Search Results
Results 201 - 250 of 2391
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Lyden Kate K Dept of Kinesiology, University of Massachusetts, Amherst, - - 2014
Physical activity and sedentary behavior measurement tools need to be validated in free-living settings. Direct observation (DO) may be an appropriate criterion for these studies. However, it is not known if trained observers can correctly judge the absolute intensity of free-living activities. To compare DO estimates of total MET-hours and ...
Sousa Nelson N Research Center in Sport Sciences, Health Sciences and Human Development, University of Trás-os-Montes e Alto Douro, Vila - - 2014
The present randomized controlled trial evaluated the impact of different exercise training modalities on functional fitness responses in apparently healthy older men. A total of 59 community-dwelling older men were randomly assigned to an aerobic training group (ATG, n = 19), a combined aerobic and resistance training group (CTG, n = 20) or a ...
de Groot S S 1] Amsterdam Rehabilitation Research Center|Reade, Amsterdam, The Netherlands [2] University of Groningen, University Medical Center Groningen, Center for Human Movement Sciences, Groningen, The - - 2014
Study design:Cross-sectional analyses.Objectives:To analyze exercise intensity during a mountain time trial in handcycling and to determine predictors of race time.Setting:Eight Dutch rehabilitation centers and Austrian mountain.Methods:Forty participants with spinal cord injury (SCI; high lesion level (>T6): N=11; low lesion level (⩽T6): N=29) handcycled a 20.2-km mountain time trial. Heart rate ...
Vincent H K HK Department of Orthopaedics and Rehabilitation, Interdisciplinary Center for Musculoskeletal Training and Research, Divisions of Research, Physical Medicine & Rehabilitation, and Sports Medicine, Gainesville, FL, USA - - - 2014
The purposes of this study were to compare the oxygen cost, metabolic parameters and temporalspatial variables between barefoot and shod running in trained mid-forefoot runners. Experienced runners (N=21; 30.0±10.9 years; 16 men) performed two separate 20 minute treadmill running bouts at ~77% of estimated maximal heart rate. Rate of oxygen ...
Beutner Frank F LIFE - Leipzig Research Center for Civilization Diseases, Medical Faculty, University Leipzig, Leipzig, - - 2014
Physical exercise capacity has been shown to predict cardiovascular disease incidence and is increasingly measured in epidemiological studies. However, direct measurement of peak oxygen uptake is too time consuming in large-scale studies. We therefore investigated whether a brief 3-minute step-test protocol can be used to estimate peak oxygen uptake in ...
Wu Yongyao Y Beilun People's Hospital (Beilun Branch of the First Affiliated Hospital, Zhejiang University School of Medicine), Ningbo, - - 2014
To investigate the effect of individualized exercise on exercise capacity and health-related quality of life (HRQoL) in uraemic patients during maintenance haemodialysis (MHD). Patients receiving MHD were divided randomly into a test group, who underwent recumbent cycling exercise during dialysis, and a control group, who performed simple stretching exercises. The ...
Pianosi Paolo T PT Department of Pediatric and Adolescent Medicine, Mayo Clinic, Rochester, MN, 55905. Electronic address: - - 2014
Children and adolescents vary widely in their perception of, or capacity to rate, sensations during exercise using the Borg scale. We sought to measure sensory-perceptual responses obtained using Dalhousie Dyspnea and Perceived Exertion Scales in 79 pediatric subjects during maximal exercise challenge and to determine the psychophysical function relationship(s). Concurrent ...
Taylor Rod S RS Institute of Health Research, University of Exeter Medical School, Exeter, UK, EX2 - - 2014
Previous systematic reviews and meta-analyses consistently show the positive effect of exercise-based rehabilitation for heart failure (HF) on exercise capacity; however, the direction and magnitude of effects on health-related quality of life, mortality and hospital admissions in HF remain less certain. This is an update of a Cochrane systematic review ...
