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Fitzharris L E LE Langford House Equine Hospital, University of Bristol, - - 2014
There is very limited published information on the prevalence and significance of abnormal breathing patterns adopted during canter/gallop. The aim of this study was to report the prevalence of abnormal breathing patterns during canter/gallop and to investigate whether these may be associated with dynamic upper respiratory tract obstructions. Retrospective analysis ...
Preston S A SA Department of Veterinary Science, Maxwell H. Gluck Equine Research Center, Equine Soundness and Sports Medicine Program, University of Kentucky, Lexington, Kentucky 40546 - - 2014
Exercise Induced Pulmonary Haemorrhage (EIPH) is reported as a performance limiting condition in racehorses yet few longitudinal studies characterising EIPH have been reported. To characterise EIPH during training and racing in the absence of prophylactic medication with furosemide among horses imported to Hong Kong during 2007-2012. Retrospective descriptive study of ...
Go Li-Mei - - 2014
Various head and neck positions in sport horses are significant as they can interfere with upper airway flow mechanics during exercise. Until now, research has focused on subjectively described head and neck positions. The objective of this study was to develop an objective, reproducible method for quantifying head and neck ...
Allbaugh Rachel A RA Department of Veterinary Clinical Sciences, College of Veterinary Medicine, Kansas State University, Manhattan, KS, 66506, - - 2014
To assess intraocular pressure (IOP) in conditioned equine athletes and document changes with exercise. A secondary objective was to assess associations between IOP and heart rate, as well as with other subjective physical parameters. Horses were evaluated during 50 mile endurance ride competitions. Data were collected on 69 horses during ...
Crawford Scott K SK Division of Sports Medicine, Department of Family Medicine, The Ohio State University, Columbus, OH, USA; Department of Biomedical Engineering, The Ohio State University, Columbus, OH, - - 2014
This study compared immediate versus delayed massage-like compressive loading on skeletal muscle viscoelastic properties following eccentric exercise. Eighteen rabbits were surgically instrumented with peroneal nerve cuffs for stimulation of the tibialis anterior muscle. Rabbits were randomly assigned to a massage loading protocol applied immediately post exercise (n=6), commencing 48h post ...
Fernandez Antonio B AB The Athletes Heart Program, Hartford Hospital, Hartford, - - 2014
Sports are "hot." The average cost of a 30-second advertisement at the 2014 Superbowl was $4,000,000(1) and millions of fans worldwide spent much of their February 2014 watching the Sochi Winter Olympics and its advertising. Sports cardiology is also hot. The American College of Cardiology in 2011 established a section ...
Laker Rhianna C RC Departments of - - 2014
Abnormal conditions during early development adversely impact later health. We investigated whether maternal exercise could protect the offspring from adverse effects of maternal HFD with a focus on the metabolic outcomes and epigenetic regulation of the metabolic master regulator, peroxisome proliferator activated receptor γ co-activator-1α (Pgc-1α). Female C57BL/6 mice were ...
Caravaca Juan J Digital Signal Processing Group, ETSE, Universitat de València, Avda Universitat S/N, Burjassot, València 46100, Spain. Electronic address: - - 2014
This work presents the application of machine learning techniques to analyse the influence of physical exercise in the physiological properties of the heart, during ventricular fibrillation. To this end, different kinds of classifiers (linear and neural models) are used to classify between trained and sedentary rabbit hearts. The use of ...
Affolter Verena K - - 2013
Chronic progressive lymphedema is a disorder of many draft horse breeds that presents with progressive swelling of the distal portions of the legs. This is associated with scaling, marked dermal fibrosis, and the development of skin folds and nodules. There seems to be a genetic predisposition to altered elastin metabolism ...
Robartes Helen - - 2013
Lameness examinations in horses often include lungeing and ridden exercise. To incorporate these exercises into the evidence-based decision making process aided by quantitative sensor based gait analysis, guideline values for movement asymmetry are needed. In this study, movement symmetry (MS) was quantified in horses during unridden and ridden trot on ...
Munsters Carolien C - - 2013
Eventing is generally recognized as a challenging equestrian discipline and wastage figures for this discipline are relatively high. There is a need for information that provides insight into the causes of wastage and withdrawal from competition, for animal welfare and economic reasons. The aim of the present investigation was to ...
