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Beattie Kris K Department of Physical Education and Sport Sciences, University of Limerick, Limerick, Ireland, - - 2014
Economy, velocity/power at maximal oxygen uptake ([Formula: see text]) and endurance-specific muscle power tests (i.e. maximal anaerobic running velocity; vMART), are now thought to be the best performance predictors in elite endurance athletes. In addition to cardiovascular function, these key performance indicators are believed to be partly dictated by the ...
Faghy Mark A MA School of Science, University of Derby, Kedleston Road, Derby, DE22 1GB, UK, - - 2014
We investigated the effect of carrying a 25 kg backpack upon exercise-induced respiratory muscle fatigue, pulmonary function and physiological and perceptual responses to exercise. Nineteen healthy males performed 60 min walking at 6.5 km h(-1) and 0 % gradient with a 25 kg backpack (load carriage; LC). Following 15 min recovery participants then completed a 2.4 km time ...
Cochran Andrew J R AJ McMaster University, - - 2014
High-intensity interval training (HIIT) performed in an "all-out" manner (e.g., repeated Wingate Tests) is a time-efficient strategy to induce skeletal muscle remodelling towards a more oxidative phenotype. A fundamental question that remains unclear, however, is whether the intermittent or "pulsed" nature of the stimulus is critical to the adaptive response. ...
Bettany-Saltikov J J Teesside University, Institute of Health and Social Care, Middlesbrough, TS1 3BA, UK - - - 2014
The use of exercises for the treatment of Adolescents with Idiopathic Scoliosis is controversial. Whilst exercises are routinely used in a number of central and southern European countries, most centres in the rest of the world (mainly in AngloSaxon countries), do not advocate its use. One of the reasons for ...
Mayer John M - - 2014
Abstract Purpose . Low back pain is a leading cause of disability in firefighters and is related to poor muscular endurance. This study examined the impact of supervised worksite exercise on back and core muscular endurance in firefighters. Design . A cluster randomized controlled trial was used for this study ...
Karpman Craig - - 2014
Measures of physical function, daily physical activity and exercise capacity, have been proposed for the care of patients with COPD, but are not used routinely in daily office care. Gait speed is a powerful and simple measure of physical function in the elderly, and seems to be a promising measure ...
Laviolette Louis L UPMC Univ Paris 06, UMR_S 1158, Neurophysiologie Respiratoire Expérimentale et Clinique, F-75005, - - 2014
Dyspnoea is a debilitating symptom that affects quality of life, exercise tolerance and mortality in various disease conditions/states. In patients with chronic obstructive pulmonary disease (COPD), it has been shown to be a better predictor of mortality than forced expiratory volume in 1 s. In patients with heart disease it ...
Baumann Cory W CW Applied Physiology Laboratory, Department of Kinesiology and Health, Georgia State University, Atlanta, GA - - 2014
Contraction-induced muscle injury may reduce running economy (RE) by altering motor unit recruitment, lowering contraction economy and disturbing running mechanics, any of which may have a deleterious effect on endurance performance. The purpose of this study was to determine if RE is reduced two days after performing injurious, low intensity ...
Kodesh Einat E Department of Physical Therapy, Faculty of Social Welfare and Health Sciences, University of Haifa, Haifa 31905, - - 2014
Aerobic exercise at approximately 70% of maximal aerobic capacity moderately reduces pain sensitivity and attenuates pain, even after a single session. If the analgesic effects depend on exercise intensity, then high-intensity interval exercise at 85% of maximal aerobic capacity should further reduce pain. The aim of this study was to ...
Fucentese Sandro F SF Orthopaedic Department, Balgrist University Hospital, University of Zurich, Forchstrasse 340, 8008, Zurich, - - 2014
The aim of this work is to determine face validity and construct validity of a new virtual-reality-based simulator for diagnostic and therapeutic knee arthroscopy. The study tests a novel arthroscopic simulator based on passive haptics. Sixty-eight participants were grouped into novices, intermediates, and experts. All participants completed two exercises. In ...
Tan Jeremy G JG Department of Kinesiology, Exercise Physiology Laboratory and Center for Sport Performance, California State University, Fullerton, - - 2014
A single bout of lower body aerobic exercise may negatively affect a subsequent lower body resistance exercise workout. However, less is known regarding the effects of a lower body aerobic workout on muscle activation and performance during a subsequent upper body resistance exercise workout. Therefore, the purpose of this study ...
