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Results 101 - 150 of 690
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Burian A - - 2013
PURPOSE: Muscle injuries and extensive exercise are associated with cyclooxygenase dependent formation of inflammatory prostaglandins. Since the effect of topical administration of non-steroidal anti-inflammatory drugs (NSAIDs) on local cyclooxygenase is unknown, the present exploratory, open label, non-randomized study set out to measure exercise induced release of prostaglandins before and after ...
Earhart Gammon M - - 2013
Parkinson disease (PD) is a progressive, neurodegenerative movement disorder. PD was originally attributed to neuronal loss within the substantia nigra pars compacta, and a concomitant loss of dopamine. PD is now thought to be a multisystem disorder that involves not only the dopaminergic system, but other neurotransmitter systems whose role ...
Nitin Y M - - 2013
VO2 max is the maximum amount of oxygen a person can consume and the value does not change despite an increase in workload. There is lack of data evaluating the impact of factors, which could affect VO2 max measurement, particularly in Indian population. The objectives of the present study were ...
West C R - - 2013
We asked whether specific inspiratory muscle training (IMT) improves respiratory structure and function and peak exercise responses in highly trained athletes with cervical spinal cord injury (SCI). Ten Paralympic wheelchair rugby players with motor-complete SCI (C5-C7) were paired by functional classification then randomly assigned to an IMT or placebo group. ...
Kang Suk Y - - 2013
OBJECTIVE: To investigate whether finger exercise affects surround inhibition in professional musicians as it was previously observed in non-musicians, we performed a transcranial magnetic stimulation (TMS) study in 13 healthy right-handed professional musicians. METHODS: TMS was set to be triggered by self-initiated flexion of the index finger at 3ms after ...
Watson Elle - - 2013
There are many established benefits of exercise for older adults. Emerging studies suggest that it may even be able to slow the progression of Alzheimer's disease (AD) in older adults with the disease. However, it is yet unknown how bedside nurses can monitor ongoing exercise participation in this population due ...
Lee S S Division of Weight Management and Wellness, Children's Hospital of Pittsburgh of UPMC, University of Pittsburgh School of Medicine, Pittsburgh, PA 15224, USA. - - 2013
We examined the effects of acute exercise on postprandial triglyceride (TG) metabolism following a high-fat meal in overweight black vs white adolescents. Twenty-one black and 17 white adolescents (12-18 yrs, body mass index 85th percentile) were evaluated twice, during control versus exercise trials, 1-4 weeks apart, in a counterbalanced randomized ...
Hind Karen - - 2013
BACKGROUND: Developing Interventions for Children's Exercise (DICE) is an initiative aimed at determining effective school-based exercise programmes. In order to assess feasibility, we conducted a pilot study of exercise sessions which varied in duration and frequency. METHODS: Exercise interventions were delivered to Year 3 pupils (age 7 to 8 years; ...
Chang Yu-Kai - - 2013
OBJECTIVES: To evaluate the effect of acute resistance exercise on multiple cognitive measures in late middle-aged adults and to address the question of whether general or selective cognitive improvements occur. DESIGN: A counterbalanced repeated-measures experimental design. METHODS: Thirty adults (mean age=58.1±3.0 years) were administered five different Stroop test conditions before ...
Sale Craig - - 2013
Carnosine was first discovered in skeletal muscle, where its concentration is higher than in any other tissue. This, along with an understanding of its role as an intracellular pH buffer has made it a dipeptide of interest for the athletic population with its potential to increase high-intensity exercise performance and ...
Zimmerli Lukas - - 2013
To investigate the influence of different design characteristics of virtual reality exercises on engagement during lower extremity motor rehabilitation. Correlational study. Spinal cord injury (SCI) rehabilitation center. Subjects with SCI (n=12) and control subjects (n=10). Not applicable. Heart rate and electromyographic activity from both legs at the tibialis anterior, the ...
Gao Zan - - 2013
There is a paucity of research investigating the effects of innovative physical activity programs on physical health and academic performance in the Latino population. To examine the impact of Dance Dance Revolution [DDR]-based exercise on Latino children's physical fitness and academic achievement. A repeated-measures crossover design was used. In Year ...
