Search Results
Results 401 - 450 of 2459
< 4 5 6 7 8 9 10 11 12 13 14 >
Hettinga Florentina J FJ University of Essex, School of Biological Sciences, Centre of Sport and Exercise Science, Wivenhoe Park, Colchester, CO4 3SQ, UK, - - 2014
There is a need for easy-to-use methods to assess training progress in sports and rehabilitation research. The present review investigated whether cardiac acceleration at the onset of physical exercise (HRonset) can be used as a monitoring variable. The digital databases of Scopus and PubMed were searched to retrieve studies investigating ...
Duarte Carlos Vieira CV Gama Filho University, Rio de Janeiro, - - 2014
Although substantial evidence relates reduced exercise heart rate (HR) reserve and recovery to a higher risk of all-cause mortality, a combined indicator of these variables has not been explored. Our aim was to combine HR reserve and recovery into a single index and to assess its utility to predict all-cause ...
Yokoi Yuka Y 1 Koriyama Institute of Health Sciences 2 Interdisciplinary Graduate School of Science and Technology, Shinshu - - 2014
Reported recovery effects of hyeroxia are conflicted. This study aimed to identify the effects and the mechanisms of normobaric hyperoxia on recovery of local muscle fatigue which is the most commonly encountered both daily and in training and in competitions. Twelve male subjects performed 3 × 3 × no less ...
Calik-Kutukcu Ebru - - 2014
Chronic obstructive pulmonary disease (COPD) has significant systemic effects that substantially impact quality of life and survival. The purpose of this study was to assess and compare peripheral muscle strength and endurance, exercise capacity, fatigue perception and quality of life between patients with COPD and healthy subjects. Twenty COPD patients ...
García-Hermoso Antonio A Faculty of Sport Sciences, AFIDES Research Group, University of Extremadura, Cáceres, - - 2014
Most studies on physical fitness and detraining have been conducted on normal-weight children. Their results indicate that any gains regress to the untrained control values during the detraining period. It, therefore, seems necessary to determine how detraining affects the different fitness parameters in obese children. The aim of the present ...
Kraaijenga Sophie - - 2014
Aims: To compare in a randomized controlled clinical trial (RCT) the application of the TheraBite® (TB) Jaw Motion Rehabilitation System with a standard physical therapy (PT) exercise regimen for the treatment of myogenic temporomandibular disorder (TMD). Methodology: Myogenic TMD patients were randomized for the use of the TB device or ...
Monticone Marco M 1Physical Medicine and Rehabilitation Unit, Scientific Institute of Lissone Salvatore Maugeri Foundation IRCCS, Monza Brianza, - - 2014
Objective:To evaluate the efficacy of an in-hospital programme based on task-oriented exercises associated with early full weight-bearing in patients with multiple comorbidities undergoing total hip replacement.Design:Randomized controlled trial.Setting:Specialised rehabilitation centre.Subjects:A total of 100 patients (mean age of 69 (8) years; 40 males, 60 females).Interventions:The experimental group underwent task-oriented exercises and ...
Rocco Andrew B AB College of Veterinary Medicine, Washington State - - 2014
Dystrophinopathy in the young mdx mouse model of Duchenne muscular dystrophy, is comparatively mild, requires induction, and is rarely assessed with tests of systemic muscle function in whole animals. A modified TREAT-NMD induction protocol was used to evaluate respiratory and exercise performance, starting and ending with maximum O2 consumption (VO2max ...
Stang Julie J Department of Sport Medicine, Norwegian School of Sport Sciences, Oslo, - - 2014
Nitric oxide (NO) concentration in exhaled gas is a marker of some inflammatory processes in the lung, and endogenous NO plays a role in the physiological responses to exercise and altitude. The aim of this study was to compare changes in exhaled NO concentration 5-60 mins after high-intensity exercise at 2800 m ...
O'Connell Megan E ME Department of Psychology, University of Saskatchewan, Saskatoon, SK, - - 2014
Regular physical activity and exercise (PA&E) reduces cognitive aging, may delay dementia onset, and for persons with dementia, may slow progression and improve quality of life. Memory clinic patients and caregivers described their PA&E and completed the Older Persons' Attitudes Toward Physical Activity and Exercise Questionnaire (OPAPAEQ). Caregivers and patients ...
