Search Results
Results 251 - 300 of 745
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McAuley Edward - - 2010
McAuley E, Motl RW, White SM, W?jcicki TR. Validation of the Multidimensional Outcome Expectations for Exercise Scale in ambulatory, symptom-free persons with multiple sclerosis. OBJECTIVE: To determine the psychometric properties of the 3-factor Multidimensional Outcome Expectations for Exercise Scale in a sample of ambulatory, symptom-free persons with multiple sclerosis (MS). ...
Colice Gene G Pulmonary, Critical Care and Respiratory Services, Washington Hospital Center, Professor of Medicine, The George Washington University School of Medicine, Washington, DC. - - 2010
Exercise-induced bronchospasm (EIB) involves airway obstruction with an onset shortly after exercising. It can occur in individuals without a diagnosis of asthma, but is most common in asthmatic patients (and in this scenario may be referred to as exercise-induced asthma, EIA), correlating with the patient's degree of airway hyperreactivity. While ...
Lakie Martin - - 2010
Shooting ability is compromised by involuntary movement. Some of this movement is physiological tremor. Tremor size has a demonstrable inverse correlation with shooting performance. Consequently, factors which affect tremor size should affect shooting ability. Adrenaline and local muscle warming markedly increase tremor size, whereas local muscle cooling reduces it. The ...
Masumoto N - - 2009
We investigated the effects of a chewing gum exercise program on occlusal conditions and evaluated compliance of subjects. Thirty-five healthy adult volunteers (26 males and nine females) were asked to chew gum for 10-15 min before or after three meals daily for four weeks. Occlusal conditions were recorded as occlusal ...
Grainger Rebecca - - 2009
Consensus exercises have identified and prioritized domains of measurement for studies in acute and chronic gout. In parallel, the technical properties of instruments for measurement in many of these domains have been assessed, with the main objective to consider the instruments in the context of the OMERACT filter of truth, ...
Lee Joo-Young - - 2010
Typically, the scales for the measurement of thermal sensation have been formatted as categorical scales (CS). Emerging is the use of CS combined with visual analog scale (VAS) for the measurement of thermal sensation to improve the sensitivity of scales. However, reports are rare comparing the typical CS, standard VAS, ...
Maat Robert Christiaan - - 2009
Variable obstruction to airflow at the laryngeal level may cause respiratory distress during exercise. The Continuous Laryngoscopy Exercise (CLE)-test enables direct visualization of the larynx during ongoing exercise. The aims of this study were to establish a scoring system for laryngeal obstruction as visualized during the CLE-test as well as ...
Zheng Jing - - 2010
BACKGROUND: Perceptions of exercise benefits and barriers affect exercise behavior. Because of the clinical course and treatment, dialysis patients differ from the general population in their perceptions of exercise benefits and barriers, especially the latter. At present, no valid instruments for assessing perceived exercise benefits and barriers in dialysis patients ...
Garner Dena P - - 2009
Studies in exercise science have suggested that the use of a mouthpiece can improve performance, and these improvements may be linked to an enhancement in temporomandibular joint (TMJ) positioning. Studies have suggested that by improving TMJ positioning, there is improved blood flow in the area of the TMJ. Changes in ...
Rogers Richard - - 2010
Traditionally, high levels of suggestibility have been widely assumed to be linked with diminished Miranda abilities, especially in relationship to the voluntariness of waivers. The current investigation examined suggestibility on the Gudjonsson Suggestibility Scales in a multisite study of pretrial defendants. One important finding was the inapplicability of British norms ...
Ueda Hiroshi - - 2009
INTRODUCTION: The aim of this study was to compare the effects on objective occlusal function of 2 types of jaw exercises during oral appliance therapy in patients with obstructive sleep apnea (OSA). METHODS: Sixteen consecutive subjects with snoring or OSA undergoing oral appliance therapy were included in this study; the ...
Weller J M - - 2009
BACKGROUND: The Mini-Clinical Evaluation Exercise (Mini-CEX) is a workplace-based assessment tool of potential value in anaesthesia to assess and improve clinical performance. Its reliability and positive educational impact have been reported in other specialities, but not, to date, in anaesthesia. In this study, we evaluated the psychometric characteristics, logistics of ...
