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Sayers Stephen P - - 2013
Studies have shown that power training increases peak power in older adults. Evaluating the external resistance (% one repetition-maximum [1RM]) at which peak power is developed is critical given that changes in the components of peak power (force and velocity) are dependent on the %1RM at which peak power occurs. ...
de Ruiter Cornelis J - - 2013
To develop an undemanding test for endurance capacity of the knee extensor muscles, which can also be applied with frail participants. We hypothesized firstly that the first objective indications for peripheral fatigue during incremental unilateral repetitive isometric knee extensor contractions could be used to assess a fatigue threshold (FT), secondly, ...
Zhang Li - - 2013
Objective:To study the effects of whole-body vibration exercises on the mobility function, balance and general health status, and its feasibility as an intervention in frail elderly patients.Design:Pilot randomized controlled trial.Subjects:Forty-four frail older persons (85.27 ± 3.63 years) meeting the Fried Frailty Criteria.Interventions:All eligible subjects were randomly assigned to the experimental ...
Jeukendrup Asker E - - 2013
Carbohydrates during exercise can improve exercise performance even when the exercise intensity is high (>75% V˙O2max) and the duration relatively short (approximately 1 h), but the underlying mechanisms for the ergogenic effects are different from those during more prolonged exercise. Studies have even shown effects of oral carbohydrate mouth rinses ...
Snell Christopher R - - 2013
ObjectivesReduced functional capacity and post-exertional fatigue following physical activity are hallmark symptoms of chronic fatigue syndrome (CFS) and may even qualify for biomarker status. That these symptoms are often delayed may explain the equivocal results for clinical cardiopulmonary exercise testing among individuals with CFS. Test reproducibility in healthy subjects is ...
Kloos Anne D - - 2013
Objective:To investigate the feasibility, acceptability, and safety of a supervised video game exercise program administered via Dance Dance Revolution in individuals with Huntington's disease.Design:A cross-over, controlled, single-blinded, six-week trial.Setting:Home-based.Participants:Eighteen ambulatory individuals with Huntington's disease (seven male, mean age 50.7 SD 14.7).Interventions:Participants played the Dance Dance Revolution game with supervision and ...
Kaminsky David A - - 2013
BACKGROUND:: Exercise capacity assessed by cardiopulmonary exercise testing is usually measured by peak oxygen consumption (peak VO2). However, not uncommonly, patients achieve a relatively higher Work load (peak Work) compared to their peak VO2. In these situations, it is difficult to know which parameter to use in assessing exercise capacity. ...
Harput Gulcan - - 2013
STUDY DESIGN: Experimental laboratory study. OBJECTIVE: To compare how the design of 2 balance platforms affect ankle musculature activation for various weight bearing exercises. BACKGROUND: Balance platforms are widely used in both training and rehabilitation and a better understanding of how platform design and type of exercise modify the demands ...
Ko Myoung-Hwan - - 2013
Previous studies have established that transcranial direct current stimulation (tDCS) is a powerful technique for the deliberate manipulation of the activity of human cerebral cortex. Moreover, it has also been shown that the non-exhausted voluntary motor exercise increases the excitability of corticospinal tract. We conducted this study to define the ...
Holland Anne E - - 2013
We evaluated the safety and feasibility of home telerehabilitation for people with chronic obstructive pulmonary disease (COPD). Eight patients with mean age of 66 years and moderately impaired lung function took part. The telerehabilitation equipment in the participant's home included an exercise bicycle, a tablet computer with webcam for low ...
Smith Tracey J - - 2013
OBJECTIVE: To assess whether active duty military personnel meet Healthy People 2010 objectives for physical activity and fruit, vegetable, and whole-grain intake; the relationship of select demographic characteristics, lifestyle factors (eg, smoking), and eating patterns (eg, frequency and location of meals) on achieving diet and exercise-related Healthy People 2010 objectives; ...
Bray Steven R - - 2013
Objective: To examine characteristics of client-interventionist interactions that may contribute to development of exercise-related efficacy beliefs of cardiac rehabilitation (CR) participants. Participants and Design: Study 1 used a correlational design to investigate relationships between CR program experience and proxy efficacy for in-class and self-regulated exercise in a sample of CR ...
