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Di Paco Adriano A Pulmonary Rehabilitation and Weaning Center, Auxilium Vitae, Volterra, Pisa, Italy. - - 2014
The purpose of this study was to evaluate the role of ventilatory parameters in maximal exercise performance in elite soccer players. From September 2009 to December 2012, 90 elite soccer players underwent evaluation of lung function test and ergospirometry by means of an incremental symptom-limited treadmill test. Results were analyzed ...
McDonnell Michelle N MN International Centre for Allied Health Evidence, University of South Australia , Adelaide, South Australia , - - 2014
Purpose. People with stroke living in the community have an increased prevalence of depression and lower quality of life than healthy older adults. This cross-sectional observational study investigated whether participation in regular exercise was associated with improved mood and quality of life. Methods. We recruited three groups of community dwelling ...
Su Chuan-Jun CJ Department of Industrial Engineering & Management, Yuan Ze University, No.135, Yuandong Rd., Zhongli City, Taoyuan County 320, Taiwan. - - 2014
Good physical fitness generally makes the body less prone to common diseases. A personalized exercise plan that promotes a balanced approach to fitness helps promotes fitness, while inappropriate forms of exercise can have adverse consequences for health. This paper aims to develop an ontology-driven knowledge-based system for generating custom-designed exercise ...
Ruparel Raaj K RK Department of Urology, Mayo Clinic, Jacksonville, - - 2014
To examine resident performance on the Mimic dV-Trainer (MdVT; Mimic Technologies, Inc., Seattle, WA) for correlation with resident trainee level (postgraduate year [PGY]), console experience (CE), and simulator exposure in their training program to assess for internal bias with the simulator. Residents from programs of the Southeastern Section of the ...
Hu Zhijun Z Department of Rehabilitation Medicine, Longhua Hospital, Shanghai University of Traditional Chinese Medicine, Shanghai 200032, - - 2014
In this paper, we carried out a randomized controlled clinical trial to explore the effect of 12-words-for-life-nurturing exercise on patients presenting with cervical spondylosis. After exercise intervention, the mean VAS and NDI scores of the patients decreased significantly and the scores of BP, VT, and MH in SF-36 Health Questionnaire ...
Millet Grégoire G ISSUL Institute of Sport Sciences University of Lausanne, Lausanne, Switzerland; Department of Physiology, University of Lausanne, Lausanne, - - 2014
This study examined the effects of intermittent hypoxic training (IHT) on skeletal muscle monocarboxylate lactate transporter (MCT) expression and anaerobic performance in trained athletes. Cyclists were assigned to two interventions, either normoxic (N; n = 8; 150 mmHg PIO2) or hypoxic (H; n = 10; ∼3000 m, 100 mmHg PIO2) over a three week ...
Wolff Gretchen G Department of Biochemistry and Molecular Biology, University of Miami School of Medicine, Miami, Florida, United States of - - 2014
Tumor cell extravasation into the brain requires passage through the blood-brain barrier (BBB). There is evidence that exercise can alter the oxidation status of the brain microvasculature and protect against tumor cell invasion into the brain, although the mechanisms are not well understood. In the current study, we focused on ...
Yamamoto Junshiro J Division of Health Science, Graduate School of Health Science, Kio - - 2014
A cardiopulmonary exercise test (CPX) can provide objective measures of exercise capacity. Specifically, incremental ramp exercise (IRE) and constant work-rate exercise (CWE) protocols are frequently used in clinical practice and for research. The CWE endurance time has shown larger increases than other indexes assessed by IRE after rehabilitation intervention. Muscle ...
Ferreira Sandro S SS Department of Physical Education, Federal University of Parana, Caixa Postal 92, JD Botânico, 80215-370 Curitiba, PR, - - 2014
The rating of perceived exertion (RPE) is ability to detect and interpret organic sensations while performing exercises. This method has been used to measure the level of effort that is felt during weight-training at a given intensity. The purpose of this investigation was to compare session RPE values with those ...
