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Seastedt Kenneth P KP Section of Colon and Rectal Surgery, Department of Surgery, Weill Cornell Medical College, New York, New - - 2014
CT enterography and magnetic resonance enterography have emerged as first-line imaging technologies for the evaluation of the gastrointestinal tract in Crohn's disease. The purpose of this work was to evaluate the accuracy of these imaging modalities to identify Crohn's disease lesions preoperatively. This was a retrospective chart review. The study ...
Ahrens Eric T ET Department of Radiology, University of California at San Diego, La Jolla, California, - - 2014
Cellular therapeutics are emerging as a treatment option for a host of serious human diseases. To accelerate clinical translation, noninvasive imaging of cell grafts in clinical trials can potentially be used to assess the initial delivery and behavior of cells. The use of a perfluorocarbon (PFC) tracer agent for clinical ...
Grimberg Alexandre A Division of Musculoskeletal Radiology, Department of Radiology, University of California, San Diego School of Medicine, San Diego, CA, USA, - - 2014
To systematically compare the notches of the lateral femoral condyle (LFC) in patients with and without complete tears of the anterior cruciate ligament (ACL) in MR studies by (1) evaluating the dimensions of the lateral condylopatellar sulcus; (2) evaluating the presence and appearance of an extra or a double notch ...
Carrillo-Cruz Estrella E Department of Hematology, Instituto de Biomedicina de Sevilla (IBIS)/Hospital Universitario Virgen del Rocío/CSIC/Universidad de Sevilla, Seville, - - 2014
The use of PET in patients with marginal zone B cell lymphoma (MZL) is controversial because of variability of fluorodeoxyglucose (FDG) avidity. We analyzed 40 PET/CT in 25 consecutive patients to compare its performance with CT at staging and as a first-line response assessment. Sensitivity of PET/CT and CT was ...
Larson Christopher M CM Minnesota Orthopedic Sports Medicine Institute at Twin Cities Orthopedics, 4010 West 65th Street, Edina, MN, 55435, USA, - - 2014
Plain radiographic measures of the acetabulum may fail to accurately define coverage or pathomorphology such as impingement or dysplasia. CT scans might provide more precise measurements for overcoverage and undercoverage. However, a well-defined method for such CT-based measurements and normative data regarding CT-based acetabular coverage is lacking. The purposes of ...
Xiao Li L Department of Nephrology, Central South University, Changsha, Hunan, - - 2014
We report the outcome of a 52-year-old patient with diabetic nephropathy and receiving maintenance hemodialysis (HD) using low molecular weight heparin (LMWH) as an anticoagulant for 2 years. He presented right lower limb pain accompanied with difficulty in walking for 2 months, and had no history of bleeding tendency or ...
Izumida Hiroyuki - - 2014
It has been well documented that labral tear is frequently associated with femoroacetabular impingement and dysplasia of the hip; however, there have been few reported cases of labral tear associated with idiopathic osteonecrosis of the hip. Here we report the case of a patient with labral tear associated with idiopathic ...
Takahashi Hiroyuki H Division of Rheumatic Diseases, National Center for Global Health and Medicine , Shinjuku-ku, Tokyo , - - 2014
Objectives. To compare the fluorodeoxyglucose positron emission tomography/computed tomography (FDG-PET/CT) findings in patients with elderly-onset rheumatoid arthritis (EORA) with those in patients with polymyalgia rheumatica (PMR), two conditions with similar clinical presentations. Methods. We retrospectively analyzed the FDG-PET/CT findings in 10 patients with EORA and 27 patients with PMR admitted ...
Lee So-Yeon SY From the Departments of *Radiology, and †Orthopedic Surgery, Seoul St Mary's Hospital, College of Medicine, The Catholic University of Korea, Seoul, South - - 2014
This study aimed to retrospectively evaluate magnetic resonance imaging findings for the detection of lateral meniscocapsular separation (LMCS) in patients with tibial plateau fractures. We hypothesize that patients with LMCS have greater perimeniscal abnormal signal or greater distance between the lateral meniscus (LM) and the lateral collateral ligament (LCL) than ...
