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de Boer Sally S Green Lane Respiratory Services, Auckland City Hospital, Auckland, New - - 2014
Dyspnoea and exercise intolerance are common in sarcoidosis and are often poorly correlated with resting lung function. Measurement of peak exercise capacity is likely to be helpful in assessing and monitoring disease. The aim of this study was to compare the modified shuttle walk test (MSWT) to cardiopulmonary exercise test ...
Alkahtani Shaea A SA School of Exercise and Nutrition Sciences & Institute of Health and Biomedical Innovation, Queensland University of Technology, - - 2014
Compensatory responses may attenuate the effectiveness of exercise training in weight management. The aim of this study was to compare the effect of moderate- and high-intensity interval training on eating behaviour compensation. Using a cross-over design, 10 overweight and obese men participated in 4-week moderate- (MIIT) and high- (HIIT) intensity ...
Halperin I I School of Human Kinetics and Recreation, Memorial University of Newfoundland, St. John's, NL, A1C 5S7, - - 2014
Pacing strategies have been reported to occur during continuous cyclical exercises. However, currently no studies have examined if pacing takes place during repeated maximal voluntary muscle contractions (MVCs). Accordingly, the purpose of this study was to examine if informing subjects on the number of MVCs they would perform would affect ...
Seo Dae Yun DY National Research Laboratory for Mitochondrial Signaling, Department of Physiology, College of Medicine, Department of Health Sciences and Technology, Cardiovascular and Metabolic Disease Center, Inje University, Bok Ji-Ro 75, Busanjin-Gu, Busan, 613-735, Republic of - - 2014
Exercise and physical activity function as a patho-physiological process that can prevent, manage, and regulate numerous chronic conditions, including metabolic syndrome and age-related sarcopenia. Because of research ethics and technical difficulties in humans, exercise models using animals are requisite for the future development of exercise mimetics to treat such abnormalities. ...
Siebenmann C C Center for Integrative Human Physiology, Institute of Physiology, University of Zürich, Zürich, - - 2014
Several techniques assessing cardiac output (Q) during exercise are available. The extent to which the measurements obtained from each respective technique compares to one another, however, is unclear. We quantified Q simultaneously using four methods: the Fick method with blood obtained from the right atrium (QF ick- M ), Innocor ...
Porcelli Simone S 1National Research - - 2014
Patients with McArdle's disease (McA) typically show the "second wind" phenomenon, a sudden decrease in heart rate (HR) and an improved exercise tolerance occurring after a few minutes of exercise. In the present study we investigated whether in McA a first bout of exercise determines a second wind during a ...
Franchini Emerson E 1School of Physical Education and Sport, University of São Paulo, Brazil; 2Faculty of Sports Sciences, University of Montpellier, - - 2014
To determine the most effective strength periodization model is important to improve judo athletes' performance. Thus, the aim of this study was to compare the effects of linear and daily undulating periodized resistance training on anthropometrical, strength and judo-specific performance. For this, 13 adult male judo athletes (LP = 6 ...
Jiang Xiao-Feng - - 2014
Objectives: Recent studies have suggested that rehabilitation therapy can accelerate functional recovery after a stroke. Although often overlooked, the cortical hemisphere contralateral to an infarction plays an important role. This study investigates alterations in metabolism of both the damaged ('ipsilateral') as well as the undamaged ('contralateral') hemisphere using (18)F-fluorodeoxyglucose (FDG)-micro-positron ...
Wang Hailin H Cardiovascular Health Laboratory, Capital University of Physical Education and Sports, 11 Bei San Huan Xi Road, Beijing, 100191, People's Republic of - - 2014
To examine and compare systemic arterial stiffness responses in humans to acute continuous and interval low-intensity exercise. Fifteen healthy young men (21.2 ± 0.4 years) underwent non-exercise control (CON), continuous exercise (CE), and interval exercise trial (IE) in a randomized balanced self-control crossover design. Systemic arterial stiffness (Cardio-ankle vascular index, CAVI) was measured ...
Jagoda Allison A Human Performance Laboratory, Clinical Exercise Physiology Program, Ball State University, Muncie, IN, - - 2014
The exercise test is a powerful non-invasive tool for risk stratifying patients with or suspected of having cardiovascular disease (CVD). Heart rate (HR) response during and following exercise has been extensively studied. However, the clinical utility of HR response at the onset of exercise is less understood. Furthermore, conflicting reports ...
