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Norheim Frode F Department of Nutrition, Faculty of Medicine, Institute of Basic Medical Sciences, University of Oslo, Oslo, - - 2014
Angiopoietin-like protein 4 (ANGPTL4) may regulate lipoprotein lipase-dependent plasma clearance of triacylglycerol from skeletal muscle during exercise. The aim of this study was to examine the importance of muscle in regulating ANGPTL4 in response to exercise. We sampled muscle biopsies and serum before, immediately after, and 2 h after 45 ...
Goh Jorming J Interdisciplinary Program in Nutritional Sciences, University of Washington, Seattle WA, USA; Department of Comparative Medicine, University of Washington, Seattle WA, - - 2014
Physical activity, which can include regular and repetitive exercise training, has been shown to decrease the incidence of age-related diseases. Aging is characterized by aberrant immune responses, including impaired wound healing and increased cancer risk. The behavior and polarized phenotype of tissue macrophages are distinct between young and old organisms. ...
Tomkiewicz-Pajak Lidia - - 2014
Patients who have undergone a Fontan operation (FO) may suffer from both systolic and diastolic single ventricle (SV) dysfunction. The aim of the study was to quantify non-invasively the systolic and diastolic single ventricle function in adult FO patients and to assess its effect on exercise tolerance. We investigated 21 ...
de Bisschop C C Laboratory «MOVE» Poitiers University, UPRES-EA 6314, 8 Allée Jean Monnet 86000 Poitiers, France. Electronic address: - - 2014
If a competition between the oxygen demands of limb and respiratory muscles happens, hypoxia may favour redistribution of blood flow from peripheral to respiratory muscles during heavy exercise. This hypothesis was tested in eighteen lowlanders and 27 highlanders at 4,350m altitude. During an incremental exercise, the regional tissue oxygen saturation ...
Fang Y Y State Key Laboratory of Oncology in South China, Guangzhou, - - 2014
Postoperative respiratory complications often arise in lung cancer patients after lung resection, although these are often difficult to predict. We sought to identify reliable predictors of early-onset postoperative respiratory complications in lung cancer patients who had moderate-to-severe preoperative respiratory impairment. This was a prospective observational study that included 107 consecutive ...
Bîrlea S I SI Electrical and Electronic Engineering, School of Engineering and Informatics, NUI Galway, University Road, Galway, Ireland. Bioelectronics Research Cluster, National Centre for Biomedical Engineering Science, NUI Galway, University Road, Galway, - - 2014
Particular neuromuscular electrical stimulation (NMES) applications require the use of the same electrodes over a long duration (>1 day) without having access to them. Under such circumstance the quality of the electrode-skin contact cannot be assessed. We used the NMES signal itself to assess the quality of the electrode-skin contact and ...
Baggish Aaron L AL 1Massachusetts General - - 2014
Short non-protein coding RNA molecules, known as microRNAs (miRNAs), are intracellular mediators of adaptive processes including muscle hypertrophy, contractile force generation, and inflammation. During basal conditions and tissue injury, miRNAs are released into the bloodstream as "circulating" miRNAs (c-miRNAs). To date, the impact of extended duration, sub-maximal aerobic exercise on ...
Chodakiewitz Yosef G YG The Warren Alpert Medical School, Brown University, Providence, - - 2014
Post-traumatic Raynaud's phenomenon following non-penetrating or non-repetitive injury is rare. We report a case of Raynaud's phenomenon occurring in a single digit 3 months following volar plate avulsion injury. Daily episodes of painless pallor of the digit occurred for 1 month upon any exposure to cold, resolving with warm water ...
Jacobs Janelle L JL Department of Physical Therapy, University of Utah, 520 Wakara Way, Salt Lake City, UT 84108, - - 2014
Objective. Greater skeletal muscle fat infiltration occurs with age and contributes to numerous negative health outcomes. The primary purpose was to determine whether intermuscular adipose tissue (IMAT) can be influenced by an exercise intervention and if a greater reduction in IMAT occurs with eccentric versus traditional resistance training. Methods. Seventy-seven ...
