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Results 351 - 400 of 627
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Savvaidis Ioannis N - - 2002
The effect of gamma irradiation on the natural microflora of whole salted vacuum-packaged trout at 4 and 10 degrees C was studied. In addition, the effectiveness of gamma irradiation in controlling Listeria monocytogenes inoculated into trout was investigated. Irradiation at doses of 0.5 and 2 kGy affected populations of bacteria, ...
Mackin Lesley - - 2002
During the manufacture of tablets for registration stability studies, it was observed that blends manufactured using milled active frequently failed the blend content uniformity criteria (actual relative standard deviation (RSD) of 4-15%) at the prelubrication stage, whereas unmilled active batches were consistently giving very good blend uniformity results (RSD<3.5%). The ...
Kukleva Maria P - - 2002
AIM: The aim of this study was to establish the changes in the appearance of the surface and in the form of the carious spots in the treatment of acute initial caries with fluoride gel. MATERIAL AND METHODS: Clinical observation on 182 white carious spots in 27 children from 7 ...
Ballinger S J - - 2002
A laboratory scale reactor operated as a single sludge, denitrification-nitrification bioreactor (DNB), was fed a synthetic wastewater. The effect of the C/N ratio of the influent on the structure of beta-proteobacterial autotrophic ammonia-oxidizing bacterial (AOB) communities was determined by DGGE analysis of 16S rRNA gene fragments amplified using a range ...
Ujang Z - - 2002
A laboratory-scale membrane bioreactor (MBR) was fed with synthetic wastewater to investigate the possibility of simultaneous removal of organic, nitrogen and phosphorus by intermittent aeration. The MBR consists of two compartments using a microfiltration membrane with 0.2 microm pore size and a surface area of 0.35 m2. Hydraulic retention time ...
Jiménez B - - 2002
The parasites present in the residual sludge generate by the diverse treatment processes of residual water vary, depending on the socioeconomic and epidemiological conditions of different communities. And although data exist at the global level regarding the microbiological quality of sludge, these data are practically nonexistent in developing countries. Therefore, ...
Saint-Fort R - - 2002
This study was undertaken to provide a better understanding and to further define the stabilization processes involved in a typical municipal landfill representative of the city of Calgary, Canada, area. The objectives of this study were: (1) to characterize the composition of the solid waste constituents entering the landfill site, ...
Kesserü Péter - - 2002
Ochrobactrum anthropi is a well-known Gram-negative bacterium, with the ability to degrade atrazine, urea-formaldehyde and chlorophenols. Investigation were made of the nitrate and nitrite reduction capacities of the strain in succinate and glucose media, and the tolerance of its denitrification to NaCl and some heavy metals. Succinate proved to be ...
Chen Kuo-Cheng - - 2002
The performance of an immobilized-cell reactor for simultaneous carbon nitrogen removal in synthetic wastewater with an intermittent aeration (IA) process under real-time control of oxygen supply was investigated. The oxidation-reduction potential (ORP) was monitored during operation. The ORP-time profile showed distinctive turning points. which directly correlated with the changes in ...
Shiomi M - - 2001
We examined how lesional composition is related to the stability of coronary plaques. WHHL rabbits (12 months old) were given pravastatin and fluvastatin orally for 52 weeks. Both statins decreased plasma cholesterol levels by about 25%, but the suppressive effects on the degree of coronary plaques were mild. Macrophage (Mphi) ...
Karim K - - 2001
Four identical bench-scale upflow anaerobic sludge blanket (UASB) reactors, R1, R2, R3 and R4, were used to assess nitrophenols degradation at four different hydraulic retention times (HRT). Reactor R1 was used as control, whereas R2, R3, and R4 were fed with 2-nitrophenol (2-NP), 4-nitrophenol (4-NP), and 2,4-dinitrophenol (2,4-DNP), respectively. The ...
Bustard M T - - 2001
The aerobic biodegradation of high liquid phase concentrations of 2-propanol (IPA) by a previously enriched solvent-tolerant bacterial consortium within a 1.9 l fed-batch three phase fixed bed bioreactor was investigated. Solvent concentrations of up to 7.9 g l(-1) were investigated. Previously enriched solvent-tolerant bacterial cells were immobilised onto porous glass ...