Novak Dario - - 2013
The primary purpose of this study was to determine differences between elite athletes and tennis players in order to provide a clearer picture regarding the energy demands in modern tennis. Forty-eight (48) athletes and 24 tennis players from Croatian national leagues were compared in morphological and physiological parameters of an ...
Parsons Jonathan P - - 2013
Exercise-induced bronchoconstriction (EIB) describes acute airway narrowing that occurs as a result of exercise. EIB occurs in a substantial proportion of patients with asthma, but may also occur in individuals without known asthma. To provide clinicians with practical guidance, a multidisciplinary panel of stakeholders was convened to review the pathogenesis ...
Bartley Christine A - - 2013
BACKGROUND: This meta-analysis investigates the efficacy of exercise as a treatment for DSM-IV diagnosed anxiety disorders. METHODS: We searched PubMED and PsycINFO for randomized, controlled trials comparing the anxiolytic effects of aerobic exercise to other treatment conditions for DSM-IV defined anxiety disorders. Seven trials were included in the final analysis, ...
Fonda B - - 2013
The purpose of this study was to examine the effects of whole-body cryotherapy (WBC) on biochemical, pain, and performance parameters during the 5-day recovery period after damaging exercise for hamstrings. Participants completed a bout of damaging exercise for the hamstring muscles on two separate occasions (control and experimental condition) separated ...
Edwards A M - - 2013
There is conjecture over the efficacy of respiratory muscle training (RMT). The aim of this study was to establish whether or not exercise tolerance, physical performance and effort perceptions are influenced by RMT in response to an incremental exercise test designed to identify peak oxygen uptake (O2 peak). METHODS: Thirty ...
Gibbon K C - - 2013
The aim of this study was to determine the kinematic differences between movements on a new exercise device (EX) that promotes a stable trunk over a moving, unstable base of support, and overground walking (OW). Sixteen male participants performed EX and OW trials while their movements were tracked using a ...
Cochrane D J - - 2013
Intermittent pneumatic compression (IPC) has gained rapid popularity as a post-exercise recovery modality. Despite its widespread use and anecdotal claims for enhancing muscle recovery there is no scientific evidence to support its use. 10 healthy, active males performed a strenuous bout of eccentric exercise (3 sets of 100 repetitions) followed ...
Veasey R C - - 2013
The current study assessed the interactive effect of breakfast and exercise on cognition and mood. Twelve active males completed four trials; no breakfast-rest, breakfast-rest, no breakfast-exercise or breakfast-exercise in a randomized, cross-over design. The trials consisted of; breakfast or fast, a 2h rest, exercise (treadmill run) or equivalent rest, a ...
Luk Hui-Ying - - 2013
The purpose of the study was to examine the bilateral and unilateral force production difference in powerlifters (bilateral) and field jumpers (unilateral) to determine the existence of leg dominance.Nineteen powerlifters (PL; n= 11) and field jumpers (J; n= 8) were included in the study. Five different no arm swing countermovement ...
Healey Kellie C - - 2013
In the last decade self myofascial release (SMR) has become an increasingly common modality to supplement traditional methods of massage, so a masseuse is not necessary. However, there is limited clinical data demonstrating the efficacy or mechanism of this treatment on athletic performance .The purpose of this study was to ...
Borsa Paul A PA Department of Applied Physiology and Kinesiology, University of Florida, Gainesville, Florida 32611, USA. - - 2013
The purpose of this study was to assess the effects of consuming electrokinetically modified water (EMW) on attenuating muscle damage and improving functional recovery following a single bout of isokinetic resistance exercise. Subjects were randomly assigned to an EMW (n = 20) or a placebo control (n = 20) group. ...
Muggeridge David J - - 2013
The aim of the current study was to determine the effects of dietary nitrate ingestion on parameters of submaximal and supramaximal exercise and time trial (TT) performance in trained kayakers. Eight male kayakers completed four exercise trials consisting of an initial discontinuous graded exercise test to exhaustion and three performance ...
Hoon Matthew W - - 2013
The purpose of this review was to examine the effect of nitrate supplementation on exercise performance by systematic review and meta-analysis of controlled human studies. A search of four electronic databases and cross-referencing found 17 studies investigating the effect of inorganic nitrate supplementation on exercise performance that met the inclusion ...
