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Ustinova Ksenia I KI Doctoral Program in Physical Therapy, Central Michigan University , Mount Pleasant, MI , USA - - 2014
Abstract The purpose of this study was to test the effects of a conventional exercise program designed for correcting postural and coordination abnormalities in patients with mild-to-moderate traumatic brain injury (TBI). Using principles of motor learning applied to functional exercise training, exercises were performed while lying, sitting, standing and walking, ...
Clijsen Ron R R. Clijsen, PhD, Department of Health Sciences, University of Applied Sciences and Arts of Southern Switzerland, Weststrasse 8, CH-7302 Landquart, Switzerland, and Health Department, University College Physiotherapy, "Thim van der Laan," Landquart, - - 2014
This systematic review and meta-analysis was accomplished to determine whether exercise therapy is an effective intervention to reduce pain and patient-reported measures of activity limitations and participation restrictions (PRMALP) in patients with patellofemoral pain. Randomized controlled trials in English and German language, published in Medline, PEDro and Cochrane databases were ...
Nijs Jo J Pain in Motion Research Group(1); Departments of Human Physiology and Physiotherapy, Faculty of Physical Education & Physiotherapy, Vrije Universiteit Brussel, Belgium; Department of Physical Medicine and Physiotherapy, University Hospital Brussels, Belgium. Electronic address: - - 2014
Even though nociceptive pathology has often long subsided, the brain of patients with chronic musculoskeletal pain has typically acquired a protective (movement-related) pain memory. Exercise therapy for patients with chronic musculoskeletal pain is often hampered by such pain memories. Here the authors explain how musculoskeletal therapists can alter pain memories ...
Ryan Richella R aCambridge University Hospitals NHS Foundation Trust bUniversity of Cambridge, Cambridge, - - 2014
To review the science of breathlessness and demonstrate how current therapeutic interventions for breathlessness target the known underlying mechanisms. There is increasing evidence that breathlessness is experienced in multiple dimensions. The underlying mechanisms relate to the perceptual processes involved, the emotional response and the functional impact. The theory that breathlessness ...
de Oliveira Erick Prado EP School of Medicine, Federal University of Uberlândia, Av. Pará, no 1720 Bloco 2U, Campus Umuarama, Uberlândia, Minas Gerais, 38400-902, Brazil, - - 2014
Gastrointestinal problems are common, especially in endurance athletes, and often impair performance or subsequent recovery. Generally, studies suggest that 30-50 % of athletes experience such complaints. Most gastrointestinal symptoms during exercise are mild and of no risk to health, but hemorrhagic gastritis, hematochezia, and ischemic bowel can present serious medical challenges. ...
Smits Benjamin L M BL Center for Human Movement Sciences, University Medical Center Groningen, University of Groningen, Groningen, The - - 2014
In pursuit of optimal performance, athletes and physical exercisers alike have to make decisions about how and when to invest their energy. The process of pacing has been associated with the goal-directed regulation of exercise intensity across an exercise bout. The current review explores divergent views on understanding underlying mechanisms ...
Crary Michael A MA aSwallowing Research Laboratory, Department of Speech, Language, and Hearing Sciences bSwallowing Research Laboratory, Department of Behavioral Science and Community Health, University of Florida, Gainesville, Florida, - - 2014
To review recent literature depicting a shift in dysphagia rehabilitation in adults. Distinguishing rehabilitation from compensation in dysphagia management, a review of basic exercise principles is followed by description of recent publications depicting exercise-based therapies. Subsequently, transcutaneous electrical stimulation (TES) is reviewed as it may contribute to exercise-based dysphagia rehabilitation ...
Stojanovska Lily L College of Health and Biomedicine, Centre for Chronic Disease Prevention and Management, Victoria University, PO Box 14428, Melbourne, Vic. 8001, Australia. Electronic address: - - 2014
Menopausal symptoms in women can be severe and disruptive to overall quality of life. Hormone replacement therapy, is known to be effective in ameliorating symptoms, however, reporting of side effects has resulted in alternative treatment options. Exercise has been assessed as an alternative treatment option for alleviating menopausal symptoms, including, ...
Smith Hilary J HJ Physical Therapy Department, Franciscan Hospital for Children, Brighton, - - 2014
This case report describes the physical therapy examination, intervention, and outcomes for a 5-year-old girl who developed choreoathetosis following mitral valve repair. This child was admitted to an inpatient short-term rehabilitation program with marked choreoathetosis and dependence for all functional mobility. She received physical therapy twice a day for 5 ...
