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Lamanna Raffaele - - 2008
This preliminary work deals with the influence of packaging on the degradation of an Italian soft cheese studied by NMR. The NMR profiles of aqueous cheese extracts were acquired as a function of time during storage of cheese inside and outside the original package. From the NMR spectra 15 metabolites ...
He T - - 2008
Lactose maldigestion and intolerance affect a large part of the world population. The underlying factors of lactose intolerance are not fully understood. In this review, the role of colonic metabolism is discussed, i.e. fermentation of lactose by the colonic microbiota, colonic processing of the fermentation metabolites and how these processes ...
Rasapoor M - - 2009
To determine the most appropriate composting process in an active municipal solid waste system, an experiment was carried out using a nested design method with three aeration rates. During each aeration rate, parameters such as temperature, pH, EC, carbon-to-nitrogen ratio, NO(3)-N, nitrogen, potassium and phosphorous were measured and the efficiency ...
Yap K L - - 2008
The importance of bacteria-suspending media and fingertip positions on the survival of Vibrio cholerae on human fingertips were examined. Vibrios were suspended in phosphate-buffered saline (PBS), PBS with albumin, and PBS with agarose. Each type of preparation was inoculated on the fingerpads, the hyponychia, or the eponychia and lateral nail ...
Quintelas C - - 2009
The aim of this work is to evaluate the applicability of a biofilm to the removal of chromium in solution, at a pilot scale. The effect of the initial concentration of metal on the biosorption behavior of an Arthrobacter viscosus biofilm supported on granular activated carbon, in batch and column ...
Lee Changsoo - - 2008
Shifts in bacterial and archaeal communities, associated with changes in chemical profiles, were investigated in an anaerobic batch reactor treating dairy-processing wastewater prepared with whey permeate powder. The dynamics of bacterial and archaeal populations were monitored by quantitative real-time PCR and showed good agreement with the process data. A rapid ...
Oral Ebru - - 2008
Vitamin E-stabilized, highly cross-linked ultrahigh molecular weight polyethylene (UHMWPE) is a promising oxidation and wear resistant UHMWPE with improved mechanical strength in comparison with the first generation, irradiated and melted UHMWPE. One approach of incorporating vitamin E in UHMWPE is through blending of vitamin E in UHMWPE powder followed by ...
Demura Sinichi - - 2008
Linear polarized near-infrared light (PL) irradiation is considered one of the useful methods for muscle fatigue recovery, because it increases the blood flow and skin temperature of the irradiated part. The purpose of this study was to examine the effect of PL-irradiation on muscle fatigue recovery and physiological response in ...
White Donald J - - 2008
PURPOSE: To evaluate using digital plaque image analysis the antiplaque efficacy of oral care regimens including use of antimicrobial toothpaste in combination with antimicrobial mouthrinse. METHODS: 16 subjects completed the study protocol including: (1) initial treatment phase, all subjects used a standard sodium fluoride dentifrice with 2x/day brushing, (2) second ...
Ducros E - - 2009
The modified rotating simplex method has been successfully used to determine the best combination of agitation rate and aeration rate for maximum production of extracellular proteases by Staphylococcus aureus mutant RC128, in a stirred tank bioreactor operated in a discontinuous way. This mutant has shown altered exoprotein production, specially enhanced ...
Tzannetou Sappho - - 2008
INTRODUCTION: Previously, we reported fluctuation of the levels of the inflammatory mediators interleukin-1beta (IotaL-1beta) and beta-glucuronidase (betaG) in gingival crevicular fluid (GCF) from the maxillary first molars in adolescents undergoing rapid palatal expansion. In this study, we compared the responses of IL-1beta and betaG in the GCF of the maxillary ...
Ristic M - - 2008
OBJECTIVES: Fixed orthodontic appliances cause plaque accumulation around bands and brackets. Since the microbiological composition of dental plaque is closely connected to periodontal tissue health, the aim of this study was to determine the effects of fixed orthodontic appliances on subgingival microflora and periodontal status. METHODS: This prospective study was ...
Hurren Christopher - - 2008
This paper investigates the use of ultrasonic agitation as a method for reducing felting and area shrinkage during the laundering of wool fabric. Work was conducted to evaluate the changes in fibre and fabric properties after repeated exposure to ultrasonic agitation, and also the effectiveness of ultrasonic treatment to remove ...