Badiuk Boyd Wn - - 2013
The abdominal wall is a prime target for therapeutic exercises aimed to prevent and rehabilitate low back pain as well as enhance performance training. This study examined the "Lewit"; a corrective exercise prescribed for several purposes, which is performed lying supine in a crook-lying position and involves forceful breathing. Muscle ...
Aydin Suna S Department of Cardiovascular Surgery, Elazig Research and Education Hospital, Elazig, 23100- Turkey; Firat University, School of Medicine, Department of Anatomy, Elazig, - - 2013
Irisin converts white adipose tissue (WAT) into brown adipose tissue (BAT), as regulated by energy expenditure. The relationship between irisin concentrations after exercise in rats compared humans after exercise remains controversial. We therefore: 1) measured irisin expression in cardiac and skeletal muscle, liver, kidney, peripheral nerve sheath and skin tissues, ...
Westerdahl Elisabeth - - 2013
Postoperative breathing exercises are recommended to cardiac surgery patients. Instructions concerning how long patients should continue exercises after discharge vary, and the significance of treatment needs to be determined. Our aim was to assess the effects of home-based deep breathing exercises performed with a positive expiratory pressure device for 2 ...
Norheim Frode - - 2013
Irisin was first identified as a peroxisome proliferator-activated receptor γ co-activator-1 α (PGC-1α)-dependent myokine with the potential to induce murine brown-fat-like development of white adipose tissue. In humans, the regulatory effect of training on muscle FNDC5 mRNA expression and subsequently irisin levels in plasma is more controversial. We recruited 26 ...
Dideriksen Kasper - - 2013
Abstract The extracellular matrix network of skeletal muscle and tendon connective tissue is primarily composed of collagen and connects the muscle contractile protein to the bones in the human body. The mechanical properties of the connective tissue are important for the effectiveness of which the muscle-force is transformed into movement. ...
Zavorsky Gerald S GS Department of Health and Sport Sciences, University of Louisville, Louisville, KY 40292, United States; Department of Physiology and Biophysics, University of Louisville, Louisville, KY 40292, United States. Electronic address: - - 2014
The purpose of this study was to determine whether marathon running causes lung edema, and if so, to determine its effects on runners. Posterior/anterior (PA) radiographs were taken one day before the marathon and at 19, 55, and 98min post-marathon in 26 runners. The pre and post exercise radiographs of ...
Kawanishi Noriaki - - 2013
Tissue fibrosis, such as that which occurs in obesity, is associated with chronic inflammatory diseases. Although regular exercise reduces adipose tissue inflammation, the mechanisms regulating the effects of exercise on adipose tissue fibrosis are unclear. This study aimed to clarify whether exercise training attenuates adipose tissue fibrosis with consequent reduction ...
Karabulut Murat - - 2013
This study aimed to determine whether changes in initial restrictive pressures (IRP, tightness of the cuff before inflation with air) affect tissue oxygenation, lactate production and leg strength before, during and after knee extension exercises. The cuff was positioned on the right thigh, and the IRP of either 40-45 or ...
Kawanishi Noriaki - - 2013
Obesity is associated with adipose tissue inflammation, which has been attributed to changes in the number and types of leukocytes in adipose tissue. Exercise training is thought to be important for the reduction of adipose tissue inflammation, but the mechanisms by which this may occur are incompletely understood. Here, we ...
Mendoza Laura - - 2013
Quadriceps muscle dysfunction is an important contributor to exercise limitation in COPD, but little is known about skeletal muscle function and its impact on exercise capacity in patients with fibrotic idiopathic interstitial pneumonia (IIP). The aim of the study was to compare quadriceps strength and endurance in patients with fibrotic ...
