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Hooley, Paul
A brief introductory exercise in the use of on-line databases to examine fungal genes and their products is described. Fungal genes make particularly good teaching models owing to their relatively simple eukaryotic structure and wide range of homologues in higher organisms including humans. An evaluation of students' reactions to the ...
Monte Luigi - - 2008
The paper describes the main results of the international EMRAS model testing exercise for radionuclide transport in watershed-river and estuarine systems. The exercises included the following scenarios: multi-point source of (3)H discharge into the Loire River (France), radioactive contamination of the Dnieper-Southern Boug estuary (Ukraine), remobilisation of radionuclide contamination from ...
Stewart Mark T - - 2008
Accusport analyzers were used to generate lactate performance curves in an investigative laboratory activity emphasizing the importance of reliable instrumentation. Both the calibration and testing phases of the exercise provided students with a hands-on opportunity to use laboratory-grade instrumentation while allowing for meaningful connections to be made between data collection ...
Laursen Lise H - - 2008
The purpose of the study was to study the circumstances and incidence rates of fatal accidents in inspection obligated and non-inspection obligated Danish fishing vessels to identify areas for prevention. Information about the fatalities came from maritime authority reports, including vessel disaster reports, post mortem reports, maritime inquiries and police ...
Steen Petter Andreas - - 2008
PURPOSE OF REVIEW: There is correlation between quality of bystander cardiopulmonary resuscitation and patient survival. Recent developments in defibrillator technology enable recording of cardiopulmonary resuscitation quality, and have shown quality of professional cardiopulmonary resuscitation far from guidelines' levels for factors such as chest compression depth and rate, ventilation rate, and ...
Kephalopoulos Stylianos - - 2008
This article will present the differences among noise maps of Lden and Lnight levels produced following the EU Interim methods and those produced following other national methods used in the EU MS. Lden and Lnight are the two indicators required by the European Environmental Noise Directive (200249EC) defined at the ...
Schmidt Lothar - - 2008
The procedures from the standards ISO 1996-2 and DIN 45681 as well as the two procedures (TNR and PR) from ISO 7779 are compared. In the first section, characteristic features of the procedures (e.g. signal analysis parameters, degree of automation and characteristics of the prominent discrete tone analysis) are compared. ...
Deveney M R - - 2008
Simulated disease outbreaks are vital tools for preparing administrative and functional responses to emergencies. Three aquatic emergency response exercises conducted in Australia are summarised. The prinicipal lesson learned from these exercises was the need for coordination, improved communication and a whole-of-government approach. An enhanced understanding of the legislative instruments required ...
Alavi G - - 2008
Recent discovery of low concentrations of bromacil in drinking water prompted the State of Hawaii to examine the leaching behavior of bromacil in pineapple fields. This study is a follow up to earlier work on bromacil concentrations in soil profiles in a pineapple field in central Oahu, Hawaii. Soil samples ...
Binkley N - - 2008
CONTEXT: Measurement of circulating 25-hydroxy-vitamin D [25(OH)D]) is the accepted clinical indicator of vitamin D status. However, between-laboratory differences in measurement of this analyte exist, which may confound clinical care. OBJECTIVES: We investigated the current agreement of 25(OH)D measurement in clinical laboratories and explored the possibility that simple calibration would ...
Snyder Charles L - - 2008
BACKGROUND: Several studies have addressed the issue of manpower needs in pediatric surgery. The number of training programs has multiplied dramatically over the past decade. The distribution of surgeons is more significant than the absolute change in numbers--are major metropolitan areas seeing a more dramatic increase than less populated areas? ...
Beauchamp Jean - - 2008
BACKGROUND: This article presents evidence-based clinical recommendations for use of pit-and-fissure sealants developed by an expert panel convened by the American Dental Association Council on Scientific Affairs. The panel addressed the following clinical questions: Under what circumstances should sealants be placed to prevent caries? Does placing sealants over early (noncavitated) ...
