Search Results
Results 1 - 50 of 965
1 2 3 4 5 6 7 8 9 10 >
Kasaliwal Rajeev R From the *Department of Endocrinology, Seth GS Medical College; †Radiation Medicine Centre, Bhabha Atomic Research Centre, Tata Memorial Centre Annexe; and ‡Department of Microbiology, Seth GS Medical College, Mumbai, - - 2014
A 60-year-old woman with clinical and biochemical features suggestive of adrenal insufficiency was found to have bilateral adrenal masses on CT scan and was subjected to F-FDG PET scan. The scan showed hypermetabolic mediastinal nodes in addition to intense tracer uptake in bilateral adrenal masses. CT-guided adrenal biopsy grew Histoplasma ...
O'Rourke Tara Leigh - - 2013
Papilloedema is a diagnostic term used exclusively to describe optic disc oedema associated with increased intracranial pressure. Septic cerebral venous sinus thrombosis has become an increasingly rare cause of papilloedema because of the widespread availability of antimicrobial agents; however, it is imperative for optometrists to maintain vigilance for this pathologic ...
Lee Gwang-Jun - - 2013
Aspergillosis in the central nervous system (CNS) is a very rare disease in immune-competent patients. There was a case of a healthy man without a history of immune-compromised disease who had invasive aspergillosis with unusual radiologic findings. A 48-year-old healthy man with diabetes mellitus, presented with complaints of blurred vision ...
Tsai Ya-Ju - - 2013
(18)F-fluorodeoxyglucose positron emission tomography (FDG-PET) of a 74-year-old man showed high FDG uptake in bilateral adrenal histoplasmosis. Four months after the administration of an appropriate antifungal treatment, we observed a significant decrease in FDG uptake into the lesions, with a 40% reduction in activity (maximal standardized uptake value). This imaging ...
Dillard Thomas A - - 2013
We present images of a patient with multiple endobronchial mycetomas visible by bronchoscopy with varying appearances and with mixed fungal flora on culture. A 44-year-old African American male previously treated for pulmonary tuberculosis 11 years earlier presented with moderate hemoptysis and infiltrates in the right upper lobe on chest radiograph. ...
Liu Yuejian - - 2013
F-FDG PET/CT on a 23-year-old woman with aplastic anemia and left periorbital swelling showed FDG-avid lesions in the head and neck. The lesions were confirmed to be mucormycosis histologically after F-FDG PET/CT-guided biopsy. Antifungal therapy was adjusted with serial follow-up F-FDG PET/CT until complete patient recovery. F-FDG PET/CT is valuable ...
Verma Ritu - - 2013
Cranial aspergillosis may present as meningitis, cerebral abscess, cerebral infarcts/haemorrhages or extra-axial mass. Extra-axial cranial aspergilloma may mimic meningioma owing to mass-like characteristics and intense contrast enhancement on MRI there by delaying the diagnosis and further worsening the already bad prognosis in these patients. We present a 45-year-old gentleman who ...
de Mol Mark - - 2012
BACKGROUND: Invasive pulmonary aspergillosis (IPA) is a life-threatening complication in immunocompromised patients. Early diagnosis and therapy improves outcome. Assessment of galactomannan (GM) in bronchoalveolar lavage (BAL) fluid is a proposed tool to diagnose IPA. Little is known about the diagnostic value of BAL GM in children. MATERIALS AND METHODS: Retrospectively, ...
Tanaka N I - - 2012
This study aimed to examine and compare the trunk muscularity of track and field throwers and non-athletes, and its predictive value to the physical performance of the athletes. Using a magnetic resonance imaging method, the skeletal muscle volume (SMV) of the trunk (SMVtrunk) was determined in 19 strength trained athletes ...
Jakkani R - - 2012
The adult form of myotonic dystrophy type 1 is a neuromuscular disorder with multisystem involvement, including the central nervous system (CNS). The presenting clinical features of this condition include distal muscle weakness, myotonia, intellectual decline, cataract, frontal baldness and testicular atrophy. Magnetic resonance (MR) imaging shows characteristic white matter changes ...
Kim Jung Yoon - - 2012
To compare the motor recovery following transverse myelitis in pediatric patients with and without spinal cord atrophy. From January 1995 through December 2009, twenty children (8 boys and 12 girls with an onset at 5.7±3.8 years) that were diagnosed with transverse myelitis at a Children's Hospital in Korea, and undertaken ...
Hwang Jee Hyun - - 2012
(1) To present the magnetic resonance imaging (MRI) findings of congenital muscular torticollis (CMT) of subjects who underwent surgical release and subjects who showed a good prognosis with stretching exercises and (2) to correlate the MRI findings with the histopathologic findings of CMT for subjects who underwent surgical release in ...
