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Results 401 - 450 of 729
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Rothbaum Daniel L DL Department of Otolaryngology-Head and Neck Surgery, Johns Hopkins Hospital, MD 21287, USA. - - 2002
Micropick fenestration of the stapes footplate, a difficult step in stapedotomy, was selected for trials evaluating the potential for robotic assistance (RA) to improve clinical measures of surgical performance. In a surgical model of stapedotomy, we measured accuracy of fenestration to a desired point location and force applied to the ...
Sriram R - - 2002
OBJECTIVE: To report a follow-up postal survey to one conducted in 1998 assessing the feasibility of standardizing urodynamic practice in the West Midlands region. METHODS: From the initial survey there was interest in standardizing the practice of urodynamics and a few simple guidelines were proposed. The postal survey was repeated ...
Tirez Kristof - - 2002
The mercury mass fraction has been determined by atomic fluorescence spectrometry (AFS) in the framework of the project "Certification of a reference material (trace elements in fly ash) in replacement of BCR CRM 176". Calculation of the uncertainty budget, as described in this manuscript, emphasizes a practical and realistic approach ...
Kopman Aaron F - - 2002
PURPOSE OF REVIEW: For more than three decades, 'experts' in the clinical pharmacology of neuromuscular blocking agents have advocated routine intraoperative use of peripheral nerve stimulators as monitors of neuromuscular function. This advice is far from universally honored in practice. In part, this dichotomy between 'accepted wisdom' and actual day-to-day ...
Pocock Stuart J - - 2002
Survival plots of time-to-event data are a key component for reporting results of many clinical trials (and cohort studies). However, mistakes and distortions often arise in the display and interpretation of survival plots. This article aims to highlight such pitfalls and provide recommendations for future practice. Findings are illustrated by ...
Stifelman Michael - - 2002
OBJECTIVES: To evaluate and compare the three commercially available first-generation hand-assisted laparoscopic (HAL) devices in a prospective, randomized fashion. HAL nephrectomy has become an increasingly popular surgical modality. METHODS: Sixty-seven board-certified urologists each performed two HAL nephrectomies in a porcine laboratory, using two different hand devices, at a learning course ...
Thorson James A - - 2002
The author introduced the "Lifeboat"exercise as a death-and-dying teaching technique in an article that appeared in the first volume of Death Studies (J. A.Thorson, 1978). It is a classroom exercise designed to illustrate the varying levels of social value placed on terminally ill patients. Using "Lifeboat" with different groups in ...
Rangachari P K - - 2002
An evaluation exercise was developed for a third-year undergraduate problem-based course in pharmacology for science students. They were asked to design a clinical trial to evaluate a novel drug for an existing condition or an established drug for a novel condition. The exercise was assessed on both required elements (provision ...
Medina Marelyn - - 2002
A method for creating a tissue model using a female rabbit for laparoscopic simulation exercises is described. The specimen is called a Rabbit Tissue Model (RTM). Dissection techniques are described for transforming the rabbit carcass into a small, compact unit that can be used for multiple training sessions. Preservation is ...
Moores Leon E - - 2002
Individual or collective preparedness for an attack involving weapons of mass destruction (WMD) must be based on an analysis of the threat. In threat assessment one takes many factors into account, including the physical and psychological parameters of the attacker. Although the potential devastation caused by WMD is significant, there ...
Martin Roger L - - 2002
Executives who want to make their organizations better corporate citizens face many obstacles: If they undertake costly initiatives that their rivals don't embrace, they risk eroding their company's competitive position. If they invite government oversight, they may be hampered by costly regulations. And if they adopt wage scales and working ...
O'Toole Tara - - 2002
On 22--23 June 2001, the Johns Hopkins Center for Civilian Biodefense Strategies, in collaboration with the Center for Strategic and International Studies, the Analytic Services Institute for Homeland Security, and the Oklahoma National Memorial Institute for the Prevention of Terrorism, held a senior-level exercise entitled "Dark Winter" that simulated a ...
Basnet Badri B - - 2002
A geographic information system (GIS) based manure application plan has been developed for the site-specific application of animal waste to agricultural fields in the Westbrook sub-catchment of the Murray-Darling Basin, south-east Queensland, Australia. Sites suitable for animal waste application were identified using a GIS based weighted linear combination (WLC) model. ...
Alonso Antonio - - 2002
The Spanish and Portuguese working group (GEP) of international society for forensic genetics (ISFG) 1999-2000 collaborative exercise on mitochondrial DNA (mtDNA) included the analysis of four bloodstain samples and one hair shaft sample by 19 participating laboratories from Spain, Portugal and several Latin-American countries. A wide range of sequence results ...
Bé Marie-Martine - - 2002
This evaluation of the complete decay scheme of 169Yb sums up the recent measurements carried out during an international exercise in which 11 laboratories were involved, and also takes into account other independent experiments. As a result of the numerous high-quality measurements available, the decay scheme is shown to be ...
