Search Results
Results 201 - 250 of 644
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van Weringh M - - 2006
OBJECTIVES: The aim of the present study was to assess the probing force exerted when using two manual periodontal probes with different handle diameters in hands of different dental professionals. METHODS: For this study two periodontal probes with handle diameters of 54 and 92 mm were used. The 11 subjects ...
Angelidaki Irini - - 2006
Two feeding strategies for start-up of continuously stirred tank reactors (CSTR) treating source-sorted organic fraction of household municipal solid waste (SS-OFMSW) at 55 degrees C were evaluated. Two reactors were started up separately with a limited amount of initial inoculum (i.e. 10% of the final volume of 3.5l) and operated ...
Chan Chin-Han - - 2007
Performance of the sequencing batch reactor (SBR) treating synthetic phenolic wastewater at influent phenol concentrations from 100 to 1000 mg/L was evaluated. Two identical SBRs were built and operated with FILL, REACT, SETTLE and DRAW periods in the ratio of 4:6:1:1 for a cycle time of 12h. One of the ...
Demura Shinichi - - 2006
OBJECTIVE: This study aimed at comparing the effect of linear polarized near-infrared light irradiation (PL irradiation) and bicycle exercise with 50%HRreserve on the flexibility of the shoulder joint. DESIGN: Placebo-controlled trial. SETTING: Twenty-four healthy young adults (10 males: mean+/-SD, age 20.9+/-3.1 y, height 171.0+/-3.9 cm, body mass 63.4+/-3.5 kg and ...
Hitosugi Masahito - - 2006
We present a practical case in which the fungi have contributed to the estimation of postmortem interval of the cadaver. A 71-year-old man wearing a shirt and pants was found dead at the bottom of an open well about 6m below the ground in his garden. Externally the face was ...
Nakkharat Phimchanok - - 2006
Discontinuous and continuous processes of lactose hydrolysis and concomitant galacto-oligosaccharide (GalOS) formation were studied. To this end a wide experimental range of the main variables was evaluated, including the initial lactose concentration, the degree of lactose conversion, the pH value and the temperature for discontinuous transformations, while the initial lactose ...
Erdemir Ebru Olgun - - 2006
BACKGROUND: The purpose of this study was to evaluate the effect of smoking on the salivary minerals in subjects with chronic periodontitis by the inductively coupled plasma-atomic emission spectrophotometry (ICP-AES) technique. METHODS: The study group included 24 subjects-12 smokers and 12 non-smokers-with chronic periodontitis. Clinical measurements and non-stimulated whole saliva ...
Gadekar S - - 2006
Aqueous phase biooxidation of sulphide by the novel sulphide-oxidizing bacterium Thiomicrospira sp. CVO was studied in batch and continuous systems. CVO was able to oxidize sulphide at concentrations as high as 19 mM. Sulphide biooxidation occurred in two distinct phases, one resulting in the formation of sulphur and possibly other ...
Comte J - - 2006
We investigated the dynamics and diversity of heterotrophic bacteria, autotrophic and heterotrophic flagellates, and ciliates from March to July 2002 in the surface waters (0-50 m) of Lake Bourget. The heterotrophic bacteria consisted mainly of "small" cocci, but filaments (>2 microm), commonly considered to be grazing-resistant forms under increased nanoflagellate ...
Kannan N - - 2006
Physico-chemical characteristics of distillery effluent samples have been determined. The water quality parameters (WQPs) measured are colour, pH, electrical conductivity, turbidity, total dissolved solids (TDS), chloride, total hardness (THA), calcium, iron, bio-chemical oxygen demand (BOD) and chemical oxygen demand (COD). Almost all the values of WQPs of the distillery effluents ...
Wang Jun - - 2006
The nanometer rutile titanium dioxide (TiO2) powder was adopted to act as the sonocatalyst after treatment of high-temperature activation and the ultrasound of low power was used as an irradiation source to induce heat-treated TiO2 powder performing sonocatalytic degradation of parathion. Although there are many factors influencing sonocatalytic degradation of ...
Ahn Young Ho - - 2006
The performance of a novel fermentation process, adopting a sludge blanket type configuration, for higher hydrolysis/acidogenesis of the municipal primary sludge was investigated under batch and semi-continuous conditions with varying pH and temperature. This acid elutriation slurry reactor provided higher system performance with a short HRT (5d) and higher acidogenic ...
