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Results 451 - 500 of 737
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Mürbe D - - 2001
BACKGROUND: The microscopically small middle ear structures require the otosurgeon to have a steady hand because instrument stability is a critical factor for a successful microsurgical procedure. Hand steadiness is mainly influenced by the tremor movements of the hand. The aim of this study was to measure hand tremor under ...
Gearhart R E - - 2001
The purpose of this project was to determine the validity of standardized Borg scale instructions and scale anchoring procedures to measure active muscle rating of perceived exertion and overall rating of perceived exertion during resistance exercise. Anchoring procedures were determined for each of 7 exercises before the completion of 2 ...
Jansen P G - - 2001
The authors investigated temporal trends in the validity of an assessment center consisting of a group discussion and an analysis presentation exercise for predicting career advancement as measured by average salary growth over a 7-year period in a sample of 679 academic graduates. The validity of the overall assessment rating ...
Wolf S L - - 2001
BACKGROUND AND PURPOSE: The Wolf Motor Function Test (WMFT) is a new time-based method to evaluate upper extremity performance while providing insight into joint-specific and total limb movements. This study addresses selected psychometric attributes of the WMFT applied to a chronic stroke population. METHODS: Nineteen individuals after stroke and with ...
Aronson K R - - 2001
OBJECTIVE: The Somatosensory Amplification Scale (SSAS) purports to measure the extent to which individuals are sensitive to their bodies. The present study examined the psychometric properties of the SSAS in two studies with university students. METHODS: Participants completed the SSAS, various cross-sectional measures of somatic and psychological distress, longitudinal measures ...
Mobarak K A - - 2001
The objective of this cephalometric study was to assess long-term changes in the soft tissue profile following mandibular setback surgery and investigate the presence of factors that may influence the soft tissue response to skeletal repositioning. The subjects enrolled were 80 consecutive mandibular prognathism patients operated with bilateral sagittal split ...
Ropponen A - - 2001
The purpose of the study was to determine the reliability of lifetime exercise data obtained through a structured interview. Interviews were conducted in 1992-1993 and repeated in 1997 in 150 monozygotic male twins, aged 35-69 years, from the population-based Finnish Twin Cohort. Exercise mode, frequency, duration, intensity and period of ...
Rose E A - - 2001
Deci and Ryan's causality orientations theory suggests that there are individual differences in motivational orientation towards initiating and regulating behaviour. They described three causality orientations: autonomy, control and impersonal. The aim of this paper is to describe the development and concurrent validity of the Exercise Causality Orientations Scale (ECOS), which ...
Borges G - - 2001
OBJECTIVE: This article reports on the selection of screening items to detect Mexican or Mexican-American patients in the emergency department (ED) who have alcohol problems and could benefit from an intervention or a referral for treatment. Items are tested against the Rapid Alcohol Problems Screen (RAPS), which has been optimized ...
Moyà-Solà S - - 2001
Pliopithecid remains from the Spanish locality of Torrent de Febulines (Late Vallesian, MN 10), consisting of right and left mandibular fragments with partial tooth rows and an isolated P(3) probably belonging to the same individual, are described and assigned to Egarapithecus narcisoi gen. et sp. nov. (Pliopithecidae, Crouzeliinae). This is ...
Bruynesteyn K - - 2001
To determine the minimal clinically important difference (MCID) between hand and foot films with a 1 year interval assessed with the Sharp/van der Heijde or Larsen/Scott scoring method. Progression scores of the 2 methods were compared with the opinion of an international expert panel on clinical relevance of radiological joint ...
Kerner M S - - 2001
BACKGROUND: Using the Theory of Planned Behavior as a framework, the Fitness Attitude, Expectations of Others, Perceived Behavioral Control, and Intention to Exercise Scales were developed. Professionals in exercise physiology generated items for the instruments. Experts in clinical psychology and exercise physiology established content validity. METHODS: Each of the scale ...
Castaño F J - - 2001
PURPOSE: Long-term success of distraction osteogenesis depends on the ability of the surrounding soft tissues to tolerate distraction forces and to adapt to the resulting increase in skeletal length and volume. The hypothesis tested in this study was that mandibular elongation by distraction induces myocyte proliferation. MATERIALS AND METHODS: Unilateral ...
