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Haddad Azzam - - 2014
Interval training method has been a well known exercise protocol which helps strengthen and improve one's cardiovascular fitness. Purpose: To develop an effective training protocol to improve cardiovascular fitness based on modelling and analysis of Heart Rate (HR) and Oxygen Consumption Rate (VO2) dynamics. In order to model the cardio-respiratory ...
Gomersall Sjaan R SR Centre for Research on Exercise, Physical Activity and Health, School of Human Movement Studies, The University of Queensland, St Lucia, Brisbane, Queensland, Australia; Health and Use of Time (HUT) Group, Sansom Institute for Health Research, University of South Australia, Australia. Electronic address: - - 2014
The objective of this study was to investigate changes in use of time when undertaking a structured exercise program. This study used a randomized, multi-arm, controlled trial design. A total of 129 insufficiently active adults aged 18-60 years were recruited and randomly allocated to one of three groups, a Moderate ...
Jones Matthew D MD 1School of Medical Sciences, University of New South Wales, Sydney, Australia 2Neuroscience Research Australia, Sydney, - - 2014
The hypoalgesic effects of acute exercise are well documented. However, the effect of chronic exercise training on pain sensitivity is largely unknown. To examine the effect of aerobic exercise training on pain sensitivity in healthy individuals. Pressure pain threshold, ischemic pain tolerance and pain ratings during ischemia were assessed in ...
Hardee Justin P JP 1Department of Exercise Science, University of South Carolina, Columbia, SC 2Metabolism Unit, Shriners Hospitals for Children, Galveston, TX 3Department of Surgery, University of Texas Medical Branch, Galveston, TX 4Department of Internal Medicine, University of Texas Medical Branch, Galveston, TX 5Shriners Hospitals for Children-Galveston, - - 2014
The purpose of this study was to determine the effects of early outpatient exercise on muscle mass, function, and fractional synthetic rate in severely burned children. Forty-seven children with ≥ 40 % total body surface area burn performed 12-weeks standard of care rehabilitation (SOC: N = 23) or rehabilitative exercise training (RET: N = 24) ...
Bartels-Ferreira Rhenan R Biomedical Engineering Program, COPPE, Federal University of Rio de Janeiro, Rio de Janeiro, - - 2014
The time-constant of postexercise heart rate recovery (HRRτ ) obtained by fitting heart rate decay curve by a first-order exponential fitting has being used to assess cardiac autonomic recovery after endurance exercise. The feasibility of this model was not tested after resistance exercise (RE). The aim of this study was ...
Mockford K A KA Academic Vascular Unit, Hull York Medical School, University of Hull, and Hull and East Yorkshire Hospitals NHS Trust, Hull, - - 2014
The aim of the study was to identify whether a standard supervised exercise programme (SEP) for patients with intermittent claudication improved specific measures of functional performance including balance. A prospective observational study was performed at a single tertiary vascular centre. Patients with symptomatic intermittent claudication (Rutherford grades 1-3) were recruited ...
Tait Alan R AR Department of Anesthesiology, University of Michigan Health System, Ann Arbor, MI, United States; Center for Bioethics and Social Sciences in Medicine, University of Michigan, United States. Electronic address: - - 2014
Standard print and verbal information provided to patients undergoing treatments are often difficult to understand and may impair their ability to be truly informed. This study examined the effect of an interactive multimedia informational program with in-line exercises and corrected feedback on patients' real-time understanding of their cardiac catheterization procedure. ...
Melchiorri G G Don Gnocchi Foundation, Milan, Italy - - - 2014
Background: Two types of detraining can be described: short-term detraining with a period of less than 4 weeks, and long-term detraining (period longer than 4 weeks). The purpose of this study is to verify the presence and eventually the magnitude of physiological cardiorespiratory changes in young team sport players after ...
- - 2014
Nurse Diane Singleton set up Liverpool Community Health NHS Trust's Liveability service more than a decade ago to promote physical activity in older people through instructor-led exercise classes and gym sessions. In a study of the service, which examined the effects of a three-month, twice weekly exercise class on 42 ...