Poussel Mathias - - 2013
The 'cough network' exhibits plasticity at the sensor and integration levels leading to modulation of the strength or pattern of the cough reflex . Little is known about the interactions between cough and human activities, especially during exercise. The present study was designed to determine whether exercise, mimicked by electrically ...
King Melissa R - - 2013
Objective-To evaluate the effect of underwater treadmill exercise on static postural sway in horses with experimentally induced carpal joint osteoarthritis under various stance conditions. Animals-16 horses. Procedures-On day 0, osteoarthritis was induced arthroscopically in 1 randomly selected middle carpal joint of each horse. Beginning on day 15, horses were assigned ...
Haas Caroline C Division of Sports Medicine, Department of Family Medicine, The Ohio State University, Columbus, OH 43221, - - 2013
This study compared the effect of immediate versus delayed massage-like compressive loading (MLL) on peak isometric torque recovery and inflammatory cell infiltration after eccentric exercise (EEX). Eighteen skeletally mature New Zealand White rabbits were instrumented with peroneal nerve cuffs for the stimulation of hindlimb tibialis anterior muscles. After a bout ...
Cywinska Anna - - 2013
BACKGROUND: Serum amyloid A (SAA) is the major acute phase protein in horses. Its concentration increases in various pathologies but also in response to prolonged, strenuous effort. The purpose of this study was to establish whether routine race and endurance training produces changes in the SAA level in Arabian horses. ...
Kim Hyeongmin - - 2013
The modern horse (Equus caballus) is the product of over 50 million yrs of evolution. The athletic abilities of the horse have been enhanced during the past 6000 yrs under domestication. Therefore, the horse serves as a valuable model to understand the physiology and molecular mechanisms of adaptive responses to ...
Pollock P J - - 2013
The objectives of this report were to describe the occurrence and features of dynamic ventrorostral displacement of the dorsal laryngeal mucosa (VRDDLM) in a group of Thoroughbred horses presented for investigation of poor performance and/or abnormal respiratory noise. Records from 600, dynamic, endoscopic examinations of the upper respiratory tract of ...
Kitaoka Yu - - 2013
Objective-To evaluate the effects of a single incremental exercise test (IET) on mRNA expression and protein content of monocarboxylate transporter (MCT) 1 and MCT4 in the gluteus medius muscle of Thoroughbreds. Animals-12 Thoroughbreds (6 males and 6 females; age, 3 to 4 years). Procedures-Horses underwent an IET before and after ...
Preston Stephanie A - - 2012
Objective-To determine the effects of yearling sale purchase price, exercise history, lameness, and athletic performance (speed) on purchase price of 2-year-old in-training Thoroughbreds and to compare the distance exercised within 60 days prior to 2-year-old in-training sales between horses with high yearling sale purchase prices versus those with low yearling ...
Kuwano A - - 2012
In October 2001, a survey was conducted about cavities formed within the hoof wall (called GIDOH in Japanese) of racehorses at the Ritto and Miho Training Centres, which are managed by the Japan Racing Association (JRA). Gidoh is defined as a progressive cavity within the deep layers between the stratum ...
Findley Judith Alice - - 2012
To determine typical clinical features associated with tears of the manica flexoria (MF) and prognosis for return to athletic function after surgical resection. Case series. Medical records (January 2001-December 2011) of horses that underwent tenoscopic surgical treatment of MF tears were reviewed and outcome obtained by telephone questionnaire of owners. ...
Franklin S H - - 2012
Horses are elite athletes when compared with other mammalian species. In the latter, performance is limited by cardiovascular or musculoskeletal performance whereas in athletic horses it is the respiratory system that appears to be rate limiting and virtually all horses exercising at high intensities become hypoxaemic and hypercapnoeic. This is ...
Kuwano A - - 2012
In October 2001, a survey was conducted about cavities formed within the hoof wall (called GIDOH in Japanese) of racehorses at the Ritto and Miho Training Centres, which are managed by the Japan Racing Association (JRA). Gidoh is defined as a progressive cavity within the deep layers between the stratum ...
Bellenzani Maria C R - - 2012
Objective-To investigate forelimb hoof wall strains and shape changes in unshod horses undergoing regular moderate exercise on a treadmill at selected speeds and gaits. Animals-6 horses of various body types. Procedures-Each horse was exercised on a treadmill (walking, trotting, and cantering, with or without galloping at 12.5 m/s) 3 times ...
