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Randers M B MB Department of Nutrition, Exercise and Sports, Copenhagen Centre for Team Sport and Health, University of Copenhagen, Copenhagen, - - 2014
We examined the effect of the number of players on the activity profile and physiological response to small-sided recreational football games with fixed relative pitch size. Twelve untrained men (age: 33.0 ± 6.4 (± standard deviation) years, fat%: 22.4 ± 6.1%, VO2 max: 43.3 ± 5.2 mL/min/kg) completed three football sessions of 4 times 12 min with 3v3, 5v5, ...
De Souto Barreto Philipe P a Gérontopôle of Toulouse, Institute of Aging , Toulouse University Hospital (CHU Toulouse) , Toulouse , - - 2014
Abstract Information on the amount of exercise practised by nursing home (NH) residents is scarce. This study aimed at describing NH residents' participation in exercise classes, as well as to examine whether the presence of a professional exercise instructor in the facilities is associated with residents' exercise habits. The cross-sectional ...
de Sa Thiago Herick TH Department of Nutrition, School of Public Health, University of Sao Paulo, Sao Paulo, SP, Brazil, - - 2014
To describe the frequency and the distribution of the main types of leisure time physical activity (LTPA) practiced by Brazilian adults in 2012 and to observe their time trends from 2006 to 2012. Cross-sectional data from the Brazilian surveillance system of risk and protective factors for non-transmissible chronic diseases from ...
Waldron Mark M School of Science and Technology, University of New England, Armidale, NSW, 2350, Australia, - - 2014
With the advancements in player tracking technology, the topic of fatigue and pacing in team sport has become increasingly popular in recent years. Initially based upon a pre-conceived pacing schema, a central metabolic control system is proposed to guide the movement of players during team sport matches, which can be ...
Black Georgia M GM School of Exercise Science, Australian Catholic University, Brisbane, - - 2014
No study has investigated the frequency and nature of repeated high-intensity effort (RHIE) bouts across elite and semi-elite rugby league competitions. This study examined RHIE activity in rugby league match-play across playing standards. Thirty-six elite and sixty-four semi-elite rugby league players participated in this study. Global positioning system analysis was ...
Thomas Kevin K 1Faculty of Health and Life Sciences, Northumbria University, Newcastle-upon-Tyne, United Kingdom; 2School of Applied Management & Law, Buckinghamshire New University, High Wycombe, United Kingdom; 3Water Research Group, School of Environmental Sciences and Development, Northwest University, Potchefstroom, South Africa; 4School of Medicine, University of the Free State, Bloemfontein, South - - 2014
Few studies have assessed neuromuscular fatigue after self-paced locomotor exercise; moreover, none have assessed the degree of supraspinal fatigue. This study assessed central and peripheral fatigue after self-paced exercise of different durations. Thirteen well-trained male cyclists completed 4 km, 20 km and 40 km simulated time-trials (TTs). Pre- and immediately ...
Lane Risha R Vascular Unit, Hull Royal Infirmary, Anlaby Road, Hull, UK, HU3 - - 2014
Exercise programmes are a relatively inexpensive, low-risk option compared with other more invasive therapies for leg pain on walking (intermittent claudication (IC)). This is an update of a review first published in 1998. The prime objective of this review was to determine whether an exercise programme in people with intermittent ...
Oliver Jon L JL Cardiff School of Sport, Cardiff Metropolitan University, Cardiff, UK, - - 2014
To examine changes to neuromuscular control of leg stiffness following 42 min of soccer-specific exercise. Ten youth soccer players, aged 15.8 ± 0.4 years, stature 1.73 ± 0.06 m and mass 59.8 ± 9.7 kg, hopped on a force plate at a self-selected frequency before and after simulated soccer exercise performed on a non-motorised treadmill. During hopping, muscle activity was ...
Hamer Mark M Department of Epidemiology and Public Health, University College London, London, United Kingdom. Electronic address: - - 2014
The activity patterns of older adults include more light/mild-intensity or "non-exercise" activity and less moderate- to vigorous-intensity activity. The health benefits of this type of activity pattern remain unclear. To examine dose-response associations between physical activity and survival using time-varying analysis to understand the importance of "non-exercise" activity for survival ...
