Search Results
Results 401 - 450 of 2095
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Ayán C - - 2013
To date, little attempt has been made to compare or evaluate the effects of different physical exercise programs on gait disorders in people with Parkinson's disease (PD). This pilot study is aimed at obtaining preliminary data of the effects of two different exercise programs on gait parameters in people with ...
Cheifetz Oren - - 2013
As more evidence emerges to support the incorporation of exercise for cancer survivors to positively affect physical, emotional, and social health, it is imperative that health-care providers use current knowledge to develop evidence-based exercise programs for these patients. Our purpose is to describe the development, implementation, and effectiveness of the ...
Chow Hsueh-Wen - - 2013
To explore the purposes of older adults' out-of-home trips, and to investigate the association between the frequency of these trips and older adults' functional fitness. A total of 412 older adults in Taiwan were recruited from 2009 to 2010. Participants were asked to fill out questionnaires on out-of-home trips, and ...
Nickel D - - 2013
Self-efficacy is an important predictor of health-related physical activity in multiple sclerosis (MS). While past experiences are believed to influence efficacy beliefs, the explanations individuals provide for these experiences also may be critical. Our objective was to test the hypothesis that perceived success or failure to accumulate 150 min of physical ...
Ahmad Basit - - 2013
Purpose: This investigation assessed whether endurance training altered the red cell deformability (RCD) of male HIV patients. Methods: Eight subjects (38 ± 9 years, BMI 23 ± 3.6 kg/m2, highly active antiretroviral therapy) trained for a marathon run for the duration of one year. Each subject underwent an acute exercise ...
Jones Hollie S - - 2013
The aim of an optimal pacing strategy during exercise is to enhance performance whilst ensuring physiological limits are not surpassed, which has been shown to result in a metabolic reserve at the end of the exercise. There has been debate surrounding the theoretical models that have been proposed to explain ...
Da Silva Danilo Fernandes - - 2013
Abstract To determine the effects of preparatory phase training on aerobic parameters, resting heart rate variability (HRV) and 5-km performance of high-level endurance runners and the relationship between the percentage change (% change) of resting HRV with the % change of aerobic parameters and 5-km performance. Six runners were assessed ...
Dempsey Jerome A - - 2013
When tested in isolation, stimuli associated with respiratory CO2 exchange, feedforward central command and type III-IV muscle afferent feedback have each been shown to be capable of eliciting exercise-like cardio-ventilatory responses - but their relative contributions in a setting of physiologic exercise remains controversial. We reasoned that in order to ...
Gappmaier Eduard - - 2013
Large therapeutic rolls (LTR) and balls are popular rehabilitation tools and have also been advertised as cardiovascular training devices. The aim of this study was to determine if individuals of varying fitness levels would reach aerobic training levels by evidence-based standards as described in American College of Sports Medicine (ACSM) ...
Mohseni Raheleh - - 2013
This study was conducted to determine the impact of an 8-week intradialytic exercise program (consisting of 15 minutes low-intensity exercise during the first 2 hours of dialysis) on dialysis efficacy. In an open randomized controlled trial, a total of 50 clinically stable hemodialysis patients were enrolled into the study and ...
Wardini Rima - - 2013
The present pilot study tested the use of a virtual game system (VGS) for exercise training in patients with moderate to very severe chronic obstructive pulmonary disease undergoing pulmonary rehabilitation (PR). Safety, feasibility, enjoyment and adherence were assessed. VGS (Wii [2006], Nintendo, USA) games were prescreened and categorized into lower- ...
Silva Saulo Freitas da - - 2013
The aim of this study was to evaluate the effects of a physical therapy program in patients with chronic kidney disease (CKD) during hemodialysis (HD). Fifty-six CKD patients participated for 16 months in a supervised physical therapy program in HD sessions. They underwent evaluation before the start of the program ...
Nagle Elizabeth F - - 2013
Introduction: Aquatic exercise (AE) is a popular form of physical activity, yet few studies have assessed the individual's energy expenditure (EE) associated with a continuous bout of AE. Studies using indirect calorimetry to measure EE have reported limitations associated with test methodology and the ability to control individual's exercise intensity ...
