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Results 201 - 250 of 2341
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Sanguinetti Claudio M - - 2014
Chronic obstructive pulmonary disease (COPD) is characterized by persistent airflow limitation caused by bronchial alterations, small airways disease and parenchymal destruction. In patients with COPD the structural and functional lung alterations can progress more or less rapidly from the initial small airways disease to an overt COPD where a severe ...
Willis Erik A EA 1Cardiovascular Research Institute, Department of Internal Medicine, The University of Kansas Medical Center, Kansas City, KS; 2Health, Physical Education & Recreation, Augustana College, Sioux Falls, SD; 3Institute for Measurement, Methodology, Analysis, and Policy, Texas Tech University, Lubbock, - - 2014
To examine compensatory changes in non-exercise energy expenditure (NEEx) and non-exercise physical activity (NEPA) in response to an aerobic exercise training program. Ninety-two overweight/obese (BMI 25-39.9 kg[BULLET OPERATOR]m) sedentary young adults (18-30 years) completed a 10-month randomized clinical efficacy trial of aerobic exercise 5 d·wk at either 400 kcal·session (n=37), ...
Tschiesche Kevin K Medical Physics Group, Institute of Diagnostic and Interventional Radiology I, Jena University Hospital - Friedrich Schiller University Jena, Germany. Electronic address: - - 2014
A pneumatic MR-compatible pedal ergometer was designed to perform dynamic contraction exercises of the human calf muscle in a whole-body 3T MR scanner. The set-up includes sensors for monitoring mechanical parameters, such as pedal angle, cadence as well as applied force and power. Actual parameter values during the exercise were ...
Chen S-Y SY Department of Physical Medicine and Rehabilitation, National Taiwan University Hospital, Taipei, Taiwan; National Taiwan University College of Medicine, Taipei, - - 2014
Six-minute walk test (6MWT) is an important measure to assess the exercise capacity of cardiac patients. This study aimed to evaluate the correlations of 6MWT with findings of cardiopulmonary exercise testing (CPET), health-related quality of life (HRQoL), and obesity among heart transplantation recipients (HTR) at least 1 year after transplantation. ...
Huang H Y HY Heart Center, Cheng Hsin General Hospital, Pei-Tou, Taipei, - - 2014
Ventilatory equivalent (ventilation/CO2 production, Ve/Vco2) slope has been suggested to be a much more accurate predicator than peak oxygen consumption (Vo2) during exercise for prognosis in patients with heart failure. However, patients tested were predominately male. To investigate whether peak Vo2 and Ve/Vco2 slope predict the prognosis of female patients ...
Kim Dae-Young DY Department of Physiology, College of Medicine, Kyung Hee University, Republic of - - 2014
[Purpose] This study was conducted to determine the influence of Taekwondo as security martial arts training on anaerobic threshold, cardiorespiratory fitness, and blood lactate recovery. [Subjects and Methods] Fourteen healthy university students were recruited and divided into an exercise group and a control group (n = 7 in each group). ...
Lee Chae-Woo CW Department of Rehabilitation Science, Graduate School, Daegu University, Republic of - - 2014
[Purpose] The purpose of this study was to examine the influence of mat Pilates and apparatus Pilates on pain and static balance of businesswomen with chronic back pain. [Subjects and Methods] Participants were randomly allocated to Pilates mat exercises (PME) or Pilates apparatus exercise (PAE), and performed the appropriate Pilates ...
Cho Gyeong Hee GH Department of Physical Therapy, College of Rehabilitation Science, Daegu University, Republic of - - 2014
[Purpose] The objective of this study was to determine the effects of virtual reality-based balance training on balance of the elderly. [Methods] The subjects were 32 healthy elderly people aged between 65 and 80, who were divided into a VR (virtual reality) training group (n=17) and a control group (n=15). ...
Karcher Claude C Laboratory of Exercise Physiology and Rehabilitation, EA 3300, Faculty of Sport Sciences, University of Picardie, Jules Verne, 80025, Amiens, France, - - 2014
The aim of this review is to provide the first comprehensive analysis of the various technical and physical on-court demands in elite male handball with respect to playing positions. While low-intensity activities such as standing still and walking represent the greater proportion of playing time (up to ~70 %), handball can ...
Ferreira Cristine H J CH Ribeirão Preto Medical School, Department of Biomechanics, Medicine and Rehabilitation, Physiotherapy Course, University of São Paulo, São Paulo, - - 2014
To assess whether maternal blood pressure (BP) and heart rate (HR) change significantly in response to pelvic floor muscle training during pregnancy. Longitudinal exploratory study with repeated measurements. Twenty-seven nulliparous healthy women of mean age 23.3 years (range 18-36) and mean body mass index 23.4 (range 23.1-29.5). Individual supervised pelvic ...
