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Makaruk H H Department of Track and Field, The Josef Pilsudski University of Physical Education in Warsaw, Faculty of Physical Education in Biala Podlaska, - - 2014
The aim of this study was to examine the chronic effects of single and repeated jumps training on vertical landing force (VGRF) and jump height in untrained men. The VGRF and jump height were compared after a six-week plyometric training programme containing single and repeated jumps, together with two additional ...
León Julia J Department of Physical Education and Sport, University of Granada, Granada, - - 2014
We have compared the effects of different 12-week exercise programs on simple and choice reaction and movement times in 61-84 years-old people. One hundred and thirty-eight volunteers were randomized to a control group, 2-day exercise group (two 60-minute sessions a week of aerobic exercises) or 2-day physical plus cognitive exercise ...
Dickstein Ruth R Department of Physical Therapy, Faculty of Social Welfare and Health Sciences, University of Haifa, Haifa, - - 2014
Stroke is the leading cause of adult disability, with walking impairment being a devastating indicator of chronic post-stroke hemiparesis. Limited resources exist for individual treatments; therefore, the delivery of safe group exercise therapy is highly desired. To examine whether the application of group-based motor imagery practice to community-dwelling individuals with ...
Ostojic Sergej M SM a Center for Health, Exercise and Sport Sciences , Stari DIF , Belgrade , - - 2014
Possible appliance of effective and safe alkalizing agent in the treatment of metabolic acidosis could be of particular interest to humans experiencing an increase in plasma acidity, such as exercise-induced acidosis. In the present study we tested the hypothesis that the daily oral intake of 2L of hydrogen-rich water (HRW) ...
Kim Haroo H Department of Physical Therapy, College of Rehabilitation Science, Daegu University, Republic of - - 2014
[Purpose] The purpose of this study was to compare the potential effects of resistance exercise according to the positions of the arms and the rotation of the humerus on the subhumeral acromial space. [Subjects] The study subjects were 34 subjects without shoulder pain. [Methods] Ultrasonographic measurements of the acromiohumeral distance ...
Moon Dong-Chul DC Department of Physical Therapy, Graduate School of Daegu University, Republic of - - 2014
[Purpose] The aim of this study was to determine the immediate effect of short-foot exercise (SFE) on the dynamic balance of subjects with excessively pronated feet. [Subjects] This study included 18 subjects with excessively pronated feet (navicular drop ≥ 10 mm) selected using the navicular drop test. [Methods] The limit of ...
Naphade Milind M Department of Oral and Maxillofacial Surgery, V.Y.W.S. Dental College and Hospital, Wadali Road, Amravati 444602, - - 2014
Oral submucous fibrosis (OSMF) is an insidious chronic disease affecting any part of the oral cavity and sometimes the pharynx with epithelial atrophy leading to stiffness of the oral mucosa, causing trismus and inability to eat. However, a more serious complication of this disease is the risk of the development ...
Lowe Cassandra J CJ School of Public Health and Health Systems, University of Waterloo Waterloo, ON, - - 2014
Prior studies have demonstrated that a single session of aerobic exercise can enhance cognitive functioning; specifically, the inhibition facet of executive function (EF). Additionally, previous research has demonstrated that inhibitory abilities are essential for effective dietary self-control. However, it is currently unknown whether exercise induced enhancements in EF also facilitate ...
Ota Kiyomi K Health Promotion Division, Department of Health Welfare, Takahashi city - - 2014
Objectives We sought to identify factors relating to stages of change in walking exercise behavior among older adults living in a hilly, mountainous area in search of effective interventions to aid transitions.Methods An anonymous self-administered questionnaire survey was conducted with all older adults aged between 60 and 74 years (n=752) living in ...
Shokraviyan Monireh M Department of Physiology, Islamic Azad University, Damghan Branch, Damghan, - - 2014
Morphine is widely used to treat chronic pain. However, its utility is hindered by the development of tolerance to its analgesic effects. Despite the renowned beneficial effects of physical exercise on cognitive functions and signs of morphine withdrawal in morphine-dependent rats, little is known about the roles of voluntary and ...
Wells Cherie C Faculty of Health, University of Canberra, Bruce, Australian Capital Territory, Australia; School of Science and Health, University of Western Sydney, Campbelltown, New South Wales, - - 2014
To evaluate the effectiveness of Pilates exercise in people with chronic low back pain (CLBP) through a systematic review of randomised controlled trials (RCTs). A search for RCTs was undertaken using Medical Search Terms and synonyms for "Pilates" and "low back pain" within the maximal date range of 10 databases. ...
Maddison Ralph R National Institute for Health Innovation, University of Auckland , Auckland , New - - 2014
The ubiquitous use of mobile phones provides an ideal opportunity to deliver interventions to increase physical activity levels. Understanding potential mediators of such interventions is needed to increase their effectiveness. A recent randomized controlled trial of a mobile phone and Internet (mHealth) intervention was conducted in New Zealand to determine ...
