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Results 351 - 400 of 724
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Morel J - - 2004
An international comparison for plutonium isotopic composition measurement, known as the Pu-2000 exercise, was organized by the ESARDA NDA-WG (European Safeguards Research and Development Association, Working Group on Techniques and Standards for Non-Destructive Assay). The aim of this comparison was to test X- and gamma-ray spectrometry methods over a large ...
Gelinck Gerwin H - - 2004
At present, flexible displays are an important focus of research. Further development of large, flexible displays requires a cost-effective manufacturing process for the active-matrix backplane, which contains one transistor per pixel. One way to further reduce costs is to integrate (part of) the display drive circuitry, such as row shift ...
Evans G W L - - 2004
Exercise Aurora (May-June 2004) off the eastern seaboard of the United States provided an opportunity, on several occasions, to test the ability of the PCRF to cope with large numbers of "casualties" arriving simultaneously. This article reviews the role of the PCRF, its facilities and capabilities, and how these are ...
Sladek V - - 2004
Emergency preparedness is generally covered by methodical and coordinative activities of the International Atomic Energy Agency (IAEA) in Member States of the IAEA and by the European Commission (EC) in EU Member and EU Accession Countries. However, the regional harmonisation of emergency arrangements is an important trend of emergency preparedness. ...
Koniaris Leonidas G - - 2004
BACKGROUND: Historically, medical schools have taught principles of hemodynamic shock using large animal models. Such exercises are infrequent today due to the increasing aversion of students and the wider community to the use of large animals in teaching. Herein, we describe two alternative exercises that communicated basic science and clinical ...
Lord Edward J - - 2004
Joint Regional Exercise, 2000 (J-REX 2000) was an ambitious, multi-functional, multi-agency exercise conducted October 12-14, 2000. While the main focus of the exercise was centered in Minneapolis MN, and adjacent Fort Snelling, the exercise also involved National Disaster Medical System (NDMS) participating hospitals in Cleveland, Detroit, Duluth, Indianapolis, Omaha, and ...
Ramphal P S - - 2004
The ability to perform a hand-sutured intra-thoracic oesophago-gastric anastomosis remains an important skill for surgeons in the developing world to master. In the developed world, this skill is no longer widely practiced due to the prevalent use of surgical staplers in most centres. A simple preparation for teaching aspects of ...
Janssens Augustin - - 2004
The Euratom Treaty confers important powers to the European Commission with regard to monitoring and assessment of levels of radioactivity in the environment and discharges with effluents (Articles 35-37 of the Euratom Treaty). Current developments in the area relate to harmonised reporting of environmental data and to harmonisation of effluent ...
Painter Patricia - - 2004
The objective of this study was to survey patient care staff to (a) determine their perceived skills for and attitudes toward assessing physical functioning and encouraging exercise, (b) assess practice related to assessment of physical functioning and exercise encouragement, and (c) identify factors that predict encouragement of exercise in patient ...
Gutheil Thomas G - - 2004
An expert's decision to withdraw from a case at a late stage is an important and serious step with both forensic and ethical consequences. Preservation of a mutual right to terminate services at will is an essential (but all too often neglected) element of forensic work that can aid in ...
Toivonen Harri - - 2004
Airborne gamma spectrometry is an excellent tool for finding out in a timely manner the extent and magnitude of the dispersion of radioactive materials resulting from a nuclear disaster. To utilise existing European airborne monitoring capabilities for multilateral assistance in an accident is a complex administrative and technical matter. Several ...
Buitelaar Jan K - - 2004
The foreword focuses on the three main critical questions within the political debate: (1) Is ADHD a psychiatric disorder? (2) Is there over-diagnosis and overtreatment of ADHD? (3) Are psychostimulants dangerous drugs? After discussing the problems within the context of general scientific and merely European political context, the authors conclude ...
Doxtator Laurie A - - 2004
To assess, via a tabletop exercise, the ability of a rural health unit to manage an influenza pandemic. The exercise brought together community stakeholders including representation from public health, hospitals, long-term care, social services, first responders, morticians, local government and the media. Leeds, Grenville and Lanark, a rural region of ...
