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Park Gi Duck GD Department of Leisure Sport, Kyungpook National University, Republic of - - 2014
[Purpose] The physical strength elements required for athletic throwing events include muscle strength, swiftness, agility, speed, flexibility, and physical balance. Although plyometric training and weight training are implemented as representative training methods for improving swiftness and agility, most studies of it have been conducted with players of other sports. [Subjects] ...
Buchheit Martin M Sport Science Department, Myorobie Association Montvalezan, - - 2014
Measures of resting, exercise, and recovery heart rate are receiving increasing interest for monitoring fatigue, fitness and endurance performance responses, which has direct implications for adjusting training load (1) daily during specific training blocks and (2) throughout the competitive season. However, these measures are still not widely implemented to monitor ...
Holmberg Christine C Institute for Social Medicine, Epidemiology, and Health Economics, Charité - Universitätsmedizin Berlin, Berlin, Germany ; Berlin School of Public Health, Charité - Universitätsmedizin Berlin, Berlin, - - 2014
Chronic pain is prevalent in elderly populations. The goals of this study were 1) to understand the results of a randomized clinical trial - Qigong and Exercise Therapy for Elderly Patients with Chronic Neck Pain (QIBANE) - that showed no difference between qigong, exercise therapy, and no-treatment on quality of ...
Su Chuan-Jun CJ Department of Industrial Engineering & Management, Yuan Ze University, No.135, Yuandong Rd., Zhongli City, Taoyuan County 320, Taiwan. - - 2014
Good physical fitness generally makes the body less prone to common diseases. A personalized exercise plan that promotes a balanced approach to fitness helps promotes fitness, while inappropriate forms of exercise can have adverse consequences for health. This paper aims to develop an ontology-driven knowledge-based system for generating custom-designed exercise ...
Sousa Ana A Centre of Research, Education, Innovation and Intervention in Sport, Faculty of Sport, University of Porto, Porto, - - 2014
Prior exercise has the potential to enhance subsequent performance by accelerating the oxygen uptake (VO2) kinetics. The present study investigated the effects of two different intensities of prior exercise on pulmonary VO2 kinetics and exercise time during subsequent exhaustive rowing exercise. It was hypothesized that in prior heavy, but not ...
Di Paco Adriano A Pulmonary Rehabilitation and Weaning Center, Auxilium Vitae, Volterra, Pisa, Italy. - - 2014
The purpose of this study was to evaluate the role of ventilatory parameters in maximal exercise performance in elite soccer players. From September 2009 to December 2012, 90 elite soccer players underwent evaluation of lung function test and ergospirometry by means of an incremental symptom-limited treadmill test. Results were analyzed ...
McDonnell Michelle N MN International Centre for Allied Health Evidence, University of South Australia , Adelaide, South Australia , - - 2014
Purpose. People with stroke living in the community have an increased prevalence of depression and lower quality of life than healthy older adults. This cross-sectional observational study investigated whether participation in regular exercise was associated with improved mood and quality of life. Methods. We recruited three groups of community dwelling ...
Imtiyaz Shagufta S Research Student, Centre for Physiotherapy and Rehabilitation Sciences , Jamia Millia Islamia (Central University), New Delhi-25, India - - 2014
To compare the effects of vibration therapy and massage in prevention of DOMS. Pre-test and Post-test Control-Group Design was used, 45 healthy female non athletic Subjects were recruited and randomly distributed to the three groups (15 subject in each group). After the subject's initial status was measured experimental groups received ...
Drent Marjolein M Department of interstitial lung diseases, Hospital Gelderse Vallei Ede Maastricht, University, Faculty of Health, Medicine and Life Sciences, Department of Toxicology. - - 2014
Quality of life (QOL) is often reduced in patients with sarcoidosis. Studies of the associations between physical functions and QOL are lacking. So the aims of this study were (i) to evaluate the associations between QOL and physical functions, including muscle strength and exercise capacity, and other clinical characteristics, and ...
Han Min-Jung MJ Department of Nursing, Graduate School, Kyungpook National University, Republic of - - 2014
[Purpose] The purpose of this study was to examine the acute effects of five minutes of plantar flexor static stretching (PSS) on the balance and gait of the elderly. [Subjects and Methods] Twenty-five subjects aged 65 years and above performed 5 min of PSS in the form of wedge board standing. The ...
Landi Francesco - - 2014
Although prolongation of life is a significant public health aim, at the same time the extended life should involve preservation of the capacity to live independently. Consequently, the identification of cost-effectiveness interventions to prevent frailty is one of the most important public health challenges. In the present review, we present ...
