Search Results
Results 601 - 650 of 2106
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Yoshida T - - 2013
To investigate the high-energy phosphate metabolism by (31) P-nuclear magnetic resonance spectroscopy during off-transition of exercise in different muscle groups, such as calf muscles and biceps femoris muscles, seven male long-distance runners (LDR) and nine untrained males (UT) performed both submaximal constant and incremental exercises. The relative exercise intensity was ...
Salbach Nancy Margaret - - 2013
BACKGROUND: The purpose of this article is to describe the development and evaluation of a task-oriented group exercise program, delivered through a municipal recreation program, for community-dwelling people with neurological conditions. METHODS: Physical therapists (PTs) at a rehabilitation hospital partnered with a municipal recreation provider to develop and evaluate a ...
Strasser Barbara - - 2013
Purpose: Current evidence suggests many health benefits from physical activity during and after cancer treatment. However, the optimal exercise program for cancer survivors has not yet been established. The purpose of this meta-analysis is to summarize evidence for the efficacy of resistance training (RT) interventions to improve muscle strength, body ...
Latimer-Cheung Amy E - - 2013
OBJECTIVE: To conduct a systematic review of evidence surrounding the effects of exercise training on physical fitness, mobility, fatigue and health-related quality of life in adults with MS. Data Sources: The databases included: EMBASE 1980 to 2011 Week 12; Ovid MEDLINE(R) and Ovid OLDMEDLINE(R) 1947 to March Week 3 2011; ...
Ryan Terence E - - 2013
PURPOSE: Previous studies have used near-infrared spectroscopy (NIRS) to measure skeletal muscle mitochondrial capacity. This study tested the hypothesis that NIRS measured mitochondrial capacity would improve with endurance exercise training and decline with detraining. METHODS: Nine, young, participants performed four weeks of progressively increasing endurance exercise training of the wrist ...
Miranda Eduardo Foschini - - 2013
BACKGROUND: Light-emitting diodes (LED) have been used to minimize muscle fatigue in athletes and healthy subjects. Patients with chronic obstructive pulmonary disease (COPD) are susceptible to early muscle fatigue. OBJECTIVE: The objective of this study is to investigate the acute effects of LED on muscle function, exercise capacity and cardiorespiratory ...
Vachon Pierre J - - 2013
Expert opinion on life expectancy must make reasonable factual assumptions, which entails finding a proper group to which the individual being assessed will be compared, as well as use of appropriate and reliable technical methods. Reasonable judgment should be exercised in the selection of the studies employed. A schedule of ...
Zouhal Hassane H Movement, Sport and health Sciences Laboratory (M2S), Rennes 2 University - ENS Cachan, - - 2013
The study aimed to compare the physiological and perceptual responses of two high intensity intermittent aerobic exercises (HIIE), i.e. the 15s/15s exercise and an exercise on the Hoff track (HTE). In this within-subject repeated measures study, seven high-level soccer players (Age: 24.1± 4.5yr; Height: 175± 0.04cm; Body mass: 67.9± 9.0kg;% ...
Schega Lutz - - 2013
Background: Physical exercise has a positive effect on cognitive performance and quality of life (QoL). One reason for this is the upregulation of brain-derived neurotrophic factor, which improves brain plasticity. Intermittent hypoxia promotes first the proliferation of endogenous neuroprogenitors which leads to an increased number of newborn neurons and second ...
Jensen Brock T - - 2013
PURPOSE:: Doxorubicin (DOX) is an effective antineoplastic agent with well-characterized cardiotoxic effects. While exercise has been shown to protect against DOX cardiotoxicity, a clear and concise mechanism to explain its cardioprotective effects is lacking. The purpose of this study was to determine if exercise training reduces cardiac DOX accumulation, thereby ...
Smith Denise L - - 2013
Personal protective clothing (PPC) shields firefighters from thermal and other occupational hazards; however, it also contributes to physiological and perceptual strain. This study examined the effect of clothing layers worn under structural fire fighting turnout gear (TOG) on physiological and perceptual responses during alternating work/recovery cycles and assessed the clothing ...
De Maeyer Catherine - - 2013
The syndrome of heart failure (HF) is a growing epidemic that causes a significant socio-economic burden. Despite considerable progress in the management of patients with HF, mortality and morbidity remain a major healthcare concern and frequent hospital admissions jeopardize daily life and social activities. Exercise training is an important adjunct ...