Pinto Mariana de Carvalho Mde C Student of Lato-sensu Postgraduation programme in the sector of Cardiovascular Rehabilitation in the Study Centre in Physiotherapy, Rehabilitation of Faculdade de Ciência e Tecnologia, UNESP, Presidente Prudente, - - 2014
The physical exercise consists of trainable physical abilities such as strength and endurance. It can be inferred that the individual cardiac patient is dependent on it as an associated therapy to the drug treatment for a rapid and lasting improvement of their overall clinical status. The patient - with Spontaneous ...
Bronner Shaw S ADAM Center, Department of Physical Therapy, Bouvé College of Health Sciences, Northeastern University, 360 Huntington Avenue, Boston, Massachusetts 02115, USA; Physical Therapy Services, Alvin Ailey American Dance Theater, New York, New York, USA. - - 2014
While studies have investigated the physical demands of dance in terms of cardiorespiratory fitness, there are no recent comparisons of cardiorespiratory response to exercise among professional dancers of different genres. Our purpose was to: 1. develop a cardiorespiratory profile of professional dancers; 2. investigate differences in peak and recovery heart ...
Astorino Todd A TA Department of Kinesiology, California State University San Marcos, San Marcos, California, United States of - - 2014
Alterations in maximal oxygen uptake (VO2max), heart rate (HR), and fat oxidation occur in response to chronic endurance training. However, many studies report frequent incidence of "non-responders" who do not adapt to continuous moderate exercise. Whether this is the case in response to high intensity interval training (HIT), which elicits ...
Coolbaugh Crystal L CL Biomedical Engineering Graduate Group, University of California Davis, Davis, California, United States of - - 2014
Measures of cardiorespiratory fitness (CRF) and heart rate recovery (HRR) can improve risk stratification for cardiovascular disease, but these measurements are rarely made in asymptomatic individuals due to cost. An exercise field test (EFT) to assess CRF and HRR would be an inexpensive method for cardiovascular disease risk assessment in ...
Navalta James W JW Kinesiology and Nutrition Sciences, University of Nevada, Las Vegas, 4505 S. Maryland Parkway, P.O. Box 453034, Las Vegas, NV 89154-3034, - - 2014
This investigation assessed the lymphocyte subset response to three days of intermittent run exercise to exhaustion. Twelve healthy college-aged males (n = 8) and females (n = 4) (age = 26 ± 4 years; height = 170.2 ± 10 cm; body mass = 75 ± 18 kg) completed an exertion test (maximal ...
Pradhapan Paruthi P Department of Electronics and Communication Engineering, Tampere University of Technology Tampere, Finland ; BioMediTech Tampere, - - 2014
The non-linear inverse relationship between RR-intervals and heart rate (HR) contributes significantly to the heart rate variability (HRV) parameters and their performance in mortality prediction. To determine the level of influence HR exerts over HRV parameters' prognostic power, we studied the predictive performance for different HR levels by applying eight ...
Damasceno Mayara V MV Endurance Performance Research Group, School of Physical Education and Sport, University of São Paulo, São Paulo, São Paulo, - - 2014
Previous studies report that static stretching (SS) impairs running economy. Assuming that pacing strategy relies on rate of energy use, this study aimed to determine whether SS would modify pacing strategy and performance in a 3-km running time-trial. Eleven recreational distance runners performed a) a constant-speed running test without previous ...
Born Dennis-Peter DP Department of Sport Science, University of Wuppertal, Fuhlrottstraße 10, 42119 Wuppertal, Germany ; Department of Sport Sciences, Integrative and Experimental Exercise Science, University of Würzburg, 97082 Würzburg, - - 2014
Repeated sprint performance is determined by explosive production of power, as well as rapid recovery between successive sprints, and there is evidence that compression garments and sports taping can improve both of these factors. In each of two sub-studies, female athletes performed two sets of 30 30-m sprints (one sprint ...
