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McCullough M J MJ Department of Biological Sciences, Western Michigan University, 1903 W. Michigan Avenue, Kalamazoo, MI 49008-5410, USA. - - 2013
Neurotrophic factors may play a role in exercise-induced neuroprotective effects, however it is not known if exercise mediates changes in glial cell line-derived neurotrophic factor (GDNF) protein levels in the spinal cord. The aim of the current study was to determine if 2 weeks of exercise alters GDNF protein content ...
Waitzman Jennifer A - - 2013
Objective. To assess the impact of a new prescription analysis exercise in a second-year pharmaceutical care laboratory course. Design. A new prescription analysis exercise was created and implemented that shifted the focus from strictly identifying errors and omissions to identifying and correcting them. Students used electronic label templates and mock ...
Rathleff Michael Skovdal - - 2013
OBJECTIVE: To investigate if a new stretch sensor attached to an elastic exercise band can assist health professionals in evaluating adherence to home exercises. More specifically, the study investigated whether health professionals can differentiate elastic band exercises performed as prescribed, from exercises not performed as prescribed. METHODS: 10 participants performed ...
Cordeiro F - - 2013
The Institute for Reference Materials and Measurements (IRMM) of the Joint Research Centre (JRC), a Directorate-General of the European Commission, operates the International Measurement Evaluation Programme(®) (IMEP). It organises various types of inter-laboratory comparisons in support of European Union policies. This paper presents the results of a proficiency testing exercise ...
Archer S K - - 2013
Dysphagia is common after stroke, leading to adverse outcome. There is a paucity of high-quality evidence for dysphagia therapy, thus making it difficult to determine the best approaches to treatment. Clinical decisions are often based on usual practice, however no formal method of monitoring practice patterns exists. To determine speech ...
Kirkham Amy A - - 2013
Exercise plays an important role in cancer rehabilitation, but precise prescription of exercise intensity is required to maximize the benefits of this intervention. It is unknown whether different methods of prescribing aerobic exercise intensity achieve the same intensity. Breast cancer treatments may alter exercise response and thereby may have an ...
Poppendieck Wigand - - 2013
PURPOSE: Cooling after exercise has been investigated as a method to improve recovery during intensive training or competition periods. As many existing studies include untrained subjects, the transfer of those results to trained athletes is questionable. METHODS: Therefore, we conducted a literature search and located 21 peer-reviewed randomized controlled trials ...
Moreau Maxim - - 2013
The management of the peak vertical force (PVF) measurement needs to be determined in coxarthritis cats. Six privately-owned coxarthritis cats were conditioned to trot across a floor mat-based plantar force measurement system. Hind limbs PVF was measured on level ground at day one (D1), D8, D42, and D84. Measurements were ...
Moorcroft Lynda - - 2013
OBJECTIVES: This study investigated changes perceived by singers and listeners after the singers had vocally warmed up. STUDY DESIGN: The study used a repeated measures within-subject design to assess changes in vibrato quality from pre (nonwarmed-up voice) to post (warmed-up voice) test. Intraclass correlation coefficients were calculated to assess singers' ...
Doyle Lindsay - - 2013
BACKGROUND AND PURPOSE:: Although aerobic exercise (AE) has been shown to improve aerobic capacity and reduce morbidity in neurological populations, its application is challenging. The purpose of this study was to survey Canadian physical therapists practicing in adult neurorehabilitation regarding the use of AE in clinical practice. METHODS:: Members of ...
Koes David Ryan - - 2013
We describe a general methodology for designing an empirical scoring function and provide smina, a version of AutoDock Vina specially optimized to support high-throughput scoring and user-specified custom scoring functions. Using our general method, the unique capabilities of \smina , a set of default interaction terms from AutoDock Vina, and ...
Aughey Robert J - - 2013
OBJECTIVES: It is not known if the activity profile of elite Australian football players changes across two levels of competition. The aims of this study were therefore to: (1) classify the activity profile of elite and sub-elite Australian football for players from one elite Australian football club; and (2) compare ...
Haladay Douglas E - - 2013
STUDY DESIGN: Systematic literature review. OBJECTIVE: To evaluate the quality of systematic reviews (SRs) on specific stabilization exercises for chronic low back pain (LBP). BACKGROUND: Multiple SRs regarding the effectiveness of lumbar stabilization exercises for people with chronic LBP have been published. As more SRs are published, it has become ...
