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Nightingale Tom Edward TE Centre for DisAbility Sport and Health, Department for Health, University of Bath, Bath, UNITED - - 2014
This study aimed to assess the influence of anatomical placement of an accelerometer on physical activity energy expenditure prediction in manual wheelchair users. Ten accelerometer units (ActiGraph GT3X+) were attached to a multiaxis shaker table and subjected to a sinusoidal oscillation procedure to assess mechanical validity and reliability. Fifteen manual ...
Lankhaar Jeannette A C JA a University Medical Center Utrecht - - 2014
This systematic review describes the state of the art of the impact of hypothyroidism on exercise tolerance and physical performance capacity in untreated and treated patients with hypothyroidism. A systematic computer-aided search was conducted using biomedical databases. Relevant studies in English, German, and Dutch, published from the earliest date of ...
Hommerding Patrícia Xavier PX Faculdade de Fisioterapia, Centro Universitario Franciscano (UNIFRA), Santa Maria, Rio Grande do Sul, Brazil. - - 2014
Regular aerobic exercise in patients with cystic fibrosis (CF) improves aerobic conditioning and delays disease progression, resulting in better quality of life. The purpose of this study was to evaluate the effect of an aerobic exercise program based on verbal and written guidelines on maximum exercise capacity using a cardiopulmonary ...
Flouris Andreas D AD FAME Laboratory, Department of Exercise Science, University of Thessaly, 42100, Trikala, - - 2014
We examined whether treatment for exertional heat stress via ice water immersion (IWI) or natural recovery is affected by the intensity of physical work performed and, thus, the time taken to reach hyperthermia. Nine adults (18-45 years; 17.9 ± 2.8 percent body fat; 57.0 ± 2.0 mL kg(-1) min(-1) peak oxygen uptake) completed four conditions incorporating either walking ...
Griggs Katy E KE Peter Harrison Centre for Disability Sport, School of Sport, Exercise and Health Sciences, Loughborough University, Loughborough, - - 2014
Cooling strategies that help prevent a reduction in exercise capacity whilst exercising in the heat have received considerable research interest over the past 3 decades, especially in the lead up to a relatively hot Olympic and Paralympic Games. Progressing into the next Olympic/Paralympic cycle, the host, Rio de Janeiro, could ...
Tibana Ramires A RA Graduation Program on Physical Education, Catholic University of Brasilia, Brasilia, - - 2014
The aim of the present study was to compare the response of systolic blood pressure (SBP), mean blood pressure (MBP) and diastolic blood pressure (DBP) following combined training with 1 set or with 3 sets of resistance exercise (RE). Sixteen women with metabolic syndrome (MetS) were randomly assigned to perform ...
Hyun Chul Woong CW Department of Physical Medicine and Rehabilitation, Jeju National University Hospital, Jeju National University School of - - 2014
To investigate aerobic capacity with and without an ankle-foot orthosis (AFO) in subacute hemiparetic stroke patients. Prospective crossover intervention study. Rehabilitation clinic in secondary care. Patients diagnosed with first-ever cerebral stroke involving the cortical or subcortical area resulting in hemiparesis (n = 15, eight men and seven women; average age, ...
Oliveira Joao Augusto P JA Periodontology, Federal University of Rio Grande do Sul, - - 2014
Background: Physical inactivity has been associated with poor oral health. The aim of this study was to assess whether or not periodontal disease is a risk indicator for poor physical fitness. Methods: This cross-sectional study included 111 men who performed a physical fitness test (PFT) composed of four exercises: (1) ...
Stevens Daniel D Department of Pediatrics, Division of Respirology, Faculty of Medicine, Dalhousie University, Halifax, NS, Canada, - - 2014
The clinical importance of exercise testing and training in the healthcare management of young patients with cystic fibrosis (CF) is growing. The aim of the present study was to determine the incidence of airflow limitation following cardiopulmonary exercise testing (CPET) and heavy-intensity intermittent exercise (HIIE) in young patients with CF. ...
Lacy Ryan T RT Department of Psychology, Davidson - - 2014
Epidemiological studies report that individuals who exercise are less likely to abuse drugs. Preclinical studies report that exercise, in the form of treadmill or wheel running, reliably decreases the self-administration of psychomotor stimulants and opioids. To date, preclinical studies have only examined the effects of exercise on responding maintained by ...
