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Results 701 - 745 of 745
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Goldman D - - 1983
The following measures were obtained from 42 student volunteers: the General and the Disinhibition subscales of the Sensation Seeking Scale (Form IV), the Reducer-Augmenter Scale, and the Absolute Auditory Threshold. General sensation seeking correlated significantly with the Reducer-Augmenter Scale, r(40) = .59, p less than .001, and the Absolute Auditory ...
Greyson B - - 1983
Near-death experiences (NDEs) have been described consistently since antiquity and more rigorously in recent years. Investigation into their mechanisms and effects has been impeded by the lack of quantitative measures of the NDE and its components. From an initial pool of 80 manifestations characteristic of NDEs, a 33-item scaled-response preliminary ...
Street M R - - 1983
A pilot study was undertaken to investigate the reliability of the 'expert judgement' exercised in marking state examination papers. Estimates of inter-rater reliability had a median coefficient of 0.76. Intra-rater reliability was marginally higher overall, with a median coefficient of 0.81. While marker reliability is only one source of variation ...
Peterson T M - - 1983
Studies have explored the relationship between different facial morphologies and mandibular posture; however, few conclusions can be drawn. The purpose of this study was to explore the effects of contrasting facial morphologies on both clinical and electromyographic rest positions of the mandible. Electromyographic and clinical rest positions were recorded in ...
Rinchuse D J - - 1983
Centric occlusion-generated functional bite registrations failed to show a difference in the number, location or severity of nonworking (balancing) or protrusive functional occlusion contacts between 49 post-orthodontically treated subjects and 27 non-orthodontically treated subjects with ideal static occlusion. Nonworking (balancing) side functional occlusion contacts were present in 85% of the ...
Ormel J - - 1983
Inventories designed to measure neuroticism are similar in form and content to inventories used to measure symptoms or subjective well-being. In addition, it is not clear to what extent traits as well as a person's present state explain the variance of such measures. Three inventories--the Neuroticism Scale from Wilde's Amsterdamse ...
Kopp S - - 1983
The observer variability in the assessment of signs of disorder in the stomatognathic system within a 3-hour period was investigated in 19 subjects. The clinical examination comprised measurement of maximal mouth opening capacity, sagittal distance between the retruded position (RP) and the intercuspal position (IP), vertical overbite, horizontal overjet and ...
Manley M - - 1983
The use of staff ratings as an outcome measure in adaptation to hemodialysis studies is discussed, and the absence of reliability or validity of such ratings is emphasized. Staff ratings for global impressions of patient compliance are collected in an outpatient hemodialysis unit, inter-rater reliability is calculated, and the rating ...
Lueger R J - - 1983
Compared the standard MMPI and the MMPI-168 scores of 90 male delinquent adolescents. Raw score and T-score correlations were generally high and within acceptable limits, which indicates that MMPI-168 scores are useful with delinquent adolescents. However, two-point codetypes derived from standard MMPIs and MMPI-168s were in agreement less than half ...
Jenne J W - - 1982
Objective and subjective postural tremor responses at 60 and 120 min after drug treatment were studied in 24 veterans with chronic obstructive pulmonary disease who received either 5 mg terbutaline, 20 mg metaproterenol, or a placebo in random order. Subjects were fasting, and had not taken theophylline for 15 to ...
Bolender N F - - 1982
The purpose of this study was to develop a quantitative method for describing preoperatively herniation of the mesial temporal lobe structures in epileptic patients. This was done by opacifying the CSF of the basal cisterns with metrizamide and measuring the position and contour of the mesial temporal lobe. The measurements ...
Pancherz H - - 1982
Sagittal skeletal and dental changes contributing to Class II correction in Herbst appliance treatment were evaluated quantitatively on lateral roentgenograms. The material consisted of forty-two Class II. Division 1 malocclusion cases. Twenty-two of these were treated with the Herbst appliance for 6 months. The other twenty cases served as a ...
Kawazoe Y - - 1982
The slope of the curve relating integrated electromyographic activity of masseter muscle to biting force, the latency of the jaw-jerk reflex, and masticatory performance wee estimated in patients with Duchenne type of progressive muscular dystrophy before and during therapeutic exercise of the somatogenc system. The slope and latency were slightly ...
Campbell R - - 1982
One hundred and two right-handed judges viewed a series of 16 frontally displayed moving faces. They reported which side of each face appeared to move more when the faces were seen (a) speaking and (b) performing face exercise (pulling faces). The left-of-the face was judged more mobile than the right ...
