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Results 501 - 550 of 644
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Toffler W L - - 1993
BACKGROUND: Various sampling techniques of the cervix have established false negative rates ranging from 18% to 45%. A number of studies suggest that this false negative rate can be reduced by sampling techniques that are associated with higher yields of endocervical cells. METHOD: This study enrolled 301 women, each of ...
Sarkar S - - 1993
Subgingival plaque samples from patients with chronic periodontitis were exposed to light from a 7.3 mW Helium/Neon laser for 30 s in the presence and absence of 50 micrograms/ml toluidine blue O as a photosensitizer. Viable counts of various groups and species of bacteria were carried out before and after ...
Ainamo J - - 1993
This study was designed for analysis of the discriminating power of 4 different quantifications of supragingival plaque: (1) plaque wet weight (PWW); (2) the plaque index (PlI); (3) the PLQ index measuring the coronal extension of plaque; (4) the area % of stained plaque. Different quantities of plaque were produced ...
Wall M B - - 1993
Biopulping is the solid-state fermentation of wood chips as a pretreatment for mechanical pulping processes. The two organisms that are currently of the greatest interest for biopulping are the white-rot fungi, Phanerochaete chrysosporium and Ceriporiopsis subvermispora. P. chrysosporium has been shown to successfully biopulp wood (33% energy savings; 39% improvement ...
Stephen K W - - 1993
Fluoride drops and tablets are effective caries-inhibiting agents which exercise their benefit through mainly topical means. Results of caries trials in which drops or tablets were used in the home vary from excellent to poor, depending on the compliance rates of both parents and offspring. Delivery in schools has also ...
Russo V M - - 1993
Botrytis allii and Collectotrichum dematium are onion pathogens which can infect in the field and cause decay in storage. Some phenolics can hinder development of these fungi, but the effect of cytokinins is not clear. Cytokinins (kinetin or 6-benzyladenine) or phenolics (caffeic or chlorogenic acids) were added to agar at ...
Benson B J - - 1993
The purpose of this study was to compare the ability of experienced and newly trained investigators to use the published Global Plaque Index and a newly developed Proximal/Marginal Index (PMI) that focuses on disclosed plaque at clearly defined proximal and marginal surfaces. Four independent clinical studies were performed, two with ...
Larsen I B - - 1992
The surface microhardness of specimens made of a BisGMA/TEGDMA polymer was measured before and during treatment for 60 days with phosphate buffer or phosphate-buffered esterase solution with an activity corresponding to the mean hydrolase activity of human saliva. The hardness of the buffer-treated specimens was unchanged during the incubation period, ...
Zero D T - - 1992
It is now well-accepted that the primary anti-caries activity of fluoride (F) is via topical action. The retention of F in the mouth after topical fluoride treatment is considered to be an important factor in the clinical efficacy of F. The purpose of this study was to evaluate F levels ...
Drake D R - - 1992
Our previous studies have shown that pyrophosphate (PPi), the anticalculus component of tartar-control dentifrices, inhibits the growth of organisms associated with coronal and root surface caries. The purposes of this investigation were to: 1) determine if periodontal pathogens are similarly susceptible to the growth-inhibitory properties of PPi; and 2) determine ...
Ciancio S G - - 1992
Numerous chemical agents have been evaluated for the supplementation of patient-dependent mechanical plaque control and thus the reduction or prevention of oral diseases. Agents discussed in this paper are those most frequently evaluated in recent studies and include chlorhexidine, essential oils, triclosan, sanguinarine, fluorides, oxygenating agents, quaternary ammonium agents, prebrushing ...
Nikolić L - - 1992
The influence of in vitro test conditions on the release of aspirin from commercial tablets was assessed with a USP rotating-basket dissolution apparatus. Three types of aspirin tablets were evaluated: plain, buffered, and microencapsulated. The variables investigated were stirring speed, pH, and volume and temperature of the dissolution medium. Plain ...
Varela H - - 1992
In this paper, the influence of aeration rate on the alcoholic batch fermentation of whey by Kluyveromyces fragilis NRRL Y-2415 was investigated. Assays in 1.5-L fermentor using concentrated whey permeate containing 100 g/L of lactose were carried out at different oxygen supply rate (KLaC*) from 0 to 82 mmol/Lh. Optimum ...