Cochrane Kristen C KC 1Department of Nutrition and Health Sciences, Human Performance Laboratory, University of Nebraska-Lincoln; Lincoln, NE 2Department of Kinesiology, Exercise Physiology Laboratory, California State University-Fullerton; Fullerton, CA 3Department of Kinesiology, Human Performance Laboratory, California State University-Fullerton; Fullerton, - - 2014
The purpose of this study was to investigate the effects of different recovery interventions on peak torque, electromyographic (EMG) and mechanomyographic (MMG) measures. Ten (23.40 ± 1.00 y; 178.40 ± 5.03 cm; 84.80 ± 15.85 kg) recreationally trained college men performed four experimental visits consisting of two bouts of 50 ...
Wood Michael A MA 1Sport and Health Sciences, University of Exeter, Exeter, Devon, United - - 2014
The purpose of this study was to investigate the influence of the duration of an 'all-out' starting strategy on V[Combining Dot Above]O2 uptake kinetics and performance during high-intensity exercise. Following familiarization, nine recreationally-active males completed three 1500 m cycling time trials (TT) using different pacing strategies. In a randomized order, ...
McGawley Kerry K Institution of Health Sciences, Mid Sweden University, Sweden; School of Sport Science, Exercise and Health, The University of Western Australia, Australia. Electronic address: - - 2014
Repeated-sprint ability appears to be influenced by oxidative metabolism, with reductions in fatigue and improved sprint times related to markers of aerobic fitness. The aim of the current study was to measure the oxygen uptake (V˙O2) during the first and last sprints during two, 5×6-s repeated-sprint bouts. Cross-sectional study. Eight ...
Ljótsson Brjánn B Department of Clinical Neuroscience, Division of Psychology, Karolinska Institutet, Nobels väg 9, 171 65 Stockholm, Sweden. Electronic address: - - 2014
An internet-delivered cognitive behavioral treatment (ICBT) based on systematic exposure exercises has previously shown beneficial effects for patients with irritable bowel syndrome (IBS). Exposure exercises may be perceived as difficult for patients to perform because of the elicited short-term distress and clinicians may be reluctant to use these interventions. The ...
Benvenuti Francesco F 1UOC Cura e Riabilitazione delle Fragilità, Azienda Unità Sanitaria Locale 11, Empoli, - - 2014
. Arm paresis remains a major impairment after stroke despite the best conventional rehabilitation. Randomized, controlled trials of intensive exercise programs have demonstrated improvements in arm function for patients with chronic stroke. However, the gains achieved have been relatively modest for the large investments in patient and therapist time. . ...
Fukutani Atsuki A a Research Organization of Science and Technology, Ritsumeikan University, 1-1-1 Noji-higashi, Kusatsu, Shiga, 525-8577, Japan b Japan Society for the Promotion of Science, 5-3-1 kojimachi, Chiyoda-ku, Tokyo, 102-8472, Japan c School of Sport Sciences, Waseda University, 2-579-15 Mikajima, Tokorozawa, Saitama, 359-1192, Japan d Graduate School of Sport Sciences, Waseda University, 2-579-15 Mikajima, Tokorozawa, Saitama, 359-1192, Japan e National Institute of Fitness and Sports in Kanoya, 1 Shiromizu, Kagoshima, 891-2393, Japan f Faculty of Sport Sciences, Waseda University, 2-579-15 Mikajima, Tokorozawa, Saitama, 359-1192, - - 2014
Jump performance can be enhanced after performing squat exercises, and this is thought to be due to the phenomenon of postactivation potentiation (PAP). However, the influence of the intensity of squat exercises on jump performance enhancement and its association to PAP have not been elucidated. Thus, we examined the influence ...
