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Price Oliver J OJ Faculty of Health and Life Sciences, Northumbria University, Newcastle upon Tyne, NE1 8ST, UK, - - 2014
Exercise-induced bronchoconstriction (EIB) describes the phenomenon of transient airway narrowing in association with physical activity. Although it may seem likely that EIB would have a detrimental impact on athletic performance, this has yet to be established. The aim of this review is to provide a systematic appraisal of the current ...
Xie Zheng-Gao - - 2014
Valsalva retinopathy and traumatic macular hole are common conditions, but macular hole secondary to Valsalva retinopathy is rarely reported. A 34-year-old healthy man suffered Valsalva retinopathy after doing push-up exercise. During his follow-up visits, the best-corrected visual acuity (BCVA) measurements, fundus examinations and spectral-domain optical coherence tomography (SD-OCT) tests were ...
Scott Lisa A LA Department of Podiatry, Faculty of Health Sciences, La Trobe University, Bundoora, VIC, 3086, Australia, - - 2014
Orthotic devices such as foot orthoses, splints, taping and bracing are recommended for Achilles tendinopathy (AT). This systematic review was conducted to review the current evidence for the effectiveness of orthotic devices for the treatment of mid-portion or insertional AT. Electronic bibliographic databases (MEDLINE, EMBASE, Current Contents, CINAHL and SPORTDiscus) ...
Casey Monica M Discipline of General Practice, School of Medicine, National University of Ireland, Galway, - - 2014
Regular physical activity is known to help prevent and treat numerous non-communicable diseases. Smartphone applications (apps) have been shown to increase physical activity in primary care but little is known regarding the views of patients using such technology or how such technology may change behaviour. To explore patients' views and ...
Dausey David J - - 2014
Exercises are increasingly common tools used by the health sector and other sectors to evaluate their preparedness to respond to public health threats. Exercises provide an opportunity for multiple sectors to practice, test and evaluate their response to all types of public health emergencies. The information from these exercises can ...
Serón Pamela P Department of Internal Medicine, Centre of Excellence CIGES, Universidad de La Frontera, Temuco, Araucania, Chile (Ms Serón and Drs Lanas and Ríos); Iberoamerican Cochrane Centre, Biomedical Research Institute (IIB-Sant Pau), Universitat Autònoma de Barcelona, CIBER de Epidemiología y Salud Pública (CIBERESP), Barcelona, Spain (Dr Bonfill); and Iberoamerican Cochrane Centre, Biomedical Research Institute (IIB-Sant Pau), Sant Pau Hospital, CIBER de Epidemiología y Salud Pública (CIBERESP), Barcelona, Spain (Dr - - 2014
To evaluate the quality of clinical guidelines (CGs) for cardiac rehabilitation and to critically appraise exercise-related recommendations. Design: critical review. Data sources: main search engines, databases, clearinghouses, and guideline developers. Study selection: We included evidence-based CGs specific to cardiac rehabilitation with recommendations for the period after diagnosis of myocardial infarction ...
Tejero-Fernández Victor V Rehabilitation Service, Traumatology Section, Hospital Virgen de las Nieves, Granada, - - 2014
The objective of this review was to determine whether immune parameters can be modulated by massage after intense physical activity. A search was conducted in Pub Med Medline, PEDro, and Cochrane databases, using the key words: "massage", "myofascial release", "acupressure", "recovery", and "warm up" combined with "exercise", "exercise-induced muscle damage", ...
Zod Rebecca R 1Washington University in St Louis,School of Arts and Sciences,St - - 2014
This study was conducted to test the ability of the St Louis County Department of Health to efficiently dispense medication to individuals with functional needs during a public health emergency and develop new guidelines for future emergency planning. Historically, people with functional needs have been vulnerable in emergency situations, and ...
- - 2014
WELL SET out and with high quality graphics, this book deals with anatomy and physiology on a system-by-system basis in a manner that is reader friendly. It includes regular time-out exercises to help readers review what they have learned and highlight other resources, such as web-based material.
