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Cardoso A A Department of Pulmonology Heart Institute (Incor), Faculty of Medicine University of São Paulo, São Paulo, Brazil - - - 2014
Regular physical exercises are associated to decreased morbidity and mortality, but their relationship with quality of life perception is still not well established. The aim of this paper was to compare cardiopulmonary exercise indicators of functional performance and quality of life (QOL) between a group of untrained elderly (GUE) and ...
Popov D D State Research Center of Russian Federation Institute for Biomedical Problems RAS, Moscow, Russia - - - 2014
It is known that intermittent aerobic exercise training program is more efficient for the improvement of aerobic performance than continuous one but molecular mechanisms of such effects are purely understood. The aim of the present study was to compare gene expression of mitochondrial biogenesis regulators (peroxisome proliferator-activated receptor γ coactivator ...
Busby Andrea K AK Emergency Service, VA Boston Healthcare System, Boston, MA, USA; Lifespan Physician Group, Behavioral Medicine Clinical Services, The Miriam Hospital, Providence, RI, USA. - - 2014
To examine existing research on pulmonary exercise rehabilitation (PR) maintenance interventions. Authors conducted a systematic review of PR maintenance interventions. The primary outcome of interest was physical endurance. Eight studies met inclusion criteria. Most showed initial positive intervention effects, which declined to non-significance within 3-12 months after completion of maintenance. ...
Picanço Luan Merseburger LM 1Federal University of Pelotas, Email: luanmp@hotmail.com 2Federal University of Pelotas, Adress: Dona Mariana street, 362 - A. Centro, Pelotas/RS - Brazil. Cep: 96010-450, Fone: +55 (53) 3225-3848, E-mail: marcelo.dsvaz@gmail.com 3Federal University of Pelotas, E-mail: - - 2014
The aim of this study was to investigate the autonomic nervous system (ANS) recovery and the psychological response as a result of three training amplitudes on heart rate (HR), heart rate variability (HRV), and rate of perceived exertion (RPE) in rowing. Eight young rowers (16.8 ± 1.4 years) performed, in ...
Adams William M WM Korey Stringer Institute; Human Performance Laboratory; Department of Kinesiology, University of Connecticut, Storrs, - - 2014
The purpose of this review was to compare the changes in heart rate (HR) for every1% change in body mass loss (ΔBML) in individuals while exercising in the heat. PubMed, SPORTDiscus, ERIC, CINAHL, and Scopus were searched from earliest entry to February 2013 using the search terms dehydration, heart rate, ...
Banzer W W Department of Sports Medicine, Goethe-University, Frankfurt am Main, - - 2014
The study explored the interdependence of changes in oxygen uptake, quality of life and cancer-related side-effect fatigue during a 4-month exercise intervention. Participants were during adjuvant (curative) or palliative therapy and post-adjuvant therapy (finished within the previous 12 months). Aerobic exercise capacity (VO2 peak), quality of life and fatigue symptom ...
Russell Mark M Health and Life Sciences, Northumbria University, Newcastle-upon-Tyne, UK, - - 2014
The use of nutritional ergogenic aids in team sports such as soccer is now commonplace. Aligned with the primary aim of soccer, which is to score more goals than the opposition within the allotted time, the quality of performance of technical actions (i.e., skills) executed during soccer-specific exercise is likely ...
Bessa Bruno B Medical Sciences Postgraduate Program, Fluminense Federal University (UFF), Niterói-RJ, - - 2014
Few studies have examined the role of resistance training (RT) in chronic kidney patients on hemodialysis (HD). This study reviews the literature about resistance exercise for patients on HD and describes protocols and clinical outcomes. A search of the MEDLINE database found 21 eligible publications, of which 14 studies applied ...
Burrows Raquel R Institute of Nutrition and Food Technology, University of Chile, Santiago, - - 2014
This study was carried out to examine the association between systematic physical activity and academic performance in school kids after controlling for potential sociodemographic and educational confounders. In a random sample of 1,271 students from urban Santiago, attending 5th and 9th grade, who took the 2009 SIMCE tests, we measured ...
Ferrar Katia K Exercise for Health and Human Performance Group, Sansom Institute, School of Health Sciences, University of South Australia, Adelaide, - - 2014
Many equations to predict maximal oxygen uptake (VO2max) from submaximal exercise tests have been proposed for young people, but the composition and accuracy of these equations vary greatly. The purpose of this systematic review was to analyse all submaximal exercise-based equations to predict VO2max measured via direct gas analysis for ...