Grande Antonio Jose AJ Department of Public Health, Universidade do Extremo Sul Catarinense, Av. Universitária, 1105, Criciúma, Santa Catarina, Brazil, - - 2014
Asthma is a common condition characterised by airway inflammation and airway narrowing, which can result in intermittent symptoms of wheezing, coughing and chest tightness, possibly limiting activities of daily life. Water-based exercise is believed to offer benefits for people with asthma through pollen-free air, humidity and effects of exercise on ...
Santalla Alfredo A Universidad Pablo Olavide, Sevilla, - - 2014
McArdle disease is arguably the paradigm of exercise intolerance in humans. This disorder is caused by inherited deficiency of myophosphorylase, the enzyme isoform that initiates glycogen breakdown in skeletal muscles. Because patients are unable to obtain energy from their muscle glycogen stores, this disease provides an interesting model of study ...
Richardson A J AJ School of Sport and Service Management, Welkin Laboratories, University of Brighton,Eastbourne, UK - - - 2014
The aim of this study was to investigate the use of hypoxic sprint interval training (SIT) for the improvement of aerobic capacity. 27 participants (mean ± SD), age 21 ± 1 yrs, body mass 72.4 ± 9.7 kg and height 175 ±7 cm, completed an V̇O2peak incremental exercise test and ...
Phillips Shaun M SM 1Abertay University, Division of Sport and Exercise Sciences, Graham Building, Bell Street, Dundee, DD11HG 2University of Limerick, Physical Education and Sport Sciences Department, Limerick, Ireland 3Cardiff Metropolitan University, Cardiff School of Sport, Cyncoed Campus, Cardiff, CF23 - - 2014
This study investigated the reliability and accuracy of self-regulated recovery time and performance during repeated sprinting. On four occasions, 14 men (24.5 ± 5.0 y) completed 10 x 6 sec cycle sprints against 7.5% body mass, self-regulating (SR) recovery time to maintain performance. Subjects then repeated the test but with ...
Durand Sylvain S LUNAM Université, Université du Maine, Laboratoire « Motricité, Interactions, Performance », MIP - EA4334, Avenue Olivier Messiaen, 72000 LE MANS, - - 2014
This study aimed to evaluate energy expenditure (EE) and heart rate (HR) response in kart pilots to successive driving bouts during a 24h team-race. Eight adult male pilots (22.8 ± 4.1 years) participated to a team 24h speedway kart race in Le Mans (France). They alternatively piloted a 390cm kart. ...
Hoppe Matthias W MW Department of Movement Science, University of Wuppertal, Wuppertal, - - 2014
The aims of this study were 1) to assess the running activities of adolescent tennis players during match play with respect to velocity, acceleration, and deceleration, 2) to characterize changes in these activities during the course of a match, and 3) to identify potential differences between winners and losers. 20 ...
Clayton David J DJ School of Sport, Exercise and Health Sciences, Loughborough University, Loughborough, Leicestershire, LE11 3TU, - - 2014
Carbohydrate and protein ingestion post-exercise are known to facilitate muscle glycogen resynthesis and protein synthesis, respectively, but the effects of post-exercise nutrient intake on subsequent appetite are unknown. This study aimed to investigate whether protein induced satiety that has been reported at rest was still evident when pre-loads were consumed ...
Wu Eveline E a Osher Center for Integrative Medicine , University of California , San Francisco , CA , - - 2014
Objectives: Preventing Loss of Independence through Exercise (PLIÉ) is a novel, integrative exercise program for individuals with dementia that combines elements of different conventional and complementary exercise modalities (e.g. tai-chi, yoga, Feldenkrais, and dance movement therapy) and focuses on training procedural memory for basic functional movements (e.g., sit-to-stand) while increasing ...
Shahtahmassebi Behnaz B School of Psychology and Exercise Science, Murdoch University, SS2.015, 90 South Street, Murdoch, Perth, WA, 6150, - - 2014
Skeletal muscle plays an important role in maintaining the stability of the lumbar region. However, there is conflicting evidence regarding the effects of exercise on trunk muscle morphology. To systematically review the literature on the effects of exercise training on lower trunk muscle morphology to determine the comparative effectiveness of ...
