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Sin Minki - - 2013
Although it has been reported that strengthening exercise in stroke patients is beneficial for their motor recovery, there is little evidence about which exercise method is the better option. The purpose of this study was to compare isotonic and isokinetic exercise by surface electromyography (EMG) analysis using standardized methods. Nine ...
Shih Ching-Tien - - 2013
The latest researchers have employed software technology to turn gyration air mice into a high performance limb detector to detect specific limb movement, and to further collaborate using the preferred environmental stimulation to help people with disabilities to suppress unwanted behaviors or habits and to reward good behaviors. This study ...
Ali Ajmol - - 2013
Abstract The aim of this study was to include self-paced exercise within a modified Loughborough Intermittent Shuttle Test (LIST-P) in order to quantify key performance variables not possible with prescribed workloads. Sixteen male games players performed two trials of the LIST-P, at least 7 days apart. The LIST-P incorporates 4 × 15-min ...
Jarc Anthony M - - 2013
As more surgeons choose to complete procedures robotically, validated training tools are needed so that they can acquire and maintain the technical skills required to proficiently use robotic systems. The purpose of this study was to show construct validity of nine new inanimate training exercises for robot-assisted surgery. The inanimate ...
Paes Sabrina Mazzer - - 2013
To investigate the immediate effects of the Finnish resonance tube method for teachers with behavioral dysphonia. Twenty-five female teachers (m=39.9 years of age) with at least a 5-year history of dysphonia were included. Additional inclusion criteria were the diagnosis of chronic behavioral dysphonia with an indication for speech therapy and ...
Zanetti Sara - - 2013
Portable wearable devices that assess energy expenditure during intermittent exercise and recovery would be useful in team sports. Fourteen state-level male rugby union players (22 ±4 y, 88.8 ±11.2 kg; 1.81 ±0.07 m, 18 ±6% body fat; mean ± SD) participated in this study. Energy expenditure was measured by the ...
McGill Stuart - - 2013
Labile surfaces in the form of suspension straps are increasingly being utilized as a tool in resistance training programs. Pushing is a common functional activity of daily living and inherently part of a well-rounded training program. This study examined pushing exercises performed on stable surfaces and unstable suspension straps, specifically ...
Wang Hao-Yan - - 2013
The Borg scale is most commonly used to measure dyspnea in China. However, many patients that find it is difficult to distinguish the labeled numbers corresponding to different dyspnea scores. We developed a new method to rate dyspnea, which we call the count scale (CS). It includes the count scale ...
Sprager Sebastijan - - 2013
This paper deals with an optimized multimethod heartbeat detection by using maximum a posteriori probability (MAP). The approach was derived for unobtrusive fiber-optic measurements of cardiac activity. Multiple independent detection methods were selected and characterized by their delays and variability referring to cardiac electrical excitation (R waves). Validation of the ...
Pfau Thilo - - 2013
Pelvic movement is altered in hind limb lame horses. A simple method using one inertial measurement unit (IMU) attached to the sacrum, which objectively measures 'hip hike', will help detecting hind limb lameness in large scale studies. In this study, IMUs over the sacrum and the left and right tuber ...
Heyde Christian - - 2013
The aim of this study was to provide a rationale for future validations of "a priori" calibrated Respiratory Inductance Plethysmography (RIP) when used under exercise conditions. Therefore, validity of "a posteriori" adjusted gain factors and accuracy in resultant breath-by-breath RIP data recorded under resting and running conditions were examined. 98 ...
Mooses Martin - - 2013
The aim of the present study was to compare running economy between competitive and recreational level athletes at their individual ventilatory thresholds on track and to compare body composition parameters that are related to the individual running economy measured on track. We performed a cross-sectional analysis of a total 45 ...
Maganis Jonathan C - - 2013
ECG ST-segment deviations have been the standard measure of coronary artery disease (CAD) during the exercise stress test (EST). Our past research has shown other ECG variables to be significant in EST. This study evaluates the benefit of routinely combining these variables in the detection of CAD. Sequential patients (n=439) ...