Saraswati Sitaraman S Department of Biochemistry, Dayananda Sagar Institutions, Shavige Malleshwara Hills, Kumaraswamy Layout, Bengaluru, 560078, Karnataka, - - 2013
Given the centrality of evolutionary theory to the study of biology, we present a strategy for reinforcing its importance by appropriately recontextualizing classic and well-known experiments that are not explicitly linked with evolution in conventional texts. This exercise gives students an appreciation of the applicability of the theory of evolution ...
Gebremariam Lukas - - 2013
The subacromial impingement syndrome (SIS) includes the rotator cuff syndrome, tendonitis and bursitis of the shoulder. Treatment includes surgical and non-surgical modalities. Non-surgical treatment is used to reduce pain, to decrease the subacromial inflammation, to heal the compromised rotator cuff and to restore satisfactory function of the shoulder. To select ...
Lee Hyo Jeong - - 2013
Biofeedback therapy is an instrument-based learning process centered on operant conditioning. The goal of biofeedback therapy in defecatory disorders is to strengthen the pelvic floor muscles, retrain rectal sensation and coordinate pelvic floor muscles during evacuation. Biofeedback therapy, in a broader sense, includes education, counseling, and diaphragmatic muscle training as ...
Cates Sharon - - 2013
Exercise is Medicine is a global health initiative of the American College of Sports Medicine. Their goal is to improve the health of every patient through prescriptive exercise, which is a goal-oriented plan for any patient to increase physical exercise. The gastrointestinal nurse works in various settings with a variety ...
Negahban Hossein - - 2013
Objective:The primary aim was to investigate the comparative effects of massage therapy and exercise therapy on patients with multiple sclerosis. The secondary aim was to investigate whether combination of both massage and exercise has an additive effect.Design:Randomized controlled pilot trial with repeated measurements and blinded assessments.Setting:Local Multiple Sclerosis Society.Subjects:A total ...
Pinto Daniel - - 2013
To evaluate the cost effectiveness of manual physiotherapy, exercise physiotherapy, and a combination of these therapies for patients with osteoarthritis of the hip or knee. 206 adults who met the American College of Rheumatology criteria for hip or knee osteoarthritis were included in an economic evaluation from the perspectives of ...
Palmer Rebecca - - 2013
Speech and language therapy (SLT) for aphasia can be difficult to access in the later stages of stroke recovery, despite evidence of continued improvement with sufficient therapeutic intensity. Computerized aphasia therapy has been reported to be useful for independent language practice, providing new opportunities for continued rehabilitation. The success of ...
Okoshi Marina Politi - - 2013
Heart failure patients often develop cachexia, which is an independent factor for survival reduction. Cachexia can be diagnosed when there is loss of more than 6% of the body weight, in the absence of other diseases. Even though its pathophysiology has not yet been completely clarified, various factors seem to ...
Schoenfeld Brad - - 2013
ABSTRACT: It has been well-documented in the literature that resistance training can promote marked increases in skeletal muscle mass. Post-exercise hypertrophic adaptations are mediated by a complex enzymatic cascade whereby mechanical tension is molecularly transduced into anabolic and catabolic signals that ultimately leads to a compensatory response, shifting muscle protein ...
Del Vecchio Fabrício Boscolo - - 2013
This response to Paillard (2011) focuses on the intermittent nature of mixed martial arts (MMA). It also emphasizes that the main goal of MMA athletes is to win by knockout or submission and that these actions normally are high-intensity actions or preceded by high-intensity actions. Additionally, there is evidence that ...
Corsonello Andrea - - 2013
Oxygen (O2) is a vital element. Shortage of O2 results in deranged metabolism and important changes in vascular tone with opposite effects on the systemic and pulmonary circulation. During hypoxemia, oxidative stress exposes the organism to a sort of accelerated senescence as well as to several acute untoward effects. Thus, ...
Rosado-Dawid N Z - - 2013
Physical exercise has been related with both beneficial effects on the gastrointestinal tract as with adverse effects on the latter. Gastrointestinal bleeding is one of these. In general, gastrointestinal bleeding is transient and mild. However, some cases caused by intestinal ischemia can sometimes be more serious due to the amount ...
Kosztyła-Hojna Bożena - - 2012
Voice quality disorders - dysphonias are the significant problem from therapeutic, social and economic point of view. The routine therapy does not always bring spectacular effects. The important role play the innovative methods supporting therapy of voice quality disorders. PURPOSE: The aim of the study is to assess the effects ...