Donath Lars L Department of Sport, Exercise and Health, University of Basel, Basel, - - 2014
Background: Balance and strength training can reduce seniors' fall risk up to 50%. Available evidence suggests that acute bouts of neuromuscular and endurance exercise deteriorate postural control. High-intensity endurance training has been successfully applied in different populations. Thus, it seemed valuable to examine the acute effects of high-intensity interval training ...
Gözen Ali Serdar AS SLK Kliniken, urology , am gesundbrunnen 26 , heilbronn, Germany , 74078 , Germany ; - - 2014
Objective: Laparoscopic surgery can be harmful to surgeons requiring a prolonged learning-curve due to significant ergonomic drawbacks. Based on preliminary clinical experience, we present an experimental evaluation of the second-generation ETHOSTm operating chair by comparing it with 2 different operating positions, of conventional laparoscopic pelvic surgery. Materials and Methods: The ...
Schoenfeld Brad J BJ Department of Health Sciences, Program of Exercise Science, CUNY Lehman College, Bronx, NY, USA, - - 2014
It has been hypothesized that lifting light loads to muscular failure will activate the full spectrum of MUs and thus bring about muscular adaptations similar to high-load training. The purpose of this study was to investigate EMG activity during low- versus high-load training during performance of a multi-joint exercise by ...
Murphy Alistair P AP School of Human Movement Studies, Charles Sturt University, Bathurst, NSW, - - 2014
Given the travel that punctuates junior tennis development, an understanding of the changes in fitness owing to touring and the association between training loads (TL's) and fitness upon return, is vital. We investigated physical capacity changes from pre to post tour, determining if those changes were related to the TL's ...
McKenzie K-J L KJ Department of Medicine, The University of British Columbia, Vancouver, British Columbia, - - 2014
Over 100 000 solid organ transplants are performed worldwide each year and this has a significant impact on physical function and quality of life. However, the capacity for exercise in solid-organ recipients is reduced. Regular physical activity improves most of the indices of fitness in these patients but, with few exceptions, ...
Young Kieran P KP Canadian Sport Institute Pacific, Victoria, BC, - - 2014
The purpose of the study was to evaluate whether the dynamic strength index (DSI) (ballistic peak force / isometric peak force) could be effectively used to guide specific training interventions and detect training induced changes in maximal and ballistic strength. Twenty-four elite male athletes were assessed in the isometric bench ...
Thiebaud Robert S RS Department of Health and Exercise Science, University of Oklahoma, Norman, Oklahoma, - - 2014
Home-based resistance exercise is commonly used for individuals who might not have access or the ability to use traditional resistance exercise. However, the extent to which home-based resistance exercise can improve both strength and functional ability has not been investigated in healthy older individuals using a systematic analysis. The current ...
McGill Stuart S a Spine Biomechanics Laboratory , University of Waterloo , Waterloo , Canada N2L - - 2014
Abstract This study examined anterior chain whole body linkage exercises, namely the body saw, hanging leg raise and walkout from a push-up. Investigation of these exercises focused on which particular muscles were challenged and the magnitude of the resulting spine load. Fourteen males performed the exercises while muscle activity, external ...
Stefanetti Renae J RJ Centre for Physical Activity and Nutrition, School of Exercise and Nutrition Sciences, Deakin University, Burwood, 3125, - - 2014
Knowledge on the effects of divergent exercise on ostensibly protein degradation pathways may be valuable for counteracting muscle wasting and for understanding muscle remodelling. This study examined mRNA and/or protein levels of molecular markers of the ubiquitin proteasome pathway (UPP), including FBXO32 (atrogin-1), MURF-1, FBXO40, FOXO1 and FOXO3. Protein substrates ...
De Guzman Vanessa V Department of Otolaryngology, Massachusetts Eye and Ear Infirmary, - - 2014
Paradoxical vocal fold motion (PVFM) affects almost 1 million adolescents in the United States. However, to date, no disease-specific objective measure exists to assess symptom severity and response to treatment in adolescents with exercise-induced PVFM. To validate the Dyspnea Index (DI) quality-of-life instrument (previously validated for adults with breathing disorders) ...
Yamashiro Stanley M SM University of Southern California - - 2014
Transient responses of ventilation (VE) to limb motion can exhibit predictive characteristics. In response to a change in limb motion a rapid change in VE is commonly observed with characteristics different than during a change in work load. This rapid change has been attributed to a feedforward or adaptive response. ...
