Search Results
Results 351 - 400 of 722
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Chow James C L - - 2005
The dosimetric effects from the jaw positioned close to the small field (0.5 x 0.5, 1 x 1, and 2 x 2 cm2) side-edge generated by a single-focused multileaf collimator (MLC) were measured and studied. The measurement is important in intensity modulated radiotherapy (IMRT) because generally the jaw cannot perfectly ...
Chamberlain Suzanne E - - 2005
CONTEXT: A new student selection instrument has been designed to assess candidate suitability for a problem-based learning, small group curriculum. OBJECTIVE: To evaluate the performance of the new teamwork selection instrument in terms of its discriminatory power, fairness, validity, reliability and acceptability among candidates. SAMPLE: A sample of 69 volunteer ...
Meyer T - - 2005
This article summarizes the scientific literature on portable devices used for the measurement of gas exchange during exercise. Firstly, the results from validity investigations are reviewed in terms of accuracy, reliability, and influence of additional weight during field testing. On the basis of these findings, at least two of the ...
Orfale A G - - 2005
The objective of the present study was to translate, adapt and validate a Brazilian Portuguese version of the Disabilities of the Arm, Shoulder and Hand (DASH) Questionnaire. The study was carried out in two steps. The first was to translate the DASH into Portuguese and to perform cultural adaptation and ...
Zimlichman Reuven - - 2005
BACKGROUND: We determined the reliability and repeatability of measurements of arterial compliance (AC) and gender- and age-specific normal ranges for a healthy European population. METHODS: Three hundred eight healthy volunteers from seven sites were evaluated. Two measurements were taken during the first visit, repeated on a second visit 1 to ...
Boulet John R - - 2005
The ECFMG Clinical Skills Assessment (CSA) was developed to evaluate whether graduates of international medical schools (IMGs) are ready to enter graduate training programs in the United States. The patient note (PN) exercise is specifically used to assess a candidate's ability to summarize and synthesize the data collected in a ...
Ryan Danielle L - - 2005
PURPOSE: This study was conducted to determine if tactile sensitivity varies in dental hygiene students who use the ultrasonic scaler, as compared to those who scale with hand-activated instruments. METHODS: A two-group, randomized subjects, pretest-posttest design was carried out mid-semester for five weeks on 40 first-year dental hygiene students who ...
Goetz Christopher G - - 2004
We assessed rates of successful certification on the motor section of the Unified Parkinson's Disease Rating Scale (UPDRSm) after training with the UPDRS Teaching Tape. The most frequently used clinical scale for PD is the UPDRS, and most clinical trials rely on the motor examination as the primary outcome measure. ...
Kleszczewski Tomasz - - 2004
The authors developed a method of measuring the fractal box dimension of the human eyeball movement. We found a fractal property in schizophrenic subjects (n = 20) and normal controls (n = 20). The value of the fractal box dimension for schizophrenic patients differs from the results obtained in the ...
Pancherz Hans - - 2004
The purpose of this investigation was to assess the dentoskeletal effects and facial profile changes as well as the mechanism of Class II correction in adult Class II subjects treated by surgical mandibular advancement in combination with orthodontics. The subject material comprised 46 adults with a Class II, division 1 ...
Chen Shu-Yueh - - 2004
The purpose of this study was to establish a reliable and valid instrument to evaluate women' s confidence in performing pelvic floor muscle exercise (PFME). Based on the researcher' s own experience and with extended literature review, social cognitive theory and a health promotion model were utilized to formulate the ...
Demaree Heath A - - 2004
Resting respiratory sinus arrhythmia (RSA) was assessed among 111 adult participants. These individuals were then asked to watch a positive or negative affective film in either a natural manner or while exaggerating their facial response. Facial reactions to the film were video-recorded and subsequently rated in terms of facial affect. ...
Sutton D N - - 2004
The surgical and prosthodontic rehabilitation of the edentulous patient aims to restore oral function and facial form. Planning treatment requires an understanding of the effect of progressive jaw atrophy, and the concomitant effect on the soft tissues of the face. This study examined 179 Caucasians at different stages of jaw ...