Meamarbashi Abbas A Department of Physical Education and Sports Sciences, University of Mohaghegh Ardabili, Ardabil , I. R. - - 2014
Effect of peppermint on exercise performance was previously investigated but equivocal findings exist. This study aimed to investigate the effects of peppermint ingestion on the physiological parameters and exercise performance after 5 min and 1 h. Thirty healthy male university students were randomly divided into experimental (n=15) and control (n=15) ...
Habibi Ehsanollah E Department of Occupational Health Engineering, Isfahan University of Medical Sciences, Isfahan, - - 2014
To establish a balance between work (physical exercise) and human beings, the aerobic capacity (VO2 max) could be used as a measure. Additionally, the subjective and physiological assessment could be applied as one of the methods for assessing physical exercise. The most commonly used tools for the assessment of fatigue ...
Lima Leonardo Coelho Rabello LC Human Performance Laboratory, Physical Education Department, São Paulo State University, Rio Claro, SP, - - 2014
Postactivation potentiation (PAP) is known to enhance force production. Maximal isometric strength assessment protocols usually consist of two or more maximal voluntary isometric contractions (MVCs). The objective of this study was to determine if PAP would influence isometric strength assessment. Healthy male volunteers (n = 23) performed two five-second MVCs ...
Porteus Cosima S CS Department of Zoology, University of British Columbia, Vancouver, BC, Canada, V6T 1Z4. Electronic address: - - 2013
The aim of this study was to determine whether time domains exist in the hypoxic ventilatory (HVR) and cardiac responses (HCR) of bowfin (Amia calva), a facultative air breather, exposed to sustained hypoxia (SH) (26mmHg at 8°C or 45mmHg at 22°C). It was hypothesized that time domains would be evident ...
de Ataide E Silva Thays T Sport Science Research Group, Department of Physical Education and Sports Science (CAV), Federal University of Pernambuco, Alto do Reservatório street, Bela Vista, Vitória de Santo Antão, Pernambuco 55608-680, Brazil. - - 2014
The purpose of this review was to identify studies that have investigated the effect of carbohydrate (CHO) mouth rinse on exercise performance, and to quantify the overall mean difference of this type of manipulation across the studies. The main mechanisms involving the potential benefit of CHO mouth rinse on performance ...
Snarr Ronald L RL School of Nutrition and Health Promotion, Arizona State University, Phoenix, - - 2013
There is very limited scientific data concerning suspension training. The purpose of this investigation was to compare the electromyographic activity of the pectoralis major, anterior deltoid, and triceps brachii between a suspension push-up and traditional push-up. Twenty-one apparently healthy men (n = 15, age = 25.93 ± 3.67 years) and ...
Virani Aneesha A Louisiana State University, Department of Communication Sciences and Disorders, Baton Rouge, LA, - - 2013
Background: This study investigated the effects of two different swallowing exercise regimens performed during radiation therapy with/without chemotherapy on swallowing function. Methods: Fifty patients were recruited prospectively to two groups (exercise/EX group: n=26 and repetitive swallow/SW group: n=24). Functional Oral Intake Scale scores and PEG placements were compared at post-treatment ...
Fragala-Pinkham Maria A MA Research Center for Children with Special Health Care Needs - - 2013
Abstract Purpose: The primary purpose of this pilot study was to evaluate the effectiveness of a14-week aquatic exercise program on gross motor function and walking endurance in children with cerebral palsy (CP). The secondary purpose was to evaluate changes in functional strength, aerobic capacity and balance. Method: A prospective time ...
Lowery David D Central and North West London NHS Foundation Trust (CNWL), London, UK; Primary Care and Population Health, University College London (UCL), London, - - 2013
The objective of this study is to evaluate the effectiveness of a simple dyadic (person with dementia and their main carer) exercise regimen as a therapy for the behavioural and psychological symptoms of dementia. A two arm, pragmatic, randomised, controlled, single-blind, parallel-group trial of a dyadic exercise regimen (individually tailored ...
Van Borsel John - - 2013
Background:Although aesthetic correction of facial aging had long been the exclusive domain of plastic surgeons and dermatologists, alternative nonmedical approaches to facial rejuvenation are becoming more popular, such as facial acupuncture, facial acupressure, and facial exercises. However, the effectiveness of these alternative approaches is still a topic of debate.Objectives:The authors ...
