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Afroundeh R R Department of Human Development Science, Faculty of Education, Hokkaido University, Sapporo, Japan. - - 2014
Time delay in the mediation of ventilation (V(.)E) by arterial CO(2) pressure (PaCO(2)) was studied during recovery from short impulse-like exercises with different work loads of recovery. Subjects performed two tests including 10-sec impulse like exercise with work load of 200 watts and 15-min recovery with 25 watts in test ...
Smith Ashleigh E AE Sansom Institute for Health Research, School of Health Sciences, University of South Australia, Adelaide, SA, - - 2014
Peak oxygen uptake (VO2peak) is reliably predicted in young and middle-aged adults using a submaximal perceptually-regulated exercise test (PRET). It is unknown whether older adults can use a PRET to accurately predict VO2peak. In this study, the validity of a treadmill-based PRET to predict VO2peak was assessed in 24 participants ...
Kilianski Andy A Andy Kilianski, PhD, is National Research Council Fellow, BioSciences Division, Edgewood Chemical and Biological Center , Aberdeen Proving Ground, Edgewood, Maryland. Amy T. O'Rourke, MPH, MEP, is Emergency Response Coordinator; Crystal L. Carlson, MPH, MEP, is Emergency Response Coordinator and Interim MRC Coordinator; and Frankie Shipman-Amuwo, MPH, is Interim Director; all in the Emergency Preparedness and Response Unit, Cook County Department of Public Health, Oak Forest, Illinois. Shannon M. Parikh, JD, MPH, is Manager of Regulatory and Safety Compliance, Department of Accreditation and Regulatory Compliance, Sinai Health System, Chicago, - - 2014
Increasing threats of bioterrorism and the emergence of novel disease agents, including the recent international outbreaks of H7N9 influenza and MERS-CoV, have stressed the importance and highlighted the need for public health preparedness at local, regional, and national levels. To test plans that were developed for mass prophylaxis scenarios, in ...
Beach Tyson A C TA a Faculty of Kinesiology and Physical Education , University of Toronto , Toronto , - - 2014
The impact of exercise on firefighter job performance and cardiorespiratory fitness has been studied extensively, but its effect on musculoskeletal loading remains unknown. The aim of this study was to contrast the physical fitness and low-back loading outcomes of two groups of firefighters who completed different exercise programmes. Before and ...
Cabral L F LF Physical Therapy School, Federal University of Juiz de Fora, Brazil - - - 2014
Although pursed-lip breathing (PLB) has been advocated to reduce respiratory rate and improve oxygen saturation in patients with chronic obstructive pulmonary disease (COPD) at rest, the evidence of its effects on dynamic hyperinflation (DH) and exercise tolerance is scarce. To evaluate the effect of PLB on exercise tolerance, breathing pattern, ...
Jidovtseff B B Service of Training and Assessment of Physical Fitness Department of Sports Sciences University of Liege, Liege, Belgium - - - 2014
Aim: Different jumping strategies can be used during plyometric training. Understanding how manipulating variables such as the counter-movement, flexion amplitude, the drop and the load could influence neuromuscular adaptation would be beneficial for coaches and athletes. The purpose of this study was to analyze how these variations in the vertical ...
Dohi M M Japan Institute of Sports Sciences, Tokyo, - - 2014
It is known that the pulmonary function shows a decline over time. There is the potential for an increase of airway damage among athletes who have higher ventilation compared with normal population. This means that the athletes with BA are suffering the doubled risk of airway damage due to their ...
Maskhuliva L L Clinical Centre of Sports Medicine and Rehabilitation of Tbilisi State Medical University, Tbilisi, - - 2014
There are a large number of studies which have focused on left ventricular (LV) structural and functional characteristics, however insufficient data exist concerning right heart response to exercise in elite athletes of different sporting disciplines. To investigate right ventricular (RV) dimensions and function in top-level athletes. Retrospective study. Sports Medicine ...
Kaplan Y Y Physical Therapy and Sports Medicine Institute, Lerner Sports Center, Hebrew University, Jerusalem, - - 2014
In order to make reliable clinical decisions in relation to when injured or surgically operated athletes may return to daily functional and weight-bearing sporting activities, there is a need to establish referent average weight-bearing values in common sporting activities. To evaluate average percentage body weight (APBW) values and weight-bearing distribution ...