Gavin Michael C - - 2012
A 50-year-old woman presented with fatigue and shortness of breath. Dyspnea after moderate exertion had developed gradually, along with profound malaise and a nonproductive cough. In the 48 hours before admission, her shortness of breath had worsened.
Wolpin Seth - - 2011
Traditional approaches to patient-reported outcomes diaries have been largely paper based. However, paper-based approaches have inherent inefficiencies such as an inability to communicate the entries in real time to the healthcare team, issues related to transport and mobility, and no tailored output related to what is entered. Traditional paper-based approaches ...
Seip Richard L - - 2011
Hepatic lipase (HL) and lipoprotein lipase (LPL) activities (HLA, LPLA) modify lipoproteins and facilitate their binding to hepatic receptors. Apolipoprotein E (APOE) physically interacts with the lipases, and the three common haplotypes of the APOE gene (ε2, ε3, and ε4) yield protein isoforms (E2, E3, and E4, respectively) that are ...
Bungay Vicky - - 2011
Sex work research continues to be characterised by debates around decriminalization. Central to these debates are claims about the agency of those involved in the sex trade. Some researchers argue that individuals involved in the sex trade are victims of structural and interpersonal constraint, whilst others depict them as workers ...
Garrison David - - 2011
Clinical clerkship directors and faculty undertake the challenge of teaching patient-centered communication to students who face the enormous doctor-centered task of learning diagnostic medicine. The authors examined students' written reactions to the narrative exercise, which, drawing from narrative medicine and narrative therapy, challenges students to be more patient-centered by writing ...
Friis Ulla G - - 2010
Acid/base homeostasis is one of the most difficult subdisciplines of physiology for medical students to master. A different approach, where theory and practice are linked, might help students develop a deeper understanding of acid/base homeostasis. We therefore set out to develop a laboratory exercise in acid/base physiology that would provide ...
Cabral T S - - 2011
In October 2009, the International Atomic Energy Agency (IAEA) sponsored an intercomparison exercise of surface contamination monitoring equipment, which was held at the Laboratório Nacional de Metrologia das Radiações Ionizantes, from the Instituto de Radioproteção e Dosimetria, IRD/CNEN, Rio de Janeiro. This intercomparison was performed to evaluate the calibration accessibility ...
Castellani C-M - - 2011
A training course named 'European Radiation Dosimetry Group/International Atomic Energy Agency Advanced Training Course on Internal Dose Assessment' was held in Czech Technical University in Prague from 2 to 6 February 2009. The course, jointly organised by the two organisations, had the aim of providing guidance on the application of ...
Forman Daniel E - - 2010
Cardiopulmonary exercise testing (CPX) is a relatively old technology, but has sustained relevance for many primary care clinical scenarios in which it is, ironically, rarely considered. Advancing computer technology has made CPX easier to administer and interpret at a time when our aging population is more prone to comorbidities and ...
Nary Dorothy E DE Gerontology Center, Schiefelbush Institute for Life Span Studies, The University of Kansas, 1000 Sunnyside, Dole 3090, Lawrence, KS 66045, United - - 2011
This paper describes recruitment challenges and lessons learned in conducting a randomized controlled exercise trial in the absence of direct access to a clinical population. One-hundred thirty-five wheelchair users were enrolled in a home and community-based intervention to promote exercise adoption and maintenance. Over 44 months of recruitment, 355 individuals ...
Araz Ozgur M - - 2012
As seen in the spring 2009 A/H1N1 influenza outbreak, influenza pandemics can have profound social, legal and economic effects. This experience has also made the importance of public health preparedness exercises more evident. Universities face unique challenges with respect to pandemic preparedness due to their dense student populations, location within ...
Dantas B M - - 2011
An in vivo intercomparison exercise, organised in the scope of the IAEA Regional Latin American (RLA) Project 9066, was carried out in 2009 aimed to harmonise measurement procedures on the measurement of (131)I in the thyroid among Latin American and Caribbean countries. The exercise consisted in the measurement of an ...
Wagar Elizabeth A - - 2010
CONTEXT: The anthrax incident of 2001 in the United States prompted the College of American Pathologists (CAP), the Association of Public Health Laboratories, and the Centers for Disease Control and Prevention to develop exercises for Laboratory Response Network (LRN) sentinel laboratories. OBJECTIVE: To provide an overview of the results of ...
