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Cuesta-Vargas Antonio Ignacio - - 2014
Aquatic exercise has been widely used for rehabilitation and functional recovery due to its physical and physiological benefits. However, there is a high variability in reporting on the muscle activity from surface electromyographic (sEMG) signals. The aim of this study is to present an updated review of the literature on ...
West Sarah L SL The Hospital for Sick Children, Toronto, ON, - - 2014
Hematopoietic stem-cell transplant (SCT) is increasingly used to treat children with cancer, and survival following SCT is improving. One predominant consequence of childhood cancer therapy is increased physical morbidity, which is worse in pediatric SCT recipients compared to children treated with chemotherapy or radiation alone. There are many factors that ...
Russell Sarah S Wrightington Upper Limb Unit, Wigan, Lancashire, - - 2014
There is little evidence for the optimal form of nonoperative treatment in the management of frozen shoulder. This study assesses the efficacy of current physiotherapy strategies. All primary care referrals of frozen shoulder to our physiotherapy department were included during a 12-month period. Of these referrals, 17% met the inclusion ...
Wright S E SE Perioperative and Critical Care Directorate, Freeman Hospital, High Heaton, Newcastle upon Tyne NE7 7DN, - - 2014
/st>Cardiopulmonary exercise testing (CPET) is used to risk-stratify patients undergoing major elective surgery, with a poor exercise capacity being associated with an increased risk of complications and death. Patients with anaemia have a decreased exercise capacity and an increased risk of morbidity and mortality after major surgery. Blood transfusion is ...
Panhuyzen-Goedkoop Nicole M NM Heart Centre, Radboud University Nijmegen Medical Centre, Nijmegen, The - - 2014
Safe sports participation involves protecting athletes from injury and life-threatening situations. Preparticipation cardiovascular screening (PPS) in athletes is intended to prevent exercise-related sudden cardiac death by medical management of athletes at risk, which may include disqualification from sports participation. The screening physician relies on current guidelines and expert recommendations for ...
Stuber Kent J KJ *Division of Graduate Education & Research, Canadian Memorial Chiropractic College, Toronto, Ontario, Canada; †Faculty of Kinesiology and Health Studies, University of Regina, Regina, Saskatchewan, Canada; ‡Sports Clinic, University of Toronto Mississauga, Mississauga, Ontario, Canada; and §Department of Community Health and Epidemiology, Faculty of Medicine, Dalhousie University, Halifax, Nova Scotia, - - 2014
The aim of this study was to systematically review the evidence for the effectiveness of core stability exercises for treating athletes with low back pain (LBP). We searched several databases (Medline, AMED, CINAHL, SportDiscus, and EMBASE). Our eligibility criteria consisted of articles published in a peer-reviewed journal in English, using ...
Nolte Kathleen K Department of Cardiology, University of Göttingen, Göttingen, - - 2014
Despite suffering from poor prognosis, progressive exercise intolerance, and impaired quality of life (QoL), effective therapeutic strategies in heart failure with preserved ejection fraction (HFpEF) are sparse. Exercise training (ET) improves physical QoL in HFpEF, but the effects on other aspects of QoL are unknown. The multicentre, prospective, randomized, controlled ...
Goachet A G AG URANIE, AgroSup Dijon, Dijon, - - 2014
This study aimed at evaluating, in previously inactive Standardbreds horses, the effect of 5 weeks of an exercise training programme on nutrient digestibility and faecal fermentative parameters (FFPs). As an increase in digestibility had previously been reported in trained endurance horses, we hypothesized that similar results would be found in horses ...
Ebbers Hans C HC Utrecht University, Faculty of Science, Utrecht Institute for Pharmaceutical Sciences, Department of Pharmaceutics, Utrecht, The Netherlands; Utrecht University, Faculty of Science, Utrecht Institute for Pharmaceutical Sciences, Division of Pharmacoepidemiology and Clinical Pharmacology, Utrecht, The Netherlands. Electronic address: - - 2014
Biosimilars have the potential to lead to enormous cost savings in healthcare without reducing the level of care for patients. In Europe, biosimilars have to demonstrate comparability in an extensive biosimilarity exercise including analytical, preclinical and comparative clinical studies. By successfully completing the biosimilarity exercise, the biosimilar shows that all ...
Gimeno-Santos Elena E Center for Research in Environmental Epidemiology (CREAL), , Barcelona, - - 2014
The relationship between physical activity, disease severity, health status and prognosis in patients with COPD has not been systematically assessed. Our aim was to identify and summarise studies assessing associations between physical activity and its determinants and/or outcomes in patients with COPD and to develop a conceptual model for physical ...
Overath Claudia H - - 2014
Migraine is a disorder of central information processing which is characterized by a reduced habituation of event-related potentials. There might be positive effects of aerobic exercise on brain function and pain. The aim of this study was to investigate the influence of exercise on information processing and clinical course of ...