Willis Erik A EA 1Cardiovascular Research Institute, Department of Internal Medicine, The University of Kansas Medical Center, Kansas City, KS; 2Health, Physical Education & Recreation, Augustana College, Sioux Falls, SD; 3Institute for Measurement, Methodology, Analysis, and Policy, Texas Tech University, Lubbock, - - 2014
To examine compensatory changes in non-exercise energy expenditure (NEEx) and non-exercise physical activity (NEPA) in response to an aerobic exercise training program. Ninety-two overweight/obese (BMI 25-39.9 kg[BULLET OPERATOR]m) sedentary young adults (18-30 years) completed a 10-month randomized clinical efficacy trial of aerobic exercise 5 d·wk at either 400 kcal·session (n=37), ...
Perera N N Australian Centre for Research into Injury in Sport and its Prevention (ACRISP), Federation University Australia, Ballarat, - - 2014
The Australian Adult Pre-Exercise Screening System (APSS) was developed as the national standard to promote quality control, consistency of practices across the industry and use of pre-exercise screening as a risk management tool to identify and manage health and injury risks associated with fitness activities. Stage 1 of APSS is ...
Baker Lindsay B LB Gatorade Sports Science Institute, Barrington, - - 2014
Context: Sports nutrition experts recommend that team-sport athletes participating in intermittent high-intensity exercise for ≥1 hr consume 1-4 g carbohydrate/kg 1-4 hr before, 30-60 g carbohydrate/hr during, and 1-1.2 g carbohydrate/kg/hr and 20-25 g protein as soon as possible after exercise. The study objective was to compare observed vs. recommended ...
Lauridsen Hb H Gait Analysis Laboratory, Copenhagen University Hospital at Hvidovre, Copenhagen, - - 2014
The most commonly used graft in ACL-reconstructions is harvested from the semitendinosus muscle (ST) which causes atrophy and reduced muscle strength in the hamstrings. As the ST serves as an important ACL agonist, exercises that causes high levels of ST muscle activity after ACL-reconstruction, is of great interest to prevent ...
Huang H Y HY Heart Center, Cheng Hsin General Hospital, Pei-Tou, Taipei, - - 2014
Ventilatory equivalent (ventilation/CO2 production, Ve/Vco2) slope has been suggested to be a much more accurate predicator than peak oxygen consumption (Vo2) during exercise for prognosis in patients with heart failure. However, patients tested were predominately male. To investigate whether peak Vo2 and Ve/Vco2 slope predict the prognosis of female patients ...
Chen S-Y SY Department of Physical Medicine and Rehabilitation, National Taiwan University Hospital, Taipei, Taiwan; National Taiwan University College of Medicine, Taipei, - - 2014
Six-minute walk test (6MWT) is an important measure to assess the exercise capacity of cardiac patients. This study aimed to evaluate the correlations of 6MWT with findings of cardiopulmonary exercise testing (CPET), health-related quality of life (HRQoL), and obesity among heart transplantation recipients (HTR) at least 1 year after transplantation. ...
Duncan M J MJ Department of Biomolecular and Sports Sciences Coventry University, Coventry, UK - - - 2014
Aim: This study examined the impact of post activation potentiation on repeated sprint performance in trained Rugby Union players. Methods: Ten, male, professional Rugby Union players (mean age=25.2±5.02 years) performed 7, 30-meter sprints, separated by 25 seconds, 4 minutes following back squats (90% 1 repetition maximum) or a control condition ...
Lee Chae-Woo CW Department of Rehabilitation Science, Graduate School, Daegu University, Republic of - - 2014
[Purpose] The purpose of this study was to examine the influence of mat Pilates and apparatus Pilates on pain and static balance of businesswomen with chronic back pain. [Subjects and Methods] Participants were randomly allocated to Pilates mat exercises (PME) or Pilates apparatus exercise (PAE), and performed the appropriate Pilates ...
Cho Gyeong Hee GH Department of Physical Therapy, College of Rehabilitation Science, Daegu University, Republic of - - 2014
[Purpose] The objective of this study was to determine the effects of virtual reality-based balance training on balance of the elderly. [Methods] The subjects were 32 healthy elderly people aged between 65 and 80, who were divided into a VR (virtual reality) training group (n=17) and a control group (n=15). ...
Kim Dae-Young DY Department of Physiology, College of Medicine, Kyung Hee University, Republic of - - 2014
[Purpose] This study was conducted to determine the influence of Taekwondo as security martial arts training on anaerobic threshold, cardiorespiratory fitness, and blood lactate recovery. [Subjects and Methods] Fourteen healthy university students were recruited and divided into an exercise group and a control group (n = 7 in each group). ...
