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Ehrenkranz N J - - 1991
OBJECTIVE: The study was designed to compare the efficacies of bland soap handwash and isopropyl alcohol hand rinse in preventing transfer of aerobic gram-negative bacilli to urinary catheters via transient hand colonization acquired from direct patient contact. Glove juice recovery of gram-negative bacteria was considered transient colonization; catheter recovery was ...
Carr K E - - 1991
Previous work has shown that irradiation produces changes in small intestinal villous shape, which can be quantified using a villous scoring system applied to scanning electron micrographs. It has already been shown that reserpine, which, like irradiation, increases gastrointestinal motility, produces a similar type of villous collapse, thereby supporting the ...
Ernst A - - 1991
To investigate whether high-intensity ultrasound can destroy atherosclerotic plaques while sparing the normal arterial wall, 279 normal human aortic sites and 119 fibrous and 193 calcified plaques, obtained from 24 necropsies, were insonified in a water tank, at 20 kHz and at 5 different power intensities, ranging from 68 W/cm2 ...
Hanioka T - - 1991
The purpose of this study was to determine if functional changes in the human gingival vasculature were reversible following the resolution of gingival inflammation. Ten patients with 40 inflamed gingival sites were evaluated before and 2 weeks after the completion of treatment. We determined the hemoglobin concentration and the oxygen ...
Knight P - - 1991
The excitation of fluorophores in the vicinity of a myofibril stops both shortening in the presence of ATP and Ca2+, and the extraction of the A-band by NaCl in the presence of Mg pyrophosphate. Shortening is more quickly affected than extraction. These effects can be induced by fluorescently-tagged antibodies bound ...
Lang N P - - 1991
The present study was designed to determine the threshold pressure value to be applied in provoking bleeding on probing (BOP) in clinically healthy gingival units. 12 female dental hygiene students volunteered for the study. They were selected on the basis of excellent oral hygiene standards, absence of probing depths greater ...
Huizinga E D - - 1991
Caries in exposed root surfaces is becoming a significant problem in dentistry. Varnish applications have interesting preventive possibilities against root caries. The effect of such a varnish, containing two antimicrobials, was studied on the demineralisation of roots with a twofold aim. Firstly, the efficacy of the varnish was investigated in ...
Grootveld M - - 1991
Proton Hahn spin-echo n.m.r. spectroscopy was employed to detect abnormal metabolites present in rheumatoid synovial fluid that are derived from the deleterious generation of reactive oxygen radical species during exercise of the inflamed rheumatoid joint. A resonance attributable to a low-molecular-mass N-acetylglucosamine-containing oligosaccharide formed by the oxygen-radical-mediated depolymerization of synovial-fluid ...
Duckworth R M - - 1991
In a recent clinical trial of sodium monofluorophosphate dentifrices, oral rinsing habits were found to influence dental caries. Thus an oral fluoride clearance study has been undertaken which was designed to test a possible mechanism for the observed effects. Eight subjects brushed with one of the trial dentifrices and then ...
Fernández-Britto J E - - 1991
In 2043 autopsies divided into the high (HAG) and low (LAG) atherosclerosis group a set of variables of a new atherometric system (AS) was used to characterize the atherosclerotic lesion (AL) in the circle of Willis arteries: fatty streaks (X), fibrous plaques (Y), severe plaques (Z), index of stenosis (P) ...
Ho C S - - 1990
n-Hexadecane was added to fermentation media to increase the medium oxygen solubilities, thus enhancing oxygen transfer rates in penicillin fermentations. For shake flask fermentations, cells were found to grow faster in the flasks with n-hexadecane than those without. The addition of n-hexadecane to penicillin fermentations was shown to significantly increase ...
Trnovec T - - 1990
Ionizing radiation can impair the integrity of the blood brain barrier (BBB). Data on early and late damage after brain irradiation are usually reported separately, yet a gradual transition between these two types has become evident. Signs appearing within 3 weeks after irradiation are considered to be early manifestations. The ...
Machtei E E - - 1990
Gingival recession is a manifestation of periodontal breakdown. Plaque microorganisms are the primary aetiological factor, but other secondary conditions are also associated with its presence. This study examined the hypothesis that localized gingival recession is more prevalent in open-bite cases. The study included 26 children with untreated anterior open bite ...
