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Lee Sangyong S Department of Physical Therapy, Youngdong - - 2013
[Purpose] The purpose of this study was to determine the effect of hand position changes on electromyographic activity of shoulder stabilizers during push-up plus exercise (PUPE) performed on both stable and unstable surfaces. [Subjects] This study was performed on a cohort of 20 normal adults divided into an unstable surface ...
Figueiredo P A - - 2013
Cardiovascular diseases (CVD) are a global epidemic in developed countries. Cumulative evidence suggests that myocyte formation is preserved during postnatal life, in adulthood or senescence, suggesting the existence of a growth reserve of the heart throughout lifespan. Several medical therapeutic approaches to CVD have considerably improved the clinical outcome for ...
Elphick Heather E - - 2013
The most serious complications of cystic fibrosis (CF) relate to respiratory insufficiency. Oxygen supplementation therapy has long been a standard of care for individuals with chronic lung diseases associated with hypoxemia. Physicians commonly prescribe oxygen therapy for people with CF when hypoxemia occurs. However, it is unclear if empiric evidence ...
Close R M - - 2013
Allegations of serious failures in infection control practice were made against a dentist practicing in the South West of England. The dentist (who tested negative for Blood Borne Viruses (BBVs)) was immediately suspended. Because inadequate infection control presents a potential risk of transmitting BBVs between patients, a notification exercise was ...
Lavoy Emily C - - 2013
Latent cytomegalovirus (CMV) infection has been shown to alter the lymphocyte response to acute aerobic exercise, likely due to the corresponding increase in exercise-responsive memory CD8+T-cells. It is unknown if latent infection with another herpesvirus, herpes simplex virus 1 (HSV-1), also plays a role in shaping the lymphocyte response to ...
Garvey Chris - - 2013
Chronic obstructive pulmonary disease is a common, progressive disorder associated with disabling symptoms, skeletal muscle dysfunction, and substantial morbidity and mortality. Current national guidelines recommend pulmonary rehabilitation (PR) to improve dyspnea, functional capacity, and quality of life. Many PR exercise programs are based on guidelines from the American College of ...
Lastayo Paul - - 2013
This non-exhaustive, mini review reports on the application of eccentric exercise in various rehabilitation populations. The two defining properties of eccentric muscle contractions, a potential for high muscle force production at an energy cost that is uniquely low, are revisited and formatted as exercise countermeasures to muscle atrophy, weakness and ...
Baioni Karyn - - 2013
Requirements for emergency preparation and training are a part of medical facility guidelines. At one pediatric level I trauma center with 525 beds and more than 12,000 employees, the perioperative teams received regular evacuation training but had never held a live evacuation exercise, so a team made up of perioperative ...
Teman Nicholas R - - 2013
Early mobility is associated with improved outcomes in critically ill patients with acute respiratory failure. The Avalon Elite Bicaval Dual-Lumen cannula provides support for extracorporeal membrane oxygenation through a single cannula in the internal jugular position in the neck, avoiding femoral cannulation. This allows the patient to participate in early ...
Boyne Pierce - - 2013
After stroke, people with weakness enter a vicious cycle of limited activity and deconditioning that limits functional recovery and exacerbates cardiovascular risk factors. Conventional aerobic exercise improves aerobic capacity, function, and overall cardiometabolic health after stroke. Recently, a new exercise strategy has shown greater effectiveness than conventional aerobic exercise for ...
Anand Vijay - - 2013
This article describes an industrial elastic silicone as a material for the laboratory fabrication of ear prosthesis. It has been tested for toxicity in lab animals by the SGS India Pvt. Ltd and approved as a material to pass the parameter of abnormal toxicity. This material therefore can be safely ...
Luprano J - - 2013
Current treatment of Cardiovascular Disease (CVD) - the most frequent cause of hospitalization for people over 65 - involves changes of diet and lifestyle, requiring in addition physical exercise to support these. Nowadays, patients receive sporadic feedback at doctor visits, or later on, when facing symptoms. The HeartCycle project aimed ...
Macedo Luciana Gazzi - - 2013
<LEAP> highlights the findings and application of Cochrane reviews and other evidence pertinent to the practice of physical therapy. The Cochrane Library is a respected source of reliable evidence related to health care. Cochrane systematic reviews explore the evidence for and against the effectiveness and appropriateness of interventions - medications, ...
