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Gonzalez Javier T - - 2013
The present study examined the impact of breakfast and exercise on postprandial metabolism, appetite and macronutrient balance. A sample of twelve (blood variables n 11) physically active males completed four trials in a randomised, crossover design comprising a continued overnight fast followed by: (1) rest without breakfast (FR); (2) exercise ...
Rattray Ben - - 2013
OBJECTIVES: Moderate intensity aerobic exercise is known to facilitate cognitive performance but new technologies enable increasing opportunities to investigate this phenomenon under different circumstances. This study aimed to describe the effect of exercise on executive function assessed though a novel tablet-based test. DESIGN: Twenty healthy, active participants volunteered to take ...
Shimada Kenshiro - - 2013
OBJECTIVE: Fat oxidation during exercise depends on nutritional state, and exercise performed in the post-absorptive state oxidizes more fat than that performed in the postprandial state. However, the effects of exercise on energy metabolism continue during the post-exercise period, and the difference in fat oxidation during exercise may be compensated ...
Vie Bruno - - 2013
Formulating the hypothesis that a maximal running exercise could induce fatigue of some foot muscles, we searched for electromyographic (EMG) signs of fatigue in the tibialis anterior (TA), peroneus longus (PL), and gastrocnemius medialis (GM) muscles. We also searched for post-exercise alterations of the stationary upright standing in normal-arched feet ...
van Wijck Kim - - 2013
Background: Previously, we demonstrated that exercise can cause small intestinal injury, leading to loss of gut barrier function. The functional consequences of such exercise-induced intestinal injury on subsequent food digestion and absorption are unclear. The present study determined the impact of resistance-type exercise on small intestinal integrity and in vivo ...
Born Dennis-Peter - - 2013
To assess original research addressing the effect of the application of compression clothing on sport performance and recovery after exercise, a computer-based literature research was performed in July 2011 using the electronic databases PubMed, MEDLINE, SPORTDiscus, and Web of Science. Studies examining the effect of compression clothing on endurance, strength ...
Landmark Tormod - - 2013
Population-based studies have reported conflicting findings on the relationship between physical activity and pain, and most studies reporting a relationship are cross sectional. Temporal relationships are therefore difficult to infer and associations may be subject to confounding from a variety of other factors. The aim of the current study was ...
Silveira Patrícia - - 2013
Reaction time, coordination, and cognition performance typically diminish in older adults, which may lead to gait impairments, falls, and injuries. Regular strength-balance exercises are highly recommended to reduce this problem and to improve health, well-being, and independence in old age. However, many older people face a lack of motivation in ...
Howatson Glyn - - 2013
Resistance exercise has been shown to be a potent stimulus for neuromuscular adaptations. These adaptations are not confined to the exercising muscle and have been consistently shown to produce increases in strength and neural activity in the contralateral, homologous resting muscle; a phenomenon known as cross-education. This observation has important ...
Schütz Teresa Cristina Barros - - 2013
There are several treatments for obstructive sleep apnea syndrome, such as weight loss, use of an oral appliance and continuous positive airway pressure, that can be used to reduce the signs and symptoms of obstructive sleep apnea syndrome. Few studies have evaluated the effectiveness of a physical training program compared ...
Daneshmandi Hadi - - 2013
Introduction. The aim of this study was to estimate maximal aerobic capacity (VO2 max), to determine its associated factors among workers of industrial sector of Iran and to develop a regression equation for subjects' VO2 max. Methods. In this study, 500 healthy male workers employed in Shiraz industries participated voluntarily. ...
Smart Neil A NA University of New England, School of Science and Technology, Armidale, New South Wales, - - 2013
Peak oxygen consumption (VO2) is the gold standard measure of cardiorespiratory fitness and a reliable predictor of survival in chronic heart failure patients. Furthermore, any form of physical training usually improves cardiorespiratory fitness, although the magnitude of improvement in peak VO2 may vary across different training prescriptions. To quantify, and ...
Andre Matthew J MJ Neuromechanics Laboratory, Department of Health, Sport, and Exercise Sciences, University of Kansas, Lawrence, KS, - - 2013
The purpose of this study was to determine the load which allows the highest peak power for resisted sprinting on a non-motorized treadmill and to determine if other variables are related to individual differences. Thirty college students were tested for vertical jump, vertical jump peak and mean power, 10 m ...
