Search Results
Results 401 - 450 of 2391
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Stoller Oliver O Institute for Rehabilitation and Performance Technology, Division of Mechanical Engineering, Department of Engineering and Information Technology, Bern University of Applied Sciences, Burgdorf, Switzerland; Department of Epidemiology, Maastricht University and Caphri Research School, Maastricht, The Netherlands. Electronic address: - - 2014
A recently developed robotic end-effector device (G-EO system, Reha Technology AG) can simulate walking and stair climbing. This approach has the potential to promote cardiovascular exercise training during rehabilitation. The aim of this study was to characterise cardiopulmonary responses of end-effector-based exercise in able-bodied subjects and to evaluate the feasibility ...
Thompson Warren G WG Department of Medicine, Mayo Clinic Rochester, 200 First Street SW, Rochester, MN 55905, USA. Electronic address: - - 2014
Older people are more sedentary than other age groups. We sought to determine if providing an accelerometer with feedback about activity and counseling older subjects using Go4Life educational material would increase activity levels. Participants were recruited from independent living areas within assisted living facilities and the general public in the ...
Bossers Sjoerd S M SS Department of Pediatric Cardiology, Erasmus Medical Centre - Sophia Children's Hospital, Rotterdam, The - - 2014
In patients with univentricular heart disease, the total cavopulmonary connection (TCPC) is the preferred treatment. TCPC can be performed using the intra-atrial lateral tunnel (ILT) or extracardiac conduit (ECC) technique. The purpose of the present study was to evaluate exercise capacity in contemporary TCPC patients and compare the results between ...
Carter A A Centre for Sport and Exercise Science, Sheffield Hallam University, - - 2014
Exercise programmes that can demonstrate evidence of long-lasting clinical effectiveness are needed for people with multiple sclerosis (PwMS). The objective of this study was to assess the effects of a practically implemented exercise programme on self-directed exercise behaviour and important health outcomes in PwMS to nine months of follow-up. We ...
Magaraggia Christian C a School of Sport Science, Exercise and Health , The University of Western Australia , Perth , - - 2014
Abstract Using a scrambled sentence priming protocol, the first aim of this study was to investigate whether differences in novel exercise-related goals existed between participants primed with motivational or non-motivational material (i.e. autonomous, controlled or neutral primes). The second aim was to explore whether an indirect effect was present between ...
Mukaimoto Takahiro T a Research Institute for Sport Science , Nippon Sport Science University , Tokyo , - - 2014
Abstract The purpose of this study was to examine the changes in the metabolic state of quadriceps femoris muscles using transverse relaxation time (T2), measured by muscle functional magnetic resonance (MR) imaging, after inactive or active recovery exercises with different intensities following high-intensity knee-extension exercise. Eight healthy men performed recovery ...
Apostolo Anna A Centro Cardiologico Monzino, IRCCS, Milan, - - 2014
Periodic breathing (PB) during sleep and exercise in heart failure (HF) is related to respiratory acid-base status, CO2 chemosensitivity and temporal dynamics of CO2 and O2 sensing. We studied inhaled CO2 and acetazolamide to alter these factors and reduce PB. We measured expired and arterial gases, PB amplitude and duration ...
Kelly Neil A NA 1University of Alabama at - - 2014
We conducted, in persons with Parkinson's disease (PD), a thorough assessment of neuromotor function and performance in conjunction with phenotypic analyses of skeletal muscle tissue, and further tested the adaptability of PD muscle to high-intensity exercise training. Fifteen participants with PD (Hoehn & Yahr stage 2-3) completed 16 wk of ...
Winter J L JL Advanced Center for Chonic Diseases (ACCDiS), Universidad de Chile & Pontificia Universidad Católica de Chile, Santiago, Chile; División de Enfermedades Cardiovasculares y Departamento de Medicina Nuclear, Facultad Medicina, Pontificia Universidad Católica de Chile, Santiago, - - 2014
Heart failure (HF) is associated with changes in myocardial metabolism that lead to impairment of contractile function. Trimetazidine (TMZ) modulates cardiac energetic efficiency and improves outcomes in ischemic heart disease. We evaluate the effects of TMZ on left ventricular ejection fraction (LVEF), cardiac metabolism, exercise capacity, O2 uptake and quality ...