Liu Ting-Yuan - - 2013
Background: After harvesting the fibula flap, pain, sensory disturbance, weakness of donor leg, reduced walking endurance, ankle instability, and lower walking speed had been reported. The aim of this study was to quantitatively assess functional outcome of regular home-based exercise on donor ankle strength, endurance, and walking ability after free ...
Horton S J - - 2013
to describe and evaluate the effect of an exercise self-management programme for an oral health student who was suffering from a musculoskeletal disorder which had developed in the clinical environment during the course of training. Single participant case report. The University of Otago Faculty of Dentistry and School of Physiotherapy. ...
Rauch H G Laurie - - 2013
This article reviews the brain structures and neural circuitry underlying the motor system as it pertains to endurance exercise. Some obvious phenomena that occur during endurance racing events that need to be explained neurophysiologically are variable pacing strategies, the end spurt, motivation and the rating of perceived exertion. Understanding the ...
Delfa de la Morena José M - - 2013
ABSTRACT: The purpose of this study was to investigate adaptation mechanisms following two test rounds consisting of eccentric exercise using pressure pain imaging of the wrist extensors. Pressure pain thresholds (PPT) were assessed over 12 points forming a 3×4 matrix over the dominant elbow in 12 participants. From the PPT ...
Peltier Sébastien L - - 2013
ABSTRACT: Sports drinks are often used before, during and after tennis tournaments, but their ability to influence physiological and psychological variables and the characteristics of tennis match play remains uncertain. The objective of this study was to evaluate the impact of ingesting specially formulated pre-exercise, endurance and recovery sports drinks ...
Esmaeili-Mahani Saeed - - 2013
Numerous studies have shown a decreased analgesic potency of morphine in exercise trained animals. Since G-protein subunits have a critical role in opioid effects at the cellular level and the exact mechanism(s) of exercise-induced morphine insensitivity has not been fully clarified, the present study was designed to determine the changes ...
Mullen Sean P - - 2013
The purpose of this study was to determine a profile for predicting attrition among older adults involved in a 12-month exercise program. The parent study was a single-blinded randomized controlled trial. The study took place between 2006 and 2009 within a university setting. Older adults (N = 179) completed baseline assessments of ...
Torres Rui - - 2013
To analyze the effects of a single bout and repeated bouts of stretching on indirect markers of exercise-induced muscle damage. A randomized controlled clinical trial at a university human research laboratory was conducted. Fifty-six untrained males were randomly divided into four groups. (I) a single stretching group underwent a single ...
Anziska Yaacov - - 2013
In this review, we present an overview of the role of exercise in neuromuscular disease (NMD). We demonstrate that despite the different pathologies in NMDs, exercise is beneficial, whether aerobic/endurance or strength/resistive training, and we explore whether this benefit has a similar mechanism to that of healthy subjects. We discuss ...
Fulford Jonathan - - 2013
Dietary nitrate supplementation, which enhances nitric oxide (NO) bioavailability, has previously been shown to contribute to improved exercise performance by reducing both oxygen cost and energy expenditure. In contrast, previous studies have indicated that NO can lower force production in vitro. To examine the role of dietary nitrates in regulating ...
Gonzalez Javier T - - 2013
The present study examined the impact of breakfast and exercise on postprandial metabolism, appetite and macronutrient balance. A sample of twelve (blood variables n 11) physically active males completed four trials in a randomised, crossover design comprising a continued overnight fast followed by: (1) rest without breakfast (FR); (2) exercise ...
Rattray Ben - - 2013
OBJECTIVES: Moderate intensity aerobic exercise is known to facilitate cognitive performance but new technologies enable increasing opportunities to investigate this phenomenon under different circumstances. This study aimed to describe the effect of exercise on executive function assessed though a novel tablet-based test. DESIGN: Twenty healthy, active participants volunteered to take ...
Shimada Kenshiro - - 2013
OBJECTIVE: Fat oxidation during exercise depends on nutritional state, and exercise performed in the post-absorptive state oxidizes more fat than that performed in the postprandial state. However, the effects of exercise on energy metabolism continue during the post-exercise period, and the difference in fat oxidation during exercise may be compensated ...
