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Lazarinis Nikolaos - - 2013
In mild asthma exercise-induced bronchoconstriction (EIB) is usually treated with inhaled short-acting β2 agonists (SABAs) on demand. The hypothesis was that a combination of budesonide and formoterol on demand diminishes EIB equally to regular inhalation of budesonide and is more effective than terbutaline inhaled on demand. Sixty-six patients with asthma ...
Bonini Matteo - - 2013
It is well known that physical exercise can trigger asthma symptoms and can induce bronchial obstruction in people without clinical asthma. International guidelines on asthma management recommend the use of beta2-agonists at any stage of the disease. At present, however, no consensus has been reached about the efficacy and safety ...
Teo Wei-Peng - - 2013
In healthy subjects, fatiguing exercises induce a period of post-exercise corticomotor depression (PECD) that is absent in Parkinson's disease (PD). Our objective is to determine the time-course of corticomotor excitability changes following a 10-s repetitive index finger flexion-extension task performed at maximal voluntary rate (MVR) and a slower sustainable rate ...
Hoon Matthew W - - 2013
The purpose of this review was to examine the effect of nitrate supplementation on exercise performance by systematic review and meta-analysis of controlled human studies. A search of four electronic databases and cross-referencing found 17 studies investigating the effect of inorganic nitrate supplementation on exercise performance that met the inclusion ...
Hoon Matthew W - - 2013
Beetroot juice is a naturally rich source of inorganic nitrate (NO3-), a compound hypothesized to enhance endurance performance by improving exercise efficiency. This study investigated the effect of different doses of beetroot juice on 2,000 m ergometer rowing performance in highly trained athletes. Ten highly trained male rowers volunteered to ...
Ben Moussa Zouita A - - 2013
Our objective is to investigate the effects of proprioceptive exercises rehabilitation on isokinetic strength and postural balance in athletes with sprain ankle. The ankles of 16 subjects were tested: eight in the functional instability (FI) group and eight non-injured (NI) subjects in the control group. Subjects were asked to take ...
Caiati Carlo - - 2013
Post-treadmill digital echocardiography (post-TME) is the most widely used form of exercise echocardiography, but ischemia can rapidly resolve in the postexercise period; peak upright bicycle digital echocardiography (UBE) has the advantage of providing images at peak exercise that reflect normal physiology. However, the comparative accuracy of the two methods in ...
Allen Charles R - - 2013
Due to the relative newness of such products, there are few investigations into using performance mouthpieces during sport and physical activity to substantiate claims of performance enhancement. The purpose of this study was to investigate the acute effect of a commercially available, non-injury preventive, performance mouthpiece on practical, acute performance ...
Bickmore Timothy W - - 2013
To compare the efficacy of a computer-based physical activity program (Embodied Conversational Agent-ECA) with that of a pedometer control condition in sedentary older adults. Single-blind block-randomized controlled trial stratified according to clinic site and health literacy status. Three urban ambulatory care practices at Boston Medical Center between April 2009 and ...
Bradford David T - - 2013
The group practice called "sacramental meditation" relies on sacred objects and spontaneous imagination to prepare its participants for spiritual experience. The meditation object is likened to an icon. The practice is compared with Loyola's "spiritual exercises" and the therapeutic technique of "active imagination'. Fowler's theory of faith development is used ...
Reddy Shailesh - - 2013
We have developed a reliable and valid clinical test of reaction time (RTclin) that is sensitive to the acute effects of concussion. If RTclin is to be used as a sideline concussion assessment tool then the acute effects of exercise on RTclin may need to be controlled for. The purpose ...
Wong Shi Hui - - 2013
Studies of exercise in patients with Myasthenia Gravis (MG) are sparse. Balance strategy training (BST) multi-modal exercise has proven efficacy in adults for enhancing balance and functional mobility. This prospective study aims to determine if BST improves functional ability and balance in people with MG. Seven individuals with MG participated ...
Sedgwick M J - - 2013
The purpose of this study was to investigate the effect of accumulating 60 min of exercise on endothelial function and triacylglycerol concentrations following the ingestion of a high-fat breakfast and lunch in 14 adolescent boys (aged 12 to 14 years). Two, 2-day main trials (control and exercise) were completed in a ...