Gram Bibi - - 2012
OBJECTIVE:: To investigate whether an exercise intervention shown to increase aerobic capacity, would also lead to less musculoskeletal pain; improved work ability, productivity, and perceived physical exertion; and less sick leave. METHODS:: Sixty-seven construction workers were randomized into an exercise group training 3 × 20 minutes per week and a ...
Hampson B A - - 2012
REASONS FOR PERFORMING STUDY: Many domestic horses and ponies are sedentary and obese due to confinement to small paddocks and stables and a diet of infrequent, high-energy rations. Severe health consequences can be associated with this altered lifestyle. OBJECTIVES: The aims of this study were to investigate the ability of ...
Haas Caroline - - 2012
A quasi-linear viscoelasticity (QLV) model was used to study passive time-dependent responses of skeletal muscle to repeated massage-like compressive loading (MLL) following damaging eccentric exercise. Six skeletally mature rabbits were surgically instrumented with bilateral peroneal nerve cuffs for stimulation of the hindlimb tibialis anterior (TA) muscles. Following the eccentric exercise, ...
Godínez-Victoria Marycarmen - - 2012
Intestinal homeostasis effectors, secretory IgA (SIgA) and polymeric immunoglobulin receptor (pIgR), have been evaluated in proximal and distal small intestine with moderate-exercise training but not with strenuous exercise or a combination of these two protocols. Therefore, two groups of mice (n=6-8) were submitted to strenuous exercise, one with and one ...
Re Federica - - 2012
AIMS: Most patients with hypertrophic cardiomyopathy (HCM) show a limited exercise capacity. A correlation between exercise tolerance and diastolic dysfunction has already been demonstrated. On the contrary, the role of rest-induced or exercise-induced obstruction as a determinant of exercise capacity is still open to debate. The aim of the present ...
Bryan Tracey L - - 2012
The development of intrapulmonary shunts with increased cardiac output during exercise in healthy humans has been reported in several recent studies, but mechanisms governing their recruitment remain unclear. Dobutamine and dopamine are inotropes commonly used to augment cardiac output; however, both can increase venous admixture/shunt fraction (Qs/Qt). It is possible ...
Abate Débora Tavares de Resende E Silva - - 2012
Assess the effects of exercise-training on resting arterial pressure and heart rate, placental fetuses morphologic alterations in pregnant spontaneously hypertensive rats (SHRs).Twenty SHRs and their respective control normotensive rats (WKY) were submitted or not to a swimming protocol during 9 weeks, resulting in four pregnant experimental groups: sedentary hypertensive (PSH), ...
Ogunyemi S A - - 2012
Background: Left ventricular hypertrophy (LVH) is an independent risk factor for adverse cardiac outcomes in hypertensive patients. Objective: This study is designed to assess the cardiovascular responses to treadmill exercise among Nigerian hypertensives with echocardiographically proven LVH. Materials and Methods: Fifty hypertensive patients with LVH (27 males and 23 females) ...
Buckley P - - 2013
Reasons for performing study: Horse misbehaviour is an important cause of poor performance in Pony Club horses, is associated with horse-related rider injuries and has been implicated as a nonspecific presenting sign for musculoskeletal pain. Despite this, little is known about the incidence of and risk factors for misbehaviour in ...
Brun Henrik - - 2012
The objective of this study was to investigate mechanisms of exercise-induced pulmonary hypertension in patients with congenital cardiac septal defects. This was a randomized, placebo controlled, crossover drug trial in a single national pediatric cardiology centre that performs congenital cardiac defect surgery. There were 14 patients with cardiac septal defects ...
Nieuwenhuijs D - - 2012
Disturbed breathing during sleep, with episodic upper airway obstruction, is frequent after major surgery. Ventilatory responses to hypercapnia and hypoxia during episodes of airway obstruction are difficult to investigate because the usual measure, that of ventilation, has been attenuated by the obstruction. We simulated the blood gas stimulus associated with ...
Byeon Kyeongmin - - 2012
Abstract Background: Recently, abdominal-breathing or diaphragmatic-breathing methods have increased in popularity. Little is known how abdominal breathing affects the circulatory system. This study was designed to determine the impact of the respiratory pattern on central venous flow using echocardiography. Methods: The superior vena cava (SVC) and inferior vena cava (IVC) ...
