Search Results
Results 451 - 500 of 2104
< 5 6 7 8 9 10 11 12 13 14 15 >
Spiliopoulou Styliani Ioannis - - 2013
Context :  Side-alternating vibration (SAV) may help reduce the risk of falling by improving body balance control. Such training has been promoted as a strength training intervention because it can increase muscle activation through an augmented excitatory input from the muscle spindles. Objective :  To determine the effect of SAV ...
Gacesa Jelena Z Popadic - - 2013
Context :  As a result of the adaptation process, some functional properties show different functions over time during strength training. Muscle strength and fatigue may show different adaptation patterns in reaching the improvement plateau after several weeks of training. Objective :  To follow muscle endurance and fatigue values during resistance ...
Ozkaya Ozgur - - 2013
The purpose of this study was to evaluate the contribution of the three main energy pathways during a 30-s elliptical all-out test (EAT) compared to the Wingate all-out test (WAT). Participants were twelve male team sport players (age: 20.3±1.8 years; body mass: 74.8±12.4 kg; height: 176.0±9.10 cm; body fat: 12.1±1.0%). ...
Burke Shaunna M - - 2013
The purpose of this longitudinal study was to explore advanced rectal cancer patients' perceptions of quality of life (QoL) during participation in a pre-surgery structured exercise program. Patients (n = 10) participated in repeated semi-structured in-depth interviews which covered four broad QoL domains (i.e., physical, psychological, social, and spiritual well-being). Patients' personal ...
Sheehy Susan Budassi - - 2013
A nurse-coached exercise intervention for 10 people with tetraplegic spinal cord injuries was conducted over a period of 2 years at an accessible, community-based YMCA using an equipment especially designed for people with mobility issues and neurological deficits. In this single-subject design study, each participant completed three 3-hour exercise sessions ...
Sun F H - - 2013
Aim: Aim of the study was to assess different metabolic and muscular responses of recreational hikers during and after a hill walk of 100 km duration. Methods: Nine subjects (6 males and 3 females) completed the 100 km hill walk within 40 hrs. Physiological and muscular responses, and biomarkers were ...
Sicilia Alvaro - - 2013
Background: The purpose of this study was to validate the Addiction Exercise Inventory (EAI) in the Spanish context. Method: Five hundred and eighty-four university students participated in the study, completing a questionnaire that assessed exercise addiction, exercise frequency and intensity. Results: The results supported the factor structure of the EAI ...
Neville Ross D - - 2013
On the basis of extensive research on the relationship between physical activity, exercise and health, as well as strong support from policymakers and practitioners, the "Exercise is Medicine" initiative has become something of a linchpin in the agenda for modern healthcare reform and reflects a broader acceptance that the philosophy ...
Baulin S I - - 2013
The effects of 15 preparations with general tonic, antioxidant, and antihypoxant activities on exercise performance of laboratory rats were studied in the forced swimming test. The best recovery and improvement of exercise performance was recorded after a single intragastric dose of schizandrin and acyzol. These drugs stimulated an increase in ...
Kim Suk Bum SB Sport Science Institute, Incheon National - - 2013
[Purpose] The purpose of the present study was to examine the effects of an aqua aerobic therapy exercise for older adults on biomechanical and physiological factors affecting gait. [Subjects] A total of 15 subjects participated in this study and they were randomly divided into the experimental and the control group. ...
Heo Myoung M Department of Occupational Therapy, Gwangju - - 2013
[Purpose] In the present study, we investigated the effects of antecedent exercise on functional recovery and calpain protein expression following focal cerebral ischemia injury. [Subjects and Methods] The rat middle cerebral artery occlusion model was employed. Adult male Sprague-Dawley rats were randomly divided into 4 groups. Group I comprised untreated ...
Pantelić Saša S Faculty of Sport and Physical Education, University of - - 2013
[Purpose] The purpose of this study was to determine the effects of short-term exercise training on the cardiorespiratory fitness (CRF) of individuals suffering from myocardial infarction. [Subjects] A total of 60 participants were divided into experimental (EXP; n=30, mean age 56.7 ± 2.8 years, body mass 80.7 ± 10.7 kg, body height ...
Lord Sue - - 2013
Physical activity is important for people with Parkinson's disease (PD) to improve disease-specific impairment and ameliorate secondary consequences related to deconditioning. Activity may also have a neuroprotective role if instigated early. Ambulatory activity has not been examined in incident PD. Eighty-nine newly diagnosed PD cases [mean (SD) age 67.3 (9.9) ...
