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Colao Annamaria A Dipartimento di Medicina Clinica e Chirurgia, Università di Napoli "Federico II", via S. Pansini 5, 80131, Naples, Italy, - - 2014
Purpose: The aim of this study is to investigate in a population of adolescents living in Regione Campania, undergoing sun exposure at least 9 months per year the prevalence of severe deficiency (<20 ng/ml) or insufficiency (21-29 ng/ml) of 25-Hydroxyvitamin D (25(OH)D) levels and its relationship with individual body weight, use of smoking, ...
Paulsen G G Department of Physical Performance, Norwegian School of Sport Sciences, Oslo, Norway Norwegian Olympic Federation, Oslo, Norway - - 2014
Aim: This study investigates the effects of vitamin C and E supplementation on acute responses and adaptations to strength training. Method: Thirty-two recreationally strength trained men and women were randomly allocated to receive a vitamin C and E supplement (1000 mg/d and 235 mg/d, respectively) or placebo for 10 weeks. During this ...
Theodorou Anastasios A AA Department of Health Sciences, European University Cyprus, Nicosia, - - 2014
The current interpretative framework states that, for a certain experimental treatment (usually a chemical substance) to be classified as "anti-oxidant", it must possess the property of reducing (or even nullifying) exercise-induced oxidative stress. The aim of the study was to compare side by side, in the same experimental setup, redox ...
Delaney Christopher L - - 2014
Presence of numerous diet responsive comorbidities and high atherosclerotic burden among adults with intermittent claudication demands attention is given to diet in an effort to delay progression of peripheral artery disease. The aim of this study was to compare diet of adults with intermittent claudication: (a) against dietary recommendations; (b) ...
Xu Zi Z Key Laboratory of Animal Physiology, Biochemistry and Molecular Biology of Hebei Province, College of Life Science, Hebei Normal University, Shijiazhuang, 050024, Hebei Province, People's Republic of - - 2014
To investigate the effect of iron liposome supplementation, a rat model of exercise-associated anemia was established by subjecting the animals to high-intensity running exercises for 4 weeks. Rats with confirmed anemia were strenuously exercised for another 2 weeks while receiving iron supplements by intragastric administration of ferric ammonium citrate (FAC) liposomes or ...
Cumming Kristoffer T KT Department of Physical Performance, Norwegian School of Sport Sciences, Oslo, - - 2014
Reactive oxygen and nitrogen species are important signal molecules for adaptations to training. Due to the antioxidant properties of vitamin C and E, supplementation has been shown to blunt adaptations to endurance training. In this study, we investigated the effects of vitamin C and E supplementation and endurance training on ...
Karakilcik A Z AZ Department of Physiology, Faculty of Medicine Harran University, Sanliurfa, Turkey - - - 2014
Exercise may increase production of reactive oxygen species (ROS) enhancing oxidative stress. Antioxidants can efficiently scavenge ROS before they initiate oxidative damage of biomolecules such as enzymes, nucleic acids, lipids and lipoproteins in the body. Vitamin C, an important antioxidant, may affect oxidative stress in living organism. Therefore, this study ...
Ranadive Sushant M SM Mayo Clinic - - 2014
Hyperoxia can cause substantial reductions in peripheral and coronary blood flow at rest and during exercise, which may be caused by reactive oxygen species (ROS) generated during hyperoxia. The aim of this study was to investigate the role of ROS in hyperoxia-induced reductions in skeletal muscle blood flow during forearm ...
Williams Gavin G From the Department of Physiotherapy, University of Melbourne, Parkville (GW, KP); Physiotherapy Department, Epworth Hospital, Richmond (GW); School of Exercise Science, Australian Catholic University, Fitzroy (RAC, JH, KP); and Walk On Melbourne, Whitten Oval Sporting Complex, West Footscray (JH), Victoria, - - 2014
Conventional methods for strength training in neurologic rehabilitation are not task specific for walking. Ballistic strength training was developed to improve the functional transfer of strength training; however, no research has investigated this in neurologic populations. The aim of this pilot study was to evaluate the feasibility of applying ballistic ...
Kim Yeun Joon - - 2014
There is growing evidence that the combination of non-invasive brain stimulation and motor skill training is an effective new treatment option in neurorehabilitation. We investigated the beneficial effects of the application of transcranial direct current stimulation (tDCS) combined with virtual reality (VR) motor training. In total, 15 healthy, right-handed volunteers ...
