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Carpi Federico - - 2013
Patients affected by motor disorders of the hand and having residual voluntary movements of fingers or wrist can benefit from self-rehabilitation exercises performed with so-called dynamic hand splints. These systems consist of orthoses equipped with elastic cords or springs, which either provide a sustained stretch or resist voluntary movements of ...
Cranston Josephine M - - 2013
Dyspnoea, or distressing breathing, is often a severe subjective symptom in terminal illness and may be difficult to control. Oxygen therapy is currently one of the interventions used to treat it. This review aimed to identify all randomised controlled studies (RCTs) in which oxygen therapy was used as a treatment ...
Tsekouras Nikolaos - - 2013
Lumbar artery pseudoaneurysms (LAPs) are a rare complication of inferior vena cava (IVC) filters. The few reports in the literature describe treatment of patients presenting with ruptured LAPs. This case report describes the successful management of a symptomatic LAP because of an IVC filter, which initially presented as a retroperitoneal ...
Gomes José Orlando - - 2013
The current work presents results from a cognitive task analysis (CTA) of a nuclear disaster simulation. Audio-visual records were collected from an emergency room team composed of individuals from 26 different agencies as they responded to multiple scenarios in a simulated nuclear disaster. This simulation was part of a national ...
Junejo M A - - 2013
Malignant obstructive jaundice is associated with poor aerobic capacity. We measured oxygen consumption and oxygen extraction (arterial-venous oxygen content) in the legs of nine patients during cardiopulmonary exercise testing before pancreaticoduodenectomy. The median (IQR [range]) peak oxygen consumption was 67 (49-77 [32-84])% of predicted. Normal patterns of oxygen extraction were ...
Brumitt Jason J School of Physical Therapy, Pacific University (Oregon), Hillsboro, - - 2013
Injury to the low back can cause significant pain and dysfunction, which can affect an athlete's performance and result in time lost from sport. A common conservative treatment is therapeutic core stabilization exercises, which can address pain and musculoskeletal dysfunction in patients with low back pathology. MEDLINE and CINAHL were ...
Huxel Bliven Kellie C KC AT Still University, Mesa, - - 2013
Enhancing core stability through exercise is common to musculoskeletal injury prevention programs. Definitive evidence demonstrating an association between core instability and injury is lacking; however, multifaceted prevention programs including core stabilization exercises appear to be effective at reducing lower extremity injury rates. PUBMED WAS SEARCHED FOR EPIDEMIOLOGIC, BIOMECHANIC, AND CLINICAL ...
Arzani Amirhossein A Mechanical Engineering, University of California, Berkeley, CA 94720-1740, - - 2014
Computational fluid dynamics modeling was used to investigate changes in blood transport topology between rest and exercise conditions in five patient-specific abdominal aortic aneurysm models. MRI was used to provide the vascular anatomy and necessary boundary conditions for simulating blood velocity and pressure fields inside each model. Finite-time Lyapunov exponent ...
Denham Joshua - - 2013
Most human phenotypes are influenced by a combination of genomic and environmental factors. Engaging in regular physical exercise prevents many chronic diseases, decreases mortality risk and increases longevity. However, the mechanisms involved are poorly understood. The modulating effect of physical (aerobic and resistance) exercise on gene expression has been known ...
Dobkin Bruce H - - 2013
Rehabilitation for sensorimotor impairments aims to improve daily activities, walking, exercise, and motor skills. Monitoring of practice and measuring outcomes, however, is usually restricted to laboratory-based procedures and self-reports. Mobile health devices may reverse these confounders of daily care and research trials. Wearable, wireless motion sensor data, analyzed by activity ...
Takalokastari Tiina - - 2013
Electrocardiographic (ECG) recordings are usually obtained at rest. In many cases, real-time ECG monitoring in the home environment during daily life would be useful, but that requires a wireless device. The purpose of this study is to evaluate the quality of wireless ECG signals during physical activities. Test data were ...
Kietrys David - - 2013
This excerpt was created in the absence of an abstract.<LEAP> highlights the findings and application of Cochrane reviews and other evidence pertinent to the practice of physical therapy. The Cochrane Library is a respected source of reliable evidence related to health care. Cochrane systematic reviews explore the evidence for and ...
