Search Results
Results 251 - 300 of 736
< 1 2 3 4 5 6 7 8 9 10 11 >
Rogers Richard - - 2010
Traditionally, high levels of suggestibility have been widely assumed to be linked with diminished Miranda abilities, especially in relationship to the voluntariness of waivers. The current investigation examined suggestibility on the Gudjonsson Suggestibility Scales in a multisite study of pretrial defendants. One important finding was the inapplicability of British norms ...
Ueda Hiroshi - - 2009
INTRODUCTION: The aim of this study was to compare the effects on objective occlusal function of 2 types of jaw exercises during oral appliance therapy in patients with obstructive sleep apnea (OSA). METHODS: Sixteen consecutive subjects with snoring or OSA undergoing oral appliance therapy were included in this study; the ...
Weller J M - - 2009
BACKGROUND: The Mini-Clinical Evaluation Exercise (Mini-CEX) is a workplace-based assessment tool of potential value in anaesthesia to assess and improve clinical performance. Its reliability and positive educational impact have been reported in other specialities, but not, to date, in anaesthesia. In this study, we evaluated the psychometric characteristics, logistics of ...
Lim H B T - - 2009
The aim of this study was to investigate the effects of music introduced and removed during a 10-km cycling time trial with reference to Rejeski's parallel processing theory and Karageorghis, Terry and Lane's conceptual framework for the prediction of responses to asynchronous music during sub-maximal exercise. A range of performance ...
Feng Zhiyuan - - 2009
BACKGROUND: A large number of studies and clinical cases show that an ideal prognosis for mouth function cannot be obtained without sufficient and reasonable postsurgical functional exercise after jaw fracture. However, no unifying criteria exist on postsurgical functional exercise with jaw fracture. The study was designed to explore effective methods ...
Crust Lee - - 2008
This study examined regular exercisers' perceptions of specific components of music during circuit training. Twenty-four men (38.8 years, s = 11.8 years) and 31 women (32.4 years, s = 9.6 years) completed two questionnaires immediately after a circuit training class. Participants rated the importance of 13 components of music (rhythm, ...
Popovic Mirjana B - - 2008
The non-volitional sudden discontinuation of motor activity, called motor block (MB) or freezing is most commonly associated with Parkinson's disease (PD). MB extends beyond the classical manifestations of PD: akinezia, bradykinezia, rigidity, tremor, and postural instability. MB has been observed and quantified in internally cued repetitive movements such as gait, ...
Mazloum A - - 2008
BACKGROUND: Non-exercise activity thermogenesis (NEAT) is the energy expended by body movement, other than sleeping, eating or sports-like activities. The obese have been reported to have a lower NEAT (walking, standing, and fidgeting) than controls. We hypothesize that an elevated NEAT could explain why some patients with anorexia nervosa are ...
Carruthers Alastair - - 2008
OBJECTIVES: To develop the Lip Fullness Grading Scale for objective quantification of lip volume for a reliable assessment and to establish the reliability of this photonumeric scale for clinical research and practice. MATERIALS AND METHODS: A 5-point photonumeric rating scale was developed to objectively quantify fullness of upper and lower ...
Tanaka Eliana Midori - - 2008
INTRODUCTION: Valuable information about growth and development in different types of occlusions and skeletal frames can be obtained by analyzing longitudinal data, particularly the functional significance of the occlusal plane; this information is important for understanding the etiology, diagnosis, and treatment of malocclusion. The purpose of this study was to ...
Lichtenberg Pesach - - 2008
A Hebrew version of the Harvard Group Scale of Hypnotic Susceptibility, Form A (HGSHS:A) was administered to 283 subjects. Results were compared with those obtained for the English original administered in the United States, Canada, and Australia, as well as with versions translated into Swedish, Romanian, Italian, Finnish, Danish, Spanish, ...
Vicenzino Bill - - 2009
The aim of this post hoc analysis was to develop a preliminary clinical prediction rule (CPR) for identifying patients with lateral epicondylalgia (LE) likely to respond to mobilisation with movement and exercise (PT). Currently practitioners do not have an evidence-based means to identify such patients a priori. Potential predictive factors ...
