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Treglia Giorgio G Department of Nuclear Medicine and PET/CT Center, Oncology Institute of Southern Switzerland, Via Ospedale 12, Bellinzona, 6500 Switzerland. Electronic address: - - 2014
To provide an updated evidence-based review of the literature on the role of fluorine-18-fluorodeoxyglucose positron emission tomography (FDG-PET) or PET/computed tomography (PET/CT) in patients with sarcoidosis. A comprehensive literature search of PubMed/MEDLINE, Scopus, and Embase databases was conducted to find relevant published articles on FDG-PET or PET/CT in patients with ...
Preibsch H H Department of Radiology, Diagnostic and Interventional Radiology, University Hospital Tuebingen, Hoppe-Seyler-Str. 3, 72076, Tuebingen, - - 2014
The aim of this study was to evaluate the accuracy of preoperative magnetic resonance imaging (MRI) in the diagnosis of malformations associated with Mayer-Rokitansky-Küster-Hauser (MRKH) syndrome and identification of uterine endometrium to optimise the clinical management. We retrospectively reviewed 214 consecutive MRKH patients, mean age 19 years, who underwent laparoscopy-assisted neovagina ...
Wattjes Mike P MP Department of Radiology & Nuclear Medicine, MS Center Amsterdam, VU University Medical Center, Amsterdam, The - - 2014
This review describe the role and advancements of MRI in the diagnosis and monitoring of progressive multifocal leukoencephalopathy (PML) in multiple sclerosis patients treated with natalizumab. MRI is the most sensitive paraclinical tool in the detection of PML lesions in natalizumab-treated multiple sclerosis patients, showing lesions in very early disease ...
Ahmed W A WA National Spinal Injuries Centre, Stoke Mandeville Hospital, Aylesbury, - - 2014
Study design:Retrospective case series.Objectives:To evaluate the efficacy of body computed tomography (CT) in spinal cord injury (SCI) patients with sepsis.Setting:Specialist acute care and rehabilitation SCI centre in United Kingdom.Methods:Patients with SCI and suspected or known sepsis, who had CT of the chest, abdomen and pelvis, over a 4-year period, were ...
van der Graaf A W M AW Department of Cardiology, Haga Teaching Hospital, Leyweg 275, 2545 CH, The Hague, the Netherlands, - - 2014
Magnetic resonance imaging (MRI) has evolved into an essential diagnostic modality for the evaluation of all patient categories. This gain in popularity coincided with an increase in the number of implanted cardiac implantable electronic devices (CIEDs). Therefore, questions arose with regard to the MRI compatibility of these devices. Various investigators ...
Osone Akira A Department of Psychiatry and Center for Dementia-Related Diseases, Dokkyo Medical University School of Medicine, Tochigi, Shimotsuga, - - 2014
The present study aimed to investigate whether cognitive reserve (CR), referring here to education and premorbid intelligence (IQ), is associated with the risk for progression from mild cognitive impairment (MCI) to Alzheimer's disease (AD). A total of 51 patients with MCI and 59 patients with AD were prospectively enrolled for ...
Ciudin Alexandru A Hospital Clinic Barcelona, Urology, C/ Villarroel 170, Barcelona, Barcelona, Spain, 08036 ; - - 2014
Objectives: To determine the incidence of CT identifiable Randall plaques in a CT explored population; to determine the clinical relevance of this radiological finding by a 7 years follow-up; to determine a cut-point to identify a population with high risk of developing calcium stone disease (SD). Materials and Methods: Retrospective ...
Vilardell A D AD Department of Nuclear Medicine, Universitat Autònoma de Barcelona, Hospital de la Santa Creu i de Sant Pau, Barcelona, - - 2014
The purpose of this study was to determine the utility of 18F-FDG-PET for evaluating the presence and the extent of malignant peritoneal mesothelioma (MPM), for disease surveillance/recurrence detection and for evaluating response to therapy. We retrospectively analyzed clinical and imaging data of 60 MPM patients (p) (34 women and 26 ...
