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Ruddock Alan D AD Academy of Sport and Physical Activity, Faculty of Health and Wellbeing, Sheffield Hallam University, Sheffield, United - - 2014
Ruddock, AD, Tew, GA, and Purvis, AJ. Reliability of intestinal temperature using an ingestible telemetry pill system during exercise in a hot environment. J Strength Cond Res 28(3): 861-869, 2014-Ingestible telemetry pill systems are being increasingly used to assess the intestinal temperature during exercise in hot environments. The purpose of ...
Morris Lisa W - - 2014
Every Second counts once gunshots are heard in the workplace environment. Close the office door, turn out the lights and turn the mobile phone to 'silent' is the standard mantra for what is expected in the response efforts; however, is that enough? In a perfect world, this sermon may fall ...
Price Oliver J OJ Faculty of Health and Life Sciences, Northumbria University, Newcastle, - - 2014
Exercise-induced bronchoconstriction (EIB) describes the post exercise phenomenon of acute airway narrowing in association with physical activity. A high prevalence of EIB is reported in both athletic and recreationally active populations. Without treatment, EIB has the potential to impact upon both health and performance. It is now acknowledged that clinical ...
Kuni Benita B Sports Medicine Department at the Olympic Training Centre Rhine-Neckar, Heidelberg Institute of Sports and Sports Science, University of - - 2014
The risk of sustaining injuries increases with fatigue. The aim of this study was to analyze the influence of fatigue on dynamic postural control in jump landing and stabilization in athletes of different levels.In all, 18 high-performance ball sports athletes and 24 recreationally active subjects performed a jump test before ...
Kayihan Gürhan G Physical Fitness Department, Personal Nutrition Training Center, Ankara, Turkey, - - 2014
The purpose of this study was to compare values of aerobic performance in the 1-mile run test (1-MRT) using different formulae. Aerobic capacities of 351 male volunteers working for the Turkish National Police within the age range of 20-23 years were evaluated by the 1-MRT and the 20-metre shuttle run ...
Freeston Jonathan J 1The University of - - 2014
Throwing carries an inherent risk of injury that worsens in the presence of arm fatigue. The purpose of this study was to identify markers that could facilitate the early detection of this type of fatigue, by comparing the response to bouts of throwing specific and running based exercise. Thirteen elite ...
Williams Gavin G From the Epworth Hospital, Melbourne, Australia (GW, MK); The University of Melbourne, Melbourne, Australia (GW); La Trobe University, Melbourne, Australia (GW); and Northern Health, Melbourne, Australia - - 2014
The aim of this systematic review was to investigate the task specificity of strength training programs for walking in neurologic rehabilitation. Nine electronic databases were searched from conception to October 2012 for randomized controlled trials that used strength training to improve walking in adult neurologic populations. The search identified 25 ...
Crespillo M M Mixture Commission of the GHEP-ISFG (The Spanish and Portuguese Speaking Working Group of the International Society for Forensic Genetics), Spain; INTCF - National Institute of Toxicology and Forensic Science, Department of Barcelona, Spain. Electronic address: - - 2014
One of the main objectives of the Spanish and Portuguese-Speaking Group of the International Society for Forensic Genetics (GHEP-ISFG) is to promote and contribute to the development and dissemination of scientific knowledge in the area of forensic genetics. Due to this fact, GHEP-ISFG holds different working commissions that are set ...
Weiler John M JM Department of Internal Medicine, University of Iowa, Iowa City, Iowa. Electronic address: - - 2014
This article summarizes the findings of an expert panel of nationally recognized allergists and pulmonologists who met to discuss how to improve detection and diagnosis of exercise-induced bronchoconstriction (EIB), a transient airway narrowing that occurs during and most often after exercise in people with and without underlying asthma. EIB is ...
Janik M M National Institute of Radiological Sciences, 4-9-1 Anagawa, Inage, 263-8555 Chiba, - - 2014
Inhalation of radon ((222)Rn) and its short-lived decay products and of products of the thoron ((220)Rn) series accounts for more than half of the effective dose from natural radiation sources. At this time, many countries have begun large-scale radon and thoron surveys and many different measurement methods and instruments are ...
