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Amin Daniel James DJ Centre for Human Performance, University Centre Doncaster, Melton Road, High Melton, Doncaster DN5 7SZ, UK. Electronic address: - - 2014
In recent years the practice of yoga has gained popularity as a form of physical fitness and exercise, and has been said to improve strength and flexibility. The main objective of this research project was to evaluate the effects of a six week Iyengar yoga intervention on flexibility. N = 16 low ...
Verger Antoine - - 2013
Injected doses are difficult to optimize for exercise SPECT since they depend on the myocardial fraction of injected activity (MFI) that is detected by the camera. The aim of this study was to analyse the factors affecting MFI determined using a cardiac CZT camera as compared with those determined using ...
Verheijden Klompstra Leonie - - 2013
Background:Physical activity can improve exercise capacity, quality of life and reduce mortality and hospitalization in patients with heart failure (HF). Adherence to exercise recommendations in patients with HF is low. The use of exercise games (exergames) might be a way to encourage patients with HF to exercise especially those who ...
Loughney L L Critical Care Research Area, NIHR Respiratory BRU, University of Southampton and University Hospital Southampton, Southampton, - - 2014
Cardiopulmonary exercise testing by cycle ergometry (CPET(leg)) is an established assessment tool of perioperative physical fitness. CPET utilizing arm ergometry (CPET(arm)) is an attractive alternative in patients with lower limb dysfunction. We aimed to determine whether oxygen uptake obtained by CPET(leg) could be predicted by using CPET(arm) alone and whether ...
Meucci Marco - - 2013
Inactivity is a primary factor related to childhood obesity, yet aerobic exercise has been shown to prevent weight gain and improve fitness in adolescents. Moreover, children become less active during their summer break from school. This study compared the effects of 4 and 8 weeks of supervised summer activity versus ...
Diego Alejandro M AM From the *Department of Pediatrics, University of Texas Medical Branch, Galveston; †Shriners Hospitals for Children, Galveston, Texas; ‡University of Texas Medical Branch, School of Medicine, Galveston; and §Department of Surgery, University of Texas Medical Branch, - - 2013
Exercise programs capable of contributing positively to the long-term rehabilitation of burn patients should be included in outpatient rehabilitation programs. However, the extent and intensity of the resistance and cardiopulmonary exercise prescribed are unclear. This study was conducted to investigate the existence, design, content, and prescription of outpatient cardiopulmonary and ...
Calvo-Ayala Enrique - - 2013
ICU admissions are ever increasing across the United States. Following critical illness, physical functioning (PF) may be impaired for up to 5 years. We performed a systematic review of randomized controlled trials evaluating the efficacy of interventions targeting PF among ICU survivors. The objective of this study was to identify ...
Mitchell Marc S - - 2013
Less than 5% of U.S. adults accumulate the required dose of exercise to maintain health. Behavioral economics has stimulated renewed interest in economic-based, population-level health interventions to address this issue. Despite widespread implementation of financial incentive-based public health and workplace wellness policies, the effects of financial incentives on exercise initiation ...
Yu Wonjong W Department of Physical Therapy, Seonam University, Republic of - - 2013
[Purpose] This study investigated the effects of resistance exercise using Thera-band on balance of elderly adults. [Methods] Subjects (age range, 60-70 years) were randomly assigned to an experimental (n=12) or control group (n=12). The experimental group performed stretching and resistance exercises, and the control group performed stretching exercises only. Before and ...
Callewaert Margot - - 2013
Purpose: To develop a sailing ergometer that accurately simulates upwind sailing exercise. Methods: A sailing ergometer that measures roll moment accompanied by a biofeedback system that allows imposing a certain quasi-isometric upwind sailing protocol (ie, 18 bouts of 90-s hiking at constantly varying hiking intensity interspersed with 10 s to ...
Kim Seonggil S Department of Rehabilitation Science, Graduate School, Daegu University, Republic of - - 2013
[Purpose] The aim of this study was to examine the effects of horse riding exercise using a horse riding simulator (HRS) and a ball on static and dynamic balance of elderly people. [Methods] Thirty-two elderly people hospitalized in geriatric hospitals were randomly assigned to the HRS exercise group or the ...
