Search Results
Results 551 - 600 of 643
< 3 4 5 6 7 8 9 10 11 12 13 >
Faulkner D J - - 1989
The authors tested whether gallstone fragmentation with a tunable dye laser would speed dissolution with methyl tert-butyl ether (MTBE) and allow successful in vitro dissolution of calcified stones. Twelve sets of three stones matched for size and weight were obtained from 11 surgically resected human gallbladders and one common bile ...
Yamamoto J - - 1989
The effect of physical training on thrombotic tendency was assessed in rats. Exercise was done on a flat treadmill for 30 min at a rate of 1,400 m/h (submaximal speed), 5 times a week for either 1.5 or 3 months. The thrombotic tendency was measured by the He-Ne laser-induced thrombus ...
Weatherell J A - - 1989
Using glucose as a marker, a detailed study of retention at 5 different sites in the mouth of 1 subject and a less detailed examination of 4 selected sites in the mouths of 10 other subjects revealed site-specific differential patterns of oral retention (or clearance). These patterns seemed independent of ...
Aly R - - 1988
Chlorhexidine gluconate (Hibiclens), povidone-iodine (E-Z Scrub 201), and chloroxylenol (ParaSoft) sponge-brushes were compared for antibacterial efficacy in 2-minute surgical scrubs. Thirty-nine volunteers completed a 7-day baseline period and a 5-day treatment period. Thirteen participants were assigned to a chlorhexidine group, 12 to a povidone-iodine group, and 14 to a chloroxylenol ...
Boon M E - - 1988
Formaldehyde is the most commonly used fixative in pathology laboratories. However, due to time pressures, this fixative is often not optimally exploited. The majority of biopsies are only partly fixed when histoprocessing is started, with adverse effects. This paper reports how formaldehyde fixation is improved, by using 1.5 min of ...
Login G R - - 1988
It was demonstrated that microwave energy used simultaneously in combination with low concentrations of glutaraldehyde (0.05%) and formaldehyde (2.0%) rapidly preserved light microscopic histology and excellent fine structural details, as well as a variety of cytoplasmic and membrane-bound antigens. Specimen blocks up to 1 cm3 can be fixed in as ...
Hartman P E - - 1988
Bacteriophages P22, T4+, and T4os (osmotic shock-resistant mutant with altered capsids) were diluted in 0.85% NaCl and exposed to gamma irradiation (2.79 Gy/min) at room temperature (24 degrees C). T4+ was more sensitive to inactivation than was P22, and the T4os mutant was even more sensitive than T4+. Catalase exhibited ...
Wong K K - - 1988
Steam explosion after sulphur dioxide impregnation of wood chips is an effective method for improving the enzymatic digestibility of cellulose in the softwood Pinus radiata. Digestibility of pretreated fiber was progressively increased by altering the conditions of steam explosion. With increasing digestibility, there was an observed increase in fiber porosity ...
McFall W T WT - - 1987
Four test dentifrices were evaluated in a double-blind investigation to determine their effect on dentinal sensitivity in 87 adult human participants. Baseline data were obtained by patient questionnaire, dental examination and by soliciting subjective responses to controlled osmotic, thermal and tactile stimuli. The four dentifrices were: (1) a placebo dentifrice, ...
Chew S - - 1987
Recent studies reporting UVA (ultraviolet A radiation 320-380 nm) as an integral part of the cumulative sun-induced damage in human skin have prompted an interest in developing effective UVA photoprotective agents. The development of such compounds has been impeded by the absence of a clinically relevant animal model for evaluating ...
Chen M - - 1987
Spores, sporeforming vegetative cells, and asporogenous populations were enumerated in two semicontinuous anaerobic fermentors digesting municipal primary sludge at 35 and 55 degrees C for more than 87 days. In the 35 degrees C fermentor, the anaerobic total population was 312.5 X 10(6)/ml, with 25.0 X 10(6)/ml being sporogenous. The ...
Wennström J L - - 1987
The purpose of this study was to longitudinally monitor changes in the position of the soft tissue margin at 26 buccal sites surgically deprived of all gingival tissue. A baseline examination carried out 6 months after treatment revealed that the sites to be monitored were lacking or had only a ...
