Search Results
Results 551 - 600 of 2394
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Milligan Fiona - - 2013
In the current economic climate within the NHS, behavioural-change interventions in chronic disease such as exercise programmes will be time-limited within acute hospital facilities. The challenge is to deliver cost-effective, participatory, population-specific health interventions that result in measurable benefits. Methodology: A mixed-methods study was undertaken to assess the benefits of ...
Lintu Niina - - 2013
Abstract We investigated cardiovascular fitness and haemodynamic responses to maximal cycle ergometer exercise test in children. The participants were a population sample of 425 children (204 girls, 221 boys) aged 6-8 years. Heart rate (HR) and systolic blood pressure (SBP) were measured from the beginning of pre-exercise rest to the ...
Giné-Garriga Maria - - 2013
To conduct a systematic review to determine the efficacy of exercise-based interventions on improving performance-based measures of physical function and markers of physical frailty, in community-dwelling frail older people. Comprehensive bibliographic searches in Medline, The Cochrane Library, PEDro, and CINAHL databases were conducted (April 2013). Randomized clinical trials of community-dwelling ...
Park Eun-Young - - 2013
This study aimed to investigate the evidence that strengthening interventions can improve muscle strength and activity in individuals with cerebral palsy. The search focused on studies that employed strength training for children with cerebral palsy for which six electronic databases were used to extract literature published from 2001 to 2012. ...
Herting Megan M MM Department of Pediatrics, Keck School of Medicine at USC/Children's Hospital of Los Angeles, Los Angeles, CA, USA. Electronic address: - - 2013
Exercise has been shown to have positive effects on the brain and behavior throughout various stages of the lifespan. However, little is known about the impact of exercise on neurodevelopment during the adolescent years, particularly with regard to white matter microstructure, as assessed by diffusion tensor imaging (DTI). Both tract-based ...
Loturco Irineu - - 2013
The present study investigated the relationship between punching acceleration and selected strength and power variables in nineteen professional karate athletes from the Brazilian National Team (9 men and 10 women; age: 23 ± 3 years; height: 1.71 ±0.09 m and body mass: 67.34 ± 13.44 kg). Punching acceleration was assessed ...
Rodríguez-Marroyo Jose A - - 2013
The main aim of this study was to compare the training load executed by volleyball players with that observed by coaches. Secondly, we analyzed the influence of the coaches' experience in the estimated training load. Twelve female volleyball players and four male coaches participated in this study. During a period ...
Storer Thomas W - - 2013
: Conventional wisdom suggests that exercise training with a personal trainer (PTr) is more beneficial for improving health-related fitness than training alone. However, there are no published data that confirm whether fitness club members who exercise with a PTr in the fitness club setting obtain superior results compared with self-directed ...
Ismail Hashbullah - - 2013
Intuitively higher exercise program volume may be the primary stimulus for physical adaptation. We sought to establish if aerobic exercise training program characteristics produced different effect sizes for change in cardiorespiratory fitness in heart failure patients. We conducted a MEDLINE search (1966 to 2012), for exercise based rehabilitation trials in ...
Williams Marie T - - 2013
While recommendations for the duration, frequency, mode and intensity of exercise programmes for people with chronic obstructive pulmonary disease (COPD) are specified in consensus statements, criteria for exercise session attendance are less clear. The review questions were: (i) how commonly are a priori criteria and attendance rates reported for people ...
Houston Brian W - - 2013
Cystic fibrosis is the most common life-limiting genetic condition in Caucasians and the life-expectancy of those newly diagnosed is increasing. Inspiratory muscle training may be a way of improving the lung function and quality of life of people with cystic fibrosis. Hence there is a need to establish whether this ...
Michalsik L B - - 2013
The present study evaluated the physical demands imposed on female elite team handball players in relation to playing position. Female elite team handball field players were examined during match-play over a 5-year period using video based computerized locomotion analysis of tournament matches. In addition, physiological measurements during match-play and in ...
Murton Andrew John - - 2013
We sought to ascertain the time-course of transcriptional events that occur in human skeletal muscle at the outset of resistance exercise (RE) training in RE naïve individuals, and determine if the magnitude of response was associated with exercise induced muscle damage. Sixteen RE naïve males were recruited, 8 underwent 2 ...
Scudese Estevão - - 2013
The purpose of this study was to compare different rest intervals between sets on repetition consistency and ratings of perceived exertion (RPE) during consecutive bench press sets with an absolute 3RM load. Sixteen trained men (23.75 ± 4.21 years; 74.63 ± 5.36 kg; 175 ± 4.64 cm; bench press relative ...