Vie Bruno - - 2013
Formulating the hypothesis that a maximal running exercise could induce fatigue of some foot muscles, we searched for electromyographic (EMG) signs of fatigue in the tibialis anterior (TA), peroneus longus (PL), and gastrocnemius medialis (GM) muscles. We also searched for post-exercise alterations of the stationary upright standing in normal-arched feet ...
van Wijck Kim - - 2013
Background: Previously, we demonstrated that exercise can cause small intestinal injury, leading to loss of gut barrier function. The functional consequences of such exercise-induced intestinal injury on subsequent food digestion and absorption are unclear. The present study determined the impact of resistance-type exercise on small intestinal integrity and in vivo ...
Born Dennis-Peter - - 2013
To assess original research addressing the effect of the application of compression clothing on sport performance and recovery after exercise, a computer-based literature research was performed in July 2011 using the electronic databases PubMed, MEDLINE, SPORTDiscus, and Web of Science. Studies examining the effect of compression clothing on endurance, strength ...
Landmark Tormod - - 2013
Population-based studies have reported conflicting findings on the relationship between physical activity and pain, and most studies reporting a relationship are cross sectional. Temporal relationships are therefore difficult to infer and associations may be subject to confounding from a variety of other factors. The aim of the current study was ...
Silveira Patrícia - - 2013
Reaction time, coordination, and cognition performance typically diminish in older adults, which may lead to gait impairments, falls, and injuries. Regular strength-balance exercises are highly recommended to reduce this problem and to improve health, well-being, and independence in old age. However, many older people face a lack of motivation in ...
Howatson Glyn - - 2013
Resistance exercise has been shown to be a potent stimulus for neuromuscular adaptations. These adaptations are not confined to the exercising muscle and have been consistently shown to produce increases in strength and neural activity in the contralateral, homologous resting muscle; a phenomenon known as cross-education. This observation has important ...
Schütz Teresa Cristina Barros - - 2013
There are several treatments for obstructive sleep apnea syndrome, such as weight loss, use of an oral appliance and continuous positive airway pressure, that can be used to reduce the signs and symptoms of obstructive sleep apnea syndrome. Few studies have evaluated the effectiveness of a physical training program compared ...
Daneshmandi Hadi - - 2013
Introduction. The aim of this study was to estimate maximal aerobic capacity (VO2 max), to determine its associated factors among workers of industrial sector of Iran and to develop a regression equation for subjects' VO2 max. Methods. In this study, 500 healthy male workers employed in Shiraz industries participated voluntarily. ...
Smart Neil A NA University of New England, School of Science and Technology, Armidale, New South Wales, - - 2013
Peak oxygen consumption (VO2) is the gold standard measure of cardiorespiratory fitness and a reliable predictor of survival in chronic heart failure patients. Furthermore, any form of physical training usually improves cardiorespiratory fitness, although the magnitude of improvement in peak VO2 may vary across different training prescriptions. To quantify, and ...
Andre Matthew J MJ Neuromechanics Laboratory, Department of Health, Sport, and Exercise Sciences, University of Kansas, Lawrence, KS, - - 2013
The purpose of this study was to determine the load which allows the highest peak power for resisted sprinting on a non-motorized treadmill and to determine if other variables are related to individual differences. Thirty college students were tested for vertical jump, vertical jump peak and mean power, 10 m ...
Sysoeva Olga V OV The Center for Neurocognitive Research (MEG-Center), Moscow State University of Psychology and Education Moscow, Russia ; Laboratory of Human Higher Nervous Activity, Institute for Higher Nervous Activity and Neurophysiology, Russian Academy of Sciences Moscow, - - 2013
THIS STUDY AIMED TO EXAMINE EFFECT OF PHYSICAL EXERCISE ON MOTOR TIMING: personal, maximum and "once per second" tapping. The acute effect was examined by comparing the baseline tapping with that after acute exercise in 9 amateur athletes, 8 elite synchronous swimmers and 9 elite biathletes. Then the baseline tapping ...
Kennedy Amy A School of Clinical & Experimental Medicine, University of Birmingham, Birmingham, United - - 2013
Whilst regular exercise is advocated for people with type 1 diabetes, the benefits of this therapy are poorly delineated. Our objective was to review the evidence for a glycaemic benefit of exercise in type 1 diabetes. Electronic database searches were carried out in MEDLINE, Embase, Cochrane's Controlled Trials Register and ...