Rivett LouAnn L Physiotherapy Department, School of Therapeutic Sciences, Faculty of Health Sciences, University of the Witwatersrand, Johannesburg, South - - 2014
There is controversy as to whether conservative management that includes wearing a brace and exercises is effective in stabilising idiopathic scoliosis curves. A brace only prevents progression of the curve and has been shown to have favourable outcomes when patients are compliant. So the aim of this study was to: ...
Park Gi Duck GD Department of Leisure Sport, Kyungpook National University, Republic of - - 2014
[Purpose] The physical strength elements required for athletic throwing events include muscle strength, swiftness, agility, speed, flexibility, and physical balance. Although plyometric training and weight training are implemented as representative training methods for improving swiftness and agility, most studies of it have been conducted with players of other sports. [Subjects] ...
Fenuta Alyssa M AM Department of Kinesiology, McMaster University, 1280 Main Street West, Hamilton, ON, Canada L8S - - 2014
Body weight supported locomotor training uses neuroplasticity principles to improve recovery following a spinal cord injury (SCI). Steady state locomotion using the same body weight support (BWS) percent was compared in 7 males (42.6 ± 4.29 years) with incomplete SCI and matched (gender, age) noninjured controls (42.7 ± 5.4 years) ...
Bellar David D School of Kinesiology, University of Louisiana at Lafayette, 225 Cajundome Blvd, Lafayette, LA 70506, - - 2014
The present investigation evaluated the efficacy of a botanical supplement that delivered a concentrated dose of Echinacea purpurea (8 grams day(-1)). The participants were 13 apparently healthy, recreationally active college students (VO2 max: 51 mL O2/kg∗min). The participants were provided with a 30-day supplementation regime. Data regarding maximum aerobic capacity was ...
Esbenshade Adam J AJ Department of Pediatrics (Drs Esbenshade and Friedman), Vanderbilt University School of Medicine and the Monroe Carell Jr. Children's Hospital at Vanderbilt, Nashville, Tennessee; Departments of Epidemiology and Cancer Control (Mr Smith and Drs Robison and Ness) and Oncology (Drs Jeha and Pui), St. Jude Children's Research Hospital, Memphis, Tennessee; Vanderbilt-Ingram Cancer Center (Drs Esbenshade and Friedman), Nashville, - - 2014
Children with acute lymphoblastic leukemia (ALL) are at increased risk of obesity and deconditioning from cancer therapy. This pilot study assessed feasibility/initial efficacy of an exercise intervention for patients with ALL undergoing maintenance therapy. Participants were aged 5 to 10 years, receiving maintenance therapy, in first remission. A 6-month home-based ...
Jindo Takashi T Graduate School of Comprehensive Human Sciences, University of - - 2014
Aim: The purpose of this study was to investigate determinants of changes in physical fitness after a fall-prevention exercise program in older females. Methods: The study subjects included 83 community-dwelling females 65 years of age or older (mean age: 70.4±4.0 years) living in Kasama City, rural Japan. All subjects participated ...
Shu Hai-Feng HF Department of Neurosurgery, General Hospital of the People's Liberation Army Chengdu Military Region, Chengdu, Sichuan, - - 2014
Although some trials assessed the effectiveness of aerobic exercise for Parkinson's disease (PD), the role of aerobic exercise in the management of PD remained controversial. The purpose of this systematic review is to evaluate the evidence about whether aerobic exercise is effective for PD. Seven electronic databases, up to December ...
Whitcher Lucas L Department of Applied Arts and Sciences, University of Montana-Missoula College, Missoula, MT 95812, - - 2014
The purpose of this investigation was to compare accelerometer activity counts and oxygen consumption between young and elderly individuals. Sixteen young (21.3 ± 2.5 yrs) and sixteen elderly (66.6 ± 2.9 yrs) participants completed 30 minutes of resting oxygen consumption to determine resting metabolic rate and four 6 min walking intensities ranging from ...
