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Calik-Kutukcu Ebru - - 2014
Chronic obstructive pulmonary disease (COPD) has significant systemic effects that substantially impact quality of life and survival. The purpose of this study was to assess and compare peripheral muscle strength and endurance, exercise capacity, fatigue perception and quality of life between patients with COPD and healthy subjects. Twenty COPD patients ...
García-Hermoso Antonio A Faculty of Sport Sciences, AFIDES Research Group, University of Extremadura, Cáceres, - - 2014
Most studies on physical fitness and detraining have been conducted on normal-weight children. Their results indicate that any gains regress to the untrained control values during the detraining period. It, therefore, seems necessary to determine how detraining affects the different fitness parameters in obese children. The aim of the present ...
Monticone Marco M 1Physical Medicine and Rehabilitation Unit, Scientific Institute of Lissone Salvatore Maugeri Foundation IRCCS, Monza Brianza, - - 2014
Objective:To evaluate the efficacy of an in-hospital programme based on task-oriented exercises associated with early full weight-bearing in patients with multiple comorbidities undergoing total hip replacement.Design:Randomized controlled trial.Setting:Specialised rehabilitation centre.Subjects:A total of 100 patients (mean age of 69 (8) years; 40 males, 60 females).Interventions:The experimental group underwent task-oriented exercises and ...
Rocco Andrew B AB College of Veterinary Medicine, Washington State - - 2014
Dystrophinopathy in the young mdx mouse model of Duchenne muscular dystrophy, is comparatively mild, requires induction, and is rarely assessed with tests of systemic muscle function in whole animals. A modified TREAT-NMD induction protocol was used to evaluate respiratory and exercise performance, starting and ending with maximum O2 consumption (VO2max ...
Stang Julie J Department of Sport Medicine, Norwegian School of Sport Sciences, Oslo, - - 2014
Nitric oxide (NO) concentration in exhaled gas is a marker of some inflammatory processes in the lung, and endogenous NO plays a role in the physiological responses to exercise and altitude. The aim of this study was to compare changes in exhaled NO concentration 5-60 mins after high-intensity exercise at 2800 m ...
Singhvi Ajay A Department of Pediatric Endocrinology and Diabetes, University of Iowa Hospital and - - 2014
Objective: This study examines the association of fitness on glycemic variability (GV) in adolescents with Type 1 Diabetes Mellitus (T1DM). GV has been associated with high frequency of hyper and hypoglycemia.Methods: Nineteen adolescents with T1DM, ages 14-19, underwent aerobic fitness testing to determine VO2 max. A continuous glucose monitor (CGM) ...
O'Connell Megan E ME Department of Psychology, University of Saskatchewan, Saskatoon, SK, - - 2014
Regular physical activity and exercise (PA&E) reduces cognitive aging, may delay dementia onset, and for persons with dementia, may slow progression and improve quality of life. Memory clinic patients and caregivers described their PA&E and completed the Older Persons' Attitudes Toward Physical Activity and Exercise Questionnaire (OPAPAEQ). Caregivers and patients ...
Roddy Gabrielle G Department of Kinesiology, Laboratory of the Neuropsychology of Sport and Development, University of Montreal, Montreal, Quebec, - - 2014
Aerobic exercise is known to reduce elevated intraocular pressure (IOP), a primary risk factor for a disease of the eye known as primary open-angle glaucoma. Given the disparate nature of experimental protocols across the literature, an analysis of studies, on the effect of acute aerobic exercise on IOP, is necessary ...
Notley Sean R SR From the Centre for Human and Applied Physiology, School of Medicine, University of Wollongong, Wollongong, New South Wales, - - 2014
The influence of variations in exercise mode, thermal state, and load carriage on cardiac and ventilatory predictors of metabolic rate were investigated. Fifteen males were studied at rest and during whole-, upper-, and lower-body exercise (unloaded and loaded) under thermoneutral and hot conditions. Ventilatory predictions were superior in thermoneutral (residual ...
Krafft Cynthia E CE Department of Psychology, University of Georgia, Athens, Ga., - - 2014
Aerobic fitness is associated with white matter integrity (WMI) in adults as measured by diffusion tensor imaging (DTI). This study examined the effect of an 8-month exercise intervention on WMI in children. Participants were 18 sedentary, overweight (BMI ≥85th percentile) 8- to 11-year-old children (94% Black), randomly assigned to either ...