Sysoeva Olga V OV The Center for Neurocognitive Research (MEG-Center), Moscow State University of Psychology and Education Moscow, Russia ; Laboratory of Human Higher Nervous Activity, Institute for Higher Nervous Activity and Neurophysiology, Russian Academy of Sciences Moscow, - - 2013
THIS STUDY AIMED TO EXAMINE EFFECT OF PHYSICAL EXERCISE ON MOTOR TIMING: personal, maximum and "once per second" tapping. The acute effect was examined by comparing the baseline tapping with that after acute exercise in 9 amateur athletes, 8 elite synchronous swimmers and 9 elite biathletes. Then the baseline tapping ...
Kennedy Amy A School of Clinical & Experimental Medicine, University of Birmingham, Birmingham, United - - 2013
Whilst regular exercise is advocated for people with type 1 diabetes, the benefits of this therapy are poorly delineated. Our objective was to review the evidence for a glycaemic benefit of exercise in type 1 diabetes. Electronic database searches were carried out in MEDLINE, Embase, Cochrane's Controlled Trials Register and ...
Jay Kenneth K National Research Centre for the Working Environment, Lersø Parkalle 105, 2100 Copenhagen Ø, Denmark ; Electronics and Computer Science, Faculty of Physical and Applied Sciences, University of Southampton, Southampton SO17 1BJ, UK ; Institute of Sports Science and Clinical Biomechanics, University of Southern Denmark, Campusvej 55, 5230 Odense, - - 2013
Workplace interventions have shown beneficial results of resistance training for chronic pain in the neck, shoulder, and arm. However, studies have relied on experienced exercise instructors, which may not be an available resource at most workplaces. The objective of this study is to evaluate the technical performance level of upper ...
Pichierri Giuseppe - - 2012
ABSTRACT: BACKGROUND: Computer-based interventions have demonstrated consistent positive effects on various physical abilities in older adults. This study aims to compare two training groups that achieve similar amounts of strength and balance exercise where one group receives an intervention that includes additional dance video gaming. The aim is to investigate ...
Chang Yu-Kai YK Graduate Institute of Athletics and Coaching Science, National Taiwan Sport University, Taoyuan, Taiwan. - - 2013
This study examined the behavioral and neuroelectrical impacts of a coordinative exercise intervention with different exercise intensities on executive function in kindergarten children. Participants underwent the Eriksen flanker test before and after an exercise program that involved 35-min sessions twice per week for 8 weeks, with either low or moderate intensity. ...
Sedgwick Matthew J - - 2012
The ingestion of high-fat meals induces a state of endothelial dysfunction in adults. This dysfunction is attenuated by prior exercise. The response of young people to these nutritional and physiological stressors has not been established. Thus, the purpose of the present study was to investigate if a bout of moderate-intensity ...
Vernillo G - - 2012
This study aims to examine the cardiovascular responses during an indoor race walking competition over the distance of 3-km for female and 5-km for male athletes. During the Italian indoor RW Championship heart rate was monitored on eleven well trained race walkers (five men and six women) and then refereed ...
Pesce Caterina - - 2012
In exercise and cognition research, few studies have investigated whether and how the qualitative aspects of physical exercise may impact cognitive performance in the short or long term. This commentary, after recalling the evidence on the "dose-response" relationship, shifts the focus to intersections between different research areas that are proposed ...
Parker Matthew W - - 2012
BACKGROUND: Ambulatory patients with uncertain functional capacity may benefit from combined exercise and vasodilator stress protocols for myocardial perfusion imaging (MPI). The safety and MPI image quality with regadenoson administered during symptom-limited exercise have not been prospectively evaluated. METHODS AND RESULTS: A total of 140 patients (mean age 61 years, 48% ...
Tousignant Michel - - 2012
Purpose: To compare the effectiveness of supervised Tai Chi exercises versus the conventional physical therapy exercises in a personalized rehabilitation program in terms of the incidence and severity of falls in a frail older population. Method: The participants were frail older adults living in the community, admitted to the day ...
He Tailun - - 2012
Abstract Objective. This study evaluates the effects of chewing training on strength and endurance of the masticatory muscles. Materials and methods. Of the 49 healthy young adults included in the study, nine served as controls for a baseline measurement of bite force. The 40 participants who actively trained their masticatory ...
Naugle Kelly M KM Pain Research and Intervention Center for Excellence, University of Florida, Gainesville, FL, USA. - - 2012
The purpose of this article was to examine the effects of acute exercise on pain perception in healthy adults and adults with chronic pain using meta-analytic techniques. Specifically, studies using a repeated measures design to examine the effect of acute isometric, aerobic, or dynamic resistance exercise on pain threshold and ...
