Search Results
Results 451 - 500 of 689
< 5 6 7 8 9 10 11 12 13 14 >
Kitay D - - 1999
To determine if motivation for adult orthodontic treatment is influenced by self-perception, a computer morphing program was developed to animate discrete digitized photographs of facial profiles. It was hypothesized that orthodontic patients are less tolerant of variations in their profiles than nonorthodontic patients. Sixteen orthodontic and 14 nonorthodontic adult patients ...
Schneider J K - - 1999
The purpose of this study was to develop the Episode-Specific Interpretations of Exercise Inventory (ESIE). Through a qualitative analysis of women's exercise experiences, episode-specific interpretations were defined operationally as consisting of five themes (Somatic Sensations, Affirmations, Connectedness, Explanations, and Reflections), each containing several categories. Nine-point adjectival scales were generated to ...
Dong J K - - 1999
PURPOSE: This article reviews recent research on the esthetics of the smile, covering the attractiveness of the smile, the effect of aging on the smile, oral condition and the smile, personality and smile, and smile exercises. MATERIAL AND METHODS: The subjects were Koreans with normal occlusion. Photographs of a full ...
Haley K A - - 1999
This purpose of this paper is to describe the Rasch calibration of a portion of the Watkins-Farnum Performance Scale (WFPS), using a sample of 218 sixth graders from a middle school in Rhode Island. The WFPS is a test of instrumental music performance and consists of fourteen exercises of increasing ...
Mobin F - - 1999
In this study we compared the position of the electronically active contact of the thalamic (Vim) deep brain stimulation (DBS) electrode to the stereotactic location of its tip. Fifteen patients with either Parkinson's disease (PD) or essential tremor (ET) underwent stereotactic, MRI-based placement of the Medtronic quadripolar DBS electrode. An ...
Arai Y - - 1998
This study of relationships between personality and exercise frequency was based on 22,448 residents (40 to 64 years old) in Miyagi, Japan. They completed the self-administered questionnaires on their exercise frequency and the Japanese version of the short form Eysenck Personality Questionnaire-Revised. Higher scores on Extraversion were positively related to ...
Masumoto Y - - 1998
The present study aimed to examine the psychosomatic effect in the chewing of marketed gum using electroencephalogram (EEG) as an index. The EEG were taken in two sets: (i) a resting period before chewing (control recording) and a resting record (post-resting recording) for examining reproducibility; and (ii) a control recording ...
al-Waheidi E M - - 1998
OBJECTIVE: To investigate the soft tissue profile changes associated with Le Fort maxillary osteotomy in subjects with cleft lip and palate and the predictability of those changes. DESIGN: A retrospective cephalometric study. The sample comprises 28 patients with cleft lip and palate. All consecutively treated cases with satisfactory records at ...
Jensen J L - - 1998
Paraffin tablets are commonly used in clinical saliva tests whereas chewing-gum is recommended to increase salivation in xerostomic patients. The aim of this study was to compare the effect on salivation of these stimuli. Saliva stimulated by chewing-gum or paraffin tablets was sampled on separate occasions from eight healthy subjects ...
Larson E B - - 1998
BACKGROUND: Clinical investigators from Seattle, Honolulu, Tokyo, and Hiroshima participated in two standardization exercises in which data were collected on independent assessments. Exercises were conducted to evaluate the interobserver agreement on clinical diagnoses of dementia and dementia subtypes in a cross-national study of dementia prevalence and incidence rates in the ...
Ishijima T - - 1998
This study was conducted to elucidate the relationship between the presence of occlusal support in edentulous subjects and their ability for physical exercise. Ten complete denture wearers were selected and instructed to jump vertically while standing on a force plate with and without occlusal support (i.e. dentures). On the curve ...
Kan C C - - 1998
AIMS: To evaluate the homogeneity of the elements of the Substance Dependence Syndrome (SDS) as applied to benzodiazepines (BZDs) by Rasch modelling. MEASUREMENTS: The Rasch scaling model was applied to data obtained by administering the SCAN (Schedules for Clinical Assessments in Neuropsychiatry) substance dependence sections. Subsequently, Rasch-homogeneous sets of DSM-III-R ...
