Search Results
Results 301 - 350 of 2104
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Treff G - - 2013
Elite rowers are highly endurance trained and present with a large lean body mass (LBM), which is closely related to total haemoglobin mass (tHbmass), a major determinant of blood O2-transport. This study aims to determine the magnitude of tHbmass in elite rowers and its relation to performance parameters that are ...
Wallner Dietmar - - 2013
Purpose of the study was to analyze the acute physiological response to aerobic short interval training (AESIT) at various high intensity running speeds. A minor anaerobic glycolytic energy supply was aimed to mimic the characteristics of slow continuous runs. Eight trained male runners (VO2max: 55.5±3.3 ml·kg-1·min-1) performed an incremental treadmill ...
Santa Mina D D Department of Surgical Oncology, Princess Margaret Cancer Center, Toronto, Ontario, Canada; Kinesiology Program, University of Guelph-Humber, Toronto, Ontario, Canada; School of Kinesiology and Health Science, York University, Toronto, Ontario, Canada. Electronic address: - - 2013
To systematically review the evidence of pre-operative exercise, known as 'prehabilitation', on peri- and postoperative outcomes in adult surgical populations. Systematic review and meta-analysis. CENTRAL, Medline, EMBASE, CINAHL, PsycINFO and PEDro were searched from 1950 to 2011. Two reviewers independently examined relevant, English-language articles that examined the effects of pre-operative ...
van Koppenhagen Casper Floris CF Department of Rehabilitation Medicine and Rudolf Magnus Institute for Neuroscience, University Medical Center, Utrecht, Netherlands; and Rehabiliation centre De Hoogstraat Revalidatie, Utrecht, - - 2013
Objective To examine the relationship between wheelchair exercise capacity and life satisfaction in persons with spinal cord injury from the start of active inpatient rehabilitation up to 5 years after discharge. Design Prospective cohort study. Subjects Persons with spinal cord injury, aged 18-65 years, and wheelchair dependent at least for ...
Maiers Michele - - 2013
Neck pain, common among the elderly population, has considerable implications on health and quality of life. Evidence supports the use of spinal manipulative therapy and exercise to treat neck pain; however, no studies to date have evaluated the effectiveness of these therapies specifically in seniors. To assess the relative effectiveness ...
Dawes Donald M - - 2013
While the physiologic effects of modern conducted electrical weapons (CEW) have been the subject of numerous studies, their effects on neurocognitive functioning, both short-term and long-term, are less well understood. It is also unclear how these effects compare to other use-of-force options or other arrest-related stressors. We compared the neurocognitive ...
Verger Antoine - - 2013
Injected doses are difficult to optimize for exercise SPECT since they depend on the myocardial fraction of injected activity (MFI) that is detected by the camera. The aim of this study was to analyse the factors affecting MFI determined using a cardiac CZT camera as compared with those determined using ...
Ogata Hisayoshi - - 2013
Minute ventilation (V.E) during walking has been shown to be higher in older individuals than in young individuals, but the mechanisms underlying the higher ventilatory response is unclear. Central command and peripheral neural reflex are important neural control mechanisms underlying ventilatory response during exercise. Passive leg movement has been used ...
Verheijden Klompstra Leonie - - 2013
Background:Physical activity can improve exercise capacity, quality of life and reduce mortality and hospitalization in patients with heart failure (HF). Adherence to exercise recommendations in patients with HF is low. The use of exercise games (exergames) might be a way to encourage patients with HF to exercise especially those who ...
Loughney L - - 2013
/st>Cardiopulmonary exercise testing by cycle ergometry (CPETleg) is an established assessment tool of perioperative physical fitness. CPET utilizing arm ergometry (CPETarm) is an attractive alternative in patients with lower limb dysfunction. We aimed to determine whether oxygen uptake obtained by CPETleg could be predicted by using CPETarm alone and whether ...
Mitchell Marc S - - 2013
Less than 5% of U.S. adults accumulate the required dose of exercise to maintain health. Behavioral economics has stimulated renewed interest in economic-based, population-level health interventions to address this issue. Despite widespread implementation of financial incentive-based public health and workplace wellness policies, the effects of financial incentives on exercise initiation ...