Ellis Denine D University of Toronto, Toronto, ON, - - 2014
The strength of time-dependent correlations known as stride interval (SI) dynamics has been proposed as an indicator of neurologically healthy gait. Most recently, it has been hypothesized that these dynamics may be necessary for gait efficiency although the supporting evidence to date is scant. The current study examines over-ground SI ...
Halouani Jamel J a Tunisian Research Laboratory "Sports Performance Optimisation" , National Centre of Medicine and Science in Sports Tunis - El Menzah , - - 2014
Abstract Small-sided games (SSGs) are effective for soccer-specific aerobic endurance training. To date, no study has investigated the effect of stop-ball (SB-SSG) rule on the physiological responses to SSG. Therefore, the purpose of the present study was to examine the effects of SB-SSG vs. small-goals (SG-SSG) rules on physiological responses ...
Miller Kevin C KC a School of Rehabilitation and Medical Sciences , Central Michigan University , Mt Pleasant , MI , - - 2014
Abstract Golgi tendon organ disinhibition may contribute to exercise-associated muscle cramp (henceforth referred to as "cramps") genesis. Static stretching pre-exercise is prescribed to prevent cramps based on the assumption golgi tendon organ inhibition remains elevated post-stretching. We determined whether stretching increased gastrocnemius golgi tendon organ inhibition and, if so, the ...
Laubacher Marco M Division of Mechanical Engineering, Department of Engineering and Information Technology, Institute for Rehabilitation and Performance Technology, Bern University of Applied Sciences , Burgdorf , Switzerland , - - 2014
Abstract Purpose: Robotics-assisted tilt-table (RTT) technology allows neurological rehabilitation therapy to be started early thus alleviating some secondary complications of prolonged bed rest. This study assessed the feasibility of a novel work-rate-guided RTT approach for cardiopulmonary training and assessment in patients with incomplete spinal cord injury (iSCI). Methods: Three representative ...
Smith Ashleigh E AE Sansom Institute for Health Research, School of Health Sciences, University of South Australia, Adelaide, SA, - - 2014
Peak oxygen uptake (VO2peak) is reliably predicted in young and middle-aged adults using a submaximal perceptually-regulated exercise test (PRET). It is unknown whether older adults can use a PRET to accurately predict VO2peak. In this study, the validity of a treadmill-based PRET to predict VO2peak was assessed in 24 participants ...
Kilianski Andy A Andy Kilianski, PhD, is National Research Council Fellow, BioSciences Division, Edgewood Chemical and Biological Center , Aberdeen Proving Ground, Edgewood, Maryland. Amy T. O'Rourke, MPH, MEP, is Emergency Response Coordinator; Crystal L. Carlson, MPH, MEP, is Emergency Response Coordinator and Interim MRC Coordinator; and Frankie Shipman-Amuwo, MPH, is Interim Director; all in the Emergency Preparedness and Response Unit, Cook County Department of Public Health, Oak Forest, Illinois. Shannon M. Parikh, JD, MPH, is Manager of Regulatory and Safety Compliance, Department of Accreditation and Regulatory Compliance, Sinai Health System, Chicago, - - 2014
Increasing threats of bioterrorism and the emergence of novel disease agents, including the recent international outbreaks of H7N9 influenza and MERS-CoV, have stressed the importance and highlighted the need for public health preparedness at local, regional, and national levels. To test plans that were developed for mass prophylaxis scenarios, in ...
Afroundeh R R Department of Human Development Science, Faculty of Education, Hokkaido University, Sapporo, Japan. - - 2014
Time delay in the mediation of ventilation (V(.)E) by arterial CO(2) pressure (PaCO(2)) was studied during recovery from short impulse-like exercises with different work loads of recovery. Subjects performed two tests including 10-sec impulse like exercise with work load of 200 watts and 15-min recovery with 25 watts in test ...
Cabral L F LF Physical Therapy School, Federal University of Juiz de Fora, Brazil - - - 2014
Although pursed-lip breathing (PLB) has been advocated to reduce respiratory rate and improve oxygen saturation in patients with chronic obstructive pulmonary disease (COPD) at rest, the evidence of its effects on dynamic hyperinflation (DH) and exercise tolerance is scarce. To evaluate the effect of PLB on exercise tolerance, breathing pattern, ...
