Search Results
Results 301 - 350 of 1314
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Bittersohl Bernd - - 2010
The purpose of this study was to investigate whether T1-mapping of hip joint with intra-articular delayed gadolinium-enhanced magnetic resonance imaging (MRI) of cartilage (ia-dGEMRIC) is comparable to the already established intravenous (iv)-technique for assessing different grades of cartilage degeneration. The study cohort consisted of 53 patients with symptomatic femoroacetabular impingement ...
Kijowski Richard - - 2010
MRI is commonly used to evaluate the articular cartilage of the knee and hip joints in clinical practice. This article will discuss the advantages and limitations of currently available MRI techniques for evaluating articular cartilage. Because of its high spatial resolution, multiplanar capability, and excellent tissue contrast, MRI is the ...
Le Corroller Thomas - - 2010
A 30-year-old man presented with a painful intraarticular lesion in the knee, clinically simulating osteoid osteoma. Pretherapeutic imaging disclosed a focal articular cartilage defect located in the medial femoral condyle and surrounded by extensive bone marrow edema. The defect was inaccessible for arthroscopic treatment because of its unusual posterosuperior location. ...
Miese Falk R - - 2010
To evaluate the feasibility of delayed gadolinium-enhanced magnetic resonance (MR) imaging of the cartilage of metacarpophalangeal (MCP) joints in patients with rheumatoid arthritis (RA) compared with that in control subjects. Institutional review board approval and informed consent were obtained. Thirty-one MCP joints in 10 patients with RA (mean age, 59 ...
Battaglia M - - 2011
Bone marrow derived cell transplantation (BMDCT) has been recently suggested as a possible surgical technique to repair osteochondral lesions. To date, no qualitative MRI studies have evaluated its efficacy. The aim of our study is to investigate the validity of MRI T2-mapping sequence in characterizing the reparative tissue obtained and ...
Tsakoniti Aikaterini E - - 2011
The purpose of the present study was to investigate whether an increased quadriceps angle (Q-angle) has an effect on patellar positioning and/or the thickness of the medial and lateral tibiofemoral and patellofemoral articular cartilage and menisci, in a group of young asymptomatic individuals. These individuals were detected in a previous ...
Trattnig Siegfried - - 2010
PURPOSE: To evaluate the feasibility of sodium 7-T magnetic resonance (MR) imaging in repaired tissue and native cartilage of patients after matrix-associated autologous chondrocyte transplantation (MACT) and compare results with delayed gadolinium-enhanced MR imaging of cartilage (dGEMRIC) at 3 T. MATERIALS AND METHODS: Ethical approval was provided by the local ...
Zarins Z A ZA Musculoskeletal and Quantitative Imaging Research Group, Department of Radiology and Biomedical Imaging, University of California, San Francisco, CA 94158, - - 2010
The purpose of this study was to evaluate meniscal degeneration in healthy subjects and subjects with osteoarthritis (OA) using T(1ρ) and T(2) measurements and to examine the interrelationship between cartilage and meniscus abnormalities. Quantitative assessment of cartilage and meniscus was performed using 3T Magnetic Resonance Imaging (MRI) with a T(1ρ) ...
Castro Carlos A CA Pittsburgh Development Center, University of Pittsburgh School of Medicine, Pittsburgh, PA, USA. - - 2010
Teratoma formation in xenografts is a sufficiently stringent pluripotency assay for stem cells. However, little is known about the composition and spatial relationships of tissues within teratomas that may provide clues about development and platforms for studying organ development. Additionally, teratoma formation and analysis lack standards for reporting as assays ...
Amoodi Hosam - - 2010
A retrospective analysis of 35 skull base patients with no history of eustachian tube dysfunction who had magnetic resonance imaging at our institution between 2006 and 2007 was conducted. The fat pad of Ostmann surface area, the eustachian tube medial cartilage, and the tensor veli palatini muscle surface area were ...
Lee Kyung Tai - - 2010
No reported postoperative evaluation method is accurately correlated with the clinical outcome of repaired cartilage after autologous chondrocyte implantation. This study investigated the correlation of follow-up magnetic resonance imaging (MRI) evaluation and arthroscopic findings to the clinical outcome of surgically repaired osteochondral lesion of the talus with autologous chondrocyte implantation ...
Stephens Tausha - - 2011
Many patterns of cartilage signal anomalies have been described in the knee since the advent of magnetic resonance imaging (MRI). With the now widespread use of preoperative MRI, some of these anomalies have proven to represent true pathology, while others have been shown to be normal variants or artifacts at ...