Lance Valentin V Department of Radiology and Biomedical Imaging, University of California, 505 Parnassus Ave, M-391, San Francisco, CA, 94143-0628, USA, - - 2014
The purpose of our study was (1) to analyze the flap tear location, direction of displacement and size on magnetic resonance (MR) imaging, (2) to describe associated knee abnormalities including presence of effusion, synovitis, bone marrow edema pattern or ligamentous tear, and (3) to assess clinical findings found with flap ...
Bervian Michel Roberto MR Department of Orthopaedics and Traumatology, University of Campinas - UNICAMP, Rua Tessália Vieira de Camargo, 126, Campinas, SP, 13083-970, Brazil, - - 2014
The purpose of this study was to correlate the pre-operative imaging, vascularity of the proximal pole, and histology of the proximal pole bone of established scaphoid fracture non-union. This was a prospective non-controlled experimental study. Patients were evaluated pre-operatively for necrosis of the proximal scaphoid fragment by radiography, computed tomography ...
Sandroni Claudio C Department of Anaesthesiology and Intensive Care, Catholic University School of Medicine, Largo Gemelli 8, 00168, Rome, Italy, - - 2014
To review and update the evidence on predictors of poor outcome (death, persistent vegetative state or severe neurological disability) in adult comatose survivors of cardiac arrest, either treated or not treated with controlled temperature, to identify knowledge gaps and to suggest a reliable prognostication strategy. GRADE-based systematic review followed by ...
Saruya Shinji S Department of Radiology, St. Marianna University School of Medicine, Kawasaki, Kanagawa, - - 2014
The aims of this study were to perform a longitudinal evaluation of the cross-sectional area (CSA) of small pulmonary vessels and the extent of emphysema measured on computed tomography (CT) scans of patients with chronic obstructive pulmonary disease (COPD), and to correlate the pulmonary vascular measurements with extent of emphysema. ...
Vidal-Jordana A A Hospital Universitari Vall d'Hebron, Universitat Autònoma de Barcelona, Barcelona, - - 2014
We aimed to single out multiple sclerosis (MS) cases with poor outcome after natalizumab withdrawal and to identify predictive variables. We ascertained 47 withdrawals, and compared their pre- and post-natalizumab periods. We objectively defined significant clinical worsening after natalizumab withdrawal as a 2-step increase in Expanded Disability Status Scale (EDSS). ...
Wegener Susanne S Department of Neurology, University Hospital Zurich, - - 2014
The involvement of the central nervous system in sarcoidosis can manifest with a variety of neurological symptoms, most of them nonspecific. We identified 13 patients with neurosarcoidosis diagnosed at our clinic. Six of 13 patients presented with clinically isolated neurosarcoidosis (CINS) without signs or symptoms of systemic disease. CINS patients ...
Hoogcarspel Stan J SJ Department of Radiotherapy, University Medical Center Utrecht, Heidelberglaan 100, 3584 CX, Utrecht, The - - 2014
The purpose of this study was to investigate what pseudo-CT (pCT) strategy is sufficient for online MRI based treatment plan adaptation of a stereotactic treatment for spinal bone metastases. For this purpose, the dosimetric accuracy of five increasingly complex pCT strategies was evaluated using the planning CT data of 20 ...
Ota Miho M Department of Mental Disorder Research, National Institute of Neuroscience, National Center of Neurology and Psychiatry, 4-1-1, Ogawa-Higashi, Kodaira, Tokyo 187-8502, - - 2014
The Diagnostic and Statistical Manual of Mental Disorders-IV (DSM-IV) recognizes some subtypes of major depressive disorder (MDD). It is known that the effectiveness of antidepressants differs among the MDD subtypes, and thus the differentiation of the subtypes is important. However, little is known as to structural brain changes in MDD ...
Adams Hugo Ja HJ Department of Radiology and Nuclear Medicine, University Medical Center Utrecht, Utrecht, The Netherlands - - 2014
Detection of bone marrow involvement using 18F-fluoro-2-deoxy-D-glucose positron emission tomography/computed tomography (FDG-PET/CT) has been proposed as a non-invasive alternative to standard blind bone marrow biopsy (BMB) of the posterior iliac crest in patients with newly diagnosed diffuse large B-cell lymphoma (DLBCL). However, studies that directly compare FDG-PET/CT results with histopathology ...