Ross Megan - - 2013
BACKGROUND: Precooling is a popular strategy used to combat the debilitating effects of heat-stress-induced fatigue and extend the period in which an individual can tolerate a heat-gaining environment. Interest in precooling prior to sporting activity has increased over the past three decades, with options including the application (external) and ingestion ...
Higham Dean G - - 2013
Although the characteristics of 15-a-side rugby union players have been well defined, there is little information on rugby sevens players. The authors profiled the anthropometric, physiological, and performance qualities of elite-level rugby sevens players and quantified relationships between these characteristics. Eighteen male international rugby sevens players undertook anthropometric (body mass, ...
Rosenmann David - - 2013
Exercise ECG testing in women for the diagnosis of coronary artery disease (CAD) has a higher false-positive rate compared to men. Consequently, women referred for coronary angiography following a positive exercise test often have normal coronary arteries or non-obstructive lesions. Analysis of the high-frequency components of the QRS complexes (HFQRS) ...
Goodacre S - - 2013
Current practice for suspected acute coronary syndrome (ACS) involves troponin testing 10-12 hours after symptom onset to diagnose myocardial infarction (MI). Patients with a negative troponin can be investigated further with computed tomographic coronary angiography (CTCA) or exercise electrocardiography (ECG). We aimed to estimate the diagnostic accuracy of early biomarkers ...
Assumpção Cláudio de Oliveira Cde - - 2013
Running economy (RE), defined as the energy demand for a given velocity of submaximal running, has been identified as a critical factor of overall distance running performance. Plyometric and resistance trainings, performed during a relatively short period of time (~15-30 days), have been successfully used to improve RE in trained ...
Obdržálek Stěpán - - 2013
We present an automated coaching system for elderly population living in assisted homes. The system guides its users through a sequence of exercises and tests. Each exercise is demonstrated by a pre-recorded video of a coach, checked for correct execution and qualitatively evaluated. Automatic coaching advices are generated in order ...
Jeong In Cheol - - 2013
Continuous blood pressure (BP) monitoring during exercise is necessary to ensure exercise safety, particularly in seniors and individuals with cardiovascular conditions. Pulse transit time (PTT) has been suggested for non-invasive BP monitoring however its implementation into clinical practice was hampered by lack of non-expensive practical solutions. The goal of this ...
Okoro Tosan - - 2013
There is evidence of prolonged poor function in patients following total hip replacement (THR). Studies of progressive resistance training (PRT) interventions to improve function are often compared to 'standard' practice which is not well defined. This study aimed to investigate 'standard' rehabilitation care in the UK after total hip replacement ...
Jeong In Cheol - - 2013
Continuous blood pressure (BP) monitoring during exercise is an important means to ensure exercise safety, particularly in seniors and individuals with various comorbidities. Use of automated BP monitors is limited during exercise. Pulse transit time (PTT) has been suggested for non-invasive BP monitoring however its implementation into clinical practice was ...
Sarafian Delphine - - 2013
Limitations of current methods: The assessment of human variability in various compartments of daily energy expenditure (EE) under standardized conditions is well defined at rest [as basal metabolic rate (BMR) and thermic effect of feeding (TEF)], and currently under validation for assessing the energy cost of low-intensity dynamic work. However, ...
Anthony Kevin - - 2013
Introduction. Frail older people are often unable to undertake high-intensity exercise programmes. Chair-based exercises (CBEs) are used as an alternative, for which health benefits are uncertain. Objective. To examine the effects of CBE programmes for frail older people through a systematic review of existing literature. Method. A systematic search was ...
Elgendi Mohamed - - 2013
Photoplethysmogram (PPG) monitoring is not only essential for critically ill patients in hospitals or at home, but also for those undergoing exercise testing. However, processing PPG signals measured after exercise is challenging, especially if the environment is hot and humid. In this paper, we propose a novel algorithm that can ...
Yildiz Abdulkadir A Department of Cardiology, Turkiye Yuksek Ihtisas Hospital, Ankara, Turkey. - - 2013
Ultrasonic tissue characterization (UTC) has been widely used to investigate left ventricular (LV) dysfunction in various cardiac disorders. The aim of this study was to investigate the correlation between functional capacity and UTC in patients with idiopathic dilated cardiomyopathy (IDCM). Treadmill test according to modified-Bruce protocol was performed in 48 ...