Nanda Bijli - - 2013
Introduction: Single acute bouts of moderately-intense aerobic exercise like walking have been found to improve cognitive control of attention in children, but some studies have reported no improvement in cognitive flexibility following acute aerobic exercise. Submaximal aerobic exercise performed for 60 minutes facilitated specific aspects of information processing in adults ...
Schafer Mark A - - 2013
The present study examined the validity of the Seven Day Recall Questionnaire among recreationally active men and women. Initially, participants completed a level walk (2.5 mph [4.0 kph]), hill walk (3.5 mph [5.6 kph], 5% grade), and run (5.0 mph [8.0 kph], 2.5% grade). Seven days later, participants were given ...
Astroth Kim Schafer - - 2013
Fatigue is common for individuals receiving hemodialysis and can lead to decreased physical function, quality of life, and survival. Because fatigue is frequently reported as bothersome, nurses must discover effective ways to assist patients to manage this symptom. The purpose of this systematic review was to examine the effectiveness of ...
Cetin Ebru - - 2013
The purpose of this study is to examine the effect of 30-minute duration submaximal running and roller skiing exercises, which are among the most important aerobic exercise models in cross-country skiers, on lactic acid levels. The study group comprised 6 female and 4 male athletes (age: 16.87 +/- 1.87 years, ...
Abolarin I O IO School of Peri-operative Nursing, University College - - 2013
Patient rights have recently become the centre of national attention in the healthcare practice and Nigerians are becoming more aware of their rights. Despite this awareness, there is gap between their knowledge and ability to exercise their rights. The study was designed to assess University College Hospital patients' knowledge and ...
Kappenstein J - - 2013
The aim of the present study was to test the hypotheses that a greater oxidative capacity in children results in a lower phosphocreatine (PCr) depletion, a faster PCr resynthesis and a lower muscle acidification during high-intensity intermittent exercise compared to adults. Sixteen children (9.4 ± 0.5 years) and 16 adults (26.1 ± 0.3 years) completed a ...
Tomczak Corey R - - 2013
Pulmonary oxygen uptake (V˙O2p) at exercise onset is severely delayed in heart transplant recipients (HTRs). The role of exercise training to improve V˙O2p kinetics in HTRs has not been studied. We examined V˙O2p kinetics before and after 12 weeks of aerobic and strength training (HTR-T; n = 19, mean ± SD age: ...
Maor Elad - - 2013
Attenuated heart rate (HR) response during exercise is associated with adverse cardiovascular outcome. The acceptable value for HR response is 85% of the age-predicted maximal HR (APMHR). This study hypothesized that mild attenuation of HR response during exercise among healthy subjects is associated with increased cardiovascular risk. The study population ...
Callewaert Margot - - 2013
The aim of this work was to gain more insight into the cardiorespiratory and muscular (M. Vastus lateralis) responses to simulated upwind sailing exercise in 10 high level male and female Optimist sailors (10.8 to 14.4 years old). Hiking strap load (HSL) and cardiorespiratory variables were measured while exercising on ...
Cejudo Pilar - - 2013
Research has provided evidence for the safety, feasibility, and efficacy of exercise training in patients with chronic obstructive pulmonary disease. However, little is known about the impact of exercise training in patients with chronic respiratory failure due to kyphoscoliosis. The objective of the current study was to evaluate the effect ...
Sotiropoulos Konstantinos - - 2013
Purpose: This study examined the effect of rest interval following the execution of a jump-squat-set with varied external mechanical-power-outputs on repeated jumps height, mechanical power and electromyographic activity. Methods: Twelve male volleyball players executed 6 repeated jumps (RJs) before and at 1, 3, 5, 7, and 10 min following the ...
Lahaije A - - 2013
Background: Identification of patients with chronic obstructive pulmonary disease (COPD) who develop dynamic hyperinflation (DH) during activities in daily life (ADL) is important, because of the association between DH and dyspnea and exercise limitation. Objective: We aimed to answer the question whether measurements of DH during metronome-paced tachypnea (MPT) or ...