Carroll Chad C - - 2013
This study evaluated the activity and content of cyclooxygenase (COX)-1 and -2 in response to acute resistance exercise (RE) in human skeletal muscle. Previous work suggests that COX-1, but not COX-2, is the primary COX isoform elevated with resistance exercise in human skeletal muscle. COX activity, however, has not been ...
Lee Sung-Soon - - 2013
Despite documented efficacy and recommendations, pulmonary rehabilitation (PR) in chronic obstructive pulmonary disease (COPD) has been underutilized. Home-based PR was proposed as an alternative, but there were limited data. The adequate exercise intensity was also a crucial issue. The aim of this study was to investigate the effects of home-based ...
Ciolac Emmanuel Gomes - - 2013
Aging populations are a worldwide phenomenon affecting both developed and developing countries. This issue raises serious concerns for both governments and the general population. Regular participation in physical activity and/or exercise training programs can minimize the physiological alterations that occur during aging and may contribute to improvements in health and ...
Dao A T - - 2013
Alzheimer's disease (AD) is a neurodegenerative disorder that is characterized by progressive memory loss. In contrast, accumulating evidence suggests a neuroprotective role of regular exercise in aging associated memory impairment. In this study, we investigated the ability of regular exercise to prevent impairments of short-term memory (STM) and early long-term ...
Cleland Joshua A - - 2013
STUDY DESIGN: Randomized clinical trial. OBJECTIVE: To compare the effectiveness of a manual therapy and exercise approach (MTEX) to a home exercise program (HEP) in the management of individuals with an inversion ankle sprain. BACKGROUND: An in clinic exercise program has been found to yield similar outcomes as an HEP ...
Tabak Rachel - - 2013
BACKGROUND AND PURPOSE:: Parkinson disease (PD) affects cognition, specifically executive function. In people with PD, impaired executive function has been identified as an indicator of fall risk and decreased quality of life. Therefore, it is important to consider impaired executive function in the physical therapy management of PD. It has ...
Jowett Sue S Health Economics Unit, School of Health and Population Sciences, University of Birmingham, Birmingham B15 2TT, UK. - - 2013
To perform a cost-effectiveness analysis of subacromial corticosteroid injection combined with exercise compared with exercise alone in patients with moderate to severe shoulder pain from subacromial impingement syndrome. A within-trial cost-effectiveness analysis with 232 patients randomized to physiotherapy-led injection combined with exercise (n = 115) or exercise alone (n = ...
Suhling Hendrik - - 2013
Advanced chronic lung allograft dysfunction limits survival after lung transplantation. We hypothesize that patients with chronic lung allograft dysfunction can be subdivided by exercise tolerance in two groups, and quality of life (QOL) and survival differ between the groups. A single-center, cross-sectional, partly prospective, study was performed in our outpatient ...
Steinvil Arie - - 2013
Prior toxicological exposure reports demonstrated the decremental effect of several air pollutants on the metabolic equivalents achieved during exercise testing (METs). There are no prior large scale epidemiological reports about the effect of environmental air pollution exposure on those parameters. We analyzed a cohort of apparently healthy individuals attending a ...
Davis Jon-Kyle - - 2013
Clothing targeting the exercise enthusiast has been advertised to keep individuals drier, cooler, and more comfortable during exercise in the heat. The marketing of such clothing has increased dramatically within the last decade. In hot environments, clothing acts as a barrier to thermal balance by inhibiting evaporative and convective cooling. ...
Puh Urška - - 2013
PURPOSE: To establish the effects of training on Wii balance board (WBB) after posterior cruciate ligament (PCL) reconstruction on balance. METHODS: Included patient injured her posterior cruciate ligament 22 months prior to the study. Training on WBB was performed 4 weeks, 6 times per week, 30-45 min per day. Center of pressure (CoP) ...
Kocan Richard M - - 2013
Abstract Much of the terminology describing Ichthyophonus sp. life stages and structures can be traced to the mistaken classification of this organism as a fungus. This misidentification led early investigators to use mycological terms for the structures they observed, while some terminology is not so easily explained, it appears to ...
Plow Matthew - - 2013
The purpose of this study was to examine the usability of Nintendo Wii Fit to promote physical activity in adults with multiple sclerosis. Qualitative interviews were conducted as part of a pilot study that examined the health outcomes of a 14-week Wii Fit home-exercise programme in 30 adults with multiple ...