Magalhaes Fabrício A FA Department of Electrical, Electronic and Information Engineering, University of Bologna , Bologna, - - 2013
Tracking of markers placed on anatomical landmarks is a common practice in sports science to perform the kinematic analysis that interests both athletes and coaches. Although different software programs have been developed to automatically track markers and/or features, none of them was specifically designed to analyze underwater motion. Hence, this ...
Dabrowski Katie M KM Division of Social and Behavioral Sciences - - 2013
We developed a hands-on laboratory exercise for undergraduate students in which they can build and manipulate a neuron equivalent circuit. This exercise uses electrical circuit components that resemble neuron components and are easy to construct. We describe the methods for creating the equivalent circuit and how to observe different neuron ...
Ladapo Joseph A JA Department of Population Health, New York University School of Medicine, New York, - - 2013
Exercise testing with echocardiography or myocardial perfusion imaging is widely used to risk-stratify patients with suspected coronary artery disease. However, reports of diagnostic performance rarely adjust for referral bias, and this practice may adversely influence patient care. Therefore, we evaluated the potential impact of referral bias on diagnostic effectiveness and ...
Banks L L Biomedical Scientist, Royal Navy. - - 2013
This article outlines the personal experiences of a biomedical scientist who recently deployed as a member of the Role 2 Afloat team on Exercise INTREPID DEFENDER. The laboratory support for the different departments is described and the provision of blood products available to Role 2 Afloat is outlined.
Mulero-Portela Ana L AL Physical Therapy Program, School of Health Professions, Medical Sciences Campus, University of Puerto Rico, San Juan, Puerto Rico. - - 2013
The Theory of Planned Behavior (TPB) serves to understand determinants that predict the intention to exercise. According to this theory, attitudes, subjective norms, and perceptions of behavioral control determine intention. This is the first theory-based tool designed to measure the determinants of exercise among women in Puerto Rico who are ...
Nauck Tanja - - 2012
BACKGROUND: Currently, there is no generally agreed measure available to quantify a subject's perceived severity of exercise-induced leg pain symptoms. The aim of this study was to develop and validate a questionnaire that measures the severity of symptoms that impact on function and sports ability in patients with exercise-induced leg ...
Rosdahl Hans - - 2012
This study evaluated the Moxus metabolic system with the Douglas bag method (DBM) as criterion. Reliability and validity were investigated in a wide range of ventilation and oxygen uptake and two sensors for determining ventilation were included. Thirteen well-trained athletes participated in one pre-test and four tests for data collection, ...
Chan Cliffton - - 2012
BACKGROUND: Musculoskeletal problems are common in professional orchestral musicians, and little is known about effective prevention strategies. Exercise is suggested to help in reducing work-related upper limb disorders and accordingly a trial of a specific exercise programme for this population was planned. Formative and process evaluation procedures were undertaken during ...
Horner Fleur Elizabeth - - 2012
BACKGROUND: Accelerometers are commonly used to quantify physical activity. There is no accordance regarding the most suitable attachment site. This study assessed the reliability and validity of accelerometer output (PAC) from two placements. METHODS: 26 females (age 20.4 ± 1.3 years, body mass 62.7 ± 6.8 kg) twice performed a ...
Gidaro Stefano - - 2012
Objective To introduce a new telesurgical concept and system, we describe the TELELAP Alf-X system and report the results of the preliminary laboratory experiments on dry lab skill exercises. Methods The TELELAP Alf-X system offers a novel approach to remotely operated 3-dimension endoscopy by adding haptic sensation, an eye-tracking system ...
Maltby John - - 2012
Many accounts of social influences on exercise participation describe how people compare their behaviors to those of others. We develop and test a novel hypothesis, the exercise rank hypothesis, of how this comparison can occur. The exercise rank hypothesis, derived from evolutionary theory and the decision by sampling model of ...
Abel Jean LeBeau JL Department of Biochemistry and Molecular Genetics, University of Virginia School of Medicine, Charlottesville, VA 22908, United - - 2013
Physical exercise is associated with positive neural functioning. Here we examined the gene expression consequences of 1 week of voluntary wheel running in adolescent male mice. We assayed expression levels of genes associated with synaptic plasticity, signaling pathways, and epigenetic modifying enzymes. Two regions were examined: the hippocampus, which is ...