Rønnestad Bent R - - 2013
The phenomenon postactivation potentiation can possibly be used to acutely improve sprint performance. The purpose of this study was to investigate the effect of body-loaded half-squats with added whole body vibration (WBV) on subsequent 20 m on-ice sprint performance. Fifteen male ice-hockey players performed four test sessions on separate days ...
Dolmage Thomas E - - 2013
Partitioning exercise by 1-legged cycling is more effective than conventional training in patients with chronic obstructive pulmonary disease. Similarly, inhaling helium-hyperoxia can extend conventional exercise tolerance. This study aimed to determine whether breathing helium-hyperoxia could increase the tolerance of a high-intensity exercise session achieved by 1-legged cycling. Participants completed 2 ...
Lichtenstein Mia Beck MB Centre for Eating Disorders, Odense University Hospital, University of Southern Denmark, Denmark. Electronic address: - - 2013
Exercise addiction is characterized by excessive exercise patterns with potential negative consequences such as overuse injuries. The aim of this study was to compare eating disorder symptoms, quality of life, personality traits and attachments styles in exercisers with and without indications of exercise addiction. A case-control study with 121 exercisers ...
Hollier Carly Ann - - 2013
In people with obesity hypoventilation syndrome (OHS), breathing 100% oxygen increases carbon dioxide (PCO2), but its effect on pH is unknown. This study investigated the effects of moderate concentrations of supplemental oxygen on PCO2, pH, minute ventilation (VE) and physiological dead space to tidal volume ratio (VD/VT) among people with ...
Alibhai Shabbir M H - - 2013
Fatigue is the most common and disabling symptom affecting quality of life (QOL) and daily function in patients who have completed treatment for acute myeloid leukemia (AML). Although trials in patients with various solid tumors have reported improved fatigue and QOL following exercise interventions, there have been no studies in ...
Sellar Christopher M CM a Faculty of Physical Education and Recreation, E459 Van Vliet Center, University of Alberta, Edmonton, AB T6G 2H9, - - 2014
Exercise training improves health-related physical fitness and patient-reported outcomes in cancer survivors, but few interventions have targeted colorectal cancer (CRC) survivors. This investigation aimed to determine the feasibility and efficacy of a 12-week supervised exercise training program for CRC survivors. Feasibility was assessed by tracking participant recruitment, loss to follow-up, ...
Dittrich Naiandra - - 2013
The purpose of this study was to determine and compare the time to exhaustion (TE) and the physiological responses at continuous and intermittent (ratio 5:1) maximal lactate steady state (MLSS) in well trained runners. Ten athletes (32.7 ± 6.9 years; VO2max 61.7 ± 3.9 mL·kg-1·min-1) performed an incremental treadmill test, ...
Dao An T - - 2013
Previously, we reported that in a rat model of sporadic Alzheimer's disease (AD) generated by exogenous administration of Aβ1-42 (250 pmol/d for 2 wk) via mini-osmotic pump, the animals exhibited learning and memory impairment, which could be attributed to the deleterious alterations in the levels of cognition-related signalling molecules. We showed ...
Treff G - - 2013
Elite rowers are highly endurance trained and present with a large lean body mass (LBM), which is closely related to total haemoglobin mass (tHbmass), a major determinant of blood O2-transport. This study aims to determine the magnitude of tHbmass in elite rowers and its relation to performance parameters that are ...
Wallner Dietmar - - 2013
Purpose of the study was to analyze the acute physiological response to aerobic short interval training (AESIT) at various high intensity running speeds. A minor anaerobic glycolytic energy supply was aimed to mimic the characteristics of slow continuous runs. Eight trained male runners (VO2max: 55.5±3.3 ml·kg-1·min-1) performed an incremental treadmill ...