Arnold Amy C AC Department of Medicine, Division of Clinical Pharmacology, Vanderbilt University, Nashville, TN, - - 2013
To determine the effect of low-dose propranolol on maximal exercise capacity in patients with postural tachycardia syndrome (POTS). We compared the effect of placebo vs a single low dose of propranolol (20 mg) on peak oxygen consumption (VO2max), an established measure of exercise capacity, in 11 patients with POTS and ...
Nicolò Andrea - - 2013
PURPOSE: To investigate the effects of work-to-rest ratio manipulation on neuromuscular and metabolic responses during two high-intensity intermittent protocols to exhaustion. Since different exercise durations were expected, we hypothesized that the protocol registering a longer duration would have a more pronounced effect on neuromuscular responses, while the other would challenge ...
Dontje Manon L - - 2013
OBJECTIVE: To examine the willingness of grown-ups with congenital heart disease (GUCH) to participate in the GUCH Training Program-Individualised (GTI), an exercise program specifically designed for GUCH, and to identify factors affecting their willingness to participate. DESIGN AND SETTING: In this cross-sectional study, all outpatient GUCH of the University Medical ...
Carter Anouska M - - 2013
BACKGROUND: People with Multiple Sclerosis (PwMS) are less physically active than the general population and pragmatic approaches designed to equip them with the skills and confidence to participate in long-term physical activity are required. OBJECTIVE: To determine the feasibility of a pragmatic exercise intervention in PwMS. METHODS: A voluntary sample ...
Cormie Prue - - 2013
PURPOSE: Resistance exercise has great potential to aid in the management of breast cancer-related lymphedema (BCRL); however, little is known regarding optimal exercise prescription. The pervasive view is that resistance exercise with heavy loads may be contraindicated, disregarding the dose-response relationship that exists between the load utilised in resistance exercise ...
Mandic Sandra - - 2013
Abstract Purpose: Compared with symptom-limited cardiopulmonary exercise test (CPET), timed walking tests are cheaper, well-tolerated and simpler alternative for assessing exercise capacity in coronary artery disease (CAD) patients. We developed multivariate models for predicting peak oxygen consumption (VO2peak) from 6-minute walk test (6MWT) distance and peak shuttle walk speed for ...
Nagasawa Takeshi - - 2013
The purpose of this study was to examine whether differences in aerobic capacity and training status influence muscle reoxygenation after sprint exercise. We hypothesized that the muscle reoxygenation rate after sprint exercise is slower in long-distance runners with high aerobic capacity. Five male long-distance runners, five male sprinters, and six ...
Stoller Oliver - - 2013
Abstract Purpose: The majority of post-stroke individuals suffer from low exercise capacity as a secondary reaction to immobility. The aim of this study was to prove the concept of feedback-controlled robotics-assisted treadmill exercise (RATE) to assess aerobic capacity and guide cardiovascular exercise in severely impaired individuals early after stroke. Method: ...
Eriksson Britt-Marie - - 2013
Abstract Purpose: The aim of this study was to explore and generate an understanding of the meaning of physical exercise in the lives of individuals with Parkinson's disease (PD) participating in an exercise program. Method: A qualitative design, using Grounded Theory methodology, was used. Eleven individuals diagnosed with PD were ...
Kim Bo Ryun - - 2013
Abstract Purpose: To investigate the correlation between baseline cardiovascular fitness and functional status, and whether baseline cardiovascular fitness is of predictive value in terms of functional recovery after rehabilitation in subacute stroke patients. Method: This study was a descriptive, observational cohort study. Fifty-five subacute stroke patients (37 males and 18 ...
Fultz Lisa E - - 2013
Objective-To compare the outcome of horses with nephrosplenic entrapment of the large colon (NSELC) that were treated nonsurgically by IV administration of phenylephrine and exercise with that of horses treated by IV administration of phenylephrine and a rolling procedure under general anesthesia. Design-Retrospective case series. Animals-88 horses with NSELC. Procedures-Horses ...
Stadheim Hans K - - 2013
Purpose: Caffeine (CAF) improves performance of both short and long duration in running and cycling where performance relies on power output, and endurance capacity of leg muscles. No studies have so far tested effects of CAF while using the double poling (DP) technique in cross-country skiing (XCS). When DP arm ...
