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Suri Sana S Department of Psychiatry, Warneford Hospital, Warneford Lane, University of Oxford, Oxford, OX3 7JX, - - 2014
Dementia is one of the major causes of personal, societal and financial dependence in older people and in today's ageing society there is a pressing need for early and accurate markers of cognitive decline. There are several subtypes of dementia but the four most common are Alzheimer's disease, Lewy body dementia, ...
Ferro José M JM Department of Neurosciences, Serviço de Neurologia, Hospital de Santa Maria, Centro Hospitalar Lisboa Norte, University of Lisbon, Av. Prof. Egas Moniz, 1649-035, Lisbon, Portugal, - - 2014
Cerebral venous thrombosis (CVT) is less frequent than ischemic stroke or intracerebral haemorrhage. Its incidence is comparable to that of acute bacterial meningitis in adults. Because of the increased use of magnetic resonance imaging (MR) for investigating patients with acute and subacute headaches and new onset seizures, CVT are now ...
Kuczawski Maxine M ScHARR, University of Sheffield, Sheffield, United - - 2014
Until January 2014, The National Institute of Clinical Excellence (NICE) Head Injury Guidelines (CG56) issued to clinicians advised anticoagulated patients with a head injury should only receive CT imaging if loss of consciousness or amnesia was experienced. These guidelines have recently been updated to advise CT imaging for all anticoagulated ...
Sun Peixin P Department of Neurosurgery, Liaoning Cancer Hospital and Institute, Shenyang, Liaoning 110042, P.R. - - 2014
Gliomatosis cerebri (GC) is a rare glial neoplasm, characterized by extensive diffuse brain infiltration and relative preservation of the underlying architecture. In the present case report, a patient with type 2 GC, which mimicked the clinicoradiological course of acute viral encephalitis, is presented. A 56-year-old male presented with fever, dizziness, ...
Qiao Peng-Fei PF Department of Magentic Resonance Imaging, Affiliated Hospital of Inner Mongolia Medical University, Hohhot, Inner Mongolia 010050, P.R. - - 2014
The morbidity of papillary cystadenocarcinoma of the pancreas is extremely low and the condition is rarely first found as spinal metastases, thus it is often misdiagnosed prior to surgery. The present study reports a case of papillary cystadenocarcinoma with thoracolumbar metastases in a 56-year-old male. The first symptom to occur ...
Sigl Martin M Department of Angiology and Cardiology, Diakonissenkrankenhaus - - 2014
Most patients with peripheral arterial disease suffer from arteriosclerosis, the prevalence of which increases with age. In some of these patients, however, the ischemic symptoms are not caused by stenotic arteriosclerosis, but by large vessel giant cell arteritis (LV-GCA), a disease also predominantly affecting patients of the older generation. Identifying ...
Cruite Irene I Department of Radiology, University of Washington Medical Center, Seattle, - - 2014
In this study, we assess the sensitivity and specificity of ultrasound and computed tomography (CT) for pericardial effusion and constrictive pericarditis. This was a retrospective, institutional review board-approved, and health insurance privacy accountability act compliant study performed at a single tertiary center over a 10-year period (2001-2011) for patients who ...
Mirochnik Brandon D BD From the Department of Radiology, Nassau University Medical Center, 2201 Hempstead Turnpike, East Meadow, NY - - 2014
History A 46-year-old Hispanic man with a medical history of diabetes and hepatitis C and an unclear history of prior infectious disease presented to the emergency department of a community medical center in the northeastern United States with a 3-month history of back pain. The patient was originally from Mexico ...
Shah Bhavya R BR Department of Radiology, Stanford University School of Medicine, Stanford, California USA (B.R.S., J.S., R.B.J., E.W.O.); and Radiology Service, VA Palo Alto Health Care System, Palo Alto, California USA - - 2014
The purpose of this study was to evaluate the type and incidence of disorders revealed by short-interval computed tomography (CT) in patients with suspected appendicitis after graded compression sonography fails to reveal the appendix and shows otherwise normal findings. Computed tomographic findings and clinical courses were assessed retrospectively for 318 ...