Singhvi Ajay A Department of Pediatric Endocrinology and Diabetes, University of Iowa Hospital and - - 2014
Objective: This study examines the association of fitness on glycemic variability (GV) in adolescents with Type 1 Diabetes Mellitus (T1DM). GV has been associated with high frequency of hyper and hypoglycemia.Methods: Nineteen adolescents with T1DM, ages 14-19, underwent aerobic fitness testing to determine VO2 max. A continuous glucose monitor (CGM) ...
Krafft Cynthia E CE Department of Psychology, University of Georgia, Athens, Ga., - - 2014
Aerobic fitness is associated with white matter integrity (WMI) in adults as measured by diffusion tensor imaging (DTI). This study examined the effect of an 8-month exercise intervention on WMI in children. Participants were 18 sedentary, overweight (BMI ≥85th percentile) 8- to 11-year-old children (94% Black), randomly assigned to either ...
Notley Sean R SR From the Centre for Human and Applied Physiology, School of Medicine, University of Wollongong, Wollongong, New South Wales, - - 2014
The influence of variations in exercise mode, thermal state, and load carriage on cardiac and ventilatory predictors of metabolic rate were investigated. Fifteen males were studied at rest and during whole-, upper-, and lower-body exercise (unloaded and loaded) under thermoneutral and hot conditions. Ventilatory predictions were superior in thermoneutral (residual ...
Roddy Gabrielle G Department of Kinesiology, Laboratory of the Neuropsychology of Sport and Development, University of Montreal, Montreal, Quebec, - - 2014
Aerobic exercise is known to reduce elevated intraocular pressure (IOP), a primary risk factor for a disease of the eye known as primary open-angle glaucoma. Given the disparate nature of experimental protocols across the literature, an analysis of studies, on the effect of acute aerobic exercise on IOP, is necessary ...
Karg Michelle - - 2014
Fatigue influences the way a training exercise is performed and alters the kinematics of the movement. Monitoring the increase of fatigue during rehabilitation and sport exercises is beneficial to avoid the risk of injuries. This study investigates the use of a Parametric Hidden Markov Model (PHMM) to estimate fatigue from ...
Rongfei Zhu Z Department of Allergy, Tongji Hospital, Tongji Medical College, Huazhong University of Science and Technology, Wuhan, - - 2014
Wheat-dependent exercise-induced anaphylaxis (WDEIA) usually occurs 1 to 4 hours after wheat ingestion and the pathophysiology of WDEIA remains unknown. It is recommended that WDEIA patients refrain from exercise for 4 to 6 hours after wheat ingestion. We report a case of a 51-year-old man who experienced 5 anaphylaxis attacks; ...
Segat H J HJ Programa de Pós-Graduação em Bioquímica Toxicológica; Universidade Federal de Santa Maria-UFSM-RS, - - 2014
Exercise has been reported to attenuate rewarding symptoms related to addictive drugs mainly by affecting the brain neuroplasticity and neurotransmission. In this study, we investigated the influence of physical exercise on the behavioral and enzymatic status related to drug relapse in rats. Animals were primarily treated with amphetamine (AMPH; 4.0mg/kg, ...
Pelletier Chelsea A CA Department of Kinesiology, McMaster University, Hamilton, ON L8S 4K1, - - 2014
It is well established that physical activity can improve aspects of physical fitness in individuals with spinal cord injury (SCI). Despite reports of declining health and fitness post-discharge from rehabilitation, there is a limited amount of research exploring exercise status or interventions during this period. The purpose of this dissertation ...
Lesser Iris A IA a Biomedical Physiology and Kinesiology , Simon Fraser University , Burnaby , BC , - - 2014
Abstract With an ageing population there is an increased prevalence of individuals living with cardiovascular disease (CVD). Characteristics of older aerobically fit individuals with previously diagnosed CVD have not been studied. Therefore, our knowledge is limited as to how, or if, aerobically fit individuals with CVD attempt to adapt their ...
Currie Shannon E SE University of New England, - - 2014
While heart rate (fH) has been used as an indicator of energy expenditure, quantitative data showing the relationship between these variables are only available for normothermic animals. To determine whether fH also predicts oxygen consumption (VO2) during torpor we simultaneously measured VO2, fH and subcutaneous body temperature (Tsub) of a ...
Smith Denise L DL a First Responder Health and Safety Laboratory, Health and Exercise Sciences Department Skidmore College , Saratoga Springs , - - 2014
ABSTRACT A physiological status monitor (PSM) has been embedded in a fire-resistant shirt. The purpose of this research study was to examine the ability of the PSM-shirt to accurately detect heart rate (HR) and respiratory rate (RR) when worn under structural firefighting personal protective equipment (PPE) during the performance of ...