Grimsdottir M R - - 1992
The use of orthodontic appliances may contribute to local gingivitis, often attributed to increased plaque retention. Gingivitis of bacterial origin cannot clinically be distinguished from local tissue irritation caused by corrosion products. The purpose of this investigation was to assess the cytotoxic effect of various metallic components used in orthodontics. ...
Köhler B - - 1992
During the fall of 1987 one hundred and fifty-five 15 to 16-year-olds were examined with regard to caries prevalence, saliva secretion rate and salivary numbers of mutans streptococci and lactobacilli. In 15% of the subjects no mutans streptococci were detected, while 17.7% carried > 10(6) colony forming units (cfu) per ...
Struijk D G - - 1992
Several studies are discussed which investigated the usefulness of the disappearance rate of macromolecules from the peritoneal cavity for estimating convective fluid loss from the peritoneal cavity into the peritoneal lymphatic system. It is shown that dextrans are removed from the peritoneal cavity by a size-independent process at a mean ...
Sandham H J - - 1991
An abbreviated treatment with a chlorhexidine-containing varnish was compared with a similar treatment with a placebo varnish and with a prophylaxis alone for its effects on the numbers of detectable salivary mutants streptococci in 51 adults. The varnishes, applied once weekly for four weeks, were held in place with a ...
Ehrenkranz N J - - 1991
OBJECTIVE: The study was designed to compare the efficacies of bland soap handwash and isopropyl alcohol hand rinse in preventing transfer of aerobic gram-negative bacilli to urinary catheters via transient hand colonization acquired from direct patient contact. Glove juice recovery of gram-negative bacteria was considered transient colonization; catheter recovery was ...
Carr K E - - 1991
Previous work has shown that irradiation produces changes in small intestinal villous shape, which can be quantified using a villous scoring system applied to scanning electron micrographs. It has already been shown that reserpine, which, like irradiation, increases gastrointestinal motility, produces a similar type of villous collapse, thereby supporting the ...
Ernst A - - 1991
To investigate whether high-intensity ultrasound can destroy atherosclerotic plaques while sparing the normal arterial wall, 279 normal human aortic sites and 119 fibrous and 193 calcified plaques, obtained from 24 necropsies, were insonified in a water tank, at 20 kHz and at 5 different power intensities, ranging from 68 W/cm2 ...
Hanioka T - - 1991
The purpose of this study was to determine if functional changes in the human gingival vasculature were reversible following the resolution of gingival inflammation. Ten patients with 40 inflamed gingival sites were evaluated before and 2 weeks after the completion of treatment. We determined the hemoglobin concentration and the oxygen ...
Knight P - - 1991
The excitation of fluorophores in the vicinity of a myofibril stops both shortening in the presence of ATP and Ca2+, and the extraction of the A-band by NaCl in the presence of Mg pyrophosphate. Shortening is more quickly affected than extraction. These effects can be induced by fluorescently-tagged antibodies bound ...
Lang N P - - 1991
The present study was designed to determine the threshold pressure value to be applied in provoking bleeding on probing (BOP) in clinically healthy gingival units. 12 female dental hygiene students volunteered for the study. They were selected on the basis of excellent oral hygiene standards, absence of probing depths greater ...
Huizinga E D - - 1991
Caries in exposed root surfaces is becoming a significant problem in dentistry. Varnish applications have interesting preventive possibilities against root caries. The effect of such a varnish, containing two antimicrobials, was studied on the demineralisation of roots with a twofold aim. Firstly, the efficacy of the varnish was investigated in ...
Grootveld M - - 1991
Proton Hahn spin-echo n.m.r. spectroscopy was employed to detect abnormal metabolites present in rheumatoid synovial fluid that are derived from the deleterious generation of reactive oxygen radical species during exercise of the inflamed rheumatoid joint. A resonance attributable to a low-molecular-mass N-acetylglucosamine-containing oligosaccharide formed by the oxygen-radical-mediated depolymerization of synovial-fluid ...
Duckworth R M - - 1991
In a recent clinical trial of sodium monofluorophosphate dentifrices, oral rinsing habits were found to influence dental caries. Thus an oral fluoride clearance study has been undertaken which was designed to test a possible mechanism for the observed effects. Eight subjects brushed with one of the trial dentifrices and then ...