Beach Tyson A C TA a Faculty of Kinesiology and Physical Education , University of Toronto , Toronto , - - 2014
The impact of exercise on firefighter job performance and cardiorespiratory fitness has been studied extensively, but its effect on musculoskeletal loading remains unknown. The aim of this study was to contrast the physical fitness and low-back loading outcomes of two groups of firefighters who completed different exercise programmes. Before and ...
Wang Xue-Qiang - - 2014
Low back pain affects approximately 80% of people at some stage in their lives. Exercise therapy is the most widely used nonsurgical intervention for low back pain in practice guidelines. Whole body vibration exercise is becoming increasingly popular for relieving musculoskeletal pain and improving health-related quality of life. However, the ...
Di Paco Adriano - - 2014
The purpose of this study was to evaluate the role of ventilatory parameters in maximal exercise performance in elite soccer players. From September 2009 to December 2012, 90 elite soccer players underwent evaluation of lung function test and ergospirometry by means of an incremental symptom-limited treadmill test. Results were analyzed ...
Jidovtseff B B Service of Training and Assessment of Physical Fitness Department of Sports Sciences University of Liege, Liege, Belgium - - - 2014
Aim: Different jumping strategies can be used during plyometric training. Understanding how manipulating variables such as the counter-movement, flexion amplitude, the drop and the load could influence neuromuscular adaptation would be beneficial for coaches and athletes. The purpose of this study was to analyze how these variations in the vertical ...
Duncan M J MJ Department of Biomolecular and Sports Sciences Coventry University, Coventry, UK - - - 2014
Aim: This study examined the impact of post activation potentiation on repeated sprint performance in trained Rugby Union players. Methods: Ten, male, professional Rugby Union players (mean age=25.2±5.02 years) performed 7, 30-meter sprints, separated by 25 seconds, 4 minutes following back squats (90% 1 repetition maximum) or a control condition ...
Maskhuliva L L Clinical Centre of Sports Medicine and Rehabilitation of Tbilisi State Medical University, Tbilisi, - - 2014
There are a large number of studies which have focused on left ventricular (LV) structural and functional characteristics, however insufficient data exist concerning right heart response to exercise in elite athletes of different sporting disciplines. To investigate right ventricular (RV) dimensions and function in top-level athletes. Retrospective study. Sports Medicine ...
Dohi M M Japan Institute of Sports Sciences, Tokyo, - - 2014
It is known that the pulmonary function shows a decline over time. There is the potential for an increase of airway damage among athletes who have higher ventilation compared with normal population. This means that the athletes with BA are suffering the doubled risk of airway damage due to their ...
Kaplan Y Y Physical Therapy and Sports Medicine Institute, Lerner Sports Center, Hebrew University, Jerusalem, - - 2014
In order to make reliable clinical decisions in relation to when injured or surgically operated athletes may return to daily functional and weight-bearing sporting activities, there is a need to establish referent average weight-bearing values in common sporting activities. To evaluate average percentage body weight (APBW) values and weight-bearing distribution ...
Kaux Jf J University Hospital of Liège, Liège, - - 2014
Even if eccentric exercises appear favourable in primary prevention of tendons lesions and, especially, in secondary prevention after tendinopathy, the biomechanical changes to the tissue are not yet clear. We aimed to better define the biomechanical changes that affect healthy tendon after eccentric and concentric training. Randomised controlled trial. Animal ...
Lauridsen Hb H Gait Analysis Laboratory, Copenhagen University Hospital at Hvidovre, Copenhagen, - - 2014
The most commonly used graft in ACL-reconstructions is harvested from the semitendinosus muscle (ST) which causes atrophy and reduced muscle strength in the hamstrings. As the ST serves as an important ACL agonist, exercises that causes high levels of ST muscle activity after ACL-reconstruction, is of great interest to prevent ...
Malmir K K Physical Therapy Department, Rehabilitation Faculty, Tehran University of Medical Sciences, Tehran, - - 2014
Although important, scarcely has been studied the viscoelastic behavior of ankle's lateral side. The aim of the present study was to assess the change in the viscoelastic behavior of this region during cyclic inversions. A quazi-experimental, repeated measures design. Laboratory research. 18 amateur healthy males. The participants underwent 40 cyclic ...
Perera N N Australian Centre for Research into Injury in Sport and its Prevention (ACRISP), Federation University Australia, Ballarat, - - 2014
The Australian Adult Pre-Exercise Screening System (APSS) was developed as the national standard to promote quality control, consistency of practices across the industry and use of pre-exercise screening as a risk management tool to identify and manage health and injury risks associated with fitness activities. Stage 1 of APSS is ...