McNarry M A MA College of Engineering, Swansea University, Singleton Park, Swansea, SA2 8PP, Wales, UK, - - 2014
The presence of a maturational threshold that modulates children's physiological responses to exercise training continues to be debated, not least due to a lack of longitudinal evidence to address this question. The purpose of this study was to investigate the interaction between swim-training status and maturity in nineteen trained (T, ...
Zaniqueli Divanei D a Department of Physiological Sciences, Federal University of Espírito Santo, Avenida Marechal Campos 1468, Maruipe, Vitoria, Espirito Santo 29042-751, - - 2014
It has been suggested that the increase in heart rate (HR) at the onset of exercise is caused by vagal withdrawal. In fact, endurance runners show a lower HR in maximum aerobic tests. However, it is still unknown whether endurance runners have a lower HR at 4 s after the ...
Gallagher Carla A CA Department of Sport and Exercise Sciences, University of Chichester, College Lane, Chichester, West Sussex, PO19 6PE, - - 2014
This study investigated the response of the ventilatory threshold (VT) to acute normobaric hypoxia and compared the agreement between software-based algorithms which use automatic detection to identify the VT. Results were used to examine whether the VT can be used as a physiological parameter to prescribe and monitor exercise intensity ...
Rodio Angelo A a Department of Human Sciences, Society and Health , University of Cassino e Southern Lazio , Cassino (FR) , - - 2014
Abstract Walking is the most natural physical activity to maintain and improve fitness and health. Walking downhill is usefully adopted to plan training programmes to improve the strength, particularly in older adults. The present research was aimed to evaluate the influence of downhill walking on leg strength in young adult. ...
Keller Betsy A - - 2014
Myalgic Encephalomyelitis/Chronic Fatigue Syndrome (ME/CFS) is a multi-system illness characterized, in part, by increased fatigue following minimal exertion, cognitive impairment, poor recovery to physical and other stressors, in addition to other symptoms. Unlike healthy subjects and other diseased populations who reproduce objective physiological measures during repeat cardiopulmonary exercise tests (CPETs), ...
Fransen Marlene M Faculty of Health Sciences, University of Sydney, Room 0212, Cumberland Campus C42, Sydney, New South Wales, Australia, - - 2014
Current international treatment guidelines recommending therapeutic exercise for people with symptomatic hip osteoarthritis (OA) report are based on limited evidence. To determine whether land-based therapeutic exercise is beneficial for people with hip OA in terms of reduced joint pain and improved physical function and quality of life. We searched five ...
Li Yan Y Center of Clinical Pharmacology, Key Laboratory of Clinical Trial Research in Cardiovascular Drugs, Ministry of Health, State Key Laboratory of Cardiovascular Diseases, Fuwai Hospital, National Center for Cardiovascular Diseases, Chinese Academy of Medical Sciences and Peking Union Medical College, Beijing, - - 2014
The aim of this study was to assess the efficacy and safety of ivabradine (Iva) noninferiority to atenolol (Aten) in Chinese patients with chronic stable angina pectoris. In this double-blind, double-dummy trial, patients with symptomatic angina pectoris and positive exercise tolerance test were randomized into the Iva [5 or 7.5 mg ...
Minogue Conor M CM School of Electrical, Electronic and Communications Engineering, University College, Dublin, Ireland. Electronic address: - - 2014
To evaluate the time course of fatigue in torque output and oxygen uptake during isometric sub-tetanic neuromuscular electrical stimulation (NMES) in order to facilitate the design of NMES based rehabilitation protocols that can accumulate a defined aerobic exercise volume within a given time period. Single arm intervention study with within-subject ...