Peschel G - - 1987
Unconventional and highly unexpected results in the Comorosan Effect have been obtained in a photographic study using N-methyl-4-aminophenol (metol) as the developer. Before dissolving the developer was irradiated with green light (lambda = 546 nm) for various distinct periods of time (5, 10 and 15 seconds). A significant difference was ...
Pearse A D - - 1987
We have demonstrated previously that following UVB irradiation to normal volunteers there is an increase in epidermal and stratum corneum thickness and an increase in the thymidine autoradiographic labeling index. These changes are coupled with alterations in epidermal glucose-6-phosphate dehydrogenase and succinic dehydrogenase activities, despite the absence of erythema clinically. ...
Hoff J C - - 1986
Drinking water disinfection provides the final barrier to transmission of a wide variety of potentially waterborne infectious agents including pathogenic bacteria, viruses, and protozoa. These agents differ greatly in their innate resistance to inactivation by disinfectants, ranging from extremely sensitive bacteria to highly resistant protozoan cysts. The close similarity between ...
Hoffman A - - 1986
A method is described for simultaneous microscopic observation of individual microcapsule core material dissolution together with quantitative measurement of the individual kinetics of release of the contents. These may be conductimetric in the case of ionized materials or spectrophotometric otherwise. This enables correlation of changes in core surface area during ...
Schaeken M J - - 1986
For the isolation of Streptococcus mutans, several selective media have been developed, of which Mitis-Salivarius Sucrose Bacitracin agar (MSB) is the most widely used (Gold et al., 1973). Recently, the Trypticase Yeast-Extract Cystine agar medium (TYC, de Stoppelaar et al., 1967) was modified into a selective medium for S. mutans, ...
Fleming N - - 1986
A rapid and sensitive spot test amenable to visual or spectrophotometric quantitation has been developed for a wide variety of biochemical reagents by utilizing the transition metal salt cupric chloride and its large number of related colored compounds. This assay is potentially a widely applicable multipurpose test for rapidly detecting ...
el-Batouty M F - - 1986
Twenty rabbits were divided into two matching groups. Holes of 1 cm2 area were bored through the full thickness of the pinna of both ears in each rabbit. In group I, the right ears were irradiated with pulsed ultrasound three times/week for 18 weeks. In group II, the right ears ...
Blech M F - - 1985
This study was done to investigate the antibacterial efficacy of the successive use of non-antiseptic soaps with different pH and ethanol at different dilutions during in-use tests on the natural cutaneous flora for both surgical and hospital hand-washing. The successive combinations of detergents and alcohol were less effective than the ...
Wennström J - - 1985
The present clinical trial was performed to assess the effect of a Sanguinarine-containing mouthrinse on developing plaque and gingivitis in man. The trial was designed as a blind cross-over study. The active mouthrinse consisted of a 0.03% aqueous solution of Sanguinaria extract; an aqueous solution with similar color and taste ...
Anderson R F - - 1985
The increase in the degree of radiosensitization of Escherichia coli cells following prolonged pre-irradiation incubation with nitroimidazoles is not correlated with the loss of intracellular non-protein thiols (NPSH) alone. The rates of reduction of the nitro compounds and the NPSH removal do not show strong dependencies on the lipophilicities of ...
Sturzenberger O P - - 1985
The purpose of the present study was to evaluate a clinical procedure for determining the proficiency of gingivitis examiners. After 4 examiner trainees were instructed by and participated in practice examination sessions with a senior examiner, the 5 examiners participated in a 2-group clinical study which employed appropriately timed-staggered dental ...
Star R A - - 1985
Cortical collecting ducts (CCD) from rabbits treated with deoxycorticosterone (DOC) actively secrete bicarbonate at high rates. To investigate the mechanism of bicarbonate secretion, we measured bicarbonate and chloride transport in CCD from rabbits treated with DOC for 9-24 d. Removal of chloride (replaced with gluconate) from both perfusate and bath ...
Slots J - - 1985
We studied the association between post-treatment periodontal disease activity and subgingival Bacteroides gingivalis, Bacteroides intermedius, spirochetes and motile rods. 20 adults, 22-62 years, with moderate-to-severe periodontitis participated in a split-mouth treatment study. All individual quadrants received supragingival cleaning and in addition, subgingival scaling and a NaHCO3-NaCl-H2O2 slurry, subgingival scaling alone, ...
