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Balducci Stefano S Metabolic Fitness Association, Monterotondo, Rome, Italy; Department of Clinical and Molecular Medicine, "La Sapienza" University, Rome, Italy; Diabetes Unit, Sant'Andrea Hospital, Rome, - - 2013
Many studies have highlighted the importance of physical activity for health and recent evidence now points to the positive improvements associated with exercise in type 2 diabetes mellitus (T2DM). However, few physicians are willing to prescribe exercise as a therapy for diabetic patients. In addition, there is a lack of ...
Barker Nicola J NJ Respiratory Medicine, Sheffield Children's NHS Foundation Trust, Sheffield, UK, S10 - - 2013
Dysfunctional breathing is described as chronic or recurrent changes in breathing pattern causing respiratory and non-respiratory symptoms. It is an umbrella term that encompasses hyperventilation syndrome and vocal cord dysfunction. Dysfunctional breathing affects 10% of the general population. Symptoms include dyspnoea, chest tightness, sighing and chest pain which arise secondary ...
McNamara Renae J RJ Clinical and Rehabilitation Sciences, Faculty of Health Sciences, The University of Sydney, Lidcombe, - - 2013
Land-based exercise training improves exercise capacity and quality of life in people with chronic obstructive pulmonary disease (COPD). Water-based exercise training is an alternative mode of physical exercise training that may appeal to the older population attending pulmonary rehabilitation programmes, those who are unable to complete land-based exercise programmes and ...
Rosenkilde M M Department of Biomedical Sciences, University of Copenhagen, Copenhagen, - - 2013
The effect of different doses of endurance training on the capacity to oxidize fat during exercise in sedentary, overweight men and assessment of variables associated with changes in peak fat oxidation (PFO) were evaluated. Young, sedentary, overweight men were randomized to either the high-dose (HIGH, 600 kcal/day, n = 17) or moderate-dose (MOD, ...
Mattar Melina Andrade MA From the *School of Medicine, Rheumatology Division; and †School of Physical Education and Sport, - - 2013
A growing number of studies have suggested that exercise may promote therapeutic effects in patients with idiopathic inflammatory myopathy. This prospective case series study aimed to report on the effects of exercise in patients with persistent active myositis. Three patients with persistent active polymyositis were submitted to a 12-week supervised ...
Moir Gavin L GL Exercise Science Department, East Stroudsburg University. - - 2013
The purpose of the present study was to investigate the effects of different configurations of repetitions within a set of deadlifts on the mechanical variables of concentric force, concentric time under tension, impulse, work, power, and fatigue. Eleven resistance trained men (age: 21.9 ± 1.0 years; deadlift 1 repetition maximum: ...
Sole Christopher J CJ East Tennessee State University, Center of Excellence for Sport Science and Coach Education, Johnson City, - - 2013
The purpose of this study was to determine the acute effects of heavy resistance exercise on agility performance in court-sport athletes. Five men (age: 20.6 ± 1.9 years; body mass: 79.36 ± 11.74 kg; body height: 1.93 ± 0.09 m) and five women (age 21.2 ± 2.7 years; body mass: ...
Liossis Loudovikos Dimitrios LD Department of Athletics, Deree, The American College of - - 2013
The purpose of this study was to examine the acute effect of upper body complex training on power output, as well as to determine the requisite preload intensity and intra-complex recovery interval needed to induce power output increases. Nine amateur-level combat/martial art athletes completed four distinct experimental protocols, which consisted ...
Romano Nuno N University of Trás-os-Montes and Alto Douro (UTAD), Vila Real, - - 2013
Exercise order is an essential variable of resistance training (RT) programs which is usually related to repetition performance. The purpose of this study was to investigate the acute effect of different resistance exercise order on the number of repetitions performed to failure and related ratings of perceived exertion (RPE). Thirteen ...
Jiang Dan D Department of Pharmacology, Laboratory of Aging and Nervous Diseases (SZS0703), Soochow University School of Pharmaceutical Science, Suzhou 215123, - - 2013
Aim:To study the roles of autophagy in muscle establishment during long-term exercise in mice.Methods:Female ICR mice were submitted to exercise training with a wheel running regimen: 6 m/min, 15 min/time, 3 times/d (on 8:00, 14:00, and 20:00), 5 d/week for 2 months. The mice were treated with the autophagy activator ...
Pullinger Samuel A SA Research Institute for Sport and Exercise Sciences, Liverpool John Moores University , Liverpool , - - 2013
In active males, muscle force production and short-term (<6 s) anaerobic performance are significantly greater in the evening compared with the morning. This diurnal variation is attributed to motivational, peripheral and central factors, and possibly the higher core and muscle temperatures observed in the evening. However, little is known regarding whether ...
