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Jakobsen Markus D - - 2014
The prevalence and consequences of musculoskeletal pain is considerable among healthcare workers, allegedly due to high physical work demands of healthcare work. Previous investigations have shown promising results of physical exercise for relieving pain among different occupational groups, but the question remains whether such physical exercise should be performed at ...
Ratamess Nicholas A NA Department of Health and Exercise Science, The College of New Jersey, Ewing, NJ - - 2014
The purpose of the present study was to examine the relationship between VO2 max and acute resistance exercise performance and the acute metabolic effects of exercise sequencing. Seventeen resistance-trained men were tested for VO2 max and one repetition-maximum (1RM) strength. Subjects were randomly assigned to either a group that performed ...
Chang Yu-Kai YK Graduate Institute of Athletics and Coaching Science, National Taiwan Sport University, Taoyuan County, Taiwan, Republic of - - 2014
The purpose of this preliminary study was to examine whether an aquatic exercise intervention that involves both aerobic and coordinative exercises influences restraint inhibition in children with ADHD. Thirty participants were assigned to either an aquatic exercise or a wait-list control group. Participants were assessed by Go/Nogo Task and motor ...
Duhig S S Queensland University of Technology, Brisbane, - - 2014
Hamstring strain injuries (HSI) are the most common injury within Australian football with reports showing no decrease in incidence over two decades. To compare differences of HSIs and eccentric hamstring strength, using a field-based testing device, between elite and sub-elite Australian footballers. A prospective cohort study. 2 football teams were ...
Kordosi S S Department of Physical Education and Sports, Democritus University of Thrace, Komotini, - - 2014
Cross-education (CE) is being studied for several decades and refers to the power transfer and proprioception in untrained limb after training of the homologous contralateral limb. To examine whether unilateral strengthening of lower limbs with Thera-Band(®) elastic resistance bands is beneficial also for the untrained contralateral limb in functional ability ...
Markovic G G School of Kinesiology, University of Zagreb, Zagreb, - - 2014
Delayed onset muscle soreness, induced by strenuous exercise, is one of the most common recurrent forms of sports injury and is associated with exercise-induced muscle damage (EIMD). We examined the effects of whole-body cryotherapy (WBC) on biochemical markers, pain, and performance parameters during a 5-day recovery period after a damaging ...
Gautrey C C University College Birmingham, Birmingham, United - - 2014
It has been reported that fatigue and stability deficits may be predispositions to musculoskeletal injury in functional ankle instability (FAI) sufferers. Analysis of subconscious time periods (initial 200 ms) may identify deficits in FAI sufferers that are not observed when analysing a conscious time frame. To determine whether FAI participants ...
Périard Julien D JD Athlete Health and Performance Research Centre, ASPETAR, Qatar Orthopaedic and Sports Medicine Hospital, , Doha, - - 2014
This study tested the hypothesis that impairments in lower limb maximal strength and voluntary activation (VA) are exacerbated following match-play tennis in hot compared with cool conditions. Torque and VA were evaluated during brief (5 s) and sustained (20 s) maximal voluntary isometric contractions of the knee extensors (KE) and ...
Dannecker Erin A EA Department of Physical Therapy, University of Missouri-Columbia, 801 Clark Hall, Columbia, MO, 65211-4250, USA, - - 2014
Literature on the pain relieving effects of exercise has been reviewed several times. It is equally important to review the literature on the pain-inducing effects of exercise. Indeed, exercise professionals, health care providers, and exercisers must grapple with the fact that exercise can both induce and reduce pain. The objective ...
Thadani Udho U Emeritus Professor of Medicine, University of Oklahoma Health Sciences Center, Consultant Cardiologist, Oklahoma University Medical Center and VA Medical Center, 920 Stanton L. Young Blvd., WP 3010, Oklahoma City, OK, 73104, USA, - - 2014
Nitrate therapy has been an effective treatment for ischemic heart disease for over 100 years. The anti-ischemic and exercise-promoting benefits of sublingually administered nitrates are well established. Nitroglycerin is indicated for the relief of an established attack of angina and for prophylactic use, but its effects are short lived. In ...