Romero Jumelita B - - 2008
The status of the cell-wall polysaccharide of the red seaweed, Gracilaria eucheumatoides upon postharvest storage was assessed in this study. The yield, chemical composition, physical and textural properties of alkali-treated agar extract was determined at different time intervals within 31 months of storage at dried state after harvest. Minimal fluctuation ...
Bossen D - - 2008
The effect of 3 fermentation methods, in situ (IS) in 4 lactating cows (average pH of 5.8), in vitro (IVn) with media pH of 6.8, or in vitro (IVa) with media pH adjusted to 6.0 using citric acid, on fiber degradation parameters was studied using feeds ground to different particle ...
Kolahi Jafar - - 2008
In previous investigations the chlorhexidine (CHX) chewing gums tasted unpleasant. The main problem with different CHX formulations is the high incompatibility of CHX with anionic compounds. The purpose of this study is to introduce a new formulation for CHX gum that gives both anti-plaque effectiveness and an acceptable taste. Design: ...
Abe Michiharu - - 2008
The fermentation process for Puer tea, a unique Chinese tea produced by microbial activities, was investigated by physicochemical and microbial analyses. The temperature of a windrow-shaped pile of tea leaves increased instantly at the beginning of fermentation and stayed at around 50 degrees C until day 35, then decreased gradually ...
Otton S Victoria - - 2008
Mono-alkyl phthalate esters (MPEs) are primary metabolites of di-alkyl phthalate esters (DPEs), a family of industrial chemicals widely used in the production of soft polyvinyl chloride and a large range of other products. To better understand the long term fate of DPEs in the environment, we measured the biodegradation kinetics ...
Hand Victoria L - - 2008
Changes in the hydraulic properties of porous material due to bioclogging have been observed in many laboratory simulations and field studies. Because such changes in hydraulic properties influence the movement of fluids and contaminants, microbial ecology data are required for improved transport modeling. Here we investigate the effects of environmental ...
Saravanabhavan Subramani - - 2008
Growing environmental regulations propound the need for a transformation in the current practice of leather making. The conventional dehairing and fiber opening process results in high negative impact on the environment because of its uncleanliness. This process accounts for most of the biochemical oxygen demand and chemical oxygen demand in ...
Poelvoorde Nele - - 2008
Layering of pellets with recombinant Lactococcus lactis Thy 12 was optimised for the production of a dosage form with a high load of viable recombinant L. lactis. Shear stress induced during the atomisation and the type of carrier used for the layering process did not influence the viability. A 5% ...
Lau Ming W - - 2008
External nutrient supplementation and detoxification of hydrolysate significantly increase the production cost of cellulosic ethanol. In this study, we investigated the feasibility of fermenting cellulosic hydrolysates without washing, detoxification or external nutrient supplementation using ethanologens Escherichia coli KO11 and the adapted strain ML01 at low initial cell density (16 mg ...
Fang Yi-Ping - - 2008
Topical photodynamic therapy (PDT) with 5-aminolevulinic acid (ALA) is an alternative therapy for many non-melanoma skin cancers. The major limitation of this therapy, however, is the low permeability of ALA through the stratum corneum (SC) of the skin. The objective of the present work was to characterize ethosomes containing ALA ...
Sugiura Yuko - - 2008
GOALS: The commercially available saliva substitute Oralbalance has been reported to alleviate symptoms of post-radiotherapy xerostomia in head and neck cancer patients. Oralbalance may also be effective for xerostomia in patients undergoing hematopoietic cell transplantation (HCT) with high-dose chemotherapy and total-body irradiation. However, HCT patients are severely compromised, and saliva ...
Oonishi Hironobu - - 2008
Some previous studies suggest that aging influences wear and oxidatively degraded nonsterilized ultra-high-molecular-weight polyethylene (UHMWPE) exhibits decreased wear resistance. We therefore asked whether shelf-aging storage conditions influenced degradation and wear resistance of gamma-irradiated UHMWPE. We examined oxidation and wear of 100-Mrad gamma-irradiated UHMWPE (100-Mrad polyethylene) cups shelf-aged for 30 years ...