Karg Michelle - - 2014
Fatigue influences the way a training exercise is performed and alters the kinematics of the movement. Monitoring the increase of fatigue during rehabilitation and sport exercises is beneficial to avoid the risk of injuries. This study investigates the use of a Parametric Hidden Markov Model (PHMM) to estimate fatigue from ...
Segat H J HJ Programa de Pós-Graduação em Bioquímica Toxicológica; Universidade Federal de Santa Maria-UFSM-RS, - - 2014
Exercise has been reported to attenuate rewarding symptoms related to addictive drugs mainly by affecting the brain neuroplasticity and neurotransmission. In this study, we investigated the influence of physical exercise on the behavioral and enzymatic status related to drug relapse in rats. Animals were primarily treated with amphetamine (AMPH; 4.0mg/kg, ...
Currie Shannon E SE University of New England, - - 2014
While heart rate (fH) has been used as an indicator of energy expenditure, quantitative data showing the relationship between these variables are only available for normothermic animals. To determine whether fH also predicts oxygen consumption (VO2) during torpor we simultaneously measured VO2, fH and subcutaneous body temperature (Tsub) of a ...
Smith Denise L DL a First Responder Health and Safety Laboratory, Health and Exercise Sciences Department Skidmore College , Saratoga Springs , - - 2014
ABSTRACT A physiological status monitor (PSM) has been embedded in a fire-resistant shirt. The purpose of this research study was to examine the ability of the PSM-shirt to accurately detect heart rate (HR) and respiratory rate (RR) when worn under structural firefighting personal protective equipment (PPE) during the performance of ...
Lesser Iris A IA a Biomedical Physiology and Kinesiology , Simon Fraser University , Burnaby , BC , - - 2014
Abstract With an ageing population there is an increased prevalence of individuals living with cardiovascular disease (CVD). Characteristics of older aerobically fit individuals with previously diagnosed CVD have not been studied. Therefore, our knowledge is limited as to how, or if, aerobically fit individuals with CVD attempt to adapt their ...
Herda Ashley A AA A.A. Herda, PhD, Department of Health, Sport and Exercise Sciences, University of Kansas, Overland Park, - - 2014
Submaximal exercise testing can have a greater application in clinical settings since peak exercise testing is generally not available. In our previous work, we developed a prediction equation to estimate peak VO2 using a total body recumbent stepper (TBRS) and the Young Men's Christian Association (YMCA) protocol in healthy adults. ...
Pelletier Chelsea A CA Department of Kinesiology, McMaster University, Hamilton, ON L8S 4K1, - - 2014
It is well established that physical activity can improve aspects of physical fitness in individuals with spinal cord injury (SCI). Despite reports of declining health and fitness post-discharge from rehabilitation, there is a limited amount of research exploring exercise status or interventions during this period. The purpose of this dissertation ...
Stoller Oliver O Institute for Rehabilitation and Performance Technology, Division of Mechanical Engineering, Department of Engineering and Information Technology, Bern University of Applied Sciences, Burgdorf, Switzerland; Department of Epidemiology, Maastricht University and Caphri Research School, Maastricht, The Netherlands. Electronic address: - - 2014
A recently developed robotic end-effector device (G-EO system, Reha Technology AG) can simulate walking and stair climbing. This approach has the potential to promote cardiovascular exercise training during rehabilitation. The aim of this study was to characterise cardiopulmonary responses of end-effector-based exercise in able-bodied subjects and to evaluate the feasibility ...
Thompson Warren G WG Department of Medicine, Mayo Clinic Rochester, 200 First Street SW, Rochester, MN 55905, USA. Electronic address: - - 2014
Older people are more sedentary than other age groups. We sought to determine if providing an accelerometer with feedback about activity and counseling older subjects using Go4Life educational material would increase activity levels. Participants were recruited from independent living areas within assisted living facilities and the general public in the ...
Bossers Sjoerd S M SS Department of Pediatric Cardiology, Erasmus Medical Centre - Sophia Children's Hospital, Rotterdam, The - - 2014
In patients with univentricular heart disease, the total cavopulmonary connection (TCPC) is the preferred treatment. TCPC can be performed using the intra-atrial lateral tunnel (ILT) or extracardiac conduit (ECC) technique. The purpose of the present study was to evaluate exercise capacity in contemporary TCPC patients and compare the results between ...