Lim H B T - - 2009
The aim of this study was to investigate the effects of music introduced and removed during a 10-km cycling time trial with reference to Rejeski's parallel processing theory and Karageorghis, Terry and Lane's conceptual framework for the prediction of responses to asynchronous music during sub-maximal exercise. A range of performance ...
Feng Zhiyuan - - 2009
BACKGROUND: A large number of studies and clinical cases show that an ideal prognosis for mouth function cannot be obtained without sufficient and reasonable postsurgical functional exercise after jaw fracture. However, no unifying criteria exist on postsurgical functional exercise with jaw fracture. The study was designed to explore effective methods ...
Popovic Mirjana B - - 2008
The non-volitional sudden discontinuation of motor activity, called motor block (MB) or freezing is most commonly associated with Parkinson's disease (PD). MB extends beyond the classical manifestations of PD: akinezia, bradykinezia, rigidity, tremor, and postural instability. MB has been observed and quantified in internally cued repetitive movements such as gait, ...
Crust Lee - - 2008
This study examined regular exercisers' perceptions of specific components of music during circuit training. Twenty-four men (38.8 years, s = 11.8 years) and 31 women (32.4 years, s = 9.6 years) completed two questionnaires immediately after a circuit training class. Participants rated the importance of 13 components of music (rhythm, ...
Mazloum A - - 2008
BACKGROUND: Non-exercise activity thermogenesis (NEAT) is the energy expended by body movement, other than sleeping, eating or sports-like activities. The obese have been reported to have a lower NEAT (walking, standing, and fidgeting) than controls. We hypothesize that an elevated NEAT could explain why some patients with anorexia nervosa are ...
Tanaka Eliana Midori - - 2008
INTRODUCTION: Valuable information about growth and development in different types of occlusions and skeletal frames can be obtained by analyzing longitudinal data, particularly the functional significance of the occlusal plane; this information is important for understanding the etiology, diagnosis, and treatment of malocclusion. The purpose of this study was to ...
Carruthers Alastair - - 2008
OBJECTIVES: To develop the Lip Fullness Grading Scale for objective quantification of lip volume for a reliable assessment and to establish the reliability of this photonumeric scale for clinical research and practice. MATERIALS AND METHODS: A 5-point photonumeric rating scale was developed to objectively quantify fullness of upper and lower ...
Lichtenberg Pesach - - 2008
A Hebrew version of the Harvard Group Scale of Hypnotic Susceptibility, Form A (HGSHS:A) was administered to 283 subjects. Results were compared with those obtained for the English original administered in the United States, Canada, and Australia, as well as with versions translated into Swedish, Romanian, Italian, Finnish, Danish, Spanish, ...
Vicenzino Bill - - 2009
The aim of this post hoc analysis was to develop a preliminary clinical prediction rule (CPR) for identifying patients with lateral epicondylalgia (LE) likely to respond to mobilisation with movement and exercise (PT). Currently practitioners do not have an evidence-based means to identify such patients a priori. Potential predictive factors ...
Fonville S - - 2008
BACKGROUND: Dysarthria may be classified as flaccid, spastic, ataxic, hypokinetic, choreatic, dystonic, or mixed. We hypothesized that in routine neurological practice the reliability and accuracy of perceptual analysis alone in the classification of dysarthria is low and that this classification is mainly based on the clinical context rather than on ...
Gill N K - - 2008
Miniature parallel bioreactors are becoming increasingly important as tools to facilitate rapid bioprocess design. Once the most promising strain and culture conditions have been identified a suitable scale-up basis needs to be established in order that the cell growth rates and product yields achieved in small scale optimization studies are ...
Rennels Jennifer L - - 2008
The authors investigated whether differences in facial stimuli could explain the inconsistencies in the facial attractiveness literature regarding whether adults prefer more masculine- or more feminine-looking male faces. Their results demonstrated that use of a female average to dimorphically transform a male facial average produced stimuli that did not accurately ...
Karatepe Altinay Göksel - - 2009
The goal of our study was to develop a Turkish version of the Rheumatoid and Arthritis Outcome Score (RAOS) in patients with rheumatoid arthritis (RA) and to assess its reliability, validity, and sensitivity to change. The Turkish version of RAOS was developed according to cross-cultural guidelines by using the "translation-back ...