Maverakis Emanual E Department of Dermatology, University of California, Davis, Sacramento, CA 95817, USA; Department of Dermatology, Veterans Affairs Northern California Health Care System, Sacramento, CA 95655, USA. Electronic address: - - 2014
Vasoconstriction accompanied by changes in skin color is a normal physiologic response to cold. The distinction between this normal physiology and Raynaud's phenomenon (RP) has yet to be well characterized. In anticipation of the 9th International Congress on Autoimmunity, a panel of 12 RP experts from 9 different institutes and ...
Lawless Christine E CE University of Chicago and Sports Cardiology Consultants LLC, Chicago, IL; Bryan Heart-University of Nebraska, Lincoln, NE. Electronic address: - - 2014
In recent years, athletic participation has more than doubled in all major demographic groups; while simultaneously, children and adults with established heart disease desire participation in sports and exercise. Despite conferring favorable long-term effects on well-being and survival, exercise can acutely be associated with risk of adverse events, and the ...
Beltrami Fernando G FG UCT/MRC Research Unit for Exercise Science and Sports Medicine, Department of Human Biology, University of Cape Town and Sports Science Institute of South Africa, Boundary Road, Newlands, 7700, South Africa, - - 2014
We investigated the accuracy of the Moxus Modular Metabolic System (MOXUS) against the Douglas Bag Method (DBM) during high-intensity exercise, and whether the two methods agreed when detecting small changes in [Formula: see text] between two consecutive workloads ([Formula: see text]). Twelve trained male runners performed two maximal incremental running ...
Rakow Tim T Department of Psychology, University of Essex, Colchester CO4 3SQ, United Kingdom. timrakow@essex.ac.uk - - 2014
Self-insight assessment compares outcomes from two model-recovery exercises: a statistical exercise to infer a judge's (implicit) policy and an elicitation exercise whereby the judge describes his or her (explicit) policy. When these policies are mismatched, limited self-insight is not necessarily implied: Shortcomings in either exercise could be implicated, whereby Newell ...
Dejonckere Philippe H PH KULeuven University of Leuven, Neurosciences, Belgium; Federal Institute of Occupational Diseases , Av. de l'Astronomie, 1, B-1210 Brussels , - - 2014
This article presents a novel application of the 'single line scanning' of the vocal fold vibrations (kymography) in singing pedagogy, particularly in a specific technical voice exercise: the 'messa di voce'. It aims at giving the singer relevant and valid short-term feedback. A user-friendly automatic analysis program makes possible a ...
Arnold Cathy C School of Physical Therapy, University of Saskatchewan, Saskatoon, SK, - - 2014
This study compared sit to stand (STS) performance between older adults in a 9-week training program focusing on core stability exercises to enhance balance and postural control (EB) versus standard balance (SB) exercises. Repetitions in 30 seconds (STSreps) and kinematic performance (vertical and horizontal momentum, and margin of stability) were ...
Singh Tarkeshwar T Department of Kinesiology, Pennsylvania State University, University Park, - - 2014
The effects of muscle fatigue on the stability of precision grasps are not well known. The purpose of the current study was to investigate the effects of exercise-induced fatigue of a digit on prehension synergies in a static precision grasp. One group of participants performed the fatiguing exercise using the ...
Fernandes Alex de Andrade AD Department of Physical Education, Human Performance Laboratory, Federal University of Viçosa, Viçosa, Brazil. Federal Institute for Education, Sciences and Technology of Minas Gerais, Bambuí, - - 2014
Measuring skin temperature (TSK) provides important information about the complex thermal control system and could be interesting when carrying out studies about thermoregulation. The most common method to record TSK involves thermocouples at specific locations; however, the use of infrared thermal imaging (IRT) has increased. The two methods use different physical ...