Carter A A Centre for Sport and Exercise Science, Sheffield Hallam University, - - 2014
Exercise programmes that can demonstrate evidence of long-lasting clinical effectiveness are needed for people with multiple sclerosis (PwMS). The objective of this study was to assess the effects of a practically implemented exercise programme on self-directed exercise behaviour and important health outcomes in PwMS to nine months of follow-up. We ...
Lunt Helen H Canterbury District Health Board, Christchurch, New Zealand ; University of Otago Christchurch, Christchurch, New - - 2014
In research clinic settings, overweight adults undertaking HIIT (high intensity interval training) improve their fitness as effectively as those undertaking conventional walking programs but can do so within a shorter time spent exercising. We undertook a randomized controlled feasibility (pilot) study aimed at extending HIIT into a real world setting ...
Magaraggia Christian C a School of Sport Science, Exercise and Health , The University of Western Australia , Perth , - - 2014
Abstract Using a scrambled sentence priming protocol, the first aim of this study was to investigate whether differences in novel exercise-related goals existed between participants primed with motivational or non-motivational material (i.e. autonomous, controlled or neutral primes). The second aim was to explore whether an indirect effect was present between ...
Mukaimoto Takahiro T a Research Institute for Sport Science , Nippon Sport Science University , Tokyo , - - 2014
Abstract The purpose of this study was to examine the changes in the metabolic state of quadriceps femoris muscles using transverse relaxation time (T2), measured by muscle functional magnetic resonance (MR) imaging, after inactive or active recovery exercises with different intensities following high-intensity knee-extension exercise. Eight healthy men performed recovery ...
Apostolo Anna A Centro Cardiologico Monzino, IRCCS, Milan, - - 2014
Periodic breathing (PB) during sleep and exercise in heart failure (HF) is related to respiratory acid-base status, CO2 chemosensitivity and temporal dynamics of CO2 and O2 sensing. We studied inhaled CO2 and acetazolamide to alter these factors and reduce PB. We measured expired and arterial gases, PB amplitude and duration ...
Kelly Neil A NA 1University of Alabama at - - 2014
We conducted, in persons with Parkinson's disease (PD), a thorough assessment of neuromotor function and performance in conjunction with phenotypic analyses of skeletal muscle tissue, and further tested the adaptability of PD muscle to high-intensity exercise training. Fifteen participants with PD (Hoehn & Yahr stage 2-3) completed 16 wk of ...
Winter J L JL Advanced Center for Chonic Diseases (ACCDiS), Universidad de Chile & Pontificia Universidad Católica de Chile, Santiago, Chile; División de Enfermedades Cardiovasculares y Departamento de Medicina Nuclear, Facultad Medicina, Pontificia Universidad Católica de Chile, Santiago, - - 2014
Heart failure (HF) is associated with changes in myocardial metabolism that lead to impairment of contractile function. Trimetazidine (TMZ) modulates cardiac energetic efficiency and improves outcomes in ischemic heart disease. We evaluate the effects of TMZ on left ventricular ejection fraction (LVEF), cardiac metabolism, exercise capacity, O2 uptake and quality ...
Jung Mette Holme MH Department of Cardiology, The Heart Centre, Rigshospitalet, Copenhagen University Hospital, - - 2014
Continuous-flow left ventricular assist device (CF-LVAD) implantation is associated with improved quality of life, but the effect on exercise capacity is less well documented. It is uncertain whether a fixed CF-LVAD pump speed, which allows for sufficient circulatory support at rest, remains adequate during exercise. The aim of this study ...
Stefánsdóttir G J GJ 1 Department of Equine Science, Hólar University College, 551 Sauðárkrókur, - - 2014
This study examined the response in terms of heart rate (HR), respiratory rate (RR), haematocrit (Htc), rectal temperature (RT), and some plasma variables in Icelandic horses of different sexes and ages performing the riding assessment in a breed evaluation field test (BEFT). The study was conducted in Iceland on 266 ...
Ramon Maria A MA and a list of the PAC-COPD Study Group members and their affiliations, see the - - 2014
Exercise capacity declines with time and is an important determinant of health status and prognosis in patients with chronic obstructive pulmonary disease (COPD). We hypothesised that hospital admissions are associated with exercise capacity decline in these patients.Clinical and functional variables were collected for 342 clinically stable COPD patients. The 6-min ...
