Search Results
Results 251 - 300 of 2104
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Mola Jameson J 1Southampton Solent University, Southampton - - 2013
Resistance exercise may acutely enhance muscle contractile activity which is known as postactivation potentiation (PAP). PAP augments important skills that require power production that are necessary during soccer performance. The aim of this study was to determine the optimal recovery time to elicit PAP following a bout of high-intensity resistance ...
Samani Afshin A Laboratory for Ergonomics and Work-related Disorders, Center for Sensory-Motor Interaction (SMI), Department of Health Science and Technology, Aalborg University, Fredrik Bajers Vej 7 D-3, 9220 Aalborg East, Denmark. Electronic address: - - 2013
The aim of this study was to compare the capability of a cluster-based exposure variation (C-EVA) with a conventional exposure variation analysis (EVA) to detect muscular adaptation in the shoulder joint to subsequent sessions of eccentric exercise (ECC). Eleven healthy subjects performed work with a computer mouse for 10min at ...
Cortes N N Sports Medicine Assessment, Research & Testing (SMART) Laboratory, George Mason University, USA. Electronic address: - - 2013
When individuals perform purposeful actions to fatigue, there is typically a general decline in their movement performance. This study was designed to investigate the effects exercise-induced fatigue has on lower limb kinetics and kinematics during a side-step cutting task. In particular, it was of interest to determine what changes could ...
Fischer Gabriela - - 2013
To investigate the impact of respiratory muscle endurance training (RMET) on lung function and exercise performance in athletes with high lesion level paraplegia. This was a case-control intervention study. Sport and exercise science laboratories and bike path. Twelve competitive handbike athletes with high lesion level paraplegia matched by lesion and ...
Dishman Rod K - - 2013
This study aimed to test experiential and behavioral processes of change as mediators of the prediction of exercise behavior by two self-regulation traits, self-efficacy and self-motivation, while controlling for exercise enjoyment. Structural equation modeling was applied to questionnaire responses obtained from a diverse sample of participants. Objective measures defined adherence ...
Yano T - - 2013
The purpose of the present study was to examine how end tidal CO2 pressure (PETCO2) is controlled in impulse exercise. After pre-exercise at 25 watts for 5 min, impulse exercise for 10 sec with 200 watts followed by post exercise at 25 watts was performed. Ventilation (V̇E) significantly increased until ...
Buckingham G G Department of Psychology, School of Life Sciences, Heriot-Watt University, David Brewster Building, Edinburgh, EA14 4AS, UK, - - 2013
In the size-weight illusion (SWI), large objects feel lighter than equally weighted small objects. In the present study, we investigated whether this powerful weight illusion could influence real-lift behavior-namely, whether individuals would perform more bicep curls with a dumbbell that felt subjectively lighter than with an identically weighted, but heavier-feeling, ...
Forbes Dorothy - - 2013
This is an update of our previous 2008 review. Several recent trials and systematic reviews of the impact of exercise on people with dementia are reporting promising findings.  OBJECTIVES: Primary: Do exercise programs for older people with dementia improve cognition, activities of daily living (ADLs), challenging behaviour, depression, and mortality ...
Snijders Tim - - 2013
Skeletal muscle satellite cells (SCs) play an important role in the myogenic adaptive response to exercise. It remains to be established whether nutrition plays a role in SC activation in response to exercise. In the present study, we assessed whether dietary protein alters the SC response to a single bout ...
Harada Kazuhiro K Section for Physical Function Activation, National Center for Geriatrics and Gerontology, Obu, - - 2013
This study aimed to examine the association of muscle-strengthening activity with knee and low back pain, falls, and health related quality of life among Japanese older adults. A cross-sectional survey targeted 3000people. The response rate was 52% and 208 respondents did not meet the inclusion criteria. Therefore, 1351 individuals were ...
Schmitz Randy J RJ Applied Neuromechanics Research Laboratory, Department of Kinesiology, University of North Carolina at Greensboro, Greensboro, - - 2013
Potential biomechanical compensations allowing for maintenance of maximal explosive performance during prolonged intermittent exercise, with respect to the corresponding rise in injury rates during the later stages of exercise/competition, are relatively unknown. To identify lower extremity countermovement jump (CMJ) biomechanical factors using a Principal Components approach, and then examine how ...