Selcuki Deniz - - 2012
A 47-year-old female patient who experienced urinary urgency after having stretching exercises of her legs is presented. Stretching of the legs are thought to be responsible for conus medullaris tethering which in turn causes urinary complaints. What is interesting in this case is that her complaints about urinary urgency stopped ...
Pilny Anthony A - - 2012
All too often, clients ignore the concepts of environmental enrichment, socialization, and exercise for their small exotic pet mammals. Sometimes, these pets, such as guinea pigs, rabbits, ferrets, hamsters, gerbils, and rats, live most of their lives in cages or tanks with little regard given to their mental and physical ...
Botha Martmari - - 2012
Exposure to early adverse events can result in the development of later psychopathology, and is often associated with cognitive impairment. This may be due to accelerated cell aging, which can be catalogued by attritioned telomeres. Exercise enhances neurogenesis and has been proposed to buffer the effect of psychological stress on ...
Zagatto A - - 2011
The aims of this study were: (i) to measure energy system contributions in maximal anaerobic running test (MART); and (ii) to verify any correlation between MART and maximal accumulated oxygen deficit (MAOD). Eleven members of the armed forces were recruited for this study. Participants performed MART and MAOD, both accomplished ...
Jacobs David J - - 2011
A 40-year-old male athlete developed a central retinal vein occlusion after intense exercise and secondary dehydration. A comprehensive systemic evaluation was within the normal range. After a series of 11 intravitreal injections of bevacizumab over a 24-month period, spectral-domain optical coherence tomography showed resolution of macular edema with a 55-letter ...
Tillett Eleanor - - 2009
Have you ever dreamed of working at an Olympic games? Perhaps your passion is health promotion? Not activities you might expect to find in the same working week, but that's what you could be doing if you choose a career in sport and exercise medicine.
Beltrami F G - - 2008
OBJECTIVES: The purpose of this review is to describe the evolution of hydration research and advice on drinking during exercise from published scientific papers, books and non-scientific material (advertisements and magazine contents) and detail how erroneous advice is likely propagated throughout the global sports medicine community. DESIGN: Hydration advice from ...
Noakes Timothy David - - 2008
There is no abstract as this is a letter to the editor.
Nishihira, Yoshiaki
NISHIHIRA, Y., OHNO, T., HATTA, A., FUMOTO, M., KANEDA, T., TOKITOU, S., IMANAKA, K. and FUNASE, K., P300 Before and Affer Transient Hard Exercise. Adv. Exerc. Sports Physiol., Vol.5, No.2 pp49-54, 1999. We investigated the effect of 10 min transient hard exercise on cognitive function and information process within the ...
Fowler P J - - 2006
It is very likely that Royal Navy doctors will be called upon more and more in the future to work on similar overseas exercises. I found the experience immensely challenging and educational and would have no hesitation in volunteering for further deployments or recommending other RN doctors to do the ...
Holloszy John O - - 2004
To commemorate a year of celebration for its 50th Annual Meeting in May 2003 and its 50th anniversary as an organization in 2004, the American College of Sports Medicine and Exercise and Sport Sciences Reviews is pleased to publish personal historical perspectives from leading sports medicine and exercise science professionals. ...
Warren Michelle P - - 2002
Although the exact cause of the female athlete triad (amenorrhea, disordered eating, and osteoporosis) is unknown, recent research implicates leptin, a hormone that is secreted by adipocytes. Leptin may be an important indicator of nutritional status and may also play a role in reproductive function. Physicians who develop a plan ...
Buckler D G - - 1999
OBJECTIVES: To assess the training and interest of a group of general practitioners in the area of sport and exercise medicine, and the organisations representing the specialty. DESIGN: A postal questionnaire using a Likert scale in a previously piloted set of questions. SUBJECTS: 275 general practitioners registered with the Northampton ...
Youngstedt S D - - 1997
Two recent studies support the commonsense view that exercise improves sleep in individuals with insomnia, but questions still abound. Do patients have to be fit to reap the benefits of exercise? Does exposure to bright light during exercise enhance sleep? Is shorter, more intense exercise more helpful than longer, more ...
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