Jung Mette Holme MH Department of Cardiology, The Heart Centre, Rigshospitalet, Copenhagen University Hospital, - - 2014
Continuous-flow left ventricular assist device (CF-LVAD) implantation is associated with improved quality of life, but the effect on exercise capacity is less well documented. It is uncertain whether a fixed CF-LVAD pump speed, which allows for sufficient circulatory support at rest, remains adequate during exercise. The aim of this study ...
Stefánsdóttir G J GJ 1 Department of Equine Science, Hólar University College, 551 Sauðárkrókur, - - 2014
This study examined the response in terms of heart rate (HR), respiratory rate (RR), haematocrit (Htc), rectal temperature (RT), and some plasma variables in Icelandic horses of different sexes and ages performing the riding assessment in a breed evaluation field test (BEFT). The study was conducted in Iceland on 266 ...
Wells Carl C a Sheffield Hallam University, Centre for Sport and Exercise Science, Sheffield, - - 2014
The purpose of this study was to investigate whether or not physiological and performance gains could be achieved with the addition of high-intensity running to an existing training programme in a group of well trained professional male soccer players. Sixteen professional male players (21.3 ± 2.1 years, stature 177.4 ± ...
Ramon Maria A MA and a list of the PAC-COPD Study Group members and their affiliations, see the - - 2014
Exercise capacity declines with time and is an important determinant of health status and prognosis in patients with chronic obstructive pulmonary disease (COPD). We hypothesised that hospital admissions are associated with exercise capacity decline in these patients.Clinical and functional variables were collected for 342 clinically stable COPD patients. The 6-min ...
Willis Ross E RE Department of Surgery, University of Texas Health Science Center, San Antonio, Texas. Electronic address: - - 2014
Virtual reality (VR) and physical model (PM) simulators differ in terms of whether the trainee is manipulating actual 3-dimensional objects (PM) or computer-generated 3-dimensional objects (VR). Much like video games (VG), VR simulators utilize computer-generated graphics. These differences may have profound effects on the utility of VR and PM training ...
Kedia A William AW 1. The Center for Applied Health Sciences, 4302 Allen Road, Suite 120, Stow, OH 44224, - - 2014
In this prospective, randomized, double-blind, trial conducted in two parts, we examined the effects of a multi-ingredient pre-exercise workout supplement blend of creatine, betaine and a dendrobium extract (MMP) on safety, performance, and body composition in healthy men and women undergoing a supervised program of resistance exercise. Part 1 was ...
Tsai Ming-Chang - - 2014
This research probes into the strain changes of the great saphenous vein (GSV) during step exercises. Microelectromechanical Systems (MEMS) were used to process and develop Gauge Factors (GF=4.79±0.247), 5 males and 5 females with an average age of 20±0.6 years were asked to engage in step exercises (with step height ...
Landi Francesco - - 2014
Although prolongation of life is a significant public health aim, at the same time the extended life should involve preservation of the capacity to live independently. Consequently, the identification of cost-effectiveness interventions to prevent frailty is one of the most important public health challenges. In the present review, we present ...
Barakat Hashem M HM Academic Vascular Surgical Unit, University of Hull and Hull York Medical School, Hull, UK. Electronic address: - - 2014
Aerobic fitness is an important predictor of postoperative outcome in major surgery. In this study, we assess the effects of a period of preoperative exercise on aerobic fitness as measured by cardiopulmonary exercise testing (CPET) in patients scheduled for abdominal aortic aneurysm (AAA) repair. As part of a randomized trial, ...
Rao Ashwini K AK Ashwini K. Rao, EdD, OTR, FAOTA, is Associate Professor, Department of Rehabilitation and Regenerative Medicine (Program in Physical Therapy) and G. H. Sergievsky Center, College of Physicians and Surgeons, Columbia University, 710 West 168th Street, 8th Floor, New York, NY 10032; - - 2014
OBJECTIVE. Alzheimer's disease (AD) results in a loss of independence in activities of daily living (ADLs), which in turn affects the quality of life of affected people and places a burden on caretakers. Limited research has examined the influence of physical training (aerobic, balance, and strength training) on ADL performance ...
Kashigar Aidin A Toronto Western Research Institute, University Health Network, Toronto, ON, - - 2014
To investigate for the presence of central and peripheral physiological fatigue in electrical injury (EI) patients with experiential fatigue. Eight EI patients and eight age-matched healthy volunteers were recruited. Motor evoked potentials (MEP) following transcranial magnetic stimulation (TMS) and M-waves from ulnar nerve stimulation at the wrist were measured from ...
