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Nolan P B PB Department of Sport and Exercise Science, The University of Auckland, Auckland, New - - 2014
We sought to determine the incidence of 'true' VO2max confirmation with the verification procedure across different protocols. 12 active participants (men n=6, women n=6) performed in random order 4 different maximal graded exercises tests (GXT) and verification bout protocols on 4 separate days. Conditions for the rest period and verification ...
Cardoso A A Department of Pulmonology Heart Institute (Incor), Faculty of Medicine University of São Paulo, São Paulo, Brazil - - - 2014
Regular physical exercises are associated to decreased morbidity and mortality, but their relationship with quality of life perception is still not well established. The aim of this paper was to compare cardiopulmonary exercise indicators of functional performance and quality of life (QOL) between a group of untrained elderly (GUE) and ...
Popov D D State Research Center of Russian Federation Institute for Biomedical Problems RAS, Moscow, Russia - - - 2014
It is known that intermittent aerobic exercise training program is more efficient for the improvement of aerobic performance than continuous one but molecular mechanisms of such effects are purely understood. The aim of the present study was to compare gene expression of mitochondrial biogenesis regulators (peroxisome proliferator-activated receptor γ coactivator ...
Coats Caroline C University College - - 2014
Exercise testing is commonly performed in patients with hypertrophic cardiomyopathy (HCM) to evaluate blood pressure response, a conventional risk factor for sudden cardiac death. The 2011 ACCF/AHA guidelines state "the role of metabolic stress testing in the evaluation of patients with HCM remains to be decided, particularly with regard to ...
Asrress Kaleab N KN Cardiovascular Division, British Heart Foundation Centre of Excellence, The Rayne Institute, St Thomas' Hospital, King's College London, Westminster Bridge Road, London SE1 7EH, - - 2014
The mechanisms governing exercise-induced angina, its alleviation by the most common anti-anginal drug, nitroglycerine (GTN), and the best techniques to elucidate whether a stenosis causes sufficient ischaemia to warrant revascularisation are incompletely understood. In this multifaceted investigation we aimed to investigate these processes. A porcine model of coronary stenosis was ...
Lima Aluísio H R de A AH Graduate Program in Physical Education UPE/UFPB, School of Physical Education and Sports, University of Pernambuco, Recife, - - 2014
Patients with arteritis have a high risk of mortality from cardiovascular disorders. However, whether these patients benefit from an intervention involving exercise remains unclear. In this study, we assessed the effects of an unsupervised exercise program on walking capacity, quality of life, and cardiovascular parameters of a patient with arteritis. ...
Bosco Gerardo G Department of Biomedical Sciences, Laboratory of Physiology, University of Padova, - - 2014
Scuba diving has become a popular recreational sport throughout the world. Although it is not a competitive sport, a certain level of physical fitness is recommended because of the physical characteristics of the underwater environment. Immersion alone will increase cardiac preload leading to a rise in both cardiac output and ...
Buzzacott Peter P Adjunct Lecturer, School of Sport Science, Exercise and Health, the University of Western Australia, Perth, Australia, Marie Curie Research Fellow, Laboratoire Optimisation des Régulations Physiologiques, Université de Bretagne Occidentale, UFR Sciences et Techniques, 6 avenue Le Gorgeu, CS 93837, Brest Cedex 3, France, Phone: +33-(0)2-9801-6235, E-mail: - - 2014
Episodic exercise is a risk factor for acute cardiac events and cardiac complications are increasingly recognized in fatalities during recreational scuba diving. What is not known is the exercise intensity involved in typical recreational diving. This study used pre- to post-dive gas cylinder pressure drop to estimate air consumption and, ...
Kang Min-Hyeok MH Department of Rehabilitation Science, Graduate School, Inje University, Republic of - - 2014
[Purpose] This study investigated the changes in electromyographic (EMG) activities of the infraspinatus and posterior deltoid muscles during shoulder external rotation under open kinetic chain (OKC) and closed kinetic chain (CKC) exercise conditions. [Subjects] In total, 15 healthy males participated in this study. [Methods] Subjects performed shoulder external rotations under ...