Littlewood Chris - - 2013
Rotator cuff tendinopathy is a common source of shoulder pain characterised by persistent and/or recurrent problems for a proportion of sufferers. The aim of this study was to pilot the methods proposed to conduct a substantive study to evaluate the effectiveness of a self-managed loaded exercise programme versus usual physiotherapy ...
Keles S B - - 2013
The aim of this study was to investigate the effects of a combined eccentric-concentric exercise program of the ankle evertors and dorsiflexors on the latency time of the peroneus longus and tibialis anterior muscles. Twenty-four healthy male recreational athletes were admitted to this study and were randomly assigned to either ...
Rønnestad Bent R - - 2013
The purpose of this study was to investigate the acute physiological responses of interval protocols utilizing the minimal power output (MAP) that elicits peak oxygen uptake (VO2peak) as exercise intensity and different durations of work intervals during intermittent cycling. In randomized order, thirteen well-trained male cyclists (VO2peak = 67 ± ...
Pritchard-Peschek Kellie R - - 2013
The purpose of the present study was to examine a possible dose-response between pre-exercise pseudoephedrine intake and cycling time trial performance. Ten trained male endurance cyclists (26.5±6.2 years, 75.1±5.9kg, 70.6±6.8mLkg(-1)min(-1)) undertook three cycling time trials in which a fixed amount of work (7kJkg(-1) body mass) was completed in the shortest ...
Worthen-Chaudhari Lise - - 2013
Interactive arts technologies, designed to augment the acute neurorehabilitation provided by expert therapists, may overcome existing barriers of access for patients with low motor and cognitive function. Develop an application prototype to present movement feedback interactively and creatively. Evaluate feasibility of use within acute neurorehabilitation. Record demographics and Functional Independent ...
Elfering Achim - - 2013
Stochastic resonance whole-body vibration training (SR-WBV) was tested to reduce work-related musculoskeletal complaints. Participants were 54 white-collar employees of a Swiss organization. The controlled crossover design comprised two groups each given 4 weeks of exercise and no training during a second 4-week period. Outcome was daily musculoskeletal well-being, musculoskeletal pain, ...
Palmer Kara K - - 2013
A growing body of research has illuminated beneficial effects of a single bout of physical activity (i.e., acute exercise) on cognitive function in school-age children. However, the influence of acute exercise on preschoolers' cognitive function has not been reported. To address this shortcoming, the current study examined the effects of ...
Zhang Yang - - 2013
This study examined the separate effects of caffeine and menthol on cognition and mood during simulated firefighting in the heat. Participants (N = 10) performed three trials in a counterbalanced order, either with 400 mg caffeine, menthol lozenges, or placebo. The simulated firefighting consisted of 2 bouts of 20-min treadmill exercise and one ...
Sayers Stephen P - - 2013
Studies have shown that power training increases peak power in older adults. Evaluating the external resistance (% one repetition-maximum [1RM]) at which peak power is developed is critical given that changes in the components of peak power (force and velocity) are dependent on the %1RM at which peak power occurs. ...
de Ruiter Cornelis J - - 2013
To develop an undemanding test for endurance capacity of the knee extensor muscles, which can also be applied with frail participants. We hypothesized firstly that the first objective indications for peripheral fatigue during incremental unilateral repetitive isometric knee extensor contractions could be used to assess a fatigue threshold (FT), secondly, ...
Zhang Li - - 2013
Objective:To study the effects of whole-body vibration exercises on the mobility function, balance and general health status, and its feasibility as an intervention in frail elderly patients.Design:Pilot randomized controlled trial.Subjects:Forty-four frail older persons (85.27 ± 3.63 years) meeting the Fried Frailty Criteria.Interventions:All eligible subjects were randomly assigned to the experimental ...
Etoh Seiji - - 2013
Objective: To investigate whether multiple sessions of 1-Hz repetitive transcranial magnetic stimulation (rTMS) facilitates the effect of repetitive facilitation exercises on hemiplegic upper-limb function in chronic stroke patients. Design: Randomized double-blinded crossover study. Patients: Eighteen patients with hemiplegia of the upper limb. Methods: Patients were assigned to 2 groups: a ...