Scheibner A - - 1990
The Q-switched ruby laser was used to treat 101 amateur and 62 professional tattoos in 80 patients over a period of 22 months. Using a 5- to 8-mm spot size and energy fluences of 2-4 joules/cm2, an average of three retreatments resulted in complete pigment removal in four, nearly complete ...
Lang N P - - 1990
Following active periodontal therapy, 41 patients were incorporated in a maintenance program for 2 1/2 years with recall intervals varying between 2-6 months. At the beginning of each maintenance visit, the periodontal tissues were evaluated using "bleeding on probing" (BOP). Reinstrumentation was only performed at sites which bled on probing. ...
Rotter M L - - 1990
The antimicrobial efficacy of three 'two-phase' surgical hand disinfection procedures was compared, in a volunteer study, to 60% n-propanol, applied for 5 min, which is the reference hand-disinfection procedure used in Austria and West Germany (FRG). The procedures involved sequential use of unmedicated soap or a disinfectant-detergent containing 4% chlorhexidine ...
Howell T H - - 1990
The effect of zinc sulfadiazine (ZnSD) and silver sulfadiazine (AgSD) on developing plaque formation and gingivitis was studied in 12 beagle dogs over a 14-week period. Plaque and gingival indices were used to measure plaque formation and gingivitis. During a 2-wk baseline period each dog was brought to optimal gingival ...
Mahmoud W M - - 1990
The rate and extent of microbial transformation of higher concentrations of benzaldehyde substrate to L-phenylacetyl carbinol (L-PAC) by immobilized cells of Saccharomyces cerevisiae ATCC 834 was markedly stimulated by addition of different concentrations of beta-cyclodextrin (BCD) to the fermentation medium. With 0.5, 1.0, and 1.5% BCD in the fermentation medium ...
Matsumoto T - - 1990
Distributions of thermal neutron fluence and capture gamma ray absorbed dose rates were evaluated, taking into consideration various physical factors relevant to boron neutron capture therapy. The use of a larger neutron irradiation aperture was associated with an increase in thermal neutron fluence and capture gamma ray absorbed dose rates. ...
Geist B J - - 1990
Noninvasive methods have been used to study the long-term cardiovascular and pulmonary functional changes at rest and after exercise in adult rats following local heart irradiation with single x-ray doses of 15, 17.5 or 20 Gy, and in non-irradiated control animals. Rats that had undergone a chronic exercise program were ...
Ueno N - - 1990
After the lens is removed in cataract surgery, the vitreous presumably receives all of the ambient 300-nm light that has filtered through the cornea. Using this model for aphakic eyes, we progressively irradiated intact vitreous samples of a 49-year-old human with 300-nm light and monitored changes in absorption, fluorescence, and ...
Kalfas S - - 1990
Caries-related bacteriological and biochemical factors were studied in 12 persons with low and 11 persons with normal salivary-secretion rates before and after a four-week period of frequent mouthrinses with 10% sorbitol solution (adaptation period). After the adaptation period, an increase in total numbers of sorbitol-fermenting bacteria and mutans streptococci was ...
Simpson K W - - 1990
The influence of pancreatic secretions on the bacterial flora of the small intestine in 6 dogs was investigated by determining effects of exocrine pancreatic insufficiency on numbers and types of bacteria in duodenal juice, and by examining the subsequent response to dietary supplementation with bovine pancreatic extract. Exocrine pancreatic insufficiency ...
Oliveby A - - 1990
Ten subjects rinsed with a 20% (0.58 M) sucrose solution with or without 0.2% NaF (905 parts/10(6) F-) added in two separate experiments. Saliva and plaque were collected before rinsing and after 2, 5, 10 and 30 min. Sucrose and fluoride concentrations in saliva and acid anion and fluoride concentrations ...
Beighton D - - 1990
Sensitive fluorogenic assays were used to compare the protease activities of fluid collected from eight such sites in each of 21 adult patients with gingivitis and 22 with periodontitis. The degradation of N-carbobenzoxy-gly-gly-arginine-AMC, L-arginine-AMC, glyproline-AMC, L-leucine-AMC, N-alpha-benzoyl-L-arginine-AMC, N-[p-toluenesulphonyl]-gly-pro-arginine-AMC, N-tert-butoxycarbonyl-leu-ser-thr-arginine-AMC, N-tert-butoxycarbonyl-ileu-glut-gly-arginine-AMC and N-tert-butoxycarbonyl-val-leu-lysine-AMC was significantly greater by fluid from the periodontitis ...