Tipton Charles M - - 2014
In 2007, the American College of Sports Medicine, with endorsement from the American Medical Association and the Office of the Surgeon General, launched a global initiative to mobilize physicians, healthcare professionals and providers, and educators to promote exercise in their practice or activities to prevent, reduce, manage, or treat diseases ...
Dunlay Shannon M SM Division of Cardiovascular Diseases in the Department of Internal Medicine, Mayo Clinic, Rochester MN; Division of Health Care Policy and Research in the Department of Health Sciences Research, Mayo Clinic, Rochester MN. Electronic address: - - 2014
Reduced exercise tolerance from impaired cardiac output is an important criterion for left ventricular assist device (LVAD) implantation. However, little is known about how exercise capacity changes following LVAD, and how changes compare with patients undergoing heart transplant. We compared changes in cardiopulmonary exercise testing performed pre- and post-operatively in ...
Baena-Beato Pedro Angel PA From the Department of Physical Education and Sport, University of Granada, Granada, Spain (PÁB-B, MD-F, AR-F); Department of Exercise Science, Arnold School of Public Health, University of South Carolina, Columbia (EGA); Department of Education, University of Almería, Almería, Spain (EGA); Department of Physiotherapy, Universidade Federal da Paraíba, Paraíba, Brasil (MCG-C); and Department of Physiotherapy, University of Granada, Granada, Spain - - 2014
The physical and psychological factors associated with reduction of disability after aquatic exercise are not well understood. Sixty participants (30 men and 30 women; age, 50.60 [9.69] yrs; body mass index, 27.21 [5.20] kg/m) with chronic low back pain were prospectively recruited. The 8-wk aquatic therapy program was carried out ...
Van Straaten Meegan M Motion Analysis Laboratory, Division of Orthopedic Research, Mayo - - 2014
To test the effectiveness of a high dose home-exercise/tele-rehabilitation program for manual wheelchair users who have a spinal cord injury (SCI). We hypothesized that the intervention would reduce pain and increase function. A pre-post trial with outcomes measured at three time points: baseline, post-intervention (12 weeks), and follow-up (24+ weeks). ...
Watanabe Kohei K School of International Liberal Studies, Chukyo University, Nagoya, Japan, - - 2014
We aimed to test the effect of additional electrical muscle stimulation (EMS) during moderate-intensity voluntary pedaling exercise on metabolic and cardiovascular responses. Eleven healthy male subjects performed moderate-intensity pedaling exercise at a constant workload (80 % of ventilatory threshold) for 20 min while EMS was applied to thigh muscles from 5 to ...
Grey Tyler M TM 1Canadian Centre for Activity and Aging, 2School of Kinesiology, 3Department of Physiology and Pharmacology, The University of Western Ontario, London, ON, Canada; 4Faculty of Kinesiology, University of Calgary, Calgary, AB, - - 2014
This study examined the effects of age and training status on the pulmonary oxygen uptake (VO2p) kinetics of untrained and chronically trained young, middle-aged and older groups of men. Breath-by-breath VO2p and NIRS-derived muscle deoxygenation ([HHb]) were monitored continuously in young (20-39 yr) trained (YT; n=8) and untrained (YuT; n=8), ...
Chang Yu-Kai YK 1Graduate Institute of Athletics and Coaching Science, National Taiwan Sport University, Taoyuan County, Taiwan, Republic of China 2Institute of Physical Education, Health and Leisure Studies, National Cheng Kung University, Tainan, Taiwan, Republic of China 3Department of Kinesiology, University of North Carolina at Greensboro, Greensboro, NC, United - - 2014
The study aimed to provide evidence-based recommendations for the prescription of a single session of exercise to improve cognitive performance. In particular, the purpose was to determine the dose-response relationship between exercise duration and cognitive performance for a moderate intensity session of aerobic exercise. Twenty-six healthy young men participated in ...
Paixão R C RC Postgraduating Program in Physical Education and Sports, Byodinamis of Performance Research Group, Federal University of Triangulo Mineiro (UFTM), Uberaba, Minas Gerais, - - 2014
We verified the acute effect of ischemic preconditioning (IPC) in cyclists before high-intensity and short-duration activity. 15 amateur cyclists participated in a random crossover model on 2 different days [IPC or CONTROL (CON)]. Ischemic preconditioning consisted of 4 cycles of 5 min occlusion/5 min reperfusion in each thigh. After IPC or CON, ...