Bang W - - 2008
Staphylococcus aureus contamination and enterotoxin production is a potential food safety hazard during the drying step of production of air-dried fresh country sausage. The growth characteristics and enterotoxin production of S. aureus during the drying step of this product with and without added sodium nitrite were evaluated. Three strains of ...
Simões Manuel - - 2008
The effect of the anionic surfactant sodium dodecyl sulfate (SDS) on Pseudomonas fluorescens biofilms was investigated using flow cell reactors with stainless steel substrata, under turbulent (Re = 5200) and laminar (Re = 2000) flow. Steady-state biofilms were exposed to SDS in single doses (0.5, 1, 3 and 7 mM) ...
Dos Santos A B - - 2008
This research aimed to evaluate the effect of nitrate on anaerobic azo dye reduction by using mesophilic bioreactors, in the absence (reactor R2) and in the presence (reactor R1) of redox mediators. The azo dye Reactive Red 2 (RR2) and the redox mediator anthraquinone-2,6-disulphonate (AQDS) were selected as model compounds. ...
Sturm B S McSwain - - 2008
Much research has asserted that high shear forces are necessary for the formation of aerobic granular sludge in Sequencing Batch Reactors (SBRs). In order to distinguish the role of shear and dissolved oxygen on granule formation, two separate experiments were conducted with three bench-scale SBRs. In the first experiment, an ...
Madgulkar Ashwini - - 2008
The purpose of this research was to prepare and evaluate sustained release mucoadhesive tablets of Itraconazole. It is practically insoluble in aqueous fluids hence its solid dispersion with Eudragit E100 was prepared by spray drying. This was formulated in matrix of hydrophilic mucoadhesive polymers Carbopol 934P (CP) and Methocel K4M ...
Tanner J - - 2008
Surgical hand antisepsis, to destroy transient micro-organisms and inhibit the growth of resident micro-organisms, is routinely carried out before undertaking invasive procedures. Antisepsis may reduce the risk of surgical site infections in patients. To determine the effects of surgical hand antisepsis on the number of surgical site infections (SSIs) in ...
Tzeng Y-M - - 2008
AIMS: To maximize spore production by Bacillus amyloliquefaciens B128, and its antagonism to the fungal pathogen Botrytis elliptica B061. METHODS AND RESULTS: In the 5-l stirred-tank bioreactor (STR), with the 0.5 vvm aeration rate, an agitation rate of 200 rev min(-1) significantly enhanced the spore yield compared to the same ...
Gil-García M D - - 2008
This work describes the optimization of a photochemically induced method for the detection of eight phenylureas has been developed by response surface methodology (RSM). These pesticides do not show native fluorescence but they were photolyzed into strongly fluorescent photoproducts under UV irradiation. The effect of the main variables affecting the ...
Espinoza-Escalante Froylán M - - 2008
The objective of this work was study the effect of three pretreatments (alkalinization, thermical treatment, and sonication) on Tequila's stillages hydrolysis process in acidogenesis stage, through the following response variables: soluble chemical oxygen demand (CODs), total sugar and volatile fatty acids profile and the hydrogen production at the time. The ...
Bezerra Roberto A - - 2007
The main objective of this work was to investigate the effect of volumetric loading rate (VLR), shock load, and alkalinity supplementation on the efficiency and stability of an Anaerobic Sequencing Batch Biofilm Reactor (AnSBBR) containing polyurethane foam cubes. Mixing in the reactor, which was kept at 30 +/- 1 degrees ...
Salles Antônio Eduardo S - - 2007
OBJECTIVES: The objective of this study was to compare and correlate biofilm levels in complete upper and lower prosthesis after brushing, associated with specific paste and soap, by means of computerised methodology. MATERIALS AND METHODS: Forty-five complete denture wearers were selected and instructed to brush their prostheses (Soft Oral B ...
Muck R E - - 2007
Alfalfa silages from 2 similar trials were analyzed for in vitro ruminal gas production. In both trials, there were 15 treatments: alfalfa treated at ensiling with 1 of 14 lactic acid bacterial inoculants or untreated alfalfa. First-cut (477 g of dry matter/kg) and second-cut (393 g of dry matter/kg) alfalfa ...
