Search Results
Results 301 - 350 of 627
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Lin Jian - - 2003
Our previous studies have led to a novel "nonrelease" approach to making materials bactericidal by covalently attaching certain moderately hydrophobic polycations to their surfaces. In the present work, this strategy is extended beyond the heretofore-used nonporous materials to include common woven textiles (cotton, wool, nylon, and polyester). Pieces of such ...
Zhang Fan - - 2003
BACKGROUND: The objective of this prospective cross-sectional study was to determine if cyclo-oxygenase-2, or COX-2, is overexpressed in the inflamed gingival tissue of patients diagnosed as having moderate-to-severe chronic periodontitis, or CP. METHODS: The authors evaluated clinical measures, crevicular fluid and gingival biopsy specimens from patients with moderate or severe ...
Oxley Jimmie C - - 2003
Post-blast residues are potential interferents to chemical detection of landmines. To assess the potential problem related to 2,4,6-trinitrotoluene (TNT), its post-blast residue was identified and quantified. In the first part of this study laboratory-scale samples of TNT (2 g) were detonated in a small-scale explosivity device (SSED) to evaluate the ...
Gerlach Robert W - - 2003
A randomized, examiner-blind, parallel-group, 3-week clinical trial evaluated the efficacy and safety of 3, popular, direct-to-consumer whitening products: a paint-on gel, a whitening dentifrice, and whitening strips. Both the paint-on gel (18% carbamide peroxide) and the whitening strips (6% hydrogen peroxide) were peroxide-based systems, while the dual-phase whitening dentifrice incorporated ...
Cullinan M P - - 2003
OBJECTIVES: The present study describes the natural history of Porphyromonas gingivalis, Actinobacillus actinomycetemcomitans and Prevotella intermedia over a 5-year period and the effect of a triclosan/copolymer dentifrice on these organisms in a normal adult population. MATERIAL AND METHODS: Subgingival plaque samples were collected from 504 adult volunteers. Probing pocket depths ...
Kiørboe Thomas - - 2003
We studied the dynamics of microbial communities attached to model aggregates (4-mm-diameter agar spheres) and the component processes of colonization, detachment, growth, and grazing mortality. Agar spheres incubated in raw seawater were rapidly colonized by bacteria, followed by flagellates and ciliates. Colonization can be described as a diffusion process, and ...
Converti Attilio - - 2003
The effect of oxygen availability on the metabolism of Enterobacter aerogenes NCIMB 10102 was studied through batch fermentations of glucose performed increasing the specific oxygen uptake rate up to 72.7 mmol(O2) C-mol(DW) (-1) x h(-1). The final concentrations of fermentation products of this biosystem (2,3-butanediol, hydrogen, acetoin, formate, acetate, carbon ...
Bailey S R - - 2003
Acute laminitis has been associated with the overgrowth of gram-positive bacteria within the equine hindgut, causing the release of factor(s) leading to ischemia-reperfusion of the digits. The products of fermentation which trigger acute laminitis are, as yet, unknown; however, vasoactive amines are possible candidates. The objectives of this study were ...
Kiani Mohammad F - - 2003
Ionizing radiation exposure significantly alters the structure and function of microvascular networks, which regulate delivery of oxygen to tissue. In this study we use a hamster cremaster muscle model to study changes in microvascular network parameters and use a mathematical model to study the effects of these observed structural and ...
Thomas S - - 2003
OBJECTIVE: To compare the antimicrobial activity of four silver-containing dressings: Acticoat (Smith and Nephew), Actisorb Silver 220 (Johnson and Johnson), Avance (SSL International) and Contreet-H (Coloplast). METHOD: The dressings were tested against three micro-organisms: a Gram-positive bacterium, Staphylococcus aureus; a Gram-negative organism, Escherichia coli; and a yeast, Candida albicans, using ...
Richter Hanno - - 2003
The heterolactic bacterium Oenococcus oeni ferments fructose by a mixed heterolactic/mannitol fermentation. For heterolactic fermentation of fructose, the phosphoketolase pathway is used. The excess NAD(P)H from the phosphoketolase pathway is reoxidized by fructose (yielding mannitol). It is shown here that, under conditions of C-limitation or decreased growth rates, fructose can ...
Lyew D - - 2003
The effects of four aeration and four organic loading (OLR) rates on trichloroethylene (TCE) degradation in methanogenic-methanotrophic coupled reactors were studied using ethanol as the carbon source for the methanogens. Microcosm and PCR studies demonstrated that methanotrophs capable of mineralizing TCE and methanogens were present in the biomass throughout the ...