Yoon Ji-Yeon JY Motion Analysis Laboratory, INJE University Haeundae Paik Hospital, Busan, Republic of - - 2014
Previous studies that investigated mobilization with movement (MWM) treatment assessed only improvements in passive range of motion (ROM). No information is currently available regarding the efficacy of modified MWM by application of tape. Therefore, we investigated the effect of uphill walking with modified MWM using tape applied to the talocrural ...
Johnson-Glenberg Mina C MC Learning Sciences Institute, Arizona State University , Tempe, Arizona. ; T. Denny School of Social and Family Dynamics, Arizona State University , Tempe, - - 2014
Objective: A feasibility study was run on an embodied exergame designed to teach 4th-12th grade students about nutrition and several U.S. Department of Agriculture (USDA) MyPlate guidelines. The study assessed efficacy on a new version of a game that was first implemented on an immersive platform and published in this ...
Hostrup M M Department of Nutrition, Exercise & Sports, Section of Integrated Physiology, University of Copenhagen, Copenhagen, Denmark; Respiratory Research Unit, Bispebjerg University Hospital, Copenhagen, - - 2014
Our objective was to investigate effects of acute and 2-week administration of oral salbutamol on repeated sprint ability, exercise performance, and muscle strength in elite endurance athletes. Twenty male elite athletes [VO2max : 69.4 ± 1.8 (Mean ± SE) mL/min/kg], aged 25.9 ± 1.4 years, were included in a randomized, double-blinded and placebo-controlled parallel study. At ...
Rangarathnam Balaji B Department of Communication Sciences and Disorders, East Carolina University, 600, Moye Blvd., Mailstop 668, Greenville, NC, 27834, USA, - - 2014
The objective of this review is to gather available evidence regarding the role of the cerebellum in swallowing-related functions. We reviewed literature on cerebellar functions related to healthy swallowing, patterns of dysphagia in individuals with cerebellar lesions, and the role of the cerebellum in therapeutic intervention of neurogenic dysphagia since ...
Elisabet Nilsagård Ylva NY Centre for Health Care Sciences, Örebro County Council, Box 1324, 701 13 Örebro; School of Medicine and Health, Örebro University , Sweden. Electronic address: - - 2014
To evaluate the effects of a balance exercise program on falls in people with mild-to-moderate multiple sclerosis (MS). Multi-center, single-blinded single group pretest posttest trial. Seven rehabilitation units within five county councils. Community-dwelling adults with MS (N=32) able to walk 100 meters but unable to maintain 30-second tandem stance with ...
Rackow Pamela P University of Zurich, - - 2014
Background: The role of social support in physical exercise is well documented. However, the majority of studies that investigate the associations between social support and physical exercise target perceived instead of received social support. Moreover, most studies investigate the effects of received social support using a descriptive correlational design. Thus, ...
Lee Jehoon J Department of Physical Therapy, Sahmyook University, Republic of - - 2014
[Purpose] The purpose of this study was to determine the effect of a weight-bearing therapeutic exercise program for elite athletes diagnosed as having patellofemoral pain syndrome (PFPS). [Subjects] The subjects were 34 elite athletes from the Seoul T Center. They were randomly allocated to three groups: an elastic band exercise ...
Gothe Neha P NP Department of Kinesiology and Community Health, University of Illinois at Urbana-Champaign, 906 S. Goodwin Ave, Urbana, IL, 61801, USA, - - 2014
The use of multimedia to influence health behaviors offers unique advantages over more traditional center-based programs, however, little is known about the effectiveness of such approaches in improving physical activity levels over time. The purpose of this study was to examine the efficacy of a progressive and age-appropriate, DVD-delivered exercise ...
Haydari Sakineh S Laboratory of Animal Addiction Models, Research Center and Department of Physiology, School of Medicine, Semnan University of Medical Sciences, Semnan, - - 2014
Exposure to morphine during pregnancy produced long-term effects in offspring behaviors. Recent studies have shown that voluntary exercise decreases the severity of anxiety behaviors in both morphine-dependent and withdrawn rats. Thus, the aims of the present study were to examine whether maternal exercise decreases prenatal dependence-induced anxiety and also, voluntary ...
