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Results 201 - 250 of 729
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Webster Kathryn A - - 2013
To determine how gluteus medius (Gmed) and maximus (Gmax) activate during closed-chain functional rehabilitative exercises in those with and without chronic ankle instability (CAI). Cohort study. Subjects performed ten repetitions of a rotational lunge and single-leg rotational squat while surface electromyography was used to collect mean muscle activity of the ...
Awad Sherif S Division of Gastrointestinal Surgery, Nottingham Digestive Diseases Centre NIHR Biomedical Research Unit, Nottingham University Hospitals, Queen's Medical Centre, - - 2012
Accurate assessment of energy expenditure (EE) is important in guiding nutritional therapy but current methods are unsatisfactory. This study compared the oral (13)C-bicarbonate tracer (BT) technique using the IRIS® system (Wagner, Germany) against indirect calorimetry (IC, ventilated-hood) to measure CO2 output (VCO2) and thus estimate EE. Ten overnight-fasted healthy male ...
Tang Jonathan - - 2012
Pulmonary rehabilitation is an effective treatment for people with chronic obstructive pulmonary disease. However, access to these services is limited especially in rural and remote areas. Telerehabilitation has the potential to deliver pulmonary rehabilitation programs to these communities. The aim of this study was threefold: to establish the technical feasibility ...
Tulloch Evelyn - - 2012
Randomized, repeated-measures crossover design. To determine the interrater reliability of directional-bias assessment and to investigate its validity for predicting immediate changes in dynamic postural stability and muscle performance following directionally biased exercises. Directional bias in dynamic postural stability deficits may be associated with outcome following intervention. Two researchers independently assessed ...
Alfieri Fábio Marcon - - 2012
Exercise programs have proved to be helpful for frail older adults. This study aimed to investigate the effects of an exercise program with a focus on postural control exercises in frail older adults. Twenty-six older adults (76.7 ± 4.9 years) deemed clinically stable, chosen from the Falls Unit, University Hospital ...
Cappelleri Joseph C - - 2012
The 6-minute walk test evaluates the effect of pharmacologic intervention in adults with pulmonary arterial hypertension (PAH) but, for reasons of compliance or reliability, may not be appropriate for children at all ages. Thus, peak oxygen consumption (VO2, maximal exercise test) was used instead in a pediatric PAH trial (STARTS-1) ...
Roig Marc - - 2012
Regular physical activity has a positive impact on cognition and brain function. Here we investigated if a single bout of exercise can improve motor memory and motor skill learning. We also explored if the timing of the exercise bout in relation to the timing of practice has any impact on ...
Wang Xue-Qiang - - 2012
To review the effects of core stability exercise or general exercise for patients with chronic low back pain (LBP). Exercise therapy appears to be effective at decreasing pain and improving function for patients with chronic LBP in practice guidelines. Core stability exercise is becoming increasingly popular for LBP. However, it ...
Eshraghi-Jazi Fatemeh F Department of Physiology, School of Medicine, Isfahan University of Medical Sciences, Isfahan, I. R. Iran ; Isfahan Payame Noor University, Isfahan, I. R. - - 2012
Parkinson(')s disease (PD) is one of the most common neurodegenerative disorders which is characterized by tremor, rigidity, bradykinesia and postural disturbances. Studies indicate that grape juice and exercise may have beneficial effects on neurodegenerative disorders. Therefore, in the present study, we evaluated the effects of red grape juice (GJ) together ...
Shirzad Navid N Department of Mechanical Engineering, University of British Columbia, Vancouver, BC V6T 1Z4 Canada. - - 2012
To study the effects of different feedback error amplification methods on a subject's upper-limb motor learning and affect during a point-to-point reaching exercise, we developed a real-time controller for a robotic manipulandum. The reaching environment was visually distorted by implementing a thirty degrees rotation between the coordinate systems of the ...
Wen Dennis Y - - 2011
Effective treatments for chronic lateral epicondylosis have not been studied adequately. Eccentric overload exercises have been used with success for other chronic tendinopathy, mainly Achilles and patellar. To compare a wrist extensor eccentric strengthening exercise program with a wrist extensor stretching/modality program for the treatment of chronic lateral epicondylosis. The ...
Sandsund M - - 2011
Asthma is the most common chronic medical condition that school-teachers are likely to encounter among their pupils. This study aimed to identify the needs of physical education teachers in dealing with adolescents with exercise-induced asthma, study their self-reported knowledge of asthma and identify future topics for education about exercise-induced asthma. ...