Bergstrom Haley C HC 1University of Nebraska-Lincoln, Lincoln, NE 2University of Nebraska Medical Center, College of Dentistry, Lincoln, NE 3Terry J. Housh (thoush1@unl.edu), Daniel A. Traylor (dtraylor2@unl.edu), Robert W. Lewis Jr. (rlewis@unl.edu), Nathaniel D.M. Jenkins (nathaniel.jenkins@unl.edu), Kristen C. Cochrane (kcochrane@unl.edu), Richard J. Schmidt (rschmidt1@unl.edu), Glen O. Johnson (go.johnson10@yahoo.com), Joel T. Cramer (jcramer@unl.edu), University of Nebraska-Lincoln, Human Performance Laboratory, Department of Nutrition and Health Sciences, University of Nebraska-Lincoln, 110 Ruth Leverton Hall, Lincoln, NE 68583, Phone: (402) 472-2690 4Dona J. Housh, dhoush@unmc.edu, University of Nebraska Medical Center, College of Dentistry, 40th and Holdrege, Box 830740, Lincoln, NE - - 2014
Twenty-one men (mean ± SD; age = 23.5 ± 2.6 years, BMI = 26.0 ± 2.4 kg·m) completed this randomized, double-blinded, placebo-controlled, crossover study to examine acute responses to a thermogenic nutritional supplement. Each testing session included: 1) 30 min resting, followed by placebo or thermogenic nutritional supplementation; 2) 50 ...
Ramírez Juan M JM 1Department of Morphological Sciences, School of Medicine, University of Córdoba, Spain. Mailing address: Avenida de Menéndez Pidal s/n 14071 Córdoba, Spain. Phone: +34 957218256; Fax: +34 957218246; E-mail: jmramirez@uco.es 2Department of Morphological Sciences, School of Medicine, University of Córdoba, Spain. Mailing address: Avenida de Menéndez Pidal s/n 14071 Córdoba, Spain. Phone: +34 957218256; Fax: +34 957218246; E-mail: cm1nnalv@uco.es 3Department of Morphological Sciences, School of Medicine, University of Córdoba, Spain. Rehabilitation Service, University Hospital Donostia, Donostia, Spain. Mailing address: Avenida de Menéndez Pidal s/n 14071 Córdoba, Spain. Phone: +34 957218256; Fax: +34 957218246; E-mail: carico86@hotmail.com 4Department of Morphological Sciences, School of Medicine, University of Córdoba, Spain. Mailing address: Avenida de Menéndez Pidal s/n 14071 Córdoba, Spain. Phone: +34 957218256; Fax: +34 957218246; E-mail: cm1pofem@uco.es 5Department of Morphological Sciences, School of Medicine, University of Córdoba, Spain. Mailing address: Avenida de Menéndez Pidal s/n 14071 Córdoba, Spain. Phone: +34 957218256; Fax: +34 957218246; E-mail: - - 2014
The power production is force-velocity related. We hypothesized that speed based training of lower limb using half-squat can lead to absolute and relative power improvement in concentric movement, with a same external load. One group of 19 soccer players (age 24.4 yr, SD = 3.7 yr) participated in a pretest-posttest ...
Walker Rachel E RE 1 Old Dominion University, Department of Human Movement Sciences 2 Old Dominion University, Department of Mechanical and Aerospace - - 2014
Military personnel engage in strenuous physical activity and load carriage. This study evaluated the role of body mass and of added mass on aerobic performance (uphill treadmill exercise) and pulmonary function. Performance on a traditional unloaded run test (4.8 km) was compared with performance on loaded tasks. Subjects performed an ...
Dulfer Karolijn K Department of Child and Adolescent Psychiatry/Psychology, Erasmus Medical Center-Sophia Children's Hospital, Rotterdam, The - - 2014
To evaluate effects of an exercise program on health-related quality of life (HRQoL) in children and adolescents with tetralogy of Fallot (ToF) or a Fontan circulation. Stratified, randomized, controlled intervention study conducted in five participating centers of pediatric cardiology in The Netherlands. In total, 93 patients, aged 10-25 years, with surgical ...
Yuan Wei - - 2014
A higher slow vital capacity (VC) compared with forced vital capacity (FVC) indicates small airway collapse and air trapping. We hypothesized that a larger difference between VC and FVC (VC-FVC) would predict impaired exercise capacity in patients with chronic obstructive pulmonary disease (COPD). Pulmonary function and incremental cardiopulmonary exercise responses ...