Ul-Qader S A - - 2001
A newly isolated strain of Leuconostoc mesenteroides (PCSIR-3) produced a different dextran compared with that of L. mesenteroides NRRL B-512F. Different media compositions used for dextran production showed that media containing CaCl(2) produced dextran in higher quantities compared with other media. The viscosity of the dextran produced in different media ...
Henshaw P F - - 2001
The green sulphur bacterium Chlorobium thiosulfutophilum was used to remove hydrogen sulphide from synthetic industrial wastewater and convert it to elemental sulphur in a fixed-film continuous-flow photosynthetic bioreactor. Twenty 150 mm x 3 mm ID Tygon tubes formed the active part of the reactor resulting in a total volume of ...
Duggal M S - - 2001
There is little information in the literature on the relationship among the frequency of carbohydrate consumption, the use of fluoride toothpaste, and enamel demineralization. The aim of this investigation was to compare the extent of demineralization of enamel slabs in situ, with a sugar-based solution, consumed in constant amounts but ...
Merry A F - - 2001
After different methods of hand preparation, volunteers rolled segments of sterile central venous catheter between their fingertips, and bacterial transfer was evaluated by standardized quantitative culture. The number of bacteria transferred differed between methods (P<0.001). Comparisons were made with the control group (no preparation at all; median, third quartile and ...
Bershtein L M - - 2001
The effect of gamma-irradiation on the realization of the effects of estrogens was studied on rats treated with N-acetylcysteine, vitamins C and E, melatonin, and carnosine or subjected to forced swimming in a training mode. Irradiation (0.2 Gy) in combination with estrogens and without correction therapy induced genotoxic changes in ...
Manukovsky N S - - 2001
The feasibility of a two-stage bioconversion of inedible potato biomass into biohumus by oyster mushroom followed by worms was tested. As a raw material for biohumus production the inedible potato biomass in certain properties ranked below wheat straw. The most feasible method to convert the potato wastes into biohumus was ...
Laopaiboon L - - 2001
AIMS: To study the effect of the isothiazolone biocide (Kathon WT) on the performance of laboratory-scale rotating biological contactors (RBCs) and their component biofilms. METHODS AND RESULTS: Biofilms were established on the RBCs and then exposed to 0.7-15 p.p.m. isothiazolones. Young, 1-week-old, biofilms were found to attain treatment efficiency equal ...
Wijeyaratne S M - - 2001
BACKGROUND: The expression of cyclo-oxygenase (COX) 1 and 2 has been demonstrated in atherosclerotic arteries. In the present study this was correlated with symptoms arising from a carotid plaque. METHODS: Carotid plaques from 12 asymptomatic patients were compared with 11 plaques from patients who had had neurological symptoms within the ...
Weidlich P - - 2001
BACKGROUND: The aims of this investigation were to evaluate the pattern of supragingival plaque formation in the dentogingival area within 96 hours after abstinence from mechanical plaque control and to clinically analyze the gingival inflammatory response observed. METHODS: Six male volunteers, 20 to 23 years of age, had their upper ...
Lyew D - - 2001
Measurements of electrical conductivity were obtained during treatment of acid mine drainage (AMD) by sulphate-reducing bacteria (SRB) in fed-batch column reactors. The advantages of this method are that it is non-invasive, non-destructive, and rapid, giving real-time information. Conductivity measurements were taken on an hourly basis throughout the course of several ...
Stroot P G - - 2001
The feasibility of codigestion of the organic fraction of municipal solid waste, primary sludge, and waste activated sludge was evaluated in mesophilic (37 degrees C), laboratory-scale digesters. In a first experiment, different startup strategies were compared using four digesters, operated under continuously mixed conditions. After two weeks, the experiment was ...
Watson R E RE - - 2001
The Marshland Upwelling System (MUS), a potential alternative wastewater treatment strategy for coastal dwellings, was examined to assess its ability to remove fecal coliforms (FC) from domestic wastewater as a step towards total treatment. Wastewater was intermittently injected down a 4.6-m injection well into the surrounding salt marsh. Optimal performance ...
Suriyaphan O - - 2001
Aroma components responsible for aroma typical of British Farmhouse Cheddar cheese were studied by aroma extract dilution analysis. Cheese extracts were prepared by direct solvent extraction, high-vacuum transfer, and class fractionation. Most aroma-active components of acidic and neutral/basic fractions have been previously associated with Cheddar cheese flavor. p-Cresol was mainly ...
