteric ischaemia is a surgical emergency, with significant associated morbidity and mortality. Because the clinical presentation of mesenteric ischaemia is variable and often nonspecific, a high index of clinical ...
Farolfi Alberto - - 2014
Cancer patients undergo routine computed-tomography (CT) scans and, therefore, iodinated contrast media (ICM) administration. It is not known whether a time-dependent correlation exists between chemotherapy administration, contrast enhanced CT and onset of acute ICM-related adverse reactions (ARs). All consecutive contrast-enhanced CTs performed from 1 January 2010 to 31 December 2012 ...
Schoenfeld Andrew J AJ Department of Orthopaedic Surgery, University of Michigan, Ann Arbor Veterans Administration Hospital, 2800 Plymouth Rd, Building 10, RM G016, Ann Arbor, MI, USA. Electronic address: - - 2014
Pourtaheri S, Emami A, Sinha K, Faloon M, Hwang K, Shafa E, et al. The role of magnetic resonance imaging in acute cervical spine fractures. Spine J 2014;14:2546-53 (in this issue).
Saat R R From the Department of Radiology, HUS Medical Imaging Center (R.S., G.M., A.T.M.), and Department of Otorhinolaryngology and Head and Neck Surgery (A.H.L.-H., L.J.L., A.A.A., J.P.J.), Helsinki University Central Hospital and University of Helsinki, Helsinki, Finland; and Department of Radiology (R.S.), East Tallinn Central Hospital, Tallinn, Estonia. - - 2014
MR imaging is often used for detecting intracranial complications of acute mastoiditis, whereas the intratemporal appearance of mastoiditis has been overlooked. The aim of this study was to assess the imaging features caused by acute mastoiditis in MR imaging and their clinical relevance. Medical records and MR imaging findings of ...
Hocaoglu Elif E Department of Radiology, Bakirkoy Dr. Sadi Konuk Research and Training Hospital, Istanbul, Turkey. Electronic address: - - 2014
The goal of our study was to determine the diagnostic value of diffusion-weighted magnetic resonance imaging in the identification of acute mild pancreatitis with low Ranson scores. The study group included 22 healthy subjects and 40 patients with mild acute pancreatitis. Patients with Ranson scores of 1-3 were included in ...
Sharma Kunal M KM Department of Emergency Medicine, University of Texas Health Science Center, Houston, - - 2014
While headache is a common emergency department chief complaint, cerebral venous sinus thrombosis (CVST) is an infrequently encountered cause of headache and is often not included in emergency physicians' differential diagnoses for headache. Our objective is to review the latest data on epidemiology, presenting symptoms, diagnosis, and treatment of CVST. ...
Suzuki Keisuke K Department of Neurology, Dokkyo Medical University, Tochigi, Japan. Electronic address: - - 2014
Acute hemicerebellitis, marked by headache with or without cerebellar signs, is a rare clinical entity involving a unilateral cerebellar hemisphere. The pathogenesis of acute hemicerebellitis remains unclear, and the disease rarely occurs in adults. Here, we report an 18-year-old woman who presented with a lack of coordination of the right ...
El-Koussy Marwan M Institute of Diagnostic and Interventional Neuroradiology, University Hospital Bern, Bern, - - 2014
Background: Over 80% of strokes result from ischemic damage to the brain due to an acute reduction in the blood supply. Around 25-35% of strokes present with large vessel occlusion, and the patients in this category often present with severe neurological deficits. Without early treatment, the prognosis is poor. Stroke ...
Pastula Daniel M - - 2014
On September 12, 2014, CDC was notified by the Colorado Department of Public Health and Environment of a cluster of nine children evaluated at Children's Hospital Colorado with acute neurologic illness characterized by extremity weakness, cranial nerve dysfunction (e.g., diplopia, facial droop, dysphagia, or dysarthria), or both. Neurologic illness onsets ...
Mair Grant G Division of Neuroimaging Sciences, University of Edinburgh, Western General Hospital, Crewe Road, Edinburgh, EH4 2XU, - - 2014
CT angiography (CTA) is often used for assessing patients with acute ischaemic stroke. Only limited observer reliability data exist. We tested inter- and intra-observer reliability for the assessment of CTA in acute ischaemic stroke. We selected 15 cases from the Third International Stroke Trial (IST-3, ISRCTN25765518) with various degrees of ...