Cooper C B - - 2013
In COPD, dynamic hyperinflation (DH) occurs during exercise and during metronome-paced tachypnea (MPT). We investigated the relationship of DH with breathing pattern and ventilation () in COPD and normal subjects (NS). In 35 subjects with moderate COPD and 17 younger healthy volunteers we measured inspiratory capacity (IC), breathing frequency (fR), ...
Donath L - - 2013
Stair-climbing serves as a feasible opportunity to remain physically active within everyday-life. Data on neuromuscular and cardiorespiratory performance after regular stair-climbing in seniors are scarce. Forty-eight seniors were stratified to a one- (taking every step, INT1 ) or two-step strategy (every second step, INT2 ) or a control group (CON). ...
Dzierzewski Joseph M - - 2013
Exercise behaviour and sleep are both important health indicators that demonstrate significant decreases with age, and remain modifiable well into later life. The current investigation examined both the chronic and acute relationships between exercise behaviour and self-reported sleep in older adults through a secondary analysis of a clinical trial of ...
Fokkenrood Hugo Jp - - 2013
Although supervised exercise therapy is considered to be of significant benefit for people with leg pain (peripheral arterial disease (PAD)), implementing supervised exercise programs (SETs) in daily practice has limitations. This is an update of a review first published in 2006. The main objective of this review was to provide ...
Chin Lisa M K - - 2013
Pulmonary O2 uptake (VO2p) and leg blood flow (LBF) kinetics were examined at the onset of moderate-intensity exercise (MOD), during hyperventilation with and without associated hypocapnic alkalosis. Seven male subjects (25 ± 6 yrs; mean ± SD) performed alternate-leg knee-extension exercise from baseline to MOD (80% of estimated lactate threshold), ...
Vermaete Nele - - 2013
Fatigue is a common and distressing symptom in cancer patients, especially in lymphoma patients. One hypothesized mechanism in the etiology of fatigue is a vicious circle between fatigue, physical inactivity, and deconditioning. However, the natural evolution of physical activity and physical fitness over the course of treatment is unknown. Therefore, ...
Parreira Rodolfo B - - 2013
Poor back endurance is a predictor of low back pain. Few studies have investigated back muscle fatigue in older people. The purpose of this study was to compare the back muscle fatigue by endurance time and perceived effort between young and older adults during dynamic exercise. Sixteen older and 16 ...
Ding Meng - - 2013
Abstract Purpose: The purpose of this study is to determine the effects of Chinese traditional exercise such as t'ai chi and qigong (TCQ) on patients with chronic obstructive pulmonary disease (COPD). Methods: All prospective, randomized, controlled clinical trials, published in English or Chinese and involving the use of TCQ by ...
Faulkner Melissa Spezia - - 2013
Objective: This study examined adherence to a personalized, community-based exercise intervention by sedentary adolescents with type 1 or type 2 diabetes or those with obesity. Research design and Methods: We conducted a pretest-posttest investigation to explore the application of an individualized exercise prescription based upon current fitness level for 39 ...
van der Linden Marietta L - - 2013
Abstract Purpose: This mixed methods study aimed to explore the feasibility, efficacy and the participants' experiences of a Pilates programme for people with Multiple Sclerosis (pwMS) who use a wheelchair. Method: Fifteen pwMS took part in the 12-week Pilates programme. At baseline and after 6 and 12 weeks of the ...
Calvo-Ayala Enrique - - 2013
Intensive care unit admissions are ever increasing across the US. Following critical illness, physical functioning (PF) may be impaired for up to 5 years. We performed a systematic review of randomized controlled trials (RCT) evaluating the efficacy of interventions targeting PF among ICU survivors. To identify effective interventions that improve ...
Gargiulo Paola - - 2013
Cardiopulmonary exercise testing (CPET) is a procedure widely used in daily clinical activity to investigate cardiac and pulmonary disorders. Peak oxygen consumption (VO2 peak) is the most validated and clinically accepted parameter used to report aerobic capacity in healthy individuals and in different clinical settings. However, peak VO2 is influenced ...