Lim L Y - - 1998
This retrospective cephalometric study examined the stability of mandibular incisor decompensation following orthognathic treatment. It also studied the relationship between the mandibular incisor-mandibular plane angle (LIMnp) and the maxillary-mandibular planes angle (MMA). Two groups of 22 subjects each underwent either mandibular advancement only or bimaxillary surgery with mandibular setback. Serial ...
Trull T J - - 1998
Two-year stability coefficients were computed for several measures of borderline personality disorder within a nonclinical sample (n = 65) that included individuals with significant borderline features. Overall, the stability coefficients were modest (r ranging from .28 to .62; intraclass correlations ranging from .26 to .62). Stability values for each of ...
Hattab F N - - 1997
OBJECTIVE: To measure changes in angular position and eruption status of mesially impacted mandibular third molars (M3) during 4-year follow-up period. STUDY DESIGN: Standardized panoramic radiographs were taken at the start of the study (the average age of the subjects was 19.7 years) and 4 years later. Angulation and degree ...
Sugawara J - - 1997
This article outlines the authors' research findings on the craniofacial growth of untreated skeletal Class III malocclusion, as well as the short-term and long-term effects of chincap orthopedic force for controlling Class III mandibular growth. Skeletal Class III malocclusion is believed to be the result of excessive growth of the ...
Loh H S - - 1997
Bilateral coronoid hyperplasia requires surgery (coronoidectomy) to improve mouth opening. An intra-oral approach is preferred with direct fibre-optic anaesthetic intubation. Myotomy of the masseter muscle is recommended in cases where fibrotic and calcifying effects have occurred. Pre-operative physiotherapy counselling and post-operative jaw exercises are important to the final success of ...
Gerber J W - - 1997
The Magill Sagittal and Drive Tube was developed as a result of the demands for more efficient "fixed" functional appliances. Continued pressure on orthodontic laboratories and manufacturers has resulted in the development of various 'fixed' versions of the appliances necessary to accomplish the goals of functional jaw orthopedic therapy. The ...
Kovero O - - 1997
Holding a violin between shoulder and chin needs a special kind of muscle function. The purpose of this investigation was to determine whether this kind of muscular activity is a modifying factor for facial growth in adolescence. The bony facial dimensions of 24 adolescent violin students attending colleges of music ...
Michelotti A - - 1997
STATEMENT OF PROBLEM: The determination of a correct vertical dimension of occlusion is a critical procedure in clinical dentistry. PURPOSE: The objectives of this study were to analyze the relation between mandibular rest position and electrical activity of masticatory muscles and to compare clinical and electromyographic rest position in subjects ...
Kerosuo H - - 1997
The aim was to investigate nickel and chromium concentrations in saliva of patients with different types of fixed appliances. Saliva samples were collected from 47 orthodontic patients, ages 8 to 30 years. Four samples from each subject were collected: (1) before insertion of the appliance, (2) 1 to 2 days ...
Hodge J J - - 1997
The purpose of this study was to measure the forces produced by a lip bumper on the mandibular permanent first molars. The forces in a sample of 38 patients were measured bilaterally with specially designed gauges at rest but with their lips lightly touching, speaking the words church, phone, and ...
Baccetti T - - 1997
A group of 25 untreated subjects with Class II malocclusion in the deciduous dentition (featuring the concomitant presence of distal step, Class II deciduous canine relationship, and excessive overjet) was compared with a control group of 22 untreated subjects with ideal occlusion (flush terminal plane, Class I deciduous canine relationship, ...
Bogaard H J - - 1997
Over the past three decades, the technique of electrical impedance cardiography (EIC) has developed into a valid and reliable instrument for the assessment of stroke volume. Recent developments have made EIC suitable for routine use during exercise testing, too. However, standardization of electrode positioning, stroke volume calculation, and data processing ...