Nativi-Nicolau Jose J Division of Cardiovascular Medicine, Department of Medicine, University of Utah Health Science Center, 50 N Medical Dr, Salt Lake City, UT 84132, USA; Cardiology Section, Veterans Affairs Salt Lake City Health Care System, 500 Foothill Dr, Salt Lake City, UT 84148, - - 2014
Heart failure with preserved ejection fraction (HFpEF) is a clinical syndrome characterized by decreased exercise capacity and fluid retention in the setting of preserved left ventricular systolic function and evidence of abnormal diastolic function. Therapeutic strategies include pharmacologic agents, pacing, baroreflex modification, diet, and exercise. Despite symptomatic and hemodynamic improvements ...
Haykowsky Mark J MJ Faculty of Rehabilitation Medicine, Alberta Cardiovascular and Stroke Research Centre (ABACUS), Mazankowski Alberta Heart Institute, University of Alberta, 3-16 Corbett Hall, Edmonton, Alberta T6G-2G4, Canada. Electronic address: - - 2014
Recent advances in the pathophysiology of exercise intolerance in patients with heart failure with preserved ejection fraction (HFPEF) suggest that noncardiac peripheral factors contribute to the reduced peak Vo2 (peak exercise oxygen uptake) and to its improvement after endurance exercise training. A greater understanding of the peripheral skeletal muscle vascular ...
Park Hyung Jun HJ 0000-0003-4165-8901 Department of Neurology, Mokdong Hospital, Ewha Womans University School of Medicine, Seoul, - - 2014
Glycogen storage disease type V (GSD-V) is the most common disorder of muscle glycogenosis with characteristic clinical and laboratory findings. A 32-yr-old woman complained of exercise intolerance and myoglobulinuria since early adolescence. She reported several episodes of second-wind phenomenon. Physical examination did not show any neurological abnormality, including fixed muscle ...
Ameer Faisal F Royal Adelaide Hospital, Adelaide, Australia, SA - - 2014
People with chronic obstructive pulmonary disease (COPD) often become transiently hypoxaemic (low oxygen levels in blood) on exercise, necessitating oxygen therapy to improve breathlessness and exercise capacity and to reduce disability. Ambulatory oxygen therapy refers to provision of oxygen therapy during exercise and activities of daily living. Ambulatory oxygen therapy ...
Russell T T King Edward Memorial Hospital, Western Australia, Australia; Sir Charles Gairdner Hospital, Nedlands, Western Australia, - - 2014
The presence of a facemask leak significantly reduces the effectiveness of pre-oxygenation and increases the risk of post-induction hypoxia. We randomly assigned 24 healthy volunteers to a six-period crossover trial with and without a simulated facemask leak. Pre-oxygenation was performed using a standard anaesthesia machine circuit supplemented either by nasal ...
Phua Joe J University of Georgia, USA - - 2014
This study examined the effect of the audience's similarity to, and parasocial identification with, spokespersons in obesity public service announcements, on perceived source credibility, and diet and exercise self-efficacy. The results (N = 200) indicated that perceived similarity to the spokesperson was significantly associated with three dimensions of source credibility ...
Bruno Paul P Assistant Professor and CCRF Research Chair in Neuromusculoskeletal Health, Faculty of Kinesiology and Health Studies, University of - - 2014
It is well-established that the coordination of muscular activity in the lumbopelvic region is vital to the generation of mechanical spinal stability. Several models illustrating mechanisms by which dysfunctional neuromuscular control strategies may serve as a cause and/or effect of low back pain have been described in the literature. The ...
Cifuentes Manuel M Work Environment Department. University of Massachusetts Lowell, MA, - - 2014
Characterise usability, safety, comfort, and impact on productivity of treadmill workstations in real worksites. Office workers volunteered to try out for six months a treadmill workstation consisting of a height adjustable electric desk, a walking treadmill, and their own sitting device (chair or "sitting ball"). They were instructed to set ...
Yoo Junsang J Department of Physical Therapy, Sahmyook University, Republic of - - 2014
[Purpose] This study investigated the effect of unstable surface trunk stabilization exercise on the abdominal muscle structure and balance of stroke patients. [Subjects] The subjects were divided into two groups: an unstable surface trunk stabilization exercise group (n=13), and a stable surface trunk stabilization exercise group (n=11). [Methods] Both groups ...
Rathore Anurag S AS Department of Chemical Engineering, Indian Institute of Technology, Hauz Khas, New Delhi, 110016, India, - - 2014
Biosimilars are defined as biotherapeutic drugs that have been shown to have comparable quality, safety, and efficacy to the original product. Fuelled by the patent cliff in the next 5 years, the focus of the biopharmaceutical industry is gradually shifting towards production of biosimilars. Scientific and regulatory issues around development and ...