Lau Patrick W C PW a Department of Physical Education , The Hong Kong Baptist University , Kowloon Tong , Hong - - 2014
Abstract This study examined the effects of a 6-week intermittent exercise training, at different intensities, on body composition, functional walking and aerobic endurance in overweight children. Forty-eight overweight children (age: 10.4 ± 0.9 years) were randomly assigned to either intervention or control group. Lower and higher intensity intermittent exercise groups ...
Breese Brynmor C BC Children's Health and Exercise Research Centre, Sport and Health Sciences, College of Life and Environmental Sciences, University of Exeter, St Luke's Campus, Heavitree Road, Exeter, EX1 2LU, - - 2014
During constant work rate exercise above the lactate threshold (LT), the initial rapid phase of pulmonary oxygen uptake ([Formula: see text]O2) kinetics is supplemented by an additional [Formula: see text]O2 slow component ([Formula: see text]O2Sc) which reduces the efficiency of muscular work. The [Formula: see text]O2Sc amplitude has been shown ...
Rebmann Terri - - 2014
The Centers for Disease Control and Prevention recommends using open points of dispensing (PODs) and alternative modalities, such as closed PODs, for mass dispensing of medical countermeasures. However, closed POD existence has not been assessed. In 2013 we sent an online questionnaire to US Cities Readiness Initiative (CRI) and non-CRI ...
Celikagi Cemil C Departments of aPhysiology bGeneral Surgery cAnatomy, Faculty of Medicine, Afyon Kocatepe University, Afyonkarahisar dDepartment of Physiology, Faculty of Medicine, Dumlupinar University, Kutahya, - - 2014
The aim of this study was to investigate the daily energy expenditure; resting metabolic rate (RMR); health-related physical fitness parameters such as maximal aerobic capacity, muscle strength, and flexibility; pulmonary function tests (PFTs); and body composition and body fat distribution changes in patients with cholelithiasis, and to compare them with ...
Schippers Marie-Pierre MP McMaster University, - - 2014
Fuel selection patterns during exercise are thought to be conserved among sea-level native mammals when intensity is expressed relative to maximum aerobic capacity (VO2max). However, this claim is based on data from only a few species larger than rats, and has never been tested statistically. Thus, we investigated fuel use ...
Chartrand Geneviève G Department of Surgery, Steinberg-Bernstein Centre for Minimally Invasive Surgery and Innovation, McGill University Health Centre, 1650 Cedar Avenue E19-117, Montreal, QC, Canada, - - 2014
Exercise is beneficial to learning. The purpose of this research was to determine whether an episode of aerobic exercise prior to practice improves the acquisition and retention of laparoscopic skills in the fundamentals of laparoscopic surgery (FLS) simulator. Baseline maximal physical fitness (VO2 max), performance on peg transfer (PT), pattern ...
Bongers Bart C BC 1Child Development & Exercise Center, Wilhelmina Children's Hospital, University Medical Center Utrecht, Utrecht, the Netherlands; 2Department of Epidemiology, School for Public Health and Primary Care (CAPHRI), Maastricht University, Maastricht, the Netherlands; 3De Kinderkliniek, Almere, the Netherlands; 4Department of Pediatric Respiratory Medicine, Wilhelmina Children's Hospital, University Medical Center Utrecht, Utrecht, the - - 2014
The steep ramp test (SRT) can be used to provide an indication of exercise capacity when gas-exchange measurements are not possible. This study evaluated the clinical usefulness of the SRT in adolescents with cystic fibrosis (CF) and compared the physiological responses of the SRT with the standard cardiopulmonary exercise test ...
Kelly James J Exeter - - 2014
We investigated the effects of dietary nitrate (NO3 (-)) supplementation on the concentration of plasma nitrite ([NO2 (-)]), oxygen uptake (VO2) kinetics and exercise tolerance in normoxia (N) and hypoxia (H). In a double-blind, crossover study, twelve healthy subjects completed cycle exercise tests, twice in N (20.9% O2) and twice ...