Mundada Pravin P Department of Radiology, Changi General Hospital, - - 2014
Our retrospective study aims to assess the ability of computed tomography arteriography and venography (CT A/V) to detect various findings that suggest a potential cause of pulsatile tinnitus and to examine the association between these findings and the side of pulsatile tinnitus. A retrospective review of CT arteriography and venography ...
Takeshima Yasuhiro Y Department of Neurosurgery, Nara Medical University School of Medicine, Kashihara, - - 2014
Study Design. Case reportObjective. To highlight the probability that lateral atlantoaxial subluxation (AAS) exists in rheumatoid arthritis (RA) patients and induces vertebrobasilar infarctions that are more foregrounded than compressive myelopathy.Summary of Background Data. Although lateral subluxation is a well-known subtype of AAS, a case of cerebral ischemia associated with lateral ...
Baraliakos Xenofon X Rheumazentrum Ruhrgebiet Herne, Ruhr-University Bochum, - - 2014
The concept of axial Spondyloarthritis (axSpA) includes patients with non-radiographic axSpA and ankylosing spondylitis (AS). Inflammatory and chronic/structural changes of the sacroiliac joints and the spine are pathognomonic in patients who are diagnosed with axSpA. In the last years, the evaluation of the natural course of axSpA has been in ...
Schnapauff Dirk D Department of Radiology, Charité Universitätsmedizin Berlin, Augustenburger Platz 1, 13353, Berlin, Germany, - - 2014
To evaluate the use of a novel battery-powered drill, enabling specimen requirement while drilling, in radiofrequency ablation of osteoid osteoma as an alternative to conventional orthopedic drills. Between 2009 and 2013, altogether 33 patients underwent CT-guided radiofrequency ablation of an osteoid osteoma at our institution. To access the nidus of ...
Beyer Sebastian E SE Institute for Clinical Radiology, Ludwig-Maximilians-University Hospital Munich, Munich, - - 2014
The velocity of collateral filling can be assessed in dynamic time-resolved computed tomography (CT) angiographies and may predict initial CT perfusion (CTP) and follow-up lesion size. We included all patients with an M1± internal carotid artery (ICA) occlusion and follow-up imaging from an existing cohort of 1791 consecutive patients who ...
Larheim Tore A TA Dept of Maxillofacial Radiology, Institute of Clinical Dentistry, University of Oslo, Oslo, - - 2014
The present review will give an update on temporomandibular joint (TMJ) imaging using cone beam computed tomography (CBCT). It will focus on diagnostic accuracy and the value of CBCT compared to other imaging modalities for the evaluation of the TMJs in different categories of patients; osteoarthritis, juvenile osteoarthritis, rheumatoid arthritis ...
Müller Hubertus Fritz Georg HF From the Department of Neurology (H.F.G.M., A.V., L.F., P.L., R.S.), Department of Neuroradiology (K.-O.L.), Department of Nuclear Medicine (O.R., J.-P.W.), and Department of Laboratory Medicine (S.P., N.V.), University Hospital of Geneva, Switzerland; and Department of Neurology, Hospital of Sion, Switzerland (C.B.). - - 2014
We investigated whether uptake of (18)Fluorodoeoxyglucose (18FDG) positron emission tomography-computed tomography (PET-CT) correlated to clinical symptoms and presence of microembolic signals (MES) detected by transcranial Doppler in patients with carotid stenosis. 18FDG-PET-CT and MES detection was performed in consecutive patients with 50% to 99% symptomatic or asymptomatic carotid stenoses. Uptake ...
Jang Ji Hye JH Department of Radiology, Kyung Hee University Hospital, Kyung Hee University School of Medicine, Seoul, Korea (J.H.J., J.S.P., K.N.R.); Departments of Radiology (W.J., S.Y.P.) and Orthopedic Surgery (Y.S.C., K.H.R.), Kyung Hee University Hospital at Gangdong, Kyung Hee University, Seoul, Korea; and Department of Medicine, Kyung Hee University School of Medicine, Seoul, Korea - - 2014
Polyethylene liner dissociation from an acetabular component is a complication of total-hip arthroplasty (THA) caused by slippage of the liner, which causes pain and requires a revision. The aim of this study was to evaluate sonographic features of liner dissociation and detect useful sonographic findings compared to conventional radiography and ...
