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Bezerra Roberto A - - 2007
The main objective of this work was to investigate the effect of volumetric loading rate (VLR), shock load, and alkalinity supplementation on the efficiency and stability of an Anaerobic Sequencing Batch Biofilm Reactor (AnSBBR) containing polyurethane foam cubes. Mixing in the reactor, which was kept at 30 +/- 1 degrees ...
Salles Antônio Eduardo S - - 2007
OBJECTIVES: The objective of this study was to compare and correlate biofilm levels in complete upper and lower prosthesis after brushing, associated with specific paste and soap, by means of computerised methodology. MATERIALS AND METHODS: Forty-five complete denture wearers were selected and instructed to brush their prostheses (Soft Oral B ...
Muck R E - - 2007
Alfalfa silages from 2 similar trials were analyzed for in vitro ruminal gas production. In both trials, there were 15 treatments: alfalfa treated at ensiling with 1 of 14 lactic acid bacterial inoculants or untreated alfalfa. First-cut (477 g of dry matter/kg) and second-cut (393 g of dry matter/kg) alfalfa ...
Katragkou Aspasia - - 2008
The activities of voriconazole, posaconazole, caspofungin, and anidulafungin against Candida albicans and Candida parapsilosis biofilms were evaluated. In contrast to planktonic cells, the MICs for voriconazole and posaconazole for the biofilms of the two species were high (>or=256 and >64 mg/liter, respectively) but relatively low for the echinocandins caspofungin and ...
Röthlisberger Beat - - 2007
AIM: To compare the periodontal conditions of Swiss Army recruits in 2006 with those of previous surveys in 1996 and 1985. MATERIAL AND METHODS: A total of six hundred and twenty-six Swiss Army recruits were examined for their periodontal conditions, caries prevalence, stomatological and functional aspects of the masticatory system ...
Demir Goksel - - 2007
In this study, the removal of color, chemical oxygen demand (COD) and aromatic group from one of the azo dyes, Remazol Yellow RR Gran, had been carried out by using one of the white rot fungi, Phanerochaete chrysosporium. Experimental studies were performed in growth media containing different amounts of dye ...
Hayashi Y - - 2007
OBJECTIVES: This study was designed to confirm the mechanical efficacy of chewing chitosan-containing gum to suppress the growth of oral bacteria compared to a mouth rinse, and to demonstrate the increased salivary secretion due to chewing chitosan-containing gum. METHOD: Twelve healthy subjects were recruited from among the staff and students ...
Liu Yong-Qiang - - 2008
The formation and long-term stability of nitrifying granules in a sequencing batch reactor was investigated in this study. The results showed that nitrifying granules with a size of 240 microm and SVI of 40 ml g(-1) were formed on day 21 at a settling time of 10 min. Maintaining settling ...
Tan Teck Wee - - 2008
The conflicting influence of mixed liquor recycle ratio and dissolved oxygen on nitrogen removal and membrane fouling of a pre-denitrification submerged MBR was investigated in this study. It was found that a high aeration rate of 10 L air/min was able to minimize membrane fouling as compared with lower aeration ...
Sadaghiani Leili - - 2007
OBJECTIVES: Physical properties of some restorative dental materials can change as a result of exposure to mouthwashes and toothbrushing. The purpose of this laboratory study was to investigate the possible effects of three commercially available mouthwashes on the surface hardness and weight of a resin modified glass-ionomer and two compomers ...
Hall A - - 2007
In order to understand the development of the microbial population within a hot-drinks vending machine a new machine was placed in a staff area of a university campus vending only hot chocolate. The machine was cleaned weekly using a detergent based protocol. Samples from the mixing bowl, dispense area, and ...
Haraszthy Violet I - - 2007
BACKGROUND: The authors examined the tongue bacteria associated with oral halitosis (bad breath originating from the oral cavity), focusing on noncultivable bacteria-bacteria that cannot be identified by bacterial culture techniques. METHODS: The authors took samples from the dorsal tongue surface of eight adult subjects with halitosis and five control subjects ...
Hirschorn Sarah K - - 2007
Stable carbon isotope analysis of chlorinated aliphatic compounds was performed at an in situ biostimulation pilot test area (PTA) at a site where 1,2-dichloroethane (1,2-DCA) and trichloroethene (TCE) were present in groundwater. Chlorinated products of TCE reductive dechlorination (cis-dichloroethene (cDCE) and vinyl chloride (VC)) were present at concentrations of 17.5 ...