Graf Julia - - 2013
Group purchasing organizations gain increasing importance with respect to the supply of pharmaceutical products and frequently use multiple, exclusive or partially exclusive rebate contracts to exercise market power. Based on a Hotelling model of horizontal and vertical product differentiation, we examine the controversy around whether a superior rebate scheme exists, ...
Lepp Andrew - - 2013
Today¿s cell phones increase opportunities for activities traditionally defined as sedentary behaviors (e.g., surfing the internet, playing video games). People who participate in large amounts of sedentary behaviors, relative to those who do not, tend to be less physically active, less physically fit, and at greater risk for health problems. ...
Zondervan Daniel K - - 2013
People with severe arm impairment have limited technologies available for retraining their arms, and, if they also have difficulty walking, they often cannot effectively use a manual wheelchair because they cannot grasp and push the pushrim. We are using Lever-Actuated Resonance Assistance (LARA) to solve these problems. A LARA-based device ...
Tang Zhenjin - - 2013
This paper introduces the design, fabrication and evaluation of the second generation prototype of a magnetic resonance compatible finger rehabilitation robot. It can not only be used as a finger rehabilitation training tool after a stroke, but also to study the brain's recovery process during the rehabilitation therapy (ReT). The ...
Ebbers Hans C - - 2013
Biosimilars have been available on the European market since 2006 and experience with their use is increasing. The next wave of biopharmaceuticals that are about to lose patent protection consists of more-complicated products, including many monoclonal antibodies. Guidance has been released on the particulars of a biosimilarity exercise involving these ...
Lurie Jon D - - 2013
BACKGROUND: Falls are the leading cause of fatal and non-fatal injuries among older adults. Exercise programs appear to reduce fall risk, but the optimal type, frequency, and duration of exercise is unknown. External perturbations such as tripping and slipping are a major contributor to falls, and task-specific perturbation training to ...
Murtaugh Bryan - - 2013
Tendinopathy can result from overuse and is experienced in the affected tendon as pain with activity, focal tenderness to palpation, and decreased ability to tolerate tension, which results in decreased functional strength. While tendinopathy often occurs in those who are active, it can occur in those who are inactive. Research ...
Gaynor Peter T - - 2013
Emergency managers are usually operating from one end of the disaster spectrum to the other. The spectrum starts at the low end with preparedness, training and exercises, going through minor incident responses, and then out to the far end, where major crisis response is required. The art of striking the ...
Drobnic Francek - - 2013
This article is a scientific review on the effects of senescence of the respiratory chain and it aims to provide an overview of what role exercise has on the way the aging of the respiratory chain occurs. There are several reasons that explain the lack of exercise in senescent, less ...
Jew Corey J - - 2013
The Japanese mudskipper (Periophthalmus modestus), an amphibious fish that possesses many respiratory and locomotive specializations for sojourns onto land, was used as a model to study how changing atmospheric oxygen concentrations during the middle and late Paleozoic Era (400-250 million years ago) may have influenced the emergence and subsequent radiation ...
Biondi Olivier - - 2013
Dysferlinopathy refers to a group of autosomal recessive muscular dystrophies due to mutations in the dysferlin gene causing deficiency of a membrane-bound protein crucially involved in plasma membrane repair. The condition is characterized by marked clinical heterogeneity, the different phenotypes/modes of presentation being unrelated to the genotype. For unknown reasons, ...
Fager Susan Koch - - 2013
Abstract Purpose: To understand individuals' perceptions of technology use during inpatient rehabilitation. Method: A qualitative phenomenological study using semi-structured interviews of 10 individuals with diverse underlying diagnoses and/or a close family member who participated in inpatient rehabilitation. Results: Core themes focused on assistive technology usage (equipment set-up, reliability and fragility ...
Lubis Andri Maruli Tua - - 2013
BACKGROUND: Frozen shoulder is characterized with thickening and contracture of joint capsular. The mechanism of this disorder is not yet clear, however, some proteins have been related to frozen shoulder. This study was to compare the serum levels of proteins related to frozen shoulder, such as matrix metalloproteinase (MMP), tissue ...