Fuchs P - - 1990
The effect of ionizing radiation (137Cs) on processing and transport of ribosomal RNA (rRNA) was studied by pulse-labeling HeLa S3 cells with [3H]uridine immediately prior to irradiation. This approach permits kinetic analysis of processing of 45 S rRNA (radiolabeled predominantly prior to irradiation) into its 28 S and 18 S ...
Ryde S J - - 1989
A novel clinical instrument for multi-element in vivo neutron activation analysis has been recently constructed in Swansea. The instrument is intended primarily for prompt gamma measurement of total and partial body calcium, total body nitrogen and partial body cadmium. For the measurement of nitrogen the subject is scanned both prone ...
Singh S M - - 1989
A 6-week, double-blind, clinical study was conducted to determine the effect on plaque formation of a dentifrice containing 0.3% triclosan and 2% of a copolymer of methoxyethylene and maleic acid as compared to a placebo dentifrice. Ninety-one male and female adult subjects with baseline Quigley-Hein Plaque Index scores of 1.5 ...
Danielsen B - - 1989
This study was conducted in order to investigate the dynamics of the gingival inflammatory status during periods of plaque accumulation and thorough oral hygiene. After a period of prophylaxis, 42 volunteers were asked to abstain from all oral hygiene measures for 2 weeks, whereafter oral hygiene was reinstituted. In the ...
Ciancio S G - - 1989
Sixty-six adults were examined in a double-bind study which examined the effect of an antimicrobial agent delivered by an oral irrigating device. Each subject received a randomized half mouth dental prophylaxis. The Gingival Index, gingival crevicular fluid volume, Plaque Index, Modified Papillary Bleeding Index, probing pocket depth, and probing attachment ...
Padmadisastra Y - - 1989
Bagasse is an unused by-product in cane sugar manufacture. Bagasse from sugar cane manually harvested in Indonesia was transformed to pulp by mechanical means and repeated autoclaving in 1.4% NaOH. It was then subjected to cycles of bleaching with hypochlorite and acid hydrolysis with 2.5 M HCl to produce 'microcrystalline' ...
Takagi J - - 1989
The sterility of total parenteral nutrient (TPN) solutions stored at room temperature for up to seven days after preparation was studied. The study was conducted in two parts. In part 1, a positive control phase was conducted to validate that the filter set would capture bacteria or fungi in the ...
Berg M - - 1989
We have evaluated the effect of shortwave ultraviolet radiation on bacterial levels in an operating theatre, both in experimental conditions and during 20 hip operations. When compared with the use of sham blue light, there was a significant reduction in the number of bacteria. The reduced level was comparable with ...
Kashket S - - 1989
Measurements were made of the effect of chewing sorbitol gum on the intra-oral demineralization induced by rinsing with 10% sucrose solutions. Blocks of bovine enamel were covered with a layer of Streptococcus mutans IB1600, and mounted on palatal appliances that were worn by five subjects for defined periods of time. ...
Faulkner D J - - 1989
The authors tested whether gallstone fragmentation with a tunable dye laser would speed dissolution with methyl tert-butyl ether (MTBE) and allow successful in vitro dissolution of calcified stones. Twelve sets of three stones matched for size and weight were obtained from 11 surgically resected human gallbladders and one common bile ...
Yamamoto J - - 1989
The effect of physical training on thrombotic tendency was assessed in rats. Exercise was done on a flat treadmill for 30 min at a rate of 1,400 m/h (submaximal speed), 5 times a week for either 1.5 or 3 months. The thrombotic tendency was measured by the He-Ne laser-induced thrombus ...
Weatherell J A - - 1989
Using glucose as a marker, a detailed study of retention at 5 different sites in the mouth of 1 subject and a less detailed examination of 4 selected sites in the mouths of 10 other subjects revealed site-specific differential patterns of oral retention (or clearance). These patterns seemed independent of ...