Kedia A William AW 1. The Center for Applied Health Sciences, 4302 Allen Road, Suite 120, Stow, OH 44224, - - 2014
In this prospective, randomized, double-blind, trial conducted in two parts, we examined the effects of a multi-ingredient pre-exercise workout supplement blend of creatine, betaine and a dendrobium extract (MMP) on safety, performance, and body composition in healthy men and women undergoing a supervised program of resistance exercise. Part 1 was ...
Tsai Ming-Chang - - 2014
This research probes into the strain changes of the great saphenous vein (GSV) during step exercises. Microelectromechanical Systems (MEMS) were used to process and develop Gauge Factors (GF=4.79±0.247), 5 males and 5 females with an average age of 20±0.6 years were asked to engage in step exercises (with step height ...
Landi Francesco - - 2014
Although prolongation of life is a significant public health aim, at the same time the extended life should involve preservation of the capacity to live independently. Consequently, the identification of cost-effectiveness interventions to prevent frailty is one of the most important public health challenges. In the present review, we present ...
Barakat Hashem M HM Academic Vascular Surgical Unit, University of Hull and Hull York Medical School, Hull, UK. Electronic address: - - 2014
Aerobic fitness is an important predictor of postoperative outcome in major surgery. In this study, we assess the effects of a period of preoperative exercise on aerobic fitness as measured by cardiopulmonary exercise testing (CPET) in patients scheduled for abdominal aortic aneurysm (AAA) repair. As part of a randomized trial, ...
Rao Ashwini K AK Ashwini K. Rao, EdD, OTR, FAOTA, is Associate Professor, Department of Rehabilitation and Regenerative Medicine (Program in Physical Therapy) and G. H. Sergievsky Center, College of Physicians and Surgeons, Columbia University, 710 West 168th Street, 8th Floor, New York, NY 10032; - - 2014
OBJECTIVE. Alzheimer's disease (AD) results in a loss of independence in activities of daily living (ADLs), which in turn affects the quality of life of affected people and places a burden on caretakers. Limited research has examined the influence of physical training (aerobic, balance, and strength training) on ADL performance ...
Kashigar Aidin A Toronto Western Research Institute, University Health Network, Toronto, ON, - - 2014
To investigate for the presence of central and peripheral physiological fatigue in electrical injury (EI) patients with experiential fatigue. Eight EI patients and eight age-matched healthy volunteers were recruited. Motor evoked potentials (MEP) following transcranial magnetic stimulation (TMS) and M-waves from ulnar nerve stimulation at the wrist were measured from ...
Kressler Jochen J 1The Miami Project to Cure Paralysis, Department of Neurological Surgery, 2Department of Rehabilitation Medicine, Miller School of Medicine, University of Miami, Miami, - - 2014
Circuit resistance training (CRT) performed three times weekly for 40-45 minutes each session increases muscular strength, and both aerobic and anaerobic capacity in untrained individuals with chronic paraplegia. Whether similar CRT is also effective for conditioning of persons with chronic tetraplegia is unknown. In addition, protein supplementation (PS) prior to, ...
Pagano Allan F AF 1Faculty of Sport Sciences, University of Montpellier 1, Montpellier, France; 2INRA, UMR866 Dynamique Musculaire Et Métabolisme, University of Montpellier 1, Montpellier, - - 2014
The aim of this study was to characterize skeletal muscle protein breakdown and mitochondrial dynamics markers at different points of endurance exercise. Mice run at 10 m.min during 1h and running speed was increased by 0.5 m.min every minute during 40 min and then by 1 m.min until exhaustion. Animals ...
Anderson P P a School of Sport Science, Exercise & Health , University of Western Australia , Crawley , Western - - 2014
We aimed to investigate the effects of different warm-up (WUP) intensities on 10 min of subsequent intermittent-sprint running performance. Eleven male, team-sport players performed four trials in a randomized, cross-over design, consisting of an intermittent-sprint protocol (15 × 20-m sprints) that followed either no-WUP or one of three 10-min WUP ...