Haddad Azzam - - 2014
Interval training method has been a well known exercise protocol which helps strengthen and improve one's cardiovascular fitness. Purpose: To develop an effective training protocol to improve cardiovascular fitness based on modelling and analysis of Heart Rate (HR) and Oxygen Consumption Rate (VO2) dynamics. In order to model the cardio-respiratory ...
Gomersall Sjaan R SR Centre for Research on Exercise, Physical Activity and Health, School of Human Movement Studies, The University of Queensland, St Lucia, Brisbane, Queensland, Australia; Health and Use of Time (HUT) Group, Sansom Institute for Health Research, University of South Australia, Australia. Electronic address: - - 2014
The objective of this study was to investigate changes in use of time when undertaking a structured exercise program. This study used a randomized, multi-arm, controlled trial design. A total of 129 insufficiently active adults aged 18-60 years were recruited and randomly allocated to one of three groups, a Moderate ...
Bahraseman Hg H 1Department of Biomechanics, Science and Research Branch, Islamic Azad University, Tehran, - - 2014
Computational simulations have the potential to aid understanding of cardiovascular hemodynamics under physiological conditions, including exercise. Therefore, blood hemodynamic parameters during different heart rates, rest and exercise have been investigated, using a numerical method. A model was developed for a healthy subject. Using geometrical data acquired by echo-Doppler, a two-dimensional ...
Hardee Justin P JP 1Department of Exercise Science, University of South Carolina, Columbia, SC 2Metabolism Unit, Shriners Hospitals for Children, Galveston, TX 3Department of Surgery, University of Texas Medical Branch, Galveston, TX 4Department of Internal Medicine, University of Texas Medical Branch, Galveston, TX 5Shriners Hospitals for Children-Galveston, - - 2014
The purpose of this study was to determine the effects of early outpatient exercise on muscle mass, function, and fractional synthetic rate in severely burned children. Forty-seven children with ≥ 40 % total body surface area burn performed 12-weeks standard of care rehabilitation (SOC: N = 23) or rehabilitative exercise training (RET: N = 24) ...
Jones Matthew D MD 1School of Medical Sciences, University of New South Wales, Sydney, Australia 2Neuroscience Research Australia, Sydney, - - 2014
The hypoalgesic effects of acute exercise are well documented. However, the effect of chronic exercise training on pain sensitivity is largely unknown. To examine the effect of aerobic exercise training on pain sensitivity in healthy individuals. Pressure pain threshold, ischemic pain tolerance and pain ratings during ischemia were assessed in ...
Bartels-Ferreira Rhenan R Biomedical Engineering Program, COPPE, Federal University of Rio de Janeiro, Rio de Janeiro, - - 2014
The time-constant of postexercise heart rate recovery (HRRτ ) obtained by fitting heart rate decay curve by a first-order exponential fitting has being used to assess cardiac autonomic recovery after endurance exercise. The feasibility of this model was not tested after resistance exercise (RE). The aim of this study was ...
Tait Alan R AR Department of Anesthesiology, University of Michigan Health System, Ann Arbor, MI, United States; Center for Bioethics and Social Sciences in Medicine, University of Michigan, United States. Electronic address: - - 2014
Standard print and verbal information provided to patients undergoing treatments are often difficult to understand and may impair their ability to be truly informed. This study examined the effect of an interactive multimedia informational program with in-line exercises and corrected feedback on patients' real-time understanding of their cardiac catheterization procedure. ...
Mockford K A KA Academic Vascular Unit, Hull York Medical School, University of Hull, and Hull and East Yorkshire Hospitals NHS Trust, Hull, - - 2014
The aim of the study was to identify whether a standard supervised exercise programme (SEP) for patients with intermittent claudication improved specific measures of functional performance including balance. A prospective observational study was performed at a single tertiary vascular centre. Patients with symptomatic intermittent claudication (Rutherford grades 1-3) were recruited ...
Wallace Ricky R Liverpool Community Health NHS - - 2014
Aim To measure the effectiveness of a 12-week exercise intervention in reducing the health risks associated with physical decline in people aged 60 and older. Method An intervention group took part in a 12-week exercise programme. The intervention and comparison groups undertook the Senior Fitness Test at baseline, 12 weeks, ...