Sanguinetti Claudio M - - 2014
Chronic obstructive pulmonary disease (COPD) is characterized by persistent airflow limitation caused by bronchial alterations, small airways disease and parenchymal destruction. In patients with COPD the structural and functional lung alterations can progress more or less rapidly from the initial small airways disease to an overt COPD where a severe ...
Willis Erik A EA 1Cardiovascular Research Institute, Department of Internal Medicine, The University of Kansas Medical Center, Kansas City, KS; 2Health, Physical Education & Recreation, Augustana College, Sioux Falls, SD; 3Institute for Measurement, Methodology, Analysis, and Policy, Texas Tech University, Lubbock, - - 2014
To examine compensatory changes in non-exercise energy expenditure (NEEx) and non-exercise physical activity (NEPA) in response to an aerobic exercise training program. Ninety-two overweight/obese (BMI 25-39.9 kg[BULLET OPERATOR]m) sedentary young adults (18-30 years) completed a 10-month randomized clinical efficacy trial of aerobic exercise 5 d·wk at either 400 kcal·session (n=37), ...
Tschiesche Kevin K Medical Physics Group, Institute of Diagnostic and Interventional Radiology I, Jena University Hospital - Friedrich Schiller University Jena, Germany. Electronic address: - - 2014
A pneumatic MR-compatible pedal ergometer was designed to perform dynamic contraction exercises of the human calf muscle in a whole-body 3T MR scanner. The set-up includes sensors for monitoring mechanical parameters, such as pedal angle, cadence as well as applied force and power. Actual parameter values during the exercise were ...
Karcher Claude C Laboratory of Exercise Physiology and Rehabilitation, EA 3300, Faculty of Sport Sciences, University of Picardie, Jules Verne, 80025, Amiens, France, - - 2014
The aim of this review is to provide the first comprehensive analysis of the various technical and physical on-court demands in elite male handball with respect to playing positions. While low-intensity activities such as standing still and walking represent the greater proportion of playing time (up to ~70 %), handball can ...
Ferreira Cristine H J CH Ribeirão Preto Medical School, Department of Biomechanics, Medicine and Rehabilitation, Physiotherapy Course, University of São Paulo, São Paulo, - - 2014
To assess whether maternal blood pressure (BP) and heart rate (HR) change significantly in response to pelvic floor muscle training during pregnancy. Longitudinal exploratory study with repeated measurements. Twenty-seven nulliparous healthy women of mean age 23.3 years (range 18-36) and mean body mass index 23.4 (range 23.1-29.5). Individual supervised pelvic ...
Cheng Shih-Tsung ST Department of Cardiology, Taipei Tzu Chi Hospital, Buddhist Tzu Chi Medical Foundation, Taipei, Taiwan; School of Medicine, Tzu Chi University, Hualien, - - 2014
Patients with chronic obstructive pulmonary disease (COPD) appear to have impaired cardiac autonomic modulation with depressed heart rate variability (HRV). Pulmonary rehabilitation (PR) is recommended as an integral part of the management. However, the effect of PR on HRV at peak exercise remains unclear. Sixty-four patients with COPD participated in ...
Xu Song S Université de Lorraine, IADI, 54000, Nancy, France, - - 2014
The primary limitation of telesurgery is the communication latency. Accurate and detailed data are lacking to reveal the latency effects on surgical performance; furthermore, the maximum acceptable latency in telesurgery remains unclear. Sixteen medical students performed an energy dissection exercise and a needle-driving exercise on the robotic simulator dV-Trainer(®), and ...
Howard Luke S G E - - 2014
Patients with pulmonary arteriovenous malformations are unusual because hypoxemia results from right-to-left shunting, and not airway/alveolar disease. Their surprisingly well-preserved exercise capacity is not generally appreciated. To examine why exercise tolerance is preserved, cardiopulmonaryexercise tests were performed on air in 21 patients with radiologically-proven pulmonary arteriovenous malformations, including five restudied ...
Zanotto Tobia - - 2014
Investigations on how exercise and physical activity affects dual-task (DT) performance in the elderly are growing rapidly due to the fact that DT activities are commonplace with activities of daily living. Preliminary evidence has shown the benefit in exercise on DT balance, though it is unclear to what extent the ...
Johansson H H Physiotherapy, Department of Neuroscience, Uppsala University, Uppsala, Sweden. Electronic address: - - 2014
Respiratory symptoms during exercise are common and might limit adolescents' ability to take part in physical activity. To estimate the prevalence, determinants and consequences of exercise-induced dyspnea (EID) on daily life in a general population of 12-13 year old adolescents. A letter was sent to the parents of all 12-13 ...