Thomas Jf J Department of Kinesiology and Health Studies, Southeastern Louisiana University, Hammond, LA - - 2013
Prevailing interest in the use of kettlebell (KB) exercises for rehabilitation as well as improvement of muscular strength has led to several recent studies, some suggesting that KB exercise may be useful for improvement of cardiorespiratory fitness. The purpose of the study was to determine whether KB exercise would produce ...
Kristiansen M S MS Institute of Sports Medicine, Department of Orthopedic Surgery M, Bispebjerg Hospital and Center for Healthy Ageing, Faculty of Health Sciences, University of Copenhagen, Copenhagen, - - 2013
This study investigated how one bout (1EX) and three bouts (3EX) of strenuous resistance exercise affected the cross-sectional area (CSA) and water content (WC) of the quadriceps muscle and patella tendon (PT), 4 h and 52 h after the last exercise bout. Ten healthy untrained male subjects performed 1EX with one leg ...
Bonini Matteo M 1 Asthma Research Center, Brigham and Women's Hospital, Harvard Medical School, Boston, Massachusetts; - - 2013
β2-Agonists are the treatment of choice for exercise-induced bronchoconstriction (EIB) and act through specific receptors (ADRB2). Arg16Gly polymorphisms have been shown to affect responses to regular use of β2-agonists. To evaluate the influence of the Arg16Gly receptor polymorphism on salmeterol bronchoprotection in EIB and assess predictors of bronchoprotection. A prospective, ...
Magrì Damiano D Department of Clinical and Molecular Medicine, 'Sapienza' Università degli Studi di Roma, Roma, - - 2013
An independent role for the exercise-induced heart rate (HR) response-and specifically the chronotropic incompetence (CI)-in the prognosis of heart failure (HF) is still debated. The multicentre study reported here sought to investigate the prognostic values of HR and CI variables on cardiovascular mortality in a large cohort of systolic HF ...
Zlebnik Natalie E NE Graduate Program in Neuroscience, Jackson Hall, 321 Church St. SE, University of MN, Minneapolis, MN 55455, USA; Department of Psychiatry, Diehl Hall, 505 Essex St. SE, University of MN, Minneapolis, MN 55455, USA. Electronic address: - - 2013
Emerging evidence from human and animal studies suggests that exercise is a highly effective treatment for drug addiction. However, most work has been done in behavioral models, and the effects of exercise on the neurobiological substrates of addiction have not been identified. Specifically, it is unknown whether prior exercise exposure ...
Mola Jameson J 1Southampton Solent University, Southampton - - 2013
Resistance exercise may acutely enhance muscle contractile activity which is known as postactivation potentiation (PAP). PAP augments important skills that require power production that are necessary during soccer performance. The aim of this study was to determine the optimal recovery time to elicit PAP following a bout of high-intensity resistance ...
Samani Afshin A Laboratory for Ergonomics and Work-related Disorders, Center for Sensory-Motor Interaction (SMI), Department of Health Science and Technology, Aalborg University, Fredrik Bajers Vej 7 D-3, 9220 Aalborg East, Denmark. Electronic address: - - 2013
The aim of this study was to compare the capability of a cluster-based exposure variation (C-EVA) with a conventional exposure variation analysis (EVA) to detect muscular adaptation in the shoulder joint to subsequent sessions of eccentric exercise (ECC). Eleven healthy subjects performed work with a computer mouse for 10min at ...
Cortes N N Sports Medicine Assessment, Research & Testing (SMART) Laboratory, George Mason University, USA. Electronic address: - - 2013
When individuals perform purposeful actions to fatigue, there is typically a general decline in their movement performance. This study was designed to investigate the effects exercise-induced fatigue has on lower limb kinetics and kinematics during a side-step cutting task. In particular, it was of interest to determine what changes could ...
Fischer Gabriela - - 2013
To investigate the impact of respiratory muscle endurance training (RMET) on lung function and exercise performance in athletes with high lesion level paraplegia. This was a case-control intervention study. Sport and exercise science laboratories and bike path. Twelve competitive handbike athletes with high lesion level paraplegia matched by lesion and ...
Dishman Rod K - - 2013
This study aimed to test experiential and behavioral processes of change as mediators of the prediction of exercise behavior by two self-regulation traits, self-efficacy and self-motivation, while controlling for exercise enjoyment. Structural equation modeling was applied to questionnaire responses obtained from a diverse sample of participants. Objective measures defined adherence ...
Yano T - - 2013
The purpose of the present study was to examine how end tidal CO2 pressure (PETCO2) is controlled in impulse exercise. After pre-exercise at 25 watts for 5 min, impulse exercise for 10 sec with 200 watts followed by post exercise at 25 watts was performed. Ventilation (V̇E) significantly increased until ...