Cook Summer B SB Department of Kinesiology, University of New Hampshire, 124 Main Street, Durham, NH, 03824, USA, - - 2014
The aim of the study is to evaluate central and peripheral neuromuscular function in the knee extensors (KE) and plantar flexors (PF) after 30 days of unilateral lower limb suspension (ULLS) and to examine the effects of low-load blood flow restricted (BFR) resistance training on the KE during ULLS. Strength, cross-sectional ...
Cooke Matthew B MB College of Health and Biomedicine, Victoria University, PO Box 14428, Melbourne, 8001, Australia, - - 2014
The present study evaluated the effects of creatine monohydrate (CrM) consumption post-exercise on body composition and muscle strength in middle to older males following a 12-week resistance training program. In a double-blind, randomized trial, 20 males aged between 55 and 70 years were randomly assigned to consume either CrM-carbohydrate (CHO) [20 g days(-1) ...
Medolago G G Nuclear Medicine Department, Bergamo, - - 2014
Clinical applicability of the appropriate use criteria for SPECT myocardial perfusion imaging has not yet been evaluated in Italy. We investigated the applicability of the Appropriate Use Criteria (AUC) in Italy. The indications for testing were prospectively recorded in three different nuclear cardiology laboratories: a general hospital, an academic hospital, ...
Ghanbari-Firoozabadi M M Yazd Cardiovascular Research Center, Shahid Sadoughi University of Medical Sciences, Yazd, - - 2014
Cardiac rehabilitation is a way of improving the quality life of heart failure patients. Determining the effect of physical activity on the quality of life of patients with heart failure. This study was conducted on 34 patients affected by heart failure with an ejection fraction of less than 40%. The ...
Peterson Magnus M 1Department of Public Health and Caring Sciences, Uppsala University, Uppsala, - - 2014
Objective:To analyse treatment effects of eccentric vs. concentric graded exercise in chronic tennis elbow.Design:Randomized controlled trial.Setting:Primary care in Uppsala County, Sweden.Subjects:A total of 120 subjects with tennis elbow lasting more than three months were recruited from primary care and by advertisement.Intervention:Eccentric (n = 60) or concentric exercise (n = 60), ...
Sullivan S L SL Faculty of Veterinary Science, University of Melbourne, 250 Princes Highway, Werribee, Victoria, - - 2014
Exercise-induced pulmonary haemorrhage (EIPH) is associated with impaired short term performance but the consequences to the long term performance of Thoroughbred racehorses are unknown.The relationship between EIPH and long term performance has not been investigated. To determine the relationship between EIPH detected on a single occasion and long term athletic ...
Kooloos Jan G M JG Department of Anatomy, Radboud University Nijmegen Medical Centre, Nijmegen, The - - 2014
Clay modeling is increasingly used as a teaching method other than dissection. The haptic experience during clay modeling is supposed to correspond to the learning effect of manipulations during exercises in the dissection room involving tissues and organs. We questioned this assumption in two pretest-post-test experiments. In these experiments, the ...
Schmid Albrecht Ingo AI Center for Medical Physics and Biomedical Engineering, Medical University of Vienna, Währinger Gürtel 18-20, 1090, Wien, Austria; MR Centre of Excellence, Medical University of Vienna, Lazarettgasee 14, 1090, Wien, - - 2014
Skeletal muscle metabolism is impaired in disorders like diabetes mellitus or peripheral vascular disease. The skeletal muscle echo planar imaging (EPI) signal (SEPI ) and its relation to energy metabolism are still debated. Localised 31P MRS and SEPI data from gastrocnemius medialis of 19 healthy subjects were combined in one ...
Goosey-Tolfrey Victoria L VL The Peter Harrison Centre for Disability Sport, School of Sport, Exercise and Health Sciences, Loughborough University, Leicestershire, Loughborough, LE11 3TU, UK, - - 2014
To assess the validity of predicting peak oxygen uptake ([Formula: see text]) from differentiated ratings of perceived exertion (RPE) obtained during submaximal wheelchair propulsion. Three subgroups of elite male wheelchair athletes [nine tetraplegics (TETRA), nine paraplegics (PARA), eight athletes without spinal cord injury (NON-SCI)] performed an incremental speed exercise test ...
De Ridder E M D EM Department of Rehabilitation Sciences and Physical Therapy, Faculty of Medicine and Health Sciences, Ghent University, - - 2014
The present study examined the activity levels of the thoracic and lumbar extensor muscles during different extension exercise modalities in healthy individuals. Therefore, 14 subjects performed four different types of extension exercises in prone position: dynamic trunk extension, dynamic-static trunk extension, dynamic leg extension, and dynamic-static leg extension. Pre- and ...