Rivera J - - 2004
OBJECTIVE: To translate, adapt, validate and assess the sensitivity to change of a Spanish version of the Fibromyalgia Impact Questionnaire (FIQ-S). METHODS: The FIQ-S was adapted following the translation and back-translation methodology. Female patients with fibromyalgia (FM) were invited to participate. Reliability was analyzed by the Spearman correlation coefficient between ...
Wilson Vietta E - - 2004
This study assessed whether it was easier to generate positive and negative thoughts in either an upright or slumped position. Twenty-four participants, who reported no clinical depression or anxiety, completed the Tellegen absorption questionnaire and a self-assessment of imagery ability. Surface electromyography (sEMG) of zygomaticus major, heart rate, and respiratory ...
Lai Hui-Ling - - 2004
The purpose of this study was to identify individual musical preferences, investigate the relationship between an individual's musical preferences and demographic variables, and examine the effects of the selected music on relaxation. Fifty healthy subjects (mean age 65.7; SD = 5.2) from the community participated in the study. Musical preference ...
Miettunen J - - 2004
OBJECTIVE: We evaluated the psychometric properties of widely used scales for assessing temperament in a large birth cohort. We simultaneously compared the properties of the temperament dimensions of the Tridimensional Personality Questionnaire (TPQ) and of the Temperament and Character Inventory (TCI). METHOD: As part of the 31-year follow-up survey of ...
Ranney Richard R - - 2004
BACKGROUND: Licensure examinations in dentistry have become an increasing concern, owing to ethical issues in the use of patients, difficulties in seeing relationships between outcomes of licensure examinations and performance in educational programs, and questions on the reliability of "one-shot" clinical examinations. Using data from a nine-year period, the authors ...
Keogh J J Division of Sport and Recreation, Auckland University of Technology, Auckland, New - - 2004
Physiological tremor in the upper limb of eight adults was examined during the performance of a unilateral pointing task under conditions where the visual feedback, limb used and target size were altered. All subjects were required to aim a hand-held laser pointer at a circular target 5.5 m away with ...
Bhatka R - - 2004
The purpose of this study was to determine how bolus size alters the human chewing cycle. This prospective within-subject design evaluated chewing cycles of 38 young adults between 20 and 38 years of age (21 males and 17 females). An optoelectric jaw tracking system was used to record movements of ...
Bots C P - - 2004
OBJECTIVES: Chewing gums have been studied for clinical use to stimulate the salivary flow rate in healthy and diseased individuals. However, differences in preferences of chewing gums may influence patient compliance during long-term use. Therefore, we compared the effect of several chewing gums on the flow rate of whole saliva ...
Mond J M - - 2004
In order to examine the concurrent and criterion validity of the questionnaire version of the Eating Disorders Examination (EDE-Q), self-report and interview formats were administered to a community sample of women aged 18-45 (n = 208). Correlations between EDE-Q and EDE subscales ranged from 0.68 for Eating Concern to 0.78 ...
van der Lee J H - - 2004
BACKGROUND AND PURPOSE: The Motor Activity Log (MAL) is a semistructured interview for hemiparetic stroke patients to assess the use of their paretic arm and hand (amount of use [AOU]) and quality of movement [QOM]) during activities of daily living. Scores range from 0 to 5. The following clinimetric properties ...
Lance Charles E - - 2004
The authors reanalyzed assessment center (AC) multitrait-multimethod (MTMM) matrices containing correlations among postexercise dimension ratings (PEDRs) reported by F. Lievens and J. M. Conway (2001). Unlike F. Lievens and J. M. Conway, who used a correlated dimension-correlated uniqueness model, we used a different set of confirmatory-factor-analysis-based models (1-dimension-correlated Exercise and ...
Leung Raymond W - - 2004
This study assessed the validity and reliability of the Cantonese-translated version of the Borg 6-20 Rating of Perceived Exertion (RPE) scale during continuous incremental cycle ergometry by Hong Kong adults. A total of 54 participants (25 males and 29 females), ages 22.2 +/- 4.7 yr., volunteered to participate. They performed ...
Yehezkel Shaul - - 2004
This study evaluated changes in the profiles of African American women presented in fashion magazines during the 20th century. Twenty-six variables were measured on a total of 119 profile photographs collected from various fashion magazines published in the 1940s through the 1990s. The photographs were divided into 6 groups corresponding ...
