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Schoenfeld Brad J BJ 1Department of Health Sciences, CUNY Lehman College, Bronx, NY 2Sport Performance Research Institute New Zealand, AUT University, Auckland, New Zealand 3Department of Health Sciences and Human Performance, University of Tampa, Tampa, FL 4Department of Physical Therapy, Nova Southeastern wUniversity, Ft. Lauderdale, FL 5Department of Physical Medicine and Rehabilitation, University of Michigan, Ann Arbor, - - 2014
It is believed that regional activation within a muscle may lead to greater site-specific muscular adaptations in the activated portion of the muscle. Because the hamstrings are a biarticular muscle, it can be theorized that single-joint exercises where movement originates at the hip versus the knee will result in differential ...
Houchen-Wolloff Linzy L Centre for Exercise and Rehabilitation Science (CERS), Respiratory Biomedical Research Unit (BRU), University Hospitals of Leicester NHS Trust, UK - - 2014
The aim was to establish the minimum clinically important difference (MCID) in the incremental shuttle walk test (ISWT) following cardiac rehabilitation. This was a service evaluation, utilising anchor- and distribution-based methods. Two hundred and twenty patients performed an ISWT following a six-week cardiac rehabilitation programme comprising supervised aerobic exercise, secondary ...
Gaudino Paolo P Department of Biomedical Science for Health, Università degli Studi di Milano, Milano, Italy. Electronic address: - - 2014
The present study examined the extent to which game format (possession play, SSG-P and game with regular goals and goalkeepers, SSG-G) and the number of players (5, 7 and 10 a-side) influence the physical demands of small-sided soccer games (SSGs) in elite soccer players. Training data were collected during the ...
Saidj Madina M Research Centre for Prevention and Health, Glostrup University Hospital, Nordre Ringvej 57, Building 84-85, DK-2600 Glostrup, Denmark. - - 2014
Sedentary behavior is increasingly recognized as a risk factor for cardiovascular and metabolic morbidity and mortality. Recent studies suggest that sitting during work and leisure time may affect markers of cardiometabolic health, differently. However, little is known about associations' between sitting time and cardiorespiratory and muscular fitness among adults. The ...
Carbone John W JW a School of Health Sciences, 312 Marshall Building, Eastern Michigan University, Ypsilanti, MI 48197, - - 2014
The effects of short-term energy deficit (ED) on direct measures of muscle proteolysis and the intracellular mechanisms by which muscle proteins are degraded at rest and following aerobic exercise are not well described. This study evaluated the effects of a short-term diet-induced ED, on muscle fractional breakdown rate (FBR), intramuscular ...
Antonialli Fernanda Colella FC Postgraduate Program in Rehabilitation Sciences, Universidade Nove de Julho (UNINOVE), São Paulo, SP, - - 2014
Recent studies with phototherapy have shown positive results in enhancement of performance and improvement of recovery when applied before exercise. However, several factors still remain unknown such as therapeutic windows, optimal treatment parameters, and effects of combination of different light sources (laser and LEDs). The aim of this study was ...
Langhammer Birgitta B Faculty of Health, Oslo and Akershus University College , Oslo , Norway - - 2014
Abstract Introduction: Physical activity is mandatory if patients are to remain healthy and independent after stroke. Objective: Maintenance of motor function, tone, grip strength, balance, mobility, gait, independence in personal and instrumental activities of daily living, health-related quality-of-life and an active lifestyle 4 years post-stroke. Methods: A prospective randomized controlled ...
García-Ramos Amador A a Faculty of Sport Sciences , University of Granada , Granada , - - 2014
Abstract Prior reports have described the limitations of quantifying internal training loads using hear rate (HR)-based objective methods such as the training impulse (TRIMP) method, especially when high-intensity interval exercises are performed. A weakness of the TRIMP method is that it does not discriminate between exercise and rest periods, expressing ...