Perry David J DJ Cambridge Haemophilia and Thrombophilia Centre, Cambridge University Hospitals NHS Foundation Trust, Cambridge, United - - 2014
Molecular genetic analysis of families with hemophilia and other heritable bleeding disorders is a frequently requested laboratory investigation. In the United Kingdom, laboratories undertaking genetic testing must participate in a recognized external quality assessment scheme for formal accreditation. The UK National External Quality Assessment Scheme (UK NEQAS) for heritable bleeding ...
Negrini S S Physical and Rehabilitation Medicine Department of Clinical and Experimental Sciences University of Brescia, Brescia, Italy - - - 2014
Idiopathic scoliosis (IS) is a three-dimensional deformity of the spine and trunk. The most common form involve adolescents. The prevalence is 2-3% of the population, with 1 out of 6 patients requiring treatment of which 25% progress to surgery. Physical and rehabilitation medicine (PRM) plays a primary role in the ...
Bernard S S Centre de Recherche, Institut Universitaire de cardiologie et de pneumologie de Québec, Université Laval, Québec, - - 2014
Built around exercise training, pulmonary rehabilitation (PR) is a multidisciplinary, evidence-based, comprehensive approach to working with the patient as a whole and not just the pulmonary component of the disease. Integrated into the individualized treatment, this intervention aims to reduce symptoms, optimize functional status, increase participation in daily life, and ...
Cranmer Hilarie H 1 Massachusetts General Hospital, Boston, Massachusetts - - 2014
The need to provide a professionalization process for the humanitarian workforce is well established. Current competency-based curricula provided by existing academically affiliated training centers in North America, the United Kingdom, and the European Union provide a route toward certification. Simulation exercises followed by timely evaluation is one way to mimic ...
Leotti Lauren A LA Rutgers - - 2014
Using functional MRI, we examined how the affective experience of choice, the means by which individuals exercise control, is modulated by the valence of potential outcomes (gains, losses). When trials involved potential gains, participants reported liking cues predicting a choice opportunity better than cues predicting no choice opportunity-an effect that ...
Levy Hannah C - - 2014
Compulsive washing and contamination fears are among the most common symptoms of obsessive-compulsive disorder (OCD). Research suggests that exposure and response prevention (ERP) is effective for OCD. However, ERP is prone to dropouts and refusals, and a substantial proportion of clients therefore do not receive the care they need. A ...
Uribe-Quevedo Alvaro A Industrial Engineering, Nueva Granada Mil. University, Bogota, - - 2014
Hand disabilities resulting from traumas, accidents and other causes impact how people carry on everyday tasks, thus, the importance of physical therapy. This process is characterized for performing repetitive sequences of motion with the guidance of a physical therapist, and in some cases, requires doing the therapy without attendance, which ...
Schiestl Martin M Sandoz GmbH, Biochemiestrasse 10, 6250 Kundl, Austria. Electronic address: - - 2013
A determination of biosimilarity is based on a thorough characterization and comparison of the quality profiles of a similar biotherapeutic product and its reference biotherapeutic product. Although the general principles on the role of the quality assessment in a biosimilar evaluation are widely understood and agreed, detailed discussions have not ...
Macrae Braid A BA a Clothing and Textile Sciences, Department of Applied Sciences , University of Otago , Dunedin , New - - 2013
How garments contribute to performance of the clothing system during wear is of interest, as is understanding the value of using fabric properties to inform end-use characteristics. To investigate the influences of layering upper-body garments, four fabrics were used to construct two first-layer garments (wool and polyester) and two outer-layer ...
Pieles Guido E GE Congenital Heart Unit, Bristol Royal Hospital for Children/Bristol Heart Institute, Upper Maudlin St, , Bristol, - - 2013
Exercise training is an underused intervention in paediatric healthcare. This is surprising, since initial evidence demonstrates its effectiveness and safety; furthermore it confers socioeconomic benefits for healthcare systems. Pilot studies have assessed and confirmed the feasibility of exercise training in many paediatric disease settings. However, more research is needed to ...
Buford Thomas W TW Department of Applied Physiology and Kinesiology, College of Health and Human Performance, University of Florida, Gainesville, FL; Department of Aging and Geriatric Research, PO Box 112610, University of Florida, Gainesville, FL 32611. Electronic address: - - 2013
As the number of older adults continues to rise worldwide, the prevention of physical disability among seniors is an increasingly important public health priority. Physical exercise is among the best known methods of preventing disability, but accumulating evidence indicates that considerable variability exists in the responsiveness of older adults to ...