Luke Anthony C - - 2010
There is continuing controversy whether long-distance running results in irreversible articular cartilage damage. New quantitative magnetic resonance imaging (MRI) techniques used at 3.0 T have been developed including T1rho (T1ρ) and T2 relaxation time measurements that detect early cartilage proteoglycan and collagen breakdown. Marathon runners will demonstrate T1ρ and T2 ...
Figueroa David - - 2011
The purpose of this study was to evaluate clinical, functional and imaging results of full thickness patella cartilage lesions treated with osteochondral autografts (OCA). We studied a consecutive case series of 10 patients. At follow-up, Lysholm and International Knee Documentation Committee (IKDC) scores were obtained. Magnetic resonance imaging (MRI) evaluation ...
Apprich S - - 2010
The aim of the study was to investigate the association of T2 relaxation times of the knee with early degenerative cartilage changes. Furthermore the impact of unloading the knee on T2 values was evaluated. Forty-three patients with knee pain and an ICRS (International Cartilage Repair Society) cartilage defect grade <or=2 ...
Algin Oktay - - 2010
Accurate assessment of the morphology of sacroiliac joint (SIJ) bone cortex and cartilage bears importance in terms of detecting sacroiliitis in its earliest period. The aim of this study was to evaluate the efficacies of fat-saturated T1-weighted (T1WFS) spin-echo, three-dimensional (3D)-fast low angle shot (3D-FLASH), and 3D-double excitation in the ...
- - 2010
THE magnetic resonance marketplace can be overwhelming. With the constant stream of new systems and features (and the myriad of vendor-specific names), the task of finding the right system may leave you scratching your head. We'll tell you which capabilities really make a difference, which ones don't, and which products ...
Chen Christina A CA Department of Radiology, Stanford University, Stanford, California, - - 2010
To compare six new three-dimensional (3D) magnetic resonance (MR) methods for evaluating knee cartilage at 3.0T. We compared: fast-spin-echo cube (FSE-Cube), vastly undersampled isotropic projection reconstruction balanced steady-state free precession (VIPR-bSSFP), iterative decomposition of water and fat with echo asymmetry and least-squares estimation combined with spoiled gradient echo (IDEAL-SPGR) and ...
Miyata Shogo - - 2010
Applying tissue-engineered cartilage in a clinical setting requires noninvasive evaluation to detect the maturity of the cartilage. Magnetic resonance imaging (MRI) of articular cartilage has been widely accepted and applied clinically in recent years. In this study, we evaluated the negative fixed-charge density (nFCD) of tissue-engineered cartilage using gadolinium-enhanced MRI ...
Duryea Jeffrey - - 2010
Magnetic resonance imaging (MRI) and radiography are established imaging modalities for the assessment of knee osteoarthritis (OA). The objective of our study was to compare the responsiveness of radiographic joint space width (JSW) with MRI-derived measures of cartilage morphometry for OA progression in participants from the Osteoarthritis Initiative (OAI). This ...
Coan Paola - - 2010
OBJECTIVES: Early research in phase-contrast imaging indicates that substantial higher soft-tissue contrast resolution can be obtained compared with conventional absorption radiography. In the present feasibility study, we used the phase contrast analyzer-based technique in tomographic mode to investigate whether structural cartilage matrix properties can be depicted in an ex vivo ...
Kulmala K A M - - 2010
In contrast enhanced magnetic resonance imaging (MRI) and computed tomography (CT), the equilibrium distribution of anionic contrast agent is expected to reflect the fixed charged density (FCD) of articular cartilage. Diffusion is mainly responsible for the transport of contrast agents into cartilage. In osteoarthritis, cartilage composition changes at early stages ...
Oni David Babajide - - 2011
The discoid meniscus is known to affect the morphology and mechanics of the knee compartment in which it is housed. To determine whether it also is determinative of the articular cartilage thickness, measurements were made on MR images. There was no statistically significant difference in femoral or tibial articular cartilage ...
Crema Michel D - - 2010
To assess the association of prevalent bone marrow edema-like lesions (BMLs) and full-thickness cartilage loss with incident subchondral cyst-like lesions (SCs) in the knee to evaluate the bone contusion versus synovial fluid intrusion theories of SC formation. The Multicenter Osteoarthritis study is a longitudinal study of individuals who have or ...
Kim Minwook M Hospital for Special Surgery, New York, NY, - - 2010
Evaluation of the morphology and matrix composition of repair cartilage is a critical step toward understanding the natural history of cartilage repair and efficacy of potential therapeutics. In the current study, short-term articular cartilage repair (3 and 6 weeks) was evaluated in a rabbit osteochondral defect model treated with thrombin ...
Spannow A H - - 2011
In juvenile idiopathic arthritis (JIA), proliferative changes in the synovium and synovial fluid accumulation are pathological findings responsible for damage to the cartilaginous tissue and periarticular bone, which are late radiographic findings in conventional radiography. Early detection of these joint changes would allow the clinicians to initiate relevant therapies as ...
