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McGlory Chris C Department of Kinesiology, Exercise Metabolism Research Group, McMaster University, Hamilton, Ontario, - - 2014
The main purpose of this review is to discuss novel methodological advances in the assessment of muscle protein synthesis (MPS) in response to protein feeding and resistance exercise. In the past 20 years, there has been a shift from application of the nitrogen balance methods toward the infusion of stable ...
Barnard S S Public Health England, Centre for Radiation Chemical and Environmental Hazards, Chilton, UK - - 2014
In the event of a mass casualty radiation incident, the gamma-H2AX foci assay could be a useful tool to estimate radiation doses received by individuals. The rapid processing time of blood samples of just a few hours and the potential for batch processing, enabling high throughput, make the assay ideal ...
Manfredini Fabio F Department of Biomedical and Specialty Surgical Sciences - Section of Sport Sciences, University of Ferrara, Ferrara, - - 2014
Patients on dialysis are poorly active and show a low level of physical functioning. Questionnaires and objective measurements of spontaneous physical activity are available as well as complex-expensive or simple-unexpensive tests useful to assess the patient's exercise capacity. Performance assessment unravels patients' capabilities, enables a tailored exercise prescription and provides ...
Grabiner Mark D MD Department of Kinesiology and Nutrition, University of Illinois at - - 2014
Trip-specific perturbation training reduces trip-related falls following laboratory-induced trips and, prospectively, in the community. Based on an emerging body of evidence, we hypothesize that employing task-specific perturbation training as a stand-alone approach or in conjunction with conventional exercise-based approaches will significantly improve the effectiveness of fall prevention interventions. Task-specific perturbation ...
Scott Brendan R BR Applied Sport Science and Exercise Testing Laboratory, Faculty of Science and Information Technology, University of Newcastle, Ourimbah, NSW 2258, Australia. Electronic address: - - 2014
This study quantified the inter- and intra-test reliability of telemetric surface electromyography (EMG) and near infrared spectroscopy (NIRS) during resistance exercise. Twelve well-trained young men performed high-intensity back squat exercise (12 sets at 70-90% 1-repetition maximum) on two occasions, during which EMG and NIRS continuously monitored muscle activation and oxygenation ...
Choudhuri Indrajit I Aurora Cardiovascular Services, Aurora Sinai/Aurora St. Luke's Medical Centers, University of Wisconsin School of Medicine and Public Health, Milwaukee, - - 2014
One-third of eligible patients fail to respond to cardiac resynchronization therapy (CRT). Current methods to "optimize" the atrio-ventricular (A-V) interval are performed at rest, which may limit its efficacy during daily activities. We hypothesized that low-intensity cardiopulmonary exercise testing (CPX) could identify the most favorable physiologic combination of specific gas ...
Loures João Paulo JP 1Post-Graduation Program in Motricity Science, São Paulo State University - Rio Claro-SP, Brazil 2Research and Education Centre, Aspetar, Qatar Orthopaedic and Sports Medicine Hospital, Doha, Qatar 3Laboratory of Exercise Physiology (LAFE) - São Paulo State University - Presidente Prudente-SP, Brazil 4São Paulo State University, Physical Education Department, Bauru-SP, Brazil 5School of Physical Education and Sports of Ribeirão Preto, São Paulo University, Ribeirão Preto-SP, - - 2014
The aim of this study was to establish the validity of the anaerobic threshold (AT) determined on the soccer specific Hoff circuit (ATHoff) in order to predict the maximal lactate steady state exercise intensity (MLSSHoff) with the ball. Sixteen soccer players (16.0±0.5 years; 63.7±9.0 kg, and 169.4±5.3 cm) were submitted ...
Donaldson Alex A *Australian Centre for Research Into Injury in Sport and Its Prevention (ACRISP), Federation University Australia, Ballarat, Australia; †Department of Physiotherapy, School of Primary Health Care, Faculty of Medicine, Nursing and Health Sciences, Monash University, Frankston, Australia; ‡Department of Epidemiology and Preventive Medicine, Monash University, Melbourne, Australia; §Centre for Musculoskeletal Research, Griffith Health Institute, Griffith University, Gold Coast, Australia; and ¶School of Health Sciences, Federation University Australia, Ballarat, - - 2014
To achieve expert consensus on the content of an exercise training program (known as FootyFirst) to prevent lower-limb injuries. Three-round online Delphi consultation process. Community Australian Football (AF). Members of the Australian Football Leagues' Medical Officers (n = 94), physiotherapists (n = 50), and Sports Science (n = 19) Associations ...