Herda Ashley A AA A.A. Herda, PhD, Department of Health, Sport and Exercise Sciences, University of Kansas, Overland Park, - - 2014
Submaximal exercise testing can have a greater application in clinical settings because peak exercise testing is generally not available. In previous work, a prediction equation was developed to estimate peak oxygen consumption (Vo2) using a total body recumbent stepper (TBRS) and the Young Men's Christian Association (YMCA) protocol in adults ...
Stoller Oliver O Institute for Rehabilitation and Performance Technology, Division of Mechanical Engineering, Department of Engineering and Information Technology, Bern University of Applied Sciences, Burgdorf, Switzerland; Department of Epidemiology, Maastricht University and Caphri Research School, Maastricht, The Netherlands. Electronic address: - - 2014
A recently developed robotic end-effector device (G-EO system, Reha Technology AG) can simulate walking and stair climbing. This approach has the potential to promote cardiovascular exercise training during rehabilitation. The aim of this study was to characterise cardiopulmonary responses of end-effector-based exercise in able-bodied subjects and to evaluate the feasibility ...
Thompson Warren G WG Department of Medicine, Mayo Clinic Rochester, 200 First Street SW, Rochester, MN 55905, USA. Electronic address: - - 2014
Older people are more sedentary than other age groups. We sought to determine if providing an accelerometer with feedback about activity and counseling older subjects using Go4Life educational material would increase activity levels. Participants were recruited from independent living areas within assisted living facilities and the general public in the ...
Bossers Sjoerd S M SS Department of Pediatric Cardiology, Erasmus Medical Centre - Sophia Children's Hospital, Rotterdam, The - - 2014
In patients with univentricular heart disease, the total cavopulmonary connection (TCPC) is the preferred treatment. TCPC can be performed using the intra-atrial lateral tunnel (ILT) or extracardiac conduit (ECC) technique. The purpose of the present study was to evaluate exercise capacity in contemporary TCPC patients and compare the results between ...
Carter A A Centre for Sport and Exercise Science, Sheffield Hallam University, - - 2014
Exercise programmes that can demonstrate evidence of long-lasting clinical effectiveness are needed for people with multiple sclerosis (PwMS). The objective of this study was to assess the effects of a practically implemented exercise programme on self-directed exercise behaviour and important health outcomes in PwMS to nine months of follow-up. We ...
Apostolo Anna A Centro Cardiologico Monzino, IRCCS, Milan, - - 2014
Periodic breathing (PB) during sleep and exercise in heart failure (HF) is related to respiratory acid-base status, CO2 chemosensitivity and temporal dynamics of CO2 and O2 sensing. We studied inhaled CO2 and acetazolamide to alter these factors and reduce PB. We measured expired and arterial gases, PB amplitude and duration ...
Mukaimoto Takahiro T a Research Institute for Sport Science , Nippon Sport Science University , Tokyo , - - 2014
Abstract The purpose of this study was to examine the changes in the metabolic state of quadriceps femoris muscles using transverse relaxation time (T2), measured by muscle functional magnetic resonance (MR) imaging, after inactive or active recovery exercises with different intensities following high-intensity knee-extension exercise. Eight healthy men performed recovery ...
Magaraggia Christian C a School of Sport Science, Exercise and Health , The University of Western Australia , Perth , - - 2014
Abstract Using a scrambled sentence priming protocol, the first aim of this study was to investigate whether differences in novel exercise-related goals existed between participants primed with motivational or non-motivational material (i.e. autonomous, controlled or neutral primes). The second aim was to explore whether an indirect effect was present between ...
Kelly Neil A NA 1University of Alabama at - - 2014
We conducted, in persons with Parkinson's disease (PD), a thorough assessment of neuromotor function and performance in conjunction with phenotypic analyses of skeletal muscle tissue, and further tested the adaptability of PD muscle to high-intensity exercise training. Fifteen participants with PD (Hoehn & Yahr stage 2-3) completed 16 wk of ...