Ocazionez Daniel D Department of Radiology, University of Washington, Seattle, - - 2014
Patient safety is a priority for patients undergoing magnetic resonance imaging (MRI). This article reviews MRI safety issues related to devices, pharmacologic stress agents, contrast agents, anesthesia, and external equipment, focusing on cardiothoracic MRI.
Cho Jin Mo JM Department of Neurosurgery, International St. Mary's Hospital, Incheon, Korea. ; Department of Medicine, Graduate School, Yonsei University, Seoul, - - 2014
To achieve maximal safe resection during brain tumor surgery, functional image-merged neuronavigation is widely used. We retrospectively reviewed our cases in which diffusion tensor image (DTI)-merged functional neuronavigation was performed during surgery. Between November 2008 and May 2010, 123 patients underwent surgery utilizing DTI-merged neuronavigation. Anatomical magnetic resonance images (MRI) ...
Higashi Hiroki H Department of Diagnostic Radiology, Kawasaki Medical School, 577 Matsushima, Kurashiki, Okayama, 701-0192, Japan, - - 2014
Hypovolemic shock is often seen in patients with severe blunt trauma who have suffered from blood circulation inadequate to maintain oxygen delivery to multiple organs. The early recognition and prompt management of hypovolemic shock in patients with multiple injuries are mandatory to improving prognosis and patient conditions. The diagnostic accuracy ...
Sahu Dipit D Mumbai Shoulder Institute, Mumbai, India, - - 2014
Subscapularis tendon ruptures, which are small in size, can be missed on CT or MRI imaging and are also difficult to diagnose by arthroscopy. Here we discuss a new sign of biceps tendon, which may point towards rupture of the subscapularis tendon. The biceps tendon may have scuffing, abrasion or ...
Robin Philippe P Nuclear Medicine Department, University Hospital of Brest, 2, avenue Foch, 29609, Brest Cedex, France, - - 2014
Posttreatment follow-up for the recurrence of head and neck squamous cell carcinoma (HNSCC) is a diagnostic challenge. Tissue distortion from radiation and surgery can obscure early detection of recurrence by conventional follow-up approaches such as physical examination or conventional imaging. Fluorodeoxyglucose (FDG) positron emission tomography (PET)/CT is widely validated for ...
Hoffmann R R Center for Medical Physics and Biomedical Engineering, Medical University of Vienna, 1090 Wien, - - 2014
A navigation system for flexible endoscopes equipped with ultrasound (US) scan heads is presented. In contrast to similar systems, abdominal 3D-US is used for image fusion of the pre-interventional computed tomography (CT) to the endoscopic US. A 3D-US scan, tracked with an optical tracking system (OTS), is taken pre-operatively together ...
Lui Yvonne W YW From the Department of Radiology (Y.W.L., D.K., Y.G., R.I.G.), New York University School of Medicine, New York; and Department of Electrical Engineering (Y.X., Y.W.), New York University Polytechnic School of Engineering, Brooklyn. - - 2014
The purpose of this study was to develop an algorithm incorporating MRI metrics to classify patients with mild traumatic brain injury (mTBI) and controls. This was an institutional review board-approved, Health Insurance Portability and Accountability Act-compliant prospective study. We recruited patients with mTBI and healthy controls through the emergency department ...
Radoš Milan - - 2014
The aim of this study is to present the five-year longitudinal magnetic resonance imaging (MRI) follow up of a patient with incidental finding of near-obstruction stenosis of the aqueduct of Sylvius due to a large pineal cyst. The patient was scanned 3 times on a 3T MR device using a ...
Bisdas S S Department of Neuroradiology, Eberhard Karls University, Hoppe-Seyler-Str. 3, 72076, Tübingen, Germany, - - 2014
The efficacy of concomitant chemoradiation in patients with glioblastomas (GBMs) cannot be reliably assessed until several weeks after therapy completion. Our aim was to evaluate dynamic contrast-enhanced magnetic resonance imaging (DCE-MRI) as an early predictive assay for the progression-free-survival. A total of 22 patients with primary GBMs underwent DCE-MRI before, ...