Hew Carrie M - - 2006
This study addressed health risks from ethnic sausages produced on a small scale, without inspection, in California and elsewhere. Mexican-style chorizo, a raw pork sausage that is not cured, fermented, or smoked, was contaminated experimentally in the batter with Escherichia coli O157:H7, Listeria monocytogenes, or Salmonella serotypes and stuffed into ...
Olson Sandra R SR University of Iowa College of Public Health, Iowa City, Iowa, USA. - - 2006
We conducted a study in the summer of 2004 at county fairs in the Midwest to investigate the role poultry exhibits have in spreading avian pathogens to humans. A nearly invisible powder (pathogen surrogate) that fluoresces under UV light was surreptitiously sprinkled each day on 1 show bird at each ...
Farrell Svetlana - - 2006
Bacterial proliferation and plaque accumulation on the surface of the tongue are major factors contributing to oral malodor. In this research, we used subjective and objective methods to evaluate the breath benefit of a triclosan-containing dentifrice (Blend-a-Med Complete Night) with and without tongue brushing in a randomized, examiner-blinded, three-period crossover ...
Gogate Parag R - - 2006
Degradation of formic acid has been studied in a high frequency cup horn type reactor with an aim of understanding the effect of operating parameters on the destruction efficiency. The methodology used in the work serves as a useful guideline for the optimization exercise for the sonochemical reactors to establish ...
Kikuchi Masafumi - - 2006
As part of our systematic studies characterizing the properties of titanium alloys, we investigated the grindability of a series of cast Ti-Hf alloys. Alloy buttons with hafnium concentrations up to 40 mass% were made using an argon-arc melting furnace. Each button was cast into a magnesia-based mold using a dental ...
Radin Dragoslava - - 2006
Approximately 100 CFU/cm2 of a five-strain mixture of Listeria monocytogenes was coinoculated onto frankfurters with three different concentrations (10(2), 10(4), and 106 CFU/cm2) of an undefined spoilage microflora derived from commercial frankfurters. The frankfurters were vacuum packaged and stored at 10 degrees C for up to 48 days. The populations ...
Bideaux Carine - - 2006
On the basis of knowledge of the biological role of glycerol in the redox balance of Saccharomyces cerevisiae, a fermentation strategy was defined to reduce the surplus formation of NADH, responsible for glycerol synthesis. A metabolic model was used to predict the operating conditions that would reduce glycerol production during ...
Popa Karin - - 2006
The living Lemna minor vascular plant and two different sorbents obtained by chemical treatment of this plant were tested to study the removal process of 60Co2+, 65Zn2+ and (55+59)Fe3+ from low radioactive wastewaters. The most effective sorbent was the protonated biomass, indicating the decisive contribution of the complexation process in ...
Reichl Franz-Xaver - - 2006
Unpolymerized resin (co)monomers or mercury (Hg) can be released from restorative dental materials (e.g. composites and amalgam). They can diffuse into the tooth pulp or the gingiva. They can also reach the gingiva and organs by the circulating blood after the uptake from swallowed saliva. The cytotoxicity of dental composite ...
Sakurai Yoshinori - - 2006
Boron neutron capture therapy (BNCT) without craniotomy for malignant brain tumours was started using an epi-thermal neutron beam at the Kyoto University Reactor in June 2002. We have tried some techniques to overcome the treatable-depth limit in BNCT. One of the effective techniques is void formation utilizing a tumour-removed cavity. ...
Oruc H H - - 2006
The distribution of aflatoxin M(1) (AFM(1)) has been studied between curd, whey, cheese and pickle samples of Turkish white pickled cheese produced according to traditional techniques and its stability studied during the ripening period. Cheeses were produced in three cheese-making trials using raw milk that was artificially contaminated with AFM(1) ...
Wieland Andrea - - 2006
Short-term effects of irradiance (0-1560 micromol photons m(-2) s(-1)), temperature (10-25 degrees C), and salinity (40-160) on oxygenic photosynthesis and oxygen consumption in a hypersaline mat (Salin-de-Giraud, France) were investigated with microsensors under controlled laboratory conditions. Dark O(2) consumption rates were mainly regulated by the mass transfer limitations imposed by ...
Coleman Ross A - - 2006
It is critical for our knowledge of biodiversity and ecosystem processes to understand how individual species contribute to ecosystem processes and how these contributions vary in space and time. We used a manipulative field experiment in five locations over 17 degrees of latitude [from southern Portugal to the Isle of ...