Bonini Matteo M Department of Public Health and Infectious Diseases, 'Sapienza' University of Rome, Rome, - - 2014
This article aims to review the most relevant studies on exercise-induced anaphylaxis, published in the last year, in order to provide comprehensive and updated evidence and hopefully contribute to a better definition of its pathophysiological mechanisms and treatment strategies. The search strategy was performed from 1/2/2013 to 31/1/2014 by scanning ...
Hawkins Jemma L JL Cardiff University, Cardiff, UK - - 2014
Exercise referral schemes are established within community-based health care; however, they have been criticized for failing to evidence long-term behavior change relative to usual care. As such, recent reviews have called for refinement of their delivery with a focus on embedded strategies targeting client motivation. This research letter presents findings ...
White Richard J RJ University of Worcester, Worcester WR2 6AJ, UK. Electronic address: - - 2014
A multidisciplinary panel of Woundcare experts of international repute was assembled to review the clinical evidence and advise on the classification of the Flaminal products. This is based on their exact role in wound management and is to be defined on the basis of clinical efficacy, evidence and utility. Experts ...
Johnston Rich D RD School of Exercise Science, Australian Catholic University, 1100 Nudgee Road, Brisbane, QLD, 4014, Australia, - - 2014
Rugby league is a team sport in which players engage in repeated high-intensity exercise involving frequent collisions. Recent research, much of which has involved global positioning system (GPS) technology, has provided coaches and sport scientists with a deeper understanding of match demands, particularly at the elite level. This has allowed ...
Cuesta-Vargas Antonio Ignacio - - 2014
Aquatic exercise has been widely used for rehabilitation and functional recovery due to its physical and physiological benefits. However, there is a high variability in reporting on the muscle activity from surface electromyographic (sEMG) signals. The aim of this study is to present an updated review of the literature on ...
West Sarah L SL The Hospital for Sick Children, Toronto, ON, - - 2014
Hematopoietic stem-cell transplant (SCT) is increasingly used to treat children with cancer, and survival following SCT is improving. One predominant consequence of childhood cancer therapy is increased physical morbidity, which is worse in pediatric SCT recipients compared to children treated with chemotherapy or radiation alone. There are many factors that ...
Russell Sarah S Wrightington Upper Limb Unit, Wigan, Lancashire, - - 2014
There is little evidence for the optimal form of nonoperative treatment in the management of frozen shoulder. This study assesses the efficacy of current physiotherapy strategies. All primary care referrals of frozen shoulder to our physiotherapy department were included during a 12-month period. Of these referrals, 17% met the inclusion ...
Mun Byeong-Mu BM Department of Rehabilitation Science, Graduate School, Daegu University, Republic of - - 2014
[Purpose] This study sought to determine the usefulness of sit to stand training in self-directed treatment of stroke patients. It examined the effect that sit to stand training has on balance and functional movement depending on the form of support surfaces. [Subjects and Methods] Thirty stroke patients were randomly sampled ...
Wright S E SE Perioperative and Critical Care Directorate, Freeman Hospital, High Heaton, Newcastle upon Tyne NE7 7DN, - - 2014
/st>Cardiopulmonary exercise testing (CPET) is used to risk-stratify patients undergoing major elective surgery, with a poor exercise capacity being associated with an increased risk of complications and death. Patients with anaemia have a decreased exercise capacity and an increased risk of morbidity and mortality after major surgery. Blood transfusion is ...
Panhuyzen-Goedkoop Nicole M NM Heart Centre, Radboud University Nijmegen Medical Centre, Nijmegen, The - - 2014
Safe sports participation involves protecting athletes from injury and life-threatening situations. Preparticipation cardiovascular screening (PPS) in athletes is intended to prevent exercise-related sudden cardiac death by medical management of athletes at risk, which may include disqualification from sports participation. The screening physician relies on current guidelines and expert recommendations for ...
Stuber Kent J KJ *Division of Graduate Education & Research, Canadian Memorial Chiropractic College, Toronto, Ontario, Canada; †Faculty of Kinesiology and Health Studies, University of Regina, Regina, Saskatchewan, Canada; ‡Sports Clinic, University of Toronto Mississauga, Mississauga, Ontario, Canada; and §Department of Community Health and Epidemiology, Faculty of Medicine, Dalhousie University, Halifax, Nova Scotia, - - 2014
The aim of this study was to systematically review the evidence for the effectiveness of core stability exercises for treating athletes with low back pain (LBP). We searched several databases (Medline, AMED, CINAHL, SportDiscus, and EMBASE). Our eligibility criteria consisted of articles published in a peer-reviewed journal in English, using ...