Maccioni Francesca F 1 Department of Radiological Sciences, Oncology, and Pathology, Sapienza University of Rome, Policlinico Umberto I Hospital, Viale Regina Elena 324, Rome 00161, - - 2014
OBJECTIVE. The purpose of this article is to prospectively determine the accuracy of MR enterography in detecting Crohn disease lesions from the jejunum to the anorectal region in pediatric patients, in comparison with main reference investigations. SUBJECTS AND METHODS. Fifty consecutive children with known Crohn disease underwent MR enterography with ...
Young E E Department of Critical Care, Aintree University Hospital, NHS Foundation Trust, Liverpool, United - - 2014
Despite widespread adoption of percutaneous dilatational tracheostomy within the critical care setting, there is still uncertainty regarding long-term complications, particularly in relation to missed or subclinical tracheal stenosis. In this study, all patients underwent tracheostomy using a single tapered dilator ≥ three months prior to enrolment and were evaluated using ...
Dercle Laurent L Department of Nuclear Medicine, IUCT-Oncopole/Institut Claudius Regaud, 31100, Toulouse, France, - - 2014
To investigate whether MRI (RECIST 1.1, WHO criteria and the volumetric approach) or (18)F-FDG PET/CT (PERCIST 1.0) are able to predict long-term outcome in nonsurgical patients with giant cell tumour of the tendon sheath or of the diffuse type (GCT-TS/DT). Fifteen "nonsurgical" patients with a histological diagnosis of GCT-TS/DT were ...
Kindred J H JH Department of Health and Exercise Science, Colorado State University, Fort Collins, CO, - - 2014
Case report. To determine [(18)F]-fluorodeoxyglucose ([(18)F]-FDG) uptake in the spinal cord of patients with multiple sclerosis (MS) was compared with healthy controls after treadmill walking. Colorado Translational Research Imaging Center, University of Colorado School of Medicine, Aurora, CO, USA. Eight mildly disabled patients with MS and eight healthy subjects performed ...
Chauchard Maria M Department of Internal Medicine (MC, TP, KS); Department of Nuclear Medicine (KBA), Bichat Hospital, Assistance Publique Hôpitaux de Paris; INSERM U1149 (TP, KS), University Paris Diderot, PRES Sorbonne Paris Cité; and DHU FIRE (Fibrosis, Inflammation and Remodelling in Renal and Respiratory Diseases) (TP, KS), Paris, - - 2014
Venous thromboembolism (VTE) can be the first clinical manifestation of an occult malignancy. We aimed to assess the value, in daily practice, of positron emission tomography combined with computed tomography (PET-CT) for occult malignancy diagnosis in patients with unprovoked VTE.All PET-CTs performed over 5-years period (from January 2009 to October ...
Wessman Brooke V BV From the Department of Diagnostic Radiology, Henry Ford Hospital, 2799 W Grand Blvd, Detroit, MI - - 2014
Scheduling a magnetic resonance (MR) imaging study at the authors' large health system in 2011 required considerable preparation before an appointment time was given to a patient. Difficulties in promptly scheduling appointments resulted from the varying time required for examinations, depending on the requested protocol, availability of appropriate MR imaging ...
Gunn Martin L ML From the Department of Radiology, University of Washington School of Medicine, 325 9th Ave, Box 359728, Seattle, WA - - 2014
Penetrating transmediastinal injuries (TMIs) are injuries that traverse the mediastinum. These injuries are most commonly caused by firearms and knives. The investigation and management algorithms for TMI have undergone changes in recent years due to increasing evidence that computed tomography (CT) in useful in the evaluation of hemodynamically stable TMI ...
Ganesalingam Jeban J Department of Neurology, Imperial College Healthcare NHS Trust, Charing Cross Hospital, London W6 8RF, - - 2014
The Royal College of Physicians and National Institute of Clinical Excellence have recommended that magnetic resonance imaging should be the modality of choice for cerebral imaging in transient ischemic attack patients. However, implementation of this is often difficult. Therefore, it is important to know whether magnetic resonance imaging contributes significantly ...