Fernández-Britto J E - - 1991
In 2043 autopsies divided into the high (HAG) and low (LAG) atherosclerosis group a set of variables of a new atherometric system (AS) was used to characterize the atherosclerotic lesion (AL) in the circle of Willis arteries: fatty streaks (X), fibrous plaques (Y), severe plaques (Z), index of stenosis (P) ...
Ho C S - - 1990
n-Hexadecane was added to fermentation media to increase the medium oxygen solubilities, thus enhancing oxygen transfer rates in penicillin fermentations. For shake flask fermentations, cells were found to grow faster in the flasks with n-hexadecane than those without. The addition of n-hexadecane to penicillin fermentations was shown to significantly increase ...
Trnovec T - - 1990
Ionizing radiation can impair the integrity of the blood brain barrier (BBB). Data on early and late damage after brain irradiation are usually reported separately, yet a gradual transition between these two types has become evident. Signs appearing within 3 weeks after irradiation are considered to be early manifestations. The ...
Machtei E E - - 1990
Gingival recession is a manifestation of periodontal breakdown. Plaque microorganisms are the primary aetiological factor, but other secondary conditions are also associated with its presence. This study examined the hypothesis that localized gingival recession is more prevalent in open-bite cases. The study included 26 children with untreated anterior open bite ...
Scheibner A - - 1990
The Q-switched ruby laser was used to treat 101 amateur and 62 professional tattoos in 80 patients over a period of 22 months. Using a 5- to 8-mm spot size and energy fluences of 2-4 joules/cm2, an average of three retreatments resulted in complete pigment removal in four, nearly complete ...
Lang N P - - 1990
Following active periodontal therapy, 41 patients were incorporated in a maintenance program for 2 1/2 years with recall intervals varying between 2-6 months. At the beginning of each maintenance visit, the periodontal tissues were evaluated using "bleeding on probing" (BOP). Reinstrumentation was only performed at sites which bled on probing. ...
Rotter M L - - 1990
The antimicrobial efficacy of three 'two-phase' surgical hand disinfection procedures was compared, in a volunteer study, to 60% n-propanol, applied for 5 min, which is the reference hand-disinfection procedure used in Austria and West Germany (FRG). The procedures involved sequential use of unmedicated soap or a disinfectant-detergent containing 4% chlorhexidine ...
Howell T H - - 1990
The effect of zinc sulfadiazine (ZnSD) and silver sulfadiazine (AgSD) on developing plaque formation and gingivitis was studied in 12 beagle dogs over a 14-week period. Plaque and gingival indices were used to measure plaque formation and gingivitis. During a 2-wk baseline period each dog was brought to optimal gingival ...
Mahmoud W M - - 1990
The rate and extent of microbial transformation of higher concentrations of benzaldehyde substrate to L-phenylacetyl carbinol (L-PAC) by immobilized cells of Saccharomyces cerevisiae ATCC 834 was markedly stimulated by addition of different concentrations of beta-cyclodextrin (BCD) to the fermentation medium. With 0.5, 1.0, and 1.5% BCD in the fermentation medium ...
Matsumoto T - - 1990
Distributions of thermal neutron fluence and capture gamma ray absorbed dose rates were evaluated, taking into consideration various physical factors relevant to boron neutron capture therapy. The use of a larger neutron irradiation aperture was associated with an increase in thermal neutron fluence and capture gamma ray absorbed dose rates. ...
Geist B J - - 1990
Noninvasive methods have been used to study the long-term cardiovascular and pulmonary functional changes at rest and after exercise in adult rats following local heart irradiation with single x-ray doses of 15, 17.5 or 20 Gy, and in non-irradiated control animals. Rats that had undergone a chronic exercise program were ...
Ueno N - - 1990
After the lens is removed in cataract surgery, the vitreous presumably receives all of the ambient 300-nm light that has filtered through the cornea. Using this model for aphakic eyes, we progressively irradiated intact vitreous samples of a 49-year-old human with 300-nm light and monitored changes in absorption, fluorescence, and ...