Moore Isabel S IS Sports injury Research Group, Cardiff School of Sport, Cardiff Metropolitan University, Cardiff, Wales, - - 2014
Interest in barefoot running and research is growing. However a methodological issue surrounding investigations is how familiar the participants are with running barefoot. The aim of the study was to assess the amount of time required for habitually shod runners to become familiar with barefoot treadmill running. Twelve female recreational ...
Kilgore J L JL a Institute for Clinical Exercise & Health Science , University of the West of Scotland , Hamilton ML3 0JB , Scotland , - - 2014
Exercise physiology, in terms of the history of biological sciences, is quite young and has a rather tumultuous history - as it spans physical education, health & medicine, sport science, and biology. This has led to the development of differing definitions, research approaches, practices and goals. This is easily seen ...
Arib M M Nuclear Research Centre of Algiers, Atomic Energy Commission, 2, Bd. Frantz Fanon B.P. 399 Alger RP, Alger 16000, Algeria mehenna.arib@crna.dz - - 2014
An intercomparison exercise on the measurement of personal dose equivalent Hp(10) was jointly organised by the International Atomic Energy Agency and the Nuclear Research Centre of Algiers through its Secondary Standard Dosimetry Laboratory in the African region. This intercomparison exercise was aimed at verifying the performance of the individual monitoring ...
Knoepfli-Lenzin Claudia C a Exercise Physiology , Institute for Human Movement Science and Sport, ETH Zurich , Zurich , - - 2014
Abstract Running shoe construction influences the forces experienced by the human body while running. The aim of this study was to ascertain whether the new sole architecture of the On running shoe reduces ground reaction forces compared with running barefoot or with a conventional running shoe and whether it changes ...
Kang Sung Gu SG Department of Urology, Korea University School of Medicine, Seoul, Republic of - - 2014
To better use virtual reality robotic simulators and offer surgeons more practical exercises, we developed the Tube 3 module for practicing vesicourethral anastomosis (VUA), one of the most complex steps in the robot-assisted radical prostatectomy procedure. Herein, we describe the principle of the Tube 3 module and evaluate its face, ...
Boyer Elizabeth R ER a Iowa State - - 2014
Abstract BACKGROUND:Medial longitudinal arch integrity following prolonged running has yet to be well documented. Our purpose was to quantify changes in medial longitudinal arch kinematics before and after a 45 minute run in healthy recreational runners. METHODS:Thirty runners performed barefoot seated, standing, and running trials before and after a 45 ...
White Andrew D AD School of Life Sciences College of Medical, Veterinary and Life Sciences University of - - 2014
This study assessed the relative demands of elite field hockey training and competition to determine whether familiar exercise prescription strategies provide an appropriate training stimulus. Sixteen elite male field hockey players (age 25 ± 4 yrs, body mass 70.9 ± 6.6 kg and maximal oxygen consumption 61.0 ± 2.1 mL.kg.min ...
Maloney Sean J SJ Department of Sport Science and Physical Activity, Research Graduate School, University of Bedfordshire, Polhill Avenue, Bedford, MK41 9EA, UK, - - 2014
Post-activation potentiation (PAP) refers to the acute enhancement of muscular function as a direct result of its contractile history. Protocols designed to elicit PAP have commonly employed heavy resistance exercise (HRE) as the pre-activation stimulus; however, a growing body of research suggests that low-load ballistic exercises (BE) may also provide ...
Sadik Jamal J VA Palo Alto Health Care System, Stanford University, Palo Alto, - - 2014
Studies performed over the past 2 decades have supported the recommendation that the exercise test protocol be individualized and that a targeted duration of 8 to 12 minutes is optimal. However, this is not always implemented clinically because of the complication of having to choose a specific ramp to match a ...
Sañudo Borja B 1Department of Physical Education and Sport. University of Seville, Seville, - - 2014
The aim of this study was to establish the validity of a video analysis software package in measuring mean propulsive velocity (MPV) and the maximal velocity during bench press. Twenty-one healthy males (21 ± 1 year) with weight training experience were recruited and the MPV and the maximal velocity of ...
Zouhal Hassane H Movement, Sport, Health and Sciences laboratory (M2S), UFRAPS, University of Rennes 2-ENS Cachan, Rennes cedex, - - 2014
The study was designed to determine the effect of drafting on running time, physiological response and rate of perceived exertion (RPE) during 3000m-track running. Ten elite middle and long distance runners performed three track-running sessions. The first session determined maximal oxygen uptake (VO2max) and maximal aerobic speed (MAS) using a ...