Oneto José M Mejía - - 2010
A man sustained a left knee injury which led to full-thickness chondral defects of the trochlear groove and lateral femoral condyle. Both areas were treated with microfractures and evaluated at 5 months and 2 years with standard MRI scans, T2 relaxation maps, and arthroscopy. At 5-months post-microfracture repair, the patient ...
Goebel Jean C - - 2010
To assess OA-related changes in mean compartmental femorotibial cartilage thickness in rat knees by three-dimensional (3D) MRI (7T). MRI was performed in vivo at 7T on OA and untouched contralateral knee joints. Gradient Echo Fast Imaging 3D MR images were acquired sequentially in surgically induced OA (D0) in 40 Wistar ...
McQueen Fiona - - 2010
OBJECTIVES: To develop and test an MRI cartilage scoring system for use at the wrist in rheumatoid arthritis (RA). METHODS: MRI scans were obtained using a 3T MRI scanner with dedicated wrist coil in 22 early and 16 established RA patients plus 22 controls. Axial and coronal T1-weighted (precontrast and ...
Li Weiguo W Department of Bioengineering, University of Illinois at Chicago, Chicago, Illinois, - - 2010
The goal of the present investigation was to test whether quantitative magnetization transfer imaging can be used as a noninvasive evaluation method for engineered cartilage. In this work, we used magnetic resonance imaging (MRI) to monitor the chondrogenesis of stem-cell-based engineered tissue over a 3-week period by measuring on a ...
Kon E - - 2011
To evaluate the clinical outcome of hyaluronan-based arthroscopic autologous chondrocyte transplantation at a minimum of 5 years of follow-up and to correlate it with the MRI evaluation parameters. Fifty consecutive patients were included in the study and evaluated clinically using the Cartilage Standard Evaluation Form as proposed by ICRS and ...
Olive Julien - - 2010
The suitability of low-field magnetic resonance (MR) imaging for assessment of articular cartilage has been questioned, based on insufficient image quality. The purposes of this study were to describe the MR anatomy of the normal distal interphalangeal (DIP) cartilage, and to evaluate the sensitivity and accuracy of low-field MR imaging ...
Allen Bryce C - - 2010
To prospectively quantify the accuracy of hip cartilage thickness estimated from three-dimensional (3D) surfaces, generated by segmenting multidetector computed tomographic (CT) arthrograms by using direct physical measurements of cartilage thickness as the reference standard. Four fresh-frozen cadaver hip joints from two male donors, ages 43 and 46 years, were obtained; ...
Witschey Walter R T WR Biochemistry and Molecular Biophysics Graduate Group, University of Pennsylvania, Philadelphia, Pennsylvania 19104, USA. - - 2010
Nine asymptomatic subjects and six patients underwent T(1)rho MRI to determine whether Outerbridge grade 1 or 2 cartilage degeneration observed during arthroscopy could be detected noninvasively. MRI was performed 2-3 months postarthroscopy, using sagittal T(1)-weighted and axial and coronal T(1)rho MRI, from which spatial T(1)rho relaxation maps were calculated from ...
Lee So Yeon SY Department of Radiology, Seoul St Mary's Hospital, Catholic University of Korea, Seoul, - - 2010
Fat-suppressed (FS) proton density (PD)-weighted magnetic resonance imaging (MRI) and FS three-dimensional (3D) gradient-echo imaging such as spoiled gradient-recalled (SPGR) sequence have been established as accurate methods for detecting articular cartilage defects. To retrospectively compare the diagnostic efficacy between FS PD-weighted and FS 3D gradient-echo MRI for differentiating between grade ...
Crijns C P - - 2010
A 5-year-old Rheinlander gelding was evaluated for left hindlimb stifle lameness. The lameness was localised to the stifle, but source of the lameness was not specifically diagnosed from the physical, radiographic and ultrasonographic examinations. Computed tomography (CT) and CT arthrography were therefore used for further investigation since these imaging techniques ...
Hao Da-Peng - - 2010
BACKGROUND: Conventional magnetic resonance imaging (MRI) has been demonstrated to be a valuable tool in diagnosing osteochondral lesions of the talus. No previous study, to our knowledge, has evaluated the diagnostic ability of fat-suppressed fast spoiled gradient-echo (FSPGR) MRI in osteochondral lesions of the talus. We sought to compare three-dimensional ...
Olive Julien - - 2010
We compared the ability of 1.5 T magnetic resonance imaging (MRI), computed tomography (CT), and computed radiography (CR) to evaluate noncartilaginous structures of the equine metacarpophalangeal joint (MCP), and the association of imaging changes with gross cartilage damage in the context of osteoarthritis. Four CR projections, helical single-slice CT, and ...