Nascimento Lucas R LR Faculty of Health Sciences, The University of Sydney, Sydney, NSW, - - 2014
To examine the strength deficits of the shoulder complex after stroke and to characterize the pattern of weakness according to type of movement and type of isokinetic parameter. Twelve chronic stroke survivors and 12 age-matched healthy controls had their shoulder strength measured using a Biodex isokinetic dynamometer. Concentric measures of ...
Mark Burden Adrian A Manchester Metropolitan University, UK. Electronic address: - - 2014
Numerous ways exist to process raw electromyograms (EMGs). However, the effect of altering processing methods on peak and mean EMG has seldom been investigated. The aim of this study was to investigate the effect of using different root mean square (RMS) window lengths and overlaps on the amplitude, reliability and ...
Pahwa Rajesh R A National Parkinson Foundation Center of Excellence, University of Kansas Medical Center, Kansas City, Kansas, - - 2014
This review summarizes currently available treatment options and treatment strategies, investigational treatments, and the importance of exercise for early Parkinson's disease. The available treatment options for early Parkinson's disease have changed little in the past decade and include carbidopa/levodopa, dopamine agonists, and monoamine oxidase type B (MAO-B) inhibitors. However, we ...
Meamarbashi Abbas A Department of Physical Education and Sports Sciences, University of Mohaghegh Ardabili, Ardabil, - - 2014
Delayed-onset muscle soreness (DOMS) often occurs after unaccustomed eccentric exercise and reduces exercise performance. We aimed to study the preventive effects of saffron and indomethacin on the biochemical and functional indicators of DOMS after 1-session eccentric exercise. A 10-day, randomized, double-blind, placebo-controlled, pretest-posttest design. Controlled research laboratory. Thirty-nine nonactive male ...
Geraedts Hilde Ae - - 2014
With the number of older adults in society rising, frailty becomes an increasingly prevalent health condition. Regular physical activity can prevent functional decline and reduce frailty symptoms. In particular, home-based exercise programs can be beneficial in reducing frailty of older adults and fall risk, and in improving associated physiological parameters. ...
Mokhtarizaer Amin A Laboratory of Learning and Memory, Research Center and Department of Physiology, School of Medicine, Semnan University of Medical Sciences, Semnan, - - 2014
Chronic exposure to morphine results in cognitive deficits and alterations of apoptotic proteins in favor of cell death in the hippocampus, a brain region critically involved in learning and memory. Physical activity has been shown to have beneficial effects on brain health. In the current work, we examined the effects ...
Barwood M J MJ Dept. of Sport and Exercise Science, University of Portsmouth, Spinnaker Building, Portsmouth, U.K. - - - 2014
L-Menthol stimulates cutaneous thermoreceptors and induces cool sensations improving thermal comfort but has also been linked to heat storage responses. Therefore, L-Menthol application could lead to a conflict in behavioural and thermoregulatory drivers improving comfort but leading to a higher rate of deep body temperature rise; the present study examined ...
Danaher Jessica J College of Health and Biomedicine, Victoria University, Melbourne, - - 2014
β-alanine (BAl) and NaHCO3 (SB) ingestion may provide performance benefits by enhancing concentrations of their respective physiochemical buffer counterparts, muscle carnosine and blood bicarbonate, counteracting acidosis during intense exercise. This study examined the effect of BAl and SB co-supplementation as an ergogenic strategy during high-intensity exercise. Eight healthy males ingested ...
Bale Jeffrey M JM Jeffrey M. Bale, MPH, and Julie A. Gazmararian, PhD, MPH, are with the Department of Epidemiology, and Lisa Elon, MS, MPH, is with Department of Biostatistics and Bioinformatics, Rollins School of Public Health, Emory University, Atlanta, - - 2014
Abstract Purpose . To determine whether workload, job satisfaction, and flexible schedules are predictive of using time at work to exercise. Design . The study design was the quantitative analysis of the time at work to exercise intervention of a cluster-randomized controlled trial. Setting . The study took place at ...
Harbili Erbil E Selcuk University, School of Physical Education and Sports, Alaeddin Keykubat Campus , Konya, - - 2014
The purpose of the study was to compare the linear kinematics of the barbell and the angular kinematics of the lower limb during the snatch lifts of two different barbell weights in elite male adolescent weightlifters. In the national team level, nine elite male adolescent weightlifters participated in the study. ...