Chevis Camila F - - 2012
Although Friedreich's ataxia is characterized by spinal cord atrophy, it remains to be investigated the possible correlation of such atrophy with clinical disability and genetic parameters. Thirty-three patients with Friedreich's ataxia and 30 healthy controls underwent MRI on a 3 T scanner. We used T1-weighted 3D images to estimate spinal cord ...
Gifford Paul - - 2012
PURPOSE.: To compare repeatability of internal eye aberrations derived from aberrometry and corneal topography (CT) measured simultaneously by the Innovative Visual Systems Discovery, against time displaced but same instrument measurement (Nidek OPD-Scan 3), and time displaced different instrument measurement (Medmont E300 and Imagine Eyes irx3). METHODS.: Three aberrometry and CT ...
Mitchell Colleen W - - 2012
To determine the accuracy of magnetic resonance imaging for diagnosing cervical stenotic myelopathy in horses, 39 horses with spinal ataxia and 20 control horses underwent clinical and neurologic examinations, cervical radiographs, euthanasia, magnetic resonance (MR) imaging of the cervical spine and necropsy. Twenty-four horses were diagnosed with cervical stenotic myelopathy, ...
Riccitelli Gianna - - 2012
Objective: We aimed to investigate the regional distribution of grey matter (GM) and white matter (WM) atrophy in patients with relapsing-remitting (RR) MS and their relationship with gender, clinical findings, and T2 lesions.Methods: Clinical and magnetic resonance imaging assessments were obtained from 78 patients with RRMS and 88 controls. GM ...
Fischmann Arne - - 2012
Oculopharyngeal muscular dystrophy (OPMD) is a rare autosomal dominant muscular dystrophy with late onset and slow progression. The aim of this study was to compare different methods of quantitative MRI in the follow-up of OPMD to semiquantitative evaluation of MRI images and to functional parameters. We examined 8 patients with genetically ...
Stoll Matthew L - - 2012
PURPOSE: The purpose of this study was to evaluate the safety and efficacy of intra-articular corticosteroid injections (IACIs) of the temporomandibular joint (TMJ) in children with juvenile idiopathic arthritis (JIA) when administered by an oral and maxillofacial surgeon without imaging guidance. MATERIALS AND METHODS: This was a retrospective study of ...
Balassy Csilla - - 2012
Radiologic evaluation of musculoskeletal abnormalities in children is now usually performed by ultrasound and magnetic resonance imaging, owing to their excellent anatomic detail and lack of ionizing radiation. There remains a group of certain congenital and acquired conditions in which computed tomography (CT) can deliver invaluable information, and thus its ...
Porta Francesco - - 2012
The use of Doppler techniques, including power, colour and spectral Doppler, has greatly increased in rheumatology in recent years. This is due to the ability of Doppler US (DUS) to detect pathological vascularization within joints and periarticular soft tissues, thereby demonstrating the presence of active inflammation, which has been reported ...
Gutierrez-Quintana Rodrigo - - 2012
Cervical spondylomyelopathy or Wobbler syndrome commonly affects the cervical vertebral column of Great Dane dogs. Degenerative changes affecting the articular process joints are a frequent finding in these patients; however, the correlation between these changes and other features of cervical spondylomyelopathy are uncertain. We described and graded the degenerative changes ...
McQueen Fiona M - - 2012
The clinical course of gout is initially characterized by acute self-limited joint inflammation, but long-standing disease is often associated with chronic inflammation followed by the development of erosive joint damage, which can result in long-term functional impairment. Preventing joint damage is now a major focus of therapeutic intervention in gout. ...
Chen Shengguo - - 2012
OBJECTIVES/HYPOTHESIS: To directly visualize the cricothyroid joint (CTJ) cavity of the human cadaver and to correlate the appearance of the CTJ cavity to its fibrous capsule. STUDY DESIGN: Prospective. METHODS: Twenty-five cadavers (nine females and 16 males; age range, 67-95 years) were used for gross anatomy, micro-computed tomography (CT) arthrography, ...
Ai Fei - - 2012
The objective of this study is to estimate the value of diffusion-weighted MRI (DWI) in the detection of abnormalities in sacroiliac joints in the patients with early ankylosing spondylitis (AS) and investigate the feasibility of whole-body DWI (WB-DWI) in systemic evaluation of AS. Sixteen patients with early AS, 18 patients ...
Rathod Santosh Bharat - - 2012
Walker-Warburg syndrome (WWS) is a rare autosomal recessive disorder characterized by a triad of congenital muscular dystrophy, brain anomalies, and ocular abnormalities. The brain anomalies mainly include type II lissencephaly (cobblestone cortex), pontine and cerebellar hypogenesis, cerebral or cerebellar hypomyelination, cerebellar polymicrogyria with or without cysts, and variable callosal hypogenesis. ...