Siemonsen S S From the Department of Diagnostic and Interventional Neuroradiology (S.S., T.A.B.), University Medical Center Hamburg-Eppendorf, Hamburg, Germany; and Department of Diagnostic and Interventional Radiology (C.B., B.H., A.-K.K.-B., J.F.), University Hospital of Würzburg, Würzburg, Germany. - - 2014
The frequency and amount of intracranial, intradural inflammatory vessel wall enhancement in giant cell arteritis remain unclear. The purpose of this work was to prospectively assess the intracranial extent of vasculitic changes in patients with giant cell arteritis using a dedicated MR imaging protocol optimized for assessment of mural changes ...
Sharma Punit P aDepartment of Nuclear Medicine and PET/CT, Eastern Diagnostics India Ltd, Kolkata Departments of bNuclear Medicine cUrology dRadiation Oncology, All India Institute of Medical Sciences, New Delhi, - - 2014
The aim of this study was to evaluate the role of F-fluoride PET/computed tomography (CT) in the detection of bone metastasis in patients with renal cell carcinoma (RCC) and compare the results with fluorine-18 fluorodeoxyglucose (F-FDG) PET/CT and technetium-99m methylene diphosphonate bone scintigraphy (BS) when available. The data of 36 ...
Powell J J Department of Otolaryngology-Head and Neck Surgery,Freeman Hospital,Newcastle upon - - 2014
Background: Isolated olfactory dysfunction is a common complaint; the vast majority of cases are benign and untreatable. A common dilemma is whether to image the olfactory tract of affected patients. Methods: A case review of 100 consecutive patients who underwent magnetic resonance imaging for the primary complaint of olfactory dysfunction ...
Khawaja M Z MZ Cardiovascular Division, King's College, British Heart Foundation Centre of Research Excellence, The Rayne Institute, London, UK Guy's & St Thomas' Hospitals NHS Foundation Trust, London, - - 2014
To identify the effects of preprocedural significant mitral regurgitation (MR) and change in MR severity upon mortality after transcatheter aortic valve implantation (TAVI) using the Edwards SAPIEN system. A retrospective analysis of 316 consecutive patients undergoing TAVI for aortic stenosis at a single centre in the UK between March 2008 ...
Barlinn K K Department of Neurology, Dresden University Stroke Center, University Hospital Dresden, Fetscherstrasse 74, 01307, Dresden, Germany, - - 2014
To prospectively evaluate the prognostic impact of multimodal computed tomography-based imaging in ischemic stroke patients potentially eligible for reperfusion therapy. Anterior circulation stroke patients underwent non-contrast CT (NCCT), CT-angiography, and CT-perfusion within 12 h from symptom-onset. Patients could be treated with intravenous-tissue plasminogen activator (IV-tPA), endovascular or combined reperfusion therapies. Cerebral ...
Demehri Shadpour S From the Russell H. Morgan Department of Radiology and Radiological Science (S.D., G.K.T., J.A.C.) and Department of Orthopaedic Surgery (A.A.W., A.J.C.), Johns Hopkins University School of Medicine, 601 N Caroline St, JHOC 5165, Baltimore, MD 21287; Department of Radiology, Boston University School of Medicine, Boston, Mass (A.K.); and Department of Biomedical Engineering, Akron General Medical Center, Akron, Ohio - - 2014
Purpose To test the hypothesis that in patients with unilateral patellofemoral instability (PI), the contralateral asymptomatic joints have abnormal morphology and imaging features of osteoarthritis (OA) at four-dimensional (4D) computed tomography (CT). Materials and Methods The institutional review board approved this HIPAA-compliant retrospective study. Informed consent was waived. Radiology records ...
Romano Andrea A San Raffaele Foundation Rome, Rehabilitation Facility Ceglie Messapica, Progetto Merit RBNE08E8CZ, Rome, - - 2014
The aim of this study was to verify the sensitivity and specificity of the hyperdense middle cerebral artery sign (HMCAS) obtained by multidetector computed tomography (CT) in predicting acute stroke, using diffusion-weighted (DW) magnetic resonance imaging (MRI) as a reference. The location of the HMCAS, the extension of the ischaemic ...