Fonville S - - 2008
BACKGROUND: Dysarthria may be classified as flaccid, spastic, ataxic, hypokinetic, choreatic, dystonic, or mixed. We hypothesized that in routine neurological practice the reliability and accuracy of perceptual analysis alone in the classification of dysarthria is low and that this classification is mainly based on the clinical context rather than on ...
Gill N K - - 2008
Miniature parallel bioreactors are becoming increasingly important as tools to facilitate rapid bioprocess design. Once the most promising strain and culture conditions have been identified a suitable scale-up basis needs to be established in order that the cell growth rates and product yields achieved in small scale optimization studies are ...
Rennels Jennifer L - - 2008
The authors investigated whether differences in facial stimuli could explain the inconsistencies in the facial attractiveness literature regarding whether adults prefer more masculine- or more feminine-looking male faces. Their results demonstrated that use of a female average to dimorphically transform a male facial average produced stimuli that did not accurately ...
Karatepe Altinay Göksel - - 2009
The goal of our study was to develop a Turkish version of the Rheumatoid and Arthritis Outcome Score (RAOS) in patients with rheumatoid arthritis (RA) and to assess its reliability, validity, and sensitivity to change. The Turkish version of RAOS was developed according to cross-cultural guidelines by using the "translation-back ...
France Christopher R - - 2008
BACKGROUND: Presyncopal reactions are among the most common systemic reactions experienced by blood donors, occur most frequently in novice donors, and can serve as a deterrent to future donation regardless of donation experience. This report describes the validation of a presyncopal reactions scale that can be used to standardize assessment ...
Hyre Amanda D - - 2008
The Hurricane Coping Self-Efficacy (HCSE) measure is a validated tool for assessing self-efficacy appraisals after hurricanes. Data were collected 6 months after Hurricane Katrina from 1542 employed residents of New Orleans, and 181 participants randomly selected to complete a repeat survey to confirm the psychometric properties of the HCSE measure. ...
Vlachopoulos Symeon P - - 2008
This article reports on the development and initial validation of the Amotivation Toward Exercise Scale (ATES), which reflects a taxonomy of older adults' reasons to refrain from exercise. Drawing on work by Pelletier, Dion, Tuson, and Green-Demers (1999) and Legault, Green-Demers, and Pelletier (2006), these dimensions were the outcome beliefs, ...
Hudson David - - 2008
BACKGROUND: Torsions in the tibia and femur are important measurements for clinicians and researchers. A safe, accurate and time efficient tool is needed to advance the study of torsion. This study compared ultrasound and goniometric measures of torsion and also determined the repeatability of the goniometric techniques. METHODS: 19 females ...
Nakovics Helmut - - 2008
Since the application of the Obsessive Compulsive Drinking Scale (OCDS) has been reported to be problematic when used to measure alcohol craving in longitudinal studies, we examined the following questions: (1) Is it possible to skip problematic quantity items? (2) Is the score calculation rule using the higher value of ...
Baccetti Tiziano - - 2008
This study evaluated the effectiveness of two interceptive approaches to palatally displaced canines (PDC), i.e. extraction of the primary canines alone or in association with the use of a cervical-pull headgear. The randomized prospective design comprised 75 subjects with PDC (92 maxillary canines) who were randomly assigned to three groups: ...
Kobyliansky E - - 2008
The present report deals with reconstructing the facial shapes of ancient inhabitants of Israel based on their cranial remains. The skulls of a male from the Hellenistic period and a female from the Roman period have been reconstructed. They were restored using the most recently developed programs in anthropological facial ...
Judodihardjo Harryono - - 2008
BACKGROUND: Hyaluronic acid (HA) dermal fillers are commonly used to minimize the appearance of facial lines and wrinkles. However, after the injection of HA, there is normally a mild inflammatory reaction. All published studies to date have measured this unwanted side effect by subjective means only. OBJECTIVE: The primary objective ...
Ghosh S - - 2009
INTRODUCTION: We established a series of exercises that evaluated surgeons' marking of excision margins, and we sought to identify factors influencing such marking. METHODS: Twenty-four participants were asked to draw preset margins (3, 4, 5, 8 or 10 mm) on a series of life-size images representing noncosmetically and cosmetically sensitive ...