Michalsik L B LB Department of Public Health, Section of Sport Science, Aarhus University, Aarhus, Denmark - - - 2014
The aim of the present study was to examine differences in the physical demands imposed on male vs. female adult elite team handball players during match--play. Male and female elite team handball players were monitored over a six and five season time span, respectively. Each player was evaluated during match--play ...
D'Silva L L College of Engineering, Swansea University, Swansea, UK - - - 2014
Accurate estimation of energy expenditure (EE) is important in human and animal behaviour analysis. Rate of oxygen consumption (VO2) reflects EE during aerobic metabolism but is not always convenient. Alternative methods include heart rate (HR) and overall dynamic body acceleration (ODBA). A favourable ODBA---VO2 relationship was recently reported but the ...
Pradhan Kamnesh R KR Department of Pediatric Hematology-Oncology, Indiana University School of Medicine, Indianapolis, IN, - - 2014
Although regular physical activity is associated with lower all-cause and disease-specific mortality among breast cancer survivors (BCS), most BCS do not meet its recommended guidelines. Attention function, a domain of cognition, is essential for daily tasks such as exercising, a form of planned physical activity. We tested the hypotheses that ...
Aguiar P - - 2014
Objective:To determine the effects of rivastigmine patch associated with physical exercise versusrivastigmine patch alone in quality of life (QOL), cognition, activities of daily living (ADL) and functional mobility inAlzheimer's disease (AD)subjects. Methods: A randomized, controlled, single-blinded trial was conducted in 40 patients with mild to moderatestages of AD.All patients were ...
Kelly Scott A SA Ohio Wesleyan University - - 2014
Motivation and ability both underlie voluntary exercise, each with a potentially unique genetic architecture. Muscle structure and function are one of many morphological and physiological systems acting to simultaneously determine exercise ability. We generated a large (n = 815) advanced intercross line of mice (G4) derived from a line selectively ...
Avloniti Alexandra A 1Democritus University of Thrace, Department of Physical Education and Sport Sciences, Komotini, - - 2014
Although static stretching (SS) is an integral part of physical preparation before training and competition, its usefullnes in regards to power performance improvement has been questioned. The aim of this study was to investigate the effect of six static stretching (SS) durations on speed and agility performance. According to a ...
Gillard Nathan D - - 2014
To guard against coerced self-incrimination, the Supreme Court of the United States outlined in Miranda v. Arizona (1966) what arresting officers must convey to custodial suspects for resulting statements to be admissible into evidence. During the ensuing decades, the Court has continued to grapple with the requisite wording and practical ...
Pinto Matheus Daros MD 1Exercise Research Laboratory, Physical Education School, Federal University of Rio Grande do Sul, Porto Alegre, RS, Brazil. 2Laboratory of Neuromuscular Adaptations to Strength Training, School of Physical Education and Sport, University of São Paulo, São Paulo, SP, Brazil. 3Centre for Exercise and Sports Science Research, School of Exercise and Health Sciences, Edith Cowan University, Joondalup, - - 2014
It has been proposed that pre-exercise static stretching may reduce muscle force and power. Recent systematic and meta-analytical reviews have proposed a threshold regarding the effect of short (<45 s) and moderate (≥60 s) stretching durations on subsequent performance in a multi-joint task (e.g. jump performance), although its effect on ...
Stewart Kelly F J KF Department of Respiratory Medicine, NUTRIM School for Nutrition, Toxicology and Metabolism, Maastricht University Medical Center+, Maastricht, The Netherlands. Electronic address: - - 2014
To explore determinants of behavior change maintenance of a physically active lifestyle in patients with chronic obstructive pulmonary disease (COPD) 8-11 months after completion of a 4-month outpatient pulmonary rehabilitation program. A qualitative descriptive study of semistructured interviews. Pulmonary rehabilitation assessment center. Patients with COPD. Semistructured interviews until data saturation, ...
da Silva Alves Mariana Agnes MA Department of Human Movement Sciences, Federal University of São Paulo, Rua Silva Jardim, 136, Vila Mathias, Santos, São Paulo, 11015-020, Brazil, - - 2014
Despite the positive effects of low-level laser therapy (LLLT) on muscle fatigue before exercises using a single muscle group, the acute effects of LLLT on performance in cardiopulmonary exercise testing (CPET) are poorly understood. We aimed to assess the acute effects of LLLT on physiologic and electromyographic responses to the ...