Maeda Isamu - - 2003
Growth of and hydrogen production by wild-type (WT) Rhodovulum sulfidophilum were compared with those by one of its mutants lacking the poly(3-hydroxybutyrate) (PHB) biosynthesis ability (PNM2). During phototrophic growth under aerobic conditions with fixed illumination, changes in the extinction coefficient and PHB content of WT and PNM2 cells revealed interference ...
AlmståhI A - - 2003
We analysed and compared the oral microbial flora in four groups with hyposalivation caused by radiation therapy (RT), primary Sjögren's syndrome (pSS), medication or unknown factors (Unknown), or neuroleptic treatment (Neuro). A control group with normal salivary secretion was also included. The subjects included were 54 +/- 8 years old ...
Perinetti Giuseppe - - 2003
BACKGROUND: During orthodontic tooth movement, the early response of periodontal tissues to mechanical stress involves an acute inflammatory response, with a sequence characterized by periods of activation, resorption, reversal, and formation in both tension and compression sites. This study used a longitudinal design to examine aspartate aminotransferase (AST) activity in ...
Won X H - - 2003
A two-stage SBR system treating the wastewater containing copper-phthalocyanin dye-Reactive Turquoise Blue KN-G (C. I. Reactive Blue 21, denoted by RTB) was investigated during a 200-cycle operation. The performance of the system, including pollutant removal rates, operating stability and sludge characteristics, may be a concern in the long-term run. The ...
El-Tawila Mahmoud M - - 2003
This study aimed to determine the effect of bread making steps on the stability of aflatoxin. Sakha 8 wheat and Gemaiza 5 wheat cultivars, were used in the present study. They were inoculated with a dense spore suspension of toxigenic fungal species of Aspergillus flavus and a non toxigenic species ...
Suraruksa B - - 2003
With an aim to shorten start-up time of an Anaerobic Hybrid Reactor (AHR), initial biofilm development was studied, particularly at different upflow feeding velocities. At a low (0.01 m x h(-1)) upflow velocity, initial biofilm was found to develop via the attachment of suspended biomass in the packed zone, while ...
Yilmaz G - - 2003
The aim of this study was to develop an appropriate operating strategy for ammonia removal of young landfill leachate in a lab-scale sequencing batch reactor, SBR. SBR was operated at five different phases by changing the aerobic cycle time and external carbon source during the denitrification process. SBR provides the ...
Weinstein M - - 2003
The ratio of peak 3 to the sum of peaks 4 + 5 in TLD-100 was measured for various pre-irradiation and post-irradiation time periods, under conditions characteristic of routine personal dosimetry. It was confirmed that the value of this ratio depends only on the elapsed time between the prior readout ...
Abis K L - - 2003
Three pilot-scale facultative ponds were constructed at Esholt wastewater treatment works in Bradford, West Yorkshire, UK. The ponds were operated in parallel to test the effect of surface BOD loading on performance and the maintenance of facultative conditions. The performance criteria adopted were BOD, SS and ammonia removal. The criterion ...
Headley T R - - 2003
The phosphorus (P) removal processes in two pairs of High and Low Loaded reed beds were investigated during five periods within a 27-month study. The uptake/release of P was measured in seven mass balance compartments. With the exception of the first year of operation, the reed beds consistently removed over ...
Dourado Doroty M - - 2003
BACKGROUND AND OBJECTIVES: Viper snake envenoming induces in the victims systemic coagulopathy, and severe local tissue damage such as edema, hemorrhage, intense pain, and myonecrosis. Serumtherapy and other first-aid managements are ineffective in neutralizing these local effects. The effects of the gallium-arsenide (Ga-As) laser irradiation on mice gastrocnemius injected intramuscularly ...
Nuutinen Juha-Pekka - - 2003
The aim of this study was to evaluate the effect of the radiopaque filler, barium sulfate (BaSO4), on the mechanical properties of self-reinforced bioresorbable fibres. The bioresorbable polymer was a copolymer of L- and D-lactide with an L/D monomer ratio of 96:4 (96L/4D PLA). The fibres were manufactured using an ...
Barlow Ashley - - 2003
OBJECTIVE: A randomized, examiner-blind parallel design study was conducted to evaluate the clinical efficacy and tolerability of two brush-applied, peroxide-based tooth whiteners. METHODOLOGY: A total of 38 subjects were randomized to Colgate Simply White, an 18% carbamide peroxide paint-on liquid in an applicator bottle, or Crest Night Effects, a 19% ...