Kalfas S - - 1990
Caries-related bacteriological and biochemical factors were studied in 12 persons with low and 11 persons with normal salivary-secretion rates before and after a four-week period of frequent mouthrinses with 10% sorbitol solution (adaptation period). After the adaptation period, an increase in total numbers of sorbitol-fermenting bacteria and mutans streptococci was ...
Simpson K W - - 1990
The influence of pancreatic secretions on the bacterial flora of the small intestine in 6 dogs was investigated by determining effects of exocrine pancreatic insufficiency on numbers and types of bacteria in duodenal juice, and by examining the subsequent response to dietary supplementation with bovine pancreatic extract. Exocrine pancreatic insufficiency ...
Oliveby A - - 1990
Ten subjects rinsed with a 20% (0.58 M) sucrose solution with or without 0.2% NaF (905 parts/10(6) F-) added in two separate experiments. Saliva and plaque were collected before rinsing and after 2, 5, 10 and 30 min. Sucrose and fluoride concentrations in saliva and acid anion and fluoride concentrations ...
Beighton D - - 1990
Sensitive fluorogenic assays were used to compare the protease activities of fluid collected from eight such sites in each of 21 adult patients with gingivitis and 22 with periodontitis. The degradation of N-carbobenzoxy-gly-gly-arginine-AMC, L-arginine-AMC, glyproline-AMC, L-leucine-AMC, N-alpha-benzoyl-L-arginine-AMC, N-[p-toluenesulphonyl]-gly-pro-arginine-AMC, N-tert-butoxycarbonyl-leu-ser-thr-arginine-AMC, N-tert-butoxycarbonyl-ileu-glut-gly-arginine-AMC and N-tert-butoxycarbonyl-val-leu-lysine-AMC was significantly greater by fluid from the periodontitis ...
Fuchs P - - 1990
The effect of ionizing radiation (137Cs) on processing and transport of ribosomal RNA (rRNA) was studied by pulse-labeling HeLa S3 cells with [3H]uridine immediately prior to irradiation. This approach permits kinetic analysis of processing of 45 S rRNA (radiolabeled predominantly prior to irradiation) into its 28 S and 18 S ...
Ryde S J - - 1989
A novel clinical instrument for multi-element in vivo neutron activation analysis has been recently constructed in Swansea. The instrument is intended primarily for prompt gamma measurement of total and partial body calcium, total body nitrogen and partial body cadmium. For the measurement of nitrogen the subject is scanned both prone ...
Singh S M - - 1989
A 6-week, double-blind, clinical study was conducted to determine the effect on plaque formation of a dentifrice containing 0.3% triclosan and 2% of a copolymer of methoxyethylene and maleic acid as compared to a placebo dentifrice. Ninety-one male and female adult subjects with baseline Quigley-Hein Plaque Index scores of 1.5 ...
Danielsen B - - 1989
This study was conducted in order to investigate the dynamics of the gingival inflammatory status during periods of plaque accumulation and thorough oral hygiene. After a period of prophylaxis, 42 volunteers were asked to abstain from all oral hygiene measures for 2 weeks, whereafter oral hygiene was reinstituted. In the ...
Ciancio S G - - 1989
Sixty-six adults were examined in a double-bind study which examined the effect of an antimicrobial agent delivered by an oral irrigating device. Each subject received a randomized half mouth dental prophylaxis. The Gingival Index, gingival crevicular fluid volume, Plaque Index, Modified Papillary Bleeding Index, probing pocket depth, and probing attachment ...
Padmadisastra Y - - 1989
Bagasse is an unused by-product in cane sugar manufacture. Bagasse from sugar cane manually harvested in Indonesia was transformed to pulp by mechanical means and repeated autoclaving in 1.4% NaOH. It was then subjected to cycles of bleaching with hypochlorite and acid hydrolysis with 2.5 M HCl to produce 'microcrystalline' ...
Takagi J - - 1989
The sterility of total parenteral nutrient (TPN) solutions stored at room temperature for up to seven days after preparation was studied. The study was conducted in two parts. In part 1, a positive control phase was conducted to validate that the filter set would capture bacteria or fungi in the ...
Berg M - - 1989
We have evaluated the effect of shortwave ultraviolet radiation on bacterial levels in an operating theatre, both in experimental conditions and during 20 hip operations. When compared with the use of sham blue light, there was a significant reduction in the number of bacteria. The reduced level was comparable with ...
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