House James R - - 2012
Cooling vests (CV) are often used to reduce heat strain. CVs have traditionally used ice as the coolant, although other phase-change materials (PCM) that melt at warmer temperatures have been used in an attempt to enhance cooling by avoiding vasoconstriction, which supposedly occurs when ice CVs are used. This study ...
de Souto Barreto P - - 2012
OBJECTIVES: To investigate repeatability, and construct and convergent validity of the Questionnaire d'Activité Physique pour les Personnes Âgées (QAPPA), a self-reported physical activity questionnaire for the elderly. STUDY DESIGN: Cross-sectional and prospective (1-year follow-up) data from two postal surveys among members of the medical insurance scheme of the French national ...
Walsh Jennifer R - - 2012
To develop and test the validity of the Behavior, Environment, and Changeability Survey (BECS) for identifying the importance and changeability of nutrition, exercise, and stress management behavior and related aspects of the environment. A cross-sectional, online survey of the BECS and selected validated instruments. Ten state universities. A convenience sample ...
Aznar A S - - 2012
The ITINERIS scale on the rights of persons with intellectual disabilities (ISRPID) was developed to measure the extent to which people with intellectual disabilities (ID) exercise their rights. The ISRPID was produced through a virtual Delphi group with 37 professionals and relatives of people with ID from four continents and ...
Clark Ida E - - 2012
ABSTRACT: The cycling 3-min all-out exercise test (3 MT) provides measures of critical power (CP) and the curvature constant (W') for the relationship between power and time limit to exhaustion in the severe exercise domain. The original procedures for the 3 MT required a preliminary graded exercise test (GXT) to ...
Egan Claire - - 2012
The central purpose of pulmonary rehabilitation is to reduce morbidity by improving functional capacity through exercise. It is still unknown if improvements in functional capacity are maintained in the long-term and if this leads to increased physical activity levels as measured by a free-living activity monitor. The hypothesis of this ...
Bryan Angela D - - 2012
PURPOSE: Individuals who exercise are at lower risk for breast cancer and have better post-diagnosis outcomes. The biological mechanisms behind this association are unclear, but DNA methylation has been suggested. METHODS: We developed a composite measure of DNA methylation across 45 CpG sites on genes selected a priori. We examined ...
Kothari M - - 2012
Medical practice is in crisis - the sophistications are enormous and expensive, and the outcomes leave much to be desired. An epistemologic evaluation that weighs the scope and limitations of any -pathy or any procedure seems to be the need of the day. As an example, described herein is the ...
Paltamaa Jaana J JAMK University of Applied Sciences, School of Health and Social Studies, Jyväskylä, Finland. - - 2012
To determine the effects of physiotherapy interventions on balance in people with multiple sclerosis. A systematic literature search was conducted in Medline, Cinahl, Embase, PEDro, both electronically and by manual search up to March 2011. Randomized controlled trials of physiotherapy interventions in people with multiple sclerosis, with an outcome measure ...
Makris G C - - 2012
OBJECTIVES: The effectiveness of supervised exercise programs (SEPs) for the management of peripheral arterial disease (PAD) can be hampered by low accessibility and poor compliance. The current international availability and use of SEPs was evaluated and the evidence on alternative approaches such as structured, home-based exercise programs (HEPs) was reviewed. ...
Teulier Marion - - 2012
Human tidal breathing features mathematical complexity and breath-by-breath variability. Fluctuations in these descriptors from one state to another are related to the load imposed on the respiratory system. We hypothetized that bronchodilators would increase ventilatory complexity and variability in patients suffering from chronic obstructive pulmonary disease (COPD). Eleven patients with ...
Chalmers Heather J - - 2012
Recurrent laryngeal neuropathy (RLN) is the most common cause of laryngeal hemiplegia in horses and causes neurogenic atrophy of the intrinsic laryngeal muscles, including the cricoarytenoideus lateralis muscle. Recurrent laryngeal neuropathy results in paresis to paralysis of the vocal fold and arytenoid cartilage, which limits performance through respiratory compromise. Ultrasound ...
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