Rausch-Osthoff Anne-Kathrin AK Pulmonary Division, University Hospital of Zurich, Zurich, Switzerland ; Department of Physiotherapy, Zurich University of Applied Sciences, Winterthur, Switzerland ; Zurich University of Applied Sciences, School of Health Professions, Department of Physiotherapy, Technikumstrasse 71, 8401 Winterthur, - - 2014
Resistance training of peripheral muscles has been recommended in order to increase muscle strength in patients with Chronic Obstructive Pulmonary Disease (COPD). However, whether peripheral muscle strength is associated with exercise performance (EP) and physical activity in daily life (PADL) in these patients needs to be investigated. The aim of ...
Heenan Adam A Queen's University, Department of Psychology, Kingston, Ontario, - - 2014
Biological motion stimuli, such as orthographically projected stick figure walkers, are ambiguous about their orientation in depth. The projection of a stick figure walker oriented towards the viewer, therefore, is the same as its projection when oriented away. Even though such figures are depth-ambiguous, however, observers tend to interpret them ...
Ichihashi Shigeo S Department of Radiology, Nara Medical University, Kashihara, Nara, - - 2014
Intermittent claudication is a serious symptom in patients with peripheral arterial disease, and severely limits activities of daily living. Conservative treatment (optimal medical therapy and exercise rehabilitation programs) and revascularization procedures (endovascular treatment [EVT] or open bypass surgery) can relieve intermittent claudication. Among these treatment options, EVT has developed dramatically ...
Sousa Ana C AC Centre of Research, Education, Innovation and Intervention in Sport, Faculty of Sport, University of Porto, Rua Dr. Plácido Costa, 91, 4200-450 Porto, - - 2014
A bioenergetical analysis of swimming at intensities near competitive distances is inexistent. It was aimed to compare the transient VO2 kinetics responses and metabolic contributions whilst swimming at different velocities around VO2max⁡. 12 trained male swimmers performed (i) an incremental protocol to determine the velocity at VO2max⁡ (vVO2max⁡) and (ii) ...
Nambi Gopal S GS Department of Physiotherapy, C.U. Shah Physiotherapy College, Gujarat, - - 2014
Nonspecific chronic low back (nCLBP) pain is prevalent among adult population and often leads to functional limitations, psychological symptoms, lower quality of life (QOL), and higher healthcare costs. The purpose of this study was to determine the efficacy of Iyengar yoga therapy on pain intensity and health related quality of ...
Imtiyaz Shagufta S Research Student, Centre for Physiotherapy and Rehabilitation Sciences , Jamia Millia Islamia (Central University), New Delhi-25, India - - 2014
To compare the effects of vibration therapy and massage in prevention of DOMS. Pre-test and Post-test Control-Group Design was used, 45 healthy female non athletic Subjects were recruited and randomly distributed to the three groups (15 subject in each group). After the subject's initial status was measured experimental groups received ...
Moradi Saleh S Department of Management, University of Otago Dunedin, New Zealand ; Network for Empowerment and Well-Being Gothenburg, - - 2014
Performance monitoring might have an adverse influence on call center agents' well-being. We investigate how performance, over a 6-month period, is related to agents' perceptions of their learning climate, character strengths, well-being (subjective and psychological), and physical activity. Agents (N = 135) self-reported perception of the learning climate (Learning Climate ...
Drent Marjolein M Department of interstitial lung diseases, Hospital Gelderse Vallei Ede Maastricht, University, Faculty of Health, Medicine and Life Sciences, Department of Toxicology. - - 2014
Quality of life (QOL) is often reduced in patients with sarcoidosis. Studies of the associations between physical functions and QOL are lacking. So the aims of this study were (i) to evaluate the associations between QOL and physical functions, including muscle strength and exercise capacity, and other clinical characteristics, and ...
Strickland Justin C JC Department of Psychology and Program in Neuroscience, Davidson College, Davidson NC, - - 2014
Numerous studies have revealed the beneficial effects of regular exercise across a variety of mental health measures. Although a great deal of attention has been paid to the role of aerobic exercise, less is known about the role of resistance exercise (i.e., strength training) in mental health outcomes. Resistance exercise ...