Santa Mina D D Department of Surgical Oncology, Princess Margaret Cancer Center, Toronto, Ontario, Canada; Kinesiology Program, University of Guelph-Humber, Toronto, Ontario, Canada; School of Kinesiology and Health Science, York University, Toronto, Ontario, Canada. Electronic address: - - 2013
To systematically review the evidence of pre-operative exercise, known as 'prehabilitation', on peri- and postoperative outcomes in adult surgical populations. Systematic review and meta-analysis. CENTRAL, Medline, EMBASE, CINAHL, PsycINFO and PEDro were searched from 1950 to 2011. Two reviewers independently examined relevant, English-language articles that examined the effects of pre-operative ...
van Koppenhagen Casper Floris CF Department of Rehabilitation Medicine and Rudolf Magnus Institute for Neuroscience, University Medical Center, Utrecht, Netherlands; and Rehabiliation centre De Hoogstraat Revalidatie, Utrecht, - - 2013
Objective To examine the relationship between wheelchair exercise capacity and life satisfaction in persons with spinal cord injury from the start of active inpatient rehabilitation up to 5 years after discharge. Design Prospective cohort study. Subjects Persons with spinal cord injury, aged 18-65 years, and wheelchair dependent at least for ...
Maiers Michele - - 2013
Neck pain, common among the elderly population, has considerable implications on health and quality of life. Evidence supports the use of spinal manipulative therapy and exercise to treat neck pain; however, no studies to date have evaluated the effectiveness of these therapies specifically in seniors. To assess the relative effectiveness ...
Dawes Donald M - - 2013
While the physiologic effects of modern conducted electrical weapons (CEW) have been the subject of numerous studies, their effects on neurocognitive functioning, both short-term and long-term, are less well understood. It is also unclear how these effects compare to other use-of-force options or other arrest-related stressors. We compared the neurocognitive ...
Verger Antoine - - 2013
Injected doses are difficult to optimize for exercise SPECT since they depend on the myocardial fraction of injected activity (MFI) that is detected by the camera. The aim of this study was to analyse the factors affecting MFI determined using a cardiac CZT camera as compared with those determined using ...
Ogata Hisayoshi - - 2013
Minute ventilation (V.E) during walking has been shown to be higher in older individuals than in young individuals, but the mechanisms underlying the higher ventilatory response is unclear. Central command and peripheral neural reflex are important neural control mechanisms underlying ventilatory response during exercise. Passive leg movement has been used ...
Amin Daniel James DJ Centre for Human Performance, University Centre Doncaster, Melton Road, High Melton, Doncaster DN5 7SZ, UK. Electronic address: - - 2014
In recent years the practice of yoga has gained popularity as a form of physical fitness and exercise, and has been said to improve strength and flexibility. The main objective of this research project was to evaluate the effects of a six week Iyengar yoga intervention on flexibility. N = 16 low ...
Verheijden Klompstra Leonie - - 2013
Background:Physical activity can improve exercise capacity, quality of life and reduce mortality and hospitalization in patients with heart failure (HF). Adherence to exercise recommendations in patients with HF is low. The use of exercise games (exergames) might be a way to encourage patients with HF to exercise especially those who ...
Loughney L L Critical Care Research Area, NIHR Respiratory BRU, University of Southampton and University Hospital Southampton, Southampton, - - 2014
Cardiopulmonary exercise testing by cycle ergometry (CPET(leg)) is an established assessment tool of perioperative physical fitness. CPET utilizing arm ergometry (CPET(arm)) is an attractive alternative in patients with lower limb dysfunction. We aimed to determine whether oxygen uptake obtained by CPET(leg) could be predicted by using CPET(arm) alone and whether ...
Mitchell Marc S - - 2013
Less than 5% of U.S. adults accumulate the required dose of exercise to maintain health. Behavioral economics has stimulated renewed interest in economic-based, population-level health interventions to address this issue. Despite widespread implementation of financial incentive-based public health and workplace wellness policies, the effects of financial incentives on exercise initiation ...
Meucci Marco - - 2013
Inactivity is a primary factor related to childhood obesity, yet aerobic exercise has been shown to prevent weight gain and improve fitness in adolescents. Moreover, children become less active during their summer break from school. This study compared the effects of 4 and 8 weeks of supervised summer activity versus ...
Yu Wonjong W Department of Physical Therapy, Seonam University, Republic of - - 2013
[Purpose] This study investigated the effects of resistance exercise using Thera-band on balance of elderly adults. [Methods] Subjects (age range, 60-70 years) were randomly assigned to an experimental (n=12) or control group (n=12). The experimental group performed stretching and resistance exercises, and the control group performed stretching exercises only. Before and ...
Kim Seonggil S Department of Rehabilitation Science, Graduate School, Daegu University, Republic of - - 2013
[Purpose] The aim of this study was to examine the effects of horse riding exercise using a horse riding simulator (HRS) and a ball on static and dynamic balance of elderly people. [Methods] Thirty-two elderly people hospitalized in geriatric hospitals were randomly assigned to the HRS exercise group or the ...