Kilic Nihat - - 2008
OBJECTIVE: To test the null hypothesis that rapid maxillary expansion (RME) with a rigid bonded appliance has no effect on conductive hearing loss (CHL) in growing children. MATERIALS AND METHODS: Fifteen growing subjects (mean age 13.43 +/- 0.86 years) who had narrow maxillary arches and CHL participated in this study. ...
Nedelec Bernadette - - 2008
Research into the pathophysiology and treatment of hypertrophic scar (HSc) remains limited by the heterogeneity of scar and the imprecision with which its severity is measured. The objective of this study was to test the interrater reliability and concurrent validity of the Cutometer measurement of elasticity, the Mexameter measurement of ...
Learman Lee A - - 2008
OBJECTIVE: Self-evaluation is an essential skill throughout a physician's career, and reflection is thought to be a necessary mechanism for effective self-evaluation. The aim of our study was to establish the reliability and validity of structured assessments of critical self-reflection. STUDY DESIGN: Thirty-two residents completed 6 exercises that were scored ...
Sökücü Oral - - 2008
OBJECTIVE: To test the hypothesis that there is no difference in the movement of the upper third molars between rapid maxillary expansion (RME) and non-RME patients. MATERIALS AND METHODS: This study was performed on 30 patients divided into two groups. The study group included 20 patients who had maxillary narrowness ...
Ekkekakis Panteleimon - - 2008
Individuals differ in the intensity of exercise that they prefer and the intensity that they can tolerate. We examined the psychometric properties of the Preference for and Tolerance of the Intensity of Exercise Questionnaire (PRETIE-Q; Ekkekakis, Hall, & Petruzzello, 2005: Journal of Sport and Exercise Psychology, 27, 350 - 374). ...
Blum Lisa - - 2008
BACKGROUND: In a recent study of 655 physical therapists working with a stroke population, the Berg Balance Scale (BBS) was identified as the most commonly used assessment tool across the continuum of stroke rehabilitation. Given the widespread popularity of the BBS, it is important to critically appraise the BBS for ...
Wang Mei-Qing - - 2008
STATEMENT OF PROBLEM: The temporomandibular joint (TMJ) disc is often observed to be thicker in temporomandibular disorder (TMD) patients. This clinical observation requires verification. PURPOSE: The purpose of this pilot study was to investigate whether the TMJ disc responds to dysfunctional occlusal changes by an increase in thickness. MATERIAL AND ...
Chan Agnes S - - 2008
OBJECTIVE: The "Triarchic body-pathway relaxation technique" (TBRT) is a form of ancient Chinese mindfulness-based meditation professed to give rise to positive emotions and a specific state of consciousness in which deep relaxation and internalized attention coexist. The purpose of this study was to examine the EEG pattern generated during the ...
Zmudzki Jarosław - - 2008
Tongue activity constitutes a helpful factor in using complete dentures. It has not however been identified, to what extent the force of the tongue can directly stabilize the denture during the occurrence of biting forces. Dislodgement force of the denture held by the patients tongue shows a significant dependence on ...
Norling J C - - 2008
BACKGROUND: The purpose of this study was to develop the Perceived Restorativeness for Activities Scale (PRAS) based on the conceptual framework of attention-restoration theory (ART). ART suggests that 4 latent constructs (being away, fascination, extent, and compatibility) must be present to enable a switch from voluntary (effortful, directed) attention to ...
Klink Thomas - - 2008
BACKGROUND: The Würzburg bleb classification score (WBCS) serves to assess filtering blebs in a standardized fashion. The purpose of this prospective masked agreement study was to evaluate the WBCS interobserver variability. METHODS: The WBCS provides a scheme to grade clinical bleb morphology. It evaluates the following parameters: vascularity, corkscrew vessels, ...
Dyrlund Allison K - - 2008
The purpose of this study was to examine the effects of music preference and exercise intensity on exercise enjoyment, perceived exertion (RPE), and attentional focus. Participants were assigned to 1 of 3 music preference conditions (most preferred, least preferred, or no music) and walked/ran on a treadmill at 1 of ...