Thangavel Dinesh D Assistant Professor, Department of Physiology, Vinayaka Mission's Medical College , Karaikal, India - - 2014
Pranayama has been assigned very important role in yogic system of exercises and is said to be much more important than yogasanas for keeping sound health. Also different pranayamas produce divergent physiological effects. To study the effect of 12 weeks training of slow and fast pranayama on handgrip strength and ...
Eijsvogels T M H TM Department of Physiology, Radboud University Medical Center, Nijmegen, The - - 2014
Exercise-induced increase in core body temperature may lead to the development of hyperthermia (>40.0°C) and/or decreased performance levels. This study examined the effects of wearing a cooling vest during a 5-km time trial on thermoregulatory responses and performance. 10 male masters athletes (42±10 years) performed a 5-km time trial on ...
Matta Thiago T TT Biomedical Engineering Program, COPPE, Federal University of Rio de Janeiro, Rio de Janeiro, Brazil; School of Physical Education and Sports, Laboratory of Biomechanics, Federal University of Rio de Janeiro, Rio de Janeiro, - - 2014
This study aimed to determine the architectural changes of rectus femoris muscle at distinctive sites of the thigh length after two different 14-week resistance training programmes. Thirty-five untrained men were randomly allocated into three different groups: conventional resistance training (n = 12), isokinetic training (n = 12) and control (n = 11). Rectus femoris cross-sectional area, ...
Frizziero Antonio A Department of Physical and Rehabilitation Medicine, University of Padova, - - 2014
IntroductionSports injuries frequently involve tendons, muscles and ligaments. The variable outcome of surgery and medical treatment support early functional treatments. Eccentric exercise (EE) showed effectiveness in the management of Achilles tendinopathy (AT), patellar tendinopathy (PT) and lateral epicondyle tendinopathy (LET). Preliminary results of EE in other tendinopathies and sports injuries ...
Lee Hopin H Centre for Physiotherapy Research, University of Otago, New Zealand; Neuroscience Research Australia (NeuRA), Australia; School of Medical Sciences, University of New South Wales, Australia. Electronic address: - - 2014
To explore whether an exercise protocol, alone and in combination with two selected cognitive tasks related to working memory, provokes postconcussion-like symptoms in healthy individuals. Prospective single cohort semi-randomised crossover repeated measures (time×condition) design. 36 healthy individuals completed three submaximal exercise protocol conditions, namely: exercise alone, exercise with the paced ...
Ratamess Nicholas A NA Department of Health and Exercise Science, The College of New Jersey, Ewing, NJ - - 2014
The purpose of the present study was to examine the relationship between VO2 max and acute resistance exercise performance and the acute metabolic effects of exercise sequencing. Seventeen resistance-trained men were tested for VO2 max and one repetition-maximum (1RM) strength. Subjects were randomly assigned to either a group that performed ...
Jakobsen Markus D - - 2014
The prevalence and consequences of musculoskeletal pain is considerable among healthcare workers, allegedly due to high physical work demands of healthcare work. Previous investigations have shown promising results of physical exercise for relieving pain among different occupational groups, but the question remains whether such physical exercise should be performed at ...
Chang Yu-Kai YK Graduate Institute of Athletics and Coaching Science, National Taiwan Sport University, Taoyuan County, Taiwan, Republic of - - 2014
The purpose of this preliminary study was to examine whether an aquatic exercise intervention that involves both aerobic and coordinative exercises influences restraint inhibition in children with ADHD. Thirty participants were assigned to either an aquatic exercise or a wait-list control group. Participants were assessed by Go/Nogo Task and motor ...
Périard Julien D JD Athlete Health and Performance Research Centre, ASPETAR, Qatar Orthopaedic and Sports Medicine Hospital, , Doha, - - 2014
This study tested the hypothesis that impairments in lower limb maximal strength and voluntary activation (VA) are exacerbated following match-play tennis in hot compared with cool conditions. Torque and VA were evaluated during brief (5 s) and sustained (20 s) maximal voluntary isometric contractions of the knee extensors (KE) and ...
Messinis Spilios S School of Physical Education and Sport Sciences, Department of Aquatic Sports, University of Athens, - - 2014
The use of swimming aids during training contributes to greater swimming efficiency by the improvement of the swimming specific power of the athlete. The purpose of this study was to compare the swimming stroke technical characteristics and the physiological responses of swimming 100-m backstroke, with and without the use of ...