Póvoas Susana C A SC 1Research Center in Sports, Health Sciences and Human Development, Vila Real, Portugal; 2Maia Institute of Higher Education, Research Center in Sport and Physical Activity, Maia, Portugal; 3Research Center in Physical Activity, Health and Leisure, Faculty of Sport, University of Porto, Porto, Portugal; 4Sport and Health Sciences, College of Life and Environmental Sciences, University of Exeter, United Kingdom; 5Department of Nutrition, Exercise and Sports, Copenhagen Center for Team Sport and Health, University of Copenhagen, Copenhagen, Denmark; and 6Center of Research, Education, Innovation and Intervention in Sport, Faculty of Sport, University of Porto, Porto, - - 2014
Póvoas, SCA, Ascensão, AAMR, Magalhães, J, Seabra, AF, Krustrup, P, Soares, JMC, and Rebelo, ANC. Physiological demands of elite team handball with special reference to playing position. J Strength Cond Res 28(2): 430-442, 2014-This study aimed to analyze the physiological demands of match play for different playing positions in elite ...
Wallace Ricky R Liverpool Community Health NHS - - 2014
Aim To measure the effectiveness of a 12-week exercise intervention in reducing the health risks associated with physical decline in people aged 60 and older. Method An intervention group took part in a 12-week exercise programme. The intervention and comparison groups undertook the Senior Fitness Test at baseline, 12 weeks, ...
Kraft Justin A JA 1Department of Health, Physical Education, and Recreation, Missouri Western State University, St. Joseph, Missouri; and 2Department of Health, Physical Education and Recreation, University of North Alabama, Florence, - - 2014
Kraft, JA, Green, JM, and Thompson, KR. Session ratings of perceived exertion responses during resistance training bouts equated for total work but differing in work rate. J Strength Cond Res 28(2): 540-545, 2014-Session ratings of perceived exertion (SRPE) during resistance training may be influenced by specific exercise parameters. The purpose ...
Doyle Mark M Allegheny Health Network, Pittsburgh, PA, - - 2014
Many aspects of the clinical application of gated-single photon emission computed tomography (SPECT) have been well established by multiple trials and studies. However, its utility in the elderly (i.e., the Medicare population in the USA) remains unclear. This is an important population due to its rapid growth, coupled with the ...
Kwon Deborah H DH Cleveland Clinic, Department of Cardiovascular Medicine, Cleveland, OH 44195, - - 2014
Although the prognostic value of quantitative single photon emission computed tomography myocardial perfusion imaging (MPI) with exercise and pharmacologic stress is well established, the prognostic and management value in the Medicare age population is less clear. The prospectively populated Cleveland Clinic nuclear cardiology database was used to identify 5,994 consecutive ...
Shingai Kazuya K Department of Rehabilitation, Tosei General Hospital, - - 2014
[Purpose] The purpose of the present study was to clarify the effect of dyspnea induced by breath-holding on maximum muscular strength of patients with COPD. [Subjects] This study recruited 14 COPD subjects via public posting. [Methods] Dyspnea was assessed by the modified Borg scale. The subject asked to stop breathing ...
Park Jungseo J Department of Physical Therapy, Youngdong University, Republic of - - 2014
[Purpose] The present study aimed to determine the effect of virtual reality exercise using the Nintendo Wii Fit on the muscle activities of the trunk and lower extremities of normal adults. [Subjects] The subjects of the study were 24 normal adults who were divided into a virtual reality exercise group ...
Callewaert Margot M Dept. of Movement and Sport Sciences, Ghent University, Ghent, - - 2014
The aim of this work was to gain more insight into the cardiorespiratory and muscular (m. vastus lateralis) responses to simulated upwind sailing exercise in 10 high-level male and female Optimist sailors (10.8-14.4 years old). Hiking strap load (HSL) and cardiorespiratory variables were measured while exercising on a specially developed ...
Hyun Ju J Department of Rehabilitation Science, Graduate School, Daegu University, Republic of - - 2014
[Purpose] The purpose of this study was to examine the effects of Pilates exercise on a mat and balance exercise on an unstable base of support for trunk stability on the balance ability of elderly females. [Subjects and Methods] Forty elderly women aged 65 or older were equally assigned to ...
Kim Eui-Ryong ER Department of Rehabilitation Science, Graduate School, Inje University, Republic of - - 2014
[Purpose] The present study was performed to identify the effect of a home exercise program on the self-reported disability index and gait parameters in patients with lumbar spinal stenosis (LSS). [Methods] Fifteen patients with LSS were enrolled in this study and were trained in a 4-week home exercise program (40 min/day). ...