Del Corral Tamara T Asociación Madrileña de Fibrosis Quística, Center for Advanced Studies, University La Salle, University Autonoma of Madrid, Madrid, Spain; Master Respiratory Medicine, Barcelona University and Pompeu Fabra University, Barcelona, - - 2014
Patients with cystic fibrosis (CF) are characterized by an abnormal ventilation response that limits the exercise capacity. Exercise training increases exercise capacity, decreases dyspnea and improves health-related quality of life in CF. Adherence to pulmonary rehabilitation programs is a key factor to guarantee optimal benefits and a difficult goal in ...
Lattari E - - 2014
Some electroencephalographic measures have been used to establish the relationship among cortical activity, exercise and mood, such as asymmetry, absolute and relative power. The purpose of this study is to investigate how changes in cortical activity influence mood state induced by exercise. The structure of the methods in this study ...
Mooses Martin M a Faculty of Sport and Exercise Sciences , University of Tartu , Tartu , - - 2014
Abstract The purpose of this study was to investigate the relationship between running economy (RE) and performance in a homogenous group of competitive Kenyan distance runners. Maximal aerobic capacity (VO2max) (68.8 ± 3.8 ml∙kg(-1)∙min(-1)) was determined on a motorised treadmill in 32 Kenyan (25.3 ± 5.0 years; IAAF performance score: 993 ± 77 p) distance runners. Leg anthropometry ...
Morrison Shawnda A SA a School of Physical Education, Sport and Exercise Sciences, University of Otago, PO Box 56, Dunedin, 9054, New - - 2014
Heat stress can increase gastrointestinal permeability, allowing ingress of gram-negative bacterial fragments and thus potentially inflammation and ultimately endotoxemia. Permeability may rise with intense exercise, yet some data indicate that endotoxemia may be mitigated with bovine colostrum supplementation. Using a double-blind, randomised, placebo-controlled crossover study, we tested whether bovine colostrum ...
Boyd David A DA 1The Moray House School of Education, Institute for Sport, Physical Education, & Health Sciences (SPEHS), University of Edinburgh, Edinburgh, UK. 2SportScotland Institute of Sport, Stirling, UK. 3School of Sport, Exercise, & Health Sciences, Loughborough University, Loughborough, UK. Health and Exercise Sciences Research Group, University of Stirling, Stirling, - - 2014
The purpose of this study was to compare acute CMJ responses following functional isometric (FI) and dynamic half (DH) squats. Ten strength-trained males (relative full back squat one repetition maximum (1RM): 1.9 ± 0.2) participated in a randomized crossover design study. On two separate days participants performed baseline CMJs followed ...
Dekleva Milica N MN Medical Faculty, University of Belgrade, Serbia; University Clinical Center "Zvezdara", Belgrade, Serbia. Electronic address: - - 2014
In patients with recent myocardial infarction (MI) limited exercise capacity during physical activity is an important symptom and the base for future treatment. The myocardial injury after MI leads to both systolic and diastolic left ventricular (LV) dysfunction. The aim of this study was to assess the relevance of systolic ...
Gommans L N M LN Catharina Hospital, Department of Vascular Surgery, P.O. Box 1350, 5602 ZA Eindhoven, The - - 2014
A number of reviews have reported the influence of exercise therapy (ET) for the treatment of intermittent claudication (IC). However, a complete overview of different types of ET is lacking. The aim of this meta-analysis was to study the effect of supervision on walking capacity in patients with IC. It ...
