Search Results
Results 201 - 250 of 2087
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Schreuder Henk W R HW Division of Women and Baby, Department of Reproductive Medicine and Gynaecology, University Medical Centre Utrecht, P.O. Box 85500, Room F05-126, 3508 GA Utrecht, The - - 2014
Objective. With the increase in robotic-assisted laparoscopic surgery there is a concomitant rising demand for training methods. The objective was to establish face and construct validity of a novel virtual reality simulator (dV-Trainer, Mimic Technologies, Seattle, WA) for the use in training of robot-assisted surgery. Methods. A comparative cohort study ...
Gavi Maria Bernadete Renoldi Oliveira MB Laboratory Assessment, Conditioning and Rehabilitation, Rheumatology Division, University Hospital of Federal University of Espirito Santo, Vitória-ES, - - 2014
Autonomic dysfunction is an important mechanism that could explain many symptoms observed in fibromyalgia (FM). Exercise is an effective treatment, with benefits potentially mediated through changes in autonomic modulation. Strengthening is one of the less studied exercises in FM, and the acute and chronic effects of strengthening on the autonomic ...
Padilla Concepción C Neuropsychology and Cognition group, Department of Psychology and Research Institute on Health Sciences, University of the Balearic Islands Palma de Mallorca, Spain ; Instituto de Investigación Sanitaria de Palma Palma de Mallorca, - - 2014
Padilla et al. (2013) recently showed that chronic aerobic exercise in young adults is associated with better inhibitory control as measured by the strategic Stop Signal Task (SST). The aim of the current study was to explore whether better inhibitory abilities, associated with high levels of physical fitness, were also ...
Song Qing-Hua QH The Center of Physical Health, Henan Polytechnic University Jiaozuo 454000, Henan Province, P. R. - - 2014
Observe the effect of Tai Chi exercise on the rehabilitation of elder patients suffered from the anxiety disorder. 32 elder patients suffered from the anxiety disorder are randomly divided into the experimental group and the control group and each of them consists of 16 patients. The control group only receives ...
Hoffman Amy J AJ College of Nursing, Michigan State University, East Lansing, MI, - - 2014
The objective of this pilot study was to describe the effects of a 16-week home-based rehabilitative exercise program on cancer-related fatigue (CRF), other symptoms, functional status, and quality of life (QOL) for patients with non-small cell lung cancer (NSCLC) after thoracotomy starting within days after hospital discharge and continuing through ...
Mbada Chidozie Emmanuel CE Department of Medical Rehabilitation, College of Health Sciences, Obafemi Awolowo University, Ile-Ife, - - 2014
Long-term Mechanical Low-Back Pain (LMLBP) negatively impacts on patients' physical capacity and quality of life. This study investigated the relationship between Health-Related Quality of Life (HRQoL) and pain intensity, and the influence of static and dynamic back extensors' endurance exercises on HRQoL in Nigerian patients with LMLBP treated with the ...
Schorr Gregory S GS Cascadia Research Collective, Olympia, Washington, United States of - - 2014
Cuvier's beaked whales (Ziphius cavirostris) are known as extreme divers, though behavioral data from this difficult-to-study species have been limited. They are also the species most often stranded in association with Mid-Frequency Active (MFA) sonar use, a relationship that remains poorly understood. We used satellite-linked tags to record the diving ...
Kellawan J Mikhail JM School of Kinesiology and Health Studies, Queen's University, Kingston, Ontario, - - 2014
No non-invasive test exists for forearm exercise that allows identification of power-time relationship parameters (W', critical power) and thereby identification of the heavy-severe exercise intensity boundary and scaling of aerobic metabolic exercise intensity. The aim of this study was to develop a maximal effort handgrip exercise test to estimate forearm ...
Wilkinson Daniel James DJ 1University of - - 2013
Quantification of muscle protein synthesis (MPS) remains a cornerstone to understanding the control of muscle mass. Traditional (13)C-amino-acid tracer methodologies necessitate sustained bed-rest and intravenous cannulation(s), restricting studies to ~12h, and thus cannot holistically inform on diurnal MPS. This limits insight into the regulation of habitual muscle metabolism in health, ...
Lin I M IM Department of Psychology, Kaohsiung Medical University, No 100, Shiquan 1st Rd., Kaohsiung City, 807, Taiwan. Electronic address: - - 2013
Prior studies have found that a breathing pattern of 6 or 5.5 breaths per minute (bpm) was associated with greater heart rate variability (HRV) than that of spontaneous breathing rate. However, the effects of combining the breathing rate with the inhalation-to-exhalation ratio (I:E ratio) on HRV indices are inconsistent. This ...