Barnes K R KR Sports Performance Research Institute New Zealand, AUT University, New Zealand. Electronic address: - - 2014
A bout of resistance exercise can enhance subsequent high-intensity performance, but little is known about such priming exercise for endurance performance. To determine the effects of "strides" with a weighted-vest during a warm-up on endurance performance and its potential neuromuscular and metabolic mediators. A crossover with 5-7 days between an ...
Yamamoto Ikuo - - 2014
Compact rehabilitation robot system which can support movement of the wrist of patients has been developed. The robot system can detect and analyze the patient's intention to move the wrist by such a biological signal as muscle potential, then, assist the wrist exercise of patients. Also, both-wrist rehabilitation robot system ...
Hatamoto Yoichi Y Graduate School of Sports and Health Science, Fukuoka University, Fukuoka, - - 2014
Ball game players frequently perform changes of direction (CODs) while running; however, there has been little research on the physiological impact of CODs. In particular, the effect of running velocity on the physiological and energy demands of CODs while running has not been clearly determined. The purpose of this study ...
Chen Sheng S School of Civil Engineering and Environmental Science, University of Oklahoma, Norman, Oklahoma, United States of America; Advanced Radar Research Center, National Weather Center, Norman, Oklahoma, United States of - - 2014
Satellite-based precipitation estimates products, CMORPH and PERSIANN-CCS, were evaluated with a dense rain gauge network over Beijing and adjacent regions for an extremely heavy precipitation event on July 21 2012. CMORPH and PEERSIANN-CSS misplaced the region of greatest rainfall accumulation, and failed to capture the spatial pattern of precipitation, evidenced ...
Ashizawa Eiichi E Chiba Prefectural Institute of Public - - 2014
Objectives The aim of this study was to clarify the relationship between standard lifestyle questionnaires and the development of metabolic syndrome (MetS).Methods We analyzed the data on 278,989 people (111,524 males and 167,465 females) living in Chiba Prefecture who underwent consecutive medical check-ups in 2008 and 2009. The standard lifestyle questionnaire administered ...
Bollen Jessica C JC PenCLAHRC, University of Exeter Medical School, Exeter, - - 2014
Adherence is an important factor contributing to the effectiveness of exercise-based rehabilitation. However, there appears to be a lack of reliable, validated measures to assess self-reported adherence to prescribed but unsupervised home-based rehabilitation exercises. A systematic review was conducted to establish what measures were available and to evaluate their psychometric ...
Ahmed Rafiq R Dr. Rafiq Ahmed, BSPT, PG student of PP-DPT, Riphah College of Rehabilitation Sciences, Riphah International University, Islamabad, - - 2014
To Compare the Specific Lumber Mobilization (SLM) techniques and Core-Stability (CS) Exercises with Core-Stability Exercises Alone in Mechanical low back pain (MLP) Methods: A 6 month pretest-posttest design, quasi experimental study was conducted at department of physiotherapy Khyber Teaching Hospital (KTH) Peshawar, Pakistan. We conveniently selected a sample 40 patients ...
Baker Lindsay B LB Gatorade Sports Science Institute, Barrington, Illinois, - - 2014
Abstract This study compared a field versus reference laboratory technique for extracting (syringe vs. centrifuge) and analyzing sweat [Na(+)] and [K(+)] (compact Horiba B-722 and B-731, HORIBA vs. ion chromatography, HPLC) collected with regional absorbent patches during exercise in a hot-humid environment. Sweat samples were collected from seven anatomical sites ...
Lawton Trent W TW a Sports Performance Research Institute New Zealand , AUT University , Auckland , New - - 2013
Abstract The purpose of this project was to evaluate the utility of low- and high-repetition maximum (RM) strength tests used to assess rowers. Twenty elite heavyweight males (age 23.7 ± 4.0 years) performed four tests (5 RM, 30 RM, 60 RM and 120 RM) using leg press and seated arm pulling exercise ...
Haladay Douglas E DE School of Physical Therapy and Rehabilitation Sciences, University of South Florida Department of Kinesiology, The Pennsylvania State University Department of Kinesiology, The University of - - 2013
Low back pain (LBP) is one of the most prevalent and expensive health care problems in the United States. Studies suggest that stabilization exercise may be effective in the management of people with LBP. In order to accurately assess the effect of stabilization programs on muscle performance, clinicians need an ...