Mendoza-Espinosa L G - - 2001
The performance of a biological aerated filter (BAF) during short-term (60 min) organic and hydraulic shock loads was investigated. The BAF used for the present experiment was not capable of absorbing high peak organic shock loads when the organic loads were increased from a normal load of 1.2-1.4 kg soluble ...
Erkmen O - - 2001
Listeria monocytogenes was enumerated during the manufacture and ripening of Turkish White cheese with particular reference to a) pasteurized milk, b) cheese milk after inoculation with L. monocytogenes (0 h), c) after curd formation (2 h), d) curd after pressing (6 h), e) curd after pH was reduced (17 h), ...
Braga G U - - 2001
We tested the effects of irradiances of 920 and 1200 mW m-2 (weighted irradiance) on the conidia and germinants of the entomopathogenic Hyphomycete Metarhizium anisopliae. The conidia were exposed to the two irradiances for 1, 2, 4, 6, 7 or 8 h. Increased exposure decreased relative percent culturability. The inactivation ...
Gerlach R W - - 2001
Changing and whitening tooth color in people with long-standing tooth stain without excessive hard tissue abrasion may represent one of the more difficult challenges for whitening dentifrices. An eight-week clinical trial was conducted to evaluate change in tooth color by a silica-based, enamel-safe tartar control whitening dentifrice compared to a ...
Yu H - - 2001
This study demonstrated that, during the two-step biodegradation of toluene in an aerobic circulating-bed biofilm reactor, biofilm and suspended bacteria played critical roles. Although the suspended bacteria were less than 1% of the total amount of biomass in the system, they transformed up to 30% of the toluene into its ...
Rozenberg G I - - 2001
The paper shows the ability of the fluorochrome tris(2,2'-bipyridine) ruthenium (II) (Rubipy) to detect heparan sulfate, heparin, and heparinase activity of M3 murine mammary adenocarcinoma cells as well as bacterial heparinases I, II, and III in native polyacrylamide gel electrophoresis (PAGE). The technique is based on the electrophoretic mobility of ...
Lu C - - 2001
The trickle-bed air biofilter (TBAB) performance for methylacetate (MA) removal from waste gases was evaluated under different gas flow rates and influent concentrations. In the pseudo-steady-state conditions, the elimination capacity increased but the removal efficiency decreased with the increase of MA loading. More than 95 and 90% removal efficiencies were ...
Cassidy D P - - 2001
Biological treatment of a silty clay loam with aged diesel fuel contamination was conducted in 8 L Soil Slurry-Sequencing Batch Reactors (SS-SBRs). The purpose was to monitor slurry conditions and evaluate reactor performance for varying solids concentration (5%, 25%, 40%, 50%), mixing speed (300 rpm, 700 rpm, 1200 rpm), retention ...
Tseng D H - - 2001
A novel fibrous-bed trickling filter was developed to remove toluene present in contaminated air. Pure culture of Pseudomonas putida F1 was attached on fibrous-bed and utilized toluene as the carbon source. Experimental results indicated the removal efficiency decreased with the increase of inlet concentration. In general, the removal efficiency of ...
Camargo S A - - 2001
Sewage was treated in anaerobic filters filled with rings of bamboo (either whole or cut), and their effectiveness in the reduction of chemical oxygen demand (COD) was monitored along the entire extension of the filter. This efficiency was determined based on the COD reduction in both the brute effluent (COD-T) ...
Chien T W - - 2000
This study used a NaClO2/NaOH solution as the additive/absorbent to determine the extent of NOx removal in a wet scrubbing system. A combined SOx/NOx removal system was also tested. The experiments were performed in a bench-scale spraying sieve tray wet scrubber in a continuous mode. The operating variables included NO ...
Cheng S F - - 2000
Batch tests were performed to compare the degradation rates of TCE on Fe0 and Zn0. Our results indicated that the degradating capability of Zn0 to TCE was nearly 10 times higher than that of Fe0. On the other hand, the degradation rates of Fe0 or Zn0 in conjunction with other ...
Montan P G - - 2000
PURPOSE: 1) To evaluate the effects on the conjunctival flora of gentamicin ophthalmic eye drops 0.3%, given four times in 45 minutes, and a conjunctival rinse with 10 ml chlorhexidine 0.05% solution. 2) To investigate retrospectively the rate of endophthalmitis after cataract operations when these antimicrobials were applied preoperatively. METHODS: ...