Cheng Shih-Tsung ST Department of Cardiology, Taipei Tzu Chi Hospital, Buddhist Tzu Chi Medical Foundation, Taipei, Taiwan; School of Medicine, Tzu Chi University, Hualien, - - 2014
Patients with chronic obstructive pulmonary disease (COPD) appear to have impaired cardiac autonomic modulation with depressed heart rate variability (HRV). Pulmonary rehabilitation (PR) is recommended as an integral part of the management. However, the effect of PR on HRV at peak exercise remains unclear. Sixty-four patients with COPD participated in ...
Guilkey Justin P JP a Human Performance Laboratory, Ball State University, Muncie, IN 47303, - - 2014
The purpose of this study was to examine the influence of postexercise parasympathetic modulation, measured by heart rate variability (HRV), on heart rate recovery (HRR) in boys (n = 13, 10.1 ± 0.8 years) and men (n = 13, 23.9 ± 1.5 years) following maximal and submaximal exercise. Subjects completed ...
Xu Song S Université de Lorraine, IADI, 54000, Nancy, France, - - 2014
The primary limitation of telesurgery is the communication latency. Accurate and detailed data are lacking to reveal the latency effects on surgical performance; furthermore, the maximum acceptable latency in telesurgery remains unclear. Sixteen medical students performed an energy dissection exercise and a needle-driving exercise on the robotic simulator dV-Trainer(®), and ...
Howard Luke S G E - - 2014
Patients with pulmonary arteriovenous malformations are unusual because hypoxemia results from right-to-left shunting, and not airway/alveolar disease. Their surprisingly well-preserved exercise capacity is not generally appreciated. To examine why exercise tolerance is preserved, cardiopulmonaryexercise tests were performed on air in 21 patients with radiologically-proven pulmonary arteriovenous malformations, including five restudied ...
Zanotto Tobia - - 2014
Investigations on how exercise and physical activity affects dual-task (DT) performance in the elderly are growing rapidly due to the fact that DT activities are commonplace with activities of daily living. Preliminary evidence has shown the benefit in exercise on DT balance, though it is unclear to what extent the ...
Johansson H H Physiotherapy, Department of Neuroscience, Uppsala University, Uppsala, Sweden. Electronic address: - - 2014
Respiratory symptoms during exercise are common and might limit adolescents' ability to take part in physical activity. To estimate the prevalence, determinants and consequences of exercise-induced dyspnea (EID) on daily life in a general population of 12-13 year old adolescents. A letter was sent to the parents of all 12-13 ...
Lopes Felipe A S FA Center for Biological and Health Science - University Presbyterian Mackenzie, São Paulo, - - 2014
The objective of this study was to verify the effect of active and passive recovery on blood lactate concentration and power performance. Twelve male subjects were submitted to a maximal strength test in the the bench press, a maximal aerobic test in the bench step, and to four sets of ...
López-Segovia Manuel M Research Section, Murcia Soccer Federation, Murcia, Spain. ; INNOVA Health & Sport Institute, Murcia, - - 2014
This study examined the relationship between lower body power and repeated as well as single sprint performance in soccer players. The performance of nineteen male soccer players was examined. The first testing session included the countermovement jump (CMJL) and the progressive full squat (FSL), both with external loads. Power in ...
Gandor Florin F Movement Disorders Clinic, Paracelsusring 6A, 14547, Beelitz-Heilstätten, Germany, - - 2014
Functional Popliteal Entrapment Syndrome (FPES) is caused by compression of neurovascular structures in the popliteal fossa by hypertrophic muscles, provoking severe leg pain with exercise. Treatment is limited to myotomy of hypertrophic musculature. 8 FPES patients underwent imaging and exercise studies, before receiving botulinum toxin A injections (BTX-A) into the ...
Peçanha Tiago T Laboratory of Motor Assessment, Faculty of Physical Education and Sports, Federal University of Juiz de Fora, Minas Gerais, - - 2014
It has been shown that water intake (WI) improves post-exercise parasympathetic recovery after moderate-intensity exercise session. However, the potential cardiovascular benefit promoted by WI has not been investigated after high-intensity exercise. To assess the effects of WI on post-high-intensity parasympathetic recovery. Twelve recreationally active young men participated in the study ...
de Boer Sally S Green Lane Respiratory Services, Auckland City Hospital, Auckland, New - - 2014
Dyspnoea and exercise intolerance are common in sarcoidosis and are often poorly correlated with resting lung function. Measurement of peak exercise capacity is likely to be helpful in assessing and monitoring disease. The aim of this study was to compare the modified shuttle walk test (MSWT) to cardiopulmonary exercise test ...