Hoekstra Femke F Center for Human Movement Sciences, University of Groningen, University Medical Center Groningen, Antonius Deusinglaan 1, Sector F, Rm 3216-0219, 9713 AV Groningen, the Netherlands. - - 2014
The objectives in this study were to investigate the effect of robot-assisted gait training on cardiorespiratory fitness in subjects with motor incomplete spinal cord injury and document the exercise intensity of robotic walking in comparison with the recommended guidelines. Ten patients followed a 24-session training program with a robotic gait ...
Gyorkos Amy Morrison AM Department of Biological Sciences, Western Michigan University, 1903 W Michigan Ave., Kalamazoo, 49008-5410, - - 2014
Glial cell line-derived neurotrophic factor (GDNF) may play a role in delaying the onset of aging and help compress morbidity by preventing motor unit degeneration. Exercise has been shown to alter GDNF expression differently in slow- and fast-twitch myofibers. The aim was to examine the effects of different intensities (10, ...
Zhang Yurong Y Key Laboratory of Freshwater Fish Reproduction and Development (Southwest University), Ministry of Education, Chongqing, 400715, - - 2014
We assessed the intraspecific mass scaling of standard metabolic rate (SMR), maximum metabolic rate (MMR), excess post-exercise oxygen consumption (EPOC), and erythrocyte size in grass carp (Ctenopharyngodon idellus), with body masses ranging from 4.0 to 459 g. SMR and MMR scaled with body mass with similar exponents, but neither exponent matched ...
Emerenziani Gian Pietro GP a Department of Movement, Human, and Health Sciences , University of Rome "Foro Italico" , Rome , - - 2014
Abstract The aim of the study was to compare the effect of an unsupervised whole body vibration (WBV) training and two different supervised multi-purpose exercise programmes, with and without WBV, on body composition, functional fitness and self-reported well-being in middle-aged adults. Fifty-four healthy participants (age 48.6 ± 6.7 years) were randomly assigned ...
Binnie Martyn John MJ a Department of Physiology , Western Australian Institute of Sport , Perth , - - 2014
Abstract This study compared the use of sand and grass training surfaces throughout an 8-week conditioning programme in well-trained female team sport athletes (n = 24). Performance testing was conducted pre- and post-training and included measures of leg strength and balance, vertical jump, agility, 20 m speed, repeat speed (8 ...
Skiba Philip F PF 1Sport and Health Sciences, College of Life and Environmental Sciences, St. Luke's Campus, University of Exeter, Heavitree Road, Exeter, Devon, United Kingdom; 2Department of Biomedical Physiology and Kinesiology, Simon Fraser University, Burnaby, BC, - - 2014
We recently presented an integrating model of the curvature constant of the hyperbolic power-time relationship (W') that permits the calculation of the W' balance (W'BAL) remaining at any time during intermittent exercise. While a relationship between recovery power and the rate of W' recovery was demonstrated, the effect of the ...
Duda Joan L - - 2014
The National Institute for Health and Clinical Excellence in the UK has recommended that the effectiveness of ongoing exercise referral schemes to promote physical activity should be examined in research trials. Recent empirical evidence in health care and physical activity promotion contexts provides a foundation for testing the feasibility and ...
Hettinga Florentina J FJ University of Essex, School of Biological Sciences, Centre of Sport and Exercise Science, Wivenhoe Park, Colchester, CO4 3SQ, UK, - - 2014
There is a need for easy-to-use methods to assess training progress in sports and rehabilitation research. The present review investigated whether cardiac acceleration at the onset of physical exercise (HRonset) can be used as a monitoring variable. The digital databases of Scopus and PubMed were searched to retrieve studies investigating ...
Duarte Carlos Vieira CV Gama Filho University, Rio de Janeiro, - - 2014
Although substantial evidence relates reduced exercise heart rate (HR) reserve and recovery to a higher risk of all-cause mortality, a combined indicator of these variables has not been explored. Our aim was to combine HR reserve and recovery into a single index and to assess its utility to predict all-cause ...
Yokoi Yuka Y 1 Koriyama Institute of Health Sciences 2 Interdisciplinary Graduate School of Science and Technology, Shinshu - - 2014
Reported recovery effects of hyeroxia are conflicted. This study aimed to identify the effects and the mechanisms of normobaric hyperoxia on recovery of local muscle fatigue which is the most commonly encountered both daily and in training and in competitions. Twelve male subjects performed 3 × 3 × no less ...
Calik-Kutukcu Ebru - - 2014
Chronic obstructive pulmonary disease (COPD) has significant systemic effects that substantially impact quality of life and survival. The purpose of this study was to assess and compare peripheral muscle strength and endurance, exercise capacity, fatigue perception and quality of life between patients with COPD and healthy subjects. Twenty COPD patients ...