Sutherland William J WJ Conservation Science Group, Department of Zoology, Cambridge University, Downing Street, Cambridge, CB2 3EJ, UK. Electronic address: - - 2013
This paper presents the output of our fifth annual horizon-scanning exercise, which aims to identify topics that increasingly may affect conservation of biological diversity, but have yet to be widely considered. A team of professional horizon scanners, researchers, practitioners, and a journalist identified 15 topics which were identified via an ...
Opitz David D a Department of Molecular and Cellular Sport Medicine, German Sport University, Am Sportpark Müngersdorf 6, 50933 Cologne, - - 2014
We investigated the cellular distribution of lactate transporter (MCT1) and its chaperone CD147 (using immunohistochemistry and fluorescence-activated cell sorting) in the erythrocytes of men with non-insulin-dependent type-2 diabetes (NIDDM, n = 11, 61 ± 8 years of age) under acute exercise (ergometer cycling test, World Health Organisation scheme) performed before ...
Bartlett Jonathan D - - 2013
The major tumour suppressor protein, p53, is one of the most well-studied proteins in cell biology. Often referred to as the Guardian of the Genome, the list of known functions of p53 include regulatory roles in cell cycle arrest, apoptosis, angiogenesis, DNA repair and cell senescence. More recently, p53 has ...
Carpi Federico - - 2013
Patients affected by motor disorders of the hand and having residual voluntary movements of fingers or wrist can benefit from self-rehabilitation exercises performed with so-called dynamic hand splints. These systems consist of orthoses equipped with elastic cords or springs, which either provide a sustained stretch or resist voluntary movements of ...
Cranston Josephine M - - 2013
Dyspnoea, or distressing breathing, is often a severe subjective symptom in terminal illness and may be difficult to control. Oxygen therapy is currently one of the interventions used to treat it. This review aimed to identify all randomised controlled studies (RCTs) in which oxygen therapy was used as a treatment ...
Tsekouras Nikolaos - - 2013
Lumbar artery pseudoaneurysms (LAPs) are a rare complication of inferior vena cava (IVC) filters. The few reports in the literature describe treatment of patients presenting with ruptured LAPs. This case report describes the successful management of a symptomatic LAP because of an IVC filter, which initially presented as a retroperitoneal ...
Gomes José Orlando - - 2013
The current work presents results from a cognitive task analysis (CTA) of a nuclear disaster simulation. Audio-visual records were collected from an emergency room team composed of individuals from 26 different agencies as they responded to multiple scenarios in a simulated nuclear disaster. This simulation was part of a national ...
Junejo M A - - 2013
Malignant obstructive jaundice is associated with poor aerobic capacity. We measured oxygen consumption and oxygen extraction (arterial-venous oxygen content) in the legs of nine patients during cardiopulmonary exercise testing before pancreaticoduodenectomy. The median (IQR [range]) peak oxygen consumption was 67 (49-77 [32-84])% of predicted. Normal patterns of oxygen extraction were ...
Brumitt Jason J School of Physical Therapy, Pacific University (Oregon), Hillsboro, - - 2013
Injury to the low back can cause significant pain and dysfunction, which can affect an athlete's performance and result in time lost from sport. A common conservative treatment is therapeutic core stabilization exercises, which can address pain and musculoskeletal dysfunction in patients with low back pathology. MEDLINE and CINAHL were ...
Huxel Bliven Kellie C KC AT Still University, Mesa, - - 2013
Enhancing core stability through exercise is common to musculoskeletal injury prevention programs. Definitive evidence demonstrating an association between core instability and injury is lacking; however, multifaceted prevention programs including core stabilization exercises appear to be effective at reducing lower extremity injury rates. PUBMED WAS SEARCHED FOR EPIDEMIOLOGIC, BIOMECHANIC, AND CLINICAL ...
Arzani Amirhossein A Mechanical Engineering, University of California, Berkeley, CA 94720-1740, - - 2014
Computational fluid dynamics modeling was used to investigate changes in blood transport topology between rest and exercise conditions in five patient-specific abdominal aortic aneurysm models. MRI was used to provide the vascular anatomy and necessary boundary conditions for simulating blood velocity and pressure fields inside each model. Finite-time Lyapunov exponent ...
Denham Joshua - - 2013
Most human phenotypes are influenced by a combination of genomic and environmental factors. Engaging in regular physical exercise prevents many chronic diseases, decreases mortality risk and increases longevity. However, the mechanisms involved are poorly understood. The modulating effect of physical (aerobic and resistance) exercise on gene expression has been known ...
Dobkin Bruce H - - 2013
Rehabilitation for sensorimotor impairments aims to improve daily activities, walking, exercise, and motor skills. Monitoring of practice and measuring outcomes, however, is usually restricted to laboratory-based procedures and self-reports. Mobile health devices may reverse these confounders of daily care and research trials. Wearable, wireless motion sensor data, analyzed by activity ...