Ledbetter Mary Lee S - - 2002
Membrane transport is a fundamental concept that undergraduate students of cell biology understand better with laboratory experience. Formal teaching exercises commonly used to illustrate this concept are unbiological, qualitative, or intricate and time consuming to prepare. We have developed an exercise that uses uptake of radiolabeled nutrient analogues by attachment-dependent ...
de Affonseca M S - - 2002
This paper verifies the effects of urbanization on the original levels of environmental gamma radiation in an anomalous area. The fieldwork was done in the city of Guarapari, on the seacoast of the state of Espírito Santo, Brazil. This place was chosen because the whole region is naturally rich in ...
Guziewicz Megan - - 2002
The goal of this laboratory exercise is to increase student understanding of the impact of nervous system function at both the organismal and cellular levels. This inquiry-based exercise is designed for an undergraduate course examining principles of cell biology. After observing the movement of Caenorhabditis elegans with defects in their ...
Morel Jean - - 2002
During the recent international uranium exercise organized by the ESARDA NDA Working Group, several participants determined the uranium enrichment of samples using methods based on analysis of the XKalpha region of the uranium spectrum. For these methods, no calibration with known enrichment standards is required but accurate knowledge of nuclear ...
Rosenthal David A - - 2002
The implementation of IT within any healthcare organization is a demanding and intense exercise in the management of both technical (systemic) and non-technical (social) influences and factors, and the project process is often fraught with unforeseen obstacles or impediments to success. Project success depends as much on a specific understanding ...
Dodson Thomas B - - 2002
Evidence-based clinical practice requires the development and refinement of literature searching, appraisal skills, and clinical experience. Answering clinical questions using evidence-based methods can be time-intensive, but as one becomes more familiar with the methods, it becomes a fairly straightforward process. For example, it took less than an hour to complete ...
Ramost M M O - - 2002
In December 2000 the International Atomic Energy Agency sponsored an intercomparison of radiation protection area monitoring instruments which was held at the Instituto de Radioproteção e Dosimetria--IRD/CNEN, Rio de Janeiro. Brazil. This intercomparison exercise was aimed at evaluating the ability of some Latin American and Caribbean countries to perform calibrations ...
Anell Anders - - 2002
The pharmacy market in many European countries is characterised by individual, privately-owned pharmacies that operate under tight government control regarding barriers to entry, scope of activities and profit margins. In Iceland, many of these restrictions were relaxed in 1996 in the hope of stimulating competition. Similar changes were introduced in ...
Pretty Iain A - - 2002
Mass casualty incidents continue to require the services of forensic dentists to determine the identity of victims. Across North America and Europe. teams of forensic dentists train, using mock disaster exercises, to prepare for such duties. It is vital that these mock exercises simulate the features of real disaster situations ...
Anderson Brenda J - - 2002
Behavioral manipulations such as housing in an enriched environment have been shown to increase brain weight and visual cortical thickness. The present study was designed to test whether skill learning or repetitive movements can alter the thickness of the motor cortex. One group of 6-mo-old Long-Evans female rats learned motor ...
Bostrom Barry A - - 2002
HOLDING: In the accelerating rush to judgment that occurred here, a series of legal errors and missteps following a preliminary hearing compounded what was already an excruciatingly difficult and complex situation. The record strongly suggests that no one involved in the protective proceeding had ever communicated directly with baby AMB's ...
Garmer Karin - - 2002
A need for a hand-ergonomics training kit has been identified to increase critical thinking concerning choice of hand tools. This study deals with the design, use and evaluation of a hand-ergonomics training kit for use in ergonomics training programmes. The effects on awareness of hand ergonomics among training course participants ...
Nelson David L - - 2002
SUMMARY The professions of physical therapy and occupational therapy have legitimate roles in the restoration of human movement in the rehabilitation process. This paper first presents a physical therapy perspective on changing trends in therapeutic exercise. Recent trends in physical therapy reflect a shift away from isolating patterns of movement ...
Hodge T M - - 2001
There has been a resurgence of interest in the indirect bonding technique for orthodontics. The procedure is not often used in the UK and the reasons for this, as well as the renewal of interest, are explored. A costing exercise suggests that the cost-effectiveness of the technique may be improved ...
Tyre T E - - 2001
Operation Wake-Up Call was a simulated bioterrorism exercise conducted in Waukesha County, Wisconsin (Metropolitan Milwaukee) on November 6, 1999. The purpose of the exercise was to test and evaluate the emergency response capability of local municipal, county, state, federal, and reserve military agencies to a weapons of mass destruction terrorist ...
Sokler K - - 2001
The aim of this study was to evaluate the mean radiographic length of styloid process in a sample of Croatian population, and based on biological basis, to suggest a classification applicable in clinical practice. Two hundred and ninety six panoramic x-rays were examined, out of which 161 from males and ...
Nio D - - 2002
BACKGROUND: The objective of this study was to compare the efficiency of manual and robotically assisted laparoscopic surgery. METHODS: To evaluate the surgical efficiency in a set of basic endoscopic movements, 20 medical students without any surgical experience were selected to perform at random a set of laparoscopic tasks either ...
van Aswegen E J - - 2001
This article has its genesis in the inquirer's interest in the need for internalizing critical thinking, creative thinking and reflective skills in adult learners. As part of a broader study the inquirer used a combination of two techniques over a period of nine months, namely: Socratic discussion/questioning and Learning Through ...