Diego Alejandro M AM From the *Department of Pediatrics, University of Texas Medical Branch, Galveston; †Shriners Hospitals for Children, Galveston, Texas; ‡University of Texas Medical Branch, School of Medicine, Galveston; and §Department of Surgery, University of Texas Medical Branch, - - 2013
Exercise programs capable of contributing positively to the long-term rehabilitation of burn patients should be included in outpatient rehabilitation programs. However, the extent and intensity of the resistance and cardiopulmonary exercise prescribed are unclear. This study was conducted to investigate the existence, design, content, and prescription of outpatient cardiopulmonary and ...
Calvo-Ayala Enrique - - 2013
ICU admissions are ever increasing across the United States. Following critical illness, physical functioning (PF) may be impaired for up to 5 years. We performed a systematic review of randomized controlled trials evaluating the efficacy of interventions targeting PF among ICU survivors. The objective of this study was to identify ...
Peterson Alexis B - - 2013
Physical activity, and specifically exercise, has shown promise as an intervention for drug addiction; however, the exercise conditions that produce the most efficacious response, as well as its underlying mechanism, are unknown. In this study, we examined the dose-dependent effects of wheel running, an animal model of exercise, during abstinence ...
Wells Cherie - - 2013
Pilates exercise is recommended for people with chronic low back pain (CLBP). In the literature, however, Pilates exercise is described and applied differently to treat people with CLBP. This makes it difficult to evaluate its effectiveness. The aim of this study was to establish a consensus regarding the definition and ...
Kozey-Keadle Sarah - - 2013
Individuals may compensate for exercise training by modifying non-exercise behavior (i.e., increase sedentary time (ST) and decrease non-exercise physical activity (NEPA)). To compare ST and NEPA during a 12-week exercise training and/or lifestyle intervention. Fifty-seven overweight/obese participants (19 M/39 F) completed the study (mean ± SD; age 43.6 ± 9.9 ...
Nibbeling Nicky - - 2013
To investigate to what degree exercise-induced fatigue influences behavioural choices, participants' transition from running to rifle shooting in a pursue-and-shoot task was assessed. Participants ran on a treadmill and chased a target in a virtual environment and were free to choose when to stop the treadmill and shoot at the ...
Brocki Barbara Cristina - - 2013
Surgical resection enhances long-term survival after lung cancer, but survivors face functional deficits and report on poor quality of life long time after surgery. This study evaluated short and long-term effects of supervised group exercise training on health-related quality of life and physical performance in patients, who were radically operated ...
Teopompi Elisabetta - - 2013
In patients with COPD, we investigated the effect of the fat-free mass (FFM) on maximal exercise capacity and the relationship with changes in operational lung volumes during exercise. In a cross-sectional study fifty-seven patients (16 females; age 65 ± 8 yrs) were consecutively assessed by resting lung function, symptom-limited cardiopulmonary ...
Rider Brian C - - 2013
: There is a growing trend for runners to use compression stockings (CS) to improve performance. The purpose of this study was to determine the effect of CS on physiological variables associated with running performance. Participants were ten NCAA Division III cross-country runners. The study utilized a randomized, crossover design ...
De Mey Kristof - - 2013
: During resistance training protocols, people are often encouraged to target the scapular stabilizing musculature (middle and lower trapezius and serratus anterior) while minimizing shoulder prime mover activation (upper trapezius and large glenohumeral muscles) in their training regime, especially in overhead athletes with scapular dyskinesis. In order to increase the ...
Stanley Jamie - - 2013
We investigated the acute effects of cold water immersion (CWI) or passive recovery (PAS) on physiological responses during high-intensity interval training (HIIT). In a crossover design, 14 cyclists completed 2 HIIT sessions (HIIT1 and HIIT2) separated by 30 min. Between HIIT sessions, they stood in cold water (10 °C) up to their ...
Dolezal Brett A - - 2013
Heart rate variability (HRV) reflects a healthy autonomic nervous system and is increased with physical training. Methamphetamine dependence (MD) causes autonomic dysfunction and diminished HRV. We compared recently abstinent MD participants with age-matched, drug free controls (DF) and also investigated whether HRV can be improved with exercise training in the ...
Loomba Rohit S - - 2013
Fontan fenestration closure is a topic of great debate. The body of data regarding the risks and benefits of fenestration closure is limited yet growing. Previous studies have demonstrated that Fontan patients have less exercise capacity than those with normal cardiovascular anatomy. Differences also have been noted within various subgroups ...
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