Ishida Yu Y Department of Pediatrics, Tokyo Medical University, Shinjuku-ku, Tokyo, - - 2014
Pandemic influenza A (H1N1) 2009 has been shown to be associated more with neurological complications than the seasonal influenza virus. In this study, we focused on the clinical usefulness of magnetic resonance imaging (MRI) in the acute phase of influenza A (H1N1) 2009-associated encephalopathy. A questionnaire was distributed to pediatric ...
Millet Ingrid I Department of Radiology, Hopital Lapeyronie, Montpellier, - - 2014
To assess the diagnostic performance of CT signs of gastric volvulus in both confirmed cases and control subjects. We retrospectively reviewed CT findings in 10 patients with surgically confirmed acute gastric volvulus and 20 control subjects with gastric distension. Two radiologists independently evaluated CT images for risk factors of gastric ...
Kijowski R R Department of Radiology, University of Wisconsin, Madison, WI, USA. Electronic address: - - 2014
Joint injury has been recognized as a potent risk factor for the onset of osteoarthritis. The vast majority of studies using imaging technology for longitudinal assessment of patients following joint injury have focused on the injured knee joint, specifically in patients with anterior cruciate ligament injury and meniscus tears where ...
Kandadai Rukmini Mridula RM Department of Neurology, Nizam's Institute of Medical Sciences, Hyderabad, - - 2014
Subacute sclerosing panencephalitis (SSPE) is a delayed and fatal manifestation of measles infection. Fulminant SSPE is a rare presentation in which the disease progresses to death over a period of 6 months. The clinical features are atypical and can be misleading. We report herein a teenage boy who presented with ...
Siela Debra D Debra Siela is Associate Professor of Nursing, Ball State University, 2000 W University Ave, Muncie, IN 47306 - - 2014
Bedside and advanced practice nurses in acute and critical care often view chest radiologic images of their patients. Correlation of findings on chest radiologic images with results of physical and other diagnostic assessments can provide information for making appropriate clinical judgments. Radiologic images of the chest available for acutely ill ...
Tezuka Fumitake F Department of Orthopedics, Institute of Health Biosciences, The University of Tokushima Graduate School, Tokushima, - - 2014
Acute calcific tendinitis of the longuscolli is a self-limiting inflammatory condition caused by calcium hydroxyapatite deposition in the longuscolli tendon. Although several case reports have described its radiological presentation, few reports provide detailed chronological accounts through symptomatic and radiologic resolution. A 59-year-old woman presented with severe neck pain and stiffness ...
Yencilek Esin E Department of Radiology, Haydarpaşa Numune Training and Research Hospital, İstanbul, Turkey. - - 2014
The aim of this study was to measure the apparent diffusion coefficient (ADC) values detected by diffusion-weighted imaging (DWI) in acute pancreatitis and compare them with computerized tomography (CT) findings in acute pancreatitis subgrouped by the Balthazar classification. The study population included 50 patients diagnosed with clinical pancreatitis who were ...
Surov Alexey A Department of Radiology, Martin Luther University Halle-Wittenberg, Halle, Germany, - - 2014
Leukemia is a group of malignant diseases involving peripheral blood and bone marrow. Extramedullary tumor manifestation in leukemia can also occur. They more often involve lymph nodes, skin, and bones. Intramuscular leukemic relapse (ILR) is very unusual. The aim of this analysis was to summarize the reported data regarding clinical ...
Deipolyi A R AR From the Department of Radiology (A.R.D., R.G.G., J.A.H., G.J.H.), Massachusetts General Hospital, Boston, Massachusetts; and Department of Radiology (L.M.H.), Brigham and Women's Hospital, Boston, - - 2014
Our aim was to investigate how often relevant diagnostic findings in an arch-to-vertex CTA scan, obtained specifically as part of the acute stroke CT protocol, are located in the head, neck, and upper chest regions. Radiology reports were reviewed in 302 consecutive patients (170 men, 132 women; median ages, 66 ...