Cotter J R - - 2001
Histology is a morphologic science in which the structure of the cells, tissues, and organs of the body are examined with a microscope. In the laboratory courses in histology at the School of Medicine of the University at Buffalo, histologic specimens had been used since the late 19th century to ...
Thomas H - - 2001
In this report we describe our experience in the analytical chemistry curriculum of teaching spectrometer principles and preparing spectroscopy laboratory exercises by means of virtual instruments. The benefits of the intensified preparation of laboratory exercises by virtual instruments will be evaluated with respect to the subsequent handling of real instruments. ...
Ferguson M C - - 2001
The purpose of this study was to investigate whether practicing a complex self-care occupation in a contextually relevant environment would enhance the learning and transfer of skill. The design consisted of an acquisition phase, a rest period, and a transfer phase. Fifty-six women were recruited for this study and randomly ...
Chi C H - - 2001
The objective of this study was to assess the attitudes of emergency medical technicians (EMTs) toward tabletop drills to determine the effect of tabletop simulation on the EMT student perception of disaster preparedness and management. In November 1998 and April 1999, 59 firefighters underwent 260 hours of EMT intermediate level ...
Henchal E A - - 2001
The authors present an integrated approach for the identification of biological threat agents. The methods used have been used extensively in field exercises and during response to incidents of biological terrorism. A diagnostic system, which integrates the clinical diagnosis or medical intelligence with immunodiagnostic tests, rapid gene amplification assays, and ...
Massmann J - - 2001
A set of physically based exercises is described for illustrating concepts and processes related to fluid movement in porous media. These exercises revolve around a permeameter that costs several dollars to construct and requires no external equipment and no electrical power to operate. The exercises can be used to illustrate ...
Jankouskas T S - - 2001
Staff response to a code blue can be cultivated when a continuous curriculum for code blue competency is used. This curriculum details ongoing code blue education yet requires only small increments of time for the inservice classes. The curriculum, adaptable to any unit, consists of three components: a unit-specific orientation ...
Armstrong K - - 2001
Patients often face medical decisions that involve outcomes that occur and change over time. Survival curves are a promising communication tool for patient decision support because they present information about the probability of an outcome over time in a simple graphic format. However, previous studies of survival curves did not ...
Lipshitz R - - 2001
Judgment-by-outcomes denotes basing retrospective evaluation of decisions on the valence of their outcomes (success versus failure). Although decisions are typically evaluated in social contexts, so far judgment-by-outcomes has been studied without regard to this context. This study examines the moderating effect of evaluator's identification with the decision maker (the one-of-us-effect) ...
Quindós L S - - 2001
A simple intercomparison of natural radioactivity and radon emanation factor measurements co-ordinated by the Medical Physics Department of the University of Cantabria UC, Spain, has been carried out during 1998 in the framework of the EU Concerted Action ERRICCA (European Research into Radon in Construction Concerted Action). All the measurements ...
Petropoulos N P - - 2001
The Nuclear Engineering Section of the National Technical University of Athens undertook the organisation of a European building material radon exhalation rate intercomparison exercise in the framework of the European Research into Radon In Construction Concerted Action (ERRICCA). The intercomparison started in June 1998 and it was concluded in February ...
Goolkasian P - - 2001
A Web site (http://web2-pc.uncc.edu/cogsci) has been established to support an interdisciplinary course in cognitive science. The modules include introductory reading material, interactive exercises/virtual laboratory, and pointers to existing material on the Web. Our approach to using the Web in support of instruction differs from distance learning initiatives because it is ...
Schmid T E - - 2001
The mouse epididymal sperm aneuploidy (mESA) assay using 3-chromosome fluorescence in situ hybridization (FISH) was recently developed for assessing the aneugenic potential of chemicals on male germ cells. This study was designed to identify the major technical factors that affect inter-scorer and inter-laboratory variability of the mESA assay. Two laboratories ...
Kawaguchi A - - 2001
OBJECTIVE: The aim of this study was to determine the easiness, reproducibility, and safety of a laboratory exercise for a drug interaction between furosemide and probenecid. METHODS: From 1995 to 1999 approximately 100 medical students participated in the exercise each year after they gave written informed consent. The students were ...
Ritchie W P WP - - 2001
In summary, the ABS is committed to the competence initiative. Not to do so would be to risk irrelevance. In order for the initiative to succeed, it is clear that the board must partner with specialty societies and most particularly with the American College of Surgeons. That partnership should take ...
Land B R - - 2001
The cost of electronic equipment can be a critical barrier to including neurophysiology exercises in biology teaching programs. We describe the construction of a simple and inexpensive AC preamplifier with performance comparable to that of commercial products. The amplifier consists of two integrated circuits in five stages: differential input, fixed ...
Froelicher V F - - 2001
In the changing economic times, internists and family physicians are becoming the main performers of the standard exercise test. The education of those noncardiologists who wish to perform exercise testing is quite important. In the new millennium, the American College of Cardiology/American Heart Association evidence-based guidelines on exercise testing continue ...
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