Shulman Lisa M - - 2012
OBJECTIVE To compare the efficacy of treadmill exercises and stretching and resistance exercises in improving gait speed, strength, and fitness for patients with Parkinson disease. DESIGN A comparative, prospective, randomized, single-blinded clinical trial of 3 types of physical exercise. SETTING The Parkinson's Disease and Movement Disorders Center at the University ...
King James A - - 2012
This study investigated the acute influence of exercise on eating behaviour in an ecologically valid setting whereby healthy active males were permitted complete ad libitum access to food. Ten healthy males completed two, eight hour trials (exercise and control) in a randomised-crossover design. In the exercise trials participants consumed a ...
Wong Shi N - - 2012
Abstract Exercise has been recommended for enhancing sleep; a claim linked to the belief that sleep need - defined by sleep duration and depth - is increased post-exercise to allow tissue recovery. Objective studies investigating exercise-sleep responses have produced mixed outcomes, and the disparity in results between studies may be ...
Pontifex Matthew B MB Department of Kinesiology and Community Health, University of Illinois at Urbana-Champaign, IL, USA. - - 2013
To examine the effect of a single bout of moderate-intensity aerobic exercise on preadolescent children with attention-deficit/hyperactivity disorder (ADHD) using objective measures of attention, brain neurophysiology, and academic performance. Using a within-participants design, task performance and event-related brain potentials were assessed while participants performed an attentional-control task following a bout ...
Porro Laura J LJ Department of Surgery, University of Texas Medical Branch, Galveston, TX 77550, - - 2013
To investigate whether propranolol administration blocks the benefits induced by exercise training in severely burned children. Children aged 7-18 years (n = 58) with burns covering ≥30% of the total body surface area were enrolled in this randomized trial during their acute hospital admission. Twenty-seven patients were randomized to receive propranolol, whereas ...
Jones Andrew M - - 2013
Recent studies have investigated the influence of dietary nitrate supplementation on the physiological responses to exercise. Specifically, it has been reported that enhancing nitric oxide (NO) bioavailability through supplementation of the diet with nitrate salts or nitrate-rich beetroot juice reduces the O(2) cost of exercise and improves exercise performance. The ...
Jue J Jane S - - 2012
OBJECTIVES: To examine the efficacy of alternative approaches for shifting consumers toward zero calorie beverages. We examined the effect of price discounts and novel presentations of calorie information on sales of beverages. METHODS: This prospective interrupted time-series quasi-experiment included three sites in Philadelphia, PA, Evanston, IL, and Detroit, MI. Each ...
Emerenziani G P - - 2012
The aims of this study were to estimate the difference in exercise intensity (METs), energy cost (EE) and gender difference between a typical salsa lesson (TSL), rueda de casino lesson (RCL), and salsa dancing at a night club (SDN). Subjects performed 1 pre-testing session and 3 testing conditions. During the ...
Bolwell Charlotte F - - 2012
Objective-To investigate the effect of exercise during yearling sales preparation on the risk of interruptions during training in Thoroughbred racehorses. Animals-114 Thoroughbred racehorses. Procedures-Information regarding the daily exercise of yearlings during sales preparation was obtained prospectively from a convenience sample of stud farms. Yearlings were followed to entry into race ...
Ainegren M - - 2012
The purpose of this study was to investigate the influence of classical style roller skis' grip (static friction coefficients, μ(S) ) on cross-country skiers' oxygen consumption and leg forces during treadmill roller skiing, when using the diagonal stride and kick double poling techniques. The study used ratcheted wheel roller skis ...
Laeppchen Claus Henning - - 2012
Introduction: The contralesional primary motor cortex (M1) has been suggested to be involved in the motor recovery after Mirror Therapy. But, whether the ipsilesional M1 is influenced by the contralesional M1 via the transcallosal interhemispheric inhibition (IHI) is still unclear. The present study investigated the change of IHI as well ...
Nagpal B N - - 2012
Background & objectives: In the present study, an attempt was made to find reasons of ineffectiveness of indoor residual spray to interrupt malaria transmission by investigating the behaviour of two variants of Anopheles stepnesi, viz. type form and mysorensis in rural areas of Rajasthan, India. Methods: Both low malarious (DDT ...