Burnett Melinda S MS Division of Movement Disorders, Department of Neurology, Mayo Clinic, Rochester, - - 2014
IMPORTANCE Markedly enlarged Virchow-Robin spaces throughout the striatum appear occasionally on magnetic resonance imaging (MRI) scans of the elderly, and this type of striatum is known as the Swiss cheese striatum (SCS); however, its clinical impact is unknown. OBJECTIVE To determine the clinical features associated with SCS detected on MRI ...
Choi Young Hoon YH Department of Internal Medicine, Liver Research Institute, Seoul National University College of Medicine, 101 Daehak-ro Jongno-gu, Seoul, 110-744, Korea, - - 2014
Although colonoscopy verification is warranted after an acute event of diverticulitis to exclude underlying malignancy, little evidence is available to support the recommendations. The aim of this study was to examine whether subsequent colonoscopy is warranted in patients with diverticulitis on computed tomography (CT). The study was composed of patients ...
Takenaka Kento K Department of Gastroenterology and Hepatology, Tokyo Medical and Dental University, Tokyo, Japan; Department of Radiology, Tokyo Medical and Dental University, Tokyo, - - 2014
& Aims: Magnetic resonance (MR) enterography is a recommended imaging technique for detecting intestinal involvement in Crohn's disease (CD). However, the diagnostic accuracy of MR enterograpy has not been compared directly what that of enteroscopy of the jejunum and proximal ileum. We evaluated the usefulness of MR enterocolonography (MREC) by ...
Lee Jong Yeon JY Ophthalmology, Gachon University, 1198 kuwol dong, Incheon, 405-760, Korea (South), Republic - - 2014
Purpose:To investigate lateral geniculate nucleus (LGN) volume of primary open-angle glaucoma (POAG) patients compared with age and gender-matched controls using ultra-high field 7.0T magnetic resonance imaging (MRI). Methods:Methods: The study included 18 patients with POAG and 18 age-, and sex-matched healthy volunteers. All subjects underwent imaging on a high-resolution 7.0-T ...
Mokin Maxim M Department of Neurosurgery and Toshiba Stroke and Vascular Research Center, University at Buffalo, State University of New York, Buffalo, NY; Department of Neurosurgery, Gates Vascular Institute, Kaleida Health, Buffalo, - - 2014
Early recognition of complications during intracranial neuroendovascular interventions is important for medical decision making and prompts administration of life-saving treatments. Low contrast imaging (LCI) provides computed tomographic (CT)-like images of anatomical brain structures, capable of detecting hydrocephalus and intracranial hemorrhage complications. We present our early experience with LCI using the ...
Falahati Farshad F Department of Neurobiology, Care Sciences and Society, Karolinska Institutet, Stockholm, - - 2014
Machine learning algorithms and multivariate data analysis methods have been widely utilized in the field of Alzheimer's disease (AD) research in recent years. Advances in medical imaging and medical image analysis have provided a means to generate and extract valuable neuroimaging information. Automatic classification techniques provide tools to analyze this ...
Preuss Matthias M Department of Neurosurgery, Pediatric Neurosurgery, University Leipzig, Liebigstrasse 20, 04103, Leipzig, Germany, - - 2014
An integrated PET/MRI scanner has been used in selected cases of pediatric brain tumor patients to obtain additional metabolic information about lesions for preoperative biopsy planning and navigation. Four patients, age 9-16 years, received PET/MRI scans employing [(11)C]methionine positron emission tomography (PET) and contrast-enhanced 3D-MR sequences for neuronavigation. PET and MR ...
Sjövall Johanna J Department of ORL-Head and Neck Surgery, Clinical - - 2014
Abstract Conclusion: PET-CT scans seem to be sufficient to rule out residual tumour at the primary site. Patients with positive or equivocal PET findings should be scheduled for endoscopy with biopsy or a second PET-CT scan. Objectives: Assessment of remission at the primary site, in patients treated with organ preservation ...
Schaap Kristel K Division of Environmental Epidemiology, Institute for Risk Assessment Sciences, Utrecht University, , Utrecht, The - - 2014
Limited data is available about incidence of acute transient symptoms associated with occupational exposure to static magnetic stray fields from MRI scanners. We aimed to assess the incidence of these symptoms among healthcare and research staff working with MRI scanners, and their association with static magnetic field exposure. We performed ...