Uysal N - - 2013
It is known that regular aerobic exercise enhances cognitive functions and increases blood insulin-like growth factor 1 (IGF-1) levels. People living in urban areas spend most of their time indoors and indoor air quality can affect health. We investigated the effects of aerobic exercise in poor and good air quality ...
Lloyd Rhodri S - - 2013
The current manuscript has been adapted from the official position statement of the UK Strength and Conditioning Association on youth resistance training. It has subsequently been reviewed and endorsed by leading professional organisations within the fields of sports medicine, exercise science and paediatrics. The authorship team for this article was ...
Riding Nathan R - - 2013
The clinical and economic value of including systematic echocardiography (ECHO) alongside the 12-lead electrocardiograpm (ECG) when undertaking pre-participation screening in athletes has not been examined, yet several sporting organistations recommend its inclusion. To examine the efficacy of systematic ECHO alongside the ECG, to identify sudden cardiac death (SCD) disease and ...
Finch Caroline F - - 2013
Players are the targeted end-users and beneficiaries of exercise-training programmes implemented during coach-led training sessions, and the success of programmes depends upon their active participation. Two variants of an exercise-training programme were incorporated into the regular training schedules of 40 community Australian Football teams, over two seasons. One variant replicated ...
Brown Cynthia J CJ Birmingham/Atlanta VA Geriatric Research, Education, and Clinical Center, Birmingham, Alabama, USA. - - 2013
Mobility limitations are common in older adults, affecting the physical, psychological, and social aspects of an older adult's life. To identify mobility risk factors, screening tools, medical management, need for physical therapy, and efficacy of exercise interventions for older primary care patients with limited mobility. Search of PubMed and PEDro ...
Dedov Vadim N - - 2013
Abstract Purpose: Bilateral and unilateral training equipment for the upper limbs facilitates rehabilitation after stroke. In this work, we tested the first device designed for bilateral training of the lower limbs. Method: Characteristics and usage of the novel MedExercise® ST device were evaluated by four healthy volunteers. A pedometer and ...
Sundqvist Bo - - 2013
Laboratory response networks (LRNs) have been established for security reasons in several countries including the Netherlands, France, and Sweden. LRNs function in these countries as a preparedness measure for a coordinated diagnostic response capability in case of a bioterrorism incident or other biocrimes. Generally, these LRNs are organized on a ...
Lerner Ken K Argonne National Laboratory, Illinios, - - 2013
A simulation cell or SimCell is an effective and flexible tool for control of emergency management exercises. It allows exercise participants to interact, via simulation, with a wide variety of nonplaying organizations and officials. Adapted from military application, the Chemical Stockpile Emergency Preparedness Program (CSEPP) applied, developed, and refined the ...
Picard Martin - - 2013
A unique property of mitochondria in mammalian cells is their ability to physically interact and undergo dynamic events of fusion/fission that remodel their morphology and possibly their function. In cultured cells, metabolic perturbations similar to those incurred during exercise influence mitochondrial fusion and fission processes, but it is unknown whether ...
Sandoval Alexius E G - - 2013
Exercise is an intervention that may be used in the management of multiple sclerosis (MS). Certain exercise physiology characteristics are commonly seen among persons with MS, particularly in the more debilitated. Studies have shown that properly prescribed exercise programs can improve modifiable impairments in MS. Exercise is generally safe and ...
Payne C - - 2013
In this systematic review, we sought to evaluate the effect of physical activity or nutrition interventions (or both) in adults with advanced non-small-cell lung cancer (nsclc). A systematic search for relevant clinical trials was conducted in 6 electronic databases, by hand searching, and by contacting key investigators. No limits were ...
Hyong In Hyouk IH Department of Physical Therapy, Shinsung - - 2013
[Purpose] The purpose of the present study was to examine the effects of squat exercises performed on different surfaces on the activity of the quadriceps femoris muscle in order to provide information on support surfaces for effective squat exercises. [Subjects and Method] Fourteen healthy subjects performed squat exercises for five ...
Lee Sangyong S Department of Physical Therapy, Youngdong - - 2013
[Purpose] The purpose of this study was to determine the effect of hand position changes on electromyographic activity of shoulder stabilizers during push-up plus exercise (PUPE) performed on both stable and unstable surfaces. [Subjects] This study was performed on a cohort of 20 normal adults divided into an unstable surface ...