Goodson J M - - 1985
The subgingival microbiologic composition of diseased periodontal sites was evaluated by darkfield microscopy before and after scaling or local delivery of tetracycline. A standardized sampling and counting method using a crevicular washing technique was developed to determine both numbers and proportions of morphotypes using darkfield microscopy. Tetracycline-loaded hollow fibers established ...
Lamster I B - - 1985
Experimental gingivitis provides a useful model for studying the initiation of periodontal disease in man. This study evaluated over a 4-week period the Plaque Index (PLI), Gingival Bleeding Time Index (GBTI), and gingival crevicular fluid (GCF) for resting and flow volume as well as the concentration and total activity of ...
Hillman J D - - 1985
The existence of antagonistic and commensal relationships between microorganisms was investigated. The predominant cultivable flora in 172 plaque samples from active and non-active sites in 32 human subjects with destructive periodontitis was determined. The presence of putative periodontopathic organisms (Bacteroides gingivalis, Bacteroides intermedius, Bacteroides forsythus, Wolinella recta, Actinobacillus actinomycetemcomitans, and ...
Diffey B L - - 1984
The design and performance of an instrument for quantifying ultraviolet-induced cutaneous erythema are discussed. If the instrument is used to record an 'erythema index' at a site on the skin before and after irradiation, the difference between those two readings is essentially related to an increase in vasodilation and is ...
Gorsky M - - 1984
The prevalence of gingival physiologic pigmentation in three ethnic groups of a total of 2,465 Israeli Jews were determined. The distribution of this gingival pigmentation, according to anatomic parts and divisions, was examined. Results showed the presence of gingival pigmentation in 57.9% of the Eastern group, 49.3% of the Sephardic ...
Gendler E - - 1984
Bovine pericardial tissue and tissue-derived bioprosthesis fixed in glutaraldehyde and stored in either glutaraldehyde or formaldehyde can induce cytotoxic reactions even after prolonged washing due to the slow leaching of the chemicals used for crosslinking and sterilizing. Sequential rinsing for up to 60 min was still not sufficient to eliminate ...
Camosci D A - - 1984
The growth of bacteria on stainless steel wires was used as a model to investigate which properties of SnF2 produced anti-bacterial effects against S. mutans. Wire-adherent bacteria were exposed for one min, twice a day, to various fluoride or control compounds having similar ions, pH, valence, or atomic weights. After ...
Asman B - - 1984
The granulocyte function in patients with juvenile periodontitis (JP) (eight men and six women, aged 13-33 yr) and sex and age matched controls was determined by the luminol enhanced chemiluminescence (CL) induced by opsonized and unopsonized bacteria or latex beads. Maximal CL induced by latex beads with or without autologus ...
Kamide R - - 1984
We have investigated the roles of mast cells and the complement system in the immediate phase of hematoporphyrin-induced phototoxicity in guinea pigs. Clinically, i.v. injection of hematoporphyrin, followed by irradiation with a light source containing 400-405 nm wavelength, resulted in the immediate onset of erythema and edema, which subsided partially ...
Eggert P - - 1984
Knowledge of the effective irradiation dose is a prerequisite to predicting the efficacy of phototherapy. To gain this information, the field of irradiation of a phototherapy lamp was measured in an incubator. It became apparent that the radiant power is extremely heterogeneously distributed in the incubator. By decreasing the distance ...
Morison W L - - 1983
Experimental and clinical evidence suggests that patients receiving psoralens plus UVA radiation (PUVA) therapy for the treatment of psoriasis or other skin diseases run the risk of developing cataracts. The total exposure to UVA radiation of these patients has been difficult to quantify because they are exposed to UVA radiation ...
Cray W C WC - - 1983
Adult rabbits were inoculated orally (or duodenally) with virulent Vibrio cholerae O1. Jejunal colonization occurred only when hypoperistalsis was induced at the time of inoculation by tincture of opium given intraperitoneally (or by temporary ileal obstruction). For oral inoculation, prior neutralization of gastric acid was also required. Inoculation with 10(9) ...