Sugimoto Hiroe - - 2013
The present study clarifies the effects of participation in a preventative health classroom program (exercise program) for 1 year on the physical functions of pre-frail elderly individuals in comparison with healthy elderly individuals. Participants in the study included 28 elderly pre-frail female participants and 28 elderly healthy female participants. Participants ...
Leung Regina Wm - - 2013
Tai Chi is an ancient Chinese martial art which incorporates elements of strengthening, balance, postural alignment and concentration. The benefits of Tai Chi in the healthy population have been widely examined. In comparison, only three studies have evaluated the effects of Tai Chi in people with chronic obstructive pulmonary disease ...
Kelly Robert E RE - - 2013
A multicenter study of pectus excavatum was described previously. This report presents our final results. Patients treated surgically at 11 centers were followed prospectively. Each underwent a preoperative evaluation with CT scan, pulmonary function tests, and body image survey. Data were collected about associated conditions, complications, and perioperative pain. One ...
Vinciguerra G - - 2013
Aim: The aim of this registry study was to evaluate the effects of Pycnogenol® (French pine bark extract) on improving physical fitness (PF) in normal individuals using the Army Physical Fitness Test (APFT). The study evaluated the efficacy of Pycnogenol, used as a supplement, in improving training, exercise, recovery and ...
Vobejda C - - 2013
Aim: The aim of the present study was to improve and confirm a time trial (TT) based method for determining anaerobic threshold (AnT) requiring minimal equipment. Methods: Eighteen participants underwent three to five all-out TTs for at the most 60 min. Velocity of the TTs was adapted in 0.1 or ...
Yu Qian - - 2013
The aim of the present study was to investigate the effects of exercise training on the characteristics of long-term potentiation (LTP) and N-methyl-D aspartate (NMDA) receptor channels in the hippocampal CA3 neurons of rats with cerebral infarction. Wistar rats were randomly allocated into the model without any training and rehabilitation ...
Coulter Corinne L - - 2013
In people who have been discharged from hospital after a total hip replacement, do rehabilitation exercises directed by a physiotherapist improve strength, gait, function and quality of life? Are these exercises as effective in an unsupervised home-based setting as they are in a supervised outpatient setting? Systematic review with meta-analysis ...
Lindstedt Stan L - - 2013
This laboratory exercise demonstrates fundamental principles of mammalian locomotion. It provides opportunities to interrogate aspects of locomotion from biomechanics to energetics to body size scaling. It has the added benefit of having results with robust signal to noise so that students will have success even if not "meticulous" in attention ...
Osawa Y - - 2013
Exogenous stimulation of skeletal muscle or tendon is often used to improve range of motion. Despite substantial research efforts, however, the effects of vibration on flexibility have not been clarified. In this review, we investigated the effects of acute and chronic intervention programs which used vibration to improve flexibility in ...
Yang Pearl - - 2013
Structured, gym-based exercise training has been shown to be effective at improving aerobic fitness and glycemic control in persons with type 2 diabetes. However, community-based diabetes programs more commonly incorporate less structured programming, promoting exercise at home. The objectives of this study were to evaluate a community-based, hybrid exercise program ...
Yoon Seok S Sport Studies and Physical Education, Chowan University, Murfreesboro, - - 2013
This study used a path analysis approach to examine the relationship between feelings of energy, exercise-related self-efficacy beliefs, and exercise participation. A cross-sectional mailing survey design was used to measure feelings of physical and mental energy, task and scheduling self-efficacy beliefs, and voluntary moderate and vigorous exercise participation in 368 ...
Scarapicchia T M F MF Department of Kinesiology and Physical Education, McGill University, Montreal, QC, - - 2013
Young inactive healthy-weight females (n = 42) were randomly assigned to exercise at a self-selected pace on a treadmill beside a confederate who was providing either intrinsic or externally regulated verbal primes. Heart rate (HR), rating of perceived exertion (RPE), percentage of time spent in moderate-to-vigorous physical activity (MVPA), and ...
Han Gun-Soo GS Department of Sports and Leisure Studies, College of Humanity, Daegu University, Republic of - - 2013
[Purpose] The purpose of this study was to investigate the effects of eight weeks of an endurance exercise training program on cardiac hypertrophy in mice. [Subjects] Male 129 SvJ/C57BL6 mice (n=12) were used. The exercised mice ran on a motor-driven treadmill five days per week for 40 minutes at a ...