Sekine Tetsuro - - 2012
Sarcoidosis is a multisystem disorder of unknown etiology that involves multiple organs. Computed tomography is the first-line imaging modality for diagnosing sarcoidosis because of its capacity to detect hilar lymphadenopathy and pulmonary lesions. Magnetic resonance (MR) imaging provides good soft tissue contrast that is useful for detecting sarcoidosis in some ...
Almontasheri Ali A Department of Radiology, King Saud Medical City, Riyadh, Kingdom of Saudi - - 2012
Lateral sphenoid encephalocele, especially within the lateral aspect of the sphenoid sinus, when the sphenoid sinus has pneumatized extensively into the pterygoid recess, are considered exceedingly rare. We report a rare case of lateral intrasphenoidal encephalocele with spontaneous cerebral spinal fluid (CSF) rhinorrhea. Computed tomography demonstrated bilateral arachnoid pit, extensive ...
Yamashita Hiroyuki - - 2011
OBJECTIVES: To investigate fluorodeoxyglucose (FDG) accumulation in large joints, bursas, and large vessels in patients with polymyalgia rheumatica (PMR) using 18-FDG positron emission tomography/computed tomography (PET/CT) and to differentiate PMR from similar diseases. METHODS: Fourteen untreated patients with active PMR and 17 control patients with rheumatoid arthritis (n = 11) or other ...
Tamai Mami - - 2011
OBJECTIVE: To explore whether synovitis and bone lesions in the wrists and finger joints visualized by plain magnetic resonance imaging (MRI)-based findings correspond exactly or not to those judged by gadolinium-diethylenetriamine pentaacetic acid (Gd-DTPA)-enhanced MRI-based findings. METHODS: Magnetic resonance imaging of the wrists and finger joints of both hands were ...
Martin Joel R - - 2012
The purpose of this study was to use magnetic resonance imaging to measure the moment arm of the flexor digitorum superficialis tendon about the metacarpophalangeal joint of the index, middle, ring, and little fingers when the position and force production level of the index finger was altered. A secondary goal ...
Thaunat Mathieu - - 2012
The purpose of this study was to assess the fusion rate on CT examinations and to correlate clinically the functional result with the degree of bone fusion in the subtalar joint after posterior arthroscopic subtalar arthrodesis (PASTA). Fourteen cases, from 36 to 84 years old, were retrospectively followed-up for a ...
Makrogiannis Sokratis - - 2012
To introduce and validate an unsupervised muscle and fat quantification algorithm based on joint analysis of water-suppressed (WS), fat-suppressed (FS), and water and fat (nonsuppressed) volumetric magnetic resonance imaging (MRI) of the mid-thigh region. We first segmented the subcutaneous fat by use of a parametric deformable model, then applied centroid ...
Samoy Yves - - 2011
Elbow incongruity is an important factor regarding the treatment and prognosis of elbow dysplasia. Our purpose was to determine the sensitivity and specificity for radiographic detection of elbow incongruity in clinical patients, to establish inter- and intraobserver variation for different parameters, and to evaluate the possibility of radiographic grading of ...
Siddle Heidi J HJ Division of Musculoskeletal Disease, Leeds Institute of Molecular Medicine, University of Leeds, Chapel Allerton Hospital, Leeds LS7 4SA, UK. - - 2012
Previous cadaveric studies have suggested that forefoot deformities at the metatarsophalangeal (MTP) joints in patients with rheumatoid arthritis (RA) might result from the failure of the ligamentous system and displacement of the plantar plates. This study aimed to examine the relationship between plantar plate pathology and the rheumatoid arthritis magnetic ...
Braun Hillary J HJ Department of Radiology, Stanford University, CA 94305, - - 2012
Osteoarthritis (OA) is a chronic, debilitating joint disease characterized by degenerative changes to the bones, cartilage, menisci, ligaments, and synovial tissue. Imaging modalities such as radiography, magnetic resonance imaging (MRI), optical coherence tomography (OCT), and ultrasound (US) permit visualization of these structures and can evaluate disease onset and progression. Radiography ...
Haugen Ida Kristin - - 2011
OBJECTIVES: To explore associations between MRI features and measures of pain and physical function in hand osteoarthritis (OA).METHODS: Eighty-five patients (77 women) with mean (SD) age of 68.8 (5.6) years underwent contrast-enhanced MRI of the interphalangeal joints (dominant hand) and clinical joint assessment. One investigator read the MRIs for presence/severity ...
Zain-Alabdeen E H - - 2011
OBJECTIVE: The aim of this study was to assess the accuracy and reliability of cone beam CT (CBCT) images compared with multidetector CT (MDCT) images for the detection of surface osseous changes in temporomandibular joints (TMJs). METHODS: Naked-eye inspection of 110 sites in 10 TMJs from 5 dry human skulls ...