Natbony Lauren R LR Department of Neurology, University of Pittsburgh School of Medicine , Pittsburgh, - - 2013
Physical therapy, including exercise, improves gait and quality of life in Parkinson's disease (PD). Many programs promoting physical activity have generated significant short-term gains, but adherence has been a problem. A recent evidence-based analysis of clinical trials using physical therapy in PD patients produced four key treatment recommendations: cognitive movement ...
Figueiredo P A - - 2013
Cardiovascular diseases (CVD) are a global epidemic in developed countries. Cumulative evidence suggests that myocyte formation is preserved during postnatal life, in adulthood or senescence, suggesting the existence of a growth reserve of the heart throughout lifespan. Several medical therapeutic approaches to CVD have considerably improved the clinical outcome for ...
Elphick Heather E - - 2013
The most serious complications of cystic fibrosis (CF) relate to respiratory insufficiency. Oxygen supplementation therapy has long been a standard of care for individuals with chronic lung diseases associated with hypoxemia. Physicians commonly prescribe oxygen therapy for people with CF when hypoxemia occurs. However, it is unclear if empiric evidence ...
Close R M - - 2013
Allegations of serious failures in infection control practice were made against a dentist practicing in the South West of England. The dentist (who tested negative for Blood Borne Viruses (BBVs)) was immediately suspended. Because inadequate infection control presents a potential risk of transmitting BBVs between patients, a notification exercise was ...
Lavoy Emily C - - 2013
Latent cytomegalovirus (CMV) infection has been shown to alter the lymphocyte response to acute aerobic exercise, likely due to the corresponding increase in exercise-responsive memory CD8+T-cells. It is unknown if latent infection with another herpesvirus, herpes simplex virus 1 (HSV-1), also plays a role in shaping the lymphocyte response to ...
Garvey Chris - - 2013
Chronic obstructive pulmonary disease is a common, progressive disorder associated with disabling symptoms, skeletal muscle dysfunction, and substantial morbidity and mortality. Current national guidelines recommend pulmonary rehabilitation (PR) to improve dyspnea, functional capacity, and quality of life. Many PR exercise programs are based on guidelines from the American College of ...
Lastayo Paul - - 2013
This non-exhaustive, mini review reports on the application of eccentric exercise in various rehabilitation populations. The two defining properties of eccentric muscle contractions, a potential for high muscle force production at an energy cost that is uniquely low, are revisited and formatted as exercise countermeasures to muscle atrophy, weakness and ...
Baioni Karyn - - 2013
Requirements for emergency preparation and training are a part of medical facility guidelines. At one pediatric level I trauma center with 525 beds and more than 12,000 employees, the perioperative teams received regular evacuation training but had never held a live evacuation exercise, so a team made up of perioperative ...
Teman Nicholas R - - 2013
Early mobility is associated with improved outcomes in critically ill patients with acute respiratory failure. The Avalon Elite Bicaval Dual-Lumen cannula provides support for extracorporeal membrane oxygenation through a single cannula in the internal jugular position in the neck, avoiding femoral cannulation. This allows the patient to participate in early ...
Anand Vijay - - 2013
This article describes an industrial elastic silicone as a material for the laboratory fabrication of ear prosthesis. It has been tested for toxicity in lab animals by the SGS India Pvt. Ltd and approved as a material to pass the parameter of abnormal toxicity. This material therefore can be safely ...
Luprano J - - 2013
Current treatment of Cardiovascular Disease (CVD) - the most frequent cause of hospitalization for people over 65 - involves changes of diet and lifestyle, requiring in addition physical exercise to support these. Nowadays, patients receive sporadic feedback at doctor visits, or later on, when facing symptoms. The HeartCycle project aimed ...
Boyne Pierce P Department of Rehabilitation Sciences, College of Allied Health Sciences, University of Cincinnati, Cincinnati, OH, - - 2013
After stroke, people with weakness enter a vicious cycle of limited activity and deconditioning that limits functional recovery and exacerbates cardiovascular risk factors. Conventional aerobic exercise improves aerobic capacity, function, and overall cardiometabolic health after stroke. Recently, a new exercise strategy has shown greater effectiveness than conventional aerobic exercise for ...