Takalokastari Tiina - - 2013
Electrocardiographic (ECG) recordings are usually obtained at rest. In many cases, real-time ECG monitoring in the home environment during daily life would be useful, but that requires a wireless device. The purpose of this study is to evaluate the quality of wireless ECG signals during physical activities. Test data were ...
Shen Guanghao - - 2013
When ascending to the high altitude, people living in low altitude areas will suffer from acute mountain sickness. The aim of this study is to test the hypothesis that whether an oxygen concentration membrane can be made and used to construct a new portable oxygen enrichment device for individuals in ...
Kietrys David - - 2013
This excerpt was created in the absence of an abstract.<LEAP> highlights the findings and application of Cochrane reviews and other evidence pertinent to the practice of physical therapy. The Cochrane Library is a respected source of reliable evidence related to health care. Cochrane systematic reviews explore the evidence for and ...
Uysal N - - 2013
It is known that regular aerobic exercise enhances cognitive functions and increases blood insulin-like growth factor 1 (IGF-1) levels. People living in urban areas spend most of their time indoors and indoor air quality can affect health. We investigated the effects of aerobic exercise in poor and good air quality ...
Lloyd Rhodri S - - 2013
The current manuscript has been adapted from the official position statement of the UK Strength and Conditioning Association on youth resistance training. It has subsequently been reviewed and endorsed by leading professional organisations within the fields of sports medicine, exercise science and paediatrics. The authorship team for this article was ...
Riding Nathan R - - 2013
The clinical and economic value of including systematic echocardiography (ECHO) alongside the 12-lead electrocardiograpm (ECG) when undertaking pre-participation screening in athletes has not been examined, yet several sporting organistations recommend its inclusion. To examine the efficacy of systematic ECHO alongside the ECG, to identify sudden cardiac death (SCD) disease and ...
Brown Cynthia J - - 2013
Mobility limitations are common in older adults, affecting the physical, psychological, and social aspects of an older adult's life. To identify mobility risk factors, screening tools, medical management, need for physical therapy, and efficacy of exercise interventions for older primary care patients with limited mobility. Search of PubMed and PEDro ...
Finch Caroline F - - 2013
Players are the targeted end-users and beneficiaries of exercise-training programmes implemented during coach-led training sessions, and the success of programmes depends upon their active participation. Two variants of an exercise-training programme were incorporated into the regular training schedules of 40 community Australian Football teams, over two seasons. One variant replicated ...
Dedov Vadim N - - 2013
Abstract Purpose: Bilateral and unilateral training equipment for the upper limbs facilitates rehabilitation after stroke. In this work, we tested the first device designed for bilateral training of the lower limbs. Method: Characteristics and usage of the novel MedExercise® ST device were evaluated by four healthy volunteers. A pedometer and ...
Sundqvist Bo - - 2013
Laboratory response networks (LRNs) have been established for security reasons in several countries including the Netherlands, France, and Sweden. LRNs function in these countries as a preparedness measure for a coordinated diagnostic response capability in case of a bioterrorism incident or other biocrimes. Generally, these LRNs are organized on a ...
Lerner Ken K Argonne National Laboratory, Illinios, - - 2013
A simulation cell or SimCell is an effective and flexible tool for control of emergency management exercises. It allows exercise participants to interact, via simulation, with a wide variety of nonplaying organizations and officials. Adapted from military application, the Chemical Stockpile Emergency Preparedness Program (CSEPP) applied, developed, and refined the ...
Picard Martin - - 2013
A unique property of mitochondria in mammalian cells is their ability to physically interact and undergo dynamic events of fusion/fission that remodel their morphology and possibly their function. In cultured cells, metabolic perturbations similar to those incurred during exercise influence mitochondrial fusion and fission processes, but it is unknown whether ...
Sandoval Alexius E G - - 2013
Exercise is an intervention that may be used in the management of multiple sclerosis (MS). Certain exercise physiology characteristics are commonly seen among persons with MS, particularly in the more debilitated. Studies have shown that properly prescribed exercise programs can improve modifiable impairments in MS. Exercise is generally safe and ...
Payne C - - 2013
In this systematic review, we sought to evaluate the effect of physical activity or nutrition interventions (or both) in adults with advanced non-small-cell lung cancer (nsclc). A systematic search for relevant clinical trials was conducted in 6 electronic databases, by hand searching, and by contacting key investigators. No limits were ...
Hyong In Hyouk IH Department of Physical Therapy, Shinsung - - 2013
[Purpose] The purpose of the present study was to examine the effects of squat exercises performed on different surfaces on the activity of the quadriceps femoris muscle in order to provide information on support surfaces for effective squat exercises. [Subjects and Method] Fourteen healthy subjects performed squat exercises for five ...
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