Walterspacher Stephan - - 2013
Abstract Stair climbing is associated with dynamic pulmonary hyperinflation and the development of severe dyspnea in patients with chronic obstructive pulmonary disease (COPD). This study aimed to assess whether (i) continuous positive airway pressure (CPAP) applied during stair climbing prevents dynamic hyperinflation and thereby reduces exercise-induced dyspnea in oxygen-dependent COPD-patients, ...
Mays Ryan J RJ Division of Cardiology, Department of Medicine, University of Colorado Anschutz Medical Campus, 12631 East 17th Avenue, Mailstop B130, Building AO1, Room 7107, Aurora, CO, 80045, USA, - - 2013
Peripheral artery disease (PAD) creates a significant national and international healthcare burden. A first line treatment for PAD is supervised walking exercise in hospitals and clinics. Specifically, supervised walking exercise seeks to improve the classic symptom associated with PAD, intermittent claudication (IC), which is characterized by cramping, aching, and pain ...
Negrier C - - 2013
Most health care professionals involved in the management of people with haemophilia (PWH) believe that exercise is beneficial and its practice is widely encouraged. This article aims to demonstrate that appropriate exercise (adapted to the special needs of the individual PWH) may be beneficial for all PWH through improved physical, ...
Martuscello Jason M - - 2013
A consensus has not been reached among strength and conditioning specialists regarding what physical fitness exercises are most effective to stimulate activity of the core muscles. Thus, the purpose of this paper was to systematically review the literature on the electromyographic (EMG) activity of three core muscles (lumbar multifidus, transverse ...
Larsson Johan - - 2013
This article discusses the available literature on refractoriness in exercise-induced bronchoconstriction, namely, a decrease in airway responsiveness with repeated exercise challenges. The mechanisms of this naturally occurring protective feature is unknown. Reviewing previous studies together with findings in more recent studies, the authors propose desensitization of the G protein-coupled cysteinyl ...
Chen Jennifer Yan - - 2013
We present two cases of food and exercise-induced anaphylaxis (FEIA) in patients with a diagnosis of oral allergy syndrome (OAS) to the implicated foods. Patient A had FEIA attributed to fresh coriander and tomato and Patient B to fresh celery. These food allergens have been implicated in OAS and have ...
Martí Sergi - - 2013
Background:Correction of exercise hypoxemia in advanced lung diseases is crucial and often challenging. However, oxygen-conserving devices have been introduced in the market with limited evidence of its effectiveness. In the present study, the efficacy of two oxygen-conserving devices, a pulse demand oxygen delivery (DOD) system and pendant reservoir cannula (PRC), ...
van Beijsterveldt A M C - - 2013
BACKGROUND: The incidence of soccer (football) injuries is among the highest in sports. Despite this high rate, insufficient evidence is available on the efficacy of preventive training programmes on injury incidence. OBJECTIVE: To systematically study the evidence on preventive exercise-based training programmes to reduce the incidence of injuries in soccer. ...
Hébert-Losier Kim - - 2013
BACKGROUND: Skiing and snowboarding are two activities that significantly contribute to the total number of sports-related injuries reported per year. Strength, endurance and cardiovascular fitness are central components in sports injury prevention. Providing exercises and training recommendations specific to recreational skiers and snowboarders is important in both injury prevention and ...
Littlewood Chris - - 2013
This paper describes a self-managed loaded exercise programme which has been designed to address the pain and disability associated with rotator cuff tendinopathy. The intervention has been developed with reference to current self-management theory and with reference to the emerging benefit of loaded exercise for tendinopathy. This self-managed loaded exercise ...
Gin June L - - 2013
Emergency managers are often charged with prioritizing the relative importance of key issues and tasks associated with disaster response. However, little work has been done to identify specific ways that the decision-making process can be improved. This exercise was conducted with 220 employees of the US Department of Veterans Affairs, ...
Lima Lidiane Oliveira - - 2013
Does progressive resistance exercise improve strength and measures of physical performance in people with Parkinson's disease? Systematic review with meta-analysis of randomised and quasi-randomised controlled trials. People with Parkinson's disease, regardless of gender or level of disability. Progressive resistance exercise, defined as involving repetitive, strong, or effortful muscle contractions and ...