Ravanelli Nicholas M NM Thermal Ergonomics Laboratory, School of Human Kinetics, University of Ottawa, 200 Lees Ave, Ottawa, K1N 6N5, - - 2014
To reevaluate the previous hypothesis that greater reductions in self-paced exercise intensity in the heat are mediated by early differences in the rate of body heat storage (S). Eight trained volunteers cycled in 19 °C/1.8 kPa (COOL), 25 °C/1.2 kPa (NORM), and 34 °C/1.6 kPa (HOT), while maintaining an RPE of 16. Potential differences in S ...
Green M A MA School of Health and Related Research (ScHARR), University of Sheffield, Sheffield, - - 2014
ObjectiveTo analyse whether an individual's neighbourhood influences the uptake of weight management strategies and if there is an interaction between individual socio-economic status (SES) and neighbourhood deprivation.MethodologyData were collected from the Yorkshire Health Study (2010-2012) for 27 806 individuals on the use of the following weight management strategies; 'slimming clubs', 'healthy ...
Randers M B MB Department of Nutrition, Exercise and Sports, Copenhagen Centre for Team Sport and Health, University of Copenhagen, Copenhagen, - - 2014
We examined the effect of the number of players on the activity profile and physiological response to small-sided recreational football games with fixed relative pitch size. Twelve untrained men (age: 33.0 ± 6.4 (± standard deviation) years, fat%: 22.4 ± 6.1%, VO2 max: 43.3 ± 5.2 mL/min/kg) completed three football sessions of 4 times 12 min with 3v3, 5v5, ...
Iliffe Steve S Research Department of Primary Care and Population Health, University College London, London, - - 2014
Regular physical activity (PA) reduces the risk of falls and hip fractures, and mortality from all causes. However, PA levels are low in the older population and previous intervention studies have demonstrated only modest, short-term improvements. To evaluate the impact of two exercise promotion programmes on PA in people aged ...
Hoppe Matthias W MW Department of Movement Science, University of Wuppertal, Wuppertal, - - 2014
The aims of this study were (1) to assess the running activities of adolescent tennis players during match play with respect to velocity, acceleration, and deceleration; (2) to characterize changes in these activities during the course of a match; and (3) to identify potential differences between winners and losers. Twenty ...
Al-Mallah Mouaz H MH Division of Cardiovascular Medicine, Henry Ford Hospital, Detroit, Michigan; Department of Medicine, Wayne State University, Detroit, Michigan; Cardiac Imaging Department, King Abdul Aziz Cardiac Center, Riyadh, Saudi - - 2014
Although physical fitness is a powerful prognostic marker in clinical medicine, most cardiovascular population-based studies do not have a direct measurement of cardiorespiratory fitness. In line with the call from the National Heart Lung and Blood Institute for innovative, low-cost, epidemiologic studies leveraging electronic medical record (EMR) data, we describe ...
Biasin Louis L L. Biasin, BSc, BScPT, Toronto Rehabilitation Institute-Mobility Team, University Health Network, Room 11-107, Toronto, Canada, M5G 2A2; and Department of Physical Therapy, University of Toronto, Toronto, - - 2014
Aerobic activity positively impacts patients recovering from stroke and is part of best practice guidelines, yet this evidence has not translated to routine practice. The objective was to evaluate the feasibility of a model of care that integrated aerobic training in an in-patient rehabilitation setting for patients in the sub-acute ...
Awick Elizabeth A EA Department of Kinesiology and Community Health, University of Illinois at Urbana-Champaign, 906 S. Goodwin Ave, Urbana, IL, 61801, USA, - - 2014
Maintaining quality of life (QOL) and physical and mental health status are important outcomes throughout the aging process. Although cross-sectional studies suggest a relationship between global QOL and physical activity, it is unclear whether such a relationship exists as a function of exercise training. We examined the effects of two ...
Ribeiro J J Centre of Research, Education, Innovation and Intervention in Sport (CIFI2D), Faculty of Sport,University of Porto, Porto, Portugal - - - 2014
The purpose of this study was to assess and characterize the ventilatory anaerobic threshold in swimming, and to verify if the anaerobic metabolic threshold could be accurately estimated using ventilatory parameters. Methods. Twenty--eight national--level male swimmers performed a n x 200 m front crawl individualized intermittent incremental protocol, with 30 ...
Storre Jan H JH Department of Pneumology, Cologne-Merheim Hospital, Kliniken der Stadt Köln, Witten/Herdecke University Hospital, Cologne;Department of Pneumology, University Hospital Freiburg, Freiburg; - - 2014
High-intensity noninvasive ventilation (HI-NIV) is the most effective means of improving several physiological and clinical parameters in subjects with chronic hypercapnic COPD. Whether the newer hybrid mode using target tidal volume noninvasive ventilation (target VT NIV) provides additional benefits remains unclear. Subjects with COPD successfully established on long-term HI-NIV were ...