Chu Constance R CR Cartilage Restoration Center, University of Pittsburgh, Pittsburgh, Pennsylvania 15213, USA. - - 2010
Quantitative and nondestructive methods for clinical diagnosis and staging of articular cartilage degeneration are important to the evaluation of potential disease-modifying treatments in osteoarthritis (OA). Optical coherence tomography (OCT) is a novel imaging technology that can generate microscopic-resolution cross-sectional images of articular cartilage in near real-time. This study tested the ...
Min Kyoung Ah - - 2010
In this study, magnetic iron oxide nanoparticles coated with heparin (Hep-MION) were synthesized and the transcellular transport of the nanoparticles across epithelial cell monolayers on porous polyester membranes was investigated. An externally applied magnetic field facilitated the transport of the Hep-MION across cell monolayers. However, high Hep-MION concentrations led to ...
Hayes Meredith L - - 2010
The purpose of this study was primarily to assess the diagnostic performance of magnetic resonance imaging (MRI) in detecting articular cartilage injuries in patients with glenohumeral instability. A secondary purpose was to assess the diagnostic performance of MRI for detection of Hill-Sachs and Bankart lesions. A cohort of 87 consecutive ...
Bernard Stephanie A - - 2010
To validate a technique for reproducible measurement of the osteochondroma cartilage cap with computed tomography (CT) and magnetic resonance (MR) imaging and to reevaluate the correlation of the thickness of the cartilage cap with pathologic findings to improve noninvasive differentiation of benign osteochondromas from secondary chondrosarcomas. The institutional review board ...
Beitler Jonathan J - - 2010
PURPOSE: The indications for upfront laryngectomy in the management of laryngeal cancer are a functionless larynx and extralaryngeal extension. Practically, clinicians rely on imaging to predict which patients will have T4 disease. Our goal was to review the accuracy of preoperative computed tomography (CT) scanning in determining the necessity for ...
Koff Matthew F - - 2010
Different methods have been used to cross-validate cartilage thickness measurements from magnetic resonance images (MRIs); however, a majority of these methods rely on interpolated data points, regional mean and/or maximal thickness, or surface mean thickness for data analysis. Furthermore, the accuracy of MRI cartilage thickness measurements from commercially available software ...
Williams T G - - 2010
We describe the application of a novel analysis method that provides detailed maps of changes in cartilage thickness measured from MRI scans for individuals and cohorts of patients together with regional measures. A cohort of osteoarthritis patients was imaged using a 1.0 T MR scanner over a 36-month period. Hyaline ...
Yonetani Yasukazu - - 2010
PURPOSE: The purpose was to evaluate the effect of fixation of detached free fragments of osteochondritis dissecans (OCD) (International Cartilage Repair Society OCD IV) on not only the clinical outcome, including functional and radiographic assessment, but also postoperative second-look arthroscopic and histologic evaluation. METHODS: Nine International Cartilage Repair Society OCD ...
Domayer Stephan E - - 2010
PURPOSE: To demonstrate the feasibility of delayed gadolinium-enhanced magnetic resonance imaging (MRI) of cartilage (dGEMRIC) in the ankle at 3 T and to obtain preliminary data on matrix associated autologous chondrocyte (MACI) repair tissue. MATERIALS AND METHODS: A 3D dual flip angle sequence was used with an eight-channel multipurpose coil ...
Hong Suk-Joo - - 2010
The aim of our study was to analyze the imaging findings of femoroacetabular impingement (FAI). Eight consecutive patients [age range, 19-46 years (mean, 28.6 years); M/F ratio=7:1] who underwent operation for FAI were analyzed. We analyzed bump, acetabular retroversion and protrusion, and osteoarthritis in the radiographs. In MR arthrography, we ...
Zhao Jian J Musculoskeletal and Quantitative Imaging Research Group, Department of Radiology and Biomedical Imaging, University of California, San Francisco, San Francisco, CA 94107, - - 2010
To quantitatively assess the relationship between bone marrow edema-like lesions (BMELs) and the associated cartilage in knee osteoarthritis (OA) using T(1rho) quantification at 3 T MRI. Twenty-four patients with knee OA and 14 control subjects underwent 3 T MRI. Nineteen patients and all control subjects had 1-year follow-up studies. The ...
Olive Julien - - 2010
The purpose was to evaluate the capacity of 1.5 T magnetic resonance (MR) imaging to assess articular cartilage in racehorses with naturally occurring metacarpophalangeal joint osteoarthritis. A sagittal, three-dimensional spoiled gradient-recalled echo (SPGR) with fat saturation (FS) sequence was acquired ex vivo on 20 joints. Following joint dissection, specific areas ...
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