Burr Tom - - 2008
Detectors to scan for illicit nuclear material began to be installed at various screening locations in 2002. On the sites considered, each vehicle drives slowly by radiation detectors that scan for neutron and gamma radiation, resulting in a time series profile. One performance limitation is that naturally occurring radioactive materials ...
Wätjen U - - 2008
For more than 15 years, European Union (EU) laboratories monitoring environmental radioactivity have been obliged to participate in measurement comparisons organised by the European Commission. After a short review of comparisons conducted during the 1990s, the approach of IRMM organising these comparisons since 2003 is presented. It relies on the ...
Ratel G - - 2008
The results of an international comparison of activity measurements of a solution of (55)Fe organized by the BIPM in 2005 are reported and analysed. This exercise, which follows the procedures of the CIPM mutual recognition arrangement to update older comparisons, is a renewal of the comparison organized by the BIPM ...
Cataldo Peter A - - 2008
Stoma creation is a mental and technical exercise, often straightforward without any difficulty. However, creation of a protruding, tension free, well-vascularized stoma in an obese individual with a thick abdominal wall and short, thickened mesentery can be a substantial challenge. Preoperative planning including stoma site marking, thoughtful consideration of all ...
Croft A M - - 2008
We describe the clinical illness and long-term follow up of two British personnel who acquired hepatitis B infection during a 3-month UN mission to Angola. Medical officers need to be familiar with this viral illness, which may present in military personnel after any exercise in or deployment to the tropics ...
Westergaard J M - - 2008
Large-scale outbreaks of animal disease cause mass death of animals, a devastating economic impact on livestock industries and communities and furthermore often great distress for owners and keepers of animals. Such large-scale outbreaks have, during the last decade, been experienced by certain EU Member States in pigs caused by classical ...
Naqvi Hassan R - - 2008
Convictions are a driving force for actions. Considering that every individual has a different set of convictions and larger groups act once a consensus decision is reached, one can see that debate is an inherent exercise in decision-making. This requires a sustainably generated surplus to allow time for intellectual exchange, ...
Blirup-Jensen S - - 2008
A Primary Reference Preparation has been produced using pure, recombinant, Cystatin C in a solvent of 0.1 mol/L KCl. Dry mass determination of the Primary Reference Preparation resulted in a Cystatin C concentration of 5.20 g/L. Agarose-electrophoresis and SDS-electrophoresis, as well as N-terminal sequencing, verified the purity, homogeneity and identity ...
Kolbet Paul R - - 2008
In a world where too many people continue to be tortured without recourse to legal protections, nonlegislative resources for preserving human dignity amid dehumanizing terror are much needed. This article analyzes the hermeneutical exercises constructed by the influential third century Christian intellectual, Origen of Alexandria, to prepare himself and others ...
Tainaka Kazuki - - 2008
General strategy for the development of fluorescent biosensors as a tracer of 'key' molecule in the cellular system would provide important breakthroughs for ubiquitous applications in the field of diagnosis and pharmacology in addition to our understanding of cellular events. The sophisticated design of fluorescent biosensors based on the organic ...
Tichy M - - 2008
The aim of the presented study was to evaluate the results of SEKK "Gammopathy" (GP) control cycle (Czech National External Quality Assessment) that assessed the success rate of monoclonal immunoglobulin determination by clinical laboratories for the 1996 - 2005 period. The study summarizes the results of 20 "Gammopathy" control cycles ...
Edwards Janine C - - 2008
CONTEXT AND PURPOSE: Rural communities face substantial risks of natural disasters but rural hospitals face multiple obstacles to preparedness. The objective was to create and implement a simple and effective training and planning exercise to assist individual rural hospitals to improve disaster preparedness, as well as to enhance regional collaboration ...
Braithwaite Jeffrey - - 2008
The purpose of this paper is to draw on scientific models in conceptualising the evolutionary bases of contemporary behaviours, and make cross-species comparisons, to account for male managerial activities in situ in health organizations. In the animal world, males of many species display in order to induce females to mate. ...