Mathieu J - - 2001
OBJECTIVE: To document the intra/interrater reliability and the construct validity of the Muscular Impairment Rating Scale (MIRS) in assessing patients with myotonic dystrophy type 1 (DM1). The MIRS is a ordinal five-point rating scale, established in accordance with the clinically recognized distal to proximal progression of the muscular involvement in ...
Obwegeser A A - - 2001
OBJECTIVE: We studied outcome measures after unilateral and bilateral thalamic stimulation to treat disabling tremor resulting from essential tremor and Parkinson's disease. The surgical technique, qualitative and quantitative tremor assessments, stimulation parameters, locations of active electrodes, complications, and side effects are described and analyzed. METHODS: Forty-one patients with essential tremor ...
Shin Y - - 2001
The purpose of this study was to assess the psychometric properties, appropriateness, and demographic response patterns of an exercise self-efficacy scale for Korean adults with chronic diseases. After assessment of face validity by an expert Korean panel, 249 Korean adults with chronic diseases, ages 18-79 years, were recruited from hospitals ...
Keller D C - - 2001
Straight wire orthodontic methods cannot treat the significant compromises demonstrated in this article. These types of patients require a three-dimensional method of correction, which involves segmental orthodontics or a modified straight wire technique. This article will discuss how to use the information gathered from a three-dimensional evaluation of the stable ...
Laffrey S C - - 2001
The purpose of this study was to develop a reliable and culturally meaningful exercise self-efficacy questionnaire for older Mexican American women. Items were derived from a 5-item exercise self-efficacy instrument (Laffrey, 2000; Marcus, Selby, Niaura, & Rossi, 1992) and from focus groups with women in the target population. Content validity ...
Steffensen B - - 2001
BACKGROUND AND PURPOSE: The EK scale comprises ten categories (EK 1-10), each contributing to an overall picture of function in the non-ambulatory stage of Duchenne muscular dystrophy (DMD). The purpose of the present study was to investigate content and construct validity of the EK scale as a tool to discriminate ...
Plonczynski D J - - 2000
Motivation for exercise is a theoretically and empirically significant concept that is variously measured in the literature. This paper reviews recent studies that measure motivation for exercise. The findings from 22 studies that met inclusion criteria demonstrate that there is a deficiency in the published literature regarding the establishment of ...
Breslin F C - - 2000
Assessing confidence to resist drinking in high risk situations is an important part of behavioral treatments for alcohol problems. The present study assessed the reliability and validity of the original 100-item Situational Confidence Questionnaire (SCQ) and of an 8-item brief version (BSCQ). Using a visual analog scale, the BSCQ asked ...
Niedermeier W - - 2000
This paper summarises a series of studies already published in German and presents new data related to the aetiology of the 'dry mouth' and its associated problems. AIMS: To study factors affecting mucous and serous salivary gland secretion, the aetiology of the 'dry mouth' and its associated problems, causative factors ...
Meyer P G - - 2000
A number of developmental changes occur in eating patterns from infancy through childhood. Initially a primitive reflexive process, deglutition develops into a complex, integrated voluntary/reflexive process. The movements of the tongue, lips and mandible are easily observed to undergo a transformation from synergistic, undifferentiated movements in the infant, to differentiated ...
Resnick B - - 2000
OBJECTIVES: The purpose of this study was to develop a measure of outcome expectations for exercise specifically for the older adult (The Outcome Expectations for Exercise [OEE] Scale), and to test the reliability and validity of this measure in a sample of older individuals. This scale was developed based on ...
Ellermeier W - - 2000
Stevens's direct scaling methods rest on the assumption that subjects are capable of reporting or producing ratios of sensation magnitudes. Only recently, however, did an axiomatization proposed by Narens (1996) specify necessary conditions for this assumption that may be put to an empirical test. In the present investigation, Narens's central ...