Barker Anna Lucia AL Health Services Research Unit, Centre for Research Excellence in Patient Safety, Division of Health Services and Global Health Research, Department of Epidemiology and Preventive Medicine, School of Public Health and Preventive Medicine, Monash University, Melbourne, Victoria, Australia. Electronic address: - - 2014
To investigate the effectiveness of aquatic exercise in the management of musculoskeletal conditions. A systematic review was conducted using Ovid MEDLINE, CINAHL, EMBASE, and The Cochrane Central Register of Controlled Trials from earliest record to May 2013. Randomized controlled trials (RCTs) and quasi-randomized controlled trials evaluating aquatic exercise for adults ...
Huang Kevin - - 2014
In the physical therapy setting, physical therapists (PTs) often prescribe exercises for their clients to perform at home. However, it is difficult for PTs to obtain information about their clients' compliance with the prescribed exercises, the quality of performance and symptom magnitude. We present an iPod-based system for capturing this ...
Pearsall Robert - - 2014
Individuals with serious mental illness are at a higher risk of physical ill health. Mortality rates are at least twice those of the general population with higher levels of cardiovascular disease, metabolic disease, diabetes, and respiratory illness. Although genetics may have a role in the physical health problems of these ...
Logan Greig R M GR Auckland University of Technology, Human Potential Centre, AUT Millennium Campus, 17 Antares Place, Level 2, Rosedale, Private Bag 92006, Auckland, New Zealand, - - 2014
Despite the promising evidence supporting positive effects of high-intensity interval training (HIIT) on the metabolic profile in adults, there is limited research targeting adolescents. Given the rising burden of chronic disease, it is essential to implement strategies to improve the cardiometabolic health in adolescence, as this is a key stage ...
Hüttermann Stefanie S Institute of Cognitive and Team/Racket Sport Research, German Sport University Cologne. Electronic address: - - 2014
A number of studies document that physical exercise influences cognitive performance in a variety of ways. Some of these studies present the relationship between the workload of exercise and the activation level of the central nervous system as an inverted-U relationship. Among the factors that could be responsible for diverging ...
Fowler P P School of Human Movement Studies, Charles Sturt University, Bathurst, New South Wales, - - 2014
The present study examined effects of simulated air travel on physical performance. In a randomized crossover design, 10 physically active males completed a simulated 5-h domestic flight (DOM), 24-h simulated international travel (INT), and a control trial (CON). The mild hypoxia, seating arrangements, and activity levels typically encountered during air ...
Suminski Richard R Department of Physiology, Kansas City University of Medicine and Biosciences, Kansas City, - - 2014
Non-significant findings are reported in approximately half of the studies examining correlations between environmental characteristics and walking. One reason could involve spatial incongruence in which environments examined are not necessarily the ones where the behavior occurred. To study correlates of perceived neighborhood size and the congruence between perceived and investigator ...
Schneider Margaret M Department of Planning Policy and Design, University of California at - - 2014
Little information exists as to the exercise intensity that adolescents enjoy and whether identifiable subgroups of adolescents will choose higher-intensity exercise. Healthy adolescents (N = 74; mean age = 11.09) completed a cardiorespiratory fitness test, a moderate-intensity exercise task, and an exercise task at an intensity that felt "good". Heart ...
Kouvelioti R R Department of Nutritional Sciences, School of Biosciences, University of Nottingham, UK - - - 2014
Overweight and obesity are widespread nutritional disorders. Their treatment aims at effective weight loss (WL) and weight loss maintenance (WLM). Previous systematic reviews show weight regain, after recommended exercise and diet combined. However, certain experimental and methodological inconsistencies in the original studies and in these reviews left space for a ...
Kraaijenga S A C SA aDepartment of Head and Neck Oncology and Surgery, The Netherlands Cancer Institute, Plesmanlaan bInstitute of Phonetic Sciences, University of Amsterdam, Spuistraat cDepartment of Oral and Maxillofacial Surgery, Academic Medical Center, Meibergdreef, Amsterdam, The - - 2014
Dysphagia, or swallowing impairment, is a serious sequel of head and neck cancer (HNC) and its treatment. This review focuses on the rapidly growing literature published during the past 2 years about the current assessment and treatment strategies of dysphagia in HNC patients. Functional swallowing assessment has become standard of ...