Adrales G L - - 2004
BACKGROUND: The definitive criteria for assessing competence remain elusive. In our study, we aimed to identify the determinants of competence assessment used by individual laparoscopic surgeons. METHODS: In a blinded fashion, five laparoscopic surgeons rated 27 subjects on three laparoscopic simulations in four skill categories: clinical judgment, dexterity, serial/simultaneous complexity, ...
Hiebert Sara M - - 2003
Laboratory exercises in which students examine the human diving response are widely used in high school and college biology courses despite the experience of some instructors that the response is unreliably produced in the classroom. Our experience with this exercise demonstrates that the bradycardia associated with the diving response is ...
Lee Wen-Huei - - 2003
BACKGROUND: A new model of a local disaster medical system (LDMS) was proposed through the consensus method of expert panel meetings for county governments in Taiwan. This LDMS model adopts a local emergency medical response system (EMRS) for dealing with daily accidents as a basic structure by expanding its roles ...
Renshaw Andrew A - - 2003
CONTEXT: Numerous studies address the accuracy or positive predictive value of cytologic interpretations for defined histopathologic entities. The reproducibility (precision) of cytologic interpretation is less well defined. OBJECTIVE: To establish and compare the reproducibility (precision) of cytologic interpretation in gynecologic cytopathology, as reflected in the educational program of the College ...
Lancioni Giulio E - - 2003
We assessed the effects of automatically delivered stimulation on the activity level and mood (indices of happiness) of three students with multiple disabilities during their use of a stepper and a stationary bicycle. The stimulation involved a pool of favorite stimulus events that were delivered automatically, through an electronic control ...
Coles Charlotte E - - 2003
BACKGROUND AND PURPOSE: To assess inter-clinician variability amongst specialist paediatric radiation oncologists in delineating clinical target volumes for treating medulloblastoma as a quality assurance exercise prior to the introduction of the SIOP PNET 4 trial protocol of conformal radiotherapy to the posterior fossa and tumour bed. PATIENTS AND METHODS: Participants ...
Cruz José A - - 2003
This paper describes a one-day workshop format for introducing ethics into the engineering curriculum prepared at the University of Puerto Rico at Mayagüez (UPRM). It responds to the ethics criteria newly integrated into the accreditation process by the Accreditation Board of Engineering and Technology (ABET). It also employs an ethics ...
Jarrett David - - 2003
The city of San Antonio, Texas, and the Fort Sam Houston Army Post conducted a bioterrorism response exercise to test the command infrastructure in a large tabletop exercise. A number of local, state, and federal agencies participated in the exercise. The scenario, program format, and multiple lessons learned from this ...
Lewis Michael J - - 2003
Biomagnetometry is a non-invasive technique for detecting magnetic fields associated with the electrophysiology and magnetic susceptibility of body tissues. The aims of this paper are to provide a review of the discipline of biomagnetism and its measurement using a superconducting quantum interference device (SQUID), and to discuss the potential utility ...
Wimbush Stephen - - 2003
A survey was conducted among acute specialty clinicians in four centres in the UK to determine their levels of knowledge of the presentation and subsequent management of victims following deliberate release of chemical or biological agents. This revealed significant gaps in knowledge and training. Of the 102 respondents, more than ...
Sánchez-Diz Paula - - 2003
A collaborative exercise was carried out by the Spanish and Portuguese ISFG Working Group (GEP-ISFG) in order to evaluate the performance of two Y-chromosome STR PCR tetraplexes, which include the loci DYS461, GATA C4, DYS437 and DYS438 (GEPY I), and DYS460, GATA A10, GATA H4 and DYS439 (GEPY II). The ...
Hubens G - - 2003
BACKGROUND: The objective of this study was to compare the efficacy of the da Vinci robotic system using both the three-dimensional view (3D) and two-dimensional (2D) view options with traditional manually assisted laparoscopic techniques in performing standardized exercises. METHODS: To evaluate surgical efficiency in the use of robotically assisted and ...