Kim Eui-Ryong ER Department of Rehabilitation Science, Graduate School, Inje University, Republic of - - 2014
[Purpose] The present study was performed to identify the effect of a home exercise program on the self-reported disability index and gait parameters in patients with lumbar spinal stenosis (LSS). [Methods] Fifteen patients with LSS were enrolled in this study and were trained in a 4-week home exercise program (40 min/day). ...
Park Jungseo J Department of Physical Therapy, Youngdong University, Republic of - - 2014
[Purpose] The present study aimed to determine the effect of virtual reality exercise using the Nintendo Wii Fit on the muscle activities of the trunk and lower extremities of normal adults. [Subjects] The subjects of the study were 24 normal adults who were divided into a virtual reality exercise group ...
Doyle Mark M Allegheny Health Network, Pittsburgh, PA, - - 2014
Many aspects of the clinical application of gated-single photon emission computed tomography (SPECT) have been well established by multiple trials and studies. However, its utility in the elderly (i.e., the Medicare population in the USA) remains unclear. This is an important population due to its rapid growth, coupled with the ...
Callewaert Margot M Dept. of Movement and Sport Sciences, Ghent University, Ghent, - - 2014
The aim of this work was to gain more insight into the cardiorespiratory and muscular (m. vastus lateralis) responses to simulated upwind sailing exercise in 10 high-level male and female Optimist sailors (10.8-14.4 years old). Hiking strap load (HSL) and cardiorespiratory variables were measured while exercising on a specially developed ...
Hyun Ju J Department of Rehabilitation Science, Graduate School, Daegu University, Republic of - - 2014
[Purpose] The purpose of this study was to examine the effects of Pilates exercise on a mat and balance exercise on an unstable base of support for trunk stability on the balance ability of elderly females. [Subjects and Methods] Forty elderly women aged 65 or older were equally assigned to ...
Melchiorri G G Don Gnocchi Foundation, Milan, Italy - - - 2014
Background: Two types of detraining can be described: short-term detraining with a period of less than 4 weeks, and long-term detraining (period longer than 4 weeks). The purpose of this study is to verify the presence and eventually the magnitude of physiological cardiorespiratory changes in young team sport players after ...
Kraft Justin A JA 1Department of Health, Physical Education, and Recreation, Missouri Western State University, St. Joseph, Missouri; and 2Department of Health, Physical Education and Recreation, University of North Alabama, Florence, - - 2014
Kraft, JA, Green, JM, and Thompson, KR. Session ratings of perceived exertion responses during resistance training bouts equated for total work but differing in work rate. J Strength Cond Res 28(2): 540-545, 2014-Session ratings of perceived exertion (SRPE) during resistance training may be influenced by specific exercise parameters. The purpose ...
Gyorkos Amy Morrison AM Department of Biological Sciences, Western Michigan University, 1903 W Michigan Ave., Kalamazoo, 49008-5410, - - 2014
Glial cell line-derived neurotrophic factor (GDNF) may play a role in delaying the onset of aging and help compress morbidity by preventing motor unit degeneration. Exercise has been shown to alter GDNF expression differently in slow- and fast-twitch myofibers. The aim was to examine the effects of different intensities (10, ...
Harput Gulcan G Dept of Physiotherapy and Rehabilitation, Hacettepe University, Ankara, - - 2014
Context: Coactivation ratio of quadriceps to hamstring muscles (Q:H) and medial to lateral knee muscles (M:L) contributes to the dynamic stability of the knee joint during movement patterns recommended during rehabilitation and important for daily function. Objective: To compare the quadriceps-to-hamstring and medial-to-lateral knee muscles' coactivation ratios between men and ...
Kwon Deborah H DH Cleveland Clinic, Department of Cardiovascular Medicine, Cleveland, OH 44195, - - 2014
Although the prognostic value of quantitative single photon emission computed tomography myocardial perfusion imaging (MPI) with exercise and pharmacologic stress is well established, the prognostic and management value in the Medicare age population is less clear. The prospectively populated Cleveland Clinic nuclear cardiology database was used to identify 5,994 consecutive ...