Weinrich Michael M 1Eunice Kennedy Shriver National Institute for Child Health and Human Development, Bethesda, MD, - - 2014
Although only a small proportion of older adults in the United States engage in recommended amounts of physical exercise, the health benefits of exercise for this population and the potential for lowering health care costs are substantial. However, access to regular exercise programs for the frail elderly and individuals with ...
Novak Domen - - 2014
Several strategies have been proposed to improve patient motivation and exercise intensity during robot-aided stroke rehabilitation. One relatively unexplored possibility is two-player gameplay, allowing subjects to compete or cooperate with each other to achieve a common goal. In order to explore the potential of such games, we designed a two-player ...
D'Agosto T T Laboratory of Motor Assessment, Faculty of Physical Education and Sports, Federal University of Juiz de Fora, Minas Gerais, - - 2014
Analyzes of cardiac autonomic responses at the initial transient of exercise have been used for the investigation of the cardiovascular health. We evaluated the influence of aerobic fitness on HR and HRV responses at the onset of exercise. 25 male subjects (22.3±2.4 years) were divided into 2 groups: 'low aerobic ...
Picanço Luan Merseburger LM 1Federal University of Pelotas, Email: luanmp@hotmail.com 2Federal University of Pelotas, Adress: Dona Mariana street, 362 - A. Centro, Pelotas/RS - Brazil. Cep: 96010-450, Fone: +55 (53) 3225-3848, E-mail: marcelo.dsvaz@gmail.com 3Federal University of Pelotas, E-mail: - - 2014
The aim of this study was to investigate the autonomic nervous system (ANS) recovery and the psychological response as a result of three training amplitudes on heart rate (HR), heart rate variability (HRV), and rate of perceived exertion (RPE) in rowing. Eight young rowers (16.8 ± 1.4 years) performed, in ...
Adams William M WM Korey Stringer Institute; Human Performance Laboratory; Department of Kinesiology, University of Connecticut, Storrs, - - 2014
The purpose of this review was to compare the changes in heart rate (HR) for every1% change in body mass loss (ΔBML) in individuals while exercising in the heat. PubMed, SPORTDiscus, ERIC, CINAHL, and Scopus were searched from earliest entry to February 2013 using the search terms dehydration, heart rate, ...
Banzer W W Department of Sports Medicine, Goethe-University, Frankfurt am Main, - - 2014
The study explored the interdependence of changes in oxygen uptake, quality of life and cancer-related side-effect fatigue during a 4-month exercise intervention. Participants were during adjuvant (curative) or palliative therapy and post-adjuvant therapy (finished within the previous 12 months). Aerobic exercise capacity (VO2 peak), quality of life and fatigue symptom ...
Russell Mark M Health and Life Sciences, Northumbria University, Newcastle-upon-Tyne, UK, - - 2014
The use of nutritional ergogenic aids in team sports such as soccer is now commonplace. Aligned with the primary aim of soccer, which is to score more goals than the opposition within the allotted time, the quality of performance of technical actions (i.e., skills) executed during soccer-specific exercise is likely ...
Bessa Bruno B Medical Sciences Postgraduate Program, Fluminense Federal University (UFF), Niterói-RJ, - - 2014
Few studies have examined the role of resistance training (RT) in chronic kidney patients on hemodialysis (HD). This study reviews the literature about resistance exercise for patients on HD and describes protocols and clinical outcomes. A search of the MEDLINE database found 21 eligible publications, of which 14 studies applied ...
Burrows Raquel R Institute of Nutrition and Food Technology, University of Chile, Santiago, - - 2014
This study was carried out to examine the association between systematic physical activity and academic performance in school kids after controlling for potential sociodemographic and educational confounders. In a random sample of 1,271 students from urban Santiago, attending 5th and 9th grade, who took the 2009 SIMCE tests, we measured ...