Goodall Stuart S 1Faculty of Health and Life Sciences, Department of Sport, Exercise & Rehabilitation, Northumbria University, Newcastle, United Kingdom; 2Water Research Group, School of Environmental Sciences and Development, Northwest University, Potchefstroom, South - - 2014
To determine the pattern of neuromuscular fatigability that manifests during repeated sprint running exercise. Twelve male participants (mean ± SD age, 25 ± 6 yr; stature, 180 ± 7 cm; body mass, 77 ± 7 kg), currently training and competing in intermittent sprint sports, performed a repeated maximal sprint running ...
Tarnopolsky Mark A MA From the Division of Neuromuscular and Neurometabolic Diseases, McMaster University, Hamilton, Ontario, Canada - - 2014
Patients with mitochondrial cytopathies often experience exercise intolerance and may have fixed muscle weakness, leading to impaired functional capacity and lower quality of life. Endurance exercise training increases Vo 2 max, respiratory chain enzyme activity, and improves quality of life. Resistance exercise training increases muscle strength and may lower mutational ...
Freitas Sandro R SR Universidade de Lisboa, Fac Motricidade Humana, CIPER, Lisbon, - - 2014
Static stretching with rest between repetitions is often performed to acutely increase joint flexibility. To test 1) the effects of the lack of resting between stretching repetitions, and 2) the minimal number of stretching repetitions required to change the maximal range of motion (ROM), maximal tolerated joint passive torque (MPT), ...
Thiele R M RM a Applied Musculoskeletal and Human Physiology Laboratory, Department of Health and Human Performance , Oklahoma State University , Stillwater , OK , - - 2014
Abstract The purpose of this study was to investigate the effects of a high-intensity free-weight back-squat exercise on postural stability characteristics in resistance-trained males. Eighteen college-aged (mean ± SD: age = 22.9 ± 2.9 years; height = 175.8 ± 6.4 cm; mass = 86.3 ± 9.3 kg), resistance-trained males performed postural stability testing before and after completing five sets of eight repetitions of back-squat exercises at 80% ...
Reeves K A KA Department of Sport and Exercise Science, University of Portsmouth, Hampshire, UK - - - 2014
Barefoot running can improve running economy (RE) compared to shod running at low exercise intensities, but data is lacking for the higher intensities typical during many distance running competitions. The influence of barefoot running on the velocity at maximal oxygen uptake (vVO2max) and peak incremental treadmill test velocity (vmax) is ...
Courneya Kerry S - - 2014
BackgroundExercise is beneficial for breast cancer patients during chemotherapy but adherence to different types and doses of exercise is a challenge. The purpose of this study was to examine predictors of adherence to different types and doses of exercise during breast cancer chemotherapy in a multicenter randomized controlled trial.MethodsBreast cancer ...
Adams J D JD Human Performance Laboratory, Department of Health, Human Performance, and Recreation, University of Arkansas, HPER 321, 155 Stadium Drive, Fayetteville, AR 72701, - - 2014
The purpose was to determine if an air-filled vest worn under ballistic protection reduces physiological strain during exercise in the heat either while wearing a tactical military (TM) protective vest or a law enforcement (LE) concealable vest. Sixteen men (24.5±3.9 years; 179.5±5.6cm; 84.6±12.3kg) performed either two or four trials of ...
Celik Murat M Department of Cardiology, School of Medicine, Gulhane Military Medical Academy, Ankara, - - 2014
There is an increasing interest for the value of right ventricle (RV) in predicting exercise tolerance and prognosis in cardiovascular disease. However, there is relatively few data evaluating the effect of age on RV diastolic filling velocities during rest or exercise in healthy subjects. A total of 54 healthy subjects ...
Kunstetter A C AC Laboratório de Fisiologia do Exercício, Departamento de Educação Física, Escola de Educação Física, Fisioterapia e Terapia Ocupacional, Universidade Federal de Minas Gerais, Belo Horizonte, MG, - - 2014
There is evidence that brain temperature (Tbrain) provides a more sensitive index than other core body temperatures in determining physical performance. However, no study has addressed whether the association between performance and increases in Tbrain in a temperate environment is dependent upon exercise intensity, and this was the primary aim ...