Sánchez-Medina L - - 2013
This study compared the velocity- and power-load relationships of the antagonistic upper-body exercises of prone bench pull (PBP) and bench press (BP). 75 resistance-trained athletes performed a progressive loading test in each exercise up to the one-repetition maximum (1RM) in random order. Velocity and power output across the 30-100% 1RM ...
Gaudreault Valerie - - 2013
Although regular physical activity improves health, strenuous exercise might transiently increase cardiac risk. Training and fitness might provide protection. We prospectively studied 20 recreational marathon runners without known cardiovascular disease or symptoms: at peak training before, immediately after, and 3 months after a 42.2-km marathon. Changes in global/segmental myocardial function, ...
Kafri Michal - - 2013
. Off-the-shelf activity-promoting video games (AVGs) are proposed as a tool for promoting regular physical activity among individuals poststroke. . To characterize the energy expenditure (EE), exercise intensity, and energy metabolism of individuals poststroke, while playing AVGs in different positions, from different consoles, and to compare the performance with comfortable ...
Crivelli Giacomo - - 2013
The effects of β2-agonists on human skeletal muscle contractile function are unclear, more particularly in the presence of fatigue. Moreover, it remains to be ascertained whether central motor drive during voluntary contractions could counter for eventual contractile alterations induced by β2-agonists. This study explored central and peripheral neuromuscular adjustments of ...
Allen Jason D - - 2013
Advancing age is associated with an increase in physical impairment, functional limitations, disability, and loss of independence. Regular physical activity conveys health benefits, but the yield on physical function in the elderly, is less clear. Current exercise guidelines are focused predominantly on aerobic programs despite evidence that age-associated declines are ...
Fountaine Charles J - - 2013
Rope training, consisting of vigorously undulating a rope with the upper body, has become a popular cardiovascular training choice in fitness centers and athletic performance enhancement facilities. Despite widespread use and growing popularity, little is known about the metabolic demands of rope training. Therefore, the purpose of this study was ...
Fleming Joseph J a School of Sport, Exercise and Health Sciences, Loughborough University, Loughborough, - - 2014
This study examined the effect of repeated familiarisation to hypohydration on hypohydrated exercise performance. After familiarisation with the exercise protocol, 10 recreationally active males completed a euhydrated (EU-pre) and hypohydrated (HYPO-pre) trial, which involved a 45-min steady state run at 75% peak oxygen uptake (45SS) followed by a 5-km time ...
Ubeda Tikkanen Ana - - 2013
Impaired exercise capacity is common in adults with congenital heart disease (ACHD). This impairment is progressive and is associated with increased morbidity and mortality. We studied the influence of the frequency of at least moderately strenuous physical activity (PhysAct) on changes in exercise capacity of ACHD patients over time. We ...
Demirel Reha - - 2013
The aim of this study was to compare aerobic exercise capacity, daily physical activity, pulmonary functions, resting metabolic rate, and body composition parameters in patients with psoriasis and healthy controls. A total of 60 participants (30 [15 men, 15 women] patients with psoriasis, and 30 [15 men, 15 women] healthy ...
Marsden Dianne L - - 2013
. Cardiorespiratory fitness is low after stroke. Improving fitness has the potential to improve function and reduce secondary cardiovascular events. . This review with meta-analysis aims to identify characteristics and determine the effectiveness of interventions to improve cardiorespiratory fitness after stroke. . A systematic search and review with meta-analysis was ...
Agostoni Piergiuseppe - - 2013
-In heart failure (HF) patients, during maximal CardioPulmonary-Exercise test (CPET), anaerobic threshold (AT) is not always identified. We evaluated whether this finding has a prognostic meaning. -We recruited and prospectively followed - in 14 dedicated HF units - 3058 systolic (LVEF <40%) HF patients in stable clinical conditions, NYHA class ...
Chaabène Helmi - - 2013
Purpose: The aim of this study was to measure and to compare physiological and time-motion variables during karate fighting's and to assess eventual differences between winners and defeated elite karatekas in an ecologically valid environment. Methods: Fourteen elite male karatekas who regularly participated in national and international events took part ...
Suarez-Arrones Luis - - 2013
Purpose: This study describes the physical match demands relative to positional group in male rugby sevens. Methods: Ten highly-trained players were investigated during competitive matches (n=23) using GPS technology, heart rate and video recording. Results: The mean total distance covered by the players throughout the match was 102.3±9.8 m·min-1. As ...