Stickford A S L SL Human Performance Laboratory, Department of Kinesiology, Indiana University, Bloomington, - - 2014
The efficacy of and mechanisms behind the widespread use of lower leg compression as an ergogenic aid to improve running performance are unknown. The purpose of this study was to examine whether or not wearing graduated lower leg compression sleeves during exercise evokes changes in running economy (RE) perhaps due ...
Gathercole Rob R University of Victoria, Victoria, BC, - - 2014
To examine the reliability and magnitude of change following fatiguing exercise in the countermovement jump (CMJ) test and determine its suitability for the assessment of fatigue-induced changes in neuromuscular (NM) function. A secondary aim was to examine the usefulness of a set of alternative CMJ variables (CMJ-ALT) related to CMJ ...
Burke Louise M LM AIS Sports Nutrition, Canberra, - - 2014
Post-exercise recovery is an important theme to aquatic athletes, and involves interest in the quality, quantity and timing of intake of food and fluids after workouts or competitive events to optimise processes such as refuelling, rehydration, repair and adaptation. Recovery processes which help to minimise the risk of illness and ...
Kanamoto Takashi T Department of Rehabilitation, Osaka Rosai Hospital, 1179-3 Nagasone-cho, Kita-ku, Sakai, Osaka, 597-8025, Japan, - - 2014
The present study was performed to examine the reliability of ultrasound in evaluating patellar mobility in the superior-inferior direction. Twelve healthy men volunteered for the study. Patellar mobility in the superior-inferior direction during isometric knee extension contraction with the knee immobilized in a semi-flexed knee brace was measured using ultrasound. ...
Knight Emily E Lawson Health Research Institute, Aging Rehabilitation and Geriatric Care Research Centre, London, Ontario, Canada; University of Western Ontario, Faculty of Health Sciences, London, Ontario, - - 2014
Canadian clinical practice guidelines for the management of diabetes highlight the value of physical activity for improving clinical markers and risk factors for diabetes. The use of tools like the Step Test and Exercise Prescription (STEP) in clinical practice facilitates chronic disease management and prevention through the promotion of healthy ...
Schücker Linda L Institute of Sports Science, Department of Sport Psychology, University of Münster, Münster, - - 2014
The aim of this study was to examine differentiated effects of internally focused attention in endurance sports. Thirty-two active runners ran 24 min on a treadmill at a fixed speed of moderate intensity. For each 6-min block, participants had to direct their attention on different internal aspects (movement execution, breathing, ...
Pessoa Bruna V BV Laboratory of Spirometry and Respiratory Therapy, Universidade Federal de São Carlos, São Carlos, SP, - - 2014
Objectives: to evaluate the concurrent validity of the six-minute step test (6MST) in assessing exercise capacity of COPD patients using the six-minute walk test (6MWT) as a gold-standard. The predictive validity of the 6MST was assessed to determine a cut-off point for identification of low exercise capacity. Method: thirty-two COPD ...
Küpper T T Institute of Occupational and Social Medicine, RWTH Aachen Technical University, Pauwelstr. 30, 52057, Aachen, Germany, - - 2014
Lay resuscitation is crucial for the survival of the patients with out-of-hospital cardiac arrest. Therefore, lay CPR should be a basic skill for everyone. With the growing proportion of retired people in the Western societies, CPR performed by people with preexisting diseases and at risk of cardiac events is expected ...
Kraschnewski Jennifer L JL Department of Medicine, Penn State Hershey Medical Center, 500 University Drive, Hershey, PA, 17033, United States; Department of Public Health Sciences, College of Medicine, The Pennsylvania State University, 500 University Drive, Hershey PA, 17033, United States. Electronic address: - - 2014
To determine the association between meeting strength training (ST) guidelines (≥2 times per week) and the presence of functional limitations among older adults. This cross-sectional study used data from older adult participants (n=6,763) of the National Health Interview Survey conducted in 2011 in the United States. Overall, 16.1% of older ...
Ar Ilktan - - 2014
Computerized recognition of the home based physiotherapy exercises has many benefits and it has attracted considerable interest among the computer vision community. However, most methods in the literature view this task as a special case of motion recognition. In contrast, we propose to employ the three main components of a ...
Boullosa D A DA Universidade Católica de Brasília, Pós-Graduação Stricto Sensu em Educação Física, Águas Claras, - - 2014
Previous studies on HR recovery (HRR) measures have utilized the supine and the seated postures. However, the most common recovery mode in sport and clinical settings after running exercise is active walking. The aim of the current study was to examine the reliability of HR measures during walking (4 km · h(-1)) before ...