Monteleone Peter P PP Departments of Cardiovascular Medicine, Infectious Disease, and Thoracic and Cardiovascular Surgery, Heart & Vascular Institute, Cleveland Clinic, Cleveland, - - 2014
Cerebral angiography is an invasive procedure utilized without supporting guidelines in preoperative evaluations of infective endocarditis (IE). It is used to identify mycotic intracranial aneurysm, which is suspected to increase the risk of intracranial bleeding during cardiac surgery. Our objectives were to: (1) assess the utility of cerebral angiography by ...
Zhao Lei L Department of Radiology, Beijing Anzhen Hospital, Capital Medical University, Beijing, China, - - 2014
To evaluate the diagnostic performance of computed tomography (CT) in patients with hypertrophic cardiomyopathy (HCM) and suspected coexistent coronary artery diseases (CADs). Sixty patients were enrolled in this study. Cardiac CT examination included CT coronary angiography (CTCA) and delayed enhancement CT. CT performance in evaluation of the coronary artery was ...
Yang Tao T Department of Neurosurgery, China National Clinical Research Center for Neurological Diseases, Beijing Tiantan Hospital, Capital Medical - - 2014
Cavernous angioma (CA) is a rare hamartomatous vascular lesion, consisting of abnormal, dilated, and packed sinusoidal vascular channels without interposed nervous tissue. CAs of the cauda equina are exceedingly rare and have been previously reported in the literature as case reports. The aim of this study was to discuss the ...
Talebian Mohammad-Taghi MT Emergency Medicne Department, Tehran University of Medical Sciences, Tehran, - - 2014
Requesting non-enhanced brain CT scans for trauma and non-trauma patients in ER is very common. In this study, the impact of incorrect brain CT scan interpretations by emergency medicine team on patients' primary and secondary outcome was evaluated in the setting where neuroradiologist reports are not always available. During a ...
Merchavy Shlomo S Department of Otolaryngology-Head and Neck Surgery, Sir Mortimer B. Davis-Jewish General Hospital, McGill University, Montréal, Quebec, Canada Department of Medicine, Segal Cancer Centre and Lady Davis Institute for Medical Research, Sir Mortimer B. Davis-Jewish General Hospital, McGill University, Montréal, Quebec, Canada Department of Otolaryngology-Head and Neck Surgery, Padeh Medical Center, Poriya, Israel - - 2014
To study the rate of postoperative hypocalcemia following completion thyroidectomy (CT), in comparison with the hypocalcemia rate following total thyroidectomy (TT). A retrospective study, performed at the McGill University Thyroid Cancer Center, Montreal, Quebec, Canada, from 2007 to 2012. Medical records of adult patients undergoing CT and TT operated by ...
Ostergaard Mikkel M Copenhagen Center for Arthritis Research, Center for Rheumatology and Spine Diseases, Glostrup Hospital, Glostrup, Denmark. - - 2014
Magnetic resonance imaging (MRI) clearly is more sensitive than clinical examination and conventional radiography (x-ray) for detection of inflammation (synovitis, bone marrow oedema (osteitis) and tenosynovitis) and damage (bone erosion and cartilage loss/joint space narrowing) in patients with rheumatoid arthritis (RA). The question is when and how MRI should be ...
Bekelis Kimon K From the Section of Neurosurgery (K.B.) and Department of Medicine (E.S.F.), Dartmouth-Hitchcock Medical Center, One Medical Center Drive, Lebanon, NH 03755; Dartmouth Institute for Health Policy and Clinical Practice, Lebanon, NH (E.S.F., W.Z., J.S.); Geisel School of Medicine (E.S.F.) and Department of Economics (J.S.), Dartmouth College, Hanover, NH; and Department of Radiology, Stony Brook University Medical Center, Stony Brook, NY - - 2014
Purpose To investigate the variability in head computed tomographic (CT) scanning in patients with hemorrhagic stroke in U.S. hospitals, its association with mortality, and the number of different physicians consulted. Materials and Methods The study was approved by the Committee for the Protection of Human Subjects at Dartmouth College. A ...