Hoban D J - - 1983
A study was undertaken to evaluate the effectiveness of the MS-2 (Abbott Laboratories, Dallas, Tex.) in screening urine specimens in a large clinical laboratory. A total of 15,319 urine specimens (9,954 midstream specimens and 5,365 catheter specimens) were evaluated with the MS-2 and by a surface streak procedure. The study ...
García Rocaé M O - - 1983
The nitrate and nitrite contents in cheese of the Gouda type, produced by the Milk Complex of Havanna, were investigated and compared with those found in 5 types of imported cheese consumed in Cuba. No significant differences were found in the mean value (mean) of NaNO3, whereas in the mean ...
Uwaifo O A - - 1983
The effect of Vitamin K, on the inhibition of oxygen uptake in Bacillus brevis (2611), Bacillus megaterium (1368) and Flavobacterium aurantiacum by aflatoxin B1 (AFB) has been investigated. At 1.5 mM, vitamin K completely reversed oxygen inhibition by 10 micrograms/ml AFB in the three bacteria and by 50 micrograms/ml AFB ...
Ferguson H W - - 1982
The blood clearance of 51Cr-labelled heat-killed Salmonella pullorum was biphasic and exponential for each phase. This pattern was the same for all three concentrations of bacteria used. The initial more rapid phase lasted for approximately 15 minutes when roughly 90% of the bacteria had been cleared. The second slower phase ...
Plum J - - 1982
It has been reported that nandrolone decanoate is helpful in overcoming the neutropenic phase following irradiation. In the present study the influence of nandrolone decanoate on the thymus' cellularity after total body irradiation was investigated. In comparison with a placebo-treated group, mice receiving nandrolone decanoate showed a similar pattern of ...
Lagunas R - - 1982
Saccharomyces cerevisiae does not show a noticeable Pasteur effect (activation of sugar catabolism by anaerobiosis) when growing with an excess of sugar and nitrogen source, but it does do so after exhaustion of the nitrogen source in the medium (resting state). We have found that this different behavior of growing ...
Merry R J - - 1982
1. The fate of glucosyl urea (GU), lactosyl urea (LU) and corresponding mixtures of the free sugars and urea and their degradation products were examined during in vitro incubation of the compounds with rumen contents taken from donor sheep and steers at various stages of adaptation to these compounds. 2. ...
Boedker A - - 1982
A method for selective endobronchial and endotracheal irradiation is described. This method was used to treat a young woman with an unresectable adenoid cystic carcinoma of the trachea involving the main bronchi. The treatment provided good palliation, as indicated by increase of maximal breathing capacity (MBC) and forced expiratory volume ...
Emilson C G - - 1982
The incidence of S. sanguis, S. salivarius, S. mutans, total streptococci and lactobacilli was examined in highly caries active 13-14-year-old schoolchildren participating in a prophylactic program. After 1 year of trial, professional toothcleaning once every second week markedly reduced the frequency of gingivitis and the caries increment. Bimonthly topical applications ...
Shapiro D L - - 1982
This study examines the effect of irradiation on lung surfactant synthesis and secretion in mice. Animals were irradiated with 650, 1300, or 1950 rad and morphological and biochemical indices of surfactant system function were followed for 18 weeks. No changes were seen at 650 rad; the results at 1300 and ...
Sheladia V L - - 1982
Enteroviruses were isolated from influent and effluent wastewaters of two types of oxidation lagoons during an 18-month study. Isolations, performed by sewage concentration and direct assay, were low in number and did not follow a seasonal trend. The younger treatment system, using aeration and effluent chlorination, was more efficient at ...
Viollier M - - 1982
Ground measurements of water reflectances for two very clear days, allied with computations of atmospheric effects, are compared with satellite data of the Coastal Zone Color Scanner. This exercise points out significant errors in the calibration of the scanner. A new set of calibration constants, which standardizes radiances relative to ...
Hashimoto A G - - 1982
The effects of mixing duration and vacuum on methane production rates from anaerobically fermented beef cattle wastes were discussed. The results showed that continuously mixed fermentors produced significantly (P < 0.05) higher methane production rates than fermentors mixed two hours per day. However, the rates from the continuously mixed fermentors ...
< 3 4 5 6 7 8 9 10 11 12 13 >