Jeukendrup Asker E - - 2013
Carbohydrates during exercise can improve exercise performance even when the exercise intensity is high (>75% V˙O2max) and the duration relatively short (approximately 1 h), but the underlying mechanisms for the ergogenic effects are different from those during more prolonged exercise. Studies have even shown effects of oral carbohydrate mouth rinses ...
Snell Christopher R - - 2013
ObjectivesReduced functional capacity and post-exertional fatigue following physical activity are hallmark symptoms of chronic fatigue syndrome (CFS) and may even qualify for biomarker status. That these symptoms are often delayed may explain the equivocal results for clinical cardiopulmonary exercise testing among individuals with CFS. Test reproducibility in healthy subjects is ...
Kloos Anne D - - 2013
Objective:To investigate the feasibility, acceptability, and safety of a supervised video game exercise program administered via Dance Dance Revolution in individuals with Huntington's disease.Design:A cross-over, controlled, single-blinded, six-week trial.Setting:Home-based.Participants:Eighteen ambulatory individuals with Huntington's disease (seven male, mean age 50.7 SD 14.7).Interventions:Participants played the Dance Dance Revolution game with supervision and ...
Kaminsky David A - - 2013
BACKGROUND:: Exercise capacity assessed by cardiopulmonary exercise testing is usually measured by peak oxygen consumption (peak VO2). However, not uncommonly, patients achieve a relatively higher Work load (peak Work) compared to their peak VO2. In these situations, it is difficult to know which parameter to use in assessing exercise capacity. ...
Harput Gulcan - - 2013
STUDY DESIGN: Experimental laboratory study. OBJECTIVE: To compare how the design of 2 balance platforms affect ankle musculature activation for various weight bearing exercises. BACKGROUND: Balance platforms are widely used in both training and rehabilitation and a better understanding of how platform design and type of exercise modify the demands ...
Ko Myoung-Hwan - - 2013
Previous studies have established that transcranial direct current stimulation (tDCS) is a powerful technique for the deliberate manipulation of the activity of human cerebral cortex. Moreover, it has also been shown that the non-exhausted voluntary motor exercise increases the excitability of corticospinal tract. We conducted this study to define the ...
Holland Anne E - - 2013
We evaluated the safety and feasibility of home telerehabilitation for people with chronic obstructive pulmonary disease (COPD). Eight patients with mean age of 66 years and moderately impaired lung function took part. The telerehabilitation equipment in the participant's home included an exercise bicycle, a tablet computer with webcam for low ...
Smith Tracey J - - 2013
OBJECTIVE: To assess whether active duty military personnel meet Healthy People 2010 objectives for physical activity and fruit, vegetable, and whole-grain intake; the relationship of select demographic characteristics, lifestyle factors (eg, smoking), and eating patterns (eg, frequency and location of meals) on achieving diet and exercise-related Healthy People 2010 objectives; ...
Bray Steven R - - 2013
Objective: To examine characteristics of client-interventionist interactions that may contribute to development of exercise-related efficacy beliefs of cardiac rehabilitation (CR) participants. Participants and Design: Study 1 used a correlational design to investigate relationships between CR program experience and proxy efficacy for in-class and self-regulated exercise in a sample of CR ...
Novak Dario - - 2013
The primary purpose of this study was to determine differences between elite athletes and tennis players in order to provide a clearer picture regarding the energy demands in modern tennis. Forty-eight (48) athletes and 24 tennis players from Croatian national leagues were compared in morphological and physiological parameters of an ...
Parsons Jonathan P - - 2013
Exercise-induced bronchoconstriction (EIB) describes acute airway narrowing that occurs as a result of exercise. EIB occurs in a substantial proportion of patients with asthma, but may also occur in individuals without known asthma. To provide clinicians with practical guidance, a multidisciplinary panel of stakeholders was convened to review the pathogenesis ...
Bartley Christine A - - 2013
BACKGROUND: This meta-analysis investigates the efficacy of exercise as a treatment for DSM-IV diagnosed anxiety disorders. METHODS: We searched PubMED and PsycINFO for randomized, controlled trials comparing the anxiolytic effects of aerobic exercise to other treatment conditions for DSM-IV defined anxiety disorders. Seven trials were included in the final analysis, ...