Jeong Siwoo S Department of Physical Education, College of Sciences in Education, Yonsei University, Seoul, Republic of - - 2014
The objectives of this study was to investigate the acute effects of various magnitudes of tendon strain on the mechanical properties of the human medial gastrocnemius (MG) in vivo during controlled heel-drop exercises. Seven male and seven female volunteers performed two different exercises executed one month apart: one was a ...
Ku Jennifer J Cardiovascular Stress Response Laboratory, School of Kinesiology and Health Studies, Queen's University, Kingston, ON, K7L 3N6, - - 2014
The upper limit of brachial artery (BA) flow-mediated dilation (FMD) has not been thoroughly interrogated, and long duration occlusion + handgrip exercise may create larger shear stress stimuli than previous manipulations. To determine whether novel combinations of occlusion + handgrip exercise can extend the range of FMD stimulus-response relationship characterization and permit identification of ...
Kamp Carolin Friederike CF University of Cologne, Department of Child and Adolescent Psychiatry and - - 2014
This review summarises research studies on the impact and beneficial effects of different types of exercise on childhood Attention Deficit Hyperactivity Disorder (ADHD) and provides recommendations for the scientific and therapeutic communities. Conclusion. Although the design and the exercise interventions featured in these studies varied considerably, all showed that exercise ...
Furness Trentham - - 2014
Benefits of community-based whole-body vibration (WBV) as a mode of exercise training for people with chronic obstructive pulmonary disease (COPD) have not been investigated. The low skill demand of WBV may enhance habitual sustainability to physical activity by people with COPD, provided efficacy of WBV can be established. The purpose ...
Starmer Heather M HM Department of Otolaryngology - Head and Neck Surgery, Johns Hopkins Medical Institutions, Baltimore, Maryland, - - 2014
Swallowing difficulties are among the most problematic outcomes associated with head and neck cancer (HNCA) and the strategies employed to treat it. With a rising incidence of human papilloma virus-associated HNCA, a larger number of patients are expected to survive their cancer, and therefore will be more susceptible to long-term ...
Rethorst Chad D CD Department of Psychiatry, University of Texas Southwestern Medical - - 2014
The selection of a control condition in a randomized controlled trial (RCT) is critical in determining the effect of the experimental treatment. While the use of a placebo pill can be an ideal control in pharmaceutical trials, RCTs of behavioral interventions present unique challenges in the selection and implementation of ...
Andrade Pedro Amarante PA Department of Biophysics, Faculty of Science, Palacky University, Olomouc, Czech Republic; Department of Speech and Language Therapy, The Royal National Throat, Nose and Ear Hospital, London, United Kingdom. Electronic address: - - 2014
Semi-occluded vocal tract exercises (SOVTE) are often used in voice clinics. SOVTE change the acoustic vocal tract impedance in relation to the glottis impedance, improving voice quality. However, differences among SOVTE, such as the number of vibration sources into the vocal tract, are often disregarded by clinicians. Some SOVTE present ...
Hostler David - - 2014
Abstract Purpose. Platelet aggregation is enhanced in firefighters following short bouts of work in thermal protective clothing (TPC). We sought to determine if aspirin therapy before and/or following exertion in TPC prevents platelet activation. Methods. In a double-blind, placebo-controlled study, 102 firefighters were randomized to receive daily therapy (81 mg aspirin ...
Talpey Scott S 1School of Health Sciences, University of Ballarat School of Health Sciences, University of Ballarat, - - 2014
The purpose of this study was to compare two instructions on the performance of selected variables in a jump squat (JS) exercise. A second purpose was to determine the relationships between JS variables and sprint performance. Eighteen males with resistance training experience performed two sets of four JS with no ...
Sands William A WA 1Professor, Department of Exercise and Sport Science, East Tennessee State University, Johnson City, TN 37601, 719.313.8915, sandsw@etsu.edu, wmasands@hotmail.com 2Dept PEHR, 200 Phys Ed. Bldg, Eastern Washington University, Cheney, WA 99004, USA, 509.359.2872 o, jeni_mcneal@hotmail.com 3Professor: Colorado Mesa University, Department of Kinesiology, 1100 North Avenue, Grand Junction, CO 81501-3122, USA, 970.248.1158 o smurray@coloradomesa.edu 4Professor: Department of Exercise and Sport Science, East Tennessee State University, Johnson City, TN 37614, USA, 423.439.5796 office - - 2014
Athlete recovery-adaptation is crucial to the progress and performance of highly trained athletes. The purpose of this study was to assess peristaltic pulse dynamic compression (PPDC) in reducing short-term pressure-to-pain threshold (PPT) among Olympic Training Center athletes following morning training. Muscular tenderness and stiffness are common symptoms of fatigue and ...