Goyaram Veeraj - - 2013
Exercise-induced increase in skeletal muscle GLUT4 expression is associated with hyper-acetylation of histone H3 within a 350bp DNA region surrounding the MEF2 element on the Glut4 promoter and increased binding of MEF2A. Previous studies have hypothesized that the increase in MEF2A binding is a result of improved accessibility of this ...
San Millán Rosario María - - 2013
Polymerase Chain Reaction (PCR) and Restriction Fragment Length Polymorphism of PCR products (PCR-RFLP) are extensively used molecular biology techniques. An exercise for the design and simulation of PCR and PCR-RFLP experiments will be a useful educational tool. An online PCR and PCR-RFLP exercise has been create that requires users to ...
Williams Emily L - - 2013
Athletes anticipatorily set, and continuously adjust pacing strategies prior to and during events, in order to produce optimal performance. Self-regulation ensures maximal effort is exerted in correspondence with the endpoint of exercise, whilst preventing physiological changes that are detrimental and disruptive to homeostatic control. The integration of feedforward and feedback ...
Ainsbury Elizabeth A - - 2013
Abstract Purpose: The European Union's Seventh Framework Programme funded project "Multi-disciplinary biodosimetric tools to manage high scale radiological casualties" (MULTIBIODOSE) has developed a multiparametric approach to radiation biodosimetry, with a particular emphasis on triage of large numbers of potentially exposed individuals following accidental exposures. In November 2012, an emergency exercise ...
Zemková Erika - - 2013
This review includes the latest findings based on experimental studies addressing sport-specific balance, an area of research that has grown dramatically in recent years. The main objectives of this work were to investigate the postural sway response to different forms of exercise under laboratory and sport-specific conditions, to examine how ...
Slade Susan Carolyn - - 2013
The global burden of low back pain is the highest ranked condition contributing to years of living with disability. Exercise is moderately effective and adherence to exercise may improve if participants are engaged. Identification of elements that enhance engagement would enable clinicians to prescribe appropriate interventions. The review objective was ...
Glavič-Cindro D D Jožef Stefan Institute, Jamova cesta 39, SI-1000 Ljubljana, Slovenia. Electronic address: - - 2013
A Slovenian laboratory from the Jožef Stefan Institute (JSI) and a Romanian laboratory from the National Research and Development Institute for Cryogenics and Isotopic Technologies (ICIT) performed bilateral intercomparisons of tritium determination in environmental samples. On the basis of the results, the measurement and analysis methods were compared. Comparability and ...
Quintana B B Ionising Radiation Laboratory, Department of Fundamental Physics, University of Salamanca, 37008 Salamanca, Spain. Electronic address: - - 2013
In this work, we describe a method to quantitatively evaluate true-coincidence-summing effects by making use of the Geant4 toolkit, which incorporates an emulation of the radionuclide disintegration scheme. To check the capabilities of the method, we firstly validated the simulated corrections using the ones obtained experimentally for radionuclides such as ...
Kelly Louise A - - 2013
Few studies to date have directly compared the Actigraphs GT1M and the GT3X, it would be of tremendous value to know if these accelerometers give similar information about intensities of PA. Knowing if output is similar would have implications for cross-examination of studies. The purpose of the study was to ...
Pizzari Tania T Lower Extremity & Gait Studies Research Group, Australia; Department of Physiotherapy, La Trobe University, Victoria, Australia. Electronic address: - - 2013
Scapular dyskinesis, characterised by drooping scapulae and reduced upward rotation, has been implicated in the presentation of a number of shoulder disorders. Traditionally, in shoulder rehabilitation programmes, the shrug exercise has been prescribed to facilitate upward rotation of the scapula by strengthening the upper trapezius muscle. The aim of this ...