Mokin Maxim M Department of Neurosurgery, School of Medicine and Biomedical Sciences, University at Buffalo, State University of New York, Buffalo, New York, USA Department of Neurosurgery, Gates Vascular Institute, Kaleida Health, Buffalo, New York, - - 2014
Neurointerventionalists do not agree about the optimal imaging protocol when evaluating patients with acute stroke for potential endovascular revascularization. Preintervention cerebrovascular blood volume (CBV) has been shown to predict outcomes in patients undergoing intra-arterial stroke therapies. To determine whether CBV can predict hemorrhagic transformation and clinical outcomes in patients selected for ...
Ohba Seigo S From the Division of Dentistry and Oral Surgery, Department of Sensory and Locomotor Medicine, Faculty of Medical Sciences, University of Fukui, Fukui, - - 2014
The aim of this study was to compare the efficacy of CT and MRI in evaluating orofacial pain and paresthesia. A total of 96 patients with orofacial pain and/or paresthesia were included in this study. The patients who underwent CT and/or MRI examinations were assessed, and the efficacy of CT ...
Kroiss Alexander A Department of Nuclear Medicine, Innsbruck Medical University, Anichstrasse 35, 6020, Innsbruck, Austria, - - 2014
The aim of this study was to compare the accuracy of (123)I-MIBG SPECT/CT with that of (68)Ga-DOTATOC PET/CT for staging extraadrenal paragangliomas (PGL) using both functional and anatomical images (i.e. combined cross-sectional imaging) as the reference standards. The study included three men and seven women (age range 26 to 73 years) ...
Bucher Andreas M AM Department of Radiology and Radiological Science, Medical University of South Carolina, Charleston, SC, - - 2014
The assessment of patients presenting with symptoms of myocardial ischemia remains one of the most common and challenging clinical scenarios faced by physicians. Current imaging modalities are capable of three-dimensional, functional, and anatomical views of the heart and as such offer a unique contribution to understanding and managing the pathology ...
Stiekema Jurriën J From the Departments of *Surgery, †Nuclear Medicine, ‡Radiation Oncology, §Pathology, and ¶Gastroenterology and Hepatology, The Netherlands Cancer Institute, Amsterdam, the - - 2014
The aim of this study is to evaluate the potential of FDG PET/CT for the detection of interval distant metastases after neoadjuvant chemoradiotherapy (CRT) and the prediction of the pathologic response to CRT in esophageal cancer patients. In this retrospective study, all esophageal cancer patients for whom CRT followed by ...
Bélissant Ophélie O From the Centre René Huguenin, Saint-Cloud, - - 2014
A 60-year-old woman was referred into our department for staging of an endometrial carcinoma. In addition to peritoneal and nodes metastases, F-FDG PET/CT showed a calcified plaque of the right carotid with focal uptake. One month later, the patient presented left hemiparesis, suggesting a right hemisphere stroke. MRI confirmed frontal ...
Elliott James M JM Department of Physical Therapy and Human Movement Sciences, Feinberg School of Medicine, Northwestern University, Chicago, - - 2014
To explore the association between findings on advanced, but available, magnetic resonance imaging (MRI) sequences of the cervical spinal cord and muscular system, in tandem with biomechanical measures of maximum volitional plantar flexion torques as a proxy for a mild incomplete spinal cord injury. Observational case series. University research laboratory. ...
Gregori Tommaso T Department of Clinical Sciences and Services, The Royal Veterinary College, University of London, Hertfordshire AL9 7TA, - - 2014
The CT appearance of canine adrenal masses has been reported, but associations between imaging features and pathologic features of these lesions have not been investigated in detail. The purpose of this study was to test associations between different types of adrenal neoplasia and their CT and pathologic features. A retrospective ...