Davitt Patrick M PM 1Department of Nutritional Sciences, Rutgers University, New Brunswick, NJ, 08901. 2Department of Exercise Science and Sport Studies, Rutgers University, New Brunswick, NJ 08801, - - 2013
While both endurance (E) and resistance (R) exercise improve various health and fitness variables, there is still debate regarding the optimal ordering of these modes of exercise within a concurrent bout. The purpose of this study was to determine the effects of performing E before R (E-R) or R before ...
Allen Brett A BA J.E. Cosgriff Memorial Catholic School, 2334 Redondo Ave. Salt Lake City, Utah 84108, E-mail: ballen@cosgriff.org, Phone: 801-486-3197, Fax: 801-484-8270 Department of Exercise and Sport Science, University of Utah, College of Health, 250 S. 1850 E., HPER North RM 241, Salt Lake City Utah 84112, E-mail: james.hannon@hsc.utah.edu, Phone: 801-581-7646, Fax: 801-585-3992 Department of Exercise and Sport Science, University of Utah, College of Health, 250 S. 1850 E., HPER North RM 241, Salt Lake City, Utah 84112, E-mail: ryan.d.burns@utah.edu, Phone: 801-695-5693, Fax: 801-585-3992 School of Kinesiology and Recreation, Illinois State University, Campus Box 5120, Normal, IL 61790-5120, Email: swillia@ilstu.edu, Phone: 309-438-1114, Fax: - - 2013
Trunk and core muscular development has been advocated to increase athletic performance and for maintenance of musculoskeletal health, especially related to the prevention of low back pain (LBP). The purpose of this study was to examine the effects of a simple core conditioning routine on tests of trunk and core ...
Fuller L M LM Department of Physiotherapy, The Alfred, Melbourne, Vic., Australia; La Trobe University, Bundoora, Vic., - - 2013
Exercise rehabilitation is a key element of care following lung transplantation; however, little is known about the patients' experience of rehabilitation, or whether it meets the needs of this complex patient group. This qualitative study explored patients' expectations of a supervised exercise rehabilitation program following lung transplantation. Participants undertook two ...
Cholewa Jason J Department of Kinesiology Recreation and Sport Studies, Coastal Carolina University, Conway, - - 2013
Human muscle hypertrophy brought about by voluntary exercise in laboratorial conditions is the most common way to study resistance exercise training, especially because of its reliability, stimulus control and easy application to resistance training exercise sessions at fitness centers. However, because of the complexity of blood factors and organs involved, ...
Adams Jenny J Cardiac Rehabilitation Department, Baylor Hamilton Heart and Vascular Hospital, Dallas, Texas. Electronic address: - - 2013
Sternal precautions are intended to prevent complications after median sternotomy, but little data exist to support the consensus recommendations. To better characterize the forces on the sternum that can occur during everyday events, we conducted a prospective nonrandomized study of 41 healthy volunteers that evaluated the force exerted during bench ...
Patel Vimal V Inherited Cardiac Diseases Unit, The Heart Hospital, University College London, London, United - - 2013
Recovery in heart rate (HR) after exercise is a measure of autonomic function and a prognostic indicator in cardiovascular disease. The aim of this study was to characterize heart rate recovery (HRR) and to determine its relation to cardiac function and morphology in patients with hypertrophic cardiomyopathy (HC). We studied ...
Lima Cássia Borges CB Department of Physiology and Pharmacology, Universidade Federal de Pernambuco, 50670901, Recife, - - 2013
Physical exercise and excessive consumption of monosodium glutamate (MSG) can affect the morphological and electrophysiological organization of the brain during development. However, the interaction of both factors remains unclear. We analyzed the effect of this interaction on the excitability-related phenomenon known as cortical spreading depression (CSD) and the microglial reaction ...
Koppen Hille - - 2013
Sport as a migraine trigger has been reported, but extensive information on these triggered attacks and the patients experiencing these attacks is lacking. To investigate the lifetime prevalence of exercise triggered migraine attacks in migraine patients and if patients with exercise triggered attacks experience specific prodromal or ictal migraine symptoms. ...