Priest D L - - 2004
AIM: The purpose of the present study was to investigate the characteristics and effects of motivational music in British gymnasia. The secondary purpose was to determine whether the characteristics and effects of motivational music were invariant in relation to gender, age, frequency of gymnasium attendance, and the time of day ...
Pomeroy V M - - 2004
OBJECTIVE: (1) To find the inter-rater and intra-rater reliability of raters using GaitMat II to measure tempo-spatial gait parameters of stroke patients. (2) To find if reliability is related to abnormality of footprint patterns. DESIGN: A prospective agreement study. SETTING: A movement analysis laboratory. SUBJECTS: Nineteen adults who were at ...
Lance Charles E - - 2004
The purpose of this study was (a) to provide additional tests of C. E. Lance, Newbolt, et al.'s (2000) situational specificity (vs. method bias) interpretation of exercise effects on assessment center postexercise dimension ratings and (b) to provide competitive tests of salient dimension versus general impression models of assessor within-exercise ...
Gao Xuemei - - 2004
The aim of this study was to examine adaptive changes in the cross-sectional area of the upper airway during mandibular advancement and jaw opening and to explore whether these changes are directly related to morphologic features of the mandible. Fourteen nonapneic men participated in this study. A custom-made oral device ...
Kuang Wayne - - 2004
PURPOSE: Conventional microscope assisted vasovasostomy (MAVV) is a technically difficult procedure that is most successful in the hands of well-trained microsurgeons. Robotics may help surgeons overcome the microsurgical challenges of tremor, limited dexterity, miniaturized instrumentation and use of fine suture. We determine the feasibility of a robotic assisted vasovasostomy (RAVV) ...
Edwards Darrin C - - 2004
We are using Bayesian artificial neural networks (BANNs) to classify mammographic masses in schemes for computer-aided diagnosis, and we are extending this methodology to a three-class classification task. We investigated whether a BANN can estimate ideal observer decision variables to distinguish malignant, benign, and false-positive computer detections. Five features were ...
Scharfbillig Rolf - - 2004
The Foot Posture Index is a new multidimensional and multiplanar tool aimed at quantifying the degree of pronation to supination of the foot, comprising eight criteria that sum to produce a final "score" of foot posture. In an initial study involving 31 subjects, angulations measured from dorsoplantar and lateral radiographs ...
Resnick Barbara - - 2004
Older African Americans and Latinos tend to exercise less than older Whites and are more likely to have chronic diseases that could benefit from exercise. Measurement of self-efficacy of exercise and exercise outcome expectations in this older population is required if exercise is to be monitored carefully and enhanced in ...
Zawawi Khalid H - - 2003
PURPOSE: The aim of this study was to evaluate the relationship between the width of 3 or 4 fingers of one hand and maximum mouth opening (MMO) in healthy subjects. METHODS: One hundred and forty dental students (age 21 to 42 years, mean 27.4 years) participated in the study. The ...
Bird Stephen P SP School of Human Movement Studies, Human Performance Laboratory, Charles Sturt University , Bathurst, NSW, - - 2003
During the past decade, the nutritional supplement creatine monohydrate has been gaining popularity exponentially. Introduced to the general public in the early 1990s, shortly after the Barcelona Olympic Games, creatine (Cr) has become one of the most widely used nutritional supplements or ergogenic aids, with loading doses as high as ...
Malec James F - - 2003
OBJECTIVES: To evaluate the internal consistency of the Mayo-Portland Adaptability Inventory (MPAI), further refine the instrument, and provide reference data based on a large, geographically diverse sample of persons with acquired brain injury (ABI). SUBJECTS: 386 persons, most with moderate to severe ABI. SETTINGS: Outpatient, community-based, and residential rehabilitation facilities ...
Bollen Anne-Marie - - 2003
Recent advances in technology have led to the availability of sequential removable orthodontic appliances (aligners) to move teeth in a stepwise fashion (Invisalign, Align Technology, Santa Clara, Calif). This study was undertaken to compare 2 distinctly different materials (hard and soft) and 2 activation frequencies (1 week and 2 weeks) ...