Ehlken Nicola N Department of Pneumology, Thoraxclinic Heidelberg, Amalienstrasse 5, 69126, Heidelberg, Germany, - - 2014
Exercise training as an add-on to medical therapy has been shown to improve exercise capacity, quality of life, and possibly prognosis in patients with pulmonary hypertension (PH). The purpose of this study was to analyze the impact of exercise training on healthcare costs in PH. Estimated healthcare costs have been ...
Batterham A M AM Teesside University, Health and Social Care Institute, Middlesbrough, - - 2014
/st>Evidence is limited for the effectiveness of interventions for survivors of critical illness after hospital discharge. We explored the effect of an 8-week hospital-based exercise-training programme on physical fitness and quality-of-life. /st>In a parallel-group minimized controlled trial, patients were recruited before hospital discharge or in the intensive care follow-up clinic ...
Gerlinsky Carling D CD Department of Zoology, University of British Columbia, 2202 Main Mall, Vancouver, BC, V6T 1Z4, Canada, - - 2014
The diving ability of marine mammals is a function of how they use and store oxygen and the physiological control of ventilation, which is in turn dependent on the accumulation of CO2. To assess the influence of CO2 on physiological control of dive behaviour, we tested how increasing levels of ...
Müller Jan J Department of Pediatric Cardiology and Congenital Heart Disease, Deutsches Herzzentrum München, Technische Universität München, Germany. Electronic address: - - 2014
Percutaneous pulmonary valve implantation (PPVI) has emerged as a new approach to treat patients with dysfunctional pulmonary valve conduits. Short- and midterm results have outlined hemodynamic improvements and increase in exercise performance. However, there is a lack of knowledge about quality of life at short term follow-up. From July 2007 ...
Nybo Lars L 1Department of Nutrition, Exercise and Sport Sciences, August Krogh Building, University of Copenhagen, Denmark and 2Team Denmark, House of Sport, Brondby, - - 2014
To investigate the physiological basis of continued world-class performance of a world-class rower who won medals (3 gold and 2 bronze) at five consecutive Olympic Games. From the age of 19 to 40 years, maximal oxygen uptake (VO2max), peak heart rate, blood lactate and rowing ergometer performance were assessed annually. ...
Miyamoto Naokazu N 1National Institute of Fitness and Sports in Kanoya, Kanoya, Kagoshima, Japan 2Faculty of Sport Sciences, Waseda University, Tokorozawa, Saitama, - - 2014
Existing studies have failed to provide evidence of a positive effect on exercise performance by wearing a compression short-tight covering only both thighs. This could be due to an inadequate pressure intensity that otherwise has a significant effect if applied on the crucial point in the thigh. This study aimed ...
Hug B B Swiss Federal Institute of Sport, Section for Elite Sport, Magglingen, - - 2014
The purpose of this study was to investigate changes in post-exercise heart rate recovery (HRR) and heart rate variability (HRV) during an overload-tapering paradigm in marathon runners and examine their relationship with running performance. 9 male runners followed a training program composed of 3 weeks of overload followed by 3 ...
Di Donato Danielle M DM 1McMaster - - 2014
Aerobic exercise is typically associated with expansion of the mitochondrial protein pool and improvements in muscle oxidative capacity. The impact of aerobic exercise intensity on the synthesis of specific skeletal muscle protein sub-fractions is not known. We aimed to study the effect of aerobic exercise intensity on rates of myofibrillar ...
Oliveira Ana A School of Health Sciences, University of Aveiro (ESSUA), 3810-193 Aveiro, Portugal. Electronic address: - - 2014
Spina Bifida (SB) is characterized by several physical impairments; however, data on physical fitness and on the benefits of exercise training in individuals with SB are dispersed in the literature. Thus, this systematic review aimed to describe (i) physical fitness components (cardiorespiratory endurance, muscle strength, body composition, flexibility and neuromotor) ...
Dhoble Abhijeet A The Heart Institute, Cedars-Sinai Medical Center, Los Angeles, California; Cardiopulmonary Exercise Testing Laboratory, Division of Cardiovascular Diseases, Mayo Clinic, Rochester, Minnesota. Electronic address: - - 2014
Utility of cardiopulmonary exercise test is unknown in patients with aortic stenosis. In this retrospective study, we examined the maximal indexes of cardiopulmonary testing at peak exercise in 155 consecutive patients with aortic valve area of ≤1.5 cm(2) who were referred for this test. The patients were passively followed up to ...
