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Wilson R C - - 1989
1. The intensity of breathlessness during exercise was measured in ten normal subjects using a visual analogue scale (VAS) and a Borg scale to compare the use of the scales and their repeatability, both within the duration of a period of exercise and between tests. For each scale, subjects performed ...
Faupel K C - - 1989
The purpose of this study was to explore the feasibility of measuring psychic entropy in adolescents and to note the predictability of two variables--gender and grade. The subjects were 22 male and female junior and senior high school Caucasians in a central Kentucky church youth choir. They were given the ...
Rugh J D - - 1989
The use of interocclusal orthopedic appliances is the most common method for managing nocturnal bruxism and associated craniomandibular symptoms. Yet there is no consensus on the mechanism of action or best design for optimal clinical results. Posterior disocclusion through canine or anterior guidance is believed to be a key feature. ...
Ellis E E - - 1989
It is clear from this review that mandibular immobilization is not as benign a procedure as once thought. Detrimental effects on several tissues within the masticatory apparatus have been observed following mandibular immobilization. Atrophy of the muscles of mastication, degenerative changes within the mandibular condyle, and decreases in range of ...
McGlynn F D - - 1989
This experiment attempted to study the separate and combined effects of occlusal interference and transient stress on masseteric activity among eight nonclinical human subjects. Before each of two sessions, subjects were fitted with an occlusal interference or an occlusally inert (control) molar clasp. During each session they viewed horrific and ...
Dahlström L - - 1989
The perception of jaw position, measured as the ability to produce a predetermined mandibular posture repetitively, was recorded under different experimental conditions. A control group of asymptomatic subjects was tested before and after anesthesia of the TMJs and after fatigue of the masticatory muscles. Groups of patients with craniomandibular disorders ...
Sandstrom R A - - 1988
The effect of rapid maxillary expansion on the mandibular intercanine and intermolar widths during treatment and its stability after retention was studied. In addition, the relationships between the interarch change and the facial types and ages of the subjects of the sample were evaluated. The sample consisted of 17 cases ...
English W R - - 1988
Investigators have implied that palatal rugae are unique to each individual. However, these researchers have disagreed as to whether or not legal identification could be based solely on palatal rugae. Previous studies used poor duplicating materials and may not have considered the effects of growth, extractions, palatal expansion, or some ...
Bilsborough A - - 1988
We report here on early hominid facial diversity, as part of a more extensive morphometric survey of cranial variability in Pliocene and early Pleistocene Hominidae. Univariate and multivariate techniques are used to summarise variation in facial proportions in South and East African hominids, and later Quaternary groups are included as ...
Roberts W N - - 1988
To determine the effect of warm-up on anthropometric measures, 10 patients with ankylosing spondylitis and 10 normal control subjects were measured over a 1-hour period by one therapist. A series of 4 measures--a modified Schober's test, finger-to-floor with the subject standing on a 23-cm stool, chest expansion, and cervical rotation ...
Stone M - - 1988
This study used ultrasound imaging to examine the cross-sectional shape of the tongue during the production of the ten English vowels ( see text ) in two consonant contexts--/p/ and /s/--and at two scan angles--anterior and posterior. Results were compared with models of sagittal tongue shape. A newly built transducer ...
Telage K M - - 1988
This report describes a standardized training and sensory screening procedure which was used to obtain 7 separate lingual vibrotactile thresholds for each of 5 normal subjects during a 30-day interval. Baseline observations of lingual sensitivity were highly consistent and occurred within a narrow range of contractor displacements. The authors conclude ...
Fayz F - - 1988
The vertical dimension of occlusion refers to the length of the face as determined by the amount of separation of the jaws. Its determination is important for fabrication of all restorations. Many techniques have been used for measurement of the vertical dimension of occlusion in dentulous and edentulous patients. These ...
Green S B - - 1988
Relationships between MMPI scales and criteria were evaluated to determine if the MMPI is racially biased with a juvenile delinquent population. The MMPI was administered to 333 white and 107 black male juvenile delinquents, and criterion data were collected. The regression equations developed for Blacks and whites resulted in similar ...
Rudicel S - - 1988
A valid study is one that is accurate and without bias. Bias may occur in a study in four major ways. Susceptibility bias may arise if groups are not similar at the initial state. The potential for performance bias exists if procedures are not performed comparably. Detection bias may occur ...
Smahel Z - - 1988
Lateral X-ray films of the skull obtained in 50 normal adult males were used for studies of correlations between 26 characteristics of the size, shape, and position of the face and nine characteristics of the neurocranium in all mutual combinations. The results disclosed that the relations between individual cranial components ...
Sechrist K R - - 1987
Initial psychometric evaluation of an instrument to measure perceived benefits of exercise and perceived barriers to exercise was based on the responses of 650 adults and included item analysis, factor analysis, and reliability measures. Factor analysis yielded nine factors, five benefits and four barriers, which explained 64.9% of the variance ...