Dembowska Elzbieta - - 2007
OBJECTIVES: There is a paucity of data on the coverage of multiple recessions. The aim of this study was to compare clinical results of connective tissue graft (CTG) combined with tunnel surgical techniques in the treatment of multiple adjacent gingival recessions. STUDY DESIGN: The treatment outcome of 28 recessions of ...
de Paula Valdemir Cordeiro - - 2008
Levan, a polysaccharide from Zymomonas mobilis, was hydrolyzed to obtain oligofructans or fructooligosaccharides with a degree of polymerization varying from 4 to 14. Fructooligosaccharides (FOS) are short chain fructans that beneficially affects the host by selective stimulation of growth and activity of one or a number of bacteria including probiotic ...
Corder K - - 2007
This study was designed to compare the efficacy of four hand preparation techniques in removing bacteria from the hands preoperatively. The effect of bacteriological swabbing itself on bacterial counts was also investigated. The numbers of bacteria obtained from the dominant and non-dominant hands were also determined. The techniques all used ...
Barbut Frederic - - 2007
We assessed the efficacy of 2 alcohol-based gels and 1 alcohol-based rinse for surgical hand disinfection, using European standard EN 12791. Volunteers performed surgical hand disinfection with a reference product and each of the 3 study products, with 1-week intervals between disinfection episodes. The immediate and sustained antimicrobial activities of ...
van Waasbergen Lorraine G - - 2007
Highly fluorinated tris(pyrazolyl)borates were tested for their antimicrobial activity against various bacterial species. Both the silver(I) tris(pyrazolyl)borate [HB(3,5-(CF(3))(2)Pz)(3)]Ag(THF) (THF=tetrahydrofuran) and the sodium analog [HB(3,5-(CF(3))(2)Pz)(3)]Na(THF) appeared highly effective at inhibiting the growth of two different species of Gram-positive bacteria (i.e. being 12 and 21 fold more effective, respectively, (on a molar ...
Possemiers Sam - - 2007
Many studies have investigated the importance of the intestinal bacterial activation of individual phytoestrogens. However, human nutrition contains different phytoestrogens and the final exposure depends on the microbial potential to activate all different groups within each individual. In this work, interindividual variations in the bacterial activation of the different phytoestrogens ...
Rodríguez Alejandro - - 2008
Oil palm empty fruit bunches were used as an alternative raw material to obtain cellulosic pulp. Pulping was done by using high-boiling point organic solvents of decreased polluting power relative to classical (Kraft, sulphite) solvents but affording operation at similar pressure levels. The holocellulose, alpha-cellulose and lignin contents of oil ...
Auriol Muriel - - 2007
Steroid estrogens, including both natural estrogens (e.g., estrone - E1; 17beta-estradiol - E2; and estriol - E3) and synthetic estrogens (e.g., 17alpha-ethinylestradiol - EE2), are known as endocrine-disrupting compounds. The objective of this research was to evaluate the feasibility of the enzymatic oxidation of estrogens and to optimize this process ...
Stoeken J E - - 2007
BACKGROUND: Chlorhexidine (CHX) is widely accepted as the most effective product in the control of supragingival plaque. It is available in different delivery devices. The aim of this study was to test whether 0.12% CHX spray was as effective as 0.2% CHX spray and 0.2% CHX mouthwash in a 3-day ...
Lebaron-Jacobs L - - 2007
Use of hair as a biological dosimeter of neutron exposure was proposed a few years ago. To date, the (32)S(n,p)(32)P reaction in hair with a threshold of 2.5 MeV is the best choice to determine the fast neutron dose using body activation. This information is essential with regards to the ...
Kobayashi Daisuke - - 2008
Ultrasonic generators are used as emulsifiers and efficient alternative initiators in polymerization processes. In this study, the effects of reactor's position on the emulsion polymerization of styrene under indirect ultrasonic irradiation were investigated, along with the effects of reactor's position on chemical and physical degradation. Both polymer yield and molecular ...
Cook Kimberly L - - 2007
Skatole is one of the most malodorous compounds produced from the anaerobic degradation of animal waste. Little is known about the biochemistry of skatole production, the phylogeny of skatole-producing microorganisms or the conditions that favor their growth. These deficiencies hamper attempts to reduce skatole production. Our goals were to enrich ...
De Brito-Pelegrini N N - - 2007
Textile effluents are a result of the use of reactive dyes which present a strong environmental impact. These are substances of concern when conventional treatment processes are to be considered. This work refers to the study of post-treatment (purification) of the textile effluent originating from the use of reactive dyes ...