Buchheit Martin - - 2013
To examine the time course of wellness, fatigue and performance during an altitude training camp (La Paz, 3600 m) in two groups of either sea-level (Australian) or altitude (Bolivian) native young soccer players. Wellness and fatigue were assessed using questionnaires and resting heart rate (HR) and HR variability. Physical performance ...
Peçanha Tiago T Laboratory of Motor Assessment, Faculty of Physical Education and Sports, Federal University of Juiz de Fora, Brazil. - - 2013
Most studies investigating the effects of non-pharmacological interventions, such as physical training (PT), on cardiac autonomic control, assessed the HRV only in resting conditions. Recently, a new time-frequency mathematical approach based on the short-time Fourier transform (STFT) method has been validated for the assessment of HRV in non-stationary conditions such ...
Tibana Ramires A - - 2013
This study compared two different rest intervals (RI) between sets of resistance exercise. Ten resistance-trained men (M age = 24.3, SD = 3.5 yr.; M weigh t= 80.0 kg, SD = 15.3; M height = 1.75 m, SD = 0.04) performed five sets of Smith machine bench presses at 60% ...
Chen Yi-Lang - - 2013
The objective of this study was to assess the relationship between the scores collected from Borg's rating of perceived exertion (RPE) scale and the heart rates (HR) of young Taiwanese men. Three exercises types (dynamic, partially dynamic, and static) were performed by 12 participants (six were familiar with Borg's scale ...
Buttery Amanda K - - 2013
Introduction: falling, and fear of falling, significantly affect older people and their lifestyle resulting in loss of confidence, restriction of activity and deteriorating quality of life. Multi-factorial assessment and active participation in an evidence-based exercise programme are key interventions to prevent and manage falls. to examine older people's experiences of ...
Milligan Fiona - - 2013
In the current economic climate within the NHS, behavioural-change interventions in chronic disease such as exercise programmes will be time-limited within acute hospital facilities. The challenge is to deliver cost-effective, participatory, population-specific health interventions that result in measurable benefits. Methodology: A mixed-methods study was undertaken to assess the benefits of ...
Lintu Niina - - 2013
Abstract We investigated cardiovascular fitness and haemodynamic responses to maximal cycle ergometer exercise test in children. The participants were a population sample of 425 children (204 girls, 221 boys) aged 6-8 years. Heart rate (HR) and systolic blood pressure (SBP) were measured from the beginning of pre-exercise rest to the ...
Giné-Garriga Maria - - 2013
To conduct a systematic review to determine the efficacy of exercise-based interventions on improving performance-based measures of physical function and markers of physical frailty, in community-dwelling frail older people. Comprehensive bibliographic searches in Medline, The Cochrane Library, PEDro, and CINAHL databases were conducted (April 2013). Randomized clinical trials of community-dwelling ...
Park Eun-Young - - 2013
This study aimed to investigate the evidence that strengthening interventions can improve muscle strength and activity in individuals with cerebral palsy. The search focused on studies that employed strength training for children with cerebral palsy for which six electronic databases were used to extract literature published from 2001 to 2012. ...
Herting Megan M MM Department of Pediatrics, Keck School of Medicine at USC/Children's Hospital of Los Angeles, Los Angeles, CA, USA. Electronic address: - - 2013
Exercise has been shown to have positive effects on the brain and behavior throughout various stages of the lifespan. However, little is known about the impact of exercise on neurodevelopment during the adolescent years, particularly with regard to white matter microstructure, as assessed by diffusion tensor imaging (DTI). Both tract-based ...
Loturco Irineu - - 2013
The present study investigated the relationship between punching acceleration and selected strength and power variables in nineteen professional karate athletes from the Brazilian National Team (9 men and 10 women; age: 23 ± 3 years; height: 1.71 ±0.09 m and body mass: 67.34 ± 13.44 kg). Punching acceleration was assessed ...
Rodríguez-Marroyo Jose A - - 2013
The main aim of this study was to compare the training load executed by volleyball players with that observed by coaches. Secondly, we analyzed the influence of the coaches' experience in the estimated training load. Twelve female volleyball players and four male coaches participated in this study. During a period ...
Storer Thomas W - - 2013
: Conventional wisdom suggests that exercise training with a personal trainer (PTr) is more beneficial for improving health-related fitness than training alone. However, there are no published data that confirm whether fitness club members who exercise with a PTr in the fitness club setting obtain superior results compared with self-directed ...