Galle Samuel S Department of Movement and Sport Sciences, Ghent University, Watersportlaan 2, 9000, Ghent, Belgium, - - 2014
A simple ankle-foot exoskeleton that assists plantarflexion during push-off can reduce the metabolic power during walking. This suggests that walking performance during a maximal incremental exercise could be improved with an exoskeleton if the exoskeleton is still efficient during maximal exercise intensities. Therefore, we quantified the walking performance during a ...
De Souto Barreto Philipe P a Gérontopôle of Toulouse, Institute of Aging , Toulouse University Hospital (CHU Toulouse) , Toulouse , - - 2014
Abstract Information on the amount of exercise practised by nursing home (NH) residents is scarce. This study aimed at describing NH residents' participation in exercise classes, as well as to examine whether the presence of a professional exercise instructor in the facilities is associated with residents' exercise habits. The cross-sectional ...
Kitatani Ryosuke R Department of Physical Therapy, Human Health Sciences, Graduate School of Medicine, Kyoto University, Kyoto, Japan; Japan Society for the Promotion of Science, Tokyo, Japan. Electronic address: - - 2014
To investigate the effects of an automated stride assistance device that assists hip joint flexion and extension movement on energy expenditure during walking in healthy young adults using an expired gas method. Prospective, single group design to compare the differences energy expenditure between 2 assist conditions. Laboratory in a department ...
de Sa Thiago Herick TH Department of Nutrition, School of Public Health, University of Sao Paulo, Sao Paulo, SP, Brazil, - - 2014
To describe the frequency and the distribution of the main types of leisure time physical activity (LTPA) practiced by Brazilian adults in 2012 and to observe their time trends from 2006 to 2012. Cross-sectional data from the Brazilian surveillance system of risk and protective factors for non-transmissible chronic diseases from ...
Waldron Mark M School of Science and Technology, University of New England, Armidale, NSW, 2350, Australia, - - 2014
With the advancements in player tracking technology, the topic of fatigue and pacing in team sport has become increasingly popular in recent years. Initially based upon a pre-conceived pacing schema, a central metabolic control system is proposed to guide the movement of players during team sport matches, which can be ...
Black Georgia M GM School of Exercise Science, Australian Catholic University, Brisbane, - - 2014
No study has investigated the frequency and nature of repeated high-intensity effort (RHIE) bouts across elite and semi-elite rugby league competitions. This study examined RHIE activity in rugby league match-play across playing standards. Thirty-six elite and sixty-four semi-elite rugby league players participated in this study. Global positioning system analysis was ...
Thomas Kevin K 1Faculty of Health and Life Sciences, Northumbria University, Newcastle-upon-Tyne, United Kingdom; 2School of Applied Management & Law, Buckinghamshire New University, High Wycombe, United Kingdom; 3Water Research Group, School of Environmental Sciences and Development, Northwest University, Potchefstroom, South Africa; 4School of Medicine, University of the Free State, Bloemfontein, South - - 2014
Few studies have assessed neuromuscular fatigue after self-paced locomotor exercise; moreover, none have assessed the degree of supraspinal fatigue. This study assessed central and peripheral fatigue after self-paced exercise of different durations. Thirteen well-trained male cyclists completed 4 km, 20 km and 40 km simulated time-trials (TTs). Pre- and immediately ...
Lane Risha R Vascular Unit, Hull Royal Infirmary, Anlaby Road, Hull, UK, HU3 - - 2014
Exercise programmes are a relatively inexpensive, low-risk option compared with other more invasive therapies for leg pain on walking (intermittent claudication (IC)). This is an update of a review first published in 1998. The prime objective of this review was to determine whether an exercise programme in people with intermittent ...
Oliver Jon L JL Cardiff School of Sport, Cardiff Metropolitan University, Cardiff, UK, - - 2014
To examine changes to neuromuscular control of leg stiffness following 42 min of soccer-specific exercise. Ten youth soccer players, aged 15.8 ± 0.4 years, stature 1.73 ± 0.06 m and mass 59.8 ± 9.7 kg, hopped on a force plate at a self-selected frequency before and after simulated soccer exercise performed on a non-motorised treadmill. During hopping, muscle activity was ...