Sousa Ana A Centre of Research, Education, Innovation and Intervention in Sport, Faculty of Sport, University of Porto, Porto, - - 2014
Prior exercise has the potential to enhance subsequent performance by accelerating the oxygen uptake (VO2) kinetics. The present study investigated the effects of two different intensities of prior exercise on pulmonary VO2 kinetics and exercise time during subsequent exhaustive rowing exercise. It was hypothesized that in prior heavy, but not ...
Macintosh Bradley J BJ Department of Medical Biophysics, University of Toronto, Toronto, Ontario, Canada ; Canadian Partnership for Stroke Recovery, Sunnybrook Research Institute, Toronto, Ontario, - - 2014
Despite the generally accepted view that aerobic exercise can have positive effects on brain health, few studies have measured brain responses to exercise over a short time span. The purpose of this study was to examine the impact within one hour of a single bout of exercise on brain perfusion ...
Tew Garry A GA York Trials Unit, Department of Health Sciences, University of York, York, - - 2014
In patients with large abdominal aortic aneurysm (AAA), open surgical or endovascular aneurysm repair procedures are often used to minimise the risk of aneurysm-related rupture and death; however, aneurysm repair itself carries a high risk. Low cardiopulmonary fitness is associated with an increased risk of early post-operative complications and death ...
Hader Karim - - 2014
The ability to sustain brief high-intensity intermittent efforts (HIE) is meant to be a major attribute for performance in team sports. Adding changes of direction to HIE is believed to increase the specificity of training drills with respect to game demands. The aim of this study was to investigate the ...
Park Gi Duck GD Department of Leisure Sport, Kyungpook National University, Republic of - - 2014
[Purpose] The physical strength elements required for athletic throwing events include muscle strength, swiftness, agility, speed, flexibility, and physical balance. Although plyometric training and weight training are implemented as representative training methods for improving swiftness and agility, most studies of it have been conducted with players of other sports. [Subjects] ...
Baláš Jiří J 0000-0003-3502-2050 Faculty of Physical Education and Sport, Charles University in Prague, 16252 Prague, Czech - - 2014
Aim. The aim of this study was to examine the relationship between submaximal and maximal physiological responses to rock climbing for climbers of differing abilities. Methods. Twenty-six male climbers performed a submaximal climbing test on a known circuit at 90° (vertical) and 105° (15° overhanging) inclination and speed 25 movements·min(-1). ...
Ben-Ner Avner A Carlson School of Management, University of Minnesota-Twin Cities, Minneapolis, Minnesota, United States of - - 2014
We conducted a 12-month-long experiment in a financial services company to study how the availability of treadmill workstations affects employees' physical activity and work performance. We enlisted sedentary volunteers, half of whom received treadmill workstations during the first two months of the study and the rest in the seventh month ...
Nelson Michael T MT School of Kinesiology, University of Minnesota, Minneapolis, MN, USA. - - 2014
Currently, there are few studies on the cardiovascular and fatigue effects of commercially available energy drinks. This study investigated the effects of Monster energy drink (Monster Beverage Corporation, Corona, California), on resting heart rate (HR), heart rate variability (HRV), ride time-to-exhaustion, peak exercise HR, respiratory exchange ratio (RER), and peak ...
Francica Juliana V JV Human Movement Laboratory. São Judas Tadeu University. São Paulo/SP. Brazil.. - - 2014
Introduction: The aim of this study was to perform a systematic review on the exercise trials post stroke. Material and Methods: Therefore, we conducted a systematic review of randomized controlled clinical trials published in PubMed and PEDro. The inclusion criteria were: Studies - randomized or controlled clinical trials; Participants - ...
Uchida Marco C MC Faculty of Physical Education, State University of Campinas , Campinas, - - 2014
The purpose of this study was to compare the influence of measuring the overall session rating of perceived exertion (session-RPE) at 10 vs. 30 minutes following exercise. Eight boxers completed three different standardized training sessions of different intensities (easy, moderate and hard) in a matchedpairs, randomized research design. Exercise intensity ...
Han Min-Jung MJ Department of Nursing, Graduate School, Kyungpook National University, Republic of - - 2014
[Purpose] The purpose of this study was to examine the acute effects of five minutes of plantar flexor static stretching (PSS) on the balance and gait of the elderly. [Subjects and Methods] Twenty-five subjects aged 65 years and above performed 5 min of PSS in the form of wedge board standing. The ...
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