Pancherz H - - 1982
The effect of bite jumping with the Herbst appliance on the vertical dimensions of the dentofacial complex was analysed on profile roentgenograms. The material consisted of 42 Class II, Division 1 malocclusion cases with a deep anterior overbite. Twenty-two of the cases were successfully treated with the Herbst appliance for ...
Bookstein F L - - 1982
It is common to analyse the growth direction of the facial skeleton by registering serial lateral cephalograms on Sella and orienting along Sella-Nasion. The present paper reports an exercise in cephalometric growth analysis by an alternate method the study of mean growth tensors. The authors conclude that conventional cephalometric techniques ...
Yamada Y - - 1982
The electromyographic activity of the right masseter and digastric muscles was recorded in 10 subjects. A jaw-opening reflex was observed shortly after a mechanical stimulation in subjects performing clenching and active jaw-opening exercises. The latency of this reflex activity was about 28 ms, coinciding with the termination of the silent ...
Goldman L - - 1981
Reproducibility and validity are prerequisites for a useful clinical scale. We therefore prospectively tested the reproducibility and validity of the New York Heart Association criteria and the Canadian Cardiovascular Society criteria for the assessment of cardiac functional class and compared these criteria with a new Specific Activity Scale based on ...
Vickers R R RR - - 1981
The Defense Mechanisms Inventory (DMI), the Coping Operations Preference Enquiry (COPE), and the scales developed by Joffe and Naditch (J&N) were compared using multitrait-multimethod logic. Convergent validity was tow as measures of the same defense were not highly correlated across instruments. Similar patterns of correlations occurred within instruments but the ...
Khamis M - - 1981
A new technique was developed to locate the neutral zone. The neutral zone was studied on two groups of patients with prominent or flat residual alveolar ridges. The neutral zone was determined for each patient at three vertical heights. It was studied both vertically and horizontally. The width of the ...
Carwell M L - - 1981
This study investigated variations in occlusal prematurities and condylar positions using different methods of determining centric relation. Thirty patients were randomly placed into three groups of 10. In Group I a clinical analysis of occlusal patterns using bilateral mandibular manipulation (BMM) was compared to results with a chin point (CPM) ...
Le Bot P - - 1980
A sample of 192 male propositi with at least one ULI either missing or reduced has been compared with 197 male controls in terms of the morphology of the other teeth. Every class of propositi exhibits modifications in the following characters: Significant differences between propositi and controls were found for ...
Lawson I R - - 1980
An improved statistic (weighted Kappa) was tested for reviewing the reliability of the palpation of pedal pulses by three observers. Significant improvement was noted after training. Reliability also persisted with respect to a reduced form of the conventional ordinal grading system. The findings indicated that problems of usefulness or reliability ...
Manley T R - - 1980
A multi-station machine has been designed and built to determine the resistance to fatigue failure of denture base materials. The machine has enabled complete S-N curves to be plotted for conventional and reinforced denture base materials involving many megacycles of operation. The resistance to fatigue failure of conventional denture base ...
Spencer J - - 1979
Comparison was made between intentional and postural tremor amplitudes with a 2-to 50-Hz bandwidth in four men rapidly compressed from surface to 13.1, 25.2, and 37.3 ATA in 4 h while breathing helium-oxygen mixtures (Predictive Studies IV, University of Pennsylvania). Excursions with compression rates of 20 and 40 ft/min were ...
Bellanti N D - - 1979
The occurrence of immediate side shift of the mandible is frequent enough that the restorative dentist must either use an articular system that adjusts for its presence or must carefully check and adjusts for occlusal interferences intraorally at the time of try-in. However, the prevalence and degree of immediate side ...
Reitsema H J - - 1979
In an examination of the reliability of occultation observations of minor planet companions, redundant photoelectric observations have been made of possible occultation events. These observations indicate that spurious events may be easily misidentified as true occultations, and that caution must be exercised in interpreting such occurrences. Further analysis of observations ...
Preston J D - - 1979
1. Within the limits of accuracy imposed by individual operators, equipment, and patient variations, a single transverse horizontal axis can usually appear to be located. 2. Location of a kinematic axis is worthwhile clinical procedure to transfer an arc of rotation in the sagittal plane from the patient to an ...
Woods D J - - 1979
Examined the possibility that college students' status on Whitehorn and Betz' (1954) A-B dimension would be related to their descriptions of the ideal psychiatric inpatient treatment setting. Sixty-one Ss completed the A-B scale, as well as Moos' (1974) Ward Atmosphere Scale-Ideal Form. Analysis demonstrated a statistically significant relationship between A-B ...
Celenza F V - - 1979
There are situations that do not demand absolute precision and duplication of all pathways. One example is complete denture construction. Denture base movement and tissue resiliency cannot registered accurately. Corrections for these conditions must be made directly. Instruments that use mechanical equivalents and/or accept positional registrations are suitable for this ...