Evans R A - - 2003
As part of a study examining the efficacy of high-rate algal pond treatment of high-strength abattoir wastewater, the oxygen dynamics of a pilot scale system were characterised. The relationship between photosynthesis and irradiance was investigated using online data collected throughout a year of operation under varying conditions of climate and ...
Farahbakhshazad N - - 2003
Mechanisms for P removal in a vertical upflow macrophyte system were studied in controlled laboratory columns filled with sand and planted with Phragmites australis. Substrate P removal was shown to increase with flow rate, a parameter which can be enhanced through effluent recirculation. An alternative substrate (leca, light expanded clay ...
Nussbaum Ethne L - - 2002
OBJECTIVE: To examine the effects of low-intensity laser therapy (LILT) on bacterial growth in vitro. BACKGROUND DATA: LILT is undergoing investigation as a treatment for accelerating healing of open wounds. The potential of coincident effects on wound bacteria has received little attention. Increased bacterial proliferation could further delay recovery; conversely ...
Cronin Matthew J - - 2002
PURPOSE: To compare the safety and efficacy of two recently introduced modern power toothbrushes with different characteristics. MATERIALS AND METHODS: This was a single-blind, randomized, crossover study which compared the ability of two power toothbrushes to remove plaque during a 2-minute brushing period. The two brushes were the Braun Oral-B ...
Morana Alessandra - - 2002
S-adenosyl-L-methionine (SAM), an important metabolic intermediate of mammals, is a well-known therapeutic agent. The molecule is chemically unstable, both in solution and in dry state, and forms different degradation products. Because the chemical instability represents a real problem during the preparation of therapeutic formulations, we investigated the capacity of some ...
Angenent Largus T - - 2002
Changes in methanogenic population levels were followed during startup of a full-scale, farm-based anaerobic sequencing batch reactor (ASBR) and these changes were linked to operational and performance data. The ASBR was inoculated with anaerobic digester sludge from a municipal wastewater treatment facility. During an acclimation period of approximately 3 months, ...
Fitch Mark W - - 2002
A polysulfone microporous membrane module was investigated for control of 1-butanol-contaminated gas streams. A diurnal loading condition, using two different butanol concentrations, was used to simulate start-up and stop conditions associated with shift work. The membrane module was also used to remove 1-butanol from air under continuous loading conditions in ...
Muhonen Arja - - 2002
[18F-]fluoride positron-emission tomography (PET) was used to assess bone formation during mandibular distraction osteogenesis. There were three study groups: irradiation, irradiation+hyperbaric oxygen and control. The two experimental groups received a tumoricidal dose of irradiation to the mandible, and one group was also given hyperbaric oxygen (2.5 ATA (atmospheres absolute) for ...
Veeresh Mangala - - 2002
Influent and final effluent was collected from the CMM Ltd., Bethora, Ponda, Goa and were analysed for pH, DO, BOD, enzyme activity and chlorophyll content of the waste stabilization pond for over a period of two years of which the data for one year (pre monsoon, monsoon and post monsoon ...
Kakimoto K - - 2002
Hepatocyte growth factor (HGF), also known as scatter factor, is a broad-spectrum and multifunctional cytokine required for the development, growth and regeneration of various organs and tissues. The expression of HGF in human gingival fibroblasts is induced by inflammatory cytokines such as interleukin 1. Thus, although it is possible that ...
Sheridan B A - - 2002
Two pilot scale biofiltration systems were constructed and installed at the University College Dublin Research Farm, Lyons Estate. Experimental units consisting of two pens in a 12 pen pig house were sealed off from other pens. Air from each pen was extracted and treated separately in two biofiltration systems. Wood ...
Shapira D - - 2002
We have repeated the experiment of Taleyarkhan et al. [Science 295, 1868 (2002)]] in an attempt to detect the emission of neutrons from d-d fusion during bubble collapse in deuterated acetone. Using the same cavitation apparatus, a more sophisticated data acquisition system, and a larger scintillator detector, we find no ...
Chen Yen-Meng - - 2002
The antimicrobial properties of chitosan, a derivative of chitin, were investigated in the solid and liquid culture against bacteria associated with waterborne disease in order to assess the potential for using chitosan as a natural disinfectant. Six strains which included three gram-negative and three gram-positive bacteria were studied. The effects ...