Amonette William E - - 2012
OBJECTIVE:: The purpose of this study was to compare the peak aerobic capacities and ventilatory anaerobic thresholds (VAT) of individuals with a traumatic brain injury (TBI) to age- and gender-matched controls. METHODS:: Nineteen participants that previously suffered a mild to moderate TBI and 19 apparently healthy controls volunteered as subjects. ...
Brooks Cristy - - 2012
ABSTRACT: Study Design. Randomized controlled trial.Objective. To compare changes in self-rated disability, pain, and anticipatory postural adjustments between specific trunk or general exercise in patients with chronic low back pain.Summary of Background Data. Chronic low back pain is associated with altered motor control of the trunk muscles. The best exercise ...
Shirzad Navid - - 2012
To study the effects of different feedback error amplification methods on a subject's upper-limb motor learning and affect during a point-to-point reaching exercise, we developed a real-time controller for a robotic manipulandum. The reaching environment was visually distorted by implementing a thirty degrees rotation between the coordinate systems of the ...
Medina S - - 2012
Control and triathlete volunteers (n=8 and n=15, respectively) were given 400mL and 200mL of aronia-citrus juice (AC-juice), respectively. The 24h urine samples were hydrolysed to determine the flavanones concentration by UPLC-QqQ-MS/MS. The flavanones metabolites in both groups of volunteers were glucuronides, sulfates, and sulfo-glucuronides, and the total excretion of flavanones ...
Miyake Yuki - - 2013
The purpose of this study was to investigate the influence of core exercises on upper extremity function relative to skilled motor behavior and postural sway. We examined the effects of core exercises on the skilled motor behavior and postural sway of 40 healthy students who were assigned randomly to the ...
de Souto Barreto Philipe - - 2013
Participation bias in exercise studies is poorly understood among older adults. This study was aimed at looking into whether older persons who volunteer to participate in an exercise study differ from nonvolunteers. A self-reported questionnaire on physical activity and general health was mailed out to 1000 persons, aged 60 or ...
Erkmen Nurtekin - - 2012
The objective of the present study was to determine the effects of exercise continued until the anaerobic threshold on balance performance in basketball players. Twelve male basketball players (age = 20.92 ± 2.81 years, body height = 192.72 ± 7.61 cm, body mass = 88.09 ± 8.41 kg, training experience ...
Webster Kathryn A - - 2013
To determine how gluteus medius (Gmed) and maximus (Gmax) activate during closed-chain functional rehabilitative exercises in those with and without chronic ankle instability (CAI). Cohort study. Subjects performed ten repetitions of a rotational lunge and single-leg rotational squat while surface electromyography was used to collect mean muscle activity of the ...
Awad Sherif S Division of Gastrointestinal Surgery, Nottingham Digestive Diseases Centre NIHR Biomedical Research Unit, Nottingham University Hospitals, Queen's Medical Centre, - - 2012
Accurate assessment of energy expenditure (EE) is important in guiding nutritional therapy but current methods are unsatisfactory. This study compared the oral (13)C-bicarbonate tracer (BT) technique using the IRIS® system (Wagner, Germany) against indirect calorimetry (IC, ventilated-hood) to measure CO2 output (VCO2) and thus estimate EE. Ten overnight-fasted healthy male ...
Tang Jonathan - - 2012
Pulmonary rehabilitation is an effective treatment for people with chronic obstructive pulmonary disease. However, access to these services is limited especially in rural and remote areas. Telerehabilitation has the potential to deliver pulmonary rehabilitation programs to these communities. The aim of this study was threefold: to establish the technical feasibility ...
Tulloch Evelyn - - 2012
Randomized, repeated-measures crossover design. To determine the interrater reliability of directional-bias assessment and to investigate its validity for predicting immediate changes in dynamic postural stability and muscle performance following directionally biased exercises. Directional bias in dynamic postural stability deficits may be associated with outcome following intervention. Two researchers independently assessed ...
Alfieri Fábio Marcon - - 2012
Exercise programs have proved to be helpful for frail older adults. This study aimed to investigate the effects of an exercise program with a focus on postural control exercises in frail older adults. Twenty-six older adults (76.7 ± 4.9 years) deemed clinically stable, chosen from the Falls Unit, University Hospital ...
Cappelleri Joseph C - - 2012
The 6-minute walk test evaluates the effect of pharmacologic intervention in adults with pulmonary arterial hypertension (PAH) but, for reasons of compliance or reliability, may not be appropriate for children at all ages. Thus, peak oxygen consumption (VO2, maximal exercise test) was used instead in a pediatric PAH trial (STARTS-1) ...
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