Helkimo M I - - 1979
Fifty-eight patients seen for consultation concerning mandibular dysfunction symptoms were examined utilizing the Helkimo index of dysfunction and electromyographic silent period recordings from masticatory muscles. The data collected were analyzed for correlations between the two parameters. Several significant correlations were noted between certain variables of the dysfunction index and the ...
Wilcox R E - - 1979
Two experiments designed to assess the utility of a videotaping methodology in laboratory investigations of the stereotype effects of putative antiparkinsonian agents are presented. The technique minimizes experimental bias through the use of "blind" ratings and increases the rating accuracy through the use of within- and between-animals controls. Permanent videotape ...
Costello R M - - 1977
A robust set of MMPI items, sensitive to the effect of race (Blacks versus Whites), was constructed by compiling the results of six prior studies. Thirty-two items comprised the MMPI B-W scale. The scale was cross-validated on psychiatric patients and police cadets. Statistically significant mean differences were found between races ...
Kunce H W - - 1977
A theoretical"sociocybernetic" systems analysis model was tested empirically. Two independent groups completed a questionnaire that described their reactions to four hypothetical interpersonal situations. Half of the persons in each group described their reactions to a friend and used Likert scales to rate the unfavorable/favorableness of their (a) verbal responses and ...
Phillips J R - - 1977
Relationships between 84 field-dependent subjects and 84 field-independent subjects, posture, and judgment of duration of time were examined. An analysis of variance yielded no significant difference between the two groups of subjects in the judgment of a 40-sec. interval while in the standing, sitting or horizontal postures or in the ...
Eysenck S B - - 1977
Three questionnaire studies are reported in which sets of items traditionally used to measure impulsiveness were intercorrelated were correlated with measures of the major personality dimensions E (extraversion), N (neuroticism) and P (psychoticism), and also with the L (lie; dissimulation) scale. It It was found that impulsiveness in the broad ...
McLeod N S - - 1977
An analysis has been made of the mechanics of the Thompson dowel retainer. The analysis locates the center of rotation during function and identifies the factors that affect its position. The degree to which the dowel should be relieved to permit unrestricted rotation has been established. The rationale of an ...
Raeste A M - - 1976
Oral leukocytes were estimated in 55 edentulous persons wearing dentures by sequential mouthrinses. Forty-four subjects had clinically healthy-looking mouths and 11 had parital mild inflammation under the dentures. Leukocytes were found in the mouths of all subjects. The migratory rate in 30 sec in 44 subjects was 0.283 +/0 0.082 ...
Berry D C - - 1976
Attrition, or wear of the occlusal surfaces of the teeth, may not only be physiologically normal, but necessary for function. Since occlusal wear must lead to reduction in tooth length, significant dimensional changes in facial morphology are inevitable unless mechanisms exist to compensate for attrition. Secondary dentine formation, alveolar growth, ...
Badell M C - - 1976
The effects of extraoral combined high-pull traction and cervical traction of known duration (mean, 122 days) and magnitude (2.5 to 3 pounds total per side) were studied by means of serial lateral cephalometric head films of thirty patients. The lateral cephalometric head films used were taken at three different times: ...
Neman R - - 1975
The Zigler and Seitz (1975) critique was carefully examined with respect to the conclusions of the Neman et al. (1975) study. Particular attention was given to the following questions: (a) did experimenter bias or commitment account for the results, (b) were unreliable and invalid psychometric instruments used, (c) were the ...
Speakman H G - - 1975
Cross-education has long been an area of interest. The term is credited to Scripture et al. (1894), who initiated the first series of studies in this area. These studies were mainly in the field of psychology and it was known that if a subject practised writing with one hand, skill ...
O'Keeffe V - - 1975
Preferences were obtained from both experienced and untrained Ss concerning musical passages presented in both Just (natural) and Equal Tempered (synthetic) tuning systems. While a significant preference for Just tonation was recorded for all Ss, no significant difference for preference was found between moderately experienced musicians and non-performers. Boys showed ...
Pilbeam D - - 1974
Our general conclusion is simply stated: many lineages display phyletic size increase; allometric changes almost always accompany increase in body size. We cannot judge adaptation until we separate such changes into those required by increasing size and those serving as special adaptations to changing environments. In our view, the three ...
Stull G A - - 1974
Ss (N=72) were randomly assigned to four groups and performed two bouts of either 1 min. of sustained and/or 3 min. of rhythmic isometric grip-flexion exercise. The two activity bouts within each testing session were separated by a recovery interval of 5, 10, 20, 40, 80, 160, or 320 sec. ...
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