Buckingham G G Department of Psychology, School of Life Sciences, Heriot-Watt University, David Brewster Building, Edinburgh, EA14 4AS, UK, - - 2013
In the size-weight illusion (SWI), large objects feel lighter than equally weighted small objects. In the present study, we investigated whether this powerful weight illusion could influence real-lift behavior-namely, whether individuals would perform more bicep curls with a dumbbell that felt subjectively lighter than with an identically weighted, but heavier-feeling, ...
Forbes Dorothy - - 2013
This is an update of our previous 2008 review. Several recent trials and systematic reviews of the impact of exercise on people with dementia are reporting promising findings.  OBJECTIVES: Primary: Do exercise programs for older people with dementia improve cognition, activities of daily living (ADLs), challenging behaviour, depression, and mortality ...
Snijders Tim - - 2013
Skeletal muscle satellite cells (SCs) play an important role in the myogenic adaptive response to exercise. It remains to be established whether nutrition plays a role in SC activation in response to exercise. In the present study, we assessed whether dietary protein alters the SC response to a single bout ...
Harada Kazuhiro K Section for Physical Function Activation, National Center for Geriatrics and Gerontology, Obu, - - 2013
This study aimed to examine the association of muscle-strengthening activity with knee and low back pain, falls, and health related quality of life among Japanese older adults. A cross-sectional survey targeted 3000people. The response rate was 52% and 208 respondents did not meet the inclusion criteria. Therefore, 1351 individuals were ...
Schmitz Randy J RJ Applied Neuromechanics Research Laboratory, Department of Kinesiology, University of North Carolina at Greensboro, Greensboro, - - 2013
Potential biomechanical compensations allowing for maintenance of maximal explosive performance during prolonged intermittent exercise, with respect to the corresponding rise in injury rates during the later stages of exercise/competition, are relatively unknown. To identify lower extremity countermovement jump (CMJ) biomechanical factors using a Principal Components approach, and then examine how ...
Sugimoto Hiroe - - 2013
The present study clarifies the effects of participation in a preventative health classroom program (exercise program) for 1 year on the physical functions of pre-frail elderly individuals in comparison with healthy elderly individuals. Participants in the study included 28 elderly pre-frail female participants and 28 elderly healthy female participants. Participants ...
Crowgey Theresa T a Duke University Medical Center, Durham, NC 27710, - - 2014
The purpose of this study was to examine the relationship between self-reported exercise behavior, cardiorespiratory fitness (CRF), and cognitive function in early breast cancer patients. Thirty-seven breast cancer patients following completion of chemotherapy (median 16 months) and 14 controls were studied. Cognitive function was assessed using the Central Nervous System ...
Leung Regina Wm - - 2013
Tai Chi is an ancient Chinese martial art which incorporates elements of strengthening, balance, postural alignment and concentration. The benefits of Tai Chi in the healthy population have been widely examined. In comparison, only three studies have evaluated the effects of Tai Chi in people with chronic obstructive pulmonary disease ...
Kelly Robert E RE - - 2013
A multicenter study of pectus excavatum was described previously. This report presents our final results. Patients treated surgically at 11 centers were followed prospectively. Each underwent a preoperative evaluation with CT scan, pulmonary function tests, and body image survey. Data were collected about associated conditions, complications, and perioperative pain. One ...
Vinciguerra G - - 2013
Aim: The aim of this registry study was to evaluate the effects of Pycnogenol® (French pine bark extract) on improving physical fitness (PF) in normal individuals using the Army Physical Fitness Test (APFT). The study evaluated the efficacy of Pycnogenol, used as a supplement, in improving training, exercise, recovery and ...
Vobejda C - - 2013
Aim: The aim of the present study was to improve and confirm a time trial (TT) based method for determining anaerobic threshold (AnT) requiring minimal equipment. Methods: Eighteen participants underwent three to five all-out TTs for at the most 60 min. Velocity of the TTs was adapted in 0.1 or ...
Yu Qian - - 2013
The aim of the present study was to investigate the effects of exercise training on the characteristics of long-term potentiation (LTP) and N-methyl-D aspartate (NMDA) receptor channels in the hippocampal CA3 neurons of rats with cerebral infarction. Wistar rats were randomly allocated into the model without any training and rehabilitation ...
Coulter Corinne L - - 2013
In people who have been discharged from hospital after a total hip replacement, do rehabilitation exercises directed by a physiotherapist improve strength, gait, function and quality of life? Are these exercises as effective in an unsupervised home-based setting as they are in a supervised outpatient setting? Systematic review with meta-analysis ...
Lindstedt Stan L - - 2013
This laboratory exercise demonstrates fundamental principles of mammalian locomotion. It provides opportunities to interrogate aspects of locomotion from biomechanics to energetics to body size scaling. It has the added benefit of having results with robust signal to noise so that students will have success even if not "meticulous" in attention ...