Baláš Jiří J 0000-0003-3502-2050 Faculty of Physical Education and Sport, Charles University in Prague, 16252 Prague, Czech - - 2014
Aim. The aim of this study was to examine the relationship between submaximal and maximal physiological responses to rock climbing for climbers of differing abilities. Methods. Twenty-six male climbers performed a submaximal climbing test on a known circuit at 90° (vertical) and 105° (15° overhanging) inclination and speed 25 movements·min(-1). ...
Whitcher Lucas L Department of Applied Arts and Sciences, University of Montana-Missoula College, Missoula, MT 95812, - - 2014
The purpose of this investigation was to compare accelerometer activity counts and oxygen consumption between young and elderly individuals. Sixteen young (21.3 ± 2.5 yrs) and sixteen elderly (66.6 ± 2.9 yrs) participants completed 30 minutes of resting oxygen consumption to determine resting metabolic rate and four 6 min walking intensities ranging from ...
Schreuder Henk W R HW Division of Women and Baby, Department of Reproductive Medicine and Gynaecology, University Medical Centre Utrecht, P.O. Box 85500, Room F05-126, 3508 GA Utrecht, The - - 2014
Objective. With the increase in robotic-assisted laparoscopic surgery there is a concomitant rising demand for training methods. The objective was to establish face and construct validity of a novel virtual reality simulator (dV-Trainer, Mimic Technologies, Seattle, WA) for the use in training of robot-assisted surgery. Methods. A comparative cohort study ...
Padilla Concepción C Neuropsychology and Cognition group, Department of Psychology and Research Institute on Health Sciences, University of the Balearic Islands Palma de Mallorca, Spain ; Instituto de Investigación Sanitaria de Palma Palma de Mallorca, - - 2014
Padilla et al. (2013) recently showed that chronic aerobic exercise in young adults is associated with better inhibitory control as measured by the strategic Stop Signal Task (SST). The aim of the current study was to explore whether better inhibitory abilities, associated with high levels of physical fitness, were also ...
Navalta James W JW Kinesiology and Nutrition Sciences, University of Nevada, Las Vegas, 4505 S. Maryland Parkway, P.O. Box 453034, Las Vegas, NV 89154-3034, - - 2014
This investigation assessed the lymphocyte subset response to three days of intermittent run exercise to exhaustion. Twelve healthy college-aged males (n = 8) and females (n = 4) (age = 26 ± 4 years; height = 170.2 ± 10 cm; body mass = 75 ± 18 kg) completed an exertion test (maximal ...
Jindo Takashi T Graduate School of Comprehensive Human Sciences, University of - - 2014
Aim: The purpose of this study was to investigate determinants of changes in physical fitness after a fall-prevention exercise program in older females. Methods: The study subjects included 83 community-dwelling females 65 years of age or older (mean age: 70.4±4.0 years) living in Kasama City, rural Japan. All subjects participated ...
Heenan Adam A Queen's University, Department of Psychology, Kingston, Ontario, - - 2014
Biological motion stimuli, such as orthographically projected stick figure walkers, are ambiguous about their orientation in depth. The projection of a stick figure walker oriented towards the viewer, therefore, is the same as its projection when oriented away. Even though such figures are depth-ambiguous, however, observers tend to interpret them ...
Wolff Gretchen G Department of Biochemistry and Molecular Biology, University of Miami School of Medicine, Miami, Florida, United States of - - 2014
Tumor cell extravasation into the brain requires passage through the blood-brain barrier (BBB). There is evidence that exercise can alter the oxidation status of the brain microvasculature and protect against tumor cell invasion into the brain, although the mechanisms are not well understood. In the current study, we focused on ...
Anderson P P a School of Sport Science, Exercise & Health , University of Western Australia , Crawley , Western - - 2014
We aimed to investigate the effects of different warm-up (WUP) intensities on 10 min of subsequent intermittent-sprint running performance. Eleven male, team-sport players performed four trials in a randomized, cross-over design, consisting of an intermittent-sprint protocol (15 × 20-m sprints) that followed either no-WUP or one of three 10-min WUP ...
Bronner Shaw S ADAM Center, Department of Physical Therapy, Bouvé College of Health Sciences, Northeastern University, 360 Huntington Avenue, Boston, Massachusetts 02115, USA; Physical Therapy Services, Alvin Ailey American Dance Theater, New York, New York, USA. - - 2014
While studies have investigated the physical demands of dance in terms of cardiorespiratory fitness, there are no recent comparisons of cardiorespiratory response to exercise among professional dancers of different genres. Our purpose was to: 1. develop a cardiorespiratory profile of professional dancers; 2. investigate differences in peak and recovery heart ...