Bieuzen François F Laboratory of Sport, Expertise and Performance, French Institute of Sport, Expertise and Performance (INSEP), 11 ave. du Tremblay, 75012 Paris, - - 2014
The objective of this study was to test how low-frequency electrical stimulation (LFES; Veinoplus Sport (AdRem Technology, Paris, France)) of the calf muscles affects recovery indices compared with 2 other commonly used recovery methods (active, ACT; passive, PAS). The tests used assessed predominantly anaerobic performance after short-term (15 min) recovery, ...
Borreani Sebastien - - 2013
Ankle sprains are a common sports injury. The literature focuses on the application of neuromuscular training for the improvement of balance, injury prevention and rehabilitation. However, there is a dearth of knowledge about the appropriate prescription of exercises using unstable platforms and surfaces. The purpose of this study was to ...
Maksymowych Walter P - - 2013
Objective. To develop and validate a reference image module aimed at calibration of readers using the modified Stoke Ankylosing Spondylitis Spine Score to assess radiographic progression in spondyloarthritis. Methods. Our working group comprised 6 rheumatologists and 3 musculoskeletal radiologists.. The following developmental steps were conducted: 1. Review of the literature ...
Regterschot G Ruben H - - 2013
Increasing leg strength, leg power and overall balance can improve mobility and reduce fall risk. Sensor-based assessment of peak power during the sit-to-stand (STS) transfer may be useful for detecting changes in mobility and fall risk. Therefore, this study investigated whether sensor-based STS peak power and related measures are sensitive ...
Alberton C L - - 2013
Aim: The aim of this study was to compare the cardiorespiratory variables corresponding to the anaerobic threshold (AT) between different water-based exercises using two methods of determining the AT, the heart rate deflection point and ventilatory method, and to correlate the variables in both methods. Methods: Twenty young women performed ...
Smith Catherine M - - 2013
This study describes the experiences of four groups of healthcare providers who facilitate exercise interventions for people with multiple sclerosis (MS)-related fatigue. Fatigue is a complex symptom frequently experienced by people with MS, yet it is poorly understood by clinicians and clinical researchers. Historically, clinicians have recommended less physical activity ...
Aitchison Callum C School of Life Sciences, Northumbria University, Newcastle-upon-Tyne, - - 2013
This study examined the effect of low- and high-intensity running on cognitive thoughts (an individual's "inner dialogue") and its relationship to ratings of perceived exertion (RPE). Cognitive thoughts and RPE of eight runners were collected during a 40-min. treadmill run at either a low (50% peak running speed) or a ...
Opar David A - - 2013
Reliability and case-control injury study. 1) To determine if a novel device, designed to measure eccentric knee flexors strength via the Nordic hamstring exercise (NHE), displays acceptable test-retest reliability; 2) to determine normative values for eccentric knee flexors strength derived from the device in individuals without a history of hamstring ...
Mason Barry - - 2013
Abstract The purpose of the study was to determine which laboratory-based modality provides the most valid physiological and biomechanical representation of over-ground sports wheelchair propulsion. Fifteen able-bodied participants with previous experience of wheelchair propulsion performed a 3-minute exercise trial at three speeds (4, 6 and 8 km ∙ h(-1)) in ...
Los Arcos A - - 2013
The aim of this study was to examine the intra (intraclass coefficient correlation, ICC) and inter-subject variability (coefficient of variation, CV) of soccer ball drills (BD) involving or not opposition in male youth soccer. For this purpose a collective ball dribbling (DB) exercise and a 7-a-side ball game without coach ...
Dailey René M - - 2013
Although research shows family members can influence each other's diet and exercise behaviors, the specific strategies that most effectively motivate individuals to enact healthy behaviors have not been revealed. Toward this goal, this study employed confirmation theory to assess how the quality of weight management (WM) communication between 107 mother-teen ...
Hoffman Martin D - - 2013
Little is known about exercise habits of those who compete in foot races longer than the standard 42-km marathon distance. The purpose of this work was to describe the past-year and lifetime exercise patterns of a large cohort of ultramarathon runners. Information on exercise history was collected on 1,345 current ...