Miyoshi Tasuku T Faculty of Engineering, Iwate University , Iwate , Japan - - 2014
Abstract Purpose: To develop an aquatic exercise device to facilitate locomotive motor output and achieve repetitive physiological gait patterns to improve movement dysfunctions. Methods: A custom designed leg movement apparatus (LMA) consisted of closed 4-linkage mechanisms and one-length changeable link using a spring. Three-dimensional motions and electromyographic (EMG) activities were ...
de Sousa Pinto Juliana M JM University of Salamanca, Salamanca, Spain (Drs de Sousa Pinto, Martín Nogueras, Arenillas, and González); and University of Fortaleza, Fortaleza, Brazil (Dr de Sousa - - 2014
To evaluate the benefits of home-based pulmonary rehabilitation (PR) in patients with severe and very severe chronic obstructive pulmonary disease (COPD). Randomized clinical trial involving 58 patients. Pulmonary function, quality of life evaluated by the Saint George Respiratory Questionnaire, breathlessness evaluated by the London Chest Activity of Daily Living Scale, ...
Sebastian Lonnie A LA Lonnie A. Sebastian, MSN, RN-BC Staff Nurse, Outpatient Cardiac Rehabilitation Department, Bryn Mawr Hospital, Pennsylvania. Sara Reeder, PhD, RN Nurse Research Consultant, Main Line Health, Bryn Mawr Hospital, and Associate Professor, College of Nursing, Villanova University, Pennsylvania. Mark Williams, BS Vice President, Applied Clinical Intelligence, LLC, Bala Cynwyd, - - 2014
One of the well-established methods used to determine endurance training intensity for patients in outpatient cardiac rehabilitation (CR) is to take a percentage (70%-85%) of the maximal or peak heart rate (HRmax) from a recent postevent symptom-limited graded exercise test (GXT). Because many patients are referred to CR without having ...
Nguyen Tuan Nghia TN Faculty of Engineering and Information Technology, University of Technology, Sydney, 15 Broadway, Ultimo, NSW 2007, Australia. Electronic address: - - 2014
This study aims to develop an advanced portable remote monitoring system to supervise high intensity treadmill exercises. The supervisory level of the developed hierarchical system is implemented on a portable monitoring device (iPhone/iPad) as a client application, while the real-time control of treadmill exercises is accomplished by using an on-line ...
Heine Martin M , Brain Center Rudolf Magnus and Center of Excellence for Rehabilitation Medicine, University Medical Center Utrecht and Rehabilitation Center De Hoogstraat, 3583 TM Utrecht, The Netherlands. - - 2014
Objective: To examine the Oxygen Uptake Efficiency Slope (OUES) as an outcome for physical fitness in patients with multiple sclerosis. Design: Cross-sectional study. Patients: A maximal cycling ergometry test was performed by 56 patients with multiple sclerosis. Methods: The OUES was compared with healthy reference values. Correlation analysis was used ...
Gomes Neto Mansueto M Departamento de Biofunçāo, Curso de Fisioterapia da Universidade Federal da Bahia - UFBA, Programa de Pós Graduação em Medicina e Saúde - UFBA Salvador - BA, Brazil - - 2014
To see whether dance therapy was more effective than conventional exercise in exercise capacity and health-related quality of life (HRQOL) in patients with chronic heart failure. Systematic review and meta-analysis. We searched MEDLINE, Cochrane Controlled Trials Register, EMBASE, SPORT Scielo, CINAHL (from the earliest date available to August 2013) for ...
Blanchard Sam S Brighton & Hove Albion Football Club, American Express Stadium, Village Way, Falmer, East Sussex BN1 9PL, United Kingdom. Electronic address: - - 2014
This article aims to describe a new theoretical model to simplify and aid visualisation of the clinical reasoning process involved in progressing a single exercise. Exercise prescription is a core skill for physiotherapists but is an area that is lacking in theoretical models to assist clinicians when designing exercise programs ...