Jay Kenneth K National Research Centre for the Working Environment, Lersø Parkalle 105, 2100 Copenhagen Ø, Denmark ; Electronics and Computer Science, Faculty of Physical and Applied Sciences, University of Southampton, Southampton SO17 1BJ, UK ; Institute of Sports Science and Clinical Biomechanics, University of Southern Denmark, Campusvej 55, 5230 Odense, - - 2013
Workplace interventions have shown beneficial results of resistance training for chronic pain in the neck, shoulder, and arm. However, studies have relied on experienced exercise instructors, which may not be an available resource at most workplaces. The objective of this study is to evaluate the technical performance level of upper ...
Pichierri Giuseppe - - 2012
ABSTRACT: BACKGROUND: Computer-based interventions have demonstrated consistent positive effects on various physical abilities in older adults. This study aims to compare two training groups that achieve similar amounts of strength and balance exercise where one group receives an intervention that includes additional dance video gaming. The aim is to investigate ...
Chang Yu-Kai YK Graduate Institute of Athletics and Coaching Science, National Taiwan Sport University, Taoyuan, Taiwan. - - 2013
This study examined the behavioral and neuroelectrical impacts of a coordinative exercise intervention with different exercise intensities on executive function in kindergarten children. Participants underwent the Eriksen flanker test before and after an exercise program that involved 35-min sessions twice per week for 8 weeks, with either low or moderate intensity. ...
Sedgwick Matthew J - - 2012
The ingestion of high-fat meals induces a state of endothelial dysfunction in adults. This dysfunction is attenuated by prior exercise. The response of young people to these nutritional and physiological stressors has not been established. Thus, the purpose of the present study was to investigate if a bout of moderate-intensity ...
Vernillo G - - 2012
This study aims to examine the cardiovascular responses during an indoor race walking competition over the distance of 3-km for female and 5-km for male athletes. During the Italian indoor RW Championship heart rate was monitored on eleven well trained race walkers (five men and six women) and then refereed ...
Pesce Caterina - - 2012
In exercise and cognition research, few studies have investigated whether and how the qualitative aspects of physical exercise may impact cognitive performance in the short or long term. This commentary, after recalling the evidence on the "dose-response" relationship, shifts the focus to intersections between different research areas that are proposed ...
Parker Matthew W - - 2012
BACKGROUND: Ambulatory patients with uncertain functional capacity may benefit from combined exercise and vasodilator stress protocols for myocardial perfusion imaging (MPI). The safety and MPI image quality with regadenoson administered during symptom-limited exercise have not been prospectively evaluated. METHODS AND RESULTS: A total of 140 patients (mean age 61 years, 48% ...
Tousignant Michel - - 2012
Purpose: To compare the effectiveness of supervised Tai Chi exercises versus the conventional physical therapy exercises in a personalized rehabilitation program in terms of the incidence and severity of falls in a frail older population. Method: The participants were frail older adults living in the community, admitted to the day ...
He Tailun - - 2012
Abstract Objective. This study evaluates the effects of chewing training on strength and endurance of the masticatory muscles. Materials and methods. Of the 49 healthy young adults included in the study, nine served as controls for a baseline measurement of bite force. The 40 participants who actively trained their masticatory ...
Naugle Kelly M KM Pain Research and Intervention Center for Excellence, University of Florida, Gainesville, FL, USA. - - 2012
The purpose of this article was to examine the effects of acute exercise on pain perception in healthy adults and adults with chronic pain using meta-analytic techniques. Specifically, studies using a repeated measures design to examine the effect of acute isometric, aerobic, or dynamic resistance exercise on pain threshold and ...
Shulman Lisa M - - 2012
OBJECTIVE To compare the efficacy of treadmill exercises and stretching and resistance exercises in improving gait speed, strength, and fitness for patients with Parkinson disease. DESIGN A comparative, prospective, randomized, single-blinded clinical trial of 3 types of physical exercise. SETTING The Parkinson's Disease and Movement Disorders Center at the University ...
King James A - - 2012
This study investigated the acute influence of exercise on eating behaviour in an ecologically valid setting whereby healthy active males were permitted complete ad libitum access to food. Ten healthy males completed two, eight hour trials (exercise and control) in a randomised-crossover design. In the exercise trials participants consumed a ...
Wong Shi N - - 2012
Abstract Exercise has been recommended for enhancing sleep; a claim linked to the belief that sleep need - defined by sleep duration and depth - is increased post-exercise to allow tissue recovery. Objective studies investigating exercise-sleep responses have produced mixed outcomes, and the disparity in results between studies may be ...
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