Schuler Gerhard - - 2013
On an empirical basis, exercise has been regarded as a fundamental pre-requisite for human well-being and physical integrity since classical times. Only in the last decades, however, scientific evidence has accumulated proving its role in the prevention and treatment of multiple chronic diseases beyond any reasonable doubt. Few treatment strategies ...
Romano Michele - - 2013
Study Design. Systematic review of interventions.Objectives. To evaluate the efficacy of SSE in adolescent patients with AIS.Summary of Background Data. Adolescent idiopathic scoliosis (AIS) is a three-dimensional deformity of the spine. While AIS can progress during growth and cause a surface deformity, it is usually not symptomatic. However, in adulthood, ...
Ellis Terry - - 2013
OBJECTIVE: The short-term benefits of exercise for persons with Parkinson disease (PD) are well established, but long-term adherence is limited. The aim of this study was to explore the feasibility, acceptability, and preliminary evidence of the effectiveness of a virtual exercise coach to promote daily walking in community-dwelling persons with ...
Burian A - - 2013
PURPOSE: Muscle injuries and extensive exercise are associated with cyclooxygenase dependent formation of inflammatory prostaglandins. Since the effect of topical administration of non-steroidal anti-inflammatory drugs (NSAIDs) on local cyclooxygenase is unknown, the present exploratory, open label, non-randomized study set out to measure exercise induced release of prostaglandins before and after ...
Earhart Gammon M - - 2013
Parkinson disease (PD) is a progressive, neurodegenerative movement disorder. PD was originally attributed to neuronal loss within the substantia nigra pars compacta, and a concomitant loss of dopamine. PD is now thought to be a multisystem disorder that involves not only the dopaminergic system, but other neurotransmitter systems whose role ...
Nitin Y M - - 2013
VO2 max is the maximum amount of oxygen a person can consume and the value does not change despite an increase in workload. There is lack of data evaluating the impact of factors, which could affect VO2 max measurement, particularly in Indian population. The objectives of the present study were ...
West C R - - 2013
We asked whether specific inspiratory muscle training (IMT) improves respiratory structure and function and peak exercise responses in highly trained athletes with cervical spinal cord injury (SCI). Ten Paralympic wheelchair rugby players with motor-complete SCI (C5-C7) were paired by functional classification then randomly assigned to an IMT or placebo group. ...
Kang Suk Y - - 2013
OBJECTIVE: To investigate whether finger exercise affects surround inhibition in professional musicians as it was previously observed in non-musicians, we performed a transcranial magnetic stimulation (TMS) study in 13 healthy right-handed professional musicians. METHODS: TMS was set to be triggered by self-initiated flexion of the index finger at 3ms after ...
Watson Elle - - 2013
There are many established benefits of exercise for older adults. Emerging studies suggest that it may even be able to slow the progression of Alzheimer's disease (AD) in older adults with the disease. However, it is yet unknown how bedside nurses can monitor ongoing exercise participation in this population due ...
Lee S S Division of Weight Management and Wellness, Children's Hospital of Pittsburgh of UPMC, University of Pittsburgh School of Medicine, Pittsburgh, PA 15224, USA. - - 2013
We examined the effects of acute exercise on postprandial triglyceride (TG) metabolism following a high-fat meal in overweight black vs white adolescents. Twenty-one black and 17 white adolescents (12-18 yrs, body mass index 85th percentile) were evaluated twice, during control versus exercise trials, 1-4 weeks apart, in a counterbalanced randomized ...
Hind Karen - - 2013
BACKGROUND: Developing Interventions for Children's Exercise (DICE) is an initiative aimed at determining effective school-based exercise programmes. In order to assess feasibility, we conducted a pilot study of exercise sessions which varied in duration and frequency. METHODS: Exercise interventions were delivered to Year 3 pupils (age 7 to 8 years; ...
Chang Yu-Kai - - 2013
OBJECTIVES: To evaluate the effect of acute resistance exercise on multiple cognitive measures in late middle-aged adults and to address the question of whether general or selective cognitive improvements occur. DESIGN: A counterbalanced repeated-measures experimental design. METHODS: Thirty adults (mean age=58.1±3.0 years) were administered five different Stroop test conditions before ...