Alkahtani Shaea A SA School of Exercise and Nutrition Sciences & Institute of Health and Biomedical Innovation, Queensland University of Technology, - - 2014
Compensatory responses may attenuate the effectiveness of exercise training in weight management. The aim of this study was to compare the effect of moderate- and high-intensity interval training on eating behaviour compensation. Using a cross-over design, 10 overweight and obese men participated in 4-week moderate- (MIIT) and high- (HIIT) intensity ...
Greulich Timm - - 2014
Pulmonary rehabilitation has been demonstrated to improve exercise capacity, dyspnoea, quality of life and to reduce the adverse effects of acute exacerbations. Current guidelines recommend exercise training in patients with mild to very severe disease. However, there is insufficient data comparing the efficacy of different training approaches and intensities. Between ...
Halperin I I School of Human Kinetics and Recreation, Memorial University of Newfoundland, St. John's, NL, A1C 5S7, - - 2014
Pacing strategies have been reported to occur during continuous cyclical exercises. However, currently no studies have examined if pacing takes place during repeated maximal voluntary muscle contractions (MVCs). Accordingly, the purpose of this study was to examine if informing subjects on the number of MVCs they would perform would affect ...
Seo Dae Yun DY National Research Laboratory for Mitochondrial Signaling, Department of Physiology, College of Medicine, Department of Health Sciences and Technology, Cardiovascular and Metabolic Disease Center, Inje University, Bok Ji-Ro 75, Busanjin-Gu, Busan, 613-735, Republic of - - 2014
Exercise and physical activity function as a patho-physiological process that can prevent, manage, and regulate numerous chronic conditions, including metabolic syndrome and age-related sarcopenia. Because of research ethics and technical difficulties in humans, exercise models using animals are requisite for the future development of exercise mimetics to treat such abnormalities. ...
Siebenmann C C Center for Integrative Human Physiology, Institute of Physiology, University of Zürich, Zürich, - - 2014
Several techniques assessing cardiac output (Q) during exercise are available. The extent to which the measurements obtained from each respective technique compares to one another, however, is unclear. We quantified Q simultaneously using four methods: the Fick method with blood obtained from the right atrium (QF ick- M ), Innocor ...
Porcelli Simone S 1National Research - - 2014
Patients with McArdle's disease (McA) typically show the "second wind" phenomenon, a sudden decrease in heart rate (HR) and an improved exercise tolerance occurring after a few minutes of exercise. In the present study we investigated whether in McA a first bout of exercise determines a second wind during a ...
Franchini Emerson E 1School of Physical Education and Sport, University of São Paulo, Brazil; 2Faculty of Sports Sciences, University of Montpellier, - - 2014
To determine the most effective strength periodization model is important to improve judo athletes' performance. Thus, the aim of this study was to compare the effects of linear and daily undulating periodized resistance training on anthropometrical, strength and judo-specific performance. For this, 13 adult male judo athletes (LP = 6 ...
Jiang Xiao-Feng - - 2014
Objectives: Recent studies have suggested that rehabilitation therapy can accelerate functional recovery after a stroke. Although often overlooked, the cortical hemisphere contralateral to an infarction plays an important role. This study investigates alterations in metabolism of both the damaged ('ipsilateral') as well as the undamaged ('contralateral') hemisphere using (18)F-fluorodeoxyglucose (FDG)-micro-positron ...
Wang Hailin H Cardiovascular Health Laboratory, Capital University of Physical Education and Sports, 11 Bei San Huan Xi Road, Beijing, 100191, People's Republic of - - 2014
To examine and compare systemic arterial stiffness responses in humans to acute continuous and interval low-intensity exercise. Fifteen healthy young men (21.2 ± 0.4 years) underwent non-exercise control (CON), continuous exercise (CE), and interval exercise trial (IE) in a randomized balanced self-control crossover design. Systemic arterial stiffness (Cardio-ankle vascular index, CAVI) was measured ...