Peter W F WF Leiden University Medical Centre (LUMC), Leiden, the - - 2014
In a Dutch guideline on physiotherapy (PT) in hip and knee osteoarthritis, a number of recommendations on post-acute (i.e. after discharge from hospital) PT following total hip (THA) and total knee (TKA) arthroplasty were included. Little is known about the uptake of these recommendations in daily clinical practice. The aim ...
Koh Hyung-Woo HW Department of Physical Therapy, Graduate School of Physical Therapy, Daegu University, Republic of - - 2014
[Purpose] The purpose of this study was to examine the effects of hollowing and bracing exercises on cross-sectional areas of abdominal muscles. [Subjects] Thirty healthy female adults participated in this study. The exclusion criteria were orthopedic or neurologic diseases. [Methods] The subjects of this study were assigned randomly to one ...
Miloro Keri Vasquez - - 2014
PURPOSE The purpose of this study was to compare the biomechanics of the effortful pitch glide (EPG) to swallowing using dynamic MRI. The EPG is a combination of a pitch glide and pharyngeal squeeze maneuver for targeting laryngeal and pharyngeal muscles. The authors hypothesized the EPG would elicit significantly greater ...
Johnson Blair T BT aCenter for Health, Intervention and Prevention bDepartment of Psychology cDepartment of Kinesiology dDepartment of Allied Health Sciences, University of Connecticut, Storrs eCenter for Metabolic Health, The Hospital of Central Connecticut, New Britain, Connecticut fDepartment of Exercise Science and Sports Studies, Springfield College, Springfield, Massachusetts gCenter for Clinical Epidemiology and Biostatistics and Institute for Translational Medicine and Therapeutics, Perelman School of Medicine, University of Pennsylvania, Philadelphia, Pennsylvania, - - 2014
Numerous meta-analyses have been conducted to summarize the growing numbers of trials addressing the effects of exercise on blood pressure (BP), yet it is unclear how well they have satisfied contemporary methodological standards. We applied an augmented version of the Assessment of Multiple Systematic Reviews (AMSTARExBP) scale to 33 meta-analyses ...
León Julia J Department of Physical Education and Sport, University of Granada, Granada, - - 2014
We have compared the effects of different 12-week exercise programs on simple and choice reaction and movement times in 61-84 years-old people. One hundred and thirty-eight volunteers were randomized to a control group, 2-day exercise group (two 60-minute sessions a week of aerobic exercises) or 2-day physical plus cognitive exercise ...
Dickstein Ruth R Department of Physical Therapy, Faculty of Social Welfare and Health Sciences, University of Haifa, Haifa, - - 2014
Stroke is the leading cause of adult disability, with walking impairment being a devastating indicator of chronic post-stroke hemiparesis. Limited resources exist for individual treatments; therefore, the delivery of safe group exercise therapy is highly desired. To examine whether the application of group-based motor imagery practice to community-dwelling individuals with ...
Ostojic Sergej M SM a Center for Health, Exercise and Sport Sciences , Stari DIF , Belgrade , - - 2014
Possible appliance of effective and safe alkalizing agent in the treatment of metabolic acidosis could be of particular interest to humans experiencing an increase in plasma acidity, such as exercise-induced acidosis. In the present study we tested the hypothesis that the daily oral intake of 2L of hydrogen-rich water (HRW) ...
Kim Haroo H Department of Physical Therapy, College of Rehabilitation Science, Daegu University, Republic of - - 2014
[Purpose] The purpose of this study was to compare the potential effects of resistance exercise according to the positions of the arms and the rotation of the humerus on the subhumeral acromial space. [Subjects] The study subjects were 34 subjects without shoulder pain. [Methods] Ultrasonographic measurements of the acromiohumeral distance ...