Venkata Mohan S - - 2008
The performance of aerated and ferricyanide catholytes on the bioelectricity production was evaluated in dual chambered microbial fuel cell (MFC) (mediatroless anode; graphite electrodes) employing selectively enriched H(2) producing mixed consortia as anodic inoculum. Two MFCs with aerated catholyte (MFC(AC)) and ferricyanide catholyte (MFC(FC)) were operated separately to elucidate the ...
Kim Jung Hoon - - 2007
The performance of a lab scale biofilter packed with biomedia, encapsulated by sodium alginate and polyvinyl alcohol was used for treating ammonia (NH(3)) gas at different loading rates. The metabolic end products during NH(3) oxidation were NH(4)(+), NO(3)(-) and NO(2)(-). It is noteworthy to mention that the immobilized cell biofilter ...
Glover Kent C - - 2007
High-saturation pools of dense nonaqueous phase liquid (DNAPL) are long-term sources of groundwater contamination at many hazardous-waste sites. DNAPL pools consist of a high saturation zone with slow dissolution overlaid by a transition zone with lower saturations and more rapid dissolution. Effects of biological activity on pool dissolution must be ...
Hall M B - - 2007
Effects of sucrose (Suc) concentration on fermentation kinetics and products were evaluated using 3 concentrations of Suc, with 1 concentration of isolated NDF from Bermudagrass fermented together in batch culture in vitro with rumen inoculum. Fixed amounts of medium and inoculum were the protein sources, so protein:Suc decreased with increasing ...
Cherry Martin - - 2007
AIM: To investigate rinsing with povidone-iodine on bacteraemia caused by ultrasonic scaling. MATERIAL AND METHODS: Sixty patients with gingivitis undertook a randomized, placebo-controlled trial in which 30 rinsed with 0.9% saline and 30 with 7.5% povidone-iodine for 2 min. before ultrasonic scaling of FDI teeth 31-35. Blood samples before and ...
Ariesyady Herto Dwi - - 2007
The phylogenetic and functional diversity of syntrophic propionate-oxidizing bacteria (POB) present in an anaerobic digester was investigated by microautoradiography combined with fluorescent in situ hybridization (MAR-FISH) that can directly link 16S rRNA phylogeny with in situ metabolic function. The syntrophic POB community in the anaerobic digester sludge consisted of at ...
Vlaeminck Siegfried E - - 2007
The biomass of an oxygen-limited autotrophic nitrification/denitrification (OLAND) biofilm reactor was preserved in various ways to find a storage method for both aerobic and anaerobic ammonium-oxidizing bacteria (AerAOB and AnAOB). Storage occurred at -20 degrees C with and without glycerol as cryoprotectant and at 4 and 20 degrees C with ...
Aksoy Alev - - 2007
OBJECTIVE: To determine antibacterial activity of chewing mastic gum against the salivary levels of Streptococcus mutans, the total number of viable bacteria, and lactobacilli in patients undergoing therapy with fixed orthodontic appliances. MATERIALS AND METHODS: In this study, the levels of S mutans, lactobacilli, and total cultivated bacteria were measured ...
Slade A H - - 2007
The pulp and paper industry has invested heavily over recent years in cleaner processing, to reduce losses and minimise its impact on the environment. Over the past fifteen years, a New Zealand integrated bleached kraft mill has undergone a comprehensive programme of upgrades to increase production, reduce water consumption and ...
Prager Lutz - - 2007
The photochemical conversion of 200-500 nm layers of perhydropolysilazane --(SiH2-NH)n-- (PHPS) in the presence of oxygen into an SiOx network was studied. Different UV sources in the wavelength range of 160-240 nm, that is, 172 nm Xe2* and 222 nm KrCl* excimer, and 185 nm Hg low-pressure (HgLP) lamps were ...
Goyal C Ram - - 2007
OBJECTIVE: To evaluate the efficacy and safety of a novel ultrasound power toothbrush over a 30-day period in a population with mild to moderate gingivitis. METHODOLOGY: A 30-day, randomized, examiner-blind, parallel-arm study was conducted to evaluate the safety and efficacy of a ultrasound novel power toothbrush (Ultreo - ULT) as ...
Chapple I L C - - 2007
BACKGROUND: Oxidative stress is implicated in the pathogenesis of periodontitis. The total antioxidant capacity (TAOC) of gingival crevicular fluid volume (GCF) and plasma appears compromised in periodontitis, but it is unclear whether this predisposes to, or results from the inflammatory process. AIM: To investigate longitudinal changes in GCF and plasma ...