Winter J L JL Advanced Center for Chonic Diseases (ACCDiS), Universidad de Chile & Pontificia Universidad Católica de Chile, Santiago, Chile; División de Enfermedades Cardiovasculares y Departamento de Medicina Nuclear, Facultad Medicina, Pontificia Universidad Católica de Chile, Santiago, - - 2014
Heart failure (HF) is associated with changes in myocardial metabolism that lead to impairment of contractile function. Trimetazidine (TMZ) modulates cardiac energetic efficiency and improves outcomes in ischemic heart disease. We evaluate the effects of TMZ on left ventricular ejection fraction (LVEF), cardiac metabolism, exercise capacity, O2 uptake and quality ...
Jung Mette Holme MH Department of Cardiology, The Heart Centre, Rigshospitalet, Copenhagen University Hospital, - - 2014
Continuous-flow left ventricular assist device (CF-LVAD) implantation is associated with improved quality of life, but the effect on exercise capacity is less well documented. It is uncertain whether a fixed CF-LVAD pump speed, which allows for sufficient circulatory support at rest, remains adequate during exercise. The aim of this study ...
Stefánsdóttir G J GJ 1 Department of Equine Science, Hólar University College, 551 Sauðárkrókur, - - 2014
This study examined the response in terms of heart rate (HR), respiratory rate (RR), haematocrit (Htc), rectal temperature (RT), and some plasma variables in Icelandic horses of different sexes and ages performing the riding assessment in a breed evaluation field test (BEFT). The study was conducted in Iceland on 266 ...
Wells Carl C a Sheffield Hallam University, Centre for Sport and Exercise Science, Sheffield, - - 2014
The purpose of this study was to investigate whether or not physiological and performance gains could be achieved with the addition of high-intensity running to an existing training programme in a group of well trained professional male soccer players. Sixteen professional male players (21.3 ± 2.1 years, stature 177.4 ± ...
Ramon Maria A MA and a list of the PAC-COPD Study Group members and their affiliations, see the - - 2014
Exercise capacity declines with time and is an important determinant of health status and prognosis in patients with chronic obstructive pulmonary disease (COPD). We hypothesised that hospital admissions are associated with exercise capacity decline in these patients.Clinical and functional variables were collected for 342 clinically stable COPD patients. The 6-min ...
Willis Ross E RE Department of Surgery, University of Texas Health Science Center, San Antonio, Texas. Electronic address: - - 2014
Virtual reality (VR) and physical model (PM) simulators differ in terms of whether the trainee is manipulating actual 3-dimensional objects (PM) or computer-generated 3-dimensional objects (VR). Much like video games (VG), VR simulators utilize computer-generated graphics. These differences may have profound effects on the utility of VR and PM training ...
Kedia A William AW 1. The Center for Applied Health Sciences, 4302 Allen Road, Suite 120, Stow, OH 44224, - - 2014
In this prospective, randomized, double-blind, trial conducted in two parts, we examined the effects of a multi-ingredient pre-exercise workout supplement blend of creatine, betaine and a dendrobium extract (MMP) on safety, performance, and body composition in healthy men and women undergoing a supervised program of resistance exercise. Part 1 was ...
Ferreira Sandro S SS Department of Physical Education, Federal University of Parana, Caixa Postal 92, JD Botânico, 80215-370 Curitiba, PR, - - 2014
The rating of perceived exertion (RPE) is ability to detect and interpret organic sensations while performing exercises. This method has been used to measure the level of effort that is felt during weight-training at a given intensity. The purpose of this investigation was to compare session RPE values with those ...
Hu Zhijun Z Department of Rehabilitation Medicine, Longhua Hospital, Shanghai University of Traditional Chinese Medicine, Shanghai 200032, - - 2014
In this paper, we carried out a randomized controlled clinical trial to explore the effect of 12-words-for-life-nurturing exercise on patients presenting with cervical spondylosis. After exercise intervention, the mean VAS and NDI scores of the patients decreased significantly and the scores of BP, VT, and MH in SF-36 Health Questionnaire ...
Pagano Allan F AF 1Faculty of Sport Sciences, University of Montpellier 1, Montpellier, France; 2INRA, UMR866 Dynamique Musculaire Et Métabolisme, University of Montpellier 1, Montpellier, - - 2014
The aim of this study was to characterize skeletal muscle protein breakdown and mitochondrial dynamics markers at different points of endurance exercise. Mice run at 10 m.min during 1h and running speed was increased by 0.5 m.min every minute during 40 min and then by 1 m.min until exhaustion. Animals ...