García-Hermoso Antonio A Faculty of Sport Sciences, AFIDES Research Group, University of Extremadura, Cáceres, - - 2014
Most studies on physical fitness and detraining have been conducted on normal-weight children. Their results indicate that any gains regress to the untrained control values during the detraining period. It, therefore, seems necessary to determine how detraining affects the different fitness parameters in obese children. The aim of the present ...
Kraaijenga Sophie - - 2014
Aims: To compare in a randomized controlled clinical trial (RCT) the application of the TheraBite® (TB) Jaw Motion Rehabilitation System with a standard physical therapy (PT) exercise regimen for the treatment of myogenic temporomandibular disorder (TMD). Methodology: Myogenic TMD patients were randomized for the use of the TB device or ...
Monticone Marco M 1Physical Medicine and Rehabilitation Unit, Scientific Institute of Lissone Salvatore Maugeri Foundation IRCCS, Monza Brianza, - - 2014
Objective:To evaluate the efficacy of an in-hospital programme based on task-oriented exercises associated with early full weight-bearing in patients with multiple comorbidities undergoing total hip replacement.Design:Randomized controlled trial.Setting:Specialised rehabilitation centre.Subjects:A total of 100 patients (mean age of 69 (8) years; 40 males, 60 females).Interventions:The experimental group underwent task-oriented exercises and ...
Rocco Andrew B AB College of Veterinary Medicine, Washington State - - 2014
Dystrophinopathy in the young mdx mouse model of Duchenne muscular dystrophy, is comparatively mild, requires induction, and is rarely assessed with tests of systemic muscle function in whole animals. A modified TREAT-NMD induction protocol was used to evaluate respiratory and exercise performance, starting and ending with maximum O2 consumption (VO2max ...
Stang Julie J Department of Sport Medicine, Norwegian School of Sport Sciences, Oslo, - - 2014
Nitric oxide (NO) concentration in exhaled gas is a marker of some inflammatory processes in the lung, and endogenous NO plays a role in the physiological responses to exercise and altitude. The aim of this study was to compare changes in exhaled NO concentration 5-60 mins after high-intensity exercise at 2800 m ...
Singhvi Ajay A Department of Pediatric Endocrinology and Diabetes, University of Iowa Hospital and - - 2014
Objective: This study examines the association of fitness on glycemic variability (GV) in adolescents with Type 1 Diabetes Mellitus (T1DM). GV has been associated with high frequency of hyper and hypoglycemia.Methods: Nineteen adolescents with T1DM, ages 14-19, underwent aerobic fitness testing to determine VO2 max. A continuous glucose monitor (CGM) ...
O'Connell Megan E ME Department of Psychology, University of Saskatchewan, Saskatoon, SK, - - 2014
Regular physical activity and exercise (PA&E) reduces cognitive aging, may delay dementia onset, and for persons with dementia, may slow progression and improve quality of life. Memory clinic patients and caregivers described their PA&E and completed the Older Persons' Attitudes Toward Physical Activity and Exercise Questionnaire (OPAPAEQ). Caregivers and patients ...
Roddy Gabrielle G Department of Kinesiology, Laboratory of the Neuropsychology of Sport and Development, University of Montreal, Montreal, Quebec, - - 2014
Aerobic exercise is known to reduce elevated intraocular pressure (IOP), a primary risk factor for a disease of the eye known as primary open-angle glaucoma. Given the disparate nature of experimental protocols across the literature, an analysis of studies, on the effect of acute aerobic exercise on IOP, is necessary ...
Notley Sean R SR From the Centre for Human and Applied Physiology, School of Medicine, University of Wollongong, Wollongong, New South Wales, - - 2014
The influence of variations in exercise mode, thermal state, and load carriage on cardiac and ventilatory predictors of metabolic rate were investigated. Fifteen males were studied at rest and during whole-, upper-, and lower-body exercise (unloaded and loaded) under thermoneutral and hot conditions. Ventilatory predictions were superior in thermoneutral (residual ...
Krafft Cynthia E CE Department of Psychology, University of Georgia, Athens, Ga., - - 2014
Aerobic fitness is associated with white matter integrity (WMI) in adults as measured by diffusion tensor imaging (DTI). This study examined the effect of an 8-month exercise intervention on WMI in children. Participants were 18 sedentary, overweight (BMI ≥85th percentile) 8- to 11-year-old children (94% Black), randomly assigned to either ...