Frontera Jennifer A JA Cleveland Clinic, Cerebrovascular Center of the Neurological Institute, , Cleveland, Ohio, - - 2014
To determine if ischaemia is a mechanism of early brain injury at the time of aneurysm rupture in subarachnoid haemorrhage (SAH) and if early MRI ischaemia correlates with admission clinical status and functional outcome. In a prospective, hypothesis-driven study patients with SAH underwent MRI within 0-3 days of ictus (prior ...
Song Lu-Xi LX aDepartment of Hematology, Shanghai No.6 People's Hospital affiliated to Shanghai Jiaotong University bHematology Section, Shanghai Yangpu District Central Hospital, Shanghai, PR China *L.S. and H.L. contributed equally to the writing of this article and share first - - 2014
Cerebral venous and sinus thrombosis is a rare cerebrovascular disorder, which seldom represents a complication of acute promyelocytic leukemia (APL). As a part of the coagulopathy of APL, thrombosis is a less recognized and underestimated life-threatening manifestation and is overshadowed by the more obvious bleeding complications. Here, we described a ...
Escorihuela-García Vicente V Servicio de Otorrinolaringología, Hospital Clínico Universitario de Valencia, Universidad de Valencia, Valencia, España. Electronic address: - - 2014
The acoustic neuroma is a benign tumour that originates in the vestibular branch of the eighth cranial nerve. The main treatment is surgery, but many authors suggest that with elderly patients or in small neuromas we can opt for watchful waiting. This was a retrospective study from 2007 to 2013 ...
Matias-Guiu Jordi A JA Department of Neurology, Hospital Clinico San Carlos, Health Research Institute 'San Carlos' (IdISCC), Universidad Complutense de Madrid, Madrid, - - 2014
Background: New consensus criteria have been proposed to classify primary progressive aphasia (PPA) into three variants: agrammatic, semantic, and logopenic. Some studies have subsequently addressed the usefulness of these criteria, with controversial results. We aimed to determine the correlation between the clinical diagnosis according to the new criteria and brain ...
Monn M Francesca MF Indiana University School of Medicine, Urology, Indiana Cancer Pavilion, 535 N Barnhill Dr. Suite 150, Indianapolis, Indiana, United States, 46202, 3178475647 ; - - 2014
Purpose: R.E.N.A.L. Nephrometry Scores (NS) is an imaging-based (CT/MRI) scoring system commonly used by urologists to standardize the reporting of renal masses by enabling quantification of anatomical characteristics. We sought to examine the inter-rater correlation of NS between urologists, radiologists, and tumor-board collaborators. Methods: We identified adult patients undergoing partial ...
Asmar Ali A Department of Cardiology, Odense University Hospital, Sdr Boulevard 29, 5000  Odense C, - - 2014
The purpose of this study was to assess the clinical importance of (18)F-FDG-PET/CT used in the extra cardiac work-up of patients with infective endocarditis (IE). IE is a serious condition with a significant mortality. Besides the degree of valvular involvement, the prognosis relies crucially on the presence of systemic infectious ...
de Araújo Gonçalves Pedro P Hospital de Santa Cruz, CHLO, Lisbon, - - 2014
In recent years, coronary CT angiography (CCTA) has become a widely adopted technique, not only due to its high diagnostic accuracy, but also to the fact that CCTA provides a comprehensive evaluation of the total (obstructive and non-obstructive) coronary atherosclerotic burden. More recently, this technique has become mature, with a ...
Wattjes Mike P MP Department of Radiology, MS Center Amsterdam, Nuclear Medicine and PET Research, VU University Medical Center, De Boelelaan 1117, 1081 HV, Amsterdam, The Netherlands, - - 2014
The diagnosis of natalizumab-associated progressive multifocal leukoencephalopathy (PML) in multiple sclerosis patients in an asymptomatic stage is crucial since it is associated with better clinical outcome measures. Current diagnostic criteria on PML diagnosis in asymptomatic patients require the detection of JC virus and corresponding imaging findings. Magnetic resonance imaging (MRI) ...