Delmore Robert J - - 2013
Context: Hip adductor strains are among the most common lower extremity injuries sustained in athletics. Treatment of these injuries involves a variety of exercises used to target the hip adductors. Objective: To identify the varying activation levels of the adductor longus during common hip adductor exercises. Design: Descriptive study. Setting: ...
Nygren Andreas - - 2013
The purpose of this study was first to evaluate the near infrared spectroscopy (NIRS) device, INVOS 4100 as a method of measuring exercise and arterial occlusion induced muscle ischemia in human leg, by comparison with InSpectra tissue spectrometer Model 325, and secondly to determine the influence of skin and subcutaneous ...
Perez Manuela - - 2013
SUMMARY BACKGROUND DATA: Robotic surgery has witnessed a huge expansion. Robotic simulators have proved to be of major interest in training. Some authors have suggested that prior experience in micro-surgery could improve robotic surgery training. OBJECTIVE: To test micro-surgery as a new approach in training, we proposed a prospective study ...
Gibson Noah M - - 2013
Doxorubicin (DOX) is a highly effective anthracycline antibiotic used to treat a wide array of cancers. Its use is limited due to dose-dependent cardiovascular toxicity. While exercise training has been shown to protect against DOX-induced cardiotoxicity, it is unclear as to whether exercise can attenuate DOX-induced vascular dysfunction. The purpose ...
Peltonen Juha E - - 2013
We investigated whether leg and arm skeletal muscle, and cerebral deoxygenation, differ during incremental cycling exercise in men and women, and if women's lower capacity to deliver O2 affects tissue deoxygenation. Men (n=10) compared to women (n=10), had greater cardiac output, which with greater hemoglobin concentration produced greater absolute (QaO2) ...
Manini Todd M TM Aging Rehabilitation Research Center, University of Florida, PO Box 112610, Gainesville, FL 32611. - - 2014
Accumulating evidence suggests that both dietary restriction and exercise (DR + E) should be incorporated in weight loss interventions to treat obese, older adults. However, more information is needed on the effects to lower extremity tissue composition-an important consideration for preserving mobility in older adults. Twenty-seven sedentary women (body mass ...
Okazaki K - - 2013
We examined whether post-exercise macronutrient supplementation during a 5-month home-based interval walking training (IWT) accelerated exercise-induced increases in skeletal muscle mass and strength in healthy middle-aged and older women. Thirty-five women (41-78 years) were randomly divided into two groups: IWT alone (CNT, n = 18) or IWT plus post-exercise macronutrient (7.6 g protein, ...
Ha Sung-Min SM Department of Physical Therapy, Division of Health Science, Baekseok University, Republic of - - 2013
To improve selective infraspinatus muscle strength and endurance, researchers have recommended selective shoulder external-rotation exercise during rehabilitation or athletic conditioning programs. Although selective strengthening of the infraspinatus muscle is recommended for therapy and training, limited information is available to help clinicians design a selective strengthening program. To determine the most ...
Dowman Leona - - 2013
ABSTRACT: BACKGROUND: Interstitial lung disease encompasses a diverse group of chronic lung conditions characterised by distressing dyspnoea, fatigue, reduced exercise tolerance and poor health-related quality of life.Exercise training is one of the few treatments to induce positive changes in exercise tolerance and symptoms, however there is marked variability in response. ...
Kang Sun-Young - - 2013
The direction of fiber alignment within a muscle is known to influence the effectiveness of muscle contraction. However, most of the commonly used clinical gluteus maximus (GM) exercises do not consider the direction of fiber alignment within the muscle. Therefore, the purpose of this study was to investigate the influence ...
Roca-Rivada Arturo - - 2013
Exercise provides clear beneficial effects for the prevention of numerous diseases. However, many of the molecular events responsible for the curative and protective role of exercise remain elusive. The recent discovery of FNDC5/irisin protein that is liberated by muscle tissue in response to exercise might be an important finding with ...