Rivett LouAnn L Physiotherapy Department, School of Therapeutic Sciences, Faculty of Health Sciences, University of the Witwatersrand, Johannesburg, South - - 2014
There is controversy as to whether conservative management that includes wearing a brace and exercises is effective in stabilising idiopathic scoliosis curves. A brace only prevents progression of the curve and has been shown to have favourable outcomes when patients are compliant. So the aim of this study was to: ...
Hirooka Nobutaka N Department of General Medicine, Japan National Defense Medical College, 3-2 Namiki, Tokorozawa, Saitama, Japan. - - 2014
Noncommunicable chronic diseases (NCDs) are global public health issues. Physical activity, exercise and sedentary behavior are important lifestyle factors to determine risk of NCDs. Immigrant studies have shown higher risk of developing NCDs among immigrants. Less physical activity among Japanese immigrants to westernized environment was also documented. However, little is ...
Nelson Michael T MT School of Kinesiology, University of Minnesota, Minneapolis, MN, USA. - - 2014
Currently, there are few studies on the cardiovascular and fatigue effects of commercially available energy drinks. This study investigated the effects of Monster energy drink (Monster Beverage Corporation, Corona, California), on resting heart rate (HR), heart rate variability (HRV), ride time-to-exhaustion, peak exercise HR, respiratory exchange ratio (RER), and peak ...
Padalino Barbara B Department of Veterinary Medicine, University of Bari, Str. prov. Per Casamassima, km 3, 70010 Valenzano (Bari), - - 2014
The aim of this study was to investigate the impacts of three different physical exercises on the physiological and behavioural patterns of Standardbred trotters housed in single stalls. Twelve racing mares were observed twice during each different exercise: daily training (DT) consisted of forty minutes at slow trot (4-5 m/s) in ...
Huang Rong R School of Public Health, The University of Hong Kong, Hong Kong, - - 2014
To examine the association of constipation with exercise, non-exercise physical activity, and sedentary behaviours in Hong Kong adolescents. In 2006-2007, 42 secondary schools were randomly selected to participate in the Hong Kong Student Obesity Surveillance (HKSOS) project. A total of 33692 Form 1-7 students (44.9% boys; mean age 14.8, SD ...
Moradi Saleh S Department of Management, University of Otago Dunedin, New Zealand ; Network for Empowerment and Well-Being Gothenburg, - - 2014
Performance monitoring might have an adverse influence on call center agents' well-being. We investigate how performance, over a 6-month period, is related to agents' perceptions of their learning climate, character strengths, well-being (subjective and psychological), and physical activity. Agents (N = 135) self-reported perception of the learning climate (Learning Climate ...
Lunt Helen H Canterbury District Health Board, Christchurch, New Zealand ; University of Otago Christchurch, Christchurch, New - - 2014
In research clinic settings, overweight adults undertaking HIIT (high intensity interval training) improve their fitness as effectively as those undertaking conventional walking programs but can do so within a shorter time spent exercising. We undertook a randomized controlled feasibility (pilot) study aimed at extending HIIT into a real world setting ...
Rao Ashwini K AK Ashwini K. Rao, EdD, OTR, FAOTA, is Associate Professor, Department of Rehabilitation and Regenerative Medicine (Program in Physical Therapy) and G. H. Sergievsky Center, College of Physicians and Surgeons, Columbia University, 710 West 168th Street, 8th Floor, New York, NY 10032; - - 2014
OBJECTIVE. Alzheimer's disease (AD) results in a loss of independence in activities of daily living (ADLs), which in turn affects the quality of life of affected people and places a burden on caretakers. Limited research has examined the influence of physical training (aerobic, balance, and strength training) on ADL performance ...
Kashigar Aidin A Toronto Western Research Institute, University Health Network, Toronto, ON, - - 2014
To investigate for the presence of central and peripheral physiological fatigue in electrical injury (EI) patients with experiential fatigue. Eight EI patients and eight age-matched healthy volunteers were recruited. Motor evoked potentials (MEP) following transcranial magnetic stimulation (TMS) and M-waves from ulnar nerve stimulation at the wrist were measured from ...