France Christopher R - - 2008
BACKGROUND: Presyncopal reactions are among the most common systemic reactions experienced by blood donors, occur most frequently in novice donors, and can serve as a deterrent to future donation regardless of donation experience. This report describes the validation of a presyncopal reactions scale that can be used to standardize assessment ...
Vlachopoulos Symeon P - - 2008
This article reports on the development and initial validation of the Amotivation Toward Exercise Scale (ATES), which reflects a taxonomy of older adults' reasons to refrain from exercise. Drawing on work by Pelletier, Dion, Tuson, and Green-Demers (1999) and Legault, Green-Demers, and Pelletier (2006), these dimensions were the outcome beliefs, ...
Hyre Amanda D - - 2008
The Hurricane Coping Self-Efficacy (HCSE) measure is a validated tool for assessing self-efficacy appraisals after hurricanes. Data were collected 6 months after Hurricane Katrina from 1542 employed residents of New Orleans, and 181 participants randomly selected to complete a repeat survey to confirm the psychometric properties of the HCSE measure. ...
Hudson David - - 2008
BACKGROUND: Torsions in the tibia and femur are important measurements for clinicians and researchers. A safe, accurate and time efficient tool is needed to advance the study of torsion. This study compared ultrasound and goniometric measures of torsion and also determined the repeatability of the goniometric techniques. METHODS: 19 females ...
Nakovics Helmut - - 2008
Since the application of the Obsessive Compulsive Drinking Scale (OCDS) has been reported to be problematic when used to measure alcohol craving in longitudinal studies, we examined the following questions: (1) Is it possible to skip problematic quantity items? (2) Is the score calculation rule using the higher value of ...
Baccetti Tiziano - - 2008
This study evaluated the effectiveness of two interceptive approaches to palatally displaced canines (PDC), i.e. extraction of the primary canines alone or in association with the use of a cervical-pull headgear. The randomized prospective design comprised 75 subjects with PDC (92 maxillary canines) who were randomly assigned to three groups: ...
Kobyliansky E - - 2008
The present report deals with reconstructing the facial shapes of ancient inhabitants of Israel based on their cranial remains. The skulls of a male from the Hellenistic period and a female from the Roman period have been reconstructed. They were restored using the most recently developed programs in anthropological facial ...
Judodihardjo Harryono - - 2008
BACKGROUND: Hyaluronic acid (HA) dermal fillers are commonly used to minimize the appearance of facial lines and wrinkles. However, after the injection of HA, there is normally a mild inflammatory reaction. All published studies to date have measured this unwanted side effect by subjective means only. OBJECTIVE: The primary objective ...
Ghosh S - - 2009
INTRODUCTION: We established a series of exercises that evaluated surgeons' marking of excision margins, and we sought to identify factors influencing such marking. METHODS: Twenty-four participants were asked to draw preset margins (3, 4, 5, 8 or 10 mm) on a series of life-size images representing noncosmetically and cosmetically sensitive ...
Kilic Nihat - - 2008
OBJECTIVE: To test the null hypothesis that rapid maxillary expansion (RME) with a rigid bonded appliance has no effect on conductive hearing loss (CHL) in growing children. MATERIALS AND METHODS: Fifteen growing subjects (mean age 13.43 +/- 0.86 years) who had narrow maxillary arches and CHL participated in this study. ...
Nedelec Bernadette - - 2008
Research into the pathophysiology and treatment of hypertrophic scar (HSc) remains limited by the heterogeneity of scar and the imprecision with which its severity is measured. The objective of this study was to test the interrater reliability and concurrent validity of the Cutometer measurement of elasticity, the Mexameter measurement of ...
Learman Lee A - - 2008
OBJECTIVE: Self-evaluation is an essential skill throughout a physician's career, and reflection is thought to be a necessary mechanism for effective self-evaluation. The aim of our study was to establish the reliability and validity of structured assessments of critical self-reflection. STUDY DESIGN: Thirty-two residents completed 6 exercises that were scored ...