Cutter Christopher J CJ Yale University School of Medicine, Department of Psychiatry, New Haven, CT 06511 United States; Pain Treatment Services, APT Foundation, Inc., New Haven, CT 06519 United States. Electronic address: - - 2014
Few studies have examined exercise as a substance use disorder treatment. This pilot study investigated the feasibility and acceptability of an exercise intervention comprising the Wii Fit Plus™ and of a time-and-attention sedentary control comprising Wii™ videogames. We also explored their impact on physical activity levels, substance use, and psychological ...
Gomez Pedro Pablo PP Department of Surgery, University of Texas Health Science Center at San Antonio, San Antonio, Texas. Electronic address: - - 2014
The purpose of this study was to perform external validation, examine educational effectiveness, and confirm construct validity of a previously developed "intermediate-level, proficiency-based knot-tying and suturing curriculum" in preparing residents to achieve proficiency in more advanced open surgical techniques. A total of 47 postgraduate year-1 (PGY-1) surgery residents completed 6 ...
Cohen Sarah P SP University of Pittsburgh School of Medicine, 5806 Ellsworth Ave #1, Pittsburgh, PA 15232, United - - 2014
Disease progression in cystic fibrosis (CF) is marked by worsening exercise tolerance. Further, maximal exercise capacity (VO2 peak) correlates with survival in CF, but maximal tests are uncomfortable and resource-intensive. A three-minute step test (STEP) has been validated in CF. Heart rate (HR) recovery after exercise correlates with all-cause mortality ...
Straudi Sofia - - 2014
The aim of this study was to evaluate the safety, feasibility and preliminary effects of a high-intensity rehabilitative task-oriented circuit training (TOCT) in a sample of multiple sclerosis (MS) subjects on walking competency, mobility, fatigue and health-related quality of life (HRQoL). 24 MS subjects (EDSS 4.89 +/- 0.54, 17 female ...
Sampson John Andrew JA a School of Medicine , University of Wollongong , Wollongong , - - 2014
Abstract This investigation examines pacing during intermittent team sports. Sixteen junior Rugby League players participated in eight different small-sided offside touch games. All games were 24 min, but bout durations differed in continuous (1 × 24 min) or repeated (2 × 12, 3 × 8, 4 × 6, 6 × 4, 8 × 3, 12 × 2 or 24 × 1 min) formats. Repeat bouts were interspersed by 2 min ...
Heiwe Susanne S Department of Clinical Science, Karolinska Institutet, Stockholm, Sweden; Department of Medicine, Karolinska Institutet, Stockholm, Sweden; Division of Physical Therapy, Karolinska University Hospital, Stockholm, Sweden. Electronic address: - - 2014
Whether exercise can affect health outcomes in people with chronic kidney disease (CKD) and what the optimal exercise strategies are for patients with CKD remain uncertain. Systematic review and meta-analysis of randomized controlled trials. Adults with CKD stages 2-5, dialysis therapy, or a kidney transplant. Trials evaluating regular exercise training ...
Lee Den-Ching DC Allied Health Research Unit, Monash Health & Physiotherapy Department, Monash Health, Cheltenham, VIC, - - 2014
This paper examines whether involvement in an observational study may prompt participants to change their exercise behaviors. Data was collected from 394 older community dwellers in Victoria, Australia using a baseline survey, and 245 of these participated in a follow-up survey one year later. Survey domains were drawn from constructs ...
Faulkner James J School of Sport & Exercise, Massey University, Wellington, - - 2014
To assess the utility of a self-paced maximal oxygen uptake (VO2max) test (SPV) in eliciting an accurate measure of VO2max in comparison to a traditional graded exercise test (GXT) during motorised treadmill exercise. This was a cross-sectional experimental study whereby recreationally-trained men (n = 13; 25.5 ± 4.6y) completed two ...