Canouï-Poitrine Florence F Université Paris Est, Faculté de Médecine, EA 4393, Laboratoire d'Investigation Clinique, Créteil, France; AP-HP, Groupe Henri Mondor-Albert Chenevier, Service de Santé Publique, Créteil, - - 2014
Risk prediction of acute mountain sickness, high altitude (HA) pulmonary or cerebral edema is currently based on clinical assessment. Our objective was to develop a risk prediction score of Severe High Altitude Illness (SHAI) combining clinical and physiological factors. Study population was 1017 sea-level subjects who performed a hypoxia exercise ...
Kibele Armin A Institute for Sports and Sport Science, University of Kassel, Damaschkestr. 25, Kassel 34121, - - 2014
In the past, plyometric training (PT) has been predominantly performed on stable surfaces. The purpose of this pilot study was to examine effects of a 7-week lower body PT on stable vs. unstable surfaces. This type of exercise condition may be denoted as metastable equilibrium. Thirty-three physically active male sport ...
Nassif Camila C School of Human Movement Studies, Charles Sturt University, Bathurst, New South Wales, - - 2014
This study evaluated double blind ingestions of placebo (PLA) versus 6% carbohydrate (CHO) either as capsules (c) or beverage (b) during 60 km self-paced cycling in the heat (32°C and 50% relative humidity). Ten well-trained males (mean ± SD: 26±3 years; 64.5±7.7 kg and 70.7±8.8 ml.kg-1.min-1 maximal oxygen consumption) completed ...
Lunt Helen H Canterbury District Health Board, Christchurch, New Zealand ; University of Otago Christchurch, Christchurch, New - - 2014
In research clinic settings, overweight adults undertaking HIIT (high intensity interval training) improve their fitness as effectively as those undertaking conventional walking programs but can do so within a shorter time spent exercising. We undertook a randomized controlled feasibility (pilot) study aimed at extending HIIT into a real world setting ...
Sanguinetti Claudio M CM Consultant Respiratory Medicine, Quisisana Clinical Center, Via G, Porro 5, Rome 00197, Italy. - - 2014
Chronic obstructive pulmonary disease (COPD) is characterized by persistent airflow limitation caused by bronchial alterations, small airways disease and parenchymal destruction. In patients with COPD the structural and functional lung alterations can progress more or less rapidly from the initial small airways disease to an overt COPD where a severe ...
Wang Xue-Qiang - - 2014
Low back pain affects approximately 80% of people at some stage in their lives. Exercise therapy is the most widely used nonsurgical intervention for low back pain in practice guidelines. Whole body vibration exercise is becoming increasingly popular for relieving musculoskeletal pain and improving health-related quality of life. However, the ...
Wilkinson Daniel James DJ 1University of - - 2013
Quantification of muscle protein synthesis (MPS) remains a cornerstone to understanding the control of muscle mass. Traditional (13)C-amino-acid tracer methodologies necessitate sustained bed-rest and intravenous cannulation(s), restricting studies to ~12h, and thus cannot holistically inform on diurnal MPS. This limits insight into the regulation of habitual muscle metabolism in health, ...
Pătru Simona S Department of Medical Rehabilitation, University of Medicine and Pharmacy of Craiova, - - 2014
Chronic peripheral obstructive arteriopathies (CPOA), together with their determinations, play an important role in the elderly pathology and represent one of the most frequent causes of disability, thus having a negative impact on the patient's quality of life. Therefore, in this clinical randomized trial we proposed to study the efficiency ...
Lin I M IM Department of Psychology, Kaohsiung Medical University, No 100, Shiquan 1st Rd., Kaohsiung City, 807, Taiwan. Electronic address: - - 2013
Prior studies have found that a breathing pattern of 6 or 5.5 breaths per minute (bpm) was associated with greater heart rate variability (HRV) than that of spontaneous breathing rate. However, the effects of combining the breathing rate with the inhalation-to-exhalation ratio (I:E ratio) on HRV indices are inconsistent. This ...