Jenkins Nathaniel Dm - - 2013
Anatabine (ANA), a minor tobacco alkaloid found in the Solanaceae family of plants, may exhibit anti-inflammatory activity, which may be useful to aid in recovery from exercise-induced muscle damage. The purpose of this study, therefore, was to examine the effects of ANA supplementation on the recovery of isometric strength and ...
Zarzeczny R R Institute of Physical Culture and Tourism, Jan Długosz Academy in Częstochowa, - - 2013
Sustained aerobic exercise not only affects the rate of force development but also decreases peak power development. The aim of this study was to investigate whether anaerobic power of amateur mountain bikers changes during the first half of the competition season. Eight trained cyclists (mean ± SE: age: 22.0 ±0.5 ...
Yagüe Pl P School of Sport Medicine, Department of Morphology and Cellular Biology, University of Oviedo, Oviedo, - - 2013
The aim of this study was to simulate the activity pattern of rink hockey by designing a specific skate test (ST) to study the energy expenditure and metabolic responses to this intermittent high-intensity exercise and extrapolate the results from the test to competition. Six rink hockey players performed, in three ...
Yaprak Y Y Physical Education and Sports Department, Mustafa Kemal University, Antakya, - - 2013
The objective of this study was to determine the effects of a 10-week dynamic back extension training programme and its effects on back muscle strength, back muscle endurance and spinal range of motion (ROM) for healthy young females. Seventy-three young females (age: 19.32±1.80 years, height: 158.89±4.71 cm, body weight: 55.67±6.30 ...
West Christopher R - - 2013
Abdominal binding has been shown to improve resting cardiorespiratory function in individuals with cervical SCI, but it is not yet clear whether this approach improves the exercise response. To determine the effects of abdominal binding on parameters relating to wheelchair sports performance in highly-trained athletes with cervical SCI. Repeated-measures field-based ...
Malchow Berend - - 2013
Affective and non-affective psychoses are severe and frequent psychiatric disorders. Amongst others, they not only have a profound impact on affected individuals through their symptomatology, but also regarding cognition, brain structure and function. Cognitive impairment influences patients' quality of life as well as their ability to work and being employed. ...
Tolfrey Keith - - 2013
Examine the effect of 30 and 60 min of moderate intensity treadmill walking on postprandial triacylglycerol concentrations ([TAG]) in healthy girls. Eighteen 10 to 14 year old girls (mean(SD) body mass 48(11) kg; body fat 19.0(4.6)%; peak oxygen uptake (V˙O2) 47(6) mL·kg·min) completed three, 2 day trials in a counter-balanced ...
Mellis M G - - 2013
This study assessed the longer-term (12-month) variability in post-exercise heart rate recovery following a submaximal exercise test. Longitudinal data was analysed for 97 healthy middle-aged adults (74 male, 23 female) from 2 occasions, 12 months apart. Participants were retrospectively selected if they had stable physical activity habits, submaximal treadmill fitness ...
Cebrià I Iranzo Maria Dels Angels - - 2013
In the older adults, the respiratory function may be seriously compromised when a marked decrease of respiratory muscle (RM) strength coexists with comorbidity and activity limitation. Respiratory muscle training has been widely studied and recommended as a treatment option for people who are unable to participate in whole-body exercise training ...
Maione D - - 2013
We tested whether the known cytochrome c oxidase (COX) inhibition by nitric oxide (NO) could be quantified by VO(2) kinetics during constant load supra-Anaerobic Threshold (AT) exercises in healthy trained or untrained subjects following aerobic training or nitrate administration. In cycle ergometer constant load exercises supra-AT, identified in previous incremental ...
Galdino Giovane S - - 2013
Abstract The purpose of this study was to evaluate the effect that exercise and caloric restriction has on the nociceptive threshold of rats. Male Wistar rats were divided into two groups; one group that was fed ad libitum (FED) and another group that was subjected to dietary caloric restriction (CR). ...
Palau Patricia - - 2013
Heart failure with preserved ejection fraction (HFpEF) is remarkably common in elderly people with highly prevalent comorbid conditions. Despite its increasing in prevalence, there is no evidence-based effective therapy for HFpEF. We sought to evaluate whether inspiratory muscle training (IMT) improves exercise capacity, as well as left ventricular diastolic function, ...