Schreuder Tim H A TH Department of Physiology, Radboud University Nijmegen Medical Centre, Nijmegen, The Netherlands, - - 2013
Short-to-moderate duration exercise training improves fitness and lowers cardiovascular risk in type 2 diabetes (T2DM). However, the impact of long-term compliance to an active lifestyle of T2DM patients on cardiovascular risk factors has never been studied but could provide information on the maximal achievable health effect of physical activity in ...
Hsieh W-M WM Graduate Institute of Computer and Communication Engineering, National Taipei University of Technology, Taipei, Taiwan Department of Electronic Engineering, Hwa Hsia Institute of Technology, Taipei, - - 2013
Daily life movements require balance ability. Good balance control is closely related to body stability and its development. Therefore, balance training is necessary for any age group.OBJECTIVE: This study proposes the combination of Kinect and virtual reality to build an information platform of interactive scenarios, for practice and evaluation of ...
Armstrong Shelley Nicole SN College of Health Sciences, Walden University, Minneapolis, - - 2013
The purpose of this study was to evaluate a college's exercise leadership program, which was developed to help students, faculty and staff implement behavior changes necessary to begin and maintain a comprehensive exercise program. From 2006-2011, a total 66 subjects were recruited and each was assigned to a student exercise ...
Gutekunst Katrin K Department of Sports Medicine, Institute of Sports Sciences, Justus-Liebig-University, Giessen, Germany, - - 2013
Many endurance athletes complain about gastrointestinal (GI) symptoms. It is assumed that exercise-induced shift of perfusion with consecutive hypoperfusion of the enteral vascular system leads to an increased GI permeability and tissue damage. Therefore, the aim of the study was to investigate permeability, apoptosis, electrogenic ion transport (Isc), and tissue ...
Balducci Stefano S Metabolic Fitness Association, Monterotondo, Rome, Italy; Department of Clinical and Molecular Medicine, "La Sapienza" University, Rome, Italy; Diabetes Unit, Sant'Andrea Hospital, Rome, - - 2013
Many studies have highlighted the importance of physical activity for health and recent evidence now points to the positive improvements associated with exercise in type 2 diabetes mellitus (T2DM). However, few physicians are willing to prescribe exercise as a therapy for diabetic patients. In addition, there is a lack of ...
Barker Nicola J NJ Respiratory Medicine, Sheffield Children's NHS Foundation Trust, Sheffield, UK, S10 - - 2013
Dysfunctional breathing is described as chronic or recurrent changes in breathing pattern causing respiratory and non-respiratory symptoms. It is an umbrella term that encompasses hyperventilation syndrome and vocal cord dysfunction. Dysfunctional breathing affects 10% of the general population. Symptoms include dyspnoea, chest tightness, sighing and chest pain which arise secondary ...
McNamara Renae J RJ Clinical and Rehabilitation Sciences, Faculty of Health Sciences, The University of Sydney, Lidcombe, - - 2013
Land-based exercise training improves exercise capacity and quality of life in people with chronic obstructive pulmonary disease (COPD). Water-based exercise training is an alternative mode of physical exercise training that may appeal to the older population attending pulmonary rehabilitation programmes, those who are unable to complete land-based exercise programmes and ...
Rosenkilde M M Department of Biomedical Sciences, University of Copenhagen, Copenhagen, - - 2013
The effect of different doses of endurance training on the capacity to oxidize fat during exercise in sedentary, overweight men and assessment of variables associated with changes in peak fat oxidation (PFO) were evaluated. Young, sedentary, overweight men were randomized to either the high-dose (HIGH, 600 kcal/day, n = 17) or moderate-dose (MOD, ...
Mattar Melina Andrade MA From the *School of Medicine, Rheumatology Division; and †School of Physical Education and Sport, - - 2013
A growing number of studies have suggested that exercise may promote therapeutic effects in patients with idiopathic inflammatory myopathy. This prospective case series study aimed to report on the effects of exercise in patients with persistent active myositis. Three patients with persistent active polymyositis were submitted to a 12-week supervised ...
Moir Gavin L GL Exercise Science Department, East Stroudsburg University. - - 2013
The purpose of the present study was to investigate the effects of different configurations of repetitions within a set of deadlifts on the mechanical variables of concentric force, concentric time under tension, impulse, work, power, and fatigue. Eleven resistance trained men (age: 21.9 ± 1.0 years; deadlift 1 repetition maximum: ...