Moon Dong-Chul DC Department of Physical Therapy, Graduate School of Daegu University, Republic of - - 2014
[Purpose] The aim of this study was to determine the immediate effect of short-foot exercise (SFE) on the dynamic balance of subjects with excessively pronated feet. [Subjects] This study included 18 subjects with excessively pronated feet (navicular drop ≥ 10 mm) selected using the navicular drop test. [Methods] The limit of ...
Naphade Milind M Department of Oral and Maxillofacial Surgery, V.Y.W.S. Dental College and Hospital, Wadali Road, Amravati 444602, - - 2014
Oral submucous fibrosis (OSMF) is an insidious chronic disease affecting any part of the oral cavity and sometimes the pharynx with epithelial atrophy leading to stiffness of the oral mucosa, causing trismus and inability to eat. However, a more serious complication of this disease is the risk of the development ...
Porteus Cosima S CS Department of Zoology, University of British Columbia, Vancouver, BC, Canada, V6T 1Z4. Electronic address: - - 2013
The aim of this study was to determine whether time domains exist in the hypoxic ventilatory (HVR) and cardiac responses (HCR) of bowfin (Amia calva), a facultative air breather, exposed to sustained hypoxia (SH) (26mmHg at 8°C or 45mmHg at 22°C). It was hypothesized that time domains would be evident ...
de Ataide E Silva Thays T Sport Science Research Group, Department of Physical Education and Sports Science (CAV), Federal University of Pernambuco, Alto do Reservatório street, Bela Vista, Vitória de Santo Antão, Pernambuco 55608-680, Brazil. - - 2014
The purpose of this review was to identify studies that have investigated the effect of carbohydrate (CHO) mouth rinse on exercise performance, and to quantify the overall mean difference of this type of manipulation across the studies. The main mechanisms involving the potential benefit of CHO mouth rinse on performance ...
Snarr Ronald L RL School of Nutrition and Health Promotion, Arizona State University, Phoenix, - - 2013
There is very limited scientific data concerning suspension training. The purpose of this investigation was to compare the electromyographic activity of the pectoralis major, anterior deltoid, and triceps brachii between a suspension push-up and traditional push-up. Twenty-one apparently healthy men (n = 15, age = 25.93 ± 3.67 years) and ...
Virani Aneesha A Louisiana State University, Department of Communication Sciences and Disorders, Baton Rouge, LA, - - 2013
Background: This study investigated the effects of two different swallowing exercise regimens performed during radiation therapy with/without chemotherapy on swallowing function. Methods: Fifty patients were recruited prospectively to two groups (exercise/EX group: n=26 and repetitive swallow/SW group: n=24). Functional Oral Intake Scale scores and PEG placements were compared at post-treatment ...
Fragala-Pinkham Maria A MA Research Center for Children with Special Health Care Needs - - 2013
Abstract Purpose: The primary purpose of this pilot study was to evaluate the effectiveness of a14-week aquatic exercise program on gross motor function and walking endurance in children with cerebral palsy (CP). The secondary purpose was to evaluate changes in functional strength, aerobic capacity and balance. Method: A prospective time ...
Lowery David D Central and North West London NHS Foundation Trust (CNWL), London, UK; Primary Care and Population Health, University College London (UCL), London, - - 2013
The objective of this study is to evaluate the effectiveness of a simple dyadic (person with dementia and their main carer) exercise regimen as a therapy for the behavioural and psychological symptoms of dementia. A two arm, pragmatic, randomised, controlled, single-blind, parallel-group trial of a dyadic exercise regimen (individually tailored ...
Van Borsel John - - 2013
Background:Although aesthetic correction of facial aging had long been the exclusive domain of plastic surgeons and dermatologists, alternative nonmedical approaches to facial rejuvenation are becoming more popular, such as facial acupuncture, facial acupressure, and facial exercises. However, the effectiveness of these alternative approaches is still a topic of debate.Objectives:The authors ...
Lazarus C L CL Department of Otolaryngology - Head and Neck Surgery, Beth Israel Medical Center, New York, USA; Thyroid Head and Neck Cancer Foundation, Beth Israel Medical Center, New York, USA. Electronic address: - - 2013
Tongue strength is reduced in patients treated with chemoradiotherapy for oral/oropharyngeal cancer. Tongue strengthening protocols have resulted in improved lingual strength and swallowing in healthy individuals, as well as in patients following a neurological event. However, no studies have examined the efficacy of tongue strengthening exercises on tongue strength, swallowing, ...