Kim Ji Heui JH Department of Otolaryngology, Asan Medical Center, University of Ulsan College of Medicine, 88 Olympic-ro 43-gil, Songpa-gu, Seoul 138-736, Republic of - - 2014
This study aimed to assess the prognostic value of gadolinium (Gd)-enhanced magnetic resonance imaging (MRI) in acute invasive fungal rhinosinusitis (AIFRS) and offer recommendations for determining surgical extent based on loss of contrast enhancement (LoCE), which reveals tissue ischemia from fungal invasion. Preoperative and postoperative Gd-enhanced MRI was evaluated in ...
Marshall Olga O Department of Radiology, Center for Biomedical Imaging, New York University School of Medicine, New - - 2014
Cerebrovascular reactivity (CVR) is an inherent indicator of the dilatory capacity of cerebral arterioles for a vasomotor stimulus for maintaining a spontaneous and instant increase of cerebral blood flow (CBF) in response to neural activation. The integrity of this mechanism is essential to preserving healthy neurovascular coupling; however, to our ...
Herwerth Marina M Klinikum rechts der Isar, Department of Neurology and Neuroradiology, Technische Universität München, Munich, Germany - - 2014
We report the case of a 42-year-old woman with a slowly progressive cerebellar syndrome. In contrast to a relatively mild clinical presentation, the magnetic resonance imaging (MRI) showed extensive leukencephalopathy with cystic degeneration. Initially primary progressive multiple sclerosis (PPMS) was suspected. Additional diffusion-weighted imaging revealed restricted diffusion in the white ...
Prosperini Luca L From the MS Center, Department of Neurology and Psychiatry (L.P., F.F., D.F., F.D.A., C.P.), and Neuroradiology Section, Department of Neurology and Psychiatry (N.P., E.S., F.T., E.R., P.P.), S. Andrea Hospital, Sapienza University, Viale dell' Università 30, 00185 Rome, Italy; and IRCCS Neuromed, Pozzilli, Italy - - 2014
Purpose To determine if high-intensity, task-oriented, visual feedback training with a video game balance board (Nintendo Wii) induces significant changes in diffusion-tensor imaging (DTI) parameters of cerebellar connections and other supratentorial associative bundles and if these changes are related to clinical improvement in patients with multiple sclerosis. Materials and Methods ...
Chaukar Devendra D Department of Head and Neck Surgery, Tata Memorial Hospital, Mumbai, - - 2014
To determine the most accurate noninvasive imaging modality for occult metastasis in clinically node-negative necks in oral squamous cell carcinoma from a granulomatous disease endemic region. Prospective, observational study comparing ultrasound (US), contrast enhanced computed tomography (CECT) and positron emission tomography-computed tomography (PET-CT). Level wise assessment of neck nodes with ...
Sagar Pallavi P Department of Radiology, Division of Pediatric Radiology, Massachusetts General Hospital, 34 Fruit St., Ellison 237, Boston, MA, 02114, USA, - - 2014
In the past decade, there has been increased utilization of magnetic resonance imaging (MRI) in evaluating and understanding velopharyngeal insufficiency (VPI). To our knowledge, none of the prior studies with MRI has simultaneously linked the audio recordings of speech during cine MRI acquisition with the corresponding images and created a ...
Stern Myriam D - - 2014
Evaluation of pregnant women with known or suspected Crohn's disease (CD) remains a challenge. Magnetic Resonance Enterography (MRE) is a promising diagnostic tool in these patients; however, the clinical data on MRE utilization in pregnancy is scarce. The aim of the study was to describe the experience with MRE in ...
Schwope Ryan B RB Department of Radiology, San Antonio Military Medical Center, 3551 Roger Brooke Drive, Fort Sam Houston, TX, 78234, USA, - - 2014
The radiologist can encounter benign significant imaging findings on computed tomography that can be incorrectly interpreted as neoplasm. The authors review several benign findings and demonstrate several methods to differentiate these findings from more sinister pathology. It is imperative for the radiologist to be cognizant of and how to correctly ...