King Joseph A JA Department of Child and Adolescent Psychiatry, Eating Disorder Services and Research Center, Technische Universität Dresden, Faculty of Medicine, University Hospital C. G. Carus, - - 2014
Anorexia nervosa (AN) is a serious eating disorder characterized by self-starvation, extreme weight loss, and alterations in brain structure. Structural magnetic resonance imaging studies have documented brain volume reductions in acute AN, but it is unclear whether they are 1) regionally specific, or 2) reversible following weight restoration. Here, we ...
Bekci Tumay T Ondokuz Mayis University, Faculty of Medicine, Department of Radiology, Samsun, Turkey. Electronic address: - - 2014
Acute encephalopathy with biphasic seizures and late reduced diffusion (AESD) is a very rare encephalopathy subtype which is characterized by biphasic seizures and disturbance of consciousness in the acute stage followed in the subacute stage by restricted diffusion in the subcortical white matter and finally resulting in cerebral atrophy on ...
Uehara Ryuji R Department of Clinical Radiology Graduate School of Medical Sciences Kyushu University 3-1-1, Maidashi Higashi-ku Fukuoka 812-8582 - - 2014
We report the clinical application of intravoxel incoherent motion (IVIM) magnetic resonance (MR) imaging to diagnose a case of mitochondrial myopathy, encephalopathy, lactic acidosis, and stroke-like episodes (MELAS) in the acute phase. On IVIM MR Images of this patient, higher perfusion (f) and diffusion (D) values in the left occipital ...
Sun Phillip Zhe PZ Athinoula A. Martinos Center for Biomedical Imaging, Department of Radiology, Massachusetts General Hospital and Harvard Medical School, Charlestown, MA, - - 2014
Diffusion-weighted imaging (DWI) captures ischemic tissue that is likely to infarct, and has become one of the most widely used acute stroke imaging techniques. Diffusion kurtosis imaging (DKI) has lately been postulated as a complementary MRI method to stratify the heterogeneously damaged DWI lesion. However, the conventional DKI acquisition time ...
Saltik Sema S From the *Department of Pediatric Neurology, Istanbul, Turkey, Istanbul Medeniyet University Goztepe Training and Research Hospital; †Department of Pediatrics, Istanbul Medeniyet University Faculty of Medicine, Istanbul, Turkey; ‡Intensive Care Unit; §Department of Pediatrics, Istanbul Medeniyet University Goztepe Training and Research Hospital, Istanbul, - - 2014
Acute upper airway obstruction derived from any cause can be a life-threatening emergency in pediatric patients. The major causes are infection, foreign body aspiration, and trauma. However, acute neurological disorders occasionally may manifest as severe airway obstruction.In our case, we report a 10-year-old patient presenting with prominent upper airway obstruction ...
Devlin Thomas G - - 2014
Severe acute stroke patients with critical carotid stenosis or occlusion without intracranial thrombus typically do not undergo emergent carotid thromboendarterectomy (CEA) because of the risk of reperfusion-related intracranial hemorrhage. Past studies have not consistently demonstrated benefit of early operative intervention. Cerebral computed tomography (CT), cervical and cerebral CT angiography (CTA), ...
Kim Bum Joon BJ Department of Neurology, Asan Medical Center, University of Ulsan College of Medicine, Seoul, - - 2014
Although intravenous administration of tissue plasminogen activator is the only proven treatment after acute ischemic stroke, there is always a concern of hemorrhagic risk after thrombolysis. Therefore, selection of patients with potential benefits in overcoming potential harms of thrombolysis is of great importance. Despite the practical issues in using magnetic ...
Ko Youngchai Y Department of Neurology, Eulji University Hospital, Eulji University, Daejeon, - - 2014
In order to improve inter-rater reliability and minimize diagnosis of undetermined etiology for stroke subtype classification, using a stroke registry, we developed and implemented a magnetic resonance imaging (MRI)-based algorithm for acute ischemic stroke subtype classification (MAGIC). We enrolled patients who experienced an acute ischemic stroke, were hospitalized in the ...
Pugmire Brian S BS Brian S Pugmire, Randheer Shailam, Michael S Gee, Department of Radiology, Massachusetts General Hospital, Boston, MA 01890, United - - 2014
Osteomyelitis is a significant cause of morbidity in children throughout the world. Multiple imaging modalities can be used to evaluate for suspected osteomyelitis, however magnetic resonance imaging (MRI) has distinct advantages over other modalities given its ability to detect early changes related to osteomyelitis, evaluate the true extent of disease, ...