Sole Christopher J CJ East Tennessee State University, Center of Excellence for Sport Science and Coach Education, Johnson City, - - 2013
The purpose of this study was to determine the acute effects of heavy resistance exercise on agility performance in court-sport athletes. Five men (age: 20.6 ± 1.9 years; body mass: 79.36 ± 11.74 kg; body height: 1.93 ± 0.09 m) and five women (age 21.2 ± 2.7 years; body mass: ...
Liossis Loudovikos Dimitrios LD Department of Athletics, Deree, The American College of - - 2013
The purpose of this study was to examine the acute effect of upper body complex training on power output, as well as to determine the requisite preload intensity and intra-complex recovery interval needed to induce power output increases. Nine amateur-level combat/martial art athletes completed four distinct experimental protocols, which consisted ...
Romano Nuno N University of Trás-os-Montes and Alto Douro (UTAD), Vila Real, - - 2013
Exercise order is an essential variable of resistance training (RT) programs which is usually related to repetition performance. The purpose of this study was to investigate the acute effect of different resistance exercise order on the number of repetitions performed to failure and related ratings of perceived exertion (RPE). Thirteen ...
Jiang Dan D Department of Pharmacology, Laboratory of Aging and Nervous Diseases (SZS0703), Soochow University School of Pharmaceutical Science, Suzhou 215123, - - 2013
Aim:To study the roles of autophagy in muscle establishment during long-term exercise in mice.Methods:Female ICR mice were submitted to exercise training with a wheel running regimen: 6 m/min, 15 min/time, 3 times/d (on 8:00, 14:00, and 20:00), 5 d/week for 2 months. The mice were treated with the autophagy activator ...
Pullinger Samuel A SA Research Institute for Sport and Exercise Sciences, Liverpool John Moores University , Liverpool , - - 2013
In active males, muscle force production and short-term (<6 s) anaerobic performance are significantly greater in the evening compared with the morning. This diurnal variation is attributed to motivational, peripheral and central factors, and possibly the higher core and muscle temperatures observed in the evening. However, little is known regarding whether ...
Thomas Jf J Department of Kinesiology and Health Studies, Southeastern Louisiana University, Hammond, LA - - 2013
Prevailing interest in the use of kettlebell (KB) exercises for rehabilitation as well as improvement of muscular strength has led to several recent studies, some suggesting that KB exercise may be useful for improvement of cardiorespiratory fitness. The purpose of the study was to determine whether KB exercise would produce ...
Kristiansen M S MS Institute of Sports Medicine, Department of Orthopedic Surgery M, Bispebjerg Hospital and Center for Healthy Ageing, Faculty of Health Sciences, University of Copenhagen, Copenhagen, - - 2013
This study investigated how one bout (1EX) and three bouts (3EX) of strenuous resistance exercise affected the cross-sectional area (CSA) and water content (WC) of the quadriceps muscle and patella tendon (PT), 4 h and 52 h after the last exercise bout. Ten healthy untrained male subjects performed 1EX with one leg ...
Bonini Matteo M 1 Asthma Research Center, Brigham and Women's Hospital, Harvard Medical School, Boston, Massachusetts; - - 2013
β2-Agonists are the treatment of choice for exercise-induced bronchoconstriction (EIB) and act through specific receptors (ADRB2). Arg16Gly polymorphisms have been shown to affect responses to regular use of β2-agonists. To evaluate the influence of the Arg16Gly receptor polymorphism on salmeterol bronchoprotection in EIB and assess predictors of bronchoprotection. A prospective, ...
Magrì Damiano D Department of Clinical and Molecular Medicine, 'Sapienza' Università degli Studi di Roma, Roma, - - 2013
An independent role for the exercise-induced heart rate (HR) response-and specifically the chronotropic incompetence (CI)-in the prognosis of heart failure (HF) is still debated. The multicentre study reported here sought to investigate the prognostic values of HR and CI variables on cardiovascular mortality in a large cohort of systolic HF ...
Zlebnik Natalie E NE Graduate Program in Neuroscience, Jackson Hall, 321 Church St. SE, University of MN, Minneapolis, MN 55455, USA; Department of Psychiatry, Diehl Hall, 505 Essex St. SE, University of MN, Minneapolis, MN 55455, USA. Electronic address: - - 2013
Emerging evidence from human and animal studies suggests that exercise is a highly effective treatment for drug addiction. However, most work has been done in behavioral models, and the effects of exercise on the neurobiological substrates of addiction have not been identified. Specifically, it is unknown whether prior exercise exposure ...