Nelson Mark - - 2010
Ultimately what we do as doctors is intervene in our patients to alleviate symptoms (palliate), or reduce risk (prevent), or abort (cure) disease processes. Such interventions do not have to be drugs. They can be simple prognostic reassurance, an exercise regimen, counselling, meditation, or any other modality of care.
Tartaglione Girolamo - - 2010
In this technical report, prepared following the kind invitation of Professor D'Amore, we describe the evolution in the methodology of performing the limb lymphoscintigraphy. In details we described and compared the rest protocol with subcutaneous injection of the radio-colloids vs. the exercise intradermal injection protocol. The latter appears to be ...
Hudak Steven J - - 2010
PURPOSE: Virtual reality surgical simulation is an emerging technology that may eventually fill the gaps in surgical education created by changes in our medical system. We assessed the construct validity of a commercially available, virtual reality transurethral prostate resection simulator. MATERIALS AND METHODS: Participants performed 2, 5-minute transurethral prostate resection ...
Salen Philip - - 2010
This exploratory study compared the screening ability of a newly introduced radiation detection portal with a traditional Geiger counter for detection of radiation contamination in the setting of a mass casualty training exercise. Following a pretrial evaluation of interobserver reliability for Geiger counter use, 30 volunteers were randomly assigned to ...
Cant Michael A - - 2011
In human societies, social behaviour is strongly influenced by threats of punishment, even though the threats themselves rarely need to be exercised. Recent experimental evidence suggests that similar hidden threats can promote cooperation and limit within-group selfishness in some animal systems. In other animals, however, threats appear to be ineffective. ...
Hennessey Morgan - - 2010
The National Center for Food Protection and Defense (NCFPD), which is led by the University of Minnesota, hosted an international food defense exercise on 27 to 29 May 2008. Established in 2004, NCFPD is a Department of Homeland Security Center of Excellence with the mission of defending the food system ...
Blamey G - - 2010
Exercise programmes for people with haemophilia are usually designed and implemented to help manage the recovery after a haemarthrosis or a muscle bleed, or as a tool to help prevent bleeding episodes from occurring. In this article, we have identified individual components of exercise that are often applied as separate ...
Bhagwat Milind - - 2010
Cardiopulmonary exercise testing is a non-invasive, objective method of assessing integrated response of heart, lungs and musculoskeletal system to incremental exercise. Though it has been in use for a few decades, the recent rise in its use as a preoperative test modality is reviewed. A brief account of cardiopulmonary exercise ...
Thapa Mahesh M - - 2010
The educational objectives for this self-assessment module are for the participant to exercise, self-assess, and improve his or her understanding of the imaging spectrum of pediatric foot alignment issues.
Cooke S J - - 2010
Recent global and regional exercises have been undertaken to identify 100 questions of relevance to policy makers that, if answered, would improve decision making and conservation actions. These were intentionally broad, but all included themes and questions of relevance to aquatic and fisheries professionals (e.g. exploitation, habitat alteration, effectiveness of ...
Amonette William E - - 2010
Evidence-based practice (EBP) is a concept that was popularized in the early 1990s by several physicians who recognized that medical practice should be based on the best and most current available evidence. Although this concept seems self-evident, much of medical practice was based on outdated textbooks and oral tradition passed ...
Faupin Arnaud - - 2010
The aim of this study was to investigate muscle activity, kinematic, and handgrip-force pattern generation during handcycling. One able-bodied participant performed a 1-min exercise test on a handcycle at 70 revolutions per minute. This article proposes an original data collection and analysis methodology that gathers synchronized kinematics, kinetics, and electromyography. ...
D'Souza Henry John Baptist - - 2010
While the practice of using a smaller number of non-zero standards (typically seven to eight) has not been entertained in routine bioanalytical work, it is important to innovate and be pragmatic about minimizing the number of calibration standards to promote cost-effective and speedy assessment. In this exercise, two important compounds, ...
Davids Matthew S - - 2010
Hematologists/oncologists would provide essential care for victims of a catastrophic radiation incident, such as the detonation of an improvised nuclear device (IND). The US Radiation Injury Treatment Network (RITN) is a voluntary consortium of 37 academic medical centers, 8 blood donor centers, and 7 umbilical cord banks focused on preparedness ...
Darling Edward - - 2010
A survey by our department revealed that most of the institutions in New England and New York have written protocols for low-volume, high-risk, emergency events but few of these centers formally practice these protocols through simulation. We hypothesized that hands-on experience with medical emergency protocols will significantly improve clinician performance. ...
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