Garzon Mauricio M a Cardiovascular Prevention and Rehabilitation Centre (ÉPIC) , Montreal Heart Institute and University of Montreal , Montreal , Quebec , - - 2014
Abstract The external power output (Pext) is unknown during chest-level immersion exercise on water immersible ergocycles (IE). This knowledge will allow the practitioner to prescribe accurately exercise on an IE to the same workload on dryland ergocycle (DE). To develop a mathematical model to calculate Pext during chest-level immersion exercise ...
Lauret Gert Jan GJ Department of Vascular Surgery, Catharina Hospital, Michelangelolaan 2, Eindhoven, Netherlands, 5623 - - 2014
According to international guidelines and literature, all patients with intermittent claudication should receive an initial treatment of cardiovascular risk modification, lifestyle coaching, and supervised exercise therapy. In most studies, supervised exercise therapy consists of treadmill or track walking. However, alternative modes of exercise therapy have been described and yielded similar ...
Brandon R R English Institute of Sport, Marlow, UK; Health and Exercise Research Group, University of Stirling, Stirling, - - 2014
The study's aim was to establish the neuromuscular responses in elite athletes during and following maximal 'explosive' regular back squat exercise at heavy, moderate, and light loads. Ten elite track and field athletes completed 10 sets of five maximal squat repetitions on three separate days. Knee extension maximal isometric voluntary ...
Kulinski Jacquelyn P JP Division of Cardiology, Department of Internal Medicine, University of Texas Southwestern Medical Center, - - 2014
To determine the association between cardiorespiratory fitness and sedentary behavior, independent of exercise activity. We included 2223 participants (aged 12-49 years; 1053 females [47%]) without known heart disease who had both cardiovascular fitness testing and at least 1 day of accelerometer data from the National Health and Nutrition Examination Survey ...
Casillas Jean-Marie JM Plateforme d'Investigation Technologique CIC-P Inserm 803, University Hospital of Dijon, Dijon, France Inserm U1093, Dijon, France Cardiac Rehabilitation Department, University Hospital of Dijon, Dijon, France - - 2014
To develop a new predictive model of maximal heart rate based on two walking tests at different speeds (comfortable and brisk walking) as an alternative to a cardiopulmonary exercise test during cardiac rehabilitation. Evaluation of a clinical assessment tool. A Cardiac Rehabilitation Department in France. A total of 148 patients ...
Uc Ergun Y EY From the Departments of Neurology (E.Y.U., T.R.T., M.R., S.R.N., J.B., S.W.A.), Internal Medicine (K.C.D., J.N.K.), Radiology (V.M.), Biostatistics (J.D.D., D.R.B.), Psychology (M.W.V.), and Health and Human Physiology (W.G.D.), University of Iowa, Iowa City; Neurology Service (E.Y.U., T.R.T., S.R.N.), Veterans Affairs Medical Center, Iowa City, IA; Department of Neurology (S.M., T.J.G.), University of Washington, Seattle; and Department of Psychology (A.F.K.), Beckman Institute, University of Illinois, Urbana-Champaign. - - 2014
To (1) investigate effects of aerobic walking on motor function, cognition, and quality of life in Parkinson disease (PD), and (2) compare safety, tolerability, and fitness benefits of different forms of exercise intervention: continuous/moderate intensity vs interval/alternating between low and vigorous intensity, and individual/neighborhood vs group/facility setting.METHODS: Initial design was ...
Pauli Nina N Dep. of Otorhinolaryngology, Head and Neck Surgery, Institute of Clinical Sciences, Sahlgrenska Academy at the University of Gothenburg, Sahlgrenska University Hospital, Gothenburg, - - 2014
Background: Trismus after head and neck cancer (HNC) is a symptom associated with pain and negatively affected health related quality of life. Aim of this study was to compare two different jaw exercise devices and the compliance to exercise. Methods: 50 patients with HNC were randomized to jaw exercise with ...