Kressler Jochen J 1The Miami Project to Cure Paralysis, Department of Neurological Surgery, 2Department of Rehabilitation Medicine, Miller School of Medicine, University of Miami, Miami, - - 2014
Circuit resistance training (CRT) performed three times weekly for 40-45 minutes each session increases muscular strength, and both aerobic and anaerobic capacity in untrained individuals with chronic paraplegia. Whether similar CRT is also effective for conditioning of persons with chronic tetraplegia is unknown. In addition, protein supplementation (PS) prior to, ...
Pagano Allan F AF 1Faculty of Sport Sciences, University of Montpellier 1, Montpellier, France; 2INRA, UMR866 Dynamique Musculaire Et Métabolisme, University of Montpellier 1, Montpellier, - - 2014
The aim of this study was to characterize skeletal muscle protein breakdown and mitochondrial dynamics markers at different points of endurance exercise. Mice run at 10 m.min during 1h and running speed was increased by 0.5 m.min every minute during 40 min and then by 1 m.min until exhaustion. Animals ...
Anderson P P a School of Sport Science, Exercise & Health , University of Western Australia , Crawley , Western - - 2014
We aimed to investigate the effects of different warm-up (WUP) intensities on 10 min of subsequent intermittent-sprint running performance. Eleven male, team-sport players performed four trials in a randomized, cross-over design, consisting of an intermittent-sprint protocol (15 × 20-m sprints) that followed either no-WUP or one of three 10-min WUP ...
Sousa Ana A Centre of Research, Education, Innovation and Intervention in Sport, Faculty of Sport, University of Porto, Porto, - - 2014
Prior exercise has the potential to enhance subsequent performance by accelerating the oxygen uptake (VO2) kinetics. The present study investigated the effects of two different intensities of prior exercise on pulmonary VO2 kinetics and exercise time during subsequent exhaustive rowing exercise. It was hypothesized that in prior heavy, but not ...
Macintosh Bradley J BJ Department of Medical Biophysics, University of Toronto, Toronto, Ontario, Canada ; Canadian Partnership for Stroke Recovery, Sunnybrook Research Institute, Toronto, Ontario, - - 2014
Despite the generally accepted view that aerobic exercise can have positive effects on brain health, few studies have measured brain responses to exercise over a short time span. The purpose of this study was to examine the impact within one hour of a single bout of exercise on brain perfusion ...
Tew Garry A GA York Trials Unit, Department of Health Sciences, University of York, York, - - 2014
In patients with large abdominal aortic aneurysm (AAA), open surgical or endovascular aneurysm repair procedures are often used to minimise the risk of aneurysm-related rupture and death; however, aneurysm repair itself carries a high risk. Low cardiopulmonary fitness is associated with an increased risk of early post-operative complications and death ...
Hader Karim - - 2014
The ability to sustain brief high-intensity intermittent efforts (HIE) is meant to be a major attribute for performance in team sports. Adding changes of direction to HIE is believed to increase the specificity of training drills with respect to game demands. The aim of this study was to investigate the ...
Baláš Jiří J 0000-0003-3502-2050 Faculty of Physical Education and Sport, Charles University in Prague, 16252 Prague, Czech - - 2014
Aim. The aim of this study was to examine the relationship between submaximal and maximal physiological responses to rock climbing for climbers of differing abilities. Methods. Twenty-six male climbers performed a submaximal climbing test on a known circuit at 90° (vertical) and 105° (15° overhanging) inclination and speed 25 movements·min(-1). ...
Ben-Ner Avner A Carlson School of Management, University of Minnesota-Twin Cities, Minneapolis, Minnesota, United States of - - 2014
We conducted a 12-month-long experiment in a financial services company to study how the availability of treadmill workstations affects employees' physical activity and work performance. We enlisted sedentary volunteers, half of whom received treadmill workstations during the first two months of the study and the rest in the seventh month ...
Nelson Michael T MT School of Kinesiology, University of Minnesota, Minneapolis, MN, USA. - - 2014
Currently, there are few studies on the cardiovascular and fatigue effects of commercially available energy drinks. This study investigated the effects of Monster energy drink (Monster Beverage Corporation, Corona, California), on resting heart rate (HR), heart rate variability (HRV), ride time-to-exhaustion, peak exercise HR, respiratory exchange ratio (RER), and peak ...
Francica Juliana V JV Human Movement Laboratory. São Judas Tadeu University. São Paulo/SP. Brazil.. - - 2014
Introduction: The aim of this study was to perform a systematic review on the exercise trials post stroke. Material and Methods: Therefore, we conducted a systematic review of randomized controlled clinical trials published in PubMed and PEDro. The inclusion criteria were: Studies - randomized or controlled clinical trials; Participants - ...