Courneya Kerry S - - 2003
OBJECTIVES: To determine the effects of 5 different numerical response scales--continuous-open, dichotomous-yes/no, and continuous-closed numerical (CCN) with 3 different ranges of response frequencies (low, medium, high)--on the proportion of respondents defined as regular exercisers. METHODS: We randomly assigned 500 undergraduate students to complete 1 of the 5 numerical response scales. ...
Vaillancourt D E - - 2003
BACKGROUND: Pharmacologic interventions (e.g., beta blockers) and thalamic lesions have failed to alter the pathophysiology of essential tremor (ET) beyond a reduction in tremor amplitude. Deep brain stimulation (DBS) of the ventral intermediate (VIM) nucleus of the thalamus successfully reduces tremor rating scores. It is unknown how VIM DBS alters ...
Pancherz Hans H Department of Orthodontics, School of Dentistry, University of Giessen, Germany. - - 2003
The amount and direction of condylar growth, glenoid fossa displacement, and "effective" temporomandibular joint (TMJ) changes (a summation of condylar growth, glenoid fossa displacement, and condylar position changes within the fossa) were analyzed in 35 Class II, Division 1 malocclusions (23 boys and 12 girls) treated with the Herbst appliance. ...
Brothwell D J - - 2003
OBJECTIVES: To determine the extent of observer agreement in diagnosis of oral epithelial dysplasia (OED). Published studies of OED examiner agreement report relatively low agreement levels; however, these studies were limited by the methodologies employed. METHODS: For this study, 64 slides were each independently examined twice by three oral pathologists. ...
Shin YunHee - - 2003
The purpose of this study was twofold: to use methodological triangulation to increase the cultural appropriateness of the Planning for Exercise Scale (Pender, 1996), which measures commitment to a plan of action, and to psychometrically evaluate the revised scale in a selected population of 230 Korean adults experiencing chronic diseases. ...
Robertson Christopher - - 2003
The aims of this longitudinal, observational study were two-fold: first, to determine in adults with sleep disorders the extent of dental and occlusal changes following the use of a mandibular advancement splint (MAS) and, second, to determine the time course of these changes. One hundred adult subjects (87 males, 13 ...
Nicholls Rochelle - - 2003
Baseball pitching must be performed with correct technique if injuries are to be avoided and performance maximized. High-speed video analysis is accepted as the most accurate and objective method for evaluation of baseball pitching mechanics. The aim of this research was to develop an equivalent qualitative analysis method for use ...
Farrell T - - 2003
OBJECTIVES: To determine if cervical length obtained with three-dimensional ultrasound correlated with the 'true cervical volume' and to evaluate the reliability and validity of transabdominal and transvaginal three-dimensional cervical volume measurement. METHODS: This was a prospective observational study. Three-dimensional cervical volume measurements were made prior to hysterectomy in 28 women. ...
Johnson Nicola - - 2003
The aim of this study was to develop an aesthetic index for the evaluation of complete unilateral cleft lip and palate (UCLP) repair. The reproducibility and validity of this index were evaluated. A pilot study was devised, in which photographic slides of 50 subjects with UCLP were evaluated by seven ...
Amiot Catherine E - - 2003
Research using the minimal group paradigm demonstrates that categorization and ingroup identification can foster intergroup discrimination. However, the positive-negative asymmetry effect shows that less discrimination occurs when negative rather than positive outcomes are distributed. The normative hypothesis explains this asymmetry by the stronger inappropriateness of discrimination in negative than in ...
Yamaguchi Hideharu - - 2003
Growth and development of maxillofacial morphology and oral function are closely interrelated. Oral function is comprised of articulation, swallowing, and chewing. Malocclusion may be caused by abnormal functions such as mouth breathing, tongue thrust swallowing, and unilateral chewing and by abnormal postures of oral circumferential muscles such as forward tongue ...
Legalery Pierre - - 2003
Measurement of fractional flow reserve (FFR) with a pressure wire is used to discriminate between patients with and without functionally significant lesions. FFR can be assessed through a conventional 4Fr diagnostic catheter, which is a more convenient method of assessment. The aim of this study was to assess the feasibility, ...
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