Okumura Tetsu - - 2013
Japan has experienced numerous incidents of chemical disasters and terrorist attacks. Here we review the history of changes in countermeasures against such incidents. Since 2004, the Civil Protection Law, more formally known as the "Law Concerning the Measures for Protection of the People in Armed Attack Situations etc" was enacted ...
Chang Christine J - - 2013
To review exercise, surgical treatment, and intermittent pneumatic compression in the risk reduction and treatment of lymphedema, and to provide applications of the evidence to the care of the oncology patient with or at risk for lymphedema. Systematic reviews of the contemporary literature (2004-2010) examining exercise, surgical treatment, and intermittent ...
De Lisio Michael - - 2013
ABSTRACT: The effects of exercise on mature cells of the hematopoietic lineage have been well characterized; however, the effects of exercise on the more primitive cells of the hematopoietic system are unknown. Here we propose that the benefits of exercise apply to hematopoietic progenitors and that exercise increases hematopoietic stem ...
Nathawad Rita - - 2013
Introduction In the event of an outbreak of a communicable respiratory illness, quarantine may become necessary. The New York Institute for All Hazard Preparedness (NYIAHP) of the State University of New York (SUNY) Downstate Medical Center, in cooperation with the New York City Department of Health and Mental Hygiene's Healthcare ...
Brearley Matt B - - 2013
Introduction Responses to physical activity while wearing personal protective equipment in hot laboratory conditions are well documented. However less is known of medical professionals responding to an emergency in hot field conditions in standard attire. Therefore, the purpose of this study was to assess the physiological responses of medical responders ...
Berry Tanya R - - 2013
The relationship of attributed source (commercial or nonprofit) and credibility of exercise advertisements to explicit and implicit exercise-related attitudes and intentions was examined. Male and female participants (N = 227) were randomly assigned to watch health or appearance-related advertisements and then completed an implicit attitudes task and questionnaires. Health advertisements ...
Roth Jesse - - 2013
The people afflicted with obesity and its consequences need a menu of low-cost programmes to mitigate the over-nutrition and under-activity that underlie their condition. This editorial commentary points out the multiple merits (and shortcomings) of the Nordic walking - with ski poles - presented in an accompanying article. The Nordic ...
Confalonieri Michele - - 2013
In this work, we present the results of collaboration between an engineering department and a rehabilitation hospital in using innovative touch interfaces properly designed for both neurocognitive and physical rehabilitation. The novel touch interface also measures force, thereby enabling dexterity training through 'direct' manipulation of virtual objects in 3D. Two ...
Hawley John A - - 2013
In recent years, advances in molecular biology have allowed scientists to elucidate how endurance exercise training stimulates skeletal muscle remodeling (i.e. promotes mitochondrial biogenesis). A growing field of interest directly arising from our understanding of the molecular bases of training adaptation is how nutrient availability can alter the regulation of ...
Liederbach Marijeanne - - 2013
Fatigue is often thought of as any transient exercise-induced reduction of work capacity. In fact, it is a complex phenomenon caused by overlapping and interacting peripheral and central mechanisms. There is a known relationship between fatigue, diminished performance, and injury. This paper reviews what is currently known about fatigue in ...
Morrissey Dylan D Centre for Sports and Exercise Medicine, Queen Mary University of London, Barts and The London School of Medicine and Dentistry, Mile End Hospital, London, - - 2013
To report about the intercalated Bsc(Hons) in Sports and Exercise Medicine at Barts and The London School of Medicine and Dentistry (BLSMD), Queen Mary University of London. Educational study. The course is currently in its tenth year, providing medical students with the opportunity to develop knowledge in the field of ...
Zondervan Daniel K DK Department of Mechanical and Aerospace Engineering, University of California at Irvine, Irvine, USA. - - 2013
Robotic arm therapy devices that incorporate actuated assistance can enhance arm recovery, motivate patients to practice, and allow therapists to deliver semi-autonomous training. However, because such devices are often complex and actively apply forces, they have not achieved widespread use in rehabilitation clinics or at home. This paper describes the ...
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