Eberling J L - - 2000
Unilateral intracarotid artery (ICA) MPTP infusion, along with sequential systemic doses of MPTP, produces near complete degeneration of the nigrostriatal pathway on the side of infusion (ipsilateral) and variable levels of damage in the contralateral hemisphere accompanied by varying levels of parkinsonism (overlesioned hemiparkinsonian model). Positron emission tomography and the ...
Crotty N M - - 2000
OBJECTIVE: To use two commonly accepted measurement techniques to determine whether intense swimming exercise altered scapular position in male high school swimmers. Scapular position differences between dominant and nondominant shoulders were also investigated. DESIGN: A pilot study on 10 asymptomatic male volunteers established the reliability of the scapular position measurement ...
Meyer C - - 2000
Our aim was to build and assess a static mandibular simulator capable of reproducing various masticatory exercises as closely as possible to physiological situations. Unlike existing devices that reproduce a small number of exercises and of muscular bundles, our simulator is able to reproduce all types of effort in the ...
Alarcón J A - - 2000
Studies dealing with the electromyographic activity of masticatory muscles in patients with unilateral posterior crossbite are infrequent. The purpose of this study was to assess the electromyographic pattern of masticatory muscles at rest position, during swallowing, and during mastication, in 30 subjects with right posterior crossbite and to compare them ...
Blizzard L - - 2000
OBJECTIVE: To test the validity of a questionnaire to measure frequency of headaches related to the neck. A secondary goal was to test the reliability of field measurement of associated cervical spine anthropometric and muscle performance factors. DESIGN: Intermethod and test-retest comparisons. SETTING: Two municipalities in a rural area of ...
Gallo L M - - 2000
Condylar and incisor trajectories are often used for the study of mandibular movements. Condylar trajectories, however, depend on the location of the reference point and can be interpreted erroneously. In contrast, the helical axis analysis yields an unequivocal description of rigid body kinematics. The aim of this study was to ...
Roddey T S - - 2000
BACKGROUND AND PURPOSE: Shoulder scales are often used to evaluate treatment efficacy, yet little is known about the psychometric properties of these scales. Only one scale has undergone psychometric scrutiny: the Shoulder Pain and Disability Index (SPADI). This study compared 2 shoulder measures-the University of California-Los Angeles (UCLA) Shoulder Scale ...
Mbajiorgu E F - - 2000
OBJECTIVES: To determine the position of the mandibular foramen on dry adult mandibles and hence provide valuable information for dental and other health practitioners for successful inferior alveolar nerve anaesthesia. DESIGN: A cross sectional study. SETTING: Department of Anatomy, Faculty of Medicine, University of Zimbabwe, Mount Pleasant, Harare, Zimbabwe. SUBJECTS: ...
Resnick B - - 2000
BACKGROUND: The measure for self-efficacy barriers to exercise was developed for adults and revised on the basis of quantitative and qualitative research with older adults so it would be more appropriate for that age group. OBJECTIVES: To test the reliability and validity of the Self-Efficacy for Exercise (SEE) Scale. METHODS: ...
Minagi S - - 2000
Although the mechanical compression of the temporomandibular joint (TMJ), which could be caused by bruxism, would probably result in a slight change of the occlusal relationship, the effect of clenching in the eccentric mandibular position on the occlusal contact has not yet been clarified. This study aimed to investigate the ...
Fyffe H E - - 2000
OBJECTIVES: It is not generally possible to assess diagnostic accuracy in dental surveys as no histological 'gold standards' are available, therefore examiner agreement tends to be used as a proxy for accuracy. The aim of this study was to investigate, using extracted teeth in arch models, the in vitro validity ...
Bryant A - - 2000
This study investigated the differences in weightbearing, foot radiographs among normal subjects, those with hallux valgus, and those with hallux limitus. An intrarater reliability study of various x-ray measurements was conducted, utilizing seven dorsoplantar and six lateral measurements. The results showed that metatarsus primus adductus, increased metatarsal width, and a ...