Prieto Lourdes - - 2003
We report the results of Spanish and Portuguese working group (GEP) of International Society of Forensic Genetics (ISFG) Collaborative Exercise 2001-2002 on mitochondrial DNA (mtDNA) analysis. 64 laboratories from Spain, Portugal and several Latin-American countries participated in this quality control exercise. Five samples were sent to the participating laboratories, four ...
Goddard Judi - - 2003
Emergency planning strategies can suffer from poor communication, especially between agencies. A 'desktop' exercise in north Yorkshire brought together 50 staff from a range of organisations to deal with a multi-disaster scenario. Better relationships have led to the reworking of the emergency plan and ongoing formal and informal dialogue.
Thomas K - - 2003
OBJECTIVE: Most clinicians are aware of the importance of using "evidence based medicine" to support their clinical practice, but where does the evidence come from? The aim of this study was to examine the concordance between papers deemed "important" by urologists compared with those selected by the more objective criteria ...
Hino Akihiko - - 2003
OBJECTIVE: Microarterial anastomosis is now seldom performed for treatment of atherosclerotic occlusive cerebrovascular disease. However, a small but significant number of procedures still require this technique. When a surgeon's clinical experience is limited, regular practice is required to maintain and improve surgical skills. The present training system involves passage from ...
Russell Stephen M - - 2003
The incidence and character of neurological deficits following resection of glial neoplasms localized to the Heschl gyrus are currently unknown. In this series, the authors report the clinical presentation, management, and postoperative course of three patients with right hemisphere Heschl gyrus gliomas, one of whom developed difficulty with music production ...
Andress Knox - - 2003
Emergency response plans require careful planning and testing. The exercises can be in the form of tabletop, functional, and full-scale activities. To test a regional plan, various agencies from Louisiana, Arkansas, and Texas conducted a postevent mass smallpox vaccination clinic that incorporated federal, state, and local resources. An evaluation of ...
Bann Simon D - - 2003
The possibility of using quantitative motion analysis for objective assessment of simple surgical dexterity is investigated using the Imperial College Surgical Assessment Device (ICSAD) with qualitative analysis undertaken by inspection. Bench-top knot tying and suturing skills were performed and examined for the ability to discriminate between surgeons of varying experience. ...
Matheson Gordon O - - 2003
We physicians recommend exercise to our patients all the time, but do we really know how best to define it, measure it, and prescribe it? This month we're launching a new four-part series to answer those questions. The series, "The Science of Exercise Physiology," coordinated by editorial board member Howard ...
Simmons Scott C - - 2003
Effective response to natural or man-made disasters (i.e., terrorism) is predicated on the ability to communicate among the many organizations involved. Disaster response exercises enable disaster planners and responders to test procedures and technologies and incorporate the lessons learned from past disasters or exercises. On May 31 and June 1, ...
Borland Sandra - - 2003
Exercises that employ dynamic living material have proved highly successful at generating interest in science among young students. Developing embryos and larvae are especially well suited for such endeavors, for they can be handled without expensive or elaborate equipment, and their changing nature engages students. Using amphibian embryos, which are ...
Gossett Richard - - 2003
Quality assurance procedures to ensure consistency among chemistry laboratories typically involves the use of standard methods and state certification programs that require laboratories to demonstrate their ability to attain generic performance criteria. To assess whether these procedures are effective for ensuring comparability when processing local samples with potentially complex matrices, ...
Berard P - - 2003
Inter-laboratory tests are a means of assessing the analytical coherence of medical laboratories. In radiotoxicology, this kind of exercise makes it possible to keep up with laboratory know-how and with the evolution and relative performances of analytical techniques. The intercomparison exercises organised by PROCORAD (Association for the Promotion of Quality ...