Yen Hong-Wei - - 2007
The unbalanced nutrients of algal sludge (low C/N ratio) were regarded as an important limitation factor to anaerobic digestion process. Adding high carbon content of waste paper in algal sludge feedstock to have a balanced C/N ratio was undertaken in this study. The results showed adding 50% (based on volatile ...
Wolff Diana - - 2006
PURPOSE: The aim of this study was to evaluate the cleaning efficacy of interdental brushes with different stiffnesses, e.g. soft and hard interdental brushes with identical brush diameter. MATERIALS AND METHODS: Cylindrical soft and hard interdental brushes with diameters of 2,3 and 5 mm each were tested. Sixteen extracted human ...
Dulekgurgen Ebru - - 2006
The study proposes direct particle size measurement by sequential filtration and ultrafiltration as a convenient method for wastewater characterization for appropriate treatment technology. It also explores the correlation between particle size distribution (PSD) and chemical oxygen demand (COD) fractionation, as an index for biological treatability. Profiles obtained through PSD-based COD ...
Shariatpanahi Ramineh E - - 2006
In the field of tissue engineering, promoting cell attachment and proliferation in polymer matrices is an attractive challenge for treating patients suffering from the loss or dysfunction of tissues or organs. In this study we have investigated the effect of grafting N-vinyl-2-pyrrolidone (NVP) by gamma irradiation onto polyvinyl alcohol (PVA), ...
Borole Abhijeet P - - 2006
Manure waste from dairy farms has been used for methane production for decades, however, problems such as digester failure are routine. The problem has been investigated in small scale (1-2 L) digesters in the laboratory; however, very little scale-up to intermediate scales are available. We report production of methane in ...
Maliska Alessandra N - - 2006
PURPOSE: To test a system of measuring early plaque formation (EPF) and its subgingival extension as related to the presence or absence of a plaque free zone (PFZ). MATERIALS AND METHODS: EPF was measured by three independent examiners following two consecutive 72-hour periods of undisturbed plaque build-up. One of the ...
Goldhammer Kirsten A - - 2006
OBJECTIVE: Transmission of bacterial and viral pathogens is known to occur by hand contact with fomites. Exercise equipment in public facilities may serve as such fomites. It is not known whether equipment disinfection might reduce microorganism colonization. We performed studies to address these issues. DESIGN: Observational study of bacterial and ...
Dabrowska E - - 2006
Chlorhexidine is an active agent commonly used against dental plaque in the mouth apart from fluorides applied to prevent caries. It is contained in toothpastes and mouthrinses. The aim of the study was to assess the effect of mouthrinses containing chlorhexidine digluconate on the activity of cathepsin C in human ...
O'Sullivan Cathryn A - - 2005
It is widely accepted that cellulose is the rate-limiting substrate in the anaerobic digestion of organic solid wastes and that cellulose solubilisation is largely mediated by surface attached bacteria. However, little is known about the identity or the ecophysiology of cellulolytic microorganisms from landfills and anaerobic digesters. The aim of ...
McCracken G I - - 2005
OBJECTIVES: To evaluate the crossover clinical trial design to assess plaque removal efficacy of the Sonicare Elite. MATERIAL AND METHODS: A single-cohort, 12-week, two-treatment, single-blind, crossover clinical trial recruited 45 subjects. Plaque was recorded using the modified Quigley and Hein index plaque index (PI). After screening, subjects used the toothbrush ...
Reeve Vivienne E - - 2005
Topical application of the isoflavone equol immediately following solar-simulated UV (SSUV) radiation exposure has previously been demonstrated to have significant photoprotective effects. Equol reduced both the inflammatory edema and the systemic suppression of the contact hypersensitivity reaction in hairless mice. Furthermore, daily topical equol application immediately following irradiation during a ...
Sirtori Carla - - 2006
In this study the photocatalytic degradation of aqueous solutions of camphor was investigated by using TiO2 and ZnO photocatalysts. In the presence of artificial UV-light the highly photosensitive camphor was almost totally degraded after reaction times of 60 min. However, under these conditions the mineralization degree was lower than 25%. ...