Meucci Marco - - 2013
Inactivity is a primary factor related to childhood obesity, yet aerobic exercise has been shown to prevent weight gain and improve fitness in adolescents. Moreover, children become less active during their summer break from school. This study compared the effects of 4 and 8 weeks of supervised summer activity versus ...
Yu Wonjong W Department of Physical Therapy, Seonam University, Republic of - - 2013
[Purpose] This study investigated the effects of resistance exercise using Thera-band on balance of elderly adults. [Methods] Subjects (age range, 60-70 years) were randomly assigned to an experimental (n=12) or control group (n=12). The experimental group performed stretching and resistance exercises, and the control group performed stretching exercises only. Before and ...
Kim Seonggil S Department of Rehabilitation Science, Graduate School, Daegu University, Republic of - - 2013
[Purpose] The aim of this study was to examine the effects of horse riding exercise using a horse riding simulator (HRS) and a ball on static and dynamic balance of elderly people. [Methods] Thirty-two elderly people hospitalized in geriatric hospitals were randomly assigned to the HRS exercise group or the ...
Peterson Alexis B - - 2013
Physical activity, and specifically exercise, has shown promise as an intervention for drug addiction; however, the exercise conditions that produce the most efficacious response, as well as its underlying mechanism, are unknown. In this study, we examined the dose-dependent effects of wheel running, an animal model of exercise, during abstinence ...
Wells Cherie - - 2013
Pilates exercise is recommended for people with chronic low back pain (CLBP). In the literature, however, Pilates exercise is described and applied differently to treat people with CLBP. This makes it difficult to evaluate its effectiveness. The aim of this study was to establish a consensus regarding the definition and ...
Kozey-Keadle Sarah - - 2013
Individuals may compensate for exercise training by modifying non-exercise behavior (i.e., increase sedentary time (ST) and decrease non-exercise physical activity (NEPA)). To compare ST and NEPA during a 12-week exercise training and/or lifestyle intervention. Fifty-seven overweight/obese participants (19 M/39 F) completed the study (mean ± SD; age 43.6 ± 9.9 ...
Nibbeling Nicky - - 2013
To investigate to what degree exercise-induced fatigue influences behavioural choices, participants' transition from running to rifle shooting in a pursue-and-shoot task was assessed. Participants ran on a treadmill and chased a target in a virtual environment and were free to choose when to stop the treadmill and shoot at the ...
Brocki Barbara Cristina - - 2013
Surgical resection enhances long-term survival after lung cancer, but survivors face functional deficits and report on poor quality of life long time after surgery. This study evaluated short and long-term effects of supervised group exercise training on health-related quality of life and physical performance in patients, who were radically operated ...
Teopompi Elisabetta - - 2013
In patients with COPD, we investigated the effect of the fat-free mass (FFM) on maximal exercise capacity and the relationship with changes in operational lung volumes during exercise. In a cross-sectional study fifty-seven patients (16 females; age 65 ± 8 yrs) were consecutively assessed by resting lung function, symptom-limited cardiopulmonary ...
Rider Brian C - - 2013
: There is a growing trend for runners to use compression stockings (CS) to improve performance. The purpose of this study was to determine the effect of CS on physiological variables associated with running performance. Participants were ten NCAA Division III cross-country runners. The study utilized a randomized, crossover design ...
De Mey Kristof - - 2013
: During resistance training protocols, people are often encouraged to target the scapular stabilizing musculature (middle and lower trapezius and serratus anterior) while minimizing shoulder prime mover activation (upper trapezius and large glenohumeral muscles) in their training regime, especially in overhead athletes with scapular dyskinesis. In order to increase the ...
Stanley Jamie - - 2013
We investigated the acute effects of cold water immersion (CWI) or passive recovery (PAS) on physiological responses during high-intensity interval training (HIIT). In a crossover design, 14 cyclists completed 2 HIIT sessions (HIIT1 and HIIT2) separated by 30 min. Between HIIT sessions, they stood in cold water (10 °C) up to their ...
Dolezal Brett A - - 2013
Heart rate variability (HRV) reflects a healthy autonomic nervous system and is increased with physical training. Methamphetamine dependence (MD) causes autonomic dysfunction and diminished HRV. We compared recently abstinent MD participants with age-matched, drug free controls (DF) and also investigated whether HRV can be improved with exercise training in the ...