Hamer Mark M Department of Epidemiology and Public Health, University College London, London, United Kingdom. Electronic address: - - 2014
The activity patterns of older adults include more light/mild-intensity or "non-exercise" activity and less moderate- to vigorous-intensity activity. The health benefits of this type of activity pattern remain unclear. To examine dose-response associations between physical activity and survival using time-varying analysis to understand the importance of "non-exercise" activity for survival ...
Maranhao Neto Geraldo A GA Salgado de Oliveira University, Niteroi, RJ, - - 2014
Peak oxygen pulse has been considered a surrogate of cardiovascular function and an independent predictor of all cause mortality. However, O2Ppeak depends on maximal volitional effort which may limit its utility in older subjects. The aim of this study was to develop a model to estimate O2Ppeak without exercise in ...
Grande Antonio Jose AJ Department of Public Health, Universidade do Extremo Sul Catarinense, Av. Universitária, 1105, Criciúma, Santa Catarina, Brazil, - - 2014
Asthma is a common condition characterised by airway inflammation and airway narrowing, which can result in intermittent symptoms of wheezing, coughing and chest tightness, possibly limiting activities of daily life. Water-based exercise is believed to offer benefits for people with asthma through pollen-free air, humidity and effects of exercise on ...
Santalla Alfredo A Universidad Pablo Olavide, Sevilla, - - 2014
McArdle disease is arguably the paradigm of exercise intolerance in humans. This disorder is caused by inherited deficiency of myophosphorylase, the enzyme isoform that initiates glycogen breakdown in skeletal muscles. Because patients are unable to obtain energy from their muscle glycogen stores, this disease provides an interesting model of study ...
Richardson A J AJ School of Sport and Service Management, Welkin Laboratories, University of Brighton,Eastbourne, UK - - - 2014
The aim of this study was to investigate the use of hypoxic sprint interval training (SIT) for the improvement of aerobic capacity. 27 participants (mean ± SD), age 21 ± 1 yrs, body mass 72.4 ± 9.7 kg and height 175 ±7 cm, completed an V̇O2peak incremental exercise test and ...
Mazzoleni Stefano S The BioRobotics Institute, Scuola Superiore Sant'Anna, Pisa, Italy; Rehabilitation Bioengineering Laboratory, Volterra, Italy. Electronic address: - - 2014
To evaluate the effectiveness of an interactive videogame (IV) system in addition to a supervised pulmonary rehabilitation programme (PRP) in patients with chronic respiratory diseases. Randomised Controlled Trial comparing standard PRP (20 patients, control group: CG), and PRP + sessions of interactive videogame-aided exercises (20 patients, experimental group: EG). Lung and respiratory ...
Phillips Shaun M SM 1Abertay University, Division of Sport and Exercise Sciences, Graham Building, Bell Street, Dundee, DD11HG 2University of Limerick, Physical Education and Sport Sciences Department, Limerick, Ireland 3Cardiff Metropolitan University, Cardiff School of Sport, Cyncoed Campus, Cardiff, CF23 - - 2014
This study investigated the reliability and accuracy of self-regulated recovery time and performance during repeated sprinting. On four occasions, 14 men (24.5 ± 5.0 y) completed 10 x 6 sec cycle sprints against 7.5% body mass, self-regulating (SR) recovery time to maintain performance. Subjects then repeated the test but with ...
Durand Sylvain S LUNAM Université, Université du Maine, Laboratoire « Motricité, Interactions, Performance », MIP - EA4334, Avenue Olivier Messiaen, 72000 LE MANS, - - 2014
This study aimed to evaluate energy expenditure (EE) and heart rate (HR) response in kart pilots to successive driving bouts during a 24h team-race. Eight adult male pilots (22.8 ± 4.1 years) participated to a team 24h speedway kart race in Le Mans (France). They alternatively piloted a 390cm kart. ...
Hoppe Matthias W MW Department of Movement Science, University of Wuppertal, Wuppertal, - - 2014
The aims of this study were 1) to assess the running activities of adolescent tennis players during match play with respect to velocity, acceleration, and deceleration, 2) to characterize changes in these activities during the course of a match, and 3) to identify potential differences between winners and losers. 20 ...
Clayton David J DJ School of Sport, Exercise and Health Sciences, Loughborough University, Loughborough, Leicestershire, LE11 3TU, - - 2014
Carbohydrate and protein ingestion post-exercise are known to facilitate muscle glycogen resynthesis and protein synthesis, respectively, but the effects of post-exercise nutrient intake on subsequent appetite are unknown. This study aimed to investigate whether protein induced satiety that has been reported at rest was still evident when pre-loads were consumed ...
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