Saito Masahiko M Cardiology, Morioka Red Cross - - 2014
Background:The safety of exercise-based cardiac rehabilitation (CR) has not been investigated in Japan, so a nationwide survey was conducted to investigate the incidence of adverse events (AEs) associated with CR and exercise testing.Methods and Results:In total, 136 hospitals reported operating recovery-phase CR programs, amounting to 383,096 patient-hours of exercise training. The incidence ...
Lake Jason P JP 1Department of Sport and Exercise Sciences, University of Chichester, College Lane, Chichester, United Kingdom 2Department of Sports Medicine and Athletic Training, Missouri State University, Springfield, Missouri, United States of - - 2014
The aim of this study was to compare mechanical output from kettlebell snatch and 2-handed kettlebell swing exercise. Twenty-two men performed 3 sets of 8 kettlebell snatch and 2-handed swing exercise with a 24 kg kettlebell on a force platform. Vertical and horizontal net impulse, mean force, displacement, the magnitude ...
Forsberg Anette A Family Medicine Research Centre, Örebro County Council , Örebro , Sweden - - 2014
Abstract Purpose: Our aim was to describe experiences of using Nintendo Wii Fit™ for balance exercise, from the perspectives of patients with multiple sclerosis (MS) and their physiotherapists (PT). Methods: Individual interviews with 15 patients with MS were conducted, recruited from a multi-centre study investigating the effects of balance exercising ...
Shephard Roy J RJ Faculty of Physical Education & Health, University of Toronto, Toronto, Ontario, - - 2014
Traditional approaches to exercise prescription have included a preliminary medical screening followed by exercise tests of varying sophistication. To maximize population involvement, qualified fitness and exercise professionals (QFEPs) have used a self-administered screening questionnaire (the PAR-Q) and a simple measure of aerobic performance (the Canadian Aerobic Fitness Test, CAFT). However, ...
Cochrane D J DJ Massey University, School of Sport & Exercise, Palmerston North, New - - 2014
The aim of this study was to investigate the effects of acute vibration exercise, at 2 different frequencies, on upper body power output. Muscle activity (EMG) and upper-body peak power was measured in 12 healthy males during ballistic bench press throws at 30% of 1-repetition maximum on a Smith machine. ...
Tripkovic Laura L aDepartment of Nutritional Sciences, Faculty of Health and Medical Sciences, University of Surrey, Guildford, Surrey bDepartment of Medicine, Imperial College, University of London, London cFaculty of Health and Life Sciences, Northumbria University, Newcastle-Upon-Tyne, Tyne & Wear, - - 2014
Pulse wave velocity (PWV) is a measure of arterial stiffness and a marker for cardiovascular disease. Although commonly used, there are only a few reports investigating the intersession and intrasession variability in PWV measurements, the determination of which is important in a mixed population when using PWV as a clinical ...
Fonseca R M RM 1Laboratory of Neuromuscular Adaptations to Strength Training, School of Physical Education and Sport, University of São Paulo, São Paulo, Brazil 2Department of Health Science and Human Performance, University of Tampa, Tampa, FL, USA 3Delboni Auriemo Diagnostic Imaging Sector: a division of DASA, São Paulo, - - 2014
This study investigated the effects of varying strength exercises and/or loading scheme on muscle cross-sectional area (CSA) and maximum strength after four strength training loading schemes: constant intensity and constant exercise (CICE), constant intensity and varied exercise (CIVE), varied intensity and constant exercise (VICE), varied intensity and varied exercise (VIVE). ...
Gist Nicholas H NH Metabolism and Body Composition Laboratory Department of Kinesiology University of Georgia, Athens, - - 2014
The purpose of this study was to compare peak cardiorespiratory, metabolic and perceptual responses to acute bouts of Sprint Interval Cycling (SIC) and a High-intensity Intermittent Calisthenics (HIC) protocol consisting of modified "burpees". Eleven (8 men and 3 women) moderately-trained, college-aged participants (age = 21.9 ± 2.1, BMI = 24.8 ...