Yabuki Takumi - - 2013
Optical motion capture systems, which are used in broad fields of research, are costly; they need large installation space and calibrations. We find difficulty in applying it in typical homes and care centers. Therefore we propose to use low cost contact force measurement systems to develop rehabilitation and healthcare monitoring ...
Chan Alexander M - - 2013
Unobtrusive continuous monitoring of important vital signs and activity metrics has the potential to provide remote health monitoring, at-home screening, and rapid notification of critical events such as heart attacks, falls, or respiratory distress. This paper contains validation results of a wireless Bluetooth Low Energy (BLE) patch sensor consisting of ...
Jeong In Cheol - - 2013
Blood pressure (BP) monitoring is required to ensure safety of home-based exercise in seniors. Pulse transit time (PTT) defined as the time it takes a pulse wave to travel between two arterial sites is considered to be inversely proportional to BP. Different approaches have been described to calculate PTT using ...
Birkemose M - - 2013
In order to maintain a homeostatic environment in human cells, the balance between absorption and separation of water must be retained. Imbalance will have consequences on both the cellular and organ levels. Studies performed on athletes have shown coherence between their hydration status and ability to perform. A dehydration of ...
Choi Changmok - - 2013
The obesity has grown to concerning proportions in recent years, and it causes heart disease, type 2 diabetes, breast cancer, and colon cancer. To get healthy weight, commercial wearable devices with a accelerometer have been released to help users to quantitatively manage calories. However, an accelerometer has disadvantages: large power ...
Greystoke A - - 2013
There is increasing use of circulating cell death biomarkers in patients and clinical trials. Knowledge of the potential noise and confounders in assays are vital for biomarker interpretation. The daily and diurnal variability and effect of menstruation and exercise on nucleosomal DNA (nDNA), total cytokeratin 18 (tK18) and apoptotic specific ...
Christensen Pernille M - - 2013
Exercise-induced laryngeal obstructions (EILOs) cause exercise-related respiratory symptoms (ERRS) and are important differential diagnoses to exercise-induced asthma. The diagnostic method for EILOs includes provocation to induce the obstruction followed by a verification of the obstruction and the degree thereof. The objective of the present study was to examine if a ...
Linthorne Nicholas P - - 2013
This study investigated the effect of the coefficient of friction of a running surface on an athlete's sprint time in a sled-towing exercise. The coefficients of friction of four common sports surfaces (a synthetic athletics track, a natural grass rugby pitch, a 3G football pitch, and an artificial grass hockey ...
Saynor Zoe L - - 2013
BACKGROUND: The reproducibility of cardiopulmonary exercise testing (CPET) has not been established in young cystic fibrosis (CF) patients using a valid protocol. METHODS: Thirteen 7-18year olds completed three CPETs, separated by 48h and 4-6weeks. CPET involved a ramp-incremental cycling test with supramaximal verification. RESULTS: Maximal oxygen uptake was repeatedly determined ...
Diamandis Eleftherios P - - 2013
Abstract Winning a Nobel Prize is a great personal achievement. Some Nobel laureates may consider that their award is a certificate of competence in any field. This may prompt them to undertake projects or accept positions which are beyond their capabilities. Since Nobels are awarded when the laureates have usually ...
Kilduff Liam P - - 2013
Sports Scientists and Strength & Conditioning professionals spend the majority of the competition season trying to ensure that their athletes training and recovery strategies are appropriate to ensure optimal performance on competition day. However, there is an additional window on the day of competition where performance can be acutely enhanced ...
Nishigaki Yukiko - - 2013
BACKGROUND: Respiratory rehabilitation reduces breathlessness from patient with respiratory dysfunction. Chest expansion score, which represents the circumference magnitude of the thoracic cage, is used for a target when treating patients with respiratory disease. However, it is often difficult for patients to understand the changes in the respiratory status and be ...
Guzman Marco - - 2013
OBJECTIVE: The present study aimed to investigate the vocal tract and glottal function during and after phonation into a tube and a stirring straw. METHODS: A male classically trained singer was assessed. Computerized tomography (CT) was performed when the subject produced [a:] at comfortable speaking pitch, phonated into the resonance ...