Combrink K D - - 2000
Structural variation of the quinolizidine heterocycle of the influenza fusion inhibitor BMY-27709 was examined by several topological dissections in order to illuminate the critical features of the ring system. This exercise resulted in the identification of a series of synthetically more accessible decahydroquinolines that retained the structural elements of BMY-27709 ...
Karpouzas D G - - 2000
Two strains of Pseudomonas putida (epI and epII), isolated previously from ethoprophos-treated soil, were able to degrade ethoprophos (10 mg 1(-1)) in a mineral salts medium plus nitrogen (MSMN) in less than 50 h with a concurrent population growth. Addition of glucose or succinate to MSMN did not influence the ...
Sowinski J A - - 2000
PURPOSE: To investigate the relative effectiveness provided by a new dentifrice containing 5.0% potassium nitrate and 0.454% stannous fluoride in a silica base (Colgate Sensitive Maximum Strength dentifrice) for reducing dentin hypersensitivity over an 8-wk period, as compared to that provided by a commercially-available antihypersensitivity dentifrice containing 5.0% potassium nitrate ...
Schiff T - - 2000
PURPOSE: To evaluate the relative effectiveness provided by a new dentifrice containing 5.0% potassium nitrate and 0.454% stannous fluoride in a silica base (Colgate Sensitive Maximum Strength) for reducing dentin hypersensitivity over an 8-wk period, as compared to that provided by a commercially-available antihypersensitivity dentifrice containing 5.0% potassium nitrate and ...
Habig J - - 2000
The present study was designed to evaluate basic differences in surface structure and viscoelastic properties of nonatopic versus atopic skin and facultative acute changes following ultraviolet irradiation. Therefore, biophysical measurements by means of profilometry and cutometry were carried out on sun-protected unaffected gluteal skin areas in both groups before and ...
Sharma N C - - 2000
PURPOSE: To compare the efficacy of a new toothbrush featuring a novel brush head design with those of two established toothbrushes by measuring plaque and gingivitis over a period of 12 weeks. MATERIALS AND METHODS: The Oral-B CrossAction toothbrush was compared with the Dr. Best InterDent and Crest DeepSweep toothbrushes ...
Lu C - - 2000
The system performance of a trickle bed biofilter for treating single and mixed benzene, toluene, ethylbenzene, and o-xylene (BTEX) vapors from waste gases was investigated under different gas flow rates and influent BTEX concentrations. When a single substrate was fed, removal efficiencies of greater than 90% could be achieved for ...
Sforza N M - - 2000
BACKGROUND/AIMS: Assessment of the influence of toothbrush wear on plaque (PI) and gingival (GI) indexes. METHOD: 20 university students were recruited. PI and GI were recorded at the starting point (T0). Each subject received a toothbrush and toothpaste. 5 measurements of toothbrush were recorded to establish the initial size. The ...
Co┼čkun H - - 2000
The aim of this study was to determine the effect of herb (Allium sp.) on biochemical changes of herby cheese produced in Turkey. Raw cows' milk was used for cheese manufacture. Five groups of cheeses, containing 0 (as control), 0.5, 1, 2, and 3% herb, were produced and coded as ...
Rodríguez-Carmona A - - 2000
We conducted a prospective bacteriologic study of 89 peritoneal catheters removed from 77 peritoneal dialysis patients. Reasons for catheter removal included severe peritonitis (n = 36, Group A), persistent exit-site infection (n = 29, Group B), and dormant, seemingly uninfected catheters (n = 22, Group C). We studied the external ...
Lynch J B - - 1999
Foreign body removal from the aerodigestive tract can be a challenging endeavor despite improvements in technology. Rigid bronchoscopy has been demonstrated to be a safe and effective means of airway foreign body removal with appropriate training and expertise. However, potential complications exist and include extraluminal impaction of a penetrating foreign ...
Grbic J T - - 1999
BACKGROUND: In previous studies, we demonstrated that increased levels of immunoglobulin A (IgA) in gingival crevicular fluid (GCF) may be "protective", while increased levels of the polymorphonuclear lysosomal enzyme, beta-glucuronidase, in GCF were associated with increased risk of disease activity. In this study, we examined the effect of scaling and ...
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