Wang P - - 2012
The aim of this retrospective study was to characterize MRI findings of synovial chondromatosis in the temporomandibular joint (TMJ) by correlation with their pathological findings. 22 patients with synovial chondromatosis in unilateral TMJ were referred for plain MRI prior to surgical management and pathological examinations. Parasagittal and coronal proton density-weighted ...
Ogura I - - 2012
The purpose of this study was to evaluate the MR characteristics of temporomandibular joint (TMJ) disc displacement in elderly patients. Of the MR images of 1660 TMJs in 847 patients with disc displacement who underwent MRI for suspected temporomandibular disorders, 301 TMJs in 154 patients aged over 50 years were ...
Boesen Mikael - - 2011
Objective. To test the correlation between assessment of inflammation using dynamic contrast-enhanced MRI (DCE-MRI) analysed by a novel computer-aided approach and semi-quantitative scores of synovitis and bone marrow oedema (BME) using the OMERACT-RA MRI Scoring (RAMRIS) system, in the wrist of patients with RA.Methods. Fifty-four RA patients had conventional and ...
Lee Jeong-Yun - - 2011
This study aims to report the results of a 1-year computed tomographic (CT) follow up of 54 temporomandibular joints (TMJs) affected by osteoarthritis (OA) and to provide longitudinal information on changes in OA and its relationship with clinical signs and symptoms. TMJ OA was diagnosed by history, clinical and CT ...
Apprich S - - 2011
OBJECTIVES: To define the feasibility of utilizing T2* mapping for assessment of early cartilage degeneration prior to surgery in patients with symptomatic femoroacetabular impingement (FAI), we compared cartilage of the hip joint in patients with FAI and healthy volunteers using T2* mapping at 3.0 Tesla over time. MATERIALS AND METHODS: ...
Ohrndorf S - - 2011
To evaluate wrist and finger joints in patients with rheumatoid arthritis (RA) by grayscale, power Doppler (PD) and contrast-enhanced musculoskeletal ultrasonography (US) and to compare these findings with MRI, clinical (DAS28) and laboratory (ESR; CRP) data. US was performed at baseline (t0) and after three, six and twelve (t12) months ...
Lo Sherman S M - - 2011
Vacuum phenomenon (VP) is commonly found in sacroiliac joints, and its significance in patients with back pain has been debated. We investigated the prevalence of sacroiliac joint vacuum phenomenon (SJVP) and the rate at which it is reported on abdominopelvic and lumbosacral spine computed tomography (CT) images by body imagers ...
Ehman Eric C - - 2011
The triangular fibrocartilage complex (TFCC) with its ulnar foveal attachment is the primary stabilizer of the distal radioulnar joint (DRUJ). The purpose of this study was to describe a technique for measuring the degree of subluxation of the DRUJ in wrist magnetic resonance imaging (MRI) examinations to predict tears involving ...
Arkun Remide - - 2011
Brucellosis is a zoonosis of worldwide distribution caused by small gram-negative nonencapsulated coccobacilli of the genus Brucella. It is characterized by a granulomatous reaction in the reticuloendothelial system. Because it affects several organs and tissues, it may have various clinical manifestations. Musculoskeletal involvement is one of the most common locations, ...
Khoo J N - - 2011
Gout is the most common form of microcrystalline arthropathy, and does not usually pose a diagnostic challenge when patients have a typical presentation, appropriate biochemical picture and classical radiographic appearance. However, magnetic resonance (MR) imaging is increasingly used as the first-line imaging modality in patients with first presentation of joint ...
Pandey Sanjay - - 2011
Tabes dorsalis is a late manifestation of untreated syphilis that is characterized by ataxia, lancinating pains, and urinary incontinence. A form of tertiary syphilis or neurosyphilis, it is the result of slow, progressive degeneration of the nerve cells in the spinal cord. Case report. A 39-year-old man presented with tingling ...
Lim S W - - 2011
Synovial chondromatosis of the temporomandibular joint is a rare benign joint disorder that has been reported in only a few studies. However, we recently encountered a pathologically proven case of this disorder. This case also showed the typical imaging findings on panoramic radiographs and on CT and MR images. Therefore, ...
Farrell Michael - - 2011
OBJECTIVE: To report the computed tomographic (CT) documentation of humeral intracondylar fissure (HIF) developing after complete ossification of the humeral condyle (HC). STUDY DESIGN: Clinical report. ANIMALS: Male 3 year old working (English) Cocker Spaniel. METHODS: Sequential CT screening (659-day interval between analyses). RESULTS: A sagittal hypodense fissure typical of ...
1 2 3 4 5 6 7 8 9 10 >