Wells Cherie - - 2013
Pilates exercise is recommended for people with chronic low back pain (CLBP). In the literature, however, Pilates exercise is described and applied differently to treat people with CLBP. This makes it difficult to evaluate its effectiveness. The aim of this study was to establish a consensus regarding the definition and ...
Peterson Alexis B - - 2013
Physical activity, and specifically exercise, has shown promise as an intervention for drug addiction; however, the exercise conditions that produce the most efficacious response, as well as its underlying mechanism, are unknown. In this study, we examined the dose-dependent effects of wheel running, an animal model of exercise, during abstinence ...
Kozey-Keadle Sarah - - 2013
Individuals may compensate for exercise training by modifying non-exercise behavior (i.e., increase sedentary time (ST) and decrease non-exercise physical activity (NEPA)). To compare ST and NEPA during a 12-week exercise training and/or lifestyle intervention. Fifty-seven overweight/obese participants (19 M/39 F) completed the study (mean ± SD; age 43.6 ± 9.9 ...
Nibbeling Nicky - - 2013
To investigate to what degree exercise-induced fatigue influences behavioural choices, participants' transition from running to rifle shooting in a pursue-and-shoot task was assessed. Participants ran on a treadmill and chased a target in a virtual environment and were free to choose when to stop the treadmill and shoot at the ...
Brocki Barbara Cristina - - 2013
Surgical resection enhances long-term survival after lung cancer, but survivors face functional deficits and report on poor quality of life long time after surgery. This study evaluated short and long-term effects of supervised group exercise training on health-related quality of life and physical performance in patients, who were radically operated ...
Teopompi Elisabetta - - 2013
In patients with COPD, we investigated the effect of the fat-free mass (FFM) on maximal exercise capacity and the relationship with changes in operational lung volumes during exercise. In a cross-sectional study fifty-seven patients (16 females; age 65 ± 8 yrs) were consecutively assessed by resting lung function, symptom-limited cardiopulmonary ...
De Mey Kristof - - 2013
: During resistance training protocols, people are often encouraged to target the scapular stabilizing musculature (middle and lower trapezius and serratus anterior) while minimizing shoulder prime mover activation (upper trapezius and large glenohumeral muscles) in their training regime, especially in overhead athletes with scapular dyskinesis. In order to increase the ...
Rider Brian C - - 2013
: There is a growing trend for runners to use compression stockings (CS) to improve performance. The purpose of this study was to determine the effect of CS on physiological variables associated with running performance. Participants were ten NCAA Division III cross-country runners. The study utilized a randomized, crossover design ...
Stanley Jamie - - 2013
We investigated the acute effects of cold water immersion (CWI) or passive recovery (PAS) on physiological responses during high-intensity interval training (HIIT). In a crossover design, 14 cyclists completed 2 HIIT sessions (HIIT1 and HIIT2) separated by 30 min. Between HIIT sessions, they stood in cold water (10 °C) up to their ...
Dolezal Brett A - - 2013
Heart rate variability (HRV) reflects a healthy autonomic nervous system and is increased with physical training. Methamphetamine dependence (MD) causes autonomic dysfunction and diminished HRV. We compared recently abstinent MD participants with age-matched, drug free controls (DF) and also investigated whether HRV can be improved with exercise training in the ...
Nimmerichter Alfred - - 2013
Limited research has suggested that acute exposure to negatively charged ions may enhance cardio-respiratory function, aerobic metabolism and recovery following exercise. To test the physiological effects of negatively charged air ions, 14 trained males (age: 32 ± 7 years; [Formula: see text]: 57 ± 7 mL min(-1) kg(-1)) were exposed for 20 min to either a high-concentration of air ...
McDermott Brendon P BP Athletic Training Education Program, Department of Health, Human Performance and Recreation, University of Arkansas, - - 2013
Athletic trainers recommend and use a multitude of rehydration (REHY) methods with their patients. The REHY modality that most effectively facilitates recovery is unknown. To compare 5 common REHY methods for thermoregulatory and stress hormone recovery after exercise dehydration (EXDE) in trained participants. Randomized, cross-over, controlled study. Twelve physically active, ...