Hojjati Mohammad R MR Department of Cardiology, Texas Heart Institute, Houston, TX, - - 2014
Vasodilator first-pass stress cardiac magnetic resonance perfusion imaging [stress cardiac magnetic resonance (CMR)] is a reliable, noninvasive method for evaluating myocardial ischemia; however, it does not routinely evaluate metrics such as wall-motion abnormality (WMA) and transient ischemic dilation (TID). Using the new selective A2A adenosine receptor agonist regadenoson, we tested ...
Cohen Jonah J Division of Gastroenterology, Center for Advanced Endoscopy, Beth Israel Deaconess Medical Center, Harvard Medical School, 330 Brookline Ave, Boston, MA, 02215, - - 2014
Simultaneous dilatation of the common bile duct and pancreatic duct, "double-duct sign" (DDS), is an ominous finding concerning for pancreaticobiliary malignancy. Little evidence exists to guide the initial evaluation and subsequent follow-up for patients with DDS in the absence of jaundice or focal mass noted on computed tomography (CT)/ magnetic ...
Madden Nicholas A NA Children's Mercy Hospitals and Clinics, Kansas City, - - 2014
Incidence of stroke in sickle cell disease (SCD) has declined with the use of transcranial Doppler ultrasound and chronic transfusion therapy. There is little information regarding their use in genotypes other than HbSS and HbSβ. Silent cerebral infarcts (SCIs) have been identified by magnetic resonance imaging (MRI) in SCD patients ...
Khiewvan Benjapa B Department of Nuclear Medicine, University of Texas MD Anderson Cancer Center, P.O. Box 301402, Unit 1483,1515 Holcombe Blvd., Houston, TX, 77230-1402, - - 2014
Our objective was to determine how positron emission tomography (PET)/CT had been used in the clinical treatment of malignant peripheral nerve sheath tumor (MPNST) patients at The University of Texas MD Anderson Cancer Center. We reviewed a database of MPNST patients referred to MD Anderson Cancer Center during 1995-2011. We ...
Mordi Ify I British Heart Foundation Glasgow Cardiovascular Research Centre, Institute of Cardiovascular and Medical Sciences, University of Glasgow, Glasgow, United - - 2014
We aimed to compare dobutamine stress cardiac magnetic resonance (DSCMR) with dobutamine stress echocardiography (DSE) in patients with left bundle branch block (LBBB) and suspected coronary artery disease (CAD). Noninvasive diagnosis of CAD in patients with pre-existent LBBB is difficult because single-photon emission computed tomography and stress echocardiography both have limitations. ...
Mishra Nishant K NK From the Department of Neurology, Stanford Stroke Center, Palo Alto, CA (N.K.M., G.W.A., S.C., S.H., M.S., J.T.P.L., S.K., M. Mlynash, R.B., M.G.L.); and Department of Radiology, Stanford University Medical Center, Palo Alto, CA (M. Marks, - - 2014
The Diffusion and Perfusion Imaging Evaluation for Understanding Stroke Evolution 2 (DEFUSE 2) study has shown that clinical response to endovascular reperfusion differs between patients with and without perfusion-diffusion (perfusion-weighted imaging-diffusion-weighted imaging, PWI-DWI) mismatch: patients with mismatch have a favorable clinical response to reperfusion, whereas patients without mismatch do not. ...
Bata Sonny C SC Department of Critical Care Medicine, Women's and Children's Hospital, Adelaide, South Australia, - - 2014
Paediatric traumatic brain injuries (TBI) remain a leading cause of morbidity and mortality in Australia. There are clear guidelines on head imaging for children with TBI, but there is conflicting evidence on the role of routine repeat head computed tomography (CT) scan. This study aims to determine whether routine repeat ...
Romero Miriam M Department of Radiology, Keck School of Medicine, University of Southern California, Los Angeles, CA, - - 2014
Acute liver failure (ALF) is characterized by sudden liver injury without underlying chronic liver disease. Excluding underlying cirrhosis in these patients is often difficult and liver biopsy may be impractical. We review the imaging appearance of acute hepatic failure in patients who underwent transplant and correlate these findings with clinical, ...