Ferrar Katia K Exercise for Health and Human Performance Group, Sansom Institute, School of Health Sciences, University of South Australia, Adelaide, - - 2014
Many equations to predict maximal oxygen uptake (VO2max) from submaximal exercise tests have been proposed for young people, but the composition and accuracy of these equations vary greatly. The purpose of this systematic review was to analyse all submaximal exercise-based equations to predict VO2max measured via direct gas analysis for ...
Ellis Denine D University of Toronto, Toronto, ON, - - 2014
The strength of time-dependent correlations known as stride interval (SI) dynamics has been proposed as an indicator of neurologically healthy gait. Most recently, it has been hypothesized that these dynamics may be necessary for gait efficiency although the supporting evidence to date is scant. The current study examines over-ground SI ...
Halouani Jamel J a Tunisian Research Laboratory "Sports Performance Optimisation" , National Centre of Medicine and Science in Sports Tunis - El Menzah , - - 2014
Abstract Small-sided games (SSGs) are effective for soccer-specific aerobic endurance training. To date, no study has investigated the effect of stop-ball (SB-SSG) rule on the physiological responses to SSG. Therefore, the purpose of the present study was to examine the effects of SB-SSG vs. small-goals (SG-SSG) rules on physiological responses ...
Miller Kevin C KC a School of Rehabilitation and Medical Sciences , Central Michigan University , Mt Pleasant , MI , - - 2014
Abstract Golgi tendon organ disinhibition may contribute to exercise-associated muscle cramp (henceforth referred to as "cramps") genesis. Static stretching pre-exercise is prescribed to prevent cramps based on the assumption golgi tendon organ inhibition remains elevated post-stretching. We determined whether stretching increased gastrocnemius golgi tendon organ inhibition and, if so, the ...
Laubacher Marco M Division of Mechanical Engineering, Department of Engineering and Information Technology, Institute for Rehabilitation and Performance Technology, Bern University of Applied Sciences , Burgdorf , Switzerland , - - 2014
Abstract Purpose: Robotics-assisted tilt-table (RTT) technology allows neurological rehabilitation therapy to be started early thus alleviating some secondary complications of prolonged bed rest. This study assessed the feasibility of a novel work-rate-guided RTT approach for cardiopulmonary training and assessment in patients with incomplete spinal cord injury (iSCI). Methods: Three representative ...
Smith Ashleigh E AE Sansom Institute for Health Research, School of Health Sciences, University of South Australia, Adelaide, SA, - - 2014
Peak oxygen uptake (VO2peak) is reliably predicted in young and middle-aged adults using a submaximal perceptually-regulated exercise test (PRET). It is unknown whether older adults can use a PRET to accurately predict VO2peak. In this study, the validity of a treadmill-based PRET to predict VO2peak was assessed in 24 participants ...
Kilianski Andy A Andy Kilianski, PhD, is National Research Council Fellow, BioSciences Division, Edgewood Chemical and Biological Center , Aberdeen Proving Ground, Edgewood, Maryland. Amy T. O'Rourke, MPH, MEP, is Emergency Response Coordinator; Crystal L. Carlson, MPH, MEP, is Emergency Response Coordinator and Interim MRC Coordinator; and Frankie Shipman-Amuwo, MPH, is Interim Director; all in the Emergency Preparedness and Response Unit, Cook County Department of Public Health, Oak Forest, Illinois. Shannon M. Parikh, JD, MPH, is Manager of Regulatory and Safety Compliance, Department of Accreditation and Regulatory Compliance, Sinai Health System, Chicago, - - 2014
Increasing threats of bioterrorism and the emergence of novel disease agents, including the recent international outbreaks of H7N9 influenza and MERS-CoV, have stressed the importance and highlighted the need for public health preparedness at local, regional, and national levels. To test plans that were developed for mass prophylaxis scenarios, in ...