Lazarus C L CL Department of Otolaryngology - Head and Neck Surgery, Beth Israel Medical Center, New York, USA; Thyroid Head and Neck Cancer Foundation, Beth Israel Medical Center, New York, USA. Electronic address: - - 2013
Tongue strength is reduced in patients treated with chemoradiotherapy for oral/oropharyngeal cancer. Tongue strengthening protocols have resulted in improved lingual strength and swallowing in healthy individuals, as well as in patients following a neurological event. However, no studies have examined the efficacy of tongue strengthening exercises on tongue strength, swallowing, ...
Lee Jason K W - - 2013
To assess the efficacy of neck cooling on cognitive performance following exertional hyperthermia. Twelve healthy men completed two experimental trials [control (CON) and neck cooling collar (NCC)] in a counter-balanced design. They ran on a treadmill at 70 % VO2peak under warm and humid conditions (dry bulb temperature: 30.2 ± 0.3 °C, relative humidity: ...
Ueda Shin-Ya - - 2013
The purpose of this study was to investigate the effects of 12 weeks of exercise training on gut hormone levels after a single bout of exercise in middle-aged Japanese women. Twenty healthy middle-aged women were recruited for this study. Several measurements were performed pre and post exercise training, including: body weight ...
Allen Charles R - - 2013
Due to the relative newness of such products, there are few investigations into using performance mouthpieces during sport and physical activity to substantiate claims of performance enhancement. The purpose of this study was to investigate the acute effect of a commercially available, non-injury preventive, performance mouthpiece on practical, acute performance ...
Sælen Håkon - - 2013
Cross-country skiing is important to many Norwegians as exercise and recreation during winter. The most heavily used areas for cross-country skiing are the forests near the capital city Oslo. Here, observed and predicted climate change lead to reduced snow days. A choice experiment estimates forest users' willingness to pay (WTP) ...
Guthrie Lori C - - 2013
Abstract Purpose . Time perspective, a psychological construct denoting subjective orientation to either present or future concerns, has been inconsistently associated with healthy behaviors in adults. We hypothesized that associations would be stronger in young adults, who are first developing independent attitudes, than in older adults. Design . Cross-sectional survey. ...
Haas Romi - - 2013
Several randomised trials demonstrate that multi dimensional falls prevention programs are effective in reducing falls in older adults. There is a need to examine the impact of these programs in real life settings where diverse populations exist. The aim of this study was to examine the acceptability and impact on ...
Brumitt Jason J School of Physical Therapy, Pacific University (Oregon), Hillsboro, - - 2013
Therapeutic exercises are frequently prescribed to patients with low back pain. Numerous exercise programs for patients with low back pain have been described. Many of these treatment programs are based on 1 of 2 popular rehabilitation strategies: a motor control exercise approach or a general exercise approach. PubMed clinical queries ...
Hutcheson Katherine A KA Department of Head and Neck Surgery, University of Texas MD Anderson Cancer Center, - - 2013
Data support proactive swallowing therapy during radiotherapy (RT) or chemoradiotherapy (CRT) for pharyngeal cancers. The benefits of adherence to a regimen of swallowing exercises and maintaining oral intake throughout treatment are reported, but independent effects are unclear. To evaluate the independent effects of maintaining oral intake throughout radiotherapy and adherence ...
Brach Jennifer S JS Department of Physical Therapy, University of Pittsburgh, Pittsburgh, - - 2013
To compare the effect of motor learning with that of standard exercise on measures of mobility and perceived function and disability. Single-blind randomized trial. University research center. Older adults (n = 40) with a mean age of 77.1 ± 6.0, normal walking speed (≥ 1.0 m/s), and impaired motor skills ...
Miladi-Gorji Hossein - - 2013
This study was designed to examine the effect of voluntary exercise on hippocampal long-term potentiation (LTP) in morphine-dependent rats. The rats were randomly distributed into the saline-sedentary, the dependent-sedentary, the saline-exercise, and the dependent-exercise groups. The saline-exercise and the dependent-exercise groups were allowed to freely exercise in a running wheel ...
Chan-Thim Emilie - - 2013
Abstract The purpose of this pilot study was to determine the impact of time of day on the acute response to incremental exercise in chronic obstructive pulmonary disease (COPD). Fourteen subjects (nine men) aged 71 ± 7 years with moderate to severe airflow obstruction (FEV1: 58 ± 13% predicted) followed a ...
Lazarinis Nikolaos - - 2013
In mild asthma exercise-induced bronchoconstriction (EIB) is usually treated with inhaled short-acting β2 agonists (SABAs) on demand. The hypothesis was that a combination of budesonide and formoterol on demand diminishes EIB equally to regular inhalation of budesonide and is more effective than terbutaline inhaled on demand. Sixty-six patients with asthma ...
Bonini Matteo - - 2013
It is well known that physical exercise can trigger asthma symptoms and can induce bronchial obstruction in people without clinical asthma. International guidelines on asthma management recommend the use of beta2-agonists at any stage of the disease. At present, however, no consensus has been reached about the efficacy and safety ...