Kellawan J Mikhail JM School of Kinesiology and Health Studies, Queen's University, Kingston, Ontario, - - 2014
No non-invasive test exists for forearm exercise that allows identification of power-time relationship parameters (W', critical power) and thereby identification of the heavy-severe exercise intensity boundary and scaling of aerobic metabolic exercise intensity. The aim of this study was to develop a maximal effort handgrip exercise test to estimate forearm ...
Francica Juliana V JV Human Movement Laboratory. São Judas Tadeu University. São Paulo/SP. Brazil.. - - 2014
Introduction: The aim of this study was to perform a systematic review on the exercise trials post stroke. Material and Methods: Therefore, we conducted a systematic review of randomized controlled clinical trials published in PubMed and PEDro. The inclusion criteria were: Studies - randomized or controlled clinical trials; Participants - ...
Pradhapan Paruthi P Department of Electronics and Communication Engineering, Tampere University of Technology Tampere, Finland ; BioMediTech Tampere, - - 2014
The non-linear inverse relationship between RR-intervals and heart rate (HR) contributes significantly to the heart rate variability (HRV) parameters and their performance in mortality prediction. To determine the level of influence HR exerts over HRV parameters' prognostic power, we studied the predictive performance for different HR levels by applying eight ...
Fenuta Alyssa M AM Department of Kinesiology, McMaster University, 1280 Main Street West, Hamilton, ON, Canada L8S - - 2014
Body weight supported locomotor training uses neuroplasticity principles to improve recovery following a spinal cord injury (SCI). Steady state locomotion using the same body weight support (BWS) percent was compared in 7 males (42.6 ± 4.29 years) with incomplete SCI and matched (gender, age) noninjured controls (42.7 ± 5.4 years) ...
Nassif Camila C School of Human Movement Studies, Charles Sturt University, Bathurst, New South Wales, - - 2014
This study evaluated double blind ingestions of placebo (PLA) versus 6% carbohydrate (CHO) either as capsules (c) or beverage (b) during 60 km self-paced cycling in the heat (32°C and 50% relative humidity). Ten well-trained males (mean ± SD: 26±3 years; 64.5±7.7 kg and 70.7±8.8 ml.kg-1.min-1 maximal oxygen consumption) completed ...
Sousa Ana C AC Centre of Research, Education, Innovation and Intervention in Sport, Faculty of Sport, University of Porto, Rua Dr. Plácido Costa, 91, 4200-450 Porto, - - 2014
A bioenergetical analysis of swimming at intensities near competitive distances is inexistent. It was aimed to compare the transient VO2 kinetics responses and metabolic contributions whilst swimming at different velocities around VO2max⁡. 12 trained male swimmers performed (i) an incremental protocol to determine the velocity at VO2max⁡ (vVO2max⁡) and (ii) ...
Nambi Gopal S GS Department of Physiotherapy, C.U. Shah Physiotherapy College, Gujarat, - - 2014
Nonspecific chronic low back (nCLBP) pain is prevalent among adult population and often leads to functional limitations, psychological symptoms, lower quality of life (QOL), and higher healthcare costs. The purpose of this study was to determine the efficacy of Iyengar yoga therapy on pain intensity and health related quality of ...
Strickland Justin C JC Department of Psychology and Program in Neuroscience, Davidson College, Davidson NC, - - 2014
Numerous studies have revealed the beneficial effects of regular exercise across a variety of mental health measures. Although a great deal of attention has been paid to the role of aerobic exercise, less is known about the role of resistance exercise (i.e., strength training) in mental health outcomes. Resistance exercise ...
Shu Hai-Feng HF Department of Neurosurgery, General Hospital of the People's Liberation Army Chengdu Military Region, Chengdu, Sichuan, - - 2014
Although some trials assessed the effectiveness of aerobic exercise for Parkinson's disease (PD), the role of aerobic exercise in the management of PD remained controversial. The purpose of this systematic review is to evaluate the evidence about whether aerobic exercise is effective for PD. Seven electronic databases, up to December ...
Gavi Maria Bernadete Renoldi Oliveira MB Laboratory Assessment, Conditioning and Rehabilitation, Rheumatology Division, University Hospital of Federal University of Espirito Santo, Vitória-ES, - - 2014
Autonomic dysfunction is an important mechanism that could explain many symptoms observed in fibromyalgia (FM). Exercise is an effective treatment, with benefits potentially mediated through changes in autonomic modulation. Strengthening is one of the less studied exercises in FM, and the acute and chronic effects of strengthening on the autonomic ...
< 4 5 6 7 8 9 10 11 12 13 14 >