Ismail Hashbullah - - 2013
Intuitively higher exercise program volume may be the primary stimulus for physical adaptation. We sought to establish if aerobic exercise training program characteristics produced different effect sizes for change in cardiorespiratory fitness in heart failure patients. We conducted a MEDLINE search (1966 to 2012), for exercise based rehabilitation trials in ...
Williams Marie T - - 2013
While recommendations for the duration, frequency, mode and intensity of exercise programmes for people with chronic obstructive pulmonary disease (COPD) are specified in consensus statements, criteria for exercise session attendance are less clear. The review questions were: (i) how commonly are a priori criteria and attendance rates reported for people ...
Houston Brian W - - 2013
Cystic fibrosis is the most common life-limiting genetic condition in Caucasians and the life-expectancy of those newly diagnosed is increasing. Inspiratory muscle training may be a way of improving the lung function and quality of life of people with cystic fibrosis. Hence there is a need to establish whether this ...
Michalsik L B - - 2013
The present study evaluated the physical demands imposed on female elite team handball players in relation to playing position. Female elite team handball field players were examined during match-play over a 5-year period using video based computerized locomotion analysis of tournament matches. In addition, physiological measurements during match-play and in ...
Murton Andrew John - - 2013
We sought to ascertain the time-course of transcriptional events that occur in human skeletal muscle at the outset of resistance exercise (RE) training in RE naïve individuals, and determine if the magnitude of response was associated with exercise induced muscle damage. Sixteen RE naïve males were recruited, 8 underwent 2 ...
Scudese Estevão - - 2013
The purpose of this study was to compare different rest intervals between sets on repetition consistency and ratings of perceived exertion (RPE) during consecutive bench press sets with an absolute 3RM load. Sixteen trained men (23.75 ± 4.21 years; 74.63 ± 5.36 kg; 175 ± 4.64 cm; bench press relative ...
Rønnestad Bent R - - 2013
The phenomenon postactivation potentiation can possibly be used to acutely improve sprint performance. The purpose of this study was to investigate the effect of body-loaded half-squats with added whole body vibration (WBV) on subsequent 20 m on-ice sprint performance. Fifteen male ice-hockey players performed four test sessions on separate days ...
Dolmage Thomas E - - 2013
Partitioning exercise by 1-legged cycling is more effective than conventional training in patients with chronic obstructive pulmonary disease. Similarly, inhaling helium-hyperoxia can extend conventional exercise tolerance. This study aimed to determine whether breathing helium-hyperoxia could increase the tolerance of a high-intensity exercise session achieved by 1-legged cycling. Participants completed 2 ...
Lichtenstein Mia Beck MB Centre for Eating Disorders, Odense University Hospital, University of Southern Denmark, Denmark. Electronic address: - - 2013
Exercise addiction is characterized by excessive exercise patterns with potential negative consequences such as overuse injuries. The aim of this study was to compare eating disorder symptoms, quality of life, personality traits and attachments styles in exercisers with and without indications of exercise addiction. A case-control study with 121 exercisers ...
Hollier Carly Ann - - 2013
In people with obesity hypoventilation syndrome (OHS), breathing 100% oxygen increases carbon dioxide (PCO2), but its effect on pH is unknown. This study investigated the effects of moderate concentrations of supplemental oxygen on PCO2, pH, minute ventilation (VE) and physiological dead space to tidal volume ratio (VD/VT) among people with ...
Alibhai Shabbir M H - - 2013
Fatigue is the most common and disabling symptom affecting quality of life (QOL) and daily function in patients who have completed treatment for acute myeloid leukemia (AML). Although trials in patients with various solid tumors have reported improved fatigue and QOL following exercise interventions, there have been no studies in ...
Dittrich Naiandra - - 2013
The purpose of this study was to determine and compare the time to exhaustion (TE) and the physiological responses at continuous and intermittent (ratio 5:1) maximal lactate steady state (MLSS) in well trained runners. Ten athletes (32.7 ± 6.9 years; VO2max 61.7 ± 3.9 mL·kg-1·min-1) performed an incremental treadmill test, ...
Dao An T - - 2013
Previously, we reported that in a rat model of sporadic Alzheimer's disease (AD) generated by exogenous administration of Aβ1-42 (250 pmol/d for 2 wk) via mini-osmotic pump, the animals exhibited learning and memory impairment, which could be attributed to the deleterious alterations in the levels of cognition-related signalling molecules. We showed ...
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