Jang Jong Hee - - 2006
Styrene gas removal was carried out in a biofilter inoculated with a styrene-degrading Pseudomonas sp. SR-5 using a mixed packing material of peat and ceramic under the non-sterile condition. More than 86% removal efficiency was obtained at styrene load of 5-93 g m(-3) h(-1) for 62 days operation period and ...
Sekino Satoshi - - 2005
The clinical effect of Listerine, a mouth rinse containing a mixture of phenolic compounds, is ascribed to its bactericidal properties. However, phenolic compounds are also known to interfere with the inflammatory process. The purpose of this clinical trial was to evaluate the effect of regular mouth rinsing with Listerine on ...
Asiltürk Meltem - - 2006
Pure anatase-TiO2 nanoparticles with 8 nm average crystallite size was synthesized hydrothermally at 200 degrees C in 2 h. The structural and physico-chemical properties of nano-TiO2 were determined by powder XRD, FT-IR, BET and SEM analyses. The behavior of anatase nano-TiO2 in catalytic degradation of Rhodamine B (RB) dye in ...
Shu Hung-Yee - - 2006
The treatment of leachate from landfills is a major disposal problem for municipal solid waste. The leachate is generally recalcitrant to be treated according to complicated characteristics and high color intensity resulting further threat for environment and human health. In this work, the designed thin gap annular photoreactor with 4-UV ...
Lusby Patricia E - - 2005
BACKGROUND: Renewed interest in honey for various therapeutic purposes including treatment of infected wounds has led to the search for new antibacterial honeys. In this study we have assessed the antibacterial activity of three locally produced honeys and compared them to three commercial therapeutic honeys (including Medihoney and manuka honey). ...
Cameselle C - - 2005
The investigation presented here focussed on the electrochemical decolourisation of a commercial, textile indigo dye, in an undivided electrochemical cell using graphite electrodes. The decolourisation values obtained employing halide salts--sodium chloride, potassium bromide and potassium iodide--and a reductive agent--sodium meta-bisulphite--as electrolytes are higher than those attained when no electrolyte was ...
Guo Zhaobing - - 2005
The influences of ultrasonic output intensity, solution pH, H2O2 concentration and the addition of Fenton reagent on the degradation of 2,4-dinitrophenol (DNP) under ultrasonic irradiation were investigated. It was observed that the degradation of DNP fitted pseudo-first-order dynamics under our experimental conditions. Increasing the ultrasonic output intensity increased the degradation ...
Mentula Silja - - 2005
The microbiota of the small intestine is poorly known because of difficulties in sampling. In this study, we examined whether the organisms cultured from the jejunum and feces resemble each other. Small-intestinal fluid samples were collected from 22 beagle dogs with a permanent jejunal fistula in parallel with fecal samples. ...
Zhuang Wei-Qin - - 2005
This study demonstrates the utility of the sequencing batch reactor (SBR) to adapt microorganisms towards biological removal of tert-butyl alcohol (TBA). The reactor was inoculated with activated sludge and fed with TBA as the sole carbon source. Start-of-cycle TBA concentrations were initially set at 100 mgL(-1) with a cycle time ...
Dawes C - - 2006
OBJECTIVE: To determine whether some of the urea added to certain chewing gums may be absorbed through the oral mucosa and whether some saliva is inadvertently swallowed during the collection of saliva elicited by the chewing of gum. DESIGN: On two occasions, 10 experienced saliva collectors made a 5 min ...
Krishna Kumar R - - 2005
Removal of 4,4'-dimethoxytrityl (DMT) groups from primary and secondary hydroxyl functionality was investigated. It was observed that deblocking of DMT group from secondary hydroxyl group of molecules attached to solid support under acidic conditions occurred relatively slowly compared to primary hydroxyl group. Marginal difference in rate of detritylation was observed ...
You S J - - 2005
In this study, the performance and microbial community in a submerged membrane bioreactor were investigated for different hydraulic retention times. The removal efficiencies of chemical oxygen demand, total phosphorus, suspended solid and heterotrophic bacteria did not differ significantly with different hydraulic retention times but the total nitrogen removal efficiency increased ...
Lakosi L - - 2005
A non-destructive method for assaying transuranic neutron sources was developed, using a combination of gamma-spectrometry and neutron correlation technique. Source strength or actinide content of a number of PuBe, AmBe, AmLi, (244)Cm, and (252)Cf sources was assessed, both as a safety issue and with respect to combating illicit trafficking. A ...
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