Aly R - - 1988
Chlorhexidine gluconate (Hibiclens), povidone-iodine (E-Z Scrub 201), and chloroxylenol (ParaSoft) sponge-brushes were compared for antibacterial efficacy in 2-minute surgical scrubs. Thirty-nine volunteers completed a 7-day baseline period and a 5-day treatment period. Thirteen participants were assigned to a chlorhexidine group, 12 to a povidone-iodine group, and 14 to a chloroxylenol ...
Boon M E - - 1988
Formaldehyde is the most commonly used fixative in pathology laboratories. However, due to time pressures, this fixative is often not optimally exploited. The majority of biopsies are only partly fixed when histoprocessing is started, with adverse effects. This paper reports how formaldehyde fixation is improved, by using 1.5 min of ...
Login G R - - 1988
It was demonstrated that microwave energy used simultaneously in combination with low concentrations of glutaraldehyde (0.05%) and formaldehyde (2.0%) rapidly preserved light microscopic histology and excellent fine structural details, as well as a variety of cytoplasmic and membrane-bound antigens. Specimen blocks up to 1 cm3 can be fixed in as ...
Hartman P E - - 1988
Bacteriophages P22, T4+, and T4os (osmotic shock-resistant mutant with altered capsids) were diluted in 0.85% NaCl and exposed to gamma irradiation (2.79 Gy/min) at room temperature (24 degrees C). T4+ was more sensitive to inactivation than was P22, and the T4os mutant was even more sensitive than T4+. Catalase exhibited ...
Wong K K - - 1988
Steam explosion after sulphur dioxide impregnation of wood chips is an effective method for improving the enzymatic digestibility of cellulose in the softwood Pinus radiata. Digestibility of pretreated fiber was progressively increased by altering the conditions of steam explosion. With increasing digestibility, there was an observed increase in fiber porosity ...
McFall W T WT - - 1987
Four test dentifrices were evaluated in a double-blind investigation to determine their effect on dentinal sensitivity in 87 adult human participants. Baseline data were obtained by patient questionnaire, dental examination and by soliciting subjective responses to controlled osmotic, thermal and tactile stimuli. The four dentifrices were: (1) a placebo dentifrice, ...
Chew S - - 1987
Recent studies reporting UVA (ultraviolet A radiation 320-380 nm) as an integral part of the cumulative sun-induced damage in human skin have prompted an interest in developing effective UVA photoprotective agents. The development of such compounds has been impeded by the absence of a clinically relevant animal model for evaluating ...
Chen M - - 1987
Spores, sporeforming vegetative cells, and asporogenous populations were enumerated in two semicontinuous anaerobic fermentors digesting municipal primary sludge at 35 and 55 degrees C for more than 87 days. In the 35 degrees C fermentor, the anaerobic total population was 312.5 X 10(6)/ml, with 25.0 X 10(6)/ml being sporogenous. The ...
Wennström J L - - 1987
The purpose of this study was to longitudinally monitor changes in the position of the soft tissue margin at 26 buccal sites surgically deprived of all gingival tissue. A baseline examination carried out 6 months after treatment revealed that the sites to be monitored were lacking or had only a ...
Peschel G - - 1987
Unconventional and highly unexpected results in the Comorosan Effect have been obtained in a photographic study using N-methyl-4-aminophenol (metol) as the developer. Before dissolving the developer was irradiated with green light (lambda = 546 nm) for various distinct periods of time (5, 10 and 15 seconds). A significant difference was ...
Pearse A D - - 1987
We have demonstrated previously that following UVB irradiation to normal volunteers there is an increase in epidermal and stratum corneum thickness and an increase in the thymidine autoradiographic labeling index. These changes are coupled with alterations in epidermal glucose-6-phosphate dehydrogenase and succinic dehydrogenase activities, despite the absence of erythema clinically. ...
Hoff J C - - 1986
Drinking water disinfection provides the final barrier to transmission of a wide variety of potentially waterborne infectious agents including pathogenic bacteria, viruses, and protozoa. These agents differ greatly in their innate resistance to inactivation by disinfectants, ranging from extremely sensitive bacteria to highly resistant protozoan cysts. The close similarity between ...
Hoffman A - - 1986
A method is described for simultaneous microscopic observation of individual microcapsule core material dissolution together with quantitative measurement of the individual kinetics of release of the contents. These may be conductimetric in the case of ionized materials or spectrophotometric otherwise. This enables correlation of changes in core surface area during ...
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