Ekkekakis Panteleimon - - 2008
Individuals differ in the intensity of exercise that they prefer and the intensity that they can tolerate. We examined the psychometric properties of the Preference for and Tolerance of the Intensity of Exercise Questionnaire (PRETIE-Q; Ekkekakis, Hall, & Petruzzello, 2005: Journal of Sport and Exercise Psychology, 27, 350 - 374). ...
Sökücü Oral - - 2008
OBJECTIVE: To test the hypothesis that there is no difference in the movement of the upper third molars between rapid maxillary expansion (RME) and non-RME patients. MATERIALS AND METHODS: This study was performed on 30 patients divided into two groups. The study group included 20 patients who had maxillary narrowness ...
Blum Lisa - - 2008
BACKGROUND: In a recent study of 655 physical therapists working with a stroke population, the Berg Balance Scale (BBS) was identified as the most commonly used assessment tool across the continuum of stroke rehabilitation. Given the widespread popularity of the BBS, it is important to critically appraise the BBS for ...
Wang Mei-Qing - - 2008
STATEMENT OF PROBLEM: The temporomandibular joint (TMJ) disc is often observed to be thicker in temporomandibular disorder (TMD) patients. This clinical observation requires verification. PURPOSE: The purpose of this pilot study was to investigate whether the TMJ disc responds to dysfunctional occlusal changes by an increase in thickness. MATERIAL AND ...
Chan Agnes S - - 2008
OBJECTIVE: The "Triarchic body-pathway relaxation technique" (TBRT) is a form of ancient Chinese mindfulness-based meditation professed to give rise to positive emotions and a specific state of consciousness in which deep relaxation and internalized attention coexist. The purpose of this study was to examine the EEG pattern generated during the ...
Klink Thomas - - 2008
BACKGROUND: The Würzburg bleb classification score (WBCS) serves to assess filtering blebs in a standardized fashion. The purpose of this prospective masked agreement study was to evaluate the WBCS interobserver variability. METHODS: The WBCS provides a scheme to grade clinical bleb morphology. It evaluates the following parameters: vascularity, corkscrew vessels, ...
Norling J C - - 2008
BACKGROUND: The purpose of this study was to develop the Perceived Restorativeness for Activities Scale (PRAS) based on the conceptual framework of attention-restoration theory (ART). ART suggests that 4 latent constructs (being away, fascination, extent, and compatibility) must be present to enable a switch from voluntary (effortful, directed) attention to ...
Dyrlund Allison K - - 2008
The purpose of this study was to examine the effects of music preference and exercise intensity on exercise enjoyment, perceived exertion (RPE), and attentional focus. Participants were assigned to 1 of 3 music preference conditions (most preferred, least preferred, or no music) and walked/ran on a treadmill at 1 of ...
Zmudzki Jarosław - - 2008
Tongue activity constitutes a helpful factor in using complete dentures. It has not however been identified, to what extent the force of the tongue can directly stabilize the denture during the occurrence of biting forces. Dislodgement force of the denture held by the patients tongue shows a significant dependence on ...
Gu Jing - - 2008
No fully validated Chinese instrument measuring severity of drug dependence exists. The Chinese Opiate Addiction Severity Inventory (OASI) and the translated Chinese version of the Severity of Dependence Scale (SDS) were validated in this study. A total of 178 eligible participants were recruited using snowballing method. The 11-item revised version ...
Barton James C - - 2009
A 57-year-old man of northern Italian and Polish descent with a late-onset, mild form of hereditary factor VII deficiency developed bilateral intracranial subdural hematomas after performing sit-ups while he was in a head-down position on an inversion table. The pertinence of the Valsalva maneuver and increased intracranial venous and intraocular ...
Wang Wendy C - - 2007
Evaluation was undertaken of the interface dimensions of MOD ceramic onlays fabricated using the Cerec 3 system. A master die was prepared on a maxillary second premolar Ivorine tooth from which 20 Cerec 3 onlays and 20 feldspathic onlays were made. A total of 80 cement analogues were produced using ...
Penfield Randall D - - 2007
One aspect of construct validity is the extent to which the measurement properties of a rating scale are invariant across the groups being compared. An increasingly used method for assessing between-group differences in the measurement properties of items of a scale is the framework of differential item functioning (DIF). In ...
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