Strid Hans - - 2011
Abstract Background and aims. Disturbances in transit of the gastrointestinal (GI) tract have been proposed to be involved in the etiology of the GI symptoms in heavy exercise. However, the results are conflicting. In the present study, we investigated the effect of heavy exercise on GI transit in well-trained athletes. ...
Zoppi Claudio C - - 2011
Endurance exercise has been shown to reduce pancreatic islets glucose-stimulated insulin secretion (GSIS). Anaplerotic/cataplerotic pathways are directly related to GSIS signaling. However, the effect of endurance training upon pancreatic islets anaplerotic enzymes is still unknown. In this sense, we tested the hypothesis that endurance exercise decreases GSIS by reducing anaplerotic/cataplerotic ...
Koch Juliette - - 2011
Background and Aim:  We assessed the RANZCOG Basic Surgical Skills Workshop (BSSW) with regards to trainees' basic knowledge and skill using a laparoscopic pelvi-trainer. Methods:  First-year trainees answered a multiple choice questionnaire (MCQ) and performed timed simulated laparoscopic exercises with a pelvi-trainer before completing a 2-day workshop. Assessment was repeated ...
Psycharakis Stelios G - - 2011
Psycharakis, SG. A longitudinal analysis on the validity and reliability of ratings of perceived exertion for elite swimmers. J Strength Cond Res 25(2): 420-426, 2011-The purpose of this study was to examine longitudinally the reliability and validity of ratings of perceived exertion (RPE) for monitoring exercise intensity in elite swimmers, ...
Elley C Raina - - 2011
Aim To assess the cost-effectiveness of exercise on prescription with ongoing support in general practice. Methods Prospective cost-effectiveness study undertaken as part of the 2-year Women's lifestyle study randomised controlled trial involving 1089 'less-active' women aged 40-74. The 'enhanced Green Prescription' intervention included written exercise prescription and brief advice from ...
Bradley Judy M - - 2011
Respiratory inductive plethysmography (e.g., LifeShirt) may offer in-depth study of the cardiorespiratory responses during field exercise tests. The aims of this study were to assess the reliability, discriminate validity, and responsiveness of cardiorespiratory measurements recorded by the LifeShirt during field exercise tests in adults with CF. To assess reliability and ...
Cordeiro Gislaine Ferro - - 2012
Various types of trill exercises have been used for a long time as a tool in the treatment and preparation of the voice. Although they are reported to produce vocal benefits in most subjects, their physiology has not yet been studied in depth. The aim of this study was to ...
Carey Daniel G - - 2010
The primary objective of this study was to determine if the ventilatory (&OV0312;E) breakpoint during incremental exercise to fatigue is best represented by a single breakpoint (BP1), double breakpoint (BP2), or an exponential function (EXP) exhibiting no BP. A secondary objective was to determine if visual assessment of the BP ...
Lycholip Edita - - 2010
The aim of the study was to evaluate the impact of complex ambulatory education on quality of life, exercise capacity and B-type natriuretic peptide (BNP) level in chronic stable heart failure patients. Heart failure patients in NYHA class II/III (n = 31) on optimal medical treatment were recruited from the ...
McNamara Renae - - 2010
Visual recognition of cyanosis is an important clinical activity. While pulse oximetry is almost universal in the hospital environment, there are circumstances where it is not available or may be unreliable. Cyanosis recognition is affected by lighting colour. In addition, there is, mainly anecdotal, evidence that people with greater colour ...
Phillips C - - 2010
Assess the long-term effect of sensory retraining exercises, age, gender, type of surgery, and pre-surgical psychological distress on patients' perception of the interference related to altered sensation 2 years after orthognathic surgery. A total of 186 subjects with a developmental dentofacial disharmony were enrolled in a multicenter randomized clinical trial: ...
Yoshida Hiroaki - - 2011
The aim of the present study was to evaluate mandibular condylar movement in a group of Japanese women who presented with closed lock of the temporomandibular joint. A total of 148 women aged between 19 and 75 years were included in the study. We examined mouth-opening, protrusion, and lateral excursive ...