Uchida Marco C MC Faculty of Physical Education, State University of Campinas , Campinas, - - 2014
The purpose of this study was to compare the influence of measuring the overall session rating of perceived exertion (session-RPE) at 10 vs. 30 minutes following exercise. Eight boxers completed three different standardized training sessions of different intensities (easy, moderate and hard) in a matchedpairs, randomized research design. Exercise intensity ...
Han Min-Jung MJ Department of Nursing, Graduate School, Kyungpook National University, Republic of - - 2014
[Purpose] The purpose of this study was to examine the acute effects of five minutes of plantar flexor static stretching (PSS) on the balance and gait of the elderly. [Subjects and Methods] Twenty-five subjects aged 65 years and above performed 5 min of PSS in the form of wedge board standing. The ...
Buchheit Martin M Sport Science Department, Myorobie Association Montvalezan, - - 2014
Measures of resting, exercise, and recovery heart rate are receiving increasing interest for monitoring fatigue, fitness and endurance performance responses, which has direct implications for adjusting training load (1) daily during specific training blocks and (2) throughout the competitive season. However, these measures are still not widely implemented to monitor ...
Padalino Barbara B Department of Veterinary Medicine, University of Bari, Str. prov. Per Casamassima, km 3, 70010 Valenzano (Bari), - - 2014
The aim of this study was to investigate the impacts of three different physical exercises on the physiological and behavioural patterns of Standardbred trotters housed in single stalls. Twelve racing mares were observed twice during each different exercise: daily training (DT) consisted of forty minutes at slow trot (4-5 m/s) in ...
Huang Rong R School of Public Health, The University of Hong Kong, Hong Kong, - - 2014
To examine the association of constipation with exercise, non-exercise physical activity, and sedentary behaviours in Hong Kong adolescents. In 2006-2007, 42 secondary schools were randomly selected to participate in the Hong Kong Student Obesity Surveillance (HKSOS) project. A total of 33692 Form 1-7 students (44.9% boys; mean age 14.8, SD ...
Macintosh Bradley J BJ Heart and Stroke Foundation Canadian Partnership for Stroke Recovery, Sunnybrook Research Institute, Toronto, Ontario, Canada; Physical Sciences, Sunnybrook Research Institute, Toronto, Ontario, Canada; Department of Medical Biophysics, University of Toronto, Toronto, Ontario, - - 2014
Physical activity is associated with positive effects on the brain but there is a paucity of clinical neuroimaging data in patients with coronary artery disease (CAD), a cardiovascular condition associated with grey matter loss. The purpose of this study was to determine which brain regions are impacted by cardiopulmonary fitness ...
Holmberg Christine C Institute for Social Medicine, Epidemiology, and Health Economics, Charité - Universitätsmedizin Berlin, Berlin, Germany ; Berlin School of Public Health, Charité - Universitätsmedizin Berlin, Berlin, - - 2014
Chronic pain is prevalent in elderly populations. The goals of this study were 1) to understand the results of a randomized clinical trial - Qigong and Exercise Therapy for Elderly Patients with Chronic Neck Pain (QIBANE) - that showed no difference between qigong, exercise therapy, and no-treatment on quality of ...
Schreuder Henk W R HW Division of Women and Baby, Department of Reproductive Medicine and Gynaecology, University Medical Centre Utrecht, P.O. Box 85500, Room F05-126, 3508 GA Utrecht, The - - 2014
Objective. With the increase in robotic-assisted laparoscopic surgery there is a concomitant rising demand for training methods. The objective was to establish face and construct validity of a novel virtual reality simulator (dV-Trainer, Mimic Technologies, Seattle, WA) for the use in training of robot-assisted surgery. Methods. A comparative cohort study ...
Gavi Maria Bernadete Renoldi Oliveira MB Laboratory Assessment, Conditioning and Rehabilitation, Rheumatology Division, University Hospital of Federal University of Espirito Santo, Vitória-ES, - - 2014
Autonomic dysfunction is an important mechanism that could explain many symptoms observed in fibromyalgia (FM). Exercise is an effective treatment, with benefits potentially mediated through changes in autonomic modulation. Strengthening is one of the less studied exercises in FM, and the acute and chronic effects of strengthening on the autonomic ...