Gankerseer E J - - 1987
Recently a number of mechanical scalers, known as air or sonic scalers, have been developed. Preliminary investigations were undertaken to observe the operating characteristics of such a sonic scaler including its oscillatory pattern, and how this was affected by changing the design of the scaling tip, the air pressure, and ...
McBride S - - 1987
The purpose of this study was to examine the reliability and construct validity of Kearney and Fleischer's (1979) Exercise of Self-Care Agency Scale. The Self-Directed Learning Readiness Scale (SDLRS) (Guglielmino, 1977) was used to test construct validity. Subjects consisted of 62 post-basic nursing students and 57 adult diabetic patients. The ...
Bursch S G - - 1987
Diastasis recti abdominis, or midline separation of the abdominal musculature, has not been investigated scientifically. The purposes of this study were to provide data on the incidence and degree of diastasis recti abdominis, to describe the measurement system used, and to determine the interrater reliability of the measurements performed. Forty ...
Messenger K L - - 1987
It has been suggested that simple resting and therapeutic exercises may be beneficial in reducing or eliminating clicking on the TMJ during mandibular movements. In the reported experiments the effects of short periods of exercise and rest on the amplitude of the TMJ clicking in non-dysfunction subjects was recorded and ...
Taylor D B - - 1987
The project suggests that intended therapeutic outcomes should determine the professional competencies needed to achieve those results. Competency identification literature reflects use of presage, process and product criteria, expert consensus, job task analysis, and practitioner testimony. The present project was completed in two phases. The Phase I survey contained 150 ...
Maihafer G C - - 1987
The purpose of this study was to determine intertherapist and intratherapist reliability in evaluating a method of measurement for backward bending. Twenty volunteers (age range: 2 1-32) were instructed to stand facing the wall: waist, hips, and toes touching the surface. Maintaining contact points, subjects were instructed to extend backward. ...
Mitani H - - 1986
The effects of chincap force on the amount and timing of mandibular growth associated with anterior reversed occlusion (Class III malocclusion) were studied during the pubertal period in 26 Japanese girls. Their records consisted of serial lateral cephalometric roentgenograms, wrist-hand roentgenograms, periodic data of standing height, and time records of ...
Pickworth W B - - 1986
The electroencephalographic (EEG) and subjective effects of nicotine chewing gum (0, 2 and 4 mg) were compared in three tobacco deprived (12 hr) heavy smokers. EEG responses were recorded from F7, F8, T5, and T6 positions before and after the subjects chewed nicotine gum (chew rate = 1 per 2 ...
Valachovic R W - - 1986
In long-term investigations involving a large number of study participants, it is frequently necessary to employ the use of multiple examiners who must exhibit high levels of inter- and intra-examiner reliability in order to minimize examiner bias, which can distort scientific findings. This report on the calibration of four examiners ...
Hart D L - - 1986
The purposes of this paper were to describe a clinically useful and noninvasive method of characterizing the shape of the lumbar spine and to evaluate the reliability and validity of this measurement technique. A flexible ruler was applied to the skin over the lumbar spines of 23 normal adults and ...
Smahel Z - - 1986
Cephalometry, X-ray cephalometry, and somatoscopy were used in the studies of 65 adult males with a severe unilateral microtia subdivided into three groups: with marked asymmetry, with slight asymmetry, and without any obvious facial asymmetry. The group with marked asymmetries was designated as hemifacial microsomia. In this group the affected ...
Van Sickels J E - - 1985
Previous articles have presented conflicting results concerning the relationship of EMG rest position in subjects with varying craniofacial morphology. This study sought to resolve the issue by studying long-faced subjects and controlling head position. Our findings showed that long-faced subjects have large EMG rest positions in contrast to the results ...
Pandya S - - 1985
Previous studies of reliability of goniometric measurements have produced varied findings suggesting the need to document further the reliability of measuring range of motion in different patient groups. The purpose of this study was to determine the intratester and intertester reliability of goniometric measurements of seven common upper and lower ...
Christensen L V - - 1985
To study concurrence of specific electromyographic chewing patterns and the side of mastication, twelve subjects chewed gum for 15, 20 and 25 s. Gum bolus placement on the right or left side of the dentition was estimated by three series of visual inspections. Contraction patterns of the chewing and non-chewing ...
Stern M A - - 1985
The clinical relationship between the removable partial denture cast occlusal rest and the corresponding rest seat was examined. Under the conditions of the study, it was found that rests of mandibular Class I and II removable partial dentures fit significantly better than those of mandibular Class III and IV prostheses. ...
Hallam R S - - 1985
Questions are raised about the technical and psychological interpretation of loudness match measures in the assessment of tinnitus "intensity". The effect of hearing threshold on loudness matches expressed in sensation level (SL) was investigated by selecting subjects with different degrees of hearing loss. The loudness match expressed in SL was ...
Jemt T - - 1985
Mandibular movements were recorded with the Selspot system in 16 complete denture patients, before and after treatment with mandibular OIFD. The general chewing pattern underwent only minor changes. However, some chewing cycle parameters showed obvious alterations. Increased mandibular velocity and displacement, especially in the opening phase, were registered. The cycle ...