Calligaro Gregory L - - 2013
Abstract Dynamic hyperinflation (DH) during exercise is associated with both dyspnea and exercise limitation in COPD. Metronome-paced tachypnoea (MPT) is a simple alternative for studying DH. We compared MPT with exercise testing (XT) as methods of provoking DH, and assessed their relationship with dyspnea. We studied 24 patients with moderate ...
Loomba Rohit S - - 2013
Fontan fenestration closure is a topic of great debate. The body of data regarding the risks and benefits of fenestration closure is limited yet growing. Previous studies have demonstrated that Fontan patients have less exercise capacity than those with normal cardiovascular anatomy. Differences also have been noted within various subgroups ...
Boerlage-van Dijk Kirsten - - 2013
MitraClip implantation reduces mitral regurgitation effectively but decreases mitral valve area, creating iatrogenic mitral stenosis. Evaluation with transesophageal echocardiography intraprocedurally is necessary to measure mitral regurgitation and mitral valve pressure gradient (MVPG) to determine whether it is necessary and safe to place more clips. The aim of this study was ...
Courneya Kerry S - - 2013
Exercise improves physical functioning and symptom management during breast cancer chemotherapy, but the effects of different doses and types of exercise are unknown. A multicenter trial in Canada randomized 301 breast cancer patients to thrice-weekly supervised exercise during chemotherapy consisting of either a standard dose of 25 to 30 minutes ...
Ricci Cristian - - 2013
Exercise training improves both exercise tolerance and Quality of Life in patients with chronic obstructive pulmonary disease (COPD). The intensity of exercise training is crucial to achieve a true physiological effect. However, in COPD patients, exertional dyspnea and leg fatigue mean that the patient cannot maintain intensity of training for ...
Partridge Julie A - - 2013
CrossFit is a growing fitness trend in the United States; however, little systematic research has addressed specific motivational principles within this unique exercise environment. The purpose of the study was to explore the influence of gender and membership time on perceptions of motivational climate and goals within the CrossFit environment. ...
Spitz Marissa G - - 2013
Athletes often compete in cold environments and may face delays due to weather or race logistics between performance of a warm-up and the start of the race. This study sought to determine, 1) whether a delay after warm-up affects subsequent time trial (TT) performance and, 2) if exposure to a ...
Sakadjian Alex - - 2013
This study investigated the effectiveness of action observation (AO) on facilitating learning of the power clean technique (kinematics) compared to traditional strength coaching methods; and whether improvements in performance (kinetics) were associated with an improvement in lifting technique. Fifteen subjects (age 20.9±2.3 years) with no experience in performing the power ...
Burton Elissa - - 2013
Restorative home care services help older people maximise their independence using a multi-dimensional approach. They usually include an exercise program designed to improve the older person's strength, balance and function. The types of programs currently offered require allocation of time during the day to complete specific exercises. This is not ...
Cook Brian - - 2013
To examine associations among pathological motivations for exercise with eating disorder (ED) specific health-related quality of life (HRQOL). Survey data assessing ED severity (i.e., Eating Disorder Diagnostic Survey), ED specific HRQOL (i.e., Eating Disorders Quality of Life Instrument), and pathological motivations for exercise (i.e., Exercise Dependence Scale) were collected from ...
Borji Rihab - - 2013
This study examined neuromuscular fatigue after high-intensity intermittent exercise in 10 men with mild intellectual disability (ID) in comparison with 10 controls. Both groups performed three maximal voluntary contractions (MVC) of knee extension with 5min in-between. The highest level achieved was selected as reference MVC. The fatiguing exercise consists of ...
Sparks S Andy - - 2013
The aim of this study was to evaluate the carriage of a portable gas analyser during prolonged treadmill exercise at a variety of speeds. Ten male participants completed six trials at different speeds (4, 8 and 12 km h(- 1)) for 40 min whilst wearing the analyser (P) or where the analyser was externally ...
Gist Nicholas H - - 2013
Sprint interval training (SIT) involving repeated 30-s "all out" efforts have resulted in significantly improved skeletal muscle oxidative capacity, maximal oxygen uptake, and endurance performance. The positive impact of SIT on cardiorespiratory fitness has far-reaching health implications. The objective of this study was to perform a systematic review of the ...
McCulloch Robert - - 2013
A 23-year-old male British soldier developed a progressive sensory loss and weakness in his right arm during a 12 km training run with a load of approximately 70 kg. There was no recovery of his symptoms within 3 months and both MRI and USS did not demonstrate a site of ...