Lineker S C - - 1997
OBJECTIVE: Education is an important component of community based rehabilitation programs for people with rheumatoid arthritis (RA). This study describes the development of a questionnaire to measure knowledge in this context. METHODS: Items were generated using focus group methodology and covered the domains of prognosis, pain management, medications, joint protection, ...
Park B - - 1997
By using a round-robin design, groups of freshmen reported their impressions of dormmates at 4 different times during the year. Consensus on W. T. Norman's Big Five (1963) did not increase over the year, even though reported acquaintance did increase. Agreement in liking predicted agreement in the trait ratings, such ...
Kay R M - - 1997
This study was undertaken to assess the inter- and intraobserver variability associated with the assessment of acetabular index. Five readers (three senior orthopaedic residents and two pediatric orthopaedic attendings) read each of 24 films on three separate occasions (360 total readings). An independent observer who was blinded to the results ...
Koshino H - - 1997
STATEMENT OF PROBLEM: For complete denture wearers the tongue plays an important role in the retention and stability of dentures and has a great influence on masticatory function. PURPOSE OF STUDY: The purpose of this study was to elucidate the relationship between tongue motor behavior and masticatory function. MATERIAL AND ...
Chen K F - - 1997
Midface retrusion in cleft lip and palate patients often results in personal, social, and psychological problems, along with the functional difficulty. Hence, soft tissue profile improvement in early childhood is of obvious importance. The purpose of this study was to investigate the soft tissue changes that occur during reverse headgear ...
Trotman C A - - 1997
The specific contribution of enlarged tonsils or adenoids to craniofacial growth remains unknown, and there is no agreement in the literature as to the significance of lip posture. This study assessed the separate associations of lip posture, sagittal airway size, and tonsil size with selected cephalometric measures. Clinical and cephalometric ...
Cayley A S - - 1997
Audit is widely used to improve the quality of care in both medicine and dentistry but has not always been subject to systematic evaluation. The aim of this study was to assess the effect of an audit exercise on the diagnosis of occlusal caries. Using combined visual and radiographic methods. ...
Bellamy N - - 1997
AIMS: A study was designed to assess the effects of a standardized instructional videotape on reducing interobserver variability for several commonly used observer dependent outcome measures. METHODS: During a single day, six rheumatologists independently examined six patients with osteoarthritis (OA) in a predetermined order using a Latin square design, before ...
Dermaut L R - - 1996
This study covers articles dealing with orthopedic treatment of Class III malocclusions, transversal deficiencies, and orthopedically induced changes in animal studies. An attempt has been made to discuss the whole group of orthopedic changes and their effects in the long-term. We want to emphasize that all orthopedic appliances have an ...
Insoft M D - - 1996
This case was treated by residents in the postgraduate orthodontic program at the University of Florida under the supervision of Dr. Hocevar. A treatment regimen that he developed to increase the strength and endurance of the masticatory muscles was used. The patient performed prescribed daily clenching and chewing exercise with ...
Sinobad D - - 1996
The angular relationship between the occlusal plane and six variants of Camper's plane used in clinical practice were investigated on 41 lateral cephalometric radiographs. The line A-T1, connecting the lower border of the ala with the upper border of the tragus is recommended in establishing the occlusal plane in patients ...
Buxbaum J - - 1996
Several papers have recently appeared in the literature questioning the usefulness of surface EMG in the management of temporomandibular dysfunction (TMD) patients. One of the concerns is the stability of EMG over time in any one patient. This study was undertaken on normal subjects to determine the level of surface ...
Jäncke L - - 1996
This study was designed to examine whether facial EMG reactions occurred while subjects experienced anger. All subjects (n = 60) were required to perform an intelligence test. Randomly chosen subjects (n = 40) received negative feedback irrespective of their actual test achievement. The remaining twenty subjects served as control group ...