Uchida Marco C MC Faculty of Physical Education, State University of Campinas , Campinas, - - 2014
The purpose of this study was to compare the influence of measuring the overall session rating of perceived exertion (session-RPE) at 10 vs. 30 minutes following exercise. Eight boxers completed three different standardized training sessions of different intensities (easy, moderate and hard) in a matchedpairs, randomized research design. Exercise intensity ...
Millet Grégoire G ISSUL Institute of Sport Sciences University of Lausanne, Lausanne, Switzerland; Department of Physiology, University of Lausanne, Lausanne, - - 2014
This study examined the effects of intermittent hypoxic training (IHT) on skeletal muscle monocarboxylate lactate transporter (MCT) expression and anaerobic performance in trained athletes. Cyclists were assigned to two interventions, either normoxic (N; n = 8; 150 mmHg PIO2) or hypoxic (H; n = 10; ∼3000 m, 100 mmHg PIO2) over a three week ...
Coolbaugh Crystal L CL Biomedical Engineering Graduate Group, University of California Davis, Davis, California, United States of - - 2014
Measures of cardiorespiratory fitness (CRF) and heart rate recovery (HRR) can improve risk stratification for cardiovascular disease, but these measurements are rarely made in asymptomatic individuals due to cost. An exercise field test (EFT) to assess CRF and HRR would be an inexpensive method for cardiovascular disease risk assessment in ...
Macintosh Bradley J BJ Heart and Stroke Foundation Canadian Partnership for Stroke Recovery, Sunnybrook Research Institute, Toronto, Ontario, Canada; Physical Sciences, Sunnybrook Research Institute, Toronto, Ontario, Canada; Department of Medical Biophysics, University of Toronto, Toronto, Ontario, - - 2014
Physical activity is associated with positive effects on the brain but there is a paucity of clinical neuroimaging data in patients with coronary artery disease (CAD), a cardiovascular condition associated with grey matter loss. The purpose of this study was to determine which brain regions are impacted by cardiopulmonary fitness ...
Kibele Armin A Institute for Sports and Sport Science, University of Kassel, Damaschkestr. 25, Kassel 34121, - - 2014
In the past, plyometric training (PT) has been predominantly performed on stable surfaces. The purpose of this pilot study was to examine effects of a 7-week lower body PT on stable vs. unstable surfaces. This type of exercise condition may be denoted as metastable equilibrium. Thirty-three physically active male sport ...
Yamamoto Junshiro J Division of Health Science, Graduate School of Health Science, Kio - - 2014
A cardiopulmonary exercise test (CPX) can provide objective measures of exercise capacity. Specifically, incremental ramp exercise (IRE) and constant work-rate exercise (CWE) protocols are frequently used in clinical practice and for research. The CWE endurance time has shown larger increases than other indexes assessed by IRE after rehabilitation intervention. Muscle ...
Ruparel Raaj K RK Department of Urology, Mayo Clinic, Jacksonville, - - 2014
To examine resident performance on the Mimic dV-Trainer (MdVT; Mimic Technologies, Inc., Seattle, WA) for correlation with resident trainee level (postgraduate year [PGY]), console experience (CE), and simulator exposure in their training program to assess for internal bias with the simulator. Residents from programs of the Southeastern Section of the ...
Pinto Mariana de Carvalho Mde C Student of Lato-sensu Postgraduation programme in the sector of Cardiovascular Rehabilitation in the Study Centre in Physiotherapy, Rehabilitation of Faculdade de Ciência e Tecnologia, UNESP, Presidente Prudente, - - 2014
The physical exercise consists of trainable physical abilities such as strength and endurance. It can be inferred that the individual cardiac patient is dependent on it as an associated therapy to the drug treatment for a rapid and lasting improvement of their overall clinical status. The patient - with Spontaneous ...
Wang Xue-Qiang - - 2014
Low back pain affects approximately 80% of people at some stage in their lives. Exercise therapy is the most widely used nonsurgical intervention for low back pain in practice guidelines. Whole body vibration exercise is becoming increasingly popular for relieving musculoskeletal pain and improving health-related quality of life. However, the ...
Born Dennis-Peter DP Department of Sport Science, University of Wuppertal, Fuhlrottstraße 10, 42119 Wuppertal, Germany ; Department of Sport Sciences, Integrative and Experimental Exercise Science, University of Würzburg, 97082 Würzburg, - - 2014
Repeated sprint performance is determined by explosive production of power, as well as rapid recovery between successive sprints, and there is evidence that compression garments and sports taping can improve both of these factors. In each of two sub-studies, female athletes performed two sets of 30 30-m sprints (one sprint ...