Nolte Kathleen K Department of Cardiology, University of Göttingen, Göttingen, - - 2014
Despite suffering from poor prognosis, progressive exercise intolerance, and impaired quality of life (QoL), effective therapeutic strategies in heart failure with preserved ejection fraction (HFpEF) are sparse. Exercise training (ET) improves physical QoL in HFpEF, but the effects on other aspects of QoL are unknown. The multicentre, prospective, randomized, controlled ...
Goachet A G AG URANIE, AgroSup Dijon, Dijon, - - 2014
This study aimed at evaluating, in previously inactive Standardbreds horses, the effect of 5 weeks of an exercise training programme on nutrient digestibility and faecal fermentative parameters (FFPs). As an increase in digestibility had previously been reported in trained endurance horses, we hypothesized that similar results would be found in horses ...
Ebbers Hans C HC Utrecht University, Faculty of Science, Utrecht Institute for Pharmaceutical Sciences, Department of Pharmaceutics, Utrecht, The Netherlands; Utrecht University, Faculty of Science, Utrecht Institute for Pharmaceutical Sciences, Division of Pharmacoepidemiology and Clinical Pharmacology, Utrecht, The Netherlands. Electronic address: - - 2014
Biosimilars have the potential to lead to enormous cost savings in healthcare without reducing the level of care for patients. In Europe, biosimilars have to demonstrate comparability in an extensive biosimilarity exercise including analytical, preclinical and comparative clinical studies. By successfully completing the biosimilarity exercise, the biosimilar shows that all ...
Gimeno-Santos Elena E Center for Research in Environmental Epidemiology (CREAL), , Barcelona, - - 2014
The relationship between physical activity, disease severity, health status and prognosis in patients with COPD has not been systematically assessed. Our aim was to identify and summarise studies assessing associations between physical activity and its determinants and/or outcomes in patients with COPD and to develop a conceptual model for physical ...
Overath Claudia H - - 2014
Migraine is a disorder of central information processing which is characterized by a reduced habituation of event-related potentials. There might be positive effects of aerobic exercise on brain function and pain. The aim of this study was to investigate the influence of exercise on information processing and clinical course of ...
Perry David J DJ Cambridge Haemophilia and Thrombophilia Centre, Cambridge University Hospitals NHS Foundation Trust, Cambridge, United - - 2014
Molecular genetic analysis of families with hemophilia and other heritable bleeding disorders is a frequently requested laboratory investigation. In the United Kingdom, laboratories undertaking genetic testing must participate in a recognized external quality assessment scheme for formal accreditation. The UK National External Quality Assessment Scheme (UK NEQAS) for heritable bleeding ...
Negrini S S Physical and Rehabilitation Medicine Department of Clinical and Experimental Sciences University of Brescia, Brescia, Italy - - - 2014
Idiopathic scoliosis (IS) is a three-dimensional deformity of the spine and trunk. The most common form involve adolescents. The prevalence is 2-3% of the population, with 1 out of 6 patients requiring treatment of which 25% progress to surgery. Physical and rehabilitation medicine (PRM) plays a primary role in the ...
Bernard S S Centre de Recherche, Institut Universitaire de cardiologie et de pneumologie de Québec, Université Laval, Québec, - - 2014
Built around exercise training, pulmonary rehabilitation (PR) is a multidisciplinary, evidence-based, comprehensive approach to working with the patient as a whole and not just the pulmonary component of the disease. Integrated into the individualized treatment, this intervention aims to reduce symptoms, optimize functional status, increase participation in daily life, and ...
Cranmer Hilarie H 1 Massachusetts General Hospital, Boston, Massachusetts - - 2014
The need to provide a professionalization process for the humanitarian workforce is well established. Current competency-based curricula provided by existing academically affiliated training centers in North America, the United Kingdom, and the European Union provide a route toward certification. Simulation exercises followed by timely evaluation is one way to mimic ...