Teo Wei-Peng - - 2013
In healthy subjects, fatiguing exercises induce a period of post-exercise corticomotor depression (PECD) that is absent in Parkinson's disease (PD). Our objective is to determine the time-course of corticomotor excitability changes following a 10-s repetitive index finger flexion-extension task performed at maximal voluntary rate (MVR) and a slower sustainable rate ...
Hoon Matthew W - - 2013
The purpose of this review was to examine the effect of nitrate supplementation on exercise performance by systematic review and meta-analysis of controlled human studies. A search of four electronic databases and cross-referencing found 17 studies investigating the effect of inorganic nitrate supplementation on exercise performance that met the inclusion ...
Thakur Anuprita M - - 2013
While exercising, people seem to enjoy listening to music believing that it relaxes them or helps give the necessary rhythm for exercise. But is music really beneficial? In view of different people listening to different types of music, this study was intended to assess effect of different types of music ...
Hoon Matthew W - - 2013
Beetroot juice is a naturally rich source of inorganic nitrate (NO3-), a compound hypothesized to enhance endurance performance by improving exercise efficiency. This study investigated the effect of different doses of beetroot juice on 2,000 m ergometer rowing performance in highly trained athletes. Ten highly trained male rowers volunteered to ...
Ben Moussa Zouita A - - 2013
Our objective is to investigate the effects of proprioceptive exercises rehabilitation on isokinetic strength and postural balance in athletes with sprain ankle. The ankles of 16 subjects were tested: eight in the functional instability (FI) group and eight non-injured (NI) subjects in the control group. Subjects were asked to take ...
Caiati Carlo - - 2013
Post-treadmill digital echocardiography (post-TME) is the most widely used form of exercise echocardiography, but ischemia can rapidly resolve in the postexercise period; peak upright bicycle digital echocardiography (UBE) has the advantage of providing images at peak exercise that reflect normal physiology. However, the comparative accuracy of the two methods in ...
Allen Charles R - - 2013
Due to the relative newness of such products, there are few investigations into using performance mouthpieces during sport and physical activity to substantiate claims of performance enhancement. The purpose of this study was to investigate the acute effect of a commercially available, non-injury preventive, performance mouthpiece on practical, acute performance ...
Bickmore Timothy W - - 2013
To compare the efficacy of a computer-based physical activity program (Embodied Conversational Agent-ECA) with that of a pedometer control condition in sedentary older adults. Single-blind block-randomized controlled trial stratified according to clinic site and health literacy status. Three urban ambulatory care practices at Boston Medical Center between April 2009 and ...
Bradford David T - - 2013
The group practice called "sacramental meditation" relies on sacred objects and spontaneous imagination to prepare its participants for spiritual experience. The meditation object is likened to an icon. The practice is compared with Loyola's "spiritual exercises" and the therapeutic technique of "active imagination'. Fowler's theory of faith development is used ...
Etoh Seiji S Department of Rehabilitation and Physical Medicine, Kagoshima University Graduate School of Medical and Dental Sciences3930-7 Makizono-cho, Kagoshima 899-6603, Japan. - - 2013
To investigate whether multiple sessions of 1-Hz repetitive transcranial magnetic stimulation (rTMS) facilitates the effect of repetitive facilitation exercises on hemiplegic upper-limb function in chronic stroke patients. Randomized double-blinded crossover study. Eighteen patients with hemiplegia of the upper limb. Patients were assigned to 2 groups: a motor-before-sham rTMS group, which ...
Reddy Shailesh - - 2013
We have developed a reliable and valid clinical test of reaction time (RTclin) that is sensitive to the acute effects of concussion. If RTclin is to be used as a sideline concussion assessment tool then the acute effects of exercise on RTclin may need to be controlled for. The purpose ...
Wong Shi Hui - - 2013
Studies of exercise in patients with Myasthenia Gravis (MG) are sparse. Balance strategy training (BST) multi-modal exercise has proven efficacy in adults for enhancing balance and functional mobility. This prospective study aims to determine if BST improves functional ability and balance in people with MG. Seven individuals with MG participated ...
Sedgwick M J - - 2013
The purpose of this study was to investigate the effect of accumulating 60 min of exercise on endothelial function and triacylglycerol concentrations following the ingestion of a high-fat breakfast and lunch in 14 adolescent boys (aged 12 to 14 years). Two, 2-day main trials (control and exercise) were completed in a ...
Littlewood Chris - - 2013
Rotator cuff tendinopathy is a common source of shoulder pain characterised by persistent and/or recurrent problems for a proportion of sufferers. The aim of this study was to pilot the methods proposed to conduct a substantive study to evaluate the effectiveness of a self-managed loaded exercise programme versus usual physiotherapy ...
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