Karg Michelle - - 2014
Fatigue influences the way a training exercise is performed and alters the kinematics of the movement. Monitoring the increase of fatigue during rehabilitation and sport exercises is beneficial to avoid the risk of injuries. This study investigates the use of a Parametric Hidden Markov Model (PHMM) to estimate fatigue from ...
Rongfei Zhu Z Department of Allergy, Tongji Hospital, Tongji Medical College, Huazhong University of Science and Technology, Wuhan, - - 2014
Wheat-dependent exercise-induced anaphylaxis (WDEIA) usually occurs 1 to 4 hours after wheat ingestion and the pathophysiology of WDEIA remains unknown. It is recommended that WDEIA patients refrain from exercise for 4 to 6 hours after wheat ingestion. We report a case of a 51-year-old man who experienced 5 anaphylaxis attacks; ...
Segat H J HJ Programa de Pós-Graduação em Bioquímica Toxicológica; Universidade Federal de Santa Maria-UFSM-RS, - - 2014
Exercise has been reported to attenuate rewarding symptoms related to addictive drugs mainly by affecting the brain neuroplasticity and neurotransmission. In this study, we investigated the influence of physical exercise on the behavioral and enzymatic status related to drug relapse in rats. Animals were primarily treated with amphetamine (AMPH; 4.0mg/kg, ...
Currie Shannon E SE University of New England, - - 2014
While heart rate (fH) has been used as an indicator of energy expenditure, quantitative data showing the relationship between these variables are only available for normothermic animals. To determine whether fH also predicts oxygen consumption (VO2) during torpor we simultaneously measured VO2, fH and subcutaneous body temperature (Tsub) of a ...
Smith Denise L DL a First Responder Health and Safety Laboratory, Health and Exercise Sciences Department Skidmore College , Saratoga Springs , - - 2014
ABSTRACT A physiological status monitor (PSM) has been embedded in a fire-resistant shirt. The purpose of this research study was to examine the ability of the PSM-shirt to accurately detect heart rate (HR) and respiratory rate (RR) when worn under structural firefighting personal protective equipment (PPE) during the performance of ...
Lesser Iris A IA a Biomedical Physiology and Kinesiology , Simon Fraser University , Burnaby , BC , - - 2014
Abstract With an ageing population there is an increased prevalence of individuals living with cardiovascular disease (CVD). Characteristics of older aerobically fit individuals with previously diagnosed CVD have not been studied. Therefore, our knowledge is limited as to how, or if, aerobically fit individuals with CVD attempt to adapt their ...
Herda Ashley A AA A.A. Herda, PhD, Department of Health, Sport and Exercise Sciences, University of Kansas, Overland Park, - - 2014
Submaximal exercise testing can have a greater application in clinical settings since peak exercise testing is generally not available. In our previous work, we developed a prediction equation to estimate peak VO2 using a total body recumbent stepper (TBRS) and the Young Men's Christian Association (YMCA) protocol in healthy adults. ...
Pelletier Chelsea A CA Department of Kinesiology, McMaster University, Hamilton, ON L8S 4K1, - - 2014
It is well established that physical activity can improve aspects of physical fitness in individuals with spinal cord injury (SCI). Despite reports of declining health and fitness post-discharge from rehabilitation, there is a limited amount of research exploring exercise status or interventions during this period. The purpose of this dissertation ...
Stoller Oliver O Institute for Rehabilitation and Performance Technology, Division of Mechanical Engineering, Department of Engineering and Information Technology, Bern University of Applied Sciences, Burgdorf, Switzerland; Department of Epidemiology, Maastricht University and Caphri Research School, Maastricht, The Netherlands. Electronic address: - - 2014
A recently developed robotic end-effector device (G-EO system, Reha Technology AG) can simulate walking and stair climbing. This approach has the potential to promote cardiovascular exercise training during rehabilitation. The aim of this study was to characterise cardiopulmonary responses of end-effector-based exercise in able-bodied subjects and to evaluate the feasibility ...
Thompson Warren G WG Department of Medicine, Mayo Clinic Rochester, 200 First Street SW, Rochester, MN 55905, USA. Electronic address: - - 2014
Older people are more sedentary than other age groups. We sought to determine if providing an accelerometer with feedback about activity and counseling older subjects using Go4Life educational material would increase activity levels. Participants were recruited from independent living areas within assisted living facilities and the general public in the ...
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