Rezania B - - 2006
A general method for measurement of active biomass and decay coefficient and Extracellular polymeric substances (EPS) concentration in steady-state biomass was developed. The model was applied to the process of hydrogenotrophic denitrification in order to measure biomass constituents and decay and yield coefficients. It was found that steady-state biomass obtained ...
Hyvärinen Helena K - - 2006
This study investigated the effects of processing and storage on the stability of purified, flaxseed-derived secoisolariciresinol diglucoside (SDG) added to milk prior to the manufacture of different dairy products. We analyzed the effect of high-temperature pasteurization, fermentation, and milk renneting as well as storage on the stability of SDG added ...
Martínez Mariela - - 2007
We describe a new, faster and convenient method to study some metabolic characteristics - by the successful application of immobilized yeast cells (S. cerevisiae) in a microbial biosensor-like device. Microbial biosensors consist of microorganisms immobilized on the surface of a membrane or in a gel, in close contact with a ...
Szanto G L - - 2007
Straw-rich manure from organic pig farming systems was composted in passively aerated static piles to estimate the effect of monthly turning on organic matter degradation and NH(3), N(2)O and CH(4) emissions. Turning enhanced the rate of drying and degradation. The four-month treatment degraded 57+/-3% of the initial organic matter in ...
Leonhardt Asa - - 2006
OBJECTIVE: Antiseptics and antibiotics delivered either locally or systemically have been used as an adjunct to scaling and root planing procedures in order to control the subgingival biofilm and thereby enhancing the treatment outcome. The results presented in the literature are, however, inconclusive. Povidone-iodine (PVP-iodine) has a bactericidal effect and ...
Faveri Marcelo - - 2006
BACKGROUND: The purpose of the present investigation was to determine the effect of the absence of tongue hygiene on the microbiota of the dorsum of the tongue. METHODS: Ten volunteers (aged 19 to 22 years) entered the study at baseline and were instructed to abstain from tongue cleaning for 7 ...
Nielsen David R - - 2006
The performance and stability of a two-phase partitioning bioscrubber (TPPB) containing 33% (vol.) n-hexadecane as an immiscible phase was investigated during 30 days of continuous gaseous benzene treatment. Elimination capacities of 141 +/- 12 g/m(3) h were achieved by Achromobacter xylosoxidans Y234 while maintaining >99% removal throughout. A new steady-state ...
Yoon Sang-Hwal - - 2006
To increase expression of lycopene synthetic genes crtE, crtB, crtI, and ipiHP1, the four exogenous genes were cloned into a high copy pTrc99A vector with a strong trc promoter. Recombinant Escherichia coli harboring pT-LYCm4 produced 17 mg/L of lycopene. The mevalonate lower pathway, composed of mvaK1, mvaK2, mvaD, and idi, ...
Verma M - - 2006
Dissolved oxygen (DO) concentration was selected as a principal parameter for translating results of shake flask fermentation of Trichoderma viride (biocontrol fungi) to a fermenter scale. All fermentations were carried out in a 7.5 l automated fermenter with a working volume of 4 l. Fermentation performance parameters such as volumetric ...
Cho E S - - 2007
The PEMMC-Biobarrel (packed-bed of entrapped mixed microbial cells with Bio-barrel) process and MEMMC-Biobarrel (moving EMMC-Biobarrel) process were investigated for enhancing concurrent organic and nitrogen removal with applied intermittent aeration. For the PEMMC-Biobarrel process, the EMMC-Biobarrel carriers were employed at a packing ratio of 20%. In the MEMMC-Biobarrel process, the EMMC-Biobarrel ...
Garibay-Orijel Claudio - - 2006
A fluidized bed bioreactor (FBBR) was operated for more than 1000 days under two regimes, Methanogenic (M) and Methanogenic-Aerobic (M-A), to remove 2,4,6-trichlorophenol (TCP) and phenol (Phe) from a synthetic wastewater, containing different amounts of TCP and Phe, using different aeration flow-rates (0, 2.13, and 1.06 NL O(2)/L.day). M conditions ...
van Weringh M - - 2006
OBJECTIVES: The aim of the present study was to assess the probing force exerted when using two manual periodontal probes with different handle diameters in hands of different dental professionals. METHODS: For this study two periodontal probes with handle diameters of 54 and 92 mm were used. The 11 subjects ...
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