Davitt Patrick M PM 1Department of Nutritional Sciences, Rutgers University, New Brunswick, NJ, 08901. 2Department of Exercise Science and Sport Studies, Rutgers University, New Brunswick, NJ 08801, - - 2013
While both endurance (E) and resistance (R) exercise improve various health and fitness variables, there is still debate regarding the optimal ordering of these modes of exercise within a concurrent bout. The purpose of this study was to determine the effects of performing E before R (E-R) or R before ...
Allen Brett A BA J.E. Cosgriff Memorial Catholic School, 2334 Redondo Ave. Salt Lake City, Utah 84108, E-mail: ballen@cosgriff.org, Phone: 801-486-3197, Fax: 801-484-8270 Department of Exercise and Sport Science, University of Utah, College of Health, 250 S. 1850 E., HPER North RM 241, Salt Lake City Utah 84112, E-mail: james.hannon@hsc.utah.edu, Phone: 801-581-7646, Fax: 801-585-3992 Department of Exercise and Sport Science, University of Utah, College of Health, 250 S. 1850 E., HPER North RM 241, Salt Lake City, Utah 84112, E-mail: ryan.d.burns@utah.edu, Phone: 801-695-5693, Fax: 801-585-3992 School of Kinesiology and Recreation, Illinois State University, Campus Box 5120, Normal, IL 61790-5120, Email: swillia@ilstu.edu, Phone: 309-438-1114, Fax: - - 2013
Trunk and core muscular development has been advocated to increase athletic performance and for maintenance of musculoskeletal health, especially related to the prevention of low back pain (LBP). The purpose of this study was to examine the effects of a simple core conditioning routine on tests of trunk and core ...
Fuller L M LM Department of Physiotherapy, The Alfred, Melbourne, Vic., Australia; La Trobe University, Bundoora, Vic., - - 2013
Exercise rehabilitation is a key element of care following lung transplantation; however, little is known about the patients' experience of rehabilitation, or whether it meets the needs of this complex patient group. This qualitative study explored patients' expectations of a supervised exercise rehabilitation program following lung transplantation. Participants undertook two ...
Cholewa Jason J Department of Kinesiology Recreation and Sport Studies, Coastal Carolina University, Conway, - - 2013
Human muscle hypertrophy brought about by voluntary exercise in laboratorial conditions is the most common way to study resistance exercise training, especially because of its reliability, stimulus control and easy application to resistance training exercise sessions at fitness centers. However, because of the complexity of blood factors and organs involved, ...
Adams Jenny J Cardiac Rehabilitation Department, Baylor Hamilton Heart and Vascular Hospital, Dallas, Texas. Electronic address: - - 2013
Sternal precautions are intended to prevent complications after median sternotomy, but little data exist to support the consensus recommendations. To better characterize the forces on the sternum that can occur during everyday events, we conducted a prospective nonrandomized study of 41 healthy volunteers that evaluated the force exerted during bench ...
Patel Vimal V Inherited Cardiac Diseases Unit, The Heart Hospital, University College London, London, United - - 2014
Recovery in heart rate (HR) after exercise is a measure of autonomic function and a prognostic indicator in cardiovascular disease. The aim of this study was to characterize heart rate recovery (HRR) and to determine its relation to cardiac function and morphology in patients with hypertrophic cardiomyopathy (HC). We studied ...
Lima Cássia Borges CB Department of Physiology and Pharmacology, Universidade Federal de Pernambuco, 50670901, Recife, - - 2013
Physical exercise and excessive consumption of monosodium glutamate (MSG) can affect the morphological and electrophysiological organization of the brain during development. However, the interaction of both factors remains unclear. We analyzed the effect of this interaction on the excitability-related phenomenon known as cortical spreading depression (CSD) and the microglial reaction ...
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