Gandor Florin F Movement Disorders Clinic, Paracelsusring 6A, 14547, Beelitz-Heilstätten, Germany, - - 2014
Functional Popliteal Entrapment Syndrome (FPES) is caused by compression of neurovascular structures in the popliteal fossa by hypertrophic muscles, provoking severe leg pain with exercise. Treatment is limited to myotomy of hypertrophic musculature. 8 FPES patients underwent imaging and exercise studies, before receiving botulinum toxin A injections (BTX-A) into the ...
Greulich Timm - - 2014
Pulmonary rehabilitation has been demonstrated to improve exercise capacity, dyspnoea, quality of life and to reduce the adverse effects of acute exacerbations. Current guidelines recommend exercise training in patients with mild to very severe disease. However, there is insufficient data comparing the efficacy of different training approaches and intensities. Between ...
Peçanha Tiago T Laboratory of Motor Assessment, Faculty of Physical Education and Sports, Federal University of Juiz de Fora, Minas Gerais, - - 2014
It has been shown that water intake (WI) improves post-exercise parasympathetic recovery after moderate-intensity exercise session. However, the potential cardiovascular benefit promoted by WI has not been investigated after high-intensity exercise. To assess the effects of WI on post-high-intensity parasympathetic recovery. Twelve recreationally active young men participated in the study ...
de Boer Sally S Green Lane Respiratory Services, Auckland City Hospital, Auckland, New - - 2014
Dyspnoea and exercise intolerance are common in sarcoidosis and are often poorly correlated with resting lung function. Measurement of peak exercise capacity is likely to be helpful in assessing and monitoring disease. The aim of this study was to compare the modified shuttle walk test (MSWT) to cardiopulmonary exercise test ...
Alkahtani Shaea A SA School of Exercise and Nutrition Sciences & Institute of Health and Biomedical Innovation, Queensland University of Technology, - - 2014
Compensatory responses may attenuate the effectiveness of exercise training in weight management. The aim of this study was to compare the effect of moderate- and high-intensity interval training on eating behaviour compensation. Using a cross-over design, 10 overweight and obese men participated in 4-week moderate- (MIIT) and high- (HIIT) intensity ...
Halperin I I School of Human Kinetics and Recreation, Memorial University of Newfoundland, St. John's, NL, A1C 5S7, - - 2014
Pacing strategies have been reported to occur during continuous cyclical exercises. However, currently no studies have examined if pacing takes place during repeated maximal voluntary muscle contractions (MVCs). Accordingly, the purpose of this study was to examine if informing subjects on the number of MVCs they would perform would affect ...
Seo Dae Yun DY National Research Laboratory for Mitochondrial Signaling, Department of Physiology, College of Medicine, Department of Health Sciences and Technology, Cardiovascular and Metabolic Disease Center, Inje University, Bok Ji-Ro 75, Busanjin-Gu, Busan, 613-735, Republic of - - 2014
Exercise and physical activity function as a patho-physiological process that can prevent, manage, and regulate numerous chronic conditions, including metabolic syndrome and age-related sarcopenia. Because of research ethics and technical difficulties in humans, exercise models using animals are requisite for the future development of exercise mimetics to treat such abnormalities. ...
Siebenmann C C Center for Integrative Human Physiology, Institute of Physiology, University of Zürich, Zürich, - - 2014
Several techniques assessing cardiac output (Q) during exercise are available. The extent to which the measurements obtained from each respective technique compares to one another, however, is unclear. We quantified Q simultaneously using four methods: the Fick method with blood obtained from the right atrium (QF ick- M ), Innocor ...
Porcelli Simone S 1National Research - - 2014
Patients with McArdle's disease (McA) typically show the "second wind" phenomenon, a sudden decrease in heart rate (HR) and an improved exercise tolerance occurring after a few minutes of exercise. In the present study we investigated whether in McA a first bout of exercise determines a second wind during a ...
Franchini Emerson E 1School of Physical Education and Sport, University of São Paulo, Brazil; 2Faculty of Sports Sciences, University of Montpellier, - - 2014
To determine the most effective strength periodization model is important to improve judo athletes' performance. Thus, the aim of this study was to compare the effects of linear and daily undulating periodized resistance training on anthropometrical, strength and judo-specific performance. For this, 13 adult male judo athletes (LP = 6 ...
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