Viertel B - - 2003
The historical database represents the spontaneous, i.e. normal changes of characters, in laboratory animals, and is a must for the assessment of toxic effects of compounds. For the Himalayan rabbit (CHBB:HM, SPF) background data were collected from the control groups of regulatory studies between 1968-1999 in the Biberach laboratory of ...
Canter David V - - 2003
The perceived plausibility of suspect narratives is hypothesized to be a product of more than logical evaluation. Aspects of the narrative's internal structure, notably the extent to which it follows a canonical (or stereotypical) sequence of events, may influence judged plausibility. Plausibility may also be sensitive to external "anchors" that ...
Wagstaff Graham F - - 2003
The authors conducted 2 studies to assess the effects of levels of violence, the presence of a weapon, and the age of the witness on the accuracy of eyewitness testimony in real-life crime situations. Descriptions of offenders were taken from eyewitnesses' statements obtained by the police and were compared with ...
Doerfel H - - 2003
When a set of bioassay data is given to two different dosimetrists, it is likely that these data will be interpreted differently, that different methods and dosimetric models will be applied and therefore different numerical values will be obtained. Thus, it is important for laboratories dealing with internal dosimetry to ...
Weiss-Wendt Anton - - 2003
A discussion of Nazi anti-Gypsy policy in Estonia needs to center on local interpretation and implementation of RSHA and RKO orders. Contradictions between various German instructions, which often discriminated among sedentary and itinerating Gypsies, created a state of confusion that increased chances for survival. Since in Estonia Sonderkommando 1a of ...
Vandier Christophe - - 2002
The laboratory exercise described in this article used a simple preparation and a straightforward protocol to illustrate how the neurotransmitter norepinephrine (NE) induces an increase of tension in an artery. This was a practical class designed for undergraduate students of the University of Tours. The students performed several protocols to ...
Bertram John E A - - 2002
This paper describes a laboratory exercise designed to provide students with experience testing a hypothesis by systematically isolating and controlling determinant variables. The study involves an analysis of walking and is performed by the students on a subject from within their lab group. The study requires use of a motorized ...
Rothbaum Daniel L - - 2002
OBJECTIVE: Micropick fenestration of the stapes footplate, a difficult step in stapedotomy, was selected for trials evaluating the potential for robotic assistance (RA) to improve clinical measures of surgical performance. Study Design: In a surgical model of stapedotomy, we measured accuracy of fenestration to a desired point location and force ...
Stacey Peter - - 2002
Gravimetric analysis is a fundamental technique frequently used in occupational hygiene assessments, but few studies have investigated its repeatability and reproducibility. Four inter-laboratory comparisons are discussed in this paper. The first involved 32 laboratories weighing 25 mm diameter glassfibre filters, the second involved 11 laboratories weighing 25 mm diameter PVC ...
Sriram R - - 2002
OBJECTIVE: To report a follow-up postal survey to one conducted in 1998 assessing the feasibility of standardizing urodynamic practice in the West Midlands region. METHODS: From the initial survey there was interest in standardizing the practice of urodynamics and a few simple guidelines were proposed. The postal survey was repeated ...
Tirez Kristof - - 2002
The mercury mass fraction has been determined by atomic fluorescence spectrometry (AFS) in the framework of the project "Certification of a reference material (trace elements in fly ash) in replacement of BCR CRM 176". Calculation of the uncertainty budget, as described in this manuscript, emphasizes a practical and realistic approach ...
Kopman Aaron F - - 2002
PURPOSE OF REVIEW: For more than three decades, 'experts' in the clinical pharmacology of neuromuscular blocking agents have advocated routine intraoperative use of peripheral nerve stimulators as monitors of neuromuscular function. This advice is far from universally honored in practice. In part, this dichotomy between 'accepted wisdom' and actual day-to-day ...
Pocock Stuart J - - 2002
Survival plots of time-to-event data are a key component for reporting results of many clinical trials (and cohort studies). However, mistakes and distortions often arise in the display and interpretation of survival plots. This article aims to highlight such pitfalls and provide recommendations for future practice. Findings are illustrated by ...
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