Fonda B - - 2013
The purpose of this study was to examine the effects of whole-body cryotherapy (WBC) on biochemical, pain, and performance parameters during the 5-day recovery period after damaging exercise for hamstrings. Participants completed a bout of damaging exercise for the hamstring muscles on two separate occasions (control and experimental condition) separated ...
Edwards A M - - 2013
There is conjecture over the efficacy of respiratory muscle training (RMT). The aim of this study was to establish whether or not exercise tolerance, physical performance and effort perceptions are influenced by RMT in response to an incremental exercise test designed to identify peak oxygen uptake (O2 peak). METHODS: Thirty ...
Gibbon K C - - 2013
The aim of this study was to determine the kinematic differences between movements on a new exercise device (EX) that promotes a stable trunk over a moving, unstable base of support, and overground walking (OW). Sixteen male participants performed EX and OW trials while their movements were tracked using a ...
Cochrane D J - - 2013
Intermittent pneumatic compression (IPC) has gained rapid popularity as a post-exercise recovery modality. Despite its widespread use and anecdotal claims for enhancing muscle recovery there is no scientific evidence to support its use. 10 healthy, active males performed a strenuous bout of eccentric exercise (3 sets of 100 repetitions) followed ...
Veasey R C - - 2013
The current study assessed the interactive effect of breakfast and exercise on cognition and mood. Twelve active males completed four trials; no breakfast-rest, breakfast-rest, no breakfast-exercise or breakfast-exercise in a randomized, cross-over design. The trials consisted of; breakfast or fast, a 2h rest, exercise (treadmill run) or equivalent rest, a ...
Luk Hui-Ying - - 2013
The purpose of the study was to examine the bilateral and unilateral force production difference in powerlifters (bilateral) and field jumpers (unilateral) to determine the existence of leg dominance.Nineteen powerlifters (PL; n= 11) and field jumpers (J; n= 8) were included in the study. Five different no arm swing countermovement ...
Healey Kellie C - - 2013
In the last decade self myofascial release (SMR) has become an increasingly common modality to supplement traditional methods of massage, so a masseuse is not necessary. However, there is limited clinical data demonstrating the efficacy or mechanism of this treatment on athletic performance .The purpose of this study was to ...
Borsa Paul Anthony - - 2013
Purpose: To assess the effects of consuming electrokinetically modified water (EMW) on attenuating muscle damage and improving functional recovery following a single bout of isokinetic resistance exercise. Methods: Subjects were randomly assigned to an EMW (n=20) or a placebo control (n=20) group. Subjects consumed EMW or placebo water daily for ...
Muggeridge David J - - 2013
The aim of the current study was to determine the effects of dietary nitrate ingestion on parameters of submaximal and supramaximal exercise and time trial (TT) performance in trained kayakers. Eight male kayakers completed four exercise trials consisting of an initial discontinuous graded exercise test to exhaustion and three performance ...
Hoon Matthew W - - 2013
The purpose of this review was to examine the effect of nitrate supplementation on exercise performance by systematic review and meta-analysis of controlled human studies. A search of four electronic databases and cross-referencing found 17 studies investigating the effect of inorganic nitrate supplementation on exercise performance that met the inclusion ...
Schuler Gerhard - - 2013
On an empirical basis, exercise has been regarded as a fundamental pre-requisite for human well-being and physical integrity since classical times. Only in the last decades, however, scientific evidence has accumulated proving its role in the prevention and treatment of multiple chronic diseases beyond any reasonable doubt. Few treatment strategies ...
Romano Michele - - 2013
Study Design. Systematic review of interventions.Objectives. To evaluate the efficacy of SSE in adolescent patients with AIS.Summary of Background Data. Adolescent idiopathic scoliosis (AIS) is a three-dimensional deformity of the spine. While AIS can progress during growth and cause a surface deformity, it is usually not symptomatic. However, in adulthood, ...
Ellis Terry - - 2013
OBJECTIVE: The short-term benefits of exercise for persons with Parkinson disease (PD) are well established, but long-term adherence is limited. The aim of this study was to explore the feasibility, acceptability, and preliminary evidence of the effectiveness of a virtual exercise coach to promote daily walking in community-dwelling persons with ...
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