Kaux Jf J University Hospital of Liège, Liège, - - 2014
Even if eccentric exercises appear favourable in primary prevention of tendons lesions and, especially, in secondary prevention after tendinopathy, the biomechanical changes to the tissue are not yet clear. We aimed to better define the biomechanical changes that affect healthy tendon after eccentric and concentric training. Randomised controlled trial. Animal ...
Tschiesche Kevin K Medical Physics Group, Institute of Diagnostic and Interventional Radiology I, Jena University Hospital - Friedrich Schiller University Jena, Germany. Electronic address: - - 2014
A pneumatic MR-compatible pedal ergometer was designed to perform dynamic contraction exercises of the human calf muscle in a whole-body 3T MR scanner. The set-up includes sensors for monitoring mechanical parameters, such as pedal angle, cadence as well as applied force and power. Actual parameter values during the exercise were ...
Malmir K K Physical Therapy Department, Rehabilitation Faculty, Tehran University of Medical Sciences, Tehran, - - 2014
Although important, scarcely has been studied the viscoelastic behavior of ankle's lateral side. The aim of the present study was to assess the change in the viscoelastic behavior of this region during cyclic inversions. A quazi-experimental, repeated measures design. Laboratory research. 18 amateur healthy males. The participants underwent 40 cyclic ...
Ferreira Cristine H J CH Ribeirão Preto Medical School, Department of Biomechanics, Medicine and Rehabilitation, Physiotherapy Course, University of São Paulo, São Paulo, - - 2014
To assess whether maternal blood pressure (BP) and heart rate (HR) change significantly in response to pelvic floor muscle training during pregnancy. Longitudinal exploratory study with repeated measurements. Twenty-seven nulliparous healthy women of mean age 23.3 years (range 18-36) and mean body mass index 23.4 (range 23.1-29.5). Individual supervised pelvic ...
Karcher Claude C Laboratory of Exercise Physiology and Rehabilitation, EA 3300, Faculty of Sport Sciences, University of Picardie, Jules Verne, 80025, Amiens, France, - - 2014
The aim of this review is to provide the first comprehensive analysis of the various technical and physical on-court demands in elite male handball with respect to playing positions. While low-intensity activities such as standing still and walking represent the greater proportion of playing time (up to ~70 %), handball can ...
Guilkey Justin P JP a Human Performance Laboratory, Ball State University, Muncie, IN 47303, - - 2014
The purpose of this study was to examine the influence of postexercise parasympathetic modulation, measured by heart rate variability (HRV), on heart rate recovery (HRR) in boys (n = 13, 10.1 ± 0.8 years) and men (n = 13, 23.9 ± 1.5 years) following maximal and submaximal exercise. Subjects completed ...
Cheng Shih-Tsung ST Department of Cardiology, Taipei Tzu Chi Hospital, Buddhist Tzu Chi Medical Foundation, Taipei, Taiwan; School of Medicine, Tzu Chi University, Hualien, - - 2014
Patients with chronic obstructive pulmonary disease (COPD) appear to have impaired cardiac autonomic modulation with depressed heart rate variability (HRV). Pulmonary rehabilitation (PR) is recommended as an integral part of the management. However, the effect of PR on HRV at peak exercise remains unclear. Sixty-four patients with COPD participated in ...
Zanotto Tobia - - 2014
Investigations on how exercise and physical activity affects dual-task (DT) performance in the elderly are growing rapidly due to the fact that DT activities are commonplace with activities of daily living. Preliminary evidence has shown the benefit in exercise on DT balance, though it is unclear to what extent the ...
Johansson H H Physiotherapy, Department of Neuroscience, Uppsala University, Uppsala, Sweden. Electronic address: - - 2014
Respiratory symptoms during exercise are common and might limit adolescents' ability to take part in physical activity. To estimate the prevalence, determinants and consequences of exercise-induced dyspnea (EID) on daily life in a general population of 12-13 year old adolescents. A letter was sent to the parents of all 12-13 ...
López-Segovia Manuel M Research Section, Murcia Soccer Federation, Murcia, Spain. ; INNOVA Health & Sport Institute, Murcia, - - 2014
This study examined the relationship between lower body power and repeated as well as single sprint performance in soccer players. The performance of nineteen male soccer players was examined. The first testing session included the countermovement jump (CMJL) and the progressive full squat (FSL), both with external loads. Power in ...