Lee Jason K W - - 2013
To assess the efficacy of neck cooling on cognitive performance following exertional hyperthermia. Twelve healthy men completed two experimental trials [control (CON) and neck cooling collar (NCC)] in a counter-balanced design. They ran on a treadmill at 70 % VO2peak under warm and humid conditions (dry bulb temperature: 30.2 ± 0.3 °C, relative humidity: ...
Ueda Shin-Ya - - 2013
The purpose of this study was to investigate the effects of 12 weeks of exercise training on gut hormone levels after a single bout of exercise in middle-aged Japanese women. Twenty healthy middle-aged women were recruited for this study. Several measurements were performed pre and post exercise training, including: body weight ...
Allen Charles R - - 2013
Due to the relative newness of such products, there are few investigations into using performance mouthpieces during sport and physical activity to substantiate claims of performance enhancement. The purpose of this study was to investigate the acute effect of a commercially available, non-injury preventive, performance mouthpiece on practical, acute performance ...
Sælen Håkon - - 2013
Cross-country skiing is important to many Norwegians as exercise and recreation during winter. The most heavily used areas for cross-country skiing are the forests near the capital city Oslo. Here, observed and predicted climate change lead to reduced snow days. A choice experiment estimates forest users' willingness to pay (WTP) ...
Guthrie Lori C - - 2013
Abstract Purpose . Time perspective, a psychological construct denoting subjective orientation to either present or future concerns, has been inconsistently associated with healthy behaviors in adults. We hypothesized that associations would be stronger in young adults, who are first developing independent attitudes, than in older adults. Design . Cross-sectional survey. ...
Haas Romi - - 2013
Several randomised trials demonstrate that multi dimensional falls prevention programs are effective in reducing falls in older adults. There is a need to examine the impact of these programs in real life settings where diverse populations exist. The aim of this study was to examine the acceptability and impact on ...
Brumitt Jason J School of Physical Therapy, Pacific University (Oregon), Hillsboro, - - 2013
Therapeutic exercises are frequently prescribed to patients with low back pain. Numerous exercise programs for patients with low back pain have been described. Many of these treatment programs are based on 1 of 2 popular rehabilitation strategies: a motor control exercise approach or a general exercise approach. PubMed clinical queries ...
Hutcheson Katherine A KA Department of Head and Neck Surgery, University of Texas MD Anderson Cancer Center, - - 2013
Data support proactive swallowing therapy during radiotherapy (RT) or chemoradiotherapy (CRT) for pharyngeal cancers. The benefits of adherence to a regimen of swallowing exercises and maintaining oral intake throughout treatment are reported, but independent effects are unclear. To evaluate the independent effects of maintaining oral intake throughout radiotherapy and adherence ...
Brach Jennifer S - - 2013
To compare the effect of motor learning with that of standard exercise on measures of mobility and perceived function and disability. Single-blind randomized trial. University research center. Older adults (n = 40) with a mean age of 77.1 ± 6.0, normal walking speed (≥1.0 m/s), and impaired motor skills (Figure of 8 walk time >8 seconds). ...
Miladi-Gorji Hossein - - 2013
This study was designed to examine the effect of voluntary exercise on hippocampal long-term potentiation (LTP) in morphine-dependent rats. The rats were randomly distributed into the saline-sedentary, the dependent-sedentary, the saline-exercise, and the dependent-exercise groups. The saline-exercise and the dependent-exercise groups were allowed to freely exercise in a running wheel ...
Chan-Thim Emilie - - 2013
Abstract The purpose of this pilot study was to determine the impact of time of day on the acute response to incremental exercise in chronic obstructive pulmonary disease (COPD). Fourteen subjects (nine men) aged 71 ± 7 years with moderate to severe airflow obstruction (FEV1: 58 ± 13% predicted) followed a ...
Lazarinis Nikolaos - - 2013
In mild asthma exercise-induced bronchoconstriction (EIB) is usually treated with inhaled short-acting β2 agonists (SABAs) on demand. The hypothesis was that a combination of budesonide and formoterol on demand diminishes EIB equally to regular inhalation of budesonide and is more effective than terbutaline inhaled on demand. Sixty-six patients with asthma ...
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