Faghy Mark A MA School of Science, University of Derby, Derby, - - 2014
The relevance and importance of load carriage in recreational and occupational tasks has stimulated a large body of research. Exercise protocols have been criticised for a lack of relevance to occupational activities; accordingly the aim of this study was to assess the reliability of a preloaded time-trial protocol for load ...
Satonaka A A School of Medicine, Nagoya University2 Institute for Developmental Research, Aichi Human Service Center - - - 2014
There are no reports on the relationship between aerobic fitness and promising factors that may affect aerobic fitness in adults with chronic physical challenges and nonprogressive brain disease. However, our previous study suggested that aerobic fitness may be affected by the skewness of frequency distribution of continuous heart rate. To ...
Fernández-Elías Valentín E VE Exercise Physiology Laboratory, University of Castilla-La Mancha, Toledo, - - 2014
Caffeine is an ergogenic aid widely used prior to and during prolonged exercise. Due to its prolonged biological half-life caffeine effects could remain after exercise. We aimed to investigate the metabolic, respiratory and cardiovascular post-exercise responses to pre-exercise graded caffeine ingestion. Twelve aerobically trained subjects (mean VO2max = 54 ± ...
Andersen T R TR Copenhagen Centre for Team Sport and Health, Department of Nutrition, Exercise and Sports, University of Copenhagen, Copenhagen, - - 2014
The effects of 16 weeks of football or strength training on performance and functional ability were investigated in 26 (68.2 ± 3.2 years) untrained men randomized into a football (FG; n = 9), a strength training (ST; n = 9), or a control group (CO; n = 8). FG and ST trained 1.6 ± 0.1 and 1.5 ± 0.1 times per week, ...
Waller Benjamin B B. Waller, PT, MSc, Department of Health Sciences, University of Jyvaskyla, PO Box 35, FI-40014, Jyvaskyla, - - 2014
Current management of osteoarthritis (OA) focuses on pain control and maintaining physical function through pharmacological, non-pharmacological and surgical treatments. Exercise, including therapeutic aquatic exercise (TAE), is considered one of the most important management options. Nevertheless, there is no up-to-date systematic review describing the effect of TAE on symptoms and function ...
Annesi James J JJ Department of Health Promotion and Physical Education, Kennesaw State University, Kennesaw, GA, USA Wellness Department, YMCA of Metro Atlanta, Atlanta, GA, USA - - 2014
Increasing exercise in children and adolescents through academic classes is an understudied area. Potential benefits include associated improvements in health, psychosocial, and quality-of-life factors. A sample of 98 students (M age = 14.3) from high school health education classes received six, 40-min lessons incorporating cognitive-behavioral methods to increase exercise over ...
Chin Lisa M K LM Department of Rehabilitation Science, George Mason University, Fairfax, Virginia (Drs Chin, Woolstenhulme, and Keyser); and Rehabilitation Medicine Department, National Institutes of Health Clinical Center (Drs Chin, Chan, Woolstenhulme, and Keyser and Mr Christensen), and Center for Neuroscience and Regenerative Medicine (Drs Chan and Shenouda), Bethesda, - - 2014
To examine cardiorespiratory fitness in individuals with traumatic brain injury (TBI), before and following participation in a supervised 12-week aerobic exercise training program. Ten subjects with nonpenetrating TBI (TBI severity: mild, 50%; moderate, 40%; severe, 10%; time since injury [mean ± SD]: 6.6 ± 6.8 years) performed exercise training on ...
de Jesus K K Centre of Research, Education, -Innovation and Intervention in Sport, Faculty of Sport, -University of Porto, Porto, - - 2014
Cardiorespiratory response in swimming has been used to better understand aerobic performance, especially by assessing oxygen uptake (VO2). The current study aimed to compare different VO2 time-averaging intervals throughout low to severe swimming intensities, hypothesizing that VO2 values are similar for different time averages at low to moderate and heavy ...