Chao Cheng H N CH 1 Department of Physical Education, Federal University of Rio Grande do - - 2014
Summary.-Ratings of perceived exertion (RPE) and affective responses were assessed during Tai Chi Chuan. A total of 16 women (M age = 61.2 yr., SD = 8.8) participated in this study. Individuals practiced Tai Chi Chuan three times/week during seven weeks, and were assessed session-by-session (21 Wu Tai Chi Chuan ...
Faselis Charles C Department of Medicine, Veterans Affairs Medical Center, Washington, - - 2014
Aging, even in otherwise healthy subjects, is associated with declines in muscle mass, strength, and aerobic capacity. Older individuals respond favorably to exercise, suggesting that physical inactivity plays an important role in age-related functional decline. Conversely, physical activity and improved exercise capacity are associated with lower mortality risk in hypertensive ...
Krustrup Peter P 1Department of Nutrition, Exercise and Sports, Copenhagen Centre for Team Sport and Health, University of Copenhagen, Copenhagen, DENMARK; 2Sport and Health Sciences, College of Life and Environmental Sciences, University of Exeter, Exeter, UNITED KINGDOM; 3Department of Sport & Exercise Sciences, University of Sunderland, UNITED KINGDOM, 4The University Hospitals Centre for Health Research, Copenhagen University Hospital, DENMARK, 5Italian Football Referees Association (AIA), Rome, ITALY; 6Football Training and Biomechanics Lab, Italian Football Federation (FIGC), Technical Department, Coverciano (Florence), ITALY; 7Department of Food and Nutrition, and Sport Science, University of Gothenburg, Gothenburg, - - 2014
To examine the physical capacity and physiological response to the Yo-Yo Intermittent Endurance level 2 test (IE2) for untrained individuals and trained male soccer players, and to investigate the determinants of intense intermittent exercise performance. Thirty-four healthy untrained males (UTR) and fifteen age-matched trained soccer players (TR) performed a maximal ...
Bratland-Sanda Solfrid S Department of Sport and Outdoor Life Sciences, Telemark University College, Bø, Norway; Research Institute, Modum Bad Psychiatric Center, Vikersund, - - 2014
To examine group fitness instructors' knowledge and attitudes toward identification and management of disordered eating (DE). Group fitness instructors representing the three largest fitness center companies in Norway (n = 837, response rate: 57%) completed a questionnaire through Questback (www.questback.com). The questionnaire contained items regarding gender, age, educational background, exercise ...
Conte M M Sorocaba Ophthalmologic Hospital, Sorocaba, - - 2014
Our purpose was to compare the acute effects of high-intensity interval training (HIT) vs. continuous moderate exercise (CME) on intraocular pressure (IOP) in healthy subjects. Fifteen young men (age=22.1±6 years) underwent 30 min of HIT (2 min of walking at 50% of reserve heart rate (HR) alternated with 1 min of running at ...
Maddison Ralph R National Institute for Health Innovation, University of Auckland, Auckland, New - - 2014
To determine the effectiveness and cost-effectiveness of a mobile phone intervention to improve exercise capacity and physical activity behaviour in people with ischaemic heart disease (IHD). In this single-blind, parallel, two-arm, randomized controlled trial adults (n = 171) with IHD were randomized to receive a mobile phone delivered intervention (HEART; n = 85) plus ...
Koehler Karsten K Institute of Biochemistry, German Sport University, Cologne, - - 2014
Inactivity and overweight are major health concerns in children and adolescents with disabilities. Methods for the assessment of activity and energy expenditure may be affected negatively by the underlying disability, especially when motor function is impaired. The purpose of this study was to assess the validity of the SenseWear armband ...
Yeh Shih-Ching SC Department of Computer Science and Information Engineering, National Central University, Taoyuan, - - 2014
Dizziness is a major consequence of imbalance and vestibular dysfunction. Compared to surgery and drug treatments, balance training is non-invasive and more desired. However, training exercises are usually tedious and the assessment tool is insufficient to diagnose patient's severity rapidly. An interactive virtual reality (VR) game-based rehabilitation program that adopted ...