Sun Yingwei Y Department of Radiology, Shengjing Hospital of China Medical University, Shenyang, Liaoning 110004, - - 2014
Little is known about the value of (31)P-magnetic resonance spectroscopy ((31)P-MRS) in in vivo assessment of exhaustive exercise-induced injury in skeletal muscle. We aimed to evaluate the value of a (31)P-MRS study using the quadriceps femoris after a single bout of acute exhaustive swimming in rats, and the correlation between ...
Kann Duane F - - 2014
This article is about the experiences gained from the largest full-scale exercise ever conducted in the State of Florida, specifically regarding the Orlando International Airport (MCO) venues. The exercise was centred on an airplane crashing into a hotel just outside of MCO property. The scenario clarified details regarding Incident Command ...
Marín P J PJ Laboratory of Physiology, European University Miguel de Cervantes, Valladolid, - - 2014
Objectives: To examine the post-exercise cross-transfer effects of acute whole body vibration (WBV). Methods: Seventeen healthy male volunteers (20.8±1.2 y) performed three unilateral vibration conditions in a randomized order: 1) WBV-50 Hz [high amplitude]; 2) WBV-30 Hz [low amplitude]; and 3) a control no WBV condition (Sham) applied to the ...
Hashizume Hiroshi H Department of Orthopaedic Surgery, Wakayama Medical University , Wakayama City, Wakayama , - - 2014
Abstract Objectives. To develop and evaluate an exercise program that the elderly could sustainably perform in the community or at home to recover from locomotive syndrome. Methods. We produced 2 types of teaching media, video and pamphlet, describing 10 physical and mobility training exercises. The pilot study examined changes in ...
Kung Ethan - - 2014
Background: Reduced exercise capacity is nearly universal among Fontan patients, though its etiology is not yet fully understood. While previous computational studies have attempted to model Fontan exercise, they did not fully account for global physiologic mechanisms nor directly compare results against clinical and physiologic data. Methods: In this study ...
Kent Sandra E SE GlaxoSmithKline, London, - - 2014
Exercise-induced bronchoconstriction (EIB) describes the condition whereby exercise causes airflow obstruction that lasts for up to 90 minutes without treatment. This double-blind, placebo-controlled, five-way crossover study investigated the dose response and duration of action of a 5-lipoxygenase-activating protein inhibitor, GSK2190915, to inhibit EIB in subjects with asthma. Forty-seven subjects with ...
Talwar Sachin - - 2014
To compare cardiopulmonary exercise capacity of patients undergoing primary total cavopulmonary connection (TCPC) with those undergoing TCPC after a prior bidirectional Glenn (BDG). Out of 42 patients in this study, 24 had undergone primary TCPC while 18 had undergone staged TCPC. The peak oxygen consumption (O(2) peak), O(2) pulse, chronotropic ...
Tian Yan Y a Department of Communication , University of Missouri-St. - - 2014
This study investigates audience responses to health-related reality TV shows in the setting of The Biggest Loser. It conceptualizes a model for audience members' parasocial interaction and identification with cast members and explores antecedents and outcomes of parasocial interaction and identification. Data analysis suggests the following direct relationships: (1) audience ...
Nicholson Vaughan Patrick VP School of Health and Sport Sciences, University of the Sunshine Coast Australia, Sippy Downs, QLD, - - 2014
To determine the effectiveness of unsupervised Nintendo Wii Fit balance training in older adults. 41 older adults were recruited from local retirement villages and educational settings to participate in a six-week two-group repeated measures study. The Wii group (n = 21, 75 ± 6 yr) undertook 30 minutes of unsupervised ...
Hawkins Jemma L JL DECIPHer UKCRC Public Health Research Centre of Excellence, School of Social Sciences, Cardiff University, Cardiff, - - 2014
Previous research has suggested that gardening activity could be an effective form of regular exercise for improving physical and psychological health in later life. However, there is a lack of data regarding the exercise intensities of various gardening tasks across different types of gardening and different populations. The purpose of ...
Roos Paulien E - - 2014
Anterior cruciate ligament (ACL) injured individuals often show asymmetries between the injured and non-injured leg. A better understanding of the underlying motor control could help to improve rehabilitation. Double leg squat exercises allow for compensation strategies. This study therefore investigated motor control strategies during a double leg squat with the ...