Thomas A D - - 1985
Affect toward "parental," "spousal," and "nonspousal" figures in TAT responses was evaluated. Positive and negative scores ranging from +2 to -2 were assigned to each story. Norms were based on frequent responses stimulus-pull and quality Of responses Test-retest rendered .88 similarity in affect and 86% in orientational others categories. Interscorer's ...
Bechgaard E - - 1985
An objective method for the quantification of follicular hyperkeratosis is proposed for the rabbit ear assay of acnegenicity. The area (area%) of hyperkeratinized follicles, covering a stereomicroscopic photo of the epidermis, is proposed for the quantification of the response. The uniformity of two observers' quantification was evaluated in six tested ...
Wagner J A - - 1985
A mechanical model dentition is used in a laboratory study to relate incisor segment third-order activation to actual torque induced upon engagement of maxillary Edgewise arches. A portion of the sample of stainless-steel aches was subjected to stress-relief heat treatment. Torsional stiffness values are calculated, and the accompanying vertical displacement ...
West J - - 1985
The present study describes an Arabic cross-cultural validation of the Beck Depression Inventory. An Arab sample of 53 cases was subjected to the original validation procedures which involved a preliminary exercise and a translation from English to Arabic. Acceptable equivalent meanings of Beck's depth-of-depression criteria were established by the Arab ...
Pomerantz S - - 1985
The fabrication of semiprecision rest systems will differ depending on whether a prefabricated rest system or milled-in rest system is indicated. In a prefabricated rest seat, a die-related model must be used and the rest seats must be waxed into the wax pattern. A means of fabricating both locking and ...
Lavelle C L - - 1985
Traditional osteometric studies serve to combine both size and shape together, so whether contrasts in mandibular form during recent times reflect predominantly size, or shape, changes remains controversial. In order to examine specific changes in morphological shape, mandibular outline form was subjected to medial axis transformation. This technique was performed ...
Williams K R - - 1984
The position of the instantaneous centre of rotation (ICR) of a maxillary central incisor has been calculated using the Finite Element Method. It is shown that the centre of rotation is insensitive to the elastic properties of the periodontal ligament when Poisson's ratio (v) is in the range 0-0.45. The ...
Rieder C E - - 1984
Lateral transcranial radiographs of 926 patients were analyzed for condylar position, TMJ space, and obvious condylar morphologic changes. Differences in condylar position and joint space variations were noted between men and women. An increase in nonconcentric condylar position, joint space variations, and condylar morphologic changes were found with advancing age. ...
O'Ryan F - - 1984
Improved knowledge of "normal" temporomandibular joint function and morphology is a basic requisite for the recognition and diagnosis of TMJ abnormalities. Indeed, until such knowledge exists, care must be exercised in the clinical, radiographic, arthrographic, and histologic diagnosis of abnormal temporomandibular structure and/or function. This article discusses variations in TMJ ...
Hoge D R - - 1984
Does a content-free measure of global self-esteem tap the same self-esteem dimensions as that measured by self-evaluations on specific dimensions that are then combined into a summated scale? We address this question by using a sample of 1,528 7th, 9th, and 11th graders. Nine specific self-ratings (e.g., "I am smart" ...
McArdle W D - - 1984
In the present study, the effects of temporomandibular joint (TMJ) repositioning by use of an acrylic appliance on maximum and submaximum physiologic and performance measures were evaluated in seven male and four female volunteers with documented TMJ malalignment. In an attempt to remove design inadequacies of previous research in this ...
Ellis E E - - 1984
To identify the skeletal and dental relationships of adults who have class III malocclusion, lateral cephalograms of 302 adult patients who had a class III molar and cuspid relationship were traced. Ninety-four of the patients had had presurgical orthodontic treatment and 208 had not. The tracings were digitized, and the ...
Gudjonsson G H - - 1984
This study investigates the relationship between interrogative suggestibility, as measured by the Gudjonsson Suggestibility Scale (GSS), and number of previous convictions among 35 delinquent boys. The GSS measures two independent aspects of suggestibility. First, the extent to which subjects give in to suggestive questions. Second, the extent to which subjects ...
Montandon C - - 1984
One hundred and ninety three raters drawn from six countries and representing different professional groups considered 16 case histories. Raters were asked to indicate what degree of 'dangerousness' they attributed to each individual and what they considered to be the optimal management. The level of agreement between raters concerning the ...
Leak G K - - 1984
The present study investigated the validity of a global measure of self-actualization derived from the POI. The POI Inner-directed scale was related to numerous objective indices of self-actualizing characteristics (e.g., self-esteem, rigidity, empathy). Bivariate and multivariate correlational techniques presented a consistent picture of the self-actualizing dimensions tapped by the POI ...
Coupland M A - - 1984
A comparison of the radiographs of 59 subjects who had misplaced maxillary canines has been undertaken. The purpose of this study was to see if the position of the canine as seen on a P.A. skull radiograph is comparable with the position of the canine on an orthopantomogram. The results ...
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