Beaton Randal - - 2007
The potential for a novel influenza virus to cause a pandemic represents a significant threat to global health. Planning for pandemic flu, as compared to planning for other types of hazards, presents some unique challenges to businesses, communities, and education institutions. To identify and address the challenges that may be ...
Kobayashi Leo - - 2007
Patient safety interventions for multitasking, multipatient, error-prone work settings such as the emergency department (ED) must improve assorted clinical abilities, specific cognitive strategies, and teamwork functions of the staff to be effective. Multiple encounter simulation scenarios explore and convey this specialized mental work-set through use of multiple high-fidelity medical simulation ...
Colucci Erminia - - 2007
Interest in focus group discussions has grown recently, and so has the recognition of them as a valuable method for qualitative data collection. Despite increasing popularity, they are not an easy option, and moderators must find appropriate ways to approach participants to achieve good-quality data. A path to reach this ...
Paluzzi Alessandro - - 2007
During the Renaissance, a period of 'rebirth' for humanities and science, new knowledge and speculation began to emerge about the function of the human body, replacing ancient religious and philosophical dogma. The brain must have been a fascinating mystery to a Renaissance artist, but some speculation existed at that time ...
Koenen F F Veterinary and Agrochemical Research Centre (CODA-CERVA), Department of Virology, Groeselenberg 99, B-1180 Ukkel, - - 2007
In order to adequately and efficiently handle outbreaks of contagious diseases such as classical swine fever (CSF), foot and mouth disease or highly pathogenic avian influenza, competent authorities and the laboratories involved have to be well prepared and must be in possession of functioning contingency plans. These plans should ensure ...
Prieto L - - 2008
We report the results of the seventh edition of the GEP-ISFG mitochondrial DNA (mtDNA) collaborative exercise. The samples submitted to the participant laboratories were blood stains from a maternity case and simulated forensic samples, including a case of mixture. The success rate for the blood stains was moderate ( approximately ...
Murray David J - - 2007
BACKGROUND: Anesthesiologists and anesthesia residents are expected to acquire and maintain skills to manage a wide range of acute intraoperative anesthetic events. The purpose of this study was to determine whether an inventory of simulated intraoperative scenarios provided a reliable and valid measure of anesthesia residents' and anesthesiologists' skill. METHODS: ...
Waraich Saleem - - 2007
PURPOSE: Cardiopulmonary exercise testing (CPET) is a well-established procedure for which applications have evolved in several different medical specialties. There are limited data describing how CPET is actually used in clinical practice. Such information would be useful for understanding the clinical conditions and questions likely to be encountered by a ...
Jennings Ian - - 2007
Accurate and precise measurement of plasma D-dimer levels is important in the diagnosis and management of venous thromboembolism. Considerable variability in D-dimer results obtained using different methods has, however, been reported in multicentre studies. This study explored in two separate multicentre exercises the degree of precision amongst laboratory D-dimer measurements, ...
Allen D - - 2007
BACKGROUND AND OBJECTIVES: Platelet immunology quality assurance exercises have been organized by National Institute for Biological Standards and Control since 1991 and, as of 2006, 35 laboratories participate in the serology section. Molecular human platelet antigen (HPA) typing has been included in the exercises since 1998 and, as of 2006, ...
Schmid Andreas - - 2007
BACKGROUND AND OBJECTIVE: Cardiopulmonary exercise testing (CPET) is a common investigation for the evaluation of exertional dyspnoea. At present, there is no consensus on the best interpretative strategy and none of the available algorithms have been validated. The aim of this study was to develop and validate a standardized strategy ...
Hagen James C - - 2007
This article examines the dental professional's role in emergency management activities, specifically related to design and execution of such federal exercises as the Top Officials (TOPOFF) series. Experiences from the Chicago TOPOFF 2 exercise are used as an example.