Macedo Luciana Gazzi - - 2013
<LEAP> highlights the findings and application of Cochrane reviews and other evidence pertinent to the practice of physical therapy. The Cochrane Library is a respected source of reliable evidence related to health care. Cochrane systematic reviews explore the evidence for and against the effectiveness and appropriateness of interventions - medications, ...
Graf Julia - - 2013
Group purchasing organizations gain increasing importance with respect to the supply of pharmaceutical products and frequently use multiple, exclusive or partially exclusive rebate contracts to exercise market power. Based on a Hotelling model of horizontal and vertical product differentiation, we examine the controversy around whether a superior rebate scheme exists, ...
Lepp Andrew - - 2013
Today¿s cell phones increase opportunities for activities traditionally defined as sedentary behaviors (e.g., surfing the internet, playing video games). People who participate in large amounts of sedentary behaviors, relative to those who do not, tend to be less physically active, less physically fit, and at greater risk for health problems. ...
Zondervan Daniel K - - 2013
People with severe arm impairment have limited technologies available for retraining their arms, and, if they also have difficulty walking, they often cannot effectively use a manual wheelchair because they cannot grasp and push the pushrim. We are using Lever-Actuated Resonance Assistance (LARA) to solve these problems. A LARA-based device ...
Tang Zhenjin - - 2013
This paper introduces the design, fabrication and evaluation of the second generation prototype of a magnetic resonance compatible finger rehabilitation robot. It can not only be used as a finger rehabilitation training tool after a stroke, but also to study the brain's recovery process during the rehabilitation therapy (ReT). The ...
Ebbers Hans C - - 2013
Biosimilars have been available on the European market since 2006 and experience with their use is increasing. The next wave of biopharmaceuticals that are about to lose patent protection consists of more-complicated products, including many monoclonal antibodies. Guidance has been released on the particulars of a biosimilarity exercise involving these ...
Lurie Jon D - - 2013
BACKGROUND: Falls are the leading cause of fatal and non-fatal injuries among older adults. Exercise programs appear to reduce fall risk, but the optimal type, frequency, and duration of exercise is unknown. External perturbations such as tripping and slipping are a major contributor to falls, and task-specific perturbation training to ...
Murtaugh Bryan - - 2013
Tendinopathy can result from overuse and is experienced in the affected tendon as pain with activity, focal tenderness to palpation, and decreased ability to tolerate tension, which results in decreased functional strength. While tendinopathy often occurs in those who are active, it can occur in those who are inactive. Research ...
Gaynor Peter T - - 2013
Emergency managers are usually operating from one end of the disaster spectrum to the other. The spectrum starts at the low end with preparedness, training and exercises, going through minor incident responses, and then out to the far end, where major crisis response is required. The art of striking the ...
Drobnic Francek - - 2013
This article is a scientific review on the effects of senescence of the respiratory chain and it aims to provide an overview of what role exercise has on the way the aging of the respiratory chain occurs. There are several reasons that explain the lack of exercise in senescent, less ...
Hébert-Losier Kim K Swedish Winter Sports Research Centre, Department of Health Sciences, Mid Sweden University, Östersund, Sweden. - - 2013
Skiing and snowboarding are two activities that significantly contribute to the total number of sports-related injuries reported per year. Strength, endurance and cardiovascular fitness are central components in sports injury prevention. Providing exercises and training recommendations specific to recreational skiers and snowboarders is important in both injury prevention and reducing ...
Jew Corey J - - 2013
The Japanese mudskipper (Periophthalmus modestus), an amphibious fish that possesses many respiratory and locomotive specializations for sojourns onto land, was used as a model to study how changing atmospheric oxygen concentrations during the middle and late Paleozoic Era (400-250 million years ago) may have influenced the emergence and subsequent radiation ...
Biondi Olivier - - 2013
Dysferlinopathy refers to a group of autosomal recessive muscular dystrophies due to mutations in the dysferlin gene causing deficiency of a membrane-bound protein crucially involved in plasma membrane repair. The condition is characterized by marked clinical heterogeneity, the different phenotypes/modes of presentation being unrelated to the genotype. For unknown reasons, ...
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