Póvoas Susana C A SC 1Research Center in Sports, Health Sciences and Human Development, Vila Real, Portugal; 2Maia Institute of Higher Education, Research Center in Sport and Physical Activity, Maia, Portugal; 3Research Center in Physical Activity, Health and Leisure, Faculty of Sport, University of Porto, Porto, Portugal; 4Sport and Health Sciences, College of Life and Environmental Sciences, University of Exeter, United Kingdom; 5Department of Nutrition, Exercise and Sports, Copenhagen Center for Team Sport and Health, University of Copenhagen, Copenhagen, Denmark; and 6Center of Research, Education, Innovation and Intervention in Sport, Faculty of Sport, University of Porto, Porto, - - 2014
Póvoas, SCA, Ascensão, AAMR, Magalhães, J, Seabra, AF, Krustrup, P, Soares, JMC, and Rebelo, ANC. Physiological demands of elite team handball with special reference to playing position. J Strength Cond Res 28(2): 430-442, 2014-This study aimed to analyze the physiological demands of match play for different playing positions in elite ...
- - 2014
Nurse Diane Singleton set up Liverpool Community Health NHS Trust's Liveability service more than a decade ago to promote physical activity in older people through instructor-led exercise classes and gym sessions. In a study of the service, which examined the effects of a three-month, twice weekly exercise class on 42 ...
Hoekstra Femke F Center for Human Movement Sciences, University of Groningen, University Medical Center Groningen, Antonius Deusinglaan 1, Sector F, Rm 3216-0219, 9713 AV Groningen, the Netherlands. - - 2014
The objectives in this study were to investigate the effect of robot-assisted gait training on cardiorespiratory fitness in subjects with motor incomplete spinal cord injury and document the exercise intensity of robotic walking in comparison with the recommended guidelines. Ten patients followed a 24-session training program with a robotic gait ...
Shingai Kazuya K Department of Rehabilitation, Tosei General Hospital, - - 2014
[Purpose] The purpose of the present study was to clarify the effect of dyspnea induced by breath-holding on maximum muscular strength of patients with COPD. [Subjects] This study recruited 14 COPD subjects via public posting. [Methods] Dyspnea was assessed by the modified Borg scale. The subject asked to stop breathing ...
Zhang Yurong Y Key Laboratory of Freshwater Fish Reproduction and Development (Southwest University), Ministry of Education, Chongqing, 400715, - - 2014
We assessed the intraspecific mass scaling of standard metabolic rate (SMR), maximum metabolic rate (MMR), excess post-exercise oxygen consumption (EPOC), and erythrocyte size in grass carp (Ctenopharyngodon idellus), with body masses ranging from 4.0 to 459 g. SMR and MMR scaled with body mass with similar exponents, but neither exponent matched ...
Binnie Martyn John MJ a Department of Physiology , Western Australian Institute of Sport , Perth , - - 2014
Abstract This study compared the use of sand and grass training surfaces throughout an 8-week conditioning programme in well-trained female team sport athletes (n = 24). Performance testing was conducted pre- and post-training and included measures of leg strength and balance, vertical jump, agility, 20 m speed, repeat speed (8 ...
Emerenziani Gian Pietro GP a Department of Movement, Human, and Health Sciences , University of Rome "Foro Italico" , Rome , - - 2014
Abstract The aim of the study was to compare the effect of an unsupervised whole body vibration (WBV) training and two different supervised multi-purpose exercise programmes, with and without WBV, on body composition, functional fitness and self-reported well-being in middle-aged adults. Fifty-four healthy participants (age 48.6 ± 6.7 years) were randomly assigned ...
Skiba Philip F PF 1Sport and Health Sciences, College of Life and Environmental Sciences, St. Luke's Campus, University of Exeter, Heavitree Road, Exeter, Devon, United Kingdom; 2Department of Biomedical Physiology and Kinesiology, Simon Fraser University, Burnaby, BC, - - 2014
We recently presented an integrating model of the curvature constant of the hyperbolic power-time relationship (W') that permits the calculation of the W' balance (W'BAL) remaining at any time during intermittent exercise. While a relationship between recovery power and the rate of W' recovery was demonstrated, the effect of the ...
Duda Joan L - - 2014
The National Institute for Health and Clinical Excellence in the UK has recommended that the effectiveness of ongoing exercise referral schemes to promote physical activity should be examined in research trials. Recent empirical evidence in health care and physical activity promotion contexts provides a foundation for testing the feasibility and ...
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