Monticone Marco M Physical Medicine and Rehabilitation Unit, Scientific Institute of Lissone, Salvatore Maugeri Foundation, Institute of Care and Research, IRCCS, Via Monsignor Bernasconi, 16, Lissone, 20035, Milan, Italy, - - 2014
To evaluate the effect of a programme of active self-correction and task-oriented exercises on spinal deformities and health-related quality of life (HRQL) in patients with mild adolescent idiopathic scoliosis (AIS) (Cobb angle <25°). This was a parallel-group, randomised, superiority-controlled study in which 110 patients were randomly assigned to a rehabilitation ...
Hebestreit Helge - - 2014
Health-related and disease-specific quality of life (HRQoL) has been increasingly valued as relevant clinical parameter in cystic fibrosis (CF) clinical care and clinical trials. HRQoL measures should assess - among other domains - daily functioning from a patient's perspective. However, validation studies for the most frequently used HRQoL questionnaire in ...
Smith Ashleigh E AE School of Paediatrics and Reproductive Health, Robinson Institute, The University of Adelaide, Adelaide, Australia, - - 2014
Regular physical activity can have positive effects on brain function and plasticity. Indeed, there is some limited evidence that even a single bout of exercise may promote plasticity within the cortex. However, the mechanisms by which exercise acutely promotes plasticity are not clear. To further explore the effects of acute ...
Beneck George J GJ 1Department of Physical Therapy California State University Long Beach, Long Beach, CA, - - 2014
Objective:The purpose of the study was to examine changes in quality of life measures in patients who have undergone an intensive exercise program following a single level microdiskectomy.Design:Randomized controlled trial with blinded examiners.Setting:The study was conducted in outpatient physical therapy clinics.Subjects:Ninety-eight participants (53 male, 45 female) who had undergone a ...
Cree-Green Melanie M 1Division of Endocrinology, Department of Pediatrics, 2Department of Radiology, 3Department of Internal Medicine, 4Center for Women's Health Research, University of Colorado Anschutz, Aurora, CO; 5Department of Clinical and Diagnostic Sciences, University of Alabama at Birmingham, Birmingham, - - 2014
Insulin resistance (IR) is increasingly prevalent in children, and may be related to muscle mitochondrial dysfunction, necessitating development of mitochondrial assessment techniques. Recent studies used Phosphorus magnetic resonance spectroscopy (P-MRS), a non-invasive technique appealing for clinical research. P-MRS requires exercise at a precise percentage of maximum volitional contraction (MVC). MVC ...
Lake Jason P JP 1Department of Sport and Exercise Sciences, University of Chichester, College Lane, Chichester, United Kingdom 2Human Performance Laboratory, University of Salford, Salford, United - - 2014
The aim of this study was to quantify the load that maximized peak and mean power, as well as impulse applied to these loads, during the push press and to compare them to equivalent jump squat data. Resistance-trained men performed two push press (n = 17; age: 25.4 ± 7.4 ...
Wirianski A A Jaw Function and Orofacial Pain Research Unit, Westmead Hospital Centre for Oral Health, Faculty of Dentistry, University of Sydney, Professorial Unit, Level 2, Westmead, NSW, - - 2014
The aim was to investigate the effects of isotonic resistance exercise on the electro-myographic (EMG) activity of the jaw muscles during standardised jaw movements. In 12 asymptomatic adults surface EMG activity was recorded from the anterior temporalis and masseter muscles bilaterally and the right anterior digastric muscle during right lateral ...
Wibmer T T University Hospital of Ulm, Department of Internal Medicine II, Ulm, Germany. - - 2014
Pulse transit time (PTT), the interval between ventricular electrical activity and peripheral pulse wave, is assumed to be a surrogate marker for blood pressure (BP) changes. The objective of this study was to analyze PTT and its relation to BP during cardiopulmonary exercise tests (CPET). In 20 patients (mean age ...
Robergs Robert A RA School of Human Movement Studies, Charles Sturt University, Allen House, Building N1, 1:28 2:23, Bathurst, NSW, 2795, Australia, - - 2014
Research into the rate of whole-body oxygen consumption (VO2) kinetics during exercise increments to low- to moderate-intensity steady-state exercise was originally based on the theory of linear first-order VO2 kinetics, implying that the VO2 response to steady-state exercise increments is a mono-exponential response of the same time constant (tau, τ) ...
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