Larsen I - - 2013
Physical activity is central in prevention and treatment of metabolic syndrome. High-intensity aerobic exercise can induce larger energy expenditure per unit of time compared with moderate-intensity exercise. Furthermore, it may induce larger energy expenditure at post-exercise recovery. The aim of this study is to compare the excess post-exercise oxygen consumption ...
Chamberlain Sarah - - 2013
For people with refractory chronic cough, nonpharmacological interventions are emerging as alternatives to antitussive medications. These treatments generally are delivered by physiotherapists and speech and language therapists and consist of education, breathing exercises, cough suppression techniques, and counselling. Although the number of studies investigating these treatment options has increased in ...
Schoos Mikkel Malby - - 2013
Chronic obstructive pulmonary disease (COPD) reduces exercise capacity, but lung function parameters do not fully explain functional class and lung-heart interaction could be the explanation. We evaluated echocardiographic predictors of mortality and six minutes walking distance (6MWD), a marker for quality of life and mortality in COPD. Ninety COPD patients ...
Patel Ankit - - 2013
There is significant growth in the use of the robotic surgery platform in the general surgery community. Current pre-requisites for robot surgery training include performing basic tasks on a simulator and achieving a minimum overall score for each task. However, there is limited information about these tasks related to performance ...
Jones Jane Redfern - - 2013
Henry Ford said: 'Anyone who stops learning is old, whether at 20 or 80. Anyone who keeps learning stays young. The greatest thing in life is to keep your mind young.'
Olson Thomas P - - 2013
This study examined the validity of a novel software application to quantify measures of periodic breathing rest (PB) and oscillatory ventilation during exercise (EOV) in heart failure patients (HF). Eleven male HF patients (age=53±8yrs, ejection fraction=17±4, New York Heart Association Class=III(7)/IV(4) were recruited. Ventilation and gas exchange were collected breath-by-breath. ...
Kraal Jos J - - 2013
Physical training has beneficial effects on exercise capacity, quality of life and mortality in patients after a cardiac event or intervention and is therefore a core component of cardiac rehabilitation. However, cardiac rehabilitation uptake is low and effects tend to decrease after the initial rehabilitation period. Home-based training has the ...
Jácome Cristina I O - - 2013
Pulmonary Rehabilitation (PR) is effective in improving exercise capacity and health-related quality of life in patients with moderate-to-very-severe COPD. Quadriceps strength and health-related quality of life (HRQL) can be impaired in patients with mild COPD, therefore, patients at this grade may already benefit from PR. However, the impact of PR ...
Nägel Inga J IJ University of Konstanz, - - 2013
The present study investigates the interaction of exercise and sleep on state-like personal resources in employees' daily lives. Further, the study examines the association between state-like personal resources and emotional exhaustion. We conducted a diary study over five consecutive working days (total of 443 days) with 144 employees who answered ...
Spector Denise - - 2013
. African American breast cancer survivors engage in less physical activity compared with their Caucasian counterparts. There is a need for exercise intervention research that focuses on improving the overall health and long-term survivorship of African American breast cancer survivors, especially because they often have worse outcomes than Caucasian survivors. ...
Ozbulut Omer - - 2013
The aims of this study were to compare aerobic and anaerobic exercise capacities, pulmonary functions, body composition and fat distribution parameters in patients with schizophrenia and healthy controls and to investigate the associations among these parameters. Sixty (30 male, 30 female) patients with schizophrenia and 60 (30 male, 30 female) ...
Krafft Cynthia E - - 2013
Children with low aerobic fitness have altered brain function compared to higher-fit children. This study examined the effect of an 8-month exercise intervention on resting state synchrony. Twenty-two sedentary, overweight (body mass index ⩾ 85th percentile) children 8-11 years old were randomly assigned to one of two after-school programs: aerobic ...
Stefaniak Jill E - - 2013
Instructional strategies must be balanced when subjecting students to full-immersion simulation so as not to discourage learning and increase cognitive overload. The purpose of this study was to determine if participating in a simulation exercise before lecture yielded better performance outcomes among novice learners. Twenty-nine participants were divided into 2 ...
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