Padilla Concepción C Neuropsychology and Cognition group, Department of Psychology and Research Institute on Health Sciences, University of the Balearic Islands Palma de Mallorca, Spain ; Instituto de Investigación Sanitaria de Palma Palma de Mallorca, - - 2014
Padilla et al. (2013) recently showed that chronic aerobic exercise in young adults is associated with better inhibitory control as measured by the strategic Stop Signal Task (SST). The aim of the current study was to explore whether better inhibitory abilities, associated with high levels of physical fitness, were also ...
Song Qing-Hua QH The Center of Physical Health, Henan Polytechnic University Jiaozuo 454000, Henan Province, P. R. - - 2014
Observe the effect of Tai Chi exercise on the rehabilitation of elder patients suffered from the anxiety disorder. 32 elder patients suffered from the anxiety disorder are randomly divided into the experimental group and the control group and each of them consists of 16 patients. The control group only receives ...
Hoffman Amy J AJ College of Nursing, Michigan State University, East Lansing, MI, - - 2014
The objective of this pilot study was to describe the effects of a 16-week home-based rehabilitative exercise program on cancer-related fatigue (CRF), other symptoms, functional status, and quality of life (QOL) for patients with non-small cell lung cancer (NSCLC) after thoracotomy starting within days after hospital discharge and continuing through ...
Mbada Chidozie Emmanuel CE Department of Medical Rehabilitation, College of Health Sciences, Obafemi Awolowo University, Ile-Ife, - - 2014
Long-term Mechanical Low-Back Pain (LMLBP) negatively impacts on patients' physical capacity and quality of life. This study investigated the relationship between Health-Related Quality of Life (HRQoL) and pain intensity, and the influence of static and dynamic back extensors' endurance exercises on HRQoL in Nigerian patients with LMLBP treated with the ...
Schorr Gregory S GS Cascadia Research Collective, Olympia, Washington, United States of - - 2014
Cuvier's beaked whales (Ziphius cavirostris) are known as extreme divers, though behavioral data from this difficult-to-study species have been limited. They are also the species most often stranded in association with Mid-Frequency Active (MFA) sonar use, a relationship that remains poorly understood. We used satellite-linked tags to record the diving ...
Kellawan J Mikhail JM School of Kinesiology and Health Studies, Queen's University, Kingston, Ontario, - - 2014
No non-invasive test exists for forearm exercise that allows identification of power-time relationship parameters (W', critical power) and thereby identification of the heavy-severe exercise intensity boundary and scaling of aerobic metabolic exercise intensity. The aim of this study was to develop a maximal effort handgrip exercise test to estimate forearm ...
Hirooka Nobutaka N Department of General Medicine, Japan National Defense Medical College, 3-2 Namiki, Tokorozawa, Saitama, Japan. - - 2014
Noncommunicable chronic diseases (NCDs) are global public health issues. Physical activity, exercise and sedentary behavior are important lifestyle factors to determine risk of NCDs. Immigrant studies have shown higher risk of developing NCDs among immigrants. Less physical activity among Japanese immigrants to westernized environment was also documented. However, little is ...
Caritá Renato Aparecido Corrêa RA Human Performance Laboratory, IB - UNESP, Rio Claro, São Paulo, - - 2014
The purpose of this study was to determine both the independent and additive effects of prior heavy-intensity exercise and pacing strategies on the VO2 kinetics and performance during high-intensity exercise. Fourteen endurance cyclists (VO2max  = 62.8±8.5 mL.kg-1.min-1) volunteered to participate in the present study with the following protocols: 1) incremental test ...
Roberts Justin D JD School of Life & Medical Sciences, University of Hertfordshire, College Lane, Hatfield, Hertfordshire, UK. - - 2014
Whilst exogenous carbohydrate oxidation (CHOEXO) is influenced by mono- and disaccharide combinations, debate exists whether such beverages enhance fluid delivery and exercise performance. Therefore, this study aimed to ascertain CHOEXO, fluid delivery and performance times of a commercially available maltodextrin/ fructose beverage in comparison to an isocaloric maltodextrin beverage and ...
Di Paco Adriano A Pulmonary Rehabilitation and Weaning Center, Auxilium Vitae, Volterra, Pisa, Italy. - - 2014
The purpose of this study was to evaluate the role of ventilatory parameters in maximal exercise performance in elite soccer players. From September 2009 to December 2012, 90 elite soccer players underwent evaluation of lung function test and ergospirometry by means of an incremental symptom-limited treadmill test. Results were analyzed ...
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