Jagoda Allison A Human Performance Laboratory, Clinical Exercise Physiology Program, Ball State University, Muncie, IN, - - 2014
The exercise test is a powerful non-invasive tool for risk stratifying patients with or suspected of having cardiovascular disease (CVD). Heart rate (HR) response during and following exercise has been extensively studied. However, the clinical utility of HR response at the onset of exercise is less understood. Furthermore, conflicting reports ...
Cook Summer B SB Department of Kinesiology, University of New Hampshire, 124 Main Street, Durham, NH, 03824, USA, - - 2014
The aim of the study is to evaluate central and peripheral neuromuscular function in the knee extensors (KE) and plantar flexors (PF) after 30 days of unilateral lower limb suspension (ULLS) and to examine the effects of low-load blood flow restricted (BFR) resistance training on the KE during ULLS. Strength, cross-sectional ...
Manotheepan Ravinea R Institute for Experimental Medical Research, Oslo University Hospital and University of Oslo, Oslo, Norway; KG Jebsen Cardiac Research Center and Center for Heart Failure Research, University of Oslo, Oslo, Norway. Electronic address: - - 2014
Ventricular arrhythmias (VAs) in patients with catecholaminergic polymorphic ventricular tachycardia type 1 (CPVT1) are triggered at an individual and reproducible heart rate (HR) during exercise. Long-term effects of exercise on arrhythmia threshold in CPVT1 are not known. To investigate whether exercise training (ET) is feasible in patients with CPVT1, 13 ...
Cooke Matthew B MB College of Health and Biomedicine, Victoria University, PO Box 14428, Melbourne, 8001, Australia, - - 2014
The present study evaluated the effects of creatine monohydrate (CrM) consumption post-exercise on body composition and muscle strength in middle to older males following a 12-week resistance training program. In a double-blind, randomized trial, 20 males aged between 55 and 70 years were randomly assigned to consume either CrM-carbohydrate (CHO) [20 g days(-1) ...
Medolago G G Nuclear Medicine Department, Bergamo, - - 2014
Clinical applicability of the appropriate use criteria for SPECT myocardial perfusion imaging has not yet been evaluated in Italy. We investigated the applicability of the Appropriate Use Criteria (AUC) in Italy. The indications for testing were prospectively recorded in three different nuclear cardiology laboratories: a general hospital, an academic hospital, ...
Ghanbari-Firoozabadi M M Yazd Cardiovascular Research Center, Shahid Sadoughi University of Medical Sciences, Yazd, - - 2014
Cardiac rehabilitation is a way of improving the quality life of heart failure patients. Determining the effect of physical activity on the quality of life of patients with heart failure. This study was conducted on 34 patients affected by heart failure with an ejection fraction of less than 40%. The ...
Peterson Magnus M 1Department of Public Health and Caring Sciences, Uppsala University, Uppsala, - - 2014
Objective:To analyse treatment effects of eccentric vs. concentric graded exercise in chronic tennis elbow.Design:Randomized controlled trial.Setting:Primary care in Uppsala County, Sweden.Subjects:A total of 120 subjects with tennis elbow lasting more than three months were recruited from primary care and by advertisement.Intervention:Eccentric (n = 60) or concentric exercise (n = 60), ...
Sullivan S L SL Faculty of Veterinary Science, University of Melbourne, 250 Princes Highway, Werribee, Victoria, - - 2014
Exercise-induced pulmonary haemorrhage (EIPH) is associated with impaired short term performance but the consequences to the long term performance of Thoroughbred racehorses are unknown.The relationship between EIPH and long term performance has not been investigated. To determine the relationship between EIPH detected on a single occasion and long term athletic ...
Kooloos Jan G M JG Department of Anatomy, Radboud University Nijmegen Medical Centre, Nijmegen, The - - 2014
Clay modeling is increasingly used as a teaching method other than dissection. The haptic experience during clay modeling is supposed to correspond to the learning effect of manipulations during exercises in the dissection room involving tissues and organs. We questioned this assumption in two pretest-post-test experiments. In these experiments, the ...
Schmid Albrecht Ingo AI Center for Medical Physics and Biomedical Engineering, Medical University of Vienna, Währinger Gürtel 18-20, 1090, Wien, Austria; MR Centre of Excellence, Medical University of Vienna, Lazarettgasee 14, 1090, Wien, - - 2014
Skeletal muscle metabolism is impaired in disorders like diabetes mellitus or peripheral vascular disease. The skeletal muscle echo planar imaging (EPI) signal (SEPI ) and its relation to energy metabolism are still debated. Localised 31P MRS and SEPI data from gastrocnemius medialis of 19 healthy subjects were combined in one ...