Prakash Sanjay - - 2011
We report a sporadic case of paroxysmal dyskinesia of predominantly choreic and ballistic movements of 10 years duration in a 22-year-old male. The movement starts after exercise for certain period. However, for the next 5-15 min, the movements are triggered by sudden voluntary activity. These dyskinesias persist for about 10-30 s after sudden ...
Sullivan S John - - 2011
The purpose of this study was to determine the effect of different levels of exercise intensity on the timed finger-to-nose (FTN) task, a measure of upper limb coordination included in the Sport Concussion Assessment Tool (SCAT2). A three-group crossover randomised design was used to investigate changes in FTN times at ...
Nakhaee Mohammad Reza MR Lecturer, Kerman Neuroscience Research Center, Shahid Bahonar University, Kerman, - - 2010
Exercise deprivation has been concluded to have some negative effectson psychological well-being. This study was conducted to find outwhether exercise deprivation may lead to morphine dependence in rats. Forty male Wistar rats weighing 162 ± 9 g were housed in clear plasticcages in groups of two under standard laboratory conditions. ...
Noroozi Azita - - 2011
: The present study aimed at examining the reliability and validity of the Persian version of Sallis's Social Support Scale for Exercise Behavior. It also aimed at measuring the predictive power of this scale among diabetic women. Method: confirmatory factor analysis was used to identify potential differences between English and ...
Busha Brett F - - 2010
Cardiorespiratory variability is the product of the integration of centrally generated rhythms with feedback from central and peripheral sensors. To quantify the effect of increased central drive on scaling patterns of cardiorespiratory activity, breath-to-breath interval (BBI) and heartbeat-to-heartbeat interval (RRI) were recorded from 17 female and 17 male adult subjects ...
Vogler Andrew J - - 2010
Portable indirect calorimetry systems offer the advantage of field-based measurements, but manufacturers rarely provide data about validity or reliability. In this study, we evaluated the validity and reliability of the Cortex MetaMax3B portable metabolic system. Validity was determined by comparing MetaMax3B results against those from a first-principles metabolic calibrator and ...
Silverman Jonathan - - 2011
to evaluate the content validity, internal consistency and generalisability of EPSCALE, a new rating scale to measure communication skills in explanation and planning. content validity: consensus exercise and expert review. Internal consistency and generalisability: 124 clinical students undertaking 4 OSCE stations with simulated patients, with one observer (hospital specialist, GP ...
Cheng Sue-Yueh - - 2010
AIM: This paper is a report of psychometric testing of the Arm Exercise Promotion Scale. BACKGROUND: Patients with breast cancer having mastectomy are taught postoperative arm exercises during hospitalization; however, clinical observations suggest that patients infrequently practise them. It is important to develop an instrument that can be easily applied ...
Hannink Jorien - - 2010
INTRODUCTION: Inspiratory capacity (IC) assessments have been performed mainly in laboratory settings, because of fixed measurement devices. Oxycon Mobile (OM) is the mobile and wireless version of Oxycon Pro (OP), a commonly used fixed measurement device. The purpose of this study was to examine IC agreement between OM and OP ...
Savoia Elena - - 2010
As proxies for actual emergencies, drills and exercises can raise awareness, stimulate improvements in planning and training, and provide an opportunity to examine how different components of the public health system would combine to respond to a challenge. Despite these benefits, there remains a substantial need for widely accepted and ...
McAuley Edward - - 2010
McAuley E, Motl RW, White SM, W?jcicki TR. Validation of the Multidimensional Outcome Expectations for Exercise Scale in ambulatory, symptom-free persons with multiple sclerosis. OBJECTIVE: To determine the psychometric properties of the 3-factor Multidimensional Outcome Expectations for Exercise Scale in a sample of ambulatory, symptom-free persons with multiple sclerosis (MS). ...
Colice Gene G Pulmonary, Critical Care and Respiratory Services, Washington Hospital Center, Professor of Medicine, The George Washington University School of Medicine, Washington, DC. - - 2010
Exercise-induced bronchospasm (EIB) involves airway obstruction with an onset shortly after exercising. It can occur in individuals without a diagnosis of asthma, but is most common in asthmatic patients (and in this scenario may be referred to as exercise-induced asthma, EIA), correlating with the patient's degree of airway hyperreactivity. While ...
Lakie Martin - - 2010
Shooting ability is compromised by involuntary movement. Some of this movement is physiological tremor. Tremor size has a demonstrable inverse correlation with shooting performance. Consequently, factors which affect tremor size should affect shooting ability. Adrenaline and local muscle warming markedly increase tremor size, whereas local muscle cooling reduces it. The ...