Leotti Lauren A LA Rutgers - - 2014
Using functional MRI, we examined how the affective experience of choice, the means by which individuals exercise control, is modulated by the valence of potential outcomes (gains, losses). When trials involved potential gains, participants reported liking cues predicting a choice opportunity better than cues predicting no choice opportunity-an effect that ...
Levy Hannah C - - 2014
Compulsive washing and contamination fears are among the most common symptoms of obsessive-compulsive disorder (OCD). Research suggests that exposure and response prevention (ERP) is effective for OCD. However, ERP is prone to dropouts and refusals, and a substantial proportion of clients therefore do not receive the care they need. A ...
Uribe-Quevedo Alvaro A Industrial Engineering, Nueva Granada Mil. University, Bogota, - - 2014
Hand disabilities resulting from traumas, accidents and other causes impact how people carry on everyday tasks, thus, the importance of physical therapy. This process is characterized for performing repetitive sequences of motion with the guidance of a physical therapist, and in some cases, requires doing the therapy without attendance, which ...
Schiestl Martin M Sandoz GmbH, Biochemiestrasse 10, 6250 Kundl, Austria. Electronic address: - - 2013
A determination of biosimilarity is based on a thorough characterization and comparison of the quality profiles of a similar biotherapeutic product and its reference biotherapeutic product. Although the general principles on the role of the quality assessment in a biosimilar evaluation are widely understood and agreed, detailed discussions have not ...
Macrae Braid A BA a Clothing and Textile Sciences, Department of Applied Sciences , University of Otago , Dunedin , New - - 2013
How garments contribute to performance of the clothing system during wear is of interest, as is understanding the value of using fabric properties to inform end-use characteristics. To investigate the influences of layering upper-body garments, four fabrics were used to construct two first-layer garments (wool and polyester) and two outer-layer ...
Pieles Guido E GE Congenital Heart Unit, Bristol Royal Hospital for Children/Bristol Heart Institute, Upper Maudlin St, , Bristol, - - 2013
Exercise training is an underused intervention in paediatric healthcare. This is surprising, since initial evidence demonstrates its effectiveness and safety; furthermore it confers socioeconomic benefits for healthcare systems. Pilot studies have assessed and confirmed the feasibility of exercise training in many paediatric disease settings. However, more research is needed to ...
Buford Thomas W TW Department of Applied Physiology and Kinesiology, College of Health and Human Performance, University of Florida, Gainesville, FL; Department of Aging and Geriatric Research, PO Box 112610, University of Florida, Gainesville, FL 32611. Electronic address: - - 2013
As the number of older adults continues to rise worldwide, the prevention of physical disability among seniors is an increasingly important public health priority. Physical exercise is among the best known methods of preventing disability, but accumulating evidence indicates that considerable variability exists in the responsiveness of older adults to ...
Sutherland William J WJ Conservation Science Group, Department of Zoology, Cambridge University, Downing Street, Cambridge, CB2 3EJ, UK. Electronic address: - - 2013
This paper presents the output of our fifth annual horizon-scanning exercise, which aims to identify topics that increasingly may affect conservation of biological diversity, but have yet to be widely considered. A team of professional horizon scanners, researchers, practitioners, and a journalist identified 15 topics which were identified via an ...
Opitz David D a Department of Molecular and Cellular Sport Medicine, German Sport University, Am Sportpark Müngersdorf 6, 50933 Cologne, - - 2014
We investigated the cellular distribution of lactate transporter (MCT1) and its chaperone CD147 (using immunohistochemistry and fluorescence-activated cell sorting) in the erythrocytes of men with non-insulin-dependent type-2 diabetes (NIDDM, n = 11, 61 ± 8 years of age) under acute exercise (ergometer cycling test, World Health Organisation scheme) performed before ...
Bartlett Jonathan D - - 2013
The major tumour suppressor protein, p53, is one of the most well-studied proteins in cell biology. Often referred to as the Guardian of the Genome, the list of known functions of p53 include regulatory roles in cell cycle arrest, apoptosis, angiogenesis, DNA repair and cell senescence. More recently, p53 has ...
Carpi Federico - - 2013
Patients affected by motor disorders of the hand and having residual voluntary movements of fingers or wrist can benefit from self-rehabilitation exercises performed with so-called dynamic hand splints. These systems consist of orthoses equipped with elastic cords or springs, which either provide a sustained stretch or resist voluntary movements of ...
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