Sperlich Billy - - 2013
The aim of this study was to investigate thermoregulatory, cardiorespiratory, metabolic, and perceptual responses while running in a hot environment (31.7° ± 1.0°C; 42% ± 3% relative humidity) and wearing T-shirts made from different fiber types. Eight well-trained men performed 4 tests wearing either a T-shirt made of 100% polyester ...
Janecki Damian D Department of Kinesiology, Faculty of Physiotherapy, University School of Physical Education, Wroclaw 51-612, - - 2014
The purpose of this study was to assess if the protective adaptation after eccentric exercise affects changes of twitch contractile properties of the biceps brachii muscle. Maximal isometric torque (MVC), twitch contractile properties, muscle soreness, and relaxed elbow angle (RANG) assessments were measured in 12 untrained, right-handed male volunteers (age, ...
Hanley Brian - - 2013
Treadmills are often used by runners when weather conditions are adverse or a specific training effect is desired. Athletes might respond to fatigue differently when running on a treadmill compared with overground conditions, where pace is typically more variable. The purpose of this study was to measure changes in gait ...
Bowen T Scott - - 2013
It remains unclear whether an overshoot in skeletal muscle deoxygenation (HHb) (reflecting a microvascular mismatch of O2 delivery to consumption) contributes to the slowed adjustment of oxidative energy provision at exercise onset. We progressively reduced the fractional inspired O2 concentration (FIO2) to investigate the relationship between slowed pulmonary oxygen uptake ...
Ilarraza-Lomelí Hermes - - 2013
Cardiopulmonary exercise testing is a tool that helps clinicians to establish diagnosis and calculate risk stratification in adults. However, the utility of this test among children with congenital heart disease has not been fully explored. The goal of this study was to describe reference values for cardiopulmonary performance of healthy ...
Eichenberger Philipp A - - 2013
Although physical exercise is recommended for asthmatics, evidence on the effects of exercise on clinical key factors is still missing. We performed a systematic review and meta-analysis to determine the effect of exercise training (EXT) on quality of life (QoL), bronchial hyperresponsiveness (BHR), exercise-induced bronchoconstriction (EIB), lung function and exercise ...
Sheth Sangini S SS Department of Gynecology and Obstetrics, Johns Hopkins Medical Institutions, Baltimore, - - 2014
To analyze the learning curves of gynecology trainees on several virtual reality da Vinci Skills Simulator exercises. Prospective cohort pilot study. Academic hospital-based gynecology training program. Novice robotic surgeons from a gynecology training program. Novice robotic surgeons from an academic gynecology training program completed 10 repetitions of 4 exercises on ...
Smith Denise L - - 2013
Ten men (non-firefighters) completed a 110 min walking/recovery protocol (three 20-min exercise bouts, with recovery periods of 10, 20, and 20 min following successive bouts) in a thermoneutral laboratory while wearing firefighting personal protective equipment over one of four base layers: cotton, modacrylic, wool, and phase change material. There were no significant ...
Muggeridge David J - - 2013
Increasing nitric oxide bioavailability via supplementation with nitrate-rich beetroot juice (BR) has been shown to attenuate the negative impact of hypoxia on peripheral oxygen saturation and exercise tolerance. We investigated the effects of a single dose of concentrated BR on the physiological responses to submaximal exercise and time trial (TT) ...
Chen Chun-An - - 2013
Submaximal exercise parameters are associated with an increased risk of hospitalization in patients with heart failure, but the implication in patients with Fontan circulation remains unknown. We investigated the prognostic value of these parameters in a Fontan cohort, in whom maximal exercise effort is often limited. Fifty-two Fontan patients received ...
De Ridder Eline Md - - 2013
Back extension exercises are often used in the rehabilitation of low back pain. However, at present it is not clear how the posterior muscles are recruited during different types of extension exercises. Therefore the present study will evaluate the myoelectric activity of thoracic, lumbar and hip extensor muscles during different ...
Sakamoto Akihiro - - 2013
Repeated high intensity sprints incur substantial anaerobic metabolic challenges and create an acidic muscle milieu that is unfavorable for subsequent performance. Hyperventilation, resulting in respiratory alkalosis, acts as a compensatory mechanism for metabolic acidosis. This study tested the hypothesis that hyperventilation performed during recovery intervals would attenuate performance decrement in ...
< 5 6 7 8 9 10 11 12 13 14 15 >