Vichyanond Pakit - - 2002
INTRODUCTION: Conflicting results exist with regard to the efficacy of vacuum cleaners on the removal of mite allergens from bedding. OBJECTIVES: The authors prospectively compared a short term efficacy of two types of regular vacuum cleaners (National-N and Hoover-H) with a specialized cleaner (Vorwerk-V) in the removal of mite allergens ...
Jin L J - - 2002
OBJECTIVES: To determine the effect of scaling and root planing (SRP) on the interrelations of subgingival periodontopathogens and both interleukin-8 (IL-8) and granulocyte elastase activity in gingival crevicular fluid (GCF), and to assess their relations to the short-term treatment response in management of chronic periodontitis. MATERIAL AND METHODS: GCF and ...
Szymanski Andrzej - - 2002
Biodegradation of two alpha-methyl branched oxo-alcohol ethoxylates (OAE) of different polydispersity: LIAL 125/14 BRD (LIALB) (broad M.W. distribution) and LIAL 125/14 NRD (LIALN) (narrow M.W. distribution), both having an average of 14 oxyethylene subunits (EO) and a C(12-15) alkyl moiety were tested under the continuous flow activated sludge conditions of ...
Robinson J - - 2002
Douglas-fir ( Pseudotsuga menziesii) whitewood was supplemented with increasing concentrations of bark (0-30%) and was pretreated using SO(2)-catalysed steam explosion. The presence of bark in the feedstock resulted in the decreased recovery of total sugars, furfural and 5-hydroxymethylfurfural in the resultant pre-hydrolysate. No detrimental impact on monomer sugar recovery was ...
Taylor C C - - 2002
The production of antifungal compounds during fermentation could be a useful mechanism to improve the aerobic stability of fermented feeds when they are exposed to air. High moisture corn (26% moisture) was ground and inoculated with various amounts of Lactobacillus buchneri 40788, a heterolactic acid bacteria, and ensiled in laboratory ...
Amundsen I - - 2002
Measurements of samples taken from the close vicinity of the Kursk during two expeditions to the site in August and October 2000, indicate that no leakage of radionuclides from the reactors has been observed. Only background levels in the range 0.0-0.1 microSv/h have been measured by use of the remote ...
Pogue Brian W - - 2002
In this study, the vascular and tissue oxygen changes induced by photodynamic therapy in the RIF-1 tumor were examined, using electron paramagnetic resonance (EPR) oximetry. Two photosensitizers, including verteporfin (BPD-MA in a lipid-based formulation) and aminolevulinic acid-induced protoporphyrin IX (ALA-PPIX), were investigated with optical irradiation, sufficient to induce sub-curative damage ...
Lo C-K - - 2002
A testosterone (TS)-producing mutant, ST2, was derived from a phytosterol-assimilating and androst-4-ene-3,17-dione (AD)-producing bacterium, Mycobacterium sp. B-3805S, using nitrosoguanidine (NTG) mutagenesis. Production of TS from phytosterol using a single-step microbial transformation process by ST2 was investigated in a 5-l surface-aeration microprocessor-controlled fermentor loaded with a synthetic medium supplemented with 0.1% ...
Bischof Kai - - 2002
The effect of solar UV radiation on the physiology of the intertidal green macroalga Ulva lactuca L. was investigated. A natural Ulva community at the shore of Helgoland was covered with screening foils, excluding UV-B or UV-B + UV-A from the solar spectrum. In the sampled material, changes in the ...
Matsushita Taku - - 2002
In order to investigate changes in the mutagenicity of fenitrothion during its biodegradation in solution, measurements were conducted at intervals in batch cultures incubated under anaerobic or aerobic conditions. Fenitrothion-degrading bacteria were obtained from a green onion field on the west side of Gifu University, Japan. Fenitrothion was almost completely ...
Lie M A - - 2002
Persons who smoke display a less pronounced increase of gingival bleeding in the experimental gingivitis model as compared with non-smokers. The aim of the present study was to investigate whether this could partly be explained by differences in levels of parotid total secretory IgA (S-IgA) or parotid S-IgA reactive with ...
Ganguly S - - 2002
The population growth of some biogeochemical cycling bacteria (heterotrophic bacteria (HB), ammonifying bacteria (AB), ammonia oxidizing bacteria (AOB), denitrifying bacteria (DNB) and cellulose decomposing bacteria (CDB)), as well as ammonification, and denitrification rates were determined in simulated pond systems treated with full doses (FDs) and split doses (SDs) of cadmium. ...
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