Rajeswaran G G Department of Radiology, Chelsea and Westminster Hospital NHS Foundation Trust, 369 Fulham Road, London, SW10 9NH, England, UK, - - 2014
To evaluate the MRI findings in the lumbar spines of asymptomatic elite junior tennis players. The lumbar spine MRI studies of 98 asymptomatic junior elite tennis players (51 male, 47 female) with a mean age of 18 years (age range 11.2-26.3 years; standard deviation 3.1) was reviewed by two consultant musculoskeletal radiologists ...
Simonsen Claus Z CZ Department of Neurology, Aarhus University Hospital, Aarhus, - - 2014
Intraarterial therapy (IAT) in acute ischemic stroke is effective for opening occlusions of major extracranial or intracranial vessels. Clinical efficacy data are lacking pointing to a need for proper patient selection. We examined feasibility, clinical impact, and safety profile of magnetic resonance imaging (MRI) for patient selection before IAT. In ...
Idilman Ilkay S IS Liver Imaging Team, Hacettepe University, School of Medicine, Department of Radiology, Ankara University, Faculty of Medicine , Ankara , - - 2014
Abstract Objective. To determine the utility of sequential MRI-estimated proton density fat fraction (MRI-PDFF) for quantification of the longitudinal changes in liver fat content in individuals with nonalcoholic fatty liver disease (NAFLD). Methods. A total of 18 consecutive individuals (M/F: 10/8, mean age: 47.7 ± 9.8 years) diagnosed with NAFLD, ...
Canale S S Service de radiologie diagnostique, Institut Gustave-Roussy, 114, rue Edouard-Vaillant, 94805 Villejuif, France. Electronic address: - - 2014
Whole body MRI provides excellent contrast resolution imaging and is an interesting alternative to nuclear medicine examinations in paediatric oncology because it does not involve exposure to radiation. This technique, now feasible in clinical practice, helps to evaluate metastatic spread and response to treatment, which are of great prognostic interest. ...
Wang Yuexiang Y Biomechanics Laboratory, Division of Orthopedic Research, Mayo Clinic, 200 1st St SW, Rochester, MN 55905; Tendon and Soft Tissue Biology Laboratory, Division of Orthopedic Research, Mayo Clinic, Rochester, - - 2014
Carpal tunnel syndrome (CTS) is the most common peripheral nerve entrapment syndrome. Strong pinch or grip with wrist flexion has been considered a risk factor for CTS. Studying median nerve displacement during wrist movements may provide useful information about median nerve kinematic changes in patients with CTS. The purpose of ...
Cazzola D D University of Bath, Bath, United - - 2014
The Rugby Union scrum has evolved into a highly dynamic activity, particularly during engagement. Although catastrophic spinal injuries in rugby are extremely rare, approximately 40% of these are associated with the scrum. Repeated scrum engagement may also contribute to premature chronic degeneration of the cervical spine in rugby players. To ...
Annborn M M Department of Intensive and Perioperative Care, Skåne University Hospital, Lund University, Lund, - - 2014
Further characterization of the post-cardiac arrest syndrome (PCAS) is essential to better understand the mechanisms resulting in injury and death. We investigated serial serum concentrations of the stress hormone c-terminal provasopressin (CT-proAVP or copeptin), the cardiac biomarker MR-proANP and a biomarker of oxidation injury, Peroxiredoxin 4 (Prx4) in patients treated ...
Keyzer Caroline C 1 Department of Radiology, Hôpital Erasme, Université libre de Bruxelles, Rte de Lennik 808, 1070 Brussels, - - 2014
OBJECTIVE. The purpose of this study was to describe the unenhanced CT appearance of the appendix in adults with cystic fibrosis. SUBJECTS AND METHODS. Among adults with cystic fibrosis undergoing follow-up at our hospital, 71 patients (35 women, 36 men; mean age, 33 years; range, 18-59 years) without a history ...