McDermott Brendon - - 2013
Context :  Athletic trainers recommend and use a multitude of rehydration (REHY) methods with their patients. The REHY modality that most effectively facilitates recovery is unknown. Objective :  To compare 5 common REHY methods for thermoregulatory and stress hormone recovery after exercise dehydration (EXDE) in trained participants. Design :  Randomized, ...
Loomba Rohit S - - 2013
Fontan fenestration closure is a topic of great debate. The body of data regarding the risks and benefits of fenestration closure is limited yet growing. Previous studies have demonstrated that Fontan patients have less exercise capacity than those with normal cardiovascular anatomy. Differences also have been noted within various subgroups ...
Nimmerichter Alfred - - 2013
Limited research has suggested that acute exposure to negatively charged ions may enhance cardio-respiratory function, aerobic metabolism and recovery following exercise. To test the physiological effects of negatively charged air ions, 14 trained males (age: 32 ± 7 years; [Formula: see text]: 57 ± 7 mL min(-1) kg(-1)) were exposed for 20 min to either a high-concentration of air ...
Calligaro Gregory L - - 2013
Abstract Dynamic hyperinflation (DH) during exercise is associated with both dyspnea and exercise limitation in COPD. Metronome-paced tachypnoea (MPT) is a simple alternative for studying DH. We compared MPT with exercise testing (XT) as methods of provoking DH, and assessed their relationship with dyspnea. We studied 24 patients with moderate ...
Courneya Kerry S - - 2013
Exercise improves physical functioning and symptom management during breast cancer chemotherapy, but the effects of different doses and types of exercise are unknown. A multicenter trial in Canada randomized 301 breast cancer patients to thrice-weekly supervised exercise during chemotherapy consisting of either a standard dose of 25 to 30 minutes ...
Ricci Cristian - - 2013
Exercise training improves both exercise tolerance and Quality of Life in patients with chronic obstructive pulmonary disease (COPD). The intensity of exercise training is crucial to achieve a true physiological effect. However, in COPD patients, exertional dyspnea and leg fatigue mean that the patient cannot maintain intensity of training for ...
Boerlage-van Dijk Kirsten - - 2013
MitraClip implantation reduces mitral regurgitation effectively but decreases mitral valve area, creating iatrogenic mitral stenosis. Evaluation with transesophageal echocardiography intraprocedurally is necessary to measure mitral regurgitation and mitral valve pressure gradient (MVPG) to determine whether it is necessary and safe to place more clips. The aim of this study was ...
Partridge Julie A - - 2013
CrossFit is a growing fitness trend in the United States; however, little systematic research has addressed specific motivational principles within this unique exercise environment. The purpose of the study was to explore the influence of gender and membership time on perceptions of motivational climate and goals within the CrossFit environment. ...
Sakadjian Alex - - 2013
This study investigated the effectiveness of action observation (AO) on facilitating learning of the power clean technique (kinematics) compared to traditional strength coaching methods; and whether improvements in performance (kinetics) were associated with an improvement in lifting technique. Fifteen subjects (age 20.9±2.3 years) with no experience in performing the power ...
Spitz Marissa G - - 2013
Athletes often compete in cold environments and may face delays due to weather or race logistics between performance of a warm-up and the start of the race. This study sought to determine, 1) whether a delay after warm-up affects subsequent time trial (TT) performance and, 2) if exposure to a ...
Burton Elissa - - 2013
Restorative home care services help older people maximise their independence using a multi-dimensional approach. They usually include an exercise program designed to improve the older person's strength, balance and function. The types of programs currently offered require allocation of time during the day to complete specific exercises. This is not ...
Sparks S Andy - - 2013
The aim of this study was to evaluate the carriage of a portable gas analyser during prolonged treadmill exercise at a variety of speeds. Ten male participants completed six trials at different speeds (4, 8 and 12 km h(- 1)) for 40 min whilst wearing the analyser (P) or where the analyser was externally ...
Cook Brian - - 2013
To examine associations among pathological motivations for exercise with eating disorder (ED) specific health-related quality of life (HRQOL). Survey data assessing ED severity (i.e., Eating Disorder Diagnostic Survey), ED specific HRQOL (i.e., Eating Disorders Quality of Life Instrument), and pathological motivations for exercise (i.e., Exercise Dependence Scale) were collected from ...