Rausch-Osthoff Anne-Kathrin AK Pulmonary Division, University Hospital of Zurich, Zurich, Switzerland ; Department of Physiotherapy, Zurich University of Applied Sciences, Winterthur, Switzerland ; Zurich University of Applied Sciences, School of Health Professions, Department of Physiotherapy, Technikumstrasse 71, 8401 Winterthur, - - 2014
Resistance training of peripheral muscles has been recommended in order to increase muscle strength in patients with Chronic Obstructive Pulmonary Disease (COPD). However, whether peripheral muscle strength is associated with exercise performance (EP) and physical activity in daily life (PADL) in these patients needs to be investigated. The aim of ...
Hader Karim - - 2014
The ability to sustain brief high-intensity intermittent efforts (HIE) is meant to be a major attribute for performance in team sports. Adding changes of direction to HIE is believed to increase the specificity of training drills with respect to game demands. The aim of this study was to investigate the ...
Canouï-Poitrine Florence F Université Paris Est, Faculté de Médecine, EA 4393, Laboratoire d'Investigation Clinique, Créteil, France; AP-HP, Groupe Henri Mondor-Albert Chenevier, Service de Santé Publique, Créteil, - - 2014
Risk prediction of acute mountain sickness, high altitude (HA) pulmonary or cerebral edema is currently based on clinical assessment. Our objective was to develop a risk prediction score of Severe High Altitude Illness (SHAI) combining clinical and physiological factors. Study population was 1017 sea-level subjects who performed a hypoxia exercise ...
Tsai Ming-Chang - - 2014
This research probes into the strain changes of the great saphenous vein (GSV) during step exercises. Microelectromechanical Systems (MEMS) were used to process and develop Gauge Factors (GF=4.79±0.247), 5 males and 5 females with an average age of 20±0.6 years were asked to engage in step exercises (with step height ...
Caritá Renato Aparecido Corrêa RA Human Performance Laboratory, IB - UNESP, Rio Claro, São Paulo, - - 2014
The purpose of this study was to determine both the independent and additive effects of prior heavy-intensity exercise and pacing strategies on the VO2 kinetics and performance during high-intensity exercise. Fourteen endurance cyclists (VO2max  = 62.8±8.5 mL.kg-1.min-1) volunteered to participate in the present study with the following protocols: 1) incremental test ...
Astorino Todd A TA Department of Kinesiology, California State University San Marcos, San Marcos, California, United States of - - 2014
Alterations in maximal oxygen uptake (VO2max), heart rate (HR), and fat oxidation occur in response to chronic endurance training. However, many studies report frequent incidence of "non-responders" who do not adapt to continuous moderate exercise. Whether this is the case in response to high intensity interval training (HIT), which elicits ...
Tew Garry A GA York Trials Unit, Department of Health Sciences, University of York, York, - - 2014
In patients with large abdominal aortic aneurysm (AAA), open surgical or endovascular aneurysm repair procedures are often used to minimise the risk of aneurysm-related rupture and death; however, aneurysm repair itself carries a high risk. Low cardiopulmonary fitness is associated with an increased risk of early post-operative complications and death ...
Mbada Chidozie Emmanuel CE Department of Medical Rehabilitation, College of Health Sciences, Obafemi Awolowo University, Ile-Ife, - - 2014
Long-term Mechanical Low-Back Pain (LMLBP) negatively impacts on patients' physical capacity and quality of life. This study investigated the relationship between Health-Related Quality of Life (HRQoL) and pain intensity, and the influence of static and dynamic back extensors' endurance exercises on HRQoL in Nigerian patients with LMLBP treated with the ...
Song Qing-Hua QH The Center of Physical Health, Henan Polytechnic University Jiaozuo 454000, Henan Province, P. R. - - 2014
Observe the effect of Tai Chi exercise on the rehabilitation of elder patients suffered from the anxiety disorder. 32 elder patients suffered from the anxiety disorder are randomly divided into the experimental group and the control group and each of them consists of 16 patients. The control group only receives ...
Kressler Jochen J 1The Miami Project to Cure Paralysis, Department of Neurological Surgery, 2Department of Rehabilitation Medicine, Miller School of Medicine, University of Miami, Miami, - - 2014
Circuit resistance training (CRT) performed three times weekly for 40-45 minutes each session increases muscular strength, and both aerobic and anaerobic capacity in untrained individuals with chronic paraplegia. Whether similar CRT is also effective for conditioning of persons with chronic tetraplegia is unknown. In addition, protein supplementation (PS) prior to, ...
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