Murgatroyd Scott R SR School of Biomedical Sciences, Faculty of Biological Sciences, University of Leeds, Leeds, - - 2014
The lactate threshold (LT), critical power (CP) and maximum oxygen uptake ([Formula: see text]) together partition exercise intensity domains by their common physiological, biochemical and perceptual response characteristics. CP is the greatest power output attainable immediately following intolerance at [Formula: see text], and the asymptote of 3 min all-out exercise. ...
Wang E E Department of Circulation and Medical Imaging, Faculty of Medicine, the Norwegian University of Science and -Technology, Trondheim, - - 2014
Cardiac output is shown to be a key determinant for oxygen transport, performance and health. Reliable and accurate non-invasive measurements of cardiac output, especially during exercise, are therefore of importance. The present study compared a new thoracic bioimpedance method with the established single-breath acetylene uptake method. We assessed cardiac output ...
Nolan P B PB Department of Sport and Exercise Science, The University of Auckland, Auckland, New - - 2014
We sought to determine the incidence of 'true' VO2max confirmation with the verification procedure across different protocols. 12 active participants (men n=6, women n=6) performed in random order 4 different maximal graded exercises tests (GXT) and verification bout protocols on 4 separate days. Conditions for the rest period and verification ...
Cardoso A A Department of Pulmonology Heart Institute (Incor), Faculty of Medicine University of São Paulo, São Paulo, Brazil - - - 2014
Regular physical exercises are associated to decreased morbidity and mortality, but their relationship with quality of life perception is still not well established. The aim of this paper was to compare cardiopulmonary exercise indicators of functional performance and quality of life (QOL) between a group of untrained elderly (GUE) and ...
Popov D D State Research Center of Russian Federation Institute for Biomedical Problems RAS, Moscow, Russia - - - 2014
It is known that intermittent aerobic exercise training program is more efficient for the improvement of aerobic performance than continuous one but molecular mechanisms of such effects are purely understood. The aim of the present study was to compare gene expression of mitochondrial biogenesis regulators (peroxisome proliferator-activated receptor γ coactivator ...
Lima Aluísio H R de A AH Graduate Program in Physical Education UPE/UFPB, School of Physical Education and Sports, University of Pernambuco, Recife, - - 2014
Patients with arteritis have a high risk of mortality from cardiovascular disorders. However, whether these patients benefit from an intervention involving exercise remains unclear. In this study, we assessed the effects of an unsupervised exercise program on walking capacity, quality of life, and cardiovascular parameters of a patient with arteritis. ...
Bosco Gerardo G Department of Biomedical Sciences, Laboratory of Physiology, University of Padova, - - 2014
Scuba diving has become a popular recreational sport throughout the world. Although it is not a competitive sport, a certain level of physical fitness is recommended because of the physical characteristics of the underwater environment. Immersion alone will increase cardiac preload leading to a rise in both cardiac output and ...
Buzzacott Peter P Adjunct Lecturer, School of Sport Science, Exercise and Health, the University of Western Australia, Perth, Australia, Marie Curie Research Fellow, Laboratoire Optimisation des Régulations Physiologiques, Université de Bretagne Occidentale, UFR Sciences et Techniques, 6 avenue Le Gorgeu, CS 93837, Brest Cedex 3, France, Phone: +33-(0)2-9801-6235, E-mail: - - 2014
Episodic exercise is a risk factor for acute cardiac events and cardiac complications are increasingly recognized in fatalities during recreational scuba diving. What is not known is the exercise intensity involved in typical recreational diving. This study used pre- to post-dive gas cylinder pressure drop to estimate air consumption and, ...
Kang Min-Hyeok MH Department of Rehabilitation Science, Graduate School, Inje University, Republic of - - 2014
[Purpose] This study investigated the changes in electromyographic (EMG) activities of the infraspinatus and posterior deltoid muscles during shoulder external rotation under open kinetic chain (OKC) and closed kinetic chain (CKC) exercise conditions. [Subjects] In total, 15 healthy males participated in this study. [Methods] Subjects performed shoulder external rotations under ...
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