Katragkou Aspasia - - 2008
The activities of voriconazole, posaconazole, caspofungin, and anidulafungin against Candida albicans and Candida parapsilosis biofilms were evaluated. In contrast to planktonic cells, the MICs for voriconazole and posaconazole for the biofilms of the two species were high (>or=256 and >64 mg/liter, respectively) but relatively low for the echinocandins caspofungin and ...
Röthlisberger Beat - - 2007
AIM: To compare the periodontal conditions of Swiss Army recruits in 2006 with those of previous surveys in 1996 and 1985. MATERIAL AND METHODS: A total of six hundred and twenty-six Swiss Army recruits were examined for their periodontal conditions, caries prevalence, stomatological and functional aspects of the masticatory system ...
Demir Goksel - - 2007
In this study, the removal of color, chemical oxygen demand (COD) and aromatic group from one of the azo dyes, Remazol Yellow RR Gran, had been carried out by using one of the white rot fungi, Phanerochaete chrysosporium. Experimental studies were performed in growth media containing different amounts of dye ...
Hayashi Y - - 2007
OBJECTIVES: This study was designed to confirm the mechanical efficacy of chewing chitosan-containing gum to suppress the growth of oral bacteria compared to a mouth rinse, and to demonstrate the increased salivary secretion due to chewing chitosan-containing gum. METHOD: Twelve healthy subjects were recruited from among the staff and students ...
Liu Yong-Qiang - - 2008
The formation and long-term stability of nitrifying granules in a sequencing batch reactor was investigated in this study. The results showed that nitrifying granules with a size of 240 microm and SVI of 40 ml g(-1) were formed on day 21 at a settling time of 10 min. Maintaining settling ...
Tan Teck Wee - - 2008
The conflicting influence of mixed liquor recycle ratio and dissolved oxygen on nitrogen removal and membrane fouling of a pre-denitrification submerged MBR was investigated in this study. It was found that a high aeration rate of 10 L air/min was able to minimize membrane fouling as compared with lower aeration ...
Sadaghiani Leili - - 2007
OBJECTIVES: Physical properties of some restorative dental materials can change as a result of exposure to mouthwashes and toothbrushing. The purpose of this laboratory study was to investigate the possible effects of three commercially available mouthwashes on the surface hardness and weight of a resin modified glass-ionomer and two compomers ...
Hall A - - 2007
In order to understand the development of the microbial population within a hot-drinks vending machine a new machine was placed in a staff area of a university campus vending only hot chocolate. The machine was cleaned weekly using a detergent based protocol. Samples from the mixing bowl, dispense area, and ...
Haraszthy Violet I - - 2007
BACKGROUND: The authors examined the tongue bacteria associated with oral halitosis (bad breath originating from the oral cavity), focusing on noncultivable bacteria-bacteria that cannot be identified by bacterial culture techniques. METHODS: The authors took samples from the dorsal tongue surface of eight adult subjects with halitosis and five control subjects ...
Hirschorn Sarah K - - 2007
Stable carbon isotope analysis of chlorinated aliphatic compounds was performed at an in situ biostimulation pilot test area (PTA) at a site where 1,2-dichloroethane (1,2-DCA) and trichloroethene (TCE) were present in groundwater. Chlorinated products of TCE reductive dechlorination (cis-dichloroethene (cDCE) and vinyl chloride (VC)) were present at concentrations of 17.5 ...
Dembowska Elzbieta - - 2007
OBJECTIVES: There is a paucity of data on the coverage of multiple recessions. The aim of this study was to compare clinical results of connective tissue graft (CTG) combined with tunnel surgical techniques in the treatment of multiple adjacent gingival recessions. STUDY DESIGN: The treatment outcome of 28 recessions of ...
de Paula Valdemir Cordeiro - - 2008
Levan, a polysaccharide from Zymomonas mobilis, was hydrolyzed to obtain oligofructans or fructooligosaccharides with a degree of polymerization varying from 4 to 14. Fructooligosaccharides (FOS) are short chain fructans that beneficially affects the host by selective stimulation of growth and activity of one or a number of bacteria including probiotic ...
Corder K - - 2007
This study was designed to compare the efficacy of four hand preparation techniques in removing bacteria from the hands preoperatively. The effect of bacteriological swabbing itself on bacterial counts was also investigated. The numbers of bacteria obtained from the dominant and non-dominant hands were also determined. The techniques all used ...
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