Argus Christos K - - 2013
Substantial variation in the load that produces maximal power has been reported. It has been suggested that the variation observed may be due to differences in subject physical characteristics. Therefore the aim of this study was to determine the extent in which anthropometric measures correlate to the load that produces ...
Lowery Ryan P - - 2013
We previously demonstrated that static stretching was associated with a decrease in running economy and distance run during a 30-minute time trial in trained runners. Recently, the detrimental effects of static stretching on economy were found to be limited to the first few minutes of an endurance bout. However, economy ...
Ghasemi M M Department of Physiotherapy, Faculty of Rehabilitation Sciences, Shahid Beheshti University of Medical Sciences, Tehran, - - 2013
Static stretch is a safe and feasible method which usually is used before exercise to avoid muscle injury and to improve muscle performance. The purpose of this study was to determine the effects of cyclic static stretch (CSS) on fatigue recovery of triceps surae (TS) in female basketball players. Nine ...
Panissa V L G VL School of Physical Education and Sport, University of São Paulo, - - 2013
The aim of this study was to evaluate the performance, as well as neuromuscular activity, in a strength task in subjects with different training backgrounds. Participants (n = 26) were divided into three groups according to their training backgrounds (aerobic, strength or mixed) and submitted to three sessions: (1) determination ...
St Clair Gibson Alan - - 2013
Effective regulation of pace enables the majority of runners to complete competitive endurance events without mishap. However, some runners do experience exercise-induced collapse associated with postural hypotension, which in rare cases results from life-threatening conditions such as cardiac disorders, cerebral events, heat stroke and hyponatraemia. Despite the experience of either ...
Los Arcos Asier - - 2013
PURPOSE: The aim of this study was to compare the effects of two strength and conditioning programs involving either purely vertically oriented or combining vertically and horizontally oriented exercises on soccer relevant performance variables (i.e. acceleration, jumping ability, peak power, and endurance). METHODS: Twenty-two professional male soccer players were randomly ...
de Lima Maurícia Cristina - - 2013
Rational: Patients under regular dialysis can also present alterations in the cardiovascular, musculoskeletal, and metabolic systems. Objectives: The aim of this study is to compare the effects of strength and aerobic exercises performed during hemodialysis (HD) in individuals with chronic renal disease. Materials and Methods: Randomized clinical trial. It was ...
Godfrey Simon - - 2013
This article examines in detail the history of more than half a century of investigations into elucidating the causation of exercise-induced bronchoconstriction. Despite earnest attempts by many researchers from many countries, answers to some pivotal questions await the next generation of investigators into exercise-induced bronchoconstriction.
Mansukhani Meghna P MP Center for Sleep Medicine, Mayo Clinic, 200 First Street SW, Rochester, MN 55902, - - 2013
Few studies have examined exercise capacity or cardiovascular responses to maximal exercise testing and recovery in patients with sleep-disordered breathing (SDB), and results from these studies are conflicting. The objective of this cross-sectional study conducted at a tertiary referral center was to examine the association between SDB and exercise testing ...
Blacker S D - - 2013
The reliability of voluntary and electrically stimulated isometric contractions of m. quadriceps femoris of male participants (n=10; age 30±8years; height 1.79±0.05m; body mass 79.4±8.3kg) was investigated using ratio limits of agreement (LoA) on a time scale common to examine recovery from muscle damaging exercise. No systematic changes in reliability occurred ...
Lyden Kate - - 2013
Physical activity and sedentary behavior measurement tools need to be validated in free-living settings. Direct observation (DO) may be an appropriate criterion for these studies. However, it is not known if trained observers can correctly judge the absolute intensity of free-living activities. PURPOSE: To compare DO estimates of total MET-hours ...
Marcellis Rik G J - - 2013
PURPOSE: The purpose of this study was to examine changes in the prevalence of exercise intolerance, reduced muscle strength, and fatigue and the changes in these parameters in individual patients during a 2-year follow-up study. METHODS: Ninety sarcoidosis patients (62 males and 28 females; mean age: 46.0 ± 10.2 years) participated in a ...
Bertuzzi R - - 2013
A parallel group randomized trial was designed to analyze the impact of 6 weeks of strength training programs performed with or without whole-body vibration on muscular and endurance performance parameters in long-distance runners. 22 endurance runners were allocated into strength with whole-body vibration (n=8), without (n=8), and control (n=6) groups. ...
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