Mola Jameson J 1Southampton Solent University, Southampton - - 2013
Resistance exercise may acutely enhance muscle contractile activity which is known as postactivation potentiation (PAP). PAP augments important skills that require power production that are necessary during soccer performance. The aim of this study was to determine the optimal recovery time to elicit PAP following a bout of high-intensity resistance ...
Samani Afshin A Laboratory for Ergonomics and Work-related Disorders, Center for Sensory-Motor Interaction (SMI), Department of Health Science and Technology, Aalborg University, Fredrik Bajers Vej 7 D-3, 9220 Aalborg East, Denmark. Electronic address: - - 2013
The aim of this study was to compare the capability of a cluster-based exposure variation (C-EVA) with a conventional exposure variation analysis (EVA) to detect muscular adaptation in the shoulder joint to subsequent sessions of eccentric exercise (ECC). Eleven healthy subjects performed work with a computer mouse for 10min at ...
Cortes N N Sports Medicine Assessment, Research & Testing (SMART) Laboratory, George Mason University, USA. Electronic address: - - 2013
When individuals perform purposeful actions to fatigue, there is typically a general decline in their movement performance. This study was designed to investigate the effects exercise-induced fatigue has on lower limb kinetics and kinematics during a side-step cutting task. In particular, it was of interest to determine what changes could ...
Fischer Gabriela - - 2013
To investigate the impact of respiratory muscle endurance training (RMET) on lung function and exercise performance in athletes with high lesion level paraplegia. This was a case-control intervention study. Sport and exercise science laboratories and bike path. Twelve competitive handbike athletes with high lesion level paraplegia matched by lesion and ...
Dishman Rod K - - 2013
This study aimed to test experiential and behavioral processes of change as mediators of the prediction of exercise behavior by two self-regulation traits, self-efficacy and self-motivation, while controlling for exercise enjoyment. Structural equation modeling was applied to questionnaire responses obtained from a diverse sample of participants. Objective measures defined adherence ...
Yano T - - 2013
The purpose of the present study was to examine how end tidal CO2 pressure (PETCO2) is controlled in impulse exercise. After pre-exercise at 25 watts for 5 min, impulse exercise for 10 sec with 200 watts followed by post exercise at 25 watts was performed. Ventilation (V̇E) significantly increased until ...
Buckingham G G Department of Psychology, School of Life Sciences, Heriot-Watt University, David Brewster Building, Edinburgh, EA14 4AS, UK, - - 2013
In the size-weight illusion (SWI), large objects feel lighter than equally weighted small objects. In the present study, we investigated whether this powerful weight illusion could influence real-lift behavior-namely, whether individuals would perform more bicep curls with a dumbbell that felt subjectively lighter than with an identically weighted, but heavier-feeling, ...
Forbes Dorothy - - 2013
This is an update of our previous 2008 review. Several recent trials and systematic reviews of the impact of exercise on people with dementia are reporting promising findings.  OBJECTIVES: Primary: Do exercise programs for older people with dementia improve cognition, activities of daily living (ADLs), challenging behaviour, depression, and mortality ...
Snijders Tim - - 2013
Skeletal muscle satellite cells (SCs) play an important role in the myogenic adaptive response to exercise. It remains to be established whether nutrition plays a role in SC activation in response to exercise. In the present study, we assessed whether dietary protein alters the SC response to a single bout ...
Harada Kazuhiro K Section for Physical Function Activation, National Center for Geriatrics and Gerontology, Obu, - - 2013
This study aimed to examine the association of muscle-strengthening activity with knee and low back pain, falls, and health related quality of life among Japanese older adults. A cross-sectional survey targeted 3000people. The response rate was 52% and 208 respondents did not meet the inclusion criteria. Therefore, 1351 individuals were ...
Schmitz Randy J RJ Applied Neuromechanics Research Laboratory, Department of Kinesiology, University of North Carolina at Greensboro, Greensboro, - - 2013
Potential biomechanical compensations allowing for maintenance of maximal explosive performance during prolonged intermittent exercise, with respect to the corresponding rise in injury rates during the later stages of exercise/competition, are relatively unknown. To identify lower extremity countermovement jump (CMJ) biomechanical factors using a Principal Components approach, and then examine how ...
Sugimoto Hiroe - - 2013
The present study clarifies the effects of participation in a preventative health classroom program (exercise program) for 1 year on the physical functions of pre-frail elderly individuals in comparison with healthy elderly individuals. Participants in the study included 28 elderly pre-frail female participants and 28 elderly healthy female participants. Participants ...
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