Sale Craig - - 2013
Carnosine was first discovered in skeletal muscle, where its concentration is higher than in any other tissue. This, along with an understanding of its role as an intracellular pH buffer has made it a dipeptide of interest for the athletic population with its potential to increase high-intensity exercise performance and ...
Zimmerli Lukas - - 2013
To investigate the influence of different design characteristics of virtual reality exercises on engagement during lower extremity motor rehabilitation. Correlational study. Spinal cord injury (SCI) rehabilitation center. Subjects with SCI (n=12) and control subjects (n=10). Not applicable. Heart rate and electromyographic activity from both legs at the tibialis anterior, the ...
Gao Zan - - 2013
There is a paucity of research investigating the effects of innovative physical activity programs on physical health and academic performance in the Latino population. To examine the impact of Dance Dance Revolution [DDR]-based exercise on Latino children's physical fitness and academic achievement. A repeated-measures crossover design was used. In Year ...
Liu Ting-Yuan - - 2013
Background: After harvesting the fibula flap, pain, sensory disturbance, weakness of donor leg, reduced walking endurance, ankle instability, and lower walking speed had been reported. The aim of this study was to quantitatively assess functional outcome of regular home-based exercise on donor ankle strength, endurance, and walking ability after free ...
Horton S J - - 2013
to describe and evaluate the effect of an exercise self-management programme for an oral health student who was suffering from a musculoskeletal disorder which had developed in the clinical environment during the course of training. Single participant case report. The University of Otago Faculty of Dentistry and School of Physiotherapy. ...
Rauch H G Laurie - - 2013
This article reviews the brain structures and neural circuitry underlying the motor system as it pertains to endurance exercise. Some obvious phenomena that occur during endurance racing events that need to be explained neurophysiologically are variable pacing strategies, the end spurt, motivation and the rating of perceived exertion. Understanding the ...
Delfa de la Morena José M - - 2013
ABSTRACT: The purpose of this study was to investigate adaptation mechanisms following two test rounds consisting of eccentric exercise using pressure pain imaging of the wrist extensors. Pressure pain thresholds (PPT) were assessed over 12 points forming a 3×4 matrix over the dominant elbow in 12 participants. From the PPT ...
Peltier Sébastien L - - 2013
ABSTRACT: Sports drinks are often used before, during and after tennis tournaments, but their ability to influence physiological and psychological variables and the characteristics of tennis match play remains uncertain. The objective of this study was to evaluate the impact of ingesting specially formulated pre-exercise, endurance and recovery sports drinks ...
Esmaeili-Mahani Saeed - - 2013
Numerous studies have shown a decreased analgesic potency of morphine in exercise trained animals. Since G-protein subunits have a critical role in opioid effects at the cellular level and the exact mechanism(s) of exercise-induced morphine insensitivity has not been fully clarified, the present study was designed to determine the changes ...
Mullen Sean P - - 2013
The purpose of this study was to determine a profile for predicting attrition among older adults involved in a 12-month exercise program. The parent study was a single-blinded randomized controlled trial. The study took place between 2006 and 2009 within a university setting. Older adults (N = 179) completed baseline assessments of ...
Torres Rui - - 2013
To analyze the effects of a single bout and repeated bouts of stretching on indirect markers of exercise-induced muscle damage. A randomized controlled clinical trial at a university human research laboratory was conducted. Fifty-six untrained males were randomly divided into four groups. (I) a single stretching group underwent a single ...
Anziska Yaacov - - 2013
In this review, we present an overview of the role of exercise in neuromuscular disease (NMD). We demonstrate that despite the different pathologies in NMDs, exercise is beneficial, whether aerobic/endurance or strength/resistive training, and we explore whether this benefit has a similar mechanism to that of healthy subjects. We discuss ...
Fulford Jonathan - - 2013
Dietary nitrate supplementation, which enhances nitric oxide (NO) bioavailability, has previously been shown to contribute to improved exercise performance by reducing both oxygen cost and energy expenditure. In contrast, previous studies have indicated that NO can lower force production in vitro. To examine the role of dietary nitrates in regulating ...
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