Giannotti Erika E Rehabilitation Unit, Department of Neurosciences, University of Padua, Via Giustiniani 3, 35128, Padua, - - 2014
Exercise is considered a fundamental tool for the management of ankylosing spondylitis (AS), in combination with pharmacological therapy that with the advent of biological therapy has improved dramatically the control of signs and symptoms of this challenging disease. Current evidence shows that a specific exercise protocol has not been validated ...
Jácome Cristina C School of Health Sciences, University of Aveiro, Aveiro, - - 2014
Pulmonary rehabilitation (PR) is a core component of the management of patients with moderate-to-very-severe COPD. However, as impairments in quadriceps muscle strength and health-related quality of life (HRQOL) are already present in patients with mild COPD, there is a need to investigate whether PR could also be beneficial to these ...
Opotowsky Alexander R AR Boston Children's and Brigham and Women's - - 2014
Impaired exercise capacity is common after the Fontan procedure and is attributed to cardiovascular limits. The Fontan circulation, however, is also distinctively vulnerable to unfavorable lung mechanics. This study aimed to define the prevalence and physiologic relevance of pulmonary dysfunction in patients with Fontan physiology. We analyzed Pediatric Heart Network ...
Buchheit Martin M Sport Science Department, Myorobie Association, Montvalezan, - - 2014
The aim of the present study was to quantify the physiological, psychometric and performance effects of a 2-week Christmas break in a professional Australian Football League (AFL) club. A series of physiological (e.g., heart rate (HR) response to a 5-min submaximal run and skinfolds thickness), psychometric (rate of perceived exertion ...
Mourot Laurent L Culture Sport Health Society and Exercise Performance, Health, Innovation Platform, University of Franche-Comté, Besançon, - - 2014
Post-exercise heart rate (HR) recovery (HRR) indices have been associated with running and cycling endurance exercise performance. The present study was designed 1) to test whether such a relationship also exists in the case of cross-country skiing (XCS) and 2) to determine whether the magnitude of any such relationship is ...
Busby Andrea K AK Emergency Service, VA Boston Healthcare System, Boston, MA, USA; Lifespan Physician Group, Behavioral Medicine Clinical Services, The Miriam Hospital, Providence, RI, USA. - - 2014
To examine existing research on pulmonary exercise rehabilitation (PR) maintenance interventions. Authors conducted a systematic review of PR maintenance interventions. The primary outcome of interest was physical endurance. Eight studies met inclusion criteria. Most showed initial positive intervention effects, which declined to non-significance within 3-12 months after completion of maintenance. ...
Leboeuf Steven Francis SF 1Valencell, Inc., Raleigh, NC; and 2Division of Cardiology, Department of Medicine, Duke University School of Medicine, Durham, - - 2014
The goal of this program was to determine the feasibility of a novel noninvasive, highly miniaturized optomechanical earbud sensor for accurately estimating total energy expenditure (TEE) and maximum oxygen consumption (V˙O2max). The optomechanical sensor module, small enough to fit inside commercial audio earbuds, was previously developed to provide a seamless ...
Kirmizigil Berkiye B 1Necati Akgun Performance Laboratory, School of Physical Education and Sport, University of Ege, İzmir, Turkey; and 2School of Physical Education and Sport, University of Ege, \x{0130}zmir, - - 2014
Kirmizigil, B, Ozcaldiran, B, and Colakoglu, M. Effects of three different stretching techniques on vertical jumping performance. J Strength Cond Res 28(5): 1263-1271, 2014-The aim of this study was to evaluate 3 different flexibility techniques: (a) ballistic stretching (BS), (b) proprioceptive neuromuscular facilitation stretching (PNF) + BS, and (c) PNF ...
Lakhi Nisha A NA New York Medical College-Richmond Program, Staten Island, - - 2014
The objective of this study was to present an obstetric simulation exercise designed to educate health care providers on techniques of quantifying blood loss and to assess the effect of the simulation exercise on accuracy of blood loss estimation in a clinical setting. A programmed learning simulation exercise was presented ...
Gulley Tauna - - 2014
The purpose of this study was to determine how well time perspective and the Theory of Planned Behavior (TPB) predicted physical activity among adolescents residing in the central Appalachian region of the United States. A descriptive, correlational design was used. The setting was a rural high school in central Appalachia. ...
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