Southern William M WM Department of Kinesiology, University of Georgia, 330 River Rd., Athens, GA 30602, - - 2014
The purpose of this study was to assess the reproducibility of resting blood flow, resting oxygen consumption, and mitochondrial capacity in skeletal muscle using near-infrared spectroscopy (NIRS). We also determined the influence of 2 exercise modalities (ergometer and rubber exercise bands) on the NIRS measurements. Fifteen young, healthy participants (5 ...
Leal-Junior Ernesto Cesar Pinto - - 2013
Recent studies have explored if phototherapy with low-level laser therapy (LLLT) or narrow-band light-emitting diode therapy (LEDT) can modulate activity-induced skeletal muscle fatigue or subsequently protect against muscle injury. We performed a systematic review with meta-analysis to investigate the effects of phototherapy applied before, during and after exercises. A literature ...
McNeill Warrick W Physioworks, 4 Mandeville Place, London W1U 2BG, UK. Electronic address: - - 2014
The presence of 'uncontrolled movement' within the human neuromusculoskeletal system can be found if the movement control system (mind) and muscular system (body) is tested for their combined ability to successfully control low threshold forces, such as those affecting posture and alignment, or, high threshold forces, such as those requiring ...
Ramos Patrick - - 2013
To evaluate robotic dry lab exercises for their face, content, construct, and concurrent validities. Also to evaluate the applicability of the Global Evaluative Assessment of Robotic Skills (GEARS) tool to assess dry lab performance. Participants were prospectively categorized into two groups: robotic novice (no cases as primary surgeon) and expert ...
Gyorkos Amy Morrison - - 2013
Glial cell-line derived neurotrophic factor (GDNF) supports and maintains the neuromuscular system during development and through adulthood by promoting neuroplasticity. The aim of this study was to determine if different modes of exercise can promote changes in GDNF expression and neuromuscular junction (NMJ) morphology in slow and fast twitch muscles. ...
Navsaria Rishi - - 2013
Tennis elbow or lateral epicondylopathy (LE) is experienced as the lateral elbow has a reported prevalence of 1.3%, with symptoms lasting up to 18 months. LE is most commonly attributed to tendinopathy involving the extensor carpi radialis brevis (ECRB) tendon. The aim of tendinopathy management is to alleviate symptoms and ...
Leddy John J - - 2013
Concussion is a physiologic brain injury that produces systemic and cognitive symptoms. The metabolic and physiologic changes of concussion result in altered autonomic function and control of cerebral blood flow. Evaluation and treatment approaches based upon the physiology of concussion may therefore add a new dimension to concussion care. In ...
Carmona Loreto L Institute for Musculoskeletal Health, Madrid, Spain. - - 2013
To test the reliability of the Berlin MRI scoring method and the effect of a calibration exercise on the score's reliability among untrained readers in MRI examinations of patients with established ankylosing spondylitis (AS). Eleven rheumatologists read blinded images of 20 AS patients before and after a two-day workshop on ...
Brudin L - - 2013
Reference values for working capacity, blood pressure, heart rate, perceived exertion, etc. during bicycle exercise tests have been sought after for many years. This is because earlier commonly used reference values for physical work capacity have been either too low or too high when compared to the clinical experience of ...
González-Ortega D - - 2013
In this paper, a 3D computer vision system for cognitive assessment and rehabilitation based on the Kinect device is presented. It is intended for individuals with body scheme dysfunctions and left-right confusion. The system processes depth information to overcome the shortcomings of a previously presented 2D vision system for the ...
Aldous Jeffrey W F - - 2013
: The current study investigated the reliability and validity of a novel non-motorised treadmill (NMT) based soccer simulation utilising a novel activity category called a 'variable run' to quantify fatigue during high-speed running. Twelve male University soccer players completed three familiarisation sessions and one peak speed assessment before completing the ...
Terslev L - - 2013
Objective: To standardize ultrasound (US) in enthesitis. Methods: An Initial Delphi exercise was undertaken to define US detected enthesitis and its core components. These definitions were subsequently tested on static images taken from Spondyloarthritis (SpA) patients in order to evaluate their reliability. Results: High-good agreement (>80%) was obtained for including ...
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