Burgess A P - - 1996
The aim of this study was to examine the spatio-temporal reliability of EEG power during the baseline period of an event-related desynchronisation (ERD) experiment. The data were analysed using ideas from generalisability theory. The largest sources of variance were found to be associated with differences between subjects (subject main effect), ...
El Gammal C - - 1996
Clinical grading of dry skin syndromes (xerosis) is beset by many variables which limit its reliability. Removing scales onto adhesive coated discs (D-Squames) has provided a means for objective measurement of xerotic states. Using image analysis we have modified the basic procedure to assure greater accuracy and reproducibility. The distribution ...
Abadie B R - - 1996
7 subjects exercised while viewing and not viewing the Rating of Perceived Exertion scale during exercise to assess whether ratings of perceived exertion are influenced by viewing the scale itself. Analysis suggested that monitoring moderate to high intensity exercise without viewing the RPE scale may result in an underestimation of ...
Abadie B R - - 1996
30 men 18 to 25 years of age participated in two treatments presented in counterbalanced order. They exercised for 6 min. on a Monarch cycle ergometer at a workload of 122.5 W while viewing and listening to music videotapes or exercised in a quiet environment. External stimuli in the viewing ...
Cura N - - 1996
The orthodontic and orthopedic effects of the Activator, Activator-Headgear Combination (ACHG) and the Bass appliance systems were compared by analyzing the cephalometric records of 64 subjects, who were treated for skeletal Class II malocclusion, with both conventional and Pancherz's methods. Differences between observations on the different occasions (starting and ending ...
Katsev R - - 1996
Traditionally, the primary reason for seeking orthodontic treatment was the correction of dental deformities. Today, in moving teeth and shaping arches with the K-Wire and a active retainer, we are able to shape the maxilla to concomitantly give our patients and the healing professions in general, fine tuning control over ...
Abekura H - - 1996
For evaluation of the comfortable zone (CZ) and the most comfortable position (MCP) of the occlusal vertical relation of the mandible, the constant stimuli method with three subjective categories of judgements was applied in 10 edentulous subjects. The evaluated CZ was stable and about 3 mm in width. The occlusal ...
Kirkby R J - - 1996
A volunteer sample of 158 aerobics instructors, 46 competitors, and 102 general participants completed 2 assessments of exercise dependence, the Negative Addiction Scale and the Commitment to Running Scale. Pearson rs showed scores on the measures related significantly for the total sample (.33), the participants (.35), and the instructors (.36), ...
Hwang H S - - 1996
The purpose of this study is to investigate the effects of orthodontic treatment on centric discrepancy. Thirty-six orthodontic patients who had been treated with an edgewise appliance were selected for this study while 30 persons who had no history of orthodontic treatment were used as a control group. After recording ...
Anderson D J - - 1996
In man, parotid flow has been recorded, using modified Lashley cups, in response to mechanical stimulation of the teeth by repeated chewing and clenching manoeuvres. The rectified and integrated masseter electromyographic activity was used as an indirect measure of the stimulus intensity where necessary. Following the observation that "empty clenching' ...
Otsuka M - - 1996
It has been reported that the F-Dopa (FD) uptake in patients with idiopathic Parkinson's disease (PD) decreased significantly in the caudate and putamen when compared to controls. The FD uptake severely decreased in the putamen, while it was relatively spared in the caudate nucleus. We also previously reported that atypical ...
- - 1996
The Unified Huntington's Disease Rating Scale (UHDRS) was developed as a clinical rating scale to assess four domains of clinical performance and capacity in HD: motor function, cognitive function, behavioral abnormalities, and functional capacity. We assessed the internal consistency and the intercorrelations for the four domains and examined changes in ...
So L L - - 1996
Patients with cleft lip and cleft palate often develop maxillary retrognathism. This is due to the combined effects of the congenital deformity and surgical repairs. Early protraction of the maxilla with extraoral forces helps to achieve more balanced skeletal harmony and favorable occlusion for future growth to occur. The purpose ...
< 5 6 7 8 9 10 11 12 13 14 >