Xu Song S Université de Lorraine, IADI, 54000, Nancy, France, - - 2014
The primary limitation of telesurgery is the communication latency. Accurate and detailed data are lacking to reveal the latency effects on surgical performance; furthermore, the maximum acceptable latency in telesurgery remains unclear. Sixteen medical students performed an energy dissection exercise and a needle-driving exercise on the robotic simulator dV-Trainer(®), and ...
Howard Luke S G E - - 2014
Patients with pulmonary arteriovenous malformations are unusual because hypoxemia results from right-to-left shunting, and not airway/alveolar disease. Their surprisingly well-preserved exercise capacity is not generally appreciated. To examine why exercise tolerance is preserved, cardiopulmonaryexercise tests were performed on air in 21 patients with radiologically-proven pulmonary arteriovenous malformations, including five restudied ...
Lopes Felipe A S FA Center for Biological and Health Science - University Presbyterian Mackenzie, São Paulo, - - 2014
The objective of this study was to verify the effect of active and passive recovery on blood lactate concentration and power performance. Twelve male subjects were submitted to a maximal strength test in the the bench press, a maximal aerobic test in the bench step, and to four sets of ...
Alkahtani Shaea A SA School of Exercise and Nutrition Sciences & Institute of Health and Biomedical Innovation, Queensland University of Technology, - - 2014
Compensatory responses may attenuate the effectiveness of exercise training in weight management. The aim of this study was to compare the effect of moderate- and high-intensity interval training on eating behaviour compensation. Using a cross-over design, 10 overweight and obese men participated in 4-week moderate- (MIIT) and high- (HIIT) intensity ...
Peçanha Tiago T Laboratory of Motor Assessment, Faculty of Physical Education and Sports, Federal University of Juiz de Fora, Minas Gerais, - - 2014
It has been shown that water intake (WI) improves post-exercise parasympathetic recovery after moderate-intensity exercise session. However, the potential cardiovascular benefit promoted by WI has not been investigated after high-intensity exercise. To assess the effects of WI on post-high-intensity parasympathetic recovery. Twelve recreationally active young men participated in the study ...
Greulich Timm - - 2014
Pulmonary rehabilitation has been demonstrated to improve exercise capacity, dyspnoea, quality of life and to reduce the adverse effects of acute exacerbations. Current guidelines recommend exercise training in patients with mild to very severe disease. However, there is insufficient data comparing the efficacy of different training approaches and intensities. Between ...
de Boer Sally S Green Lane Respiratory Services, Auckland City Hospital, Auckland, New - - 2014
Dyspnoea and exercise intolerance are common in sarcoidosis and are often poorly correlated with resting lung function. Measurement of peak exercise capacity is likely to be helpful in assessing and monitoring disease. The aim of this study was to compare the modified shuttle walk test (MSWT) to cardiopulmonary exercise test ...
Gandor Florin F Movement Disorders Clinic, Paracelsusring 6A, 14547, Beelitz-Heilstätten, Germany, - - 2014
Functional Popliteal Entrapment Syndrome (FPES) is caused by compression of neurovascular structures in the popliteal fossa by hypertrophic muscles, provoking severe leg pain with exercise. Treatment is limited to myotomy of hypertrophic musculature. 8 FPES patients underwent imaging and exercise studies, before receiving botulinum toxin A injections (BTX-A) into the ...
Halperin I I School of Human Kinetics and Recreation, Memorial University of Newfoundland, St. John's, NL, A1C 5S7, - - 2014
Pacing strategies have been reported to occur during continuous cyclical exercises. However, currently no studies have examined if pacing takes place during repeated maximal voluntary muscle contractions (MVCs). Accordingly, the purpose of this study was to examine if informing subjects on the number of MVCs they would perform would affect ...
Seo Dae Yun DY National Research Laboratory for Mitochondrial Signaling, Department of Physiology, College of Medicine, Department of Health Sciences and Technology, Cardiovascular and Metabolic Disease Center, Inje University, Bok Ji-Ro 75, Busanjin-Gu, Busan, 613-735, Republic of - - 2014
Exercise and physical activity function as a patho-physiological process that can prevent, manage, and regulate numerous chronic conditions, including metabolic syndrome and age-related sarcopenia. Because of research ethics and technical difficulties in humans, exercise models using animals are requisite for the future development of exercise mimetics to treat such abnormalities. ...
Jiang Xiao-Feng - - 2014
Objectives: Recent studies have suggested that rehabilitation therapy can accelerate functional recovery after a stroke. Although often overlooked, the cortical hemisphere contralateral to an infarction plays an important role. This study investigates alterations in metabolism of both the damaged ('ipsilateral') as well as the undamaged ('contralateral') hemisphere using (18)F-fluorodeoxyglucose (FDG)-micro-positron ...