Gu Jing - - 2008
No fully validated Chinese instrument measuring severity of drug dependence exists. The Chinese Opiate Addiction Severity Inventory (OASI) and the translated Chinese version of the Severity of Dependence Scale (SDS) were validated in this study. A total of 178 eligible participants were recruited using snowballing method. The 11-item revised version ...
Barton James C - - 2009
A 57-year-old man of northern Italian and Polish descent with a late-onset, mild form of hereditary factor VII deficiency developed bilateral intracranial subdural hematomas after performing sit-ups while he was in a head-down position on an inversion table. The pertinence of the Valsalva maneuver and increased intracranial venous and intraocular ...
Penfield Randall D - - 2007
One aspect of construct validity is the extent to which the measurement properties of a rating scale are invariant across the groups being compared. An increasingly used method for assessing between-group differences in the measurement properties of items of a scale is the framework of differential item functioning (DIF). In ...
Wang Wendy C - - 2007
Evaluation was undertaken of the interface dimensions of MOD ceramic onlays fabricated using the Cerec 3 system. A master die was prepared on a maxillary second premolar Ivorine tooth from which 20 Cerec 3 onlays and 20 feldspathic onlays were made. A total of 80 cement analogues were produced using ...
Karageorghis C - - 2008
The purpose of this study was to investigate the effects of music tempi on music preference, intrinsic motivation, and flow during long-duration exercise (approximately 26 min). Subjects (n = 29) selected the music of a single artist then walked at 70 % of maximum heart rate reserve (maxHRR) on a ...
Cheh Gene - - 2007
STUDY DESIGN: Retrospective review. OBJECTIVE: To determine the reliability of supine long-cassette radiographs as compared with side-bending films in predicting curve flexibility in operative cases of adolescent idiopathic scoliosis (AIS). SUMMARY OF BACKGROUND DATA: The value of side-bending films is important in the classification of AIS, as well as predicting ...
Kimoto S - - 2007
The purpose of this study was to investigate whether resilient denture liners has the potential to decrease problems affecting the alveolar ridge mucosa during the first adjustment session following the initial fitting of the denture. Interventions were complete denture treatment with permanent acrylic resilient denture liner dentures (RLD) in mandibles ...
Fastl Hugo - - 2007
A method to assess the quality of music reproduction in passenger cars is developed and evaluated. In essence, the subject sits in a standing car and is presented from a CD music of different genres via the car's audio system. The subject has to rate different aspects of the performance ...
Ellegård E K - - 2007
BACKGROUND: Electrogustometry is an accurate and increasingly popular method used to examine taste. However, its usefulness as a screening test is unknown. METHODS: We asked 114 subjects, some healthy but most with medical conditions possibly affecting taste, to rate their overall taste ability, on a scale of zero to 10. ...
Ono T - - 2007
In elderly persons, it is thought that maintenance of masticatory function may have a beneficial effect on maintenance of cerebral function. However, few studies on cerebral circulation during mastication exist. This study aimed to verify a possible increase in cerebral circulation and the presence of cerebral hemispheric dominance during gum ...
Edwards Darrin C - - 2007
We have shown previously that an N-class ideal observer achieves the optimal receiver operating characteristic (ROC) hypersurface in a Neyman-Pearson sense. Due to the inherent complexity of evaluating observer performance even in a three-class classification task, some researchers have suggested a generally incomplete but more tractable evaluation in terms of ...
Antonarakis Gregory Stylianos - - 2007
OBJECTIVE: To evaluate the anteroposterior short-term skeletal and dental effects on Class II malocclusion in growing patients following treatment with functional appliances (activators or twin block), extraoral traction, or combination appliances (appliances with both functional and extraoral traction components), based on published data. MATERIALS AND METHODS: A literature search was ...
Murcia J A M - - 2007
AIM: The aim of this study is the validation in the Spanish context of the Behavioural Regulation in Exercise Questionnaire-2 (BREQ-2) scale, developed by Markland et al., from the point of view of the self-determination theory and to compare the effect of gender, age and exercise duration and mode. METHODS: ...
< 1 2 3 4 5 6 7 8 9 10 11 >