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Tytherleigh M G - - 2001
Basic surgical skills courses are mandatory for all surgical trainees taking the MRCS examination. An important aspect of these courses is the level of practical skill achieved by junior surgeons attending them. We present a simple knot-tying exercise, which may be used to assess the baseline skill level of trainees ...
Shan L - - 2001
In accordance with the phenomenological theory of thermodynamics, we discussed the Magnetocaloric effect of type-I superconductors, which are exposed to a varying magnetic field. It is concluded theoretically that the refrigeration effect is closely associated with demagnetization effect for practical specimens, which is different from the situation for ideal superconductor ...
Tyler D K - - 2001
A Series of comparisons were conducted to test the capabilities of a range of metrological techniques and analytical laboratories engaged in the assay of thorium in the workplace. The results of these exercises are presented together with the decision criteria used to determine whether results are significantly different from the ...
Pretty I A - - 2001
Mass disasters represent a significant challenge for dental personnel who are frequently called upon to provide identifications. Recently-published materials have highlighted the need to prepare such groups for the disaster challenge and to report inadequacies in existing preparation methods with an emphasis on team integration, organization, and the psychological and ...
Weaver J L - - 2001
In 1996 and 1997, the Army conducted an exercise to assess the ability to rapidly mobilize the reserve forces. In accordance with Army requirements, each soldier was evaluated to determine if he or she met vision and optical readiness standards. Of the 1,947 individuals processed through the optometry section, 40% ...
Dobro S M - - 2001
A renewed focus has been given to the 3-year-old regulation 21 CFR Part 11, Electronic Records and Electronic Signatures. This paper gives a chronology of the process of an equipment vendor, Zymark Corporation, validating laboratory automation equipment for compliance to the regulation 21 CFR Part 11. Zymark's Tablet Processing Workstation ...
Clark T J - - 2001
BACKGROUND: Response rates to surveys are declining and this threatens the validity and generalisability of their findings. We wanted to determine whether paper quality influences the response rate to postal surveys METHODS: A postal questionnaire was sent to all members of the British Society of Gynaecological Endoscopy (BSGE). Recipients were ...
Liebenberg W H - - 2001
The application of multisurfaced tooth-colored restorations in the posterior dentition is an exercise in risk tolerance when dentin occupies the bulk of the tooth substrate. Not only is interfacial integrity capricious, but also a recent in vivo study has confirmed that dentin bond strengths deteriorate with time. Although the literature ...
Liebenberg W H - - 2001
The application of multisurfaced tooth-colored restorations in the posterior dentition is an exercise in risk tolerance when dentin occupies the bulk of the tooth substrate. Part 1 of this article discussed the capricious nature of dentin bonding and acknowledged the prime tenet that clinical success involves more than esthetic realism ...
Leeper B - - 2000
Transmyocardial laser revascularization (TMR) is a procedure that is in a state of transition. The purpose of this article is to review the historical aspects of TMR. Important nursing aspects of the thoracotomy and percutaneous approaches are detailed. Outcomes related to the surgical procedure are also discussed. Although the exact ...
Rajeev Gowda M V - - 2000
This article focuses on aspects of intragenerational and intergenerational equity in the context of a unique policy experiment: the effort of the U.S. government to site a monitored, retrievable storage (MRS) facility for high-level civilian nuclear waste. This process and its outcomes are examined from both normative and subjective perspectives. ...
Davis P - - 2000
OBJECTIVES: This study seeks to determine whether there are identifiable differences in patterns of clinical decision-making among family physicians, and whether these patterns persist over time. METHODS: A representative cross-sectional survey of general practice encounters in the Waikato region of New Zealand in 1979-1980 was repeated in 1991-1992. Patterns of ...
Miserocchi S - - 2000
The QUASH UE-Project was designed to assess the reliability of normalisation approaches to compensate the influence of natural process affecting the distribution and concentration of contaminants in sediment. The focus of this paper was to test the influence on normalisation procedures of an inorganic matrix using a sample collected in ...
Stirling A - - 2000
There are strong scientific reasons for holding the broader scope of precautionary approaches to be more consistent with the scientific foundations of rational choice and probability theory than are conventional narrow risk-assessment techniques. The imperatives both of science and precaution can be seen to pull in the same direction. The ...
Ahuja V - - 2000
Concern has been raised about the possibility of transmission of infection by gastrointestinal endoscope. This vexation may be related to reliability of the disinfecting techniques or to the compliance with the guidelines laid down for disinfection. There have been very few recent surveys examining the disinfection practices for gastrointestinal endoscopes ...
Urist J - - 2000
Marty Mayman will be remembered as a uniquely gifted clinician, diagnostician, supervisor, and teacher. In this article, I link his distinctive capacity for empathic understanding to his reliance on self-representational and object representational concepts as a vehicle for accessing the inner life of his participant. Mayman's special brand of empathy ...