Marcus R L - - 2013
Objectives: To examine the influence of intramuscular adipose tissue (IMAT) on muscle quality (MQ) changes in older adults after 12 weeks of exercise training. Design: Prospective cohort design. Setting: Academic health science center clinical exercise facility. Participants: 70 older (mean age 73.4 ± 6.3 years) adults with a history of ...
Vissers Dirk - - 2013
Excessive visceral adipose tissue appears to trigger a cascade of metabolic disturbances that seem to coexist with ectopic fat storage in muscle, liver, heart and the ß-cell. Therefore, the reduction of visceral adipose tissue potentially plays a pivotal role in the treatment of the metabolic syndrome. The purpose of this ...
Someya Fujiko - - 2013
Although the relationship between muscle strength and exercise capacity has been demonstrated in dermatomyositis without lung dysfunction, little is known about the association between exercise capacity and interstitial lung disease in dermatomyositis. Eleven patients with dermatomyositis with interstitial lung disease without the manifestation of muscle weakness and 12 patients with ...
Lollo Pablo C B PC Department of Food and Nutrition, School of Food Engineering, University of Campinas , UNICAMP, - - 2013
Running on a horizontal plane is known to increase the concentration of the stress biomarker heat-shock protein (HSP), but no comparison of the expression of HSP70 has yet been established between the uphill (predominantly concentric) and downhill (predominantly eccentric) muscle contractions exercise. The objective of the study was to investigate ...
Wada Tomoko T Orofacial Pain and Oral Medicine Center, Ostrow School of Dentistry of USC, Los Angeles, CA 90089, - - 2013
Systemic sclerosis (SSc) is a relatively rare condition with an immunologically mediated pathogenesis. For reasons that are not clearly understood, dense collagen is deposited in the connective tissues of the body in extraordinary amounts. Although its dramatic effects are seen in association with the skin, the disease is often quite ...
Hasegawa Kenjiro K Department of Plastic and Reconstructive Surgery, Okayama University Graduate School of Medicine, Dentistry and Pharmaceutical Sciences, Okayama 700-8558, Japan. - - 2013
In the postoperative treatment of hand surgery, it is important to start exercise therapy as early as possible. In conventional negative pressure wound therapy, the fingers are immobilized by the film dressing covering the wound and hand, thereby preventing sufficient rehabilitation. Here, we devised a bag-type negative pressure wound therapy ...
Wilms Britta - - 2012
BACKGROUND: Exercise performance and pulmonary function are often impaired in severely obese subjects. Bariatric surgery represents the most effective therapy for severe obesity, but data on changes in exercise performance after massive weight loss induced by bariatric surgery have rarely been assessed so far. METHODS: Exercise performance was obtained by ...
Sritippayawan Suchada - - 2012
PURPOSE: To study lung function and exercise capacity in children following lung resection surgery. METHODS: Children aged 6-18 years who had lung resection surgery were studied and compared to normal children (age and sex matched). All had spirometry/body plethysmography and exercise stress test (performed by treadmill and modified Balke protocol). RESULTS: ...
Roig B - - 2012
An inter-laboratory exercise was organized under the PHARMAS EU project, by the Advanced School of Public Health (EHESP), in order to evaluate the performances of analytical methods for the measurement of antibiotics in waters (surface and tap). This is the first time such an exercise on antibiotics has been organized ...
Collins Eileen G - - 2012
This randomized trial proposed to determine if there were differences in calf muscle StO(2) parameters in patients before and after 12 weeks of a traditional walking or walking-with-poles exercise program. Data were collected on 85 patients who were randomized to a traditional walking program (n = 40) or walking-with-poles program ...
Chwała Wiesław - - 2012
Introduction Symmetrical loading and asymmetrical stretching of trunk extensors are applied in scoliosis physiotherapy management. Conflicting evidence is available on trunk erectors' bioelectrical activity during such static exercise, especially in adult subjects. Our purpose was to identify the profile of bioelectrical activity of trunk extensors during static contractions against symmetrical ...
Robbins Daniel D Centre for Sports Science and Human