Goosey-Tolfrey Victoria L VL The Peter Harrison Centre for Disability Sport, School of Sport, Exercise and Health Sciences, Loughborough University, Leicestershire, Loughborough, LE11 3TU, UK, - - 2014
To assess the validity of predicting peak oxygen uptake ([Formula: see text]) from differentiated ratings of perceived exertion (RPE) obtained during submaximal wheelchair propulsion. Three subgroups of elite male wheelchair athletes [nine tetraplegics (TETRA), nine paraplegics (PARA), eight athletes without spinal cord injury (NON-SCI)] performed an incremental speed exercise test ...
De Ridder E M D EM Department of Rehabilitation Sciences and Physical Therapy, Faculty of Medicine and Health Sciences, Ghent University, - - 2014
The present study examined the activity levels of the thoracic and lumbar extensor muscles during different extension exercise modalities in healthy individuals. Therefore, 14 subjects performed four different types of extension exercises in prone position: dynamic trunk extension, dynamic-static trunk extension, dynamic leg extension, and dynamic-static leg extension. Pre- and ...
Ehlken Nicola N Department of Pneumology, Thoraxclinic Heidelberg, Amalienstrasse 5, 69126, Heidelberg, Germany, - - 2014
Exercise training as an add-on to medical therapy has been shown to improve exercise capacity, quality of life, and possibly prognosis in patients with pulmonary hypertension (PH). The purpose of this study was to analyze the impact of exercise training on healthcare costs in PH. Estimated healthcare costs have been ...
Gerlinsky Carling D CD Department of Zoology, University of British Columbia, 2202 Main Mall, Vancouver, BC, V6T 1Z4, Canada, - - 2014
The diving ability of marine mammals is a function of how they use and store oxygen and the physiological control of ventilation, which is in turn dependent on the accumulation of CO2. To assess the influence of CO2 on physiological control of dive behaviour, we tested how increasing levels of ...
Batterham A M AM Teesside University, Health and Social Care Institute, Middlesbrough, - - 2014
/st>Evidence is limited for the effectiveness of interventions for survivors of critical illness after hospital discharge. We explored the effect of an 8-week hospital-based exercise-training programme on physical fitness and quality-of-life. /st>In a parallel-group minimized controlled trial, patients were recruited before hospital discharge or in the intensive care follow-up clinic ...
Müller Jan J Department of Pediatric Cardiology and Congenital Heart Disease, Deutsches Herzzentrum München, Technische Universität München, Germany. Electronic address: - - 2014
Percutaneous pulmonary valve implantation (PPVI) has emerged as a new approach to treat patients with dysfunctional pulmonary valve conduits. Short- and midterm results have outlined hemodynamic improvements and increase in exercise performance. However, there is a lack of knowledge about quality of life at short term follow-up. From July 2007 ...
Hoon Matthew W MW a School of Exercise and Sports Science, University of Sydney, Lidcombe, NSW, 2141, - - 2014
Consumption of inorganic nitrate (NO3(-)) is known to enhance endurance exercise performance in recreationally trained subjects. Here we report the effect on a high-intensity performance task in national-level cyclists. The performance test consisted of 2 cycle ergometer time trials of 4 min duration with 75 min between trials. In a ...
Nybo Lars L 1Department of Nutrition, Exercise and Sport Sciences, August Krogh Building, University of Copenhagen, Denmark and 2Team Denmark, House of Sport, Brondby, - - 2014
To investigate the physiological basis of continued world-class performance of a world-class rower who won medals (3 gold and 2 bronze) at five consecutive Olympic Games. From the age of 19 to 40 years, maximal oxygen uptake (VO2max), peak heart rate, blood lactate and rowing ergometer performance were assessed annually. ...
Miyamoto Naokazu N 1National Institute of Fitness and Sports in Kanoya, Kanoya, Kagoshima, Japan 2Faculty of Sport Sciences, Waseda University, Tokorozawa, Saitama, - - 2014
Existing studies have failed to provide evidence of a positive effect on exercise performance by wearing a compression short-tight covering only both thighs. This could be due to an inadequate pressure intensity that otherwise has a significant effect if applied on the crucial point in the thigh. This study aimed ...
Hug B B Swiss Federal Institute of Sport, Section for Elite Sport, Magglingen, - - 2014
The purpose of this study was to investigate changes in post-exercise heart rate recovery (HRR) and heart rate variability (HRV) during an overload-tapering paradigm in marathon runners and examine their relationship with running performance. 9 male runners followed a training program composed of 3 weeks of overload followed by 3 ...
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