Fan Audrey P AP 1] Massachussets Institute of Technology, Cambridge, Massachusetts, USA [2] Athinoula A. Martinos Center for Biomedical Imaging, Massachusetts General Hospital, Boston, Massachusetts, - - 2014
Quantitative oxygen extraction fraction (OEF) in cortical veins was studied in patients with multiple sclerosis (MS) and healthy subjects via magnetic resonance imaging (MRI) phase images at 7 Tesla (7 T). Flow-compensated, three-dimensional gradient-echo scans were acquired for absolute OEF quantification in 23 patients with MS and 14 age-matched controls. ...
Merz Maximilian M Hematology and Oncology, University Hospital of Heidelberg - - 2014
Purpose: To non-invasively assess bone marrow microcirculation before and after therapy in patients with newly diagnosed multiple myeloma (MM) with dynamic contrast-enhanced magnetic resonance imaging (DCE-MRI). Experimental Design: 96 patients received DCE-MRI before and after primary treatment for newly diagnosed MM. For the 91 evaluable patients, treatment consisted of high-dose ...
Chung Mi Sun MS Department of Radiology and Research Institute of Radiology, University of Ulsan College of Medicine, Asan Medical Center, Seoul, Republic of - - 2014
To investigate the clinical significance of three-dimensional-fluid-attenuated inversion recovery (3D-FLAIR) magnetic resonance imaging (MRI) findings in patients with Ramsay-Hunt syndrome (RHS). Case series. We enrolled 28 consecutive patients of RHS with temporal bone MRI. Initial clinical findings and outcome were assessed by House-Brackmann (HB) scales, electroneuronography (ENoG), and pure tone ...
Oda Seitaro S Department of Diagnostic Radiology, Faculty of Life Sciences, Kumamoto University, Kumamoto, Japan - - 2014
The 256-slice computed tomography (CT) scanners with wider detector coverage and faster gantry rotation speed are now available. The performance of scanners that feature a rotation speed of 270 ms at coronary CT angiography (CCTA) has not been evaluated in patients with a higher heart rate. To evaluate the image quality ...
Kum Rauf Oguzhan RO Ankara Numune Education and Research Hospital ENT Clinic, Ankara, Turkey - - 2014
The aim of this study was to investigate the role of inflammation and atherothrombosis in Bell's palsy (BP) by using neutrophil-to-lymphocyte ratio (NLR) and mean platelet volume (MPV), respectively, and to study their relations with the facial nerve enhancement on temporal gadolinium-enhanced magnetic resonance imaging (TGd-MRI). Case control study. Tertiary ...
Garcia-Granero Alvaro A Department of General Surgery, Hospital Arnau de Vilanova, University of Valencia, C/Pizarro 5, 46004, Valencia, Spain, - - 2014
The aim of this study is to describe the diagnostic performance of magnetic resonance imaging in the management of supralevator abscess, regarding its origin, location, drainage route, subsequent treatment of the fistula, and long-term results. A retrospective case series including thirteen consecutive patients with cryptoglandular supralevator abscess treated between 2001 ...
Jung Hyun Ho HH Department of Neurosurgery, Brain Research Institute, Yonsei University College of Medicine, Seoul, Korea; - - 2014
OBJECT The authors report different MRI patterns in patients with essential tremor (ET) or obsessive-compulsive disorder (OCD) after transcranial MR-guided focused ultrasound (MRgFUS) and discuss possible causes of occasional MRgFUS failure. METHODS Between March 2012 and August 2013, MRgFUS was used to perform unilateral thalamotomy in 11 ET patients and ...
Schreuder Sanne M SM Department of Radiology, Academic Medical Center, University of Amsterdam, The - - 2014
To determine the role of diffusion-weighted imaging (DWI) in evaluating response to chemoradiotherapy in patients with uterine cervical cancer. A search was performed in MEDLINE and EMBASE from January 2005 to April 2014 using search terms related to uterine cervical cancer and magnetic resonance imaging. Two reviewers independently checked the ...
Li Xiao - - 2014
BackgroundLupus nephritis (LN) is one of most common secondary glomerulonephritis. There is no ideal method to simultaneously assess renal structure and function in patients with LN. The aim of this study is to investigate the utility of diffusion weighted imaging (DWI) and blood oxygen level-dependent (BOLD) MR imaging in the ...
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