Masumoto N - - 2009
We investigated the effects of a chewing gum exercise program on occlusal conditions and evaluated compliance of subjects. Thirty-five healthy adult volunteers (26 males and nine females) were asked to chew gum for 10-15 min before or after three meals daily for four weeks. Occlusal conditions were recorded as occlusal ...
Grainger Rebecca - - 2009
Consensus exercises have identified and prioritized domains of measurement for studies in acute and chronic gout. In parallel, the technical properties of instruments for measurement in many of these domains have been assessed, with the main objective to consider the instruments in the context of the OMERACT filter of truth, ...
Lee Joo-Young - - 2010
Typically, the scales for the measurement of thermal sensation have been formatted as categorical scales (CS). Emerging is the use of CS combined with visual analog scale (VAS) for the measurement of thermal sensation to improve the sensitivity of scales. However, reports are rare comparing the typical CS, standard VAS, ...
Maat Robert Christiaan - - 2009
Variable obstruction to airflow at the laryngeal level may cause respiratory distress during exercise. The Continuous Laryngoscopy Exercise (CLE)-test enables direct visualization of the larynx during ongoing exercise. The aims of this study were to establish a scoring system for laryngeal obstruction as visualized during the CLE-test as well as ...
Zheng Jing - - 2010
BACKGROUND: Perceptions of exercise benefits and barriers affect exercise behavior. Because of the clinical course and treatment, dialysis patients differ from the general population in their perceptions of exercise benefits and barriers, especially the latter. At present, no valid instruments for assessing perceived exercise benefits and barriers in dialysis patients ...
Garner Dena P - - 2009
Studies in exercise science have suggested that the use of a mouthpiece can improve performance, and these improvements may be linked to an enhancement in temporomandibular joint (TMJ) positioning. Studies have suggested that by improving TMJ positioning, there is improved blood flow in the area of the TMJ. Changes in ...
Rogers Richard - - 2010
Traditionally, high levels of suggestibility have been widely assumed to be linked with diminished Miranda abilities, especially in relationship to the voluntariness of waivers. The current investigation examined suggestibility on the Gudjonsson Suggestibility Scales in a multisite study of pretrial defendants. One important finding was the inapplicability of British norms ...
Ueda Hiroshi - - 2009
INTRODUCTION: The aim of this study was to compare the effects on objective occlusal function of 2 types of jaw exercises during oral appliance therapy in patients with obstructive sleep apnea (OSA). METHODS: Sixteen consecutive subjects with snoring or OSA undergoing oral appliance therapy were included in this study; the ...
Weller J M - - 2009
BACKGROUND: The Mini-Clinical Evaluation Exercise (Mini-CEX) is a workplace-based assessment tool of potential value in anaesthesia to assess and improve clinical performance. Its reliability and positive educational impact have been reported in other specialities, but not, to date, in anaesthesia. In this study, we evaluated the psychometric characteristics, logistics of ...
Lim H B T - - 2009
The aim of this study was to investigate the effects of music introduced and removed during a 10-km cycling time trial with reference to Rejeski's parallel processing theory and Karageorghis, Terry and Lane's conceptual framework for the prediction of responses to asynchronous music during sub-maximal exercise. A range of performance ...
Feng Zhiyuan - - 2009
BACKGROUND: A large number of studies and clinical cases show that an ideal prognosis for mouth function cannot be obtained without sufficient and reasonable postsurgical functional exercise after jaw fracture. However, no unifying criteria exist on postsurgical functional exercise with jaw fracture. The study was designed to explore effective methods ...
Crust Lee - - 2008
This study examined regular exercisers' perceptions of specific components of music during circuit training. Twenty-four men (38.8 years, s = 11.8 years) and 31 women (32.4 years, s = 9.6 years) completed two questionnaires immediately after a circuit training class. Participants rated the importance of 13 components of music (rhythm, ...
Popovic Mirjana B - - 2008
The non-volitional sudden discontinuation of motor activity, called motor block (MB) or freezing is most commonly associated with Parkinson's disease (PD). MB extends beyond the classical manifestations of PD: akinezia, bradykinezia, rigidity, tremor, and postural instability. MB has been observed and quantified in internally cued repetitive movements such as gait, ...
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