Chew Li-Ching LC Department of Rheumatology and Immunology, Singapore General Hospital, Singapore; Duke-NUS Graduate Medical School, Singapore; Yong Loo Lin School of Medicine, National University of Singapore, - - 2014
We studied the usefulness of magnetic resonance imaging (MRI) in detecting subclinical inflammation in patients with asymptomatic RA and tested the hypothesis of interleukin (IL)-18 as a marker of disease activity. Thirteen RA patients with Disease Activity Score of 28 joints (DAS28) < 2.6 were evaluated. The patients underwent clinical evaluation, ...
Frick Nora N Department of Obstetrics and Gynecology, Paracelsus Medical University, Salzburg, - - 2014
Objectives: To assess the inter- and intraobserver reliability of different fetal MRI measurements in cases of fetal brain malformations and to examine the concordance between ultrasonography (US) and MRI findings. Methods: Fetal brain MRIs and US findings of 56 pregnant women were retrieved from the institutional database. Standardized fetal brain ...
Hisahara Shin S Department of Neurology, School of Medicine, Sapporo Medical University, Sapporo 060-8556, Japan. Electronic address: - - 2014
Neurological manifestations are common in patients with decompensated cirrhosis. The majority of these patients show hepatic encephalopathy or chronic acquired (non-Wilsonian) hepatocerebral degeneration (CAHD). They characteristically present with dysarthria, ataxia, involuntary movements, and altered mental status. Neuroradiological examination in patients with hepatic encephalopathy often shows abnormal signals in multiple regions ...
Uretsky Seth S Department of Cardiovascular Medicine, Gagnon Cardiovascular Institute, Morristown Medical Center, 100 Madison Avenue, Morristown, NJ, 07960, USA, - - 2014
We conducted an exploratory analysis to test whether the addition of a CAC scan can increase the applicability of stress-only SPECT-MPI. We studied 162 patients referred for rest/stress SPECT-MPI who underwent a CAC scan. Each scan was interpreted by two readers in stepwise fashion: stress-only images; addition of clinical data; ...
Suh Chong Hyun CH Department of Radiology and Research Institute of Radiology, Asan Medical Center, University of Ulsan College of Medicine, 88 Olympic-ro 43-gil, Songpa-gu, Seoul, 138-736, Korea, - - 2014
The purpose of this article is to provide a comprehensive update on the role of imaging in the diagnosis and management of penile cancer. Imaging plays a major role in the initial assessment, treatment planning, and follow-up of patients with penile carcinoma. MRI helps in assessing the T staging of ...
Kitchin D R DR Department of Radiology, University of Wisconsin, 600 Highland Ave., Madison, WI, 53792, USA, - - 2014
Although the overall prevalence of peptic ulcer disease (PUD) and related hospitalizations are decreasing, the initial presentation of complicated PUD on CT remains common. It, therefore, remains critical for radiologists to recognize the findings of PUD at CT for initial diagnosis. While the CT findings of complicated PUD have been ...
Bayhan Hasan A HA Ophthalmology Department, Faculty of Medicine, Bozok University, Yozgat, - - 2014
To evaluate the choroidal thickness (CT) in pseudoexfoliative (PEX) glaucoma and age-matched healthy subjects using spectral optical coherence tomography (SD-OCT). In this prospective study, 32 eyes of 32 PEX glaucoma patients and 30 eyes of 30 age-matched healthy subjects were enrolled. The CT is measured perpendicularly (from the outer edge ...
Yamanaka Yoshiaki Y Department of Orthopaedic Surgery, School of Medicine, Keio University, 35 Shinanomachi, Shinjuku-ku, Tokyo, 160-8582, - - 2014
Ulnar shortening osteotomy often is indicated for treatment of injuries to the triangular fibrocartilage complex (TFCC). However, the effect of ulnar shortening osteotomy on the changes in shape of the TFCC is unclear. In our study, quantitative evaluations were performed using MRI to clarify the effect of ulnar shortening on ...
Rees Elin M EM University College London, Institute of Neurology, Queen Square, London, - - 2014
The cerebellum has received limited attention in Huntington's disease (HD), despite signs of possible cerebellar dysfunction, including motor incoordination and impaired gait, which are currently attributed to basal ganglia atrophy and disrupted fronto-striatal circuits. This study is the first to investigate a potential contribution of macro- and microstructural cerebellar damage ...
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