Robinson Katie R - - 2014
Chair based exercise (CBE) is suggested to engage older people with compromised health and mobility in an accessible form of exercise. A systematic review looking at the benefits of CBE for older people identified a lack of clarity regarding a definition, delivery, purpose and benefits. This study aimed to utilise ...
Fortington Lauren V LV Australian Centre for Research into Injury in Sport and its Prevention (ACRISP), Federation University Australia, - - 2014
To obtain benefits from sports injury prevention programs, players are instructed to perform the exercises as prescribed. We developed an observational checklist to measure the quality of exercise performance by players participating in FootyFirst, a coach-led, exercise-based, lower-limb injury prevention program in community Australian Football (AF). Observational. The essential performance ...
Fragala Maren S - - 2014
Aerobic exercise has been shown to counteract age-related neurological decrements that are associated with cognitive and physical impairments. However, the effects of resistance exercise on cognition, reaction, and neurotrophins are largely unknown. We examined changes in spatial awareness, visual and motor reaction, and circulating brain derived neurotrophic factor (BDNF) in ...
Chalmers Samuel S Exercise for Health and Human Performance Research Group, Sansom Institute for Health Research, University of South Australia, Adelaide, Australia, - - 2014
Studies have demonstrated that longer-term heat acclimation training (≥8 heat exposures) improves physical performance. The physiological adaptations gained through short-term heat acclimation (STHA) training suggest that physical performance can be enhanced within a brief timeframe. The aim of this systematic review was to determine if STHA training (≤7 heat exposures) ...
Merom Dafna D 1School of Science and Health, University of Western Sydney, Campbelltown, AUSTRALIA; 2Neuroscience Research Australia (NeuRA), University of NSW, Sydney, AUSTRALIA; 3School of Public Health, University of Sydney, Sydney, AUSTRALIA; 4Health Promotion Service, Clinical Support Division (Western), Sydney, AUSTRALIA; 5Centre for Health Advancement, NSW Health Department, Liverpool, AUSTRALIA; and 6Department of Public and Occupational Health, EMGO Institute for Health and Care Research, VU University Medical Centre, Amsterdam, THE - - 2014
This study assessed the criterion validity and responsiveness of the Incidental and Planned Exercise Questionnaire (IPEQ) specifically developed for aging research. The sample comprised 315 community-dwelling inactive older adults (mean age = 73.2 yr) who participated in a trial investigating the effect of a walking program on falls. At baseline, ...
Bampouras Theodoros M TM 1Human Performance Laboratory, Department of Medical and Sport Sciences, Faculty of Health and Science, University of Cumbria, Lancaster, United Kingdom; 2Department of Sport and Physical Activity, Faculty of Arts and Sciences, Edge Hill University, Ormskirk, United Kingdom; 3School of Health and Social Sciences, Faculty of Advanced Engineering and Sciences, University of Bolton, Bolton, United Kingdom; and 4Centre for Rehabilitation and Human Performance Research, University of Salford, Salford, Greater Manchester, United - - 2014
Bampouras, TM, Marrin, K, Sankey, SP, and Jones, PA. Test-retest reliability and sensitivity of the Concept2 Dyno dynamometer: practical applications. J Strength Cond Res 28(5): 1381-1385, 2014-Strength assessment is often part of the objective periodical observation of teams, squads, or large groups of athletes. Equipment that provides assessment that is ...
- - 2014
Preparedness is the aggregate of all measures and policies adopted before an event occurs that promotes mitigation of the damage caused by an event and minimises the dysfunction that could result from the damage. More specifically, it includes all planning and resources that are devoted to preventing deaths and morbidity ...
Jarvis Mark M MM 1English Institute of Sport 2Salford University 3Salford - - 2014
In contrast to other methods of training the quantification of plyometric exercise intensity is poorly defined. The purpose of this study was to evaluate the suitability of a range of neuromuscular and mechanical variables to describe the intensity of plyometric exercises. Seven male recreationally active subjects performed a series of ...
Jahn Jürgen J Innere Medizin II des Evangelischen Krankenhauses Castrop-Rauxel, - - 2014
Background: The measurement of the ankle-brachial index (ABI) is a straightforward method for the detection of atherosclerosis in the lower limbs. Pneumoplethysmographic pulse-volume recordings (PVR) investigations are supposed to be less valid. Thus we compared the sensitivity of ABI and PVR in detection of PAD and its improvement by combining ...