Seddon B - - 2000
BACKGROUND AND PURPOSE: Prior to randomization of patients into the UK Medical Research Council multicentre randomized trial (RT-01) of conformal radiotherapy (CFRT) in prostate cancer, clinicians at participating centres were required to complete a quality assurance (QA) clinical planning exercise to enable an investigation of inter-observer variability in gross target ...
Gupte M D - - 2000
A simulation model for leprosy transmission and control has been developed with specific objectives. Several sensitivity experiments have been carried out by altering the various inputs based on empirical data combined with intelligent guessing. The outputs generated through these exercises were on the expected lines. While incremental exercises would improve ...
Eskinazi D - - 2000
The Madingley scenarios were created to suggest potential contrasting futures (around year 2020) that could develop from the same driving forces. Those contrasting futures are named 'Trust their Guidance' and 'Find my Way', respectively. Trust their Guidance depicts a world where institutions have succeeded in adapting to the changing world ...
Coats M J - - 2000
Financially successful personality profiles in most of the business world have been reported to be the choleric (powerful) and the melancholy (perfect) types. In 1996, Hughes proposed that the same relationship possibly exists in the profession of orthodontics. The purpose of this study was to explore whether a dominant personality ...
Nicholson G P - - 2000
The performance of a fume cupboard is determined by a complex interaction of factors which are time consuming and expensive to determine. This paper describes a simple and practical means of ranking, and assessing fume cupboard installations that can help to discharge managerial responsibility for a 'safe' environment. The method ...
Priest G - - 2000
Due to rising patient expectations and recent developments in material composition and clinical techniques, the demand for restorations that replicate the natural dentition has increased significantly. It is imperative that clinicians and dental technicians develop the communication skills necessary to ensure predictable and reliable shade reproduction. This article defines tooth ...
Alvarez L H - - 2000
We consider the determination of the harvesting strategy maximizing the present expected value of the cumulative yield from the present up to extinction. By relying on a combination of stochastic calculus, ordinary nonlinear programming, and the classical theory of diffusions, we show that if the underlying population evolves according to ...
Palma A - - 2000
To address this work, we studied the vertebral canal and the lateral recess at the L1 to L5 level. The importance of this tract of vertebral column lies in the frequent pathologies involving this anatomical region. In fact, the diagnosis of any pathological condition requires the knowledge of the normal ...
Boreham N C - - 2000
OBJECTIVES: This study analysed the errors made by 16 final-year medical students in a classroom prescribing exercise. The aim was to gain greater understanding of the reasons for non-optimal prescribing and of how to improve basic training in pharmacotherapeutics. METHODS: The task was to adjust a patient's phenytoin sodium dosage ...
Morel J - - 2000
An international evaluation exercise for uranium enrichment measurement was organized by the ESARDA (European Safeguards Research and Development Association) Working Group on Techniques and Standards for Non-Destructive Analysis. The aim of this exercise was to test the different methods and more particularly X- and gamma-ray spectrometry methods used in the ...
Bearne A - - 2000
In the summer of 1999 the BDA conducted a Timings Inquiry in order to provide information on treatment timings within the General Dental Services (GDS) and to develop a model of an hourly rate for general practice. A panel of dentists measured the absolute time taken to carry out 21 ...
Haffie T L - - 2000
We conducted survey research with the intent to characterize post-secondary introductory genetics (IG) education in Canada during the 1996-1997 academic year. At least a minimum data set was obtained from 47 institutions through responses to a mailed questionnaire and on-line resources. The total reported enrollment (TRE) for IG was 10,500. ...
Gill P - - 2000
This paper describes a collaborative exercise organised under the auspices of the European Network of Forensic Science Institutes (ENFSI). The purpose of this EU (European Union) funded group is to carry out research to enable STR loci to be compared between European laboratories, ultimately leading to the formation of a ...
Mullins G R - - 2000
In February 1995, an outbreak of contagious bovine pleuropneumonia occurred in the Northwest district of Ngamiland, Botswana. The government of Botswana determined to eradicate the disease by depopulating the entire district of cattle. In total, 320,000 cattle were destroyed. Measures were put in place by government to mitigate the effects ...
Curran P J - - 2000
Land cover is a critical variable in epidemiology and can be characterized remotely. A framework is used to describe both the links between land cover and radiation recorded in a remotely sensed image, and the links between land cover and the disease carried by vectors. The framework is then used ...
Sandmire D A - - 2000
With the increasing emphasis on interdisciplinary practice, there is a need to recognize factors that promote effective interdisciplinary teams. The influence of individual learning-style preference on collaborative performance was examined in 78 occupational and physical therapy students in a neuroscience course. They were randomly assigned in pairs to one of ...
Storey P L - - 2000
Providing suitable and varied environmental enrichment opportunities for nonhuman primates is both challenging and expensive, requiring institutions to be innovative when planning an enrichment program. Equipment must be durable, nontoxic, easily sanitized and disinfected, and readily assembled or prepared by animal care personnel. We developed a portable exercise cage for ...