Ploughman Michelle M Recovery and Performance Laboratory, Faculty of Medicine, Memorial University, St. John's, Newfoundland and Labrador, Canada Rehabilitation and Continuing Care Program, Eastern Health Authority, L.A. Miller Centre Eastern Health, St. John's, Newfoundland and Labrador, - - 2014
To determine the effectiveness of a community re-integration exercise initiative on function, mood, participation, and exercise adherence for persons with moderate to severe neurological conditions (stroke, multiple sclerosis, etc.). We recruited 29 adults (able to walk at least 3 m with assistance) discharged from an outpatient rehabilitation program for the ...
Callison Emily R ER School of Health, Physical Education, and Recreation, Exercise Physiology Laboratory, University of Nebraska at Omaha, Omaha, - - 2014
Callison, ER, Berg, KE, and Slivka, DR. Grunting in tennis increases ball velocity but not oxygen cost. J Strength Cond Res 28(7): 1915-1919, 2014-Grunting is widely used by professional tennis players, but no research has been done to verify enhanced performance with grunting. Therefore, the purpose of this study was ...
Grieco Carmine R CR 1 Department of Education, Glenville State College , Glenville, - - 2014
Abstract Background: Type 2 diabetes (T2D) is associated with autonomic nervous system damage resulting in reduced heart rate variability (HRV). Limited evidence suggests yogic breathing exercises may improve indices of HRV. Purpose: The purpose of this study was to evaluate the effect of two commonly used yogic breathing exercises on ...
Thalayasingam Meera M University Children's Medical Institute, National University Hospital, Singapore, - - 2014
Wheat-dependent exercise-induced anaphylaxis (WDEIA) is a specific form of wheat allergy caused by the combination of wheat ingestion and physical exercise and has been reported in other parts of Asia. At present, there are no published reports of WDEIA in Singapore. The objective of this study is to characterise the ...
Zainuldin Rahizan R Discipline of Physiotherapy, Faculty of Health Sciences, The University of Sydney (Drs Zainuldin, Mackey, and Alison), and Department of Physiotherapy, Royal Prince Alfred Hospital (Dr Alison), Sydney, New South Wales, Australia; and Rehabilitation Department, Alexandra Hospital, Jurong Health Services, Singapore (Dr - - 2014
The 6-minute walk test (6MWT) is widely used in clinical practice, particularly to assess functional exercise capacity and to prescribe walking training intensity in people with chronic obstructive pulmonary disease (COPD). However, the actual walking intensity prescribed from the 6MWT, in terms of percent peak oxygen uptake (%VO2peak) and percent ...
Wearing Scott C SC 1 Institute of Health and Biomedical Innovation, Queensland University of Technology, Queensland, Australia 2 Centre of Excellence for Applied Sport Science Research, Queensland Academy of Sport, Queensland, - - 2014
This research evaluated the effect of tendinopathy on the cumulative transverse strain response of the patellar tendon to a bout of resistive quadriceps exercise. Nine adults with unilateral patellar tendinopathy (age 18.2±0.7 years, height 1.92±0.06 m and weight 76.8±6.8 kg) and ten healthy adults free of knee pain (age 17.8±0.8 ...
Nederveen Joshua P JP Canadian Centre for Activity and Aging, The University of Western Ontario, London, ON, - - 2014
This study examined the impact of eccentric exercise-induced muscle damage on the rate of adjustment in muscle deoxygenation and pulmonary O2 uptake ([Formula: see text]) kinetics during moderate exercise. Fourteen males (25 ± 3 year; mean ± SD) completed three step transitions to 90 % θL before (Pre), 24 h (Post24) and 48 h after (Post48) eccentric exercise ...
Wong Del Pui-Lam DP Human Performance Laboratory, Technological and Higher Education Institute of Hong Kong, Room 313, 20A, Tsing Yi Road, Tsing Yi Island New Territories, Hong Kong, China. Electronic address: - - 2014
This study aimed to (1) quantify the respective physical workloads of bar bending and fixing; and (2) compare the physiological and perceptual responses between bar benders and bar fixers. Field studies were conducted during the summer in Hong Kong from July 2011 to August 2011 over six construction sites. Synchronized ...
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