Afroundeh R R Department of Human Development Science, Faculty of Education, Hokkaido University, Sapporo, Japan. - - 2014
Time delay in the mediation of ventilation (V(.)E) by arterial CO(2) pressure (PaCO(2)) was studied during recovery from short impulse-like exercises with different work loads of recovery. Subjects performed two tests including 10-sec impulse like exercise with work load of 200 watts and 15-min recovery with 25 watts in test ...
Cabral L F LF Physical Therapy School, Federal University of Juiz de Fora, Brazil - - - 2014
Although pursed-lip breathing (PLB) has been advocated to reduce respiratory rate and improve oxygen saturation in patients with chronic obstructive pulmonary disease (COPD) at rest, the evidence of its effects on dynamic hyperinflation (DH) and exercise tolerance is scarce. To evaluate the effect of PLB on exercise tolerance, breathing pattern, ...
Beach Tyson A C TA a Faculty of Kinesiology and Physical Education , University of Toronto , Toronto , - - 2014
The impact of exercise on firefighter job performance and cardiorespiratory fitness has been studied extensively, but its effect on musculoskeletal loading remains unknown. The aim of this study was to contrast the physical fitness and low-back loading outcomes of two groups of firefighters who completed different exercise programmes. Before and ...
Jidovtseff B B Service of Training and Assessment of Physical Fitness Department of Sports Sciences University of Liege, Liege, Belgium - - - 2014
Aim: Different jumping strategies can be used during plyometric training. Understanding how manipulating variables such as the counter-movement, flexion amplitude, the drop and the load could influence neuromuscular adaptation would be beneficial for coaches and athletes. The purpose of this study was to analyze how these variations in the vertical ...
Duncan M J MJ Department of Biomolecular and Sports Sciences Coventry University, Coventry, UK - - - 2014
Aim: This study examined the impact of post activation potentiation on repeated sprint performance in trained Rugby Union players. Methods: Ten, male, professional Rugby Union players (mean age=25.2±5.02 years) performed 7, 30-meter sprints, separated by 25 seconds, 4 minutes following back squats (90% 1 repetition maximum) or a control condition ...
Willis Erik A EA 1Cardiovascular Research Institute, Department of Internal Medicine, The University of Kansas Medical Center, Kansas City, KS; 2Health, Physical Education & Recreation, Augustana College, Sioux Falls, SD; 3Institute for Measurement, Methodology, Analysis, and Policy, Texas Tech University, Lubbock, - - 2014
To examine compensatory changes in non-exercise energy expenditure (NEEx) and non-exercise physical activity (NEPA) in response to an aerobic exercise training program. Ninety-two overweight/obese (BMI 25-39.9 kg[BULLET OPERATOR]m) sedentary young adults (18-30 years) completed a 10-month randomized clinical efficacy trial of aerobic exercise 5 d·wk at either 400 kcal·session (n=37), ...
Tschiesche Kevin K Medical Physics Group, Institute of Diagnostic and Interventional Radiology I, Jena University Hospital - Friedrich Schiller University Jena, Germany. Electronic address: - - 2014
A pneumatic MR-compatible pedal ergometer was designed to perform dynamic contraction exercises of the human calf muscle in a whole-body 3T MR scanner. The set-up includes sensors for monitoring mechanical parameters, such as pedal angle, cadence as well as applied force and power. Actual parameter values during the exercise were ...
Chen S-Y SY Department of Physical Medicine and Rehabilitation, National Taiwan University Hospital, Taipei, Taiwan; National Taiwan University College of Medicine, Taipei, - - 2014
Six-minute walk test (6MWT) is an important measure to assess the exercise capacity of cardiac patients. This study aimed to evaluate the correlations of 6MWT with findings of cardiopulmonary exercise testing (CPET), health-related quality of life (HRQoL), and obesity among heart transplantation recipients (HTR) at least 1 year after transplantation. ...
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