Ueki K - - 1999
Following orthognathic surgery undesirable changes in the temporomandibular joints (TMJs) are noted sometimes. Altered stress on the condyle and surrounding tissue frequently causes morphological changes in the TMJ. The purpose of the present study was to assess these morphologic changes in a rabbit following mandibular osteotomy and the resulting mandibular ...
Morrison S - - 1999
The bilateral patterns of physiological tremor in the upper limb of adults were examined under conditions where eight combinations of the elbow, wrist and index-finger joints of the right arm were braced using individually molded splints. The hypotheses tested were that: (a) coordination of upper-limb tremor involves (compensatory) coupling of ...
Grant S - - 1999
OBJECTIVE: To assess which subjective scale, the visual analogue scale (VAS), the Borg CR10 (Borg) scale, or the Likert scale (LS), if any, is decidedly more reproducible and sensitive to change in the assessment of symptoms. DESIGN: Prospective clinical study. SETTING: Exercise laboratory. PARTICIPANTS: Twenty-three physically active male subjects (mean ...
Lamb K L - - 1999
OBJECTIVE: To assess the test-retest reliability (repeatability) of Borg's 6-20 rating of perceived exertion (RPE) scale using a more appropriate statistical technique than has been employed in previous investigations. The RPE scale is used widely in exercise science and sports medicine to monitor and/or prescribe levels of exercise intensity. The ...
Livianos-Aldana L - - 1999
The EMBU and PBI are two of the most used Parental Rearing Behaviour questionnaires. The literature assumes a high correlation between homonymous and assimilable factors (PBI Care and EMBU Affectional Warmth, PBI Control and EMBU Overprotection). Using a sample of 796 subjects the authors carried out the joint application of ...
Karageorghis C I - - 1999
Equivocal results of the psychophysical effects of music have been explained in part by the insensitivity of researchers to important personal and situational variables when selecting music. The aim of the present study was to operationalize a conceptual framework for the prediction of psychophysical responses to music into a music ...
Ungar P S - - 1999
Incisor microwear patterns have been shown to reflect aspects of diet and ingestive behaviors in a wide range of nonhuman primates. While some studies have suggested that anterior dental microwear might be used to infer unusual front tooth use practices in archaeological populations, quantitative work on modern human incisors has ...
Watson C J - - 1999
STUDY DESIGN: Test-retest reliability study with blinded testers. OBJECTIVES: To determine the intratester reliability of the McConnell classification system and to determine whether the intertester reliability of this system would be improved by one-on-one training of the testers, increasing the variability and numbers of subjects, blinding the testers to the ...
Deuschl G - - 1999
We describe a patient who developed Parkinson's disease (PD) 17 years after resection of his right cerebellum because of a Lindau tumor. He showed a classic 4.3-Hz resting tremor on the left side but a 3.1-Hz resting, postural, and intention tremor on the right side compatible with midbrain tremor (Holmes' ...
Kitay D - - 1999
To determine if motivation for adult orthodontic treatment is influenced by self-perception, a computer morphing program was developed to animate discrete digitized photographs of facial profiles. It was hypothesized that orthodontic patients are less tolerant of variations in their profiles than nonorthodontic patients. Sixteen orthodontic and 14 nonorthodontic adult patients ...
Schneider J K - - 1999
The purpose of this study was to develop the Episode-Specific Interpretations of Exercise Inventory (ESIE). Through a qualitative analysis of women's exercise experiences, episode-specific interpretations were defined operationally as consisting of five themes (Somatic Sensations, Affirmations, Connectedness, Explanations, and Reflections), each containing several categories. Nine-point adjectival scales were generated to ...
Dong J K - - 1999
PURPOSE: This article reviews recent research on the esthetics of the smile, covering the attractiveness of the smile, the effect of aging on the smile, oral condition and the smile, personality and smile, and smile exercises. MATERIAL AND METHODS: The subjects were Koreans with normal occlusion. Photographs of a full ...
Haley K A - - 1999
This purpose of this paper is to describe the Rasch calibration of a portion of the Watkins-Farnum Performance Scale (WFPS), using a sample of 218 sixth graders from a middle school in Rhode Island. The WFPS is a test of instrumental music performance and consists of fourteen exercises of increasing ...
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