Borji Rihab - - 2013
This study examined neuromuscular fatigue after high-intensity intermittent exercise in 10 men with mild intellectual disability (ID) in comparison with 10 controls. Both groups performed three maximal voluntary contractions (MVC) of knee extension with 5min in-between. The highest level achieved was selected as reference MVC. The fatiguing exercise consists of ...
Gist Nicholas H - - 2013
Sprint interval training (SIT) involving repeated 30-s "all out" efforts have resulted in significantly improved skeletal muscle oxidative capacity, maximal oxygen uptake, and endurance performance. The positive impact of SIT on cardiorespiratory fitness has far-reaching health implications. The objective of this study was to perform a systematic review of the ...
Hoffmann Kristine - - 2013
Background: Exercise is hypothesized to improve cognition, physical performance, functional ability and quality of life, but evidence is scarce. Previous studies were of short duration, often underpowered and involving home-based light exercise programs in patients with undefined dementia. The aim of the ADEX ('Preserving Cognition, Quality of Life, Physical Health ...
Larsen I - - 2013
Physical activity is central in prevention and treatment of metabolic syndrome. High-intensity aerobic exercise can induce larger energy expenditure per unit of time compared with moderate-intensity exercise. Furthermore, it may induce larger energy expenditure at post-exercise recovery. The aim of this study is to compare the excess post-exercise oxygen consumption ...
McCulloch Robert - - 2013
A 23-year-old male British soldier developed a progressive sensory loss and weakness in his right arm during a 12 km training run with a load of approximately 70 kg. There was no recovery of his symptoms within 3 months and both MRI and USS did not demonstrate a site of ...
Chamberlain Sarah - - 2013
For people with refractory chronic cough, nonpharmacological interventions are emerging as alternatives to antitussive medications. These treatments generally are delivered by physiotherapists and speech and language therapists and consist of education, breathing exercises, cough suppression techniques, and counselling. Although the number of studies investigating these treatment options has increased in ...
Patel Ankit - - 2013
There is significant growth in the use of the robotic surgery platform in the general surgery community. Current pre-requisites for robot surgery training include performing basic tasks on a simulator and achieving a minimum overall score for each task. However, there is limited information about these tasks related to performance ...
Schoos Mikkel Malby - - 2013
Chronic obstructive pulmonary disease (COPD) reduces exercise capacity, but lung function parameters do not fully explain functional class and lung-heart interaction could be the explanation. We evaluated echocardiographic predictors of mortality and six minutes walking distance (6MWD), a marker for quality of life and mortality in COPD. Ninety COPD patients ...
Jones Jane Redfern - - 2013
Henry Ford said: 'Anyone who stops learning is old, whether at 20 or 80. Anyone who keeps learning stays young. The greatest thing in life is to keep your mind young.'
Olson Thomas P - - 2013
This study examined the validity of a novel software application to quantify measures of periodic breathing rest (PB) and oscillatory ventilation during exercise (EOV) in heart failure patients (HF). Eleven male HF patients (age=53±8yrs, ejection fraction=17±4, New York Heart Association Class=III(7)/IV(4) were recruited. Ventilation and gas exchange were collected breath-by-breath. ...
McClanachan Nelson J - - 2013
Abstract Objective: To determine feasibility of gaming console exercise and its effect on endurance, gait and balance in people following acquired brain injury (ABI). Method: Twenty-one people following ABI were recruited to an 8-week randomized cross-over trial where 4 weeks of gaming console exercise in addition to usual therapy and ...
Jácome Cristina I O - - 2013
Pulmonary Rehabilitation (PR) is effective in improving exercise capacity and health-related quality of life in patients with moderate-to-very-severe COPD. Quadriceps strength and health-related quality of life (HRQL) can be impaired in patients with mild COPD, therefore, patients at this grade may already benefit from PR. However, the impact of PR ...
Kraal Jos J - - 2013
Physical training has beneficial effects on exercise capacity, quality of life and mortality in patients after a cardiac event or intervention and is therefore a core component of cardiac rehabilitation. However, cardiac rehabilitation uptake is low and effects tend to decrease after the initial rehabilitation period. Home-based training has the ...
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