Parson Walther - - 2008
The European DNA Profiling (EDNAP) Group performed a collaborative exercise on a mitochondrial (mt) DNA screening assay that targeted 16 nucleotide positions in the coding region and allowed for the discrimination of major west Eurasian mtDNA haplogroups. The purpose of the exercise was to evaluate the stability and reproducibility of ...
Schell Lawrence M - - 2007
Two interpretations of growth perturbation and small size are commonly applied in human biology: an adaptationist approach in which small size is considered to be an a relatively beneficial adjustment to environmental stressors, and a biomedical approach in which small size is considered nonadaptive, a sign of dysfunction or pathology. ...
Niño Andrés G - - 2008
Confessions, the narrative of Augustine's spiritual journey, has been a source of inspiration to readers through many centuries. It addresses the universal striving of the individual towards a 'way of living' characterized by internal coherence and an experience of the transcendent. Augustine, using a method of inquiry and engagement, guides ...
Gernand Wojciech - - 2007
OBJECTIVES: The critical systematic error (DeltaSE(C)) can be used to select a quality control scheme. It is just an estimate of the true DeltaSE(C), however, and its precision depends on the sample size. Thus, the lower confidence limit (LCL) of DeltaSE(C) should be adopted instead to guard against false optimism. ...
Oropesa P - - 2008
The traceability of activity measurements performed during the development phase of the radiopharmaceutical and in its clinical application is essential for establishing the comparability of clinical results reported in the nuclear medicine field. This paper presents and discusses the evaluation over time of the quality of activity measurement results obtained ...
Behrens R - - 2008
International standards for radiation protection dosemeters are published by the International Electrotechnical Commission and the International Organization for Standardization. Several standards exist side by side, although they treat the same measuring task, and specify different requirements, so that dosemeters of different quality result. In this paper, the quality of dosemeters ...
Rüter Anders - - 2007
In stressful situations such as the management of major incidents and disasters, the ability to work in a structured way is important. Medical management groups initially are formed by personnel from different operations that are on-call when the incident or disaster occurs. The aim of this study was to test ...
Cruse Michelle - - 2007
The literature tells us that reflection offers a means to evaluate practice and to identify learning from our practice experiences. The following description of a practice incident will be discussed loosely in the light of Rolfe's 'Model of Nursing Praxis' as a means of exploring the theoretical exercise of 'reflection' ...
McHugh Ian J - - 2008
The recently released pre-exercise screening system (PESS) from Sports Medicine Australia is an important tool for facilitating safe practice in exercise testing and prescription by exercise professionals. This opinion piece argues that despite the obvious need for nationally uniform guidelines for the screening process, the PESS still has some limitations. ...
Krska Rudolf - - 2007
This paper presents results from the European Commission-funded project Doncalibrant, the objective of which was to produce calibrators with certified mass fractions of the Fusarium toxins deoxynivalenol (DON), 3-acetyldeoxynivalenol (3-Ac-DON), 15-acetyldeoxynivalenol (15-Ac-DON), and nivalenol (NIV), in acetonitrile. The calibrators, available in ampoules, were sufficiently homogeneous, with between-bottle variations (s (bb)) ...
DeOtte Robert E RE - - 2007
Agrosecurity has become a major concern for livestock operations. This paper reviews post 11 September 2001, American planning activities and offers commentary on issues related to these plans. A critical issue is the need for as many people as possible to be aware of plans and preparations already completed and ...
Mounce Rich - - 2007
In the most general terms, having the right instruments is secondary to the clinician using these instruments properly. Having the right tools in the right hands can make a huge difference in providing excellent results more efficiently. The organization of files that are to be used and how these files ...
Chew Felix S - - 2007
The educational objectives for this self-assessment module on safe MR practices are for the participant to exercise, self-assess, and improve his or her knowledge of hazards to patients, medical personnel, and others in the MR scanner environment, and to exercise, self-assess, and improve his or her knowledge of safe practices ...
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