Kiss J Z - - 2000
Many people think of plants as essentially sessile organisms that do not actively respond to their environment. What could be further from the truth! In fact, plants are capable of a variety of movements, including the dramatic nastic responses (such as Venus fly trap closure) and the less sensational tropisms. ...
Redden C J - - 1999
This article examines the theoretical and practical logics of community engagement exercises in health care rationing. To evaluate such exercises in Canada, it is necessary to compare suspected rationing exercises (such as those in Nova Scotia and Saskatchewan) with clear examples of rationing. The Oregon Medicaid reform process is considered ...
Mosman E A - - 1999
OBJECTIVE: The purpose of this study was to determine the extent and cause of radioactive contamination in our nuclear cardiology laboratory, and to develop possible solutions to minimize future occurrence. METHODS: We conducted a retrospective review to determine the underlying causes of the 15 minor radioactive contamination events that have ...
Bell D - - 1999
OBJECTIVE: The aim of this paper is to discuss ethical issues that arise in the care of suicidal patients within a prison context. Such a discussion provides a suitable framework for exploration of the broader question of how coercion may be exercised by psychiatrists in a morally justifiable, as opposed ...
Coquery M - - 1999
Four major worldwide intercomparison exercises for the determination of trace elements in various environmental matrices were completed by the IAEA Marine Environment Laboratory since 1990: SD-M-2/TM, deep sea marine sediment; IAEA-350, tuna fish homogenate; IAEA-356, contaminated coastal sediment and IAEA-140, sea plant (Fucus sp.). These intercomparison exercises aim at enabling ...
Krecek R C - - 1999
Cyathostomes are common nematode parasites of horses, donkeys and mules in developing countries. These equids usually work on a daily basis and this includes transportation of goods, crops and people. Stress, associated with work, and limited nutrition often result in a loss of condition, and cyathostomid nematodes may, then, cause ...
Aspöck C - - 1999
In an illustrative sequence of exercises, we teach our students how to don, use, and take off sterile gloves correctly and how to wash hands properly. During this sequence, the effect of a good handwashing technique as well as the effect of failures in aseptic technique with gloves is made ...
Christoplos I - - 1999
A variety of codes and standards for humanitarian assistance have been put forth in recent years. Many NGOs have agreed to abide by these codes. There is uncertainty, however, about if and how these codes are actually being put into practice. Have we moved from words to action? One response ...
Edwards A A - - 1999
This review traces the history of radiological protection judgements concerning the relative biological effectiveness (RBE) for neutrons and quality factor. The basis of the different views coming from the International Commission on Radiological Protection (ICRP) and the International Commission on Radiation Units and Measurements (ICRU) is explained. A review of ...
Euliano T Y - - 1999
BACKGROUND: We developed a problem-based learning exercise with a full-scale human patient simulator to teach residents the emergency management and differential diagnosis of acute intraoperative hypotension. METHODS: We developed the exercise through the following steps: clear definition of learning objectives, preparation of an appropriate case stem, development of clinically realistic ...
Stern L D - - 1999
Ten exercises are described that demonstrate some classic experiments in human memory and cognition. The studies, prepared in MEL Professional V1.0, have been incorporated in an undergraduate class taught by the author for a number of years. Survey data from students completing the course indicate that the exercises promote understanding ...
Ram B - - 1999
A series of surgical simulation exercises has been developed using an animal model to allow trainees to practise basic instrument handling and develop psychomotor skills in bronchoscopy, without risk to patients. A pig model was found to be most suitable. After suitable preparation the model can be used for diagnostic ...
van den Besselaar A M - - 1999
Five tissue factor reagents and three types of automated instruments for prothrombin time (PT) determination were studied in an international multicenter collaborative exercise. The purpose of this work was to determine the international sensitivity index (ISI) for each combination of reagent and instrument against the international reference preparation RBT/90. Each ...
Lumley M A - - 1999
To investigate the hypothesis that commercial kits for CFU-GM (colony forming unit granulocyte-macrophage) assay will reduce the interlaboratory variation noted by many workers, we carried out a quality assurance exercise in 2 parts. There were 8 participants in the first study and each performed CFU-GM assays using their in-house method ...
Schwartz L - - 1999
As rationing decisions become more of an immediate reality for healthcare practitioners it is important to design mechanisms that facilitate carefully deliberated outcomes. No individual can be expected to be able to cover wide debate on their own, so an exercise has been designed that helps generate consensus decisions from ...
Green S - - 1999
Experiences of the Regional Radiation Physics and Protection Service (RRPPS) in performance assessment of diagnostic X-ray QA instrumentation and on-patient dosemeters are recounted. Issues relating to the provision of realistic and reproducible reference conditions for calibrated X-irradiations are considered and summary statistics from test measurements of dose and kVp meters ...
Meek T - - 1999
We investigated the cricoid pressure technique of 135 anaesthetic assistants attending the annual conference of the British Association of Operating Department Assistants in May 1997. Their knowledge and training were assessed using a structured interview. Technique was assessed using a simulator measuring applied force during sham cricoid pressure. Our additional ...
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