Osawa Y - - 2013
Exogenous stimulation of skeletal muscle or tendon is often used to improve range of motion. Despite substantial research efforts, however, the effects of vibration on flexibility have not been clarified. In this review, we investigated the effects of acute and chronic intervention programs which used vibration to improve flexibility in ...
Yang Pearl - - 2013
Structured, gym-based exercise training has been shown to be effective at improving aerobic fitness and glycemic control in persons with type 2 diabetes. However, community-based diabetes programs more commonly incorporate less structured programming, promoting exercise at home. The objectives of this study were to evaluate a community-based, hybrid exercise program ...
Yoon Seok S Sport Studies and Physical Education, Chowan University, Murfreesboro, - - 2013
This study used a path analysis approach to examine the relationship between feelings of energy, exercise-related self-efficacy beliefs, and exercise participation. A cross-sectional mailing survey design was used to measure feelings of physical and mental energy, task and scheduling self-efficacy beliefs, and voluntary moderate and vigorous exercise participation in 368 ...
Scarapicchia T M F MF Department of Kinesiology and Physical Education, McGill University, Montreal, QC, - - 2013
Young inactive healthy-weight females (n = 42) were randomly assigned to exercise at a self-selected pace on a treadmill beside a confederate who was providing either intrinsic or externally regulated verbal primes. Heart rate (HR), rating of perceived exertion (RPE), percentage of time spent in moderate-to-vigorous physical activity (MVPA), and ...
Han Gun-Soo GS Department of Sports and Leisure Studies, College of Humanity, Daegu University, Republic of - - 2013
[Purpose] The purpose of this study was to investigate the effects of eight weeks of an endurance exercise training program on cardiac hypertrophy in mice. [Subjects] Male 129 SvJ/C57BL6 mice (n=12) were used. The exercised mice ran on a motor-driven treadmill five days per week for 40 minutes at a ...
Buchheit Martin - - 2013
To examine the time course of wellness, fatigue and performance during an altitude training camp (La Paz, 3600 m) in two groups of either sea-level (Australian) or altitude (Bolivian) native young soccer players. Wellness and fatigue were assessed using questionnaires and resting heart rate (HR) and HR variability. Physical performance ...
Peçanha Tiago T Laboratory of Motor Assessment, Faculty of Physical Education and Sports, Federal University of Juiz de Fora, Brazil. - - 2013
Most studies investigating the effects of non-pharmacological interventions, such as physical training (PT), on cardiac autonomic control, assessed the HRV only in resting conditions. Recently, a new time-frequency mathematical approach based on the short-time Fourier transform (STFT) method has been validated for the assessment of HRV in non-stationary conditions such ...
Tibana Ramires A - - 2013
This study compared two different rest intervals (RI) between sets of resistance exercise. Ten resistance-trained men (M age = 24.3, SD = 3.5 yr.; M weigh t= 80.0 kg, SD = 15.3; M height = 1.75 m, SD = 0.04) performed five sets of Smith machine bench presses at 60% ...
Chen Yi-Lang - - 2013
The objective of this study was to assess the relationship between the scores collected from Borg's rating of perceived exertion (RPE) scale and the heart rates (HR) of young Taiwanese men. Three exercises types (dynamic, partially dynamic, and static) were performed by 12 participants (six were familiar with Borg's scale ...
Buttery Amanda K - - 2013
Introduction: falling, and fear of falling, significantly affect older people and their lifestyle resulting in loss of confidence, restriction of activity and deteriorating quality of life. Multi-factorial assessment and active participation in an evidence-based exercise programme are key interventions to prevent and manage falls. to examine older people's experiences of ...
Milligan Fiona - - 2013
In the current economic climate within the NHS, behavioural-change interventions in chronic disease such as exercise programmes will be time-limited within acute hospital facilities. The challenge is to deliver cost-effective, participatory, population-specific health interventions that result in measurable benefits. Methodology: A mixed-methods study was undertaken to assess the benefits of ...
Lintu Niina - - 2013
Abstract We investigated cardiovascular fitness and haemodynamic responses to maximal cycle ergometer exercise test in children. The participants were a population sample of 425 children (204 girls, 221 boys) aged 6-8 years. Heart rate (HR) and systolic blood pressure (SBP) were measured from the beginning of pre-exercise rest to the ...
Giné-Garriga Maria - - 2013
To conduct a systematic review to determine the efficacy of exercise-based interventions on improving performance-based measures of physical function and markers of physical frailty, in community-dwelling frail older people. Comprehensive bibliographic searches in Medline, The Cochrane Library, PEDro, and CINAHL databases were conducted (April 2013). Randomized clinical trials of community-dwelling ...
Park Eun-Young - - 2013
This study aimed to investigate the evidence that strengthening interventions can improve muscle strength and activity in individuals with cerebral palsy. The search focused on studies that employed strength training for children with cerebral palsy for which six electronic databases were used to extract literature published from 2001 to 2012. ...
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