Siebenmann C C Center for Integrative Human Physiology, Institute of Physiology, University of Zürich, Zürich, - - 2014
Several techniques assessing cardiac output (Q) during exercise are available. The extent to which the measurements obtained from each respective technique compares to one another, however, is unclear. We quantified Q simultaneously using four methods: the Fick method with blood obtained from the right atrium (QF ick- M ), Innocor ...
Franchini Emerson E 1School of Physical Education and Sport, University of São Paulo, Brazil; 2Faculty of Sports Sciences, University of Montpellier, - - 2014
To determine the most effective strength periodization model is important to improve judo athletes' performance. Thus, the aim of this study was to compare the effects of linear and daily undulating periodized resistance training on anthropometrical, strength and judo-specific performance. For this, 13 adult male judo athletes (LP = 6 ...
Porcelli Simone S 1National Research - - 2014
Patients with McArdle's disease (McA) typically show the "second wind" phenomenon, a sudden decrease in heart rate (HR) and an improved exercise tolerance occurring after a few minutes of exercise. In the present study we investigated whether in McA a first bout of exercise determines a second wind during a ...
Wang Hailin H Cardiovascular Health Laboratory, Capital University of Physical Education and Sports, 11 Bei San Huan Xi Road, Beijing, 100191, People's Republic of - - 2014
To examine and compare systemic arterial stiffness responses in humans to acute continuous and interval low-intensity exercise. Fifteen healthy young men (21.2 ± 0.4 years) underwent non-exercise control (CON), continuous exercise (CE), and interval exercise trial (IE) in a randomized balanced self-control crossover design. Systemic arterial stiffness (Cardio-ankle vascular index, CAVI) was measured ...
Cook Summer B SB Department of Kinesiology, University of New Hampshire, 124 Main Street, Durham, NH, 03824, USA, - - 2014
The aim of the study is to evaluate central and peripheral neuromuscular function in the knee extensors (KE) and plantar flexors (PF) after 30 days of unilateral lower limb suspension (ULLS) and to examine the effects of low-load blood flow restricted (BFR) resistance training on the KE during ULLS. Strength, cross-sectional ...
Jagoda Allison A Human Performance Laboratory, Clinical Exercise Physiology Program, Ball State University, Muncie, IN, - - 2014
The exercise test is a powerful non-invasive tool for risk stratifying patients with or suspected of having cardiovascular disease (CVD). Heart rate (HR) response during and following exercise has been extensively studied. However, the clinical utility of HR response at the onset of exercise is less understood. Furthermore, conflicting reports ...
Manotheepan Ravinea R Institute for Experimental Medical Research, Oslo University Hospital and University of Oslo, Oslo, Norway; KG Jebsen Cardiac Research Center and Center for Heart Failure Research, University of Oslo, Oslo, Norway. Electronic address: - - 2014
Ventricular arrhythmias (VAs) in patients with catecholaminergic polymorphic ventricular tachycardia type 1 (CPVT1) are triggered at an individual and reproducible heart rate (HR) during exercise. Long-term effects of exercise on arrhythmia threshold in CPVT1 are not known. To investigate whether exercise training (ET) is feasible in patients with CPVT1, 13 ...
Cooke Matthew B MB College of Health and Biomedicine, Victoria University, PO Box 14428, Melbourne, 8001, Australia, - - 2014
The present study evaluated the effects of creatine monohydrate (CrM) consumption post-exercise on body composition and muscle strength in middle to older males following a 12-week resistance training program. In a double-blind, randomized trial, 20 males aged between 55 and 70 years were randomly assigned to consume either CrM-carbohydrate (CHO) [20 g days(-1) ...
Medolago G G Nuclear Medicine Department, Bergamo, - - 2014
Clinical applicability of the appropriate use criteria for SPECT myocardial perfusion imaging has not yet been evaluated in Italy. We investigated the applicability of the Appropriate Use Criteria (AUC) in Italy. The indications for testing were prospectively recorded in three different nuclear cardiology laboratories: a general hospital, an academic hospital, ...
Ghanbari-Firoozabadi M M Yazd Cardiovascular Research Center, Shahid Sadoughi University of Medical Sciences, Yazd, - - 2014
Cardiac rehabilitation is a way of improving the quality life of heart failure patients. Determining the effect of physical activity on the quality of life of patients with heart failure. This study was conducted on 34 patients affected by heart failure with an ejection fraction of less than 40%. The ...
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