Chiementin X - - 2013
The aim of this study was to test the validity and the reliability of the G-Cog which is a new BMX powermeter allowing for the measurements of the acceleration on X-Y-Z axis (250 Hz) at the BMX rear wheel. These measurements allow computing lateral, angular, linear acceleration, angular, linear velocity ...
Lucas G - - 2013
Since 2000, Quality Assurance (QA) exercises for the detection and identification of granulocyte antibodies and DNA typing for human neutrophil antigens (HNA) have been distributed within the International Granulocyte Immunobiology Workshops, which are linked to International Society of Blood Transfusion. The exercises were standardised at the outset to enable laboratory ...
Eardley Ian - - 2013
BACKGROUND: The Intercollegiate Surgical Curriculum Programme was launched in the United Kingdom in 2007. At its heart was the reliance upon clear, defined curricula, competence-based training and the use of workplace-based assessments to assess the competence. The principle assessments used were Case-based Discussion, Procedure-based Assessments (PBA), Direct Observation of Procedural ...
Marinangeli Christopher Pf - - 2013
Dual X-ray absorptiometry (DXA) has a range of clinical applications, from assessing associations between adipose or lean body mass and the risk of disease to measuring the effects of dietary interventions on adipose deposition and oxidation and/or muscle accumulation. Many lifestyle-related studies, however, are short- to medium-term interventions, and inter- ...
de Oliveira Vinicius Machado VM Laboratory of Biomechanics and Ergonomics - UNICENTRO, Guarapuava, PR, - - 2013
: To investigate the slope influence on the maximal subtalar pronation in submaximal running speeds. : Sixteen endurance runners participated of a running economy (RE) test in a treadmill with different slopes (+1%, +5%, +10%, +15%). For each slope a 4-minute run was performed with no rest break for the ...
Hyngstrom Allison S - - 2013
Introduction: We quantified sub-maximal torque regulation during low to moderate intensity isometric hip flexion contractions in individuals with stroke and the associations with leg function. Methods: 10 participants with chronic stroke and 10 controls performed isometric hip flexion contractions at 5%, 10%, 15%, 20%, and 40% of maximal voluntary contraction ...
Mann Theresa - - 2013
Exercise prescribed according to relative intensity is a routine feature in the exercise science literature and is intended to produce an approximately equivalent exercise stress in individuals with different absolute exercise capacities. The traditional approach has been to prescribe exercise intensity as a percentage of maximal oxygen uptake (VO2max) or ...
Xie Hongyu - - 2013
Enriched environments (EE) have been used for a long time to promote recovery in many neurological disorders, however, a growing body of inconsistent results strongly calls for a rigorous standardization of experimental EE paradigms. Although some core principles are well accepted as standards, a method to quantitatively assess the complexity ...
Rowlands David S - - 2013
OBJECTIVES: To determine the effect size of wearing sports garments treated with microscopic titanium particles (AQUA TITAN) during recovery from strenuous running on the restoration of running economy during subsequent exercise. DESIGN: A double-blind crossover was used to determine the effect of AQUA TITAN on running metabolic cost in 10 ...
Maranhao Neto Geraldo A - - 2013
The physical activity readiness questionnaire (PAR-Q) has been the most popular simple method of screening for people who intend to engage in exercise programs. Despite of the recommendations indicating that the instrument should be applied in the age range from 15 to 69 years, the questionnaire has been widely used ...
Ishikawa-Takata Kazuko - - 2013
The present study compared the accuracy of triaxial accelerometry and the doubly labelled water (DLW) method for measuring physical activity (PA) in Japanese adolescents. A total of sixty adolescents aged 12-15 years were analysed. The total energy expenditure (TEE) was measured over 7 d by the DLW method and with an ...
Nooijen Carla F J CF Department of Rehabilitation Medicine and Physical Therapy, Erasmus MC, 3000CA Rotterdam, The Netherlands. - - 2013
To assess the reliability and validity of the Dutch version of the exercise self-efficacy scale (ESES) in persons with spinal cord injury. This is the first independent study of ESES psychometric properties, and the first report on ESES test-retest reliability. A total of 53 Dutch persons with spinal cord injury. ...
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