Porter Erin G EG Diagnostic Imaging, Department of Small Animal Clinical Sciences, University of Florida, PO Box 100126, Gainesville, FL 32610, USA. Electronic address: - - 2014
This article addresses the clinical application of magnetic resonance imaging (MRI) and computed tomography (CT) as applied to the standing equine patient. This discussion includes the logistics, advantages, disadvantages, and limitations of imaging a standing horse. In addition, a brief review is given of the physics of these modalities as ...
Caers Jo J - - 2014
Multiple myeloma is the second most common hematologic malignancy and occurs most commonly in elderly patients. Almost all multiple myeloma patients develop bone lesions in the course of their disease or have evidence of bone loss at initial diagnosis. Whole-body conventional radiography remains the gold standard in the diagnostic evaluation, ...
Choudhary Arabinda K AK Department of Radiology, Nemours A.I. DuPont Children Hospital, 1600 Rockland Road, Wilmington, DE, 19803, USA, - - 2014
Spinal imaging has been a neglected part of abusive head trauma (AHT) imaging. As most of the radiographs and CT spine are negative in AHT in infants, the cervical spine is assumed to be normal. There is increasing evidence in the role of injury to brainstem and cervical cord in ...
Fujikawa H H Department of Gastrointestinal Surgery, Kanagawa Cancer Center, Yokohama, - - 2014
T1 gastric cancer can be diagnosed only by endoscopy and is almost curable by local treatment. It has been unclear how a multidetector-row computed tomography (CT) evaluation is valuable for clinical T1 patients. Patients with clinical T1 disease, as diagnosed by endoscopy and treated with endoscopic submucosal dissection (ESD) or ...
Elias Matthew D MD From the Divisions of *General Pediatrics and †Neurology, The Children's Hospital of Philadelphia, Philadelphia, - - 2014
Meningoencephalitis and acute disseminated encephalomyelitis (ADEM) are both neurological disease processes, but there have been few cases of meningoencephalitis progressing to ADEM in the pediatric population. A case of a 4-year-old girl with an initial diagnosis of meningoencephalitis is presented here, whose initial presentation was manifested by prolonged fever, gray ...
Nissen Carl W CW Elite Sports Medicine, 399 Farmington Ave, Farmington, CT 06032, USA; Department of Orthopaedics, University of Connecticut, 263 Farmington Avenue, Farmington, CT 06030, USA. Electronic address: - - 2014
Osteochondritis dissecans affects the elbow of many young, skeletally immature athletes. The incidence of OCD in the elbow is second to its occurrence in the knee and similar to the incidence in the ankle. Young, athletically active individuals are at increased risk for developing this problem. There is a predilection ...
Thelen Mark D MD US Army-Baylor University Doctoral Program in Physical Therapy, US Army Medical Department Center and School, Fort Sam Houston, - - 2014
Cervical myelopathy, especially during the early stages of the disorder, is very difficult to diagnose. It has the ability to mimic a number of other neurologic and musculoskeletal conditions, resulting in prolonged diagnostic delay in some cases. Excessive delay can result in permanent paralysis, gait, and genitourinary dysfunction. While most ...
Rysz M M Department of Descriptive and Clinical Anatomy, Center of Biostructure Research, Medical University of Warsaw, Warsaw, Poland; Head and Neck Cancer Department, Memorial Cancer Center, Warsaw, Poland. Electronic address: - - 2014
Knowledge of the anatomical course of the anterior maxillary wall and alveolar process arteries is essential for sinus lift procedures. The aim of this study was to analyse the localization of anastomoses between the infraorbital and posterior superior alveolar artery on 101 computed tomography (CT) scans of maxillary sinuses (patients ...
Kannivelu Anbalagan A Department of Diagnostic Radiology, Khoo Teck Puat Hospital, Singapore, - - 2014
Osseous metastatic disease from malignancy is a common occurrence with significant patient morbidity and mortality as well as increasing health care expenditures. Patient management plans frequently change with the identification of skeletal metastasis and the upstaging of disease status. Bone scintigraphy remains the current mainstay of diagnostic imaging procedures in ...
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