Natori Tatsunori T Department of Neurology and Gerontology, Institute for Biomedical Sciences, Iwate Medical University, Morioka, Japan. Electronic address: - - 2014
Spontaneous intracranial vertebrobasilar artery dissection (iVBD) is a cause of ischemic stroke and subarachnoid hemorrhage in young adults that can be detected noninvasively by using multisequence magnetic resonance imaging (MRI). However, MRI findings are sometimes difficult to interpret, and its accuracy tends to be suboptimal, especially during the acute period. ...
Larribe Maud M Service d'imagerie médicale, Hôpital La Conception, 147 boulevard Baille, 13005, Marseille, - - 2014
To evaluate the usefulness of dynamic gadolinium-enhanced magnetic resonance imaging (MRI) for assessing the viability of the proximal pole of the scaphoid in patients with acute scaphoid fractures. Eighteen consecutive patients with acute scaphoid fracture who underwent dynamic gadolinium-enhanced MRI 7 days or less before surgery were prospectively included between August ...
Ramalingam Vijay V Department of Radiology, Boston Medical Center, 820 Harrison Avenue, FGH Building, 3rd Floor, Boston, MA, 02118, USA, - - 2014
The purpose of this study is to evaluate the performance of a sequential multi-modality imaging algorithm for diagnosing acute appendicitis in pregnancy. This IRB-approved, HIPAA compliant study included 127 consecutive pregnant patients imaged for suspected appendicitis between October 2007 and May 2012; all patients initially underwent ultrasound (US) examination, followed ...
Reginelli Alfonso A Department of Internal and Experimental Medicine, Magrassi-Lanzara, Institute of Radiology, Second University of Naples, Piazza Miraglia 2, 80138 Naples, Italy. Electronic address: - - 2014
Gastro-intestinal disorders in older patients is a medical emergency that requires immediate medical care. Chances of recovery improve with an early diagnosis and treatment. It might be caused by a number of different diseases, including perforations by foreign bodies, colon cancer, diverticulitis, ischemia. CT is often the initial modality used ...
Alberini Elena E Division of Child Neurology and Psychiatry, Institute for Maternal and Child Health-IRCCS "Burlo Garofolo," Trieste, - - 2014
A pseudotumoral presentation of acute hemicerebellitis is rare in pediatric age. The authors report a new single case study of a 7-year-old child with pseudotumoral unilateral cerebellitis mimicking an intracranial tumor, which clinically presented itself with signs of intracranial hypertension and mild contralateral hemiparesis, completely recovered after anti-inflammatory therapy. Brain ...
Lim Sazlyna Mohd Sazlly - - 2014
Leptospirosis typically presents with fever and thrombocytopenia, with or without jaundice. Acute necrotising pancreatitis and acalculous cholecystitis are rare presentations of this spirochetal infection. Here is the case of necrotising pancreatitis and acalculous cholecystitis associated with leptospirosis in an elderly patient. Leptospirosis was diagnosed by serological tests and abdominal CT ...
Fresow Robert R Faculty, Department of Radiology/Neuroradiology, Institute of Diagnostic and Interventional, Westküstenklinikum Heide, Academic Teaching Hospital of the Universities of Kiel , Lübeck and Hamburg, Germany - - 2014
We present the case of a 73 year-old Caucasian male with acute abdominal pain, peritonism and vomiting. Due to the severity of symptoms a CT examination of the abdomen was performed. The scans revealed multiple jejunal diverticula, wall thickening of the duodenum and jejunum, and free peritoneal fluid. No clear ...
Ruder John J University of Central Florida College of Medicine, Orlando, Florida. Electronic address: - - 2014
Citrullinemia type I is an autosomal recessive disorder of the urea cycle in which a patient lacks the cytosolic enzyme, argininosuccinic acid synthetase. This enzyme deficiency results in elevated levels of ammonia, glutamine, and citrulline. The accumulation of ammonia and glutamine causes neurodegenerative changes that are detectible on magnetic resonance ...
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