Betz Heather Hayes HH Department of Kinesiology, Albion College, Albion, - - 2014
Quantifying lifetime physical activity using self-reported measures is challenging due to reliance on recall, especially in older populations. The purpose of this study was to determine the one-year reproducibility of the Veterans Physical Activity Questionnaire (VAPAQ) in a cohort of patients with documented abdominal aortic aneurysm disease (AAA). Subjects included ...
Dalili M M Rajaie Cardiovascular Medical and Research Center, Tehran, Islamic Republic of Iran, - - 2014
This study was conducted to evaluate the accuracy of exercise testing for predicting accessory pathway characteristics in children with Wolff-Parkinson-White (WPW) syndrome. The study enrolled 37 children with WPW syndrome and candidates for invasive electrophysiologic study (EPS). Exercise testing was performed for all the study participants before the invasive study. ...
Simpson Kathleen K Department of Kinesiology, University of Connecticut, Storrs, - - 2014
Little information exists regarding the psychometric properties of question eight (Q8) of the Paffenbarger Physical Activity Questionnaire (PPAQ) to assess exercise. Thus, we conducted two studies to assess the validity and test-retest reliability of Q8 among adults. Study one participants (n=419) were 44.1±16.1 yr. Validity was determined by comparing self-reported ...
Liebetrau Christoph C Department of Cardiology, Kerckhoff Heart and Thorax Centre, - - 2014
The average diagnostic sensitivity of exercise stress tests (ESTs) is lower than that of other non-invasive cardiac stress tests. The aim of the study was to examine whether high-sensitivity cardiac troponin T (hs-cTnT) or copeptin concentrations rise in response to inducible myocardial ischaemia and may improve the diagnostic accuracy of ...
Lindsay Timothy R - - 2014
Gait timing dynamics of treadmill and overground running were compared. Nine trained runners ran treadmill and track trials at 80, 100, and 120% of preferred pace for 8 min. each. Stride time series were generated for each trial. To each series, detrended fluctuation analysis (DFA), power spectral density (PSD), and ...
Hébert-Losier K K Swedish Winter Sports Research Centre, Department of Health Sciences, Mid Sweden University, Östersund, - - 2014
We compared the reduction in running velocities from road to off-road terrain in eight elite and eight amateur male orienteer athletes to investigate whether this factor differentiates elite from amateur athletes. On two separate days, each subject ran three 2-km time trials and three 20-m sprints "all-out" on a road, ...
Sylvester Benjamin D BD a The University of British - - 2014
Abstract Objective: Perceived variety represents a psychosocial experience that gives rise to, and supports the maintenance of, an individual's well-being. In this study, we developed an instrument to measure perceived variety in exercise, and examined whether ratings of perceived variety in exercise predict unique variance in indices of exercise-related well-being ...
Cools Ann M AM Department of Rehabilitation Sciences and Physiotherapy, Faculty of Medicine and Health Sciences, Ghent University, Ghent, - - 2014
BACKGROUND:Although rehabilitation exercises are recommended in the nonoperative and postoperative treatment of biceps-related disorders and superior labrum anterior-posterior (SLAP) lesions in overhead athletes, a progressive exercise protocol with controlled low to moderate loads on the biceps has not yet been described. PURPOSE:To describe a continuum of exercises with progressive low ...
Wallace Lee K LK 1Sport & Exercise Discipline Group, UTS: Health, University of Technology Sydney, Australia 2Research Centre for Sport, Mountain and Health, University of Verona, Rovereto, Italy 3New South Wales Institute of Sport, Homebush, Sydney, - - 2014
The purpose of this investigation was to compare the criterion validity and test-retest reliability of common methods for quantifying training load. Ten (5 male; 5 female) recreational athletes (mean±SD, VO2max: 37.0±4.3 mL.kg.min, age: 23.8±8.4 y) completed 18 randomly-assigned steady state (SS) and interval (INT) training sessions during a six week ...
Sánchez-Martín F M FM Servicio de Urología, Fundacio Puigvert, Barcelona, España. Electronic address: - - 2014
in his Libro del exercicio y de sus provechos (Book of exercise and profits), the Spanish Renaissance physician Christopher Mendez (1500-1553) describes extracting a bulk stone from the bladder of a child younger than 5 years in the land of colonial Mexico. This is the first description of a surgical ...
Brodt Guilherme Auler GA Physical Education School, Federal University of Rio Grande do Sul, Porto Alegre, RS, - - 2014
The intensity of Pilates exercises is almost exclusively based on experience. Therefore, knowing the precise amount of effort that is exerted during exercises could be useful for professionals conducting exercise assessments and for future research using inverse dynamics (ID) analyses. The reformer is an apparatus that contains a carriage on ...
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