Dannecker Erin A EA Department of Physical Therapy, University of Missouri-Columbia, 801 Clark Hall, Columbia, MO, 65211-4250, USA, - - 2014
Literature on the pain relieving effects of exercise has been reviewed several times. It is equally important to review the literature on the pain-inducing effects of exercise. Indeed, exercise professionals, health care providers, and exercisers must grapple with the fact that exercise can both induce and reduce pain. The objective ...
Thadani Udho U Emeritus Professor of Medicine, University of Oklahoma Health Sciences Center, Consultant Cardiologist, Oklahoma University Medical Center and VA Medical Center, 920 Stanton L. Young Blvd., WP 3010, Oklahoma City, OK, 73104, USA, - - 2014
Nitrate therapy has been an effective treatment for ischemic heart disease for over 100 years. The anti-ischemic and exercise-promoting benefits of sublingually administered nitrates are well established. Nitroglycerin is indicated for the relief of an established attack of angina and for prophylactic use, but its effects are short lived. In ...
Stellingwerff Trent T a Canadian Sport Institute - Pacific, 4371 Interurban Road, Victoria, BC V9E 2C5, - - 2014
This systematic review examines the efficacy of carbohydrate (CHO) supplementation on exercise performance of varying durations. Included studies utilized an all-out or endurance-based exercise protocol (no team-based performance studies) and featured randomized interventions and placebo (water-only) trial for comparison against exclusively CHO trials (no other ingredients). Of the 61 included ...
Jeong Siwoo S Department of Physical Education, College of Sciences in Education, Yonsei University, Seoul, Republic of - - 2014
The objectives of this study was to investigate the acute effects of various magnitudes of tendon strain on the mechanical properties of the human medial gastrocnemius (MG) in vivo during controlled heel-drop exercises. Seven male and seven female volunteers performed two different exercises executed one month apart: one was a ...
Ku Jennifer J Cardiovascular Stress Response Laboratory, School of Kinesiology and Health Studies, Queen's University, Kingston, ON, K7L 3N6, - - 2014
The upper limit of brachial artery (BA) flow-mediated dilation (FMD) has not been thoroughly interrogated, and long duration occlusion + handgrip exercise may create larger shear stress stimuli than previous manipulations. To determine whether novel combinations of occlusion + handgrip exercise can extend the range of FMD stimulus-response relationship characterization and permit identification of ...
Kamp Carolin Friederike CF University of Cologne, Department of Child and Adolescent Psychiatry and - - 2014
This review summarises research studies on the impact and beneficial effects of different types of exercise on childhood Attention Deficit Hyperactivity Disorder (ADHD) and provides recommendations for the scientific and therapeutic communities. Conclusion. Although the design and the exercise interventions featured in these studies varied considerably, all showed that exercise ...
Furness Trentham - - 2014
Benefits of community-based whole-body vibration (WBV) as a mode of exercise training for people with chronic obstructive pulmonary disease (COPD) have not been investigated. The low skill demand of WBV may enhance habitual sustainability to physical activity by people with COPD, provided efficacy of WBV can be established. The purpose ...
Starmer Heather M HM Department of Otolaryngology - Head and Neck Surgery, Johns Hopkins Medical Institutions, Baltimore, Maryland, - - 2014
Swallowing difficulties are among the most problematic outcomes associated with head and neck cancer (HNCA) and the strategies employed to treat it. With a rising incidence of human papilloma virus-associated HNCA, a larger number of patients are expected to survive their cancer, and therefore will be more susceptible to long-term ...
Rethorst Chad D CD Department of Psychiatry, University of Texas Southwestern Medical - - 2014
The selection of a control condition in a randomized controlled trial (RCT) is critical in determining the effect of the experimental treatment. While the use of a placebo pill can be an ideal control in pharmaceutical trials, RCTs of behavioral interventions present unique challenges in the selection and implementation of ...
Healy Robin - - 2014
Warm-up protocols are commonly used to acutely enhance the performance of dynamic activities. This study examined the acute effect of low-load gluteal exercises on the biomechanics of single-leg drop jumps. Eight men and seven women (18-22 years old) performed 10 single-leg drop jumps on three separate days. The gluteal exercises ...
Cross Hugh - - 2014
A Delphi Exercise was undertaken with two objectives: (1) To ascertain whether operational definitions for WHO Disability Grading could be formulated by consensus. (2) To develop a set of simple guidelines based on those definitions for the guidance of health workers. Fifteen people with general expertise in prevention of disability ...
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