Wu Jianhua - - 2013
This study investigated the effect of both walking speed and external ankle load on the kinetic patterns of treadmill walking in preadolescents with and without Down syndrome (DS). Ten preadolescents with DS and ten age- and gender-matched children with typical development (TD) participated in this study. We manipulated two treadmill ...
Poltawski Leon - - 2013
To inform the design of a randomised controlled trial (RCT) of an exercise-based programme for long term stroke survivors, we conducted a mixed methods before-and-after case series with assessment at three time points. We evaluated Action for Rehabilitation from Neurological Injury (ARNI), a personalised, functionally-focussed programme. It was delivered through ...
Moholdt Trine - - 2013
Peak oxygen uptake (VO2peak) increases more after high intensity interval training compared to isocaloric moderate exercise in patients with coronary heart disease (CHD). We assessed the impact of exercise intensity during high intensity intervals on the increase in VO2peak. We included 112 patients with coronary heart disease who had participated ...
Brovold Therese - - 2013
To compare the effect of high-intensity aerobic interval exercise (HIA) with home-based exercise (HB) in older adults with chronic disease soon after discharge from the hospital. Randomized controlled trial. Hospital. Community-dwelling older adults aged 70 to 92 (N = 115) were recruited while in the hospital. After discharge, they were randomized to ...
Beltrami Fernando G - - 2013
It is believed that a plateau in oxygen consumption (VO2) at the end of an incremental exercise test identifies the upper limits of cardiovascular capacity. We investigated how different criteria influence the frequency with which the "plateau phenomenon" is detected and the prevalence at which "false" plateau phenomena occurs during ...
Feys Peter - - 2013
Persons with MS (pwMS) in the community show reduced physical activity while studies demonstrated beneficial effects of exercise therapy in supervised settings. This study investigated, in pwMS living in the community, the effects of a 1-day education program about exercises and sports, on physical activity behavior and related outcome measures ...
Broetz Doris - - 2013
Behavioral aspects of motor learning such as definition and assessment of patient-centered goals, specific motivation, training in the patients' environment, autonomous training and generalization of newly learned skills to daily life are not an explicit part of physiotherapy in neurorehabilitation. Specific goals are defined and applied in a step by ...
Kenn K - - 2013
Among the various types of interstitial lung diseases, idiopathic pulmonary fibrosis (IPF) is the most common disorder and has a poor prognosis and a limited response to pharmacological treatment. In patients with IPF, functional exercise tolerance and quality of life have been shown to be significantly decreased. Current IPF guidelines ...
Willis Ross E - - 2013
Although break periods during training sessions are desirable, it is unclear what learners should do during these breaks. Some educators recommend that learners abstain from all task-related practice; however, it is possible that switching to an alternate exercise during break periods can also be effective. The construct of proactive interference ...
Spiliopoulou Styliani Ioannis - - 2013
Context :  Side-alternating vibration (SAV) may help reduce the risk of falling by improving body balance control. Such training has been promoted as a strength training intervention because it can increase muscle activation through an augmented excitatory input from the muscle spindles. Objective :  To determine the effect of SAV ...
Gacesa Jelena Z Popadic - - 2013
Context :  As a result of the adaptation process, some functional properties show different functions over time during strength training. Muscle strength and fatigue may show different adaptation patterns in reaching the improvement plateau after several weeks of training. Objective :  To follow muscle endurance and fatigue values during resistance ...
Ozkaya Ozgur - - 2013
The purpose of this study was to evaluate the contribution of the three main energy pathways during a 30-s elliptical all-out test (EAT) compared to the Wingate all-out test (WAT). Participants were twelve male team sport players (age: 20.3±1.8 years; body mass: 74.8±12.4 kg; height: 176.0±9.10 cm; body fat: 12.1±1.0%). ...
Burke Shaunna M - - 2013
The purpose of this longitudinal study was to explore advanced rectal cancer patients' perceptions of quality of life (QoL) during participation in a pre-surgery structured exercise program. Patients (n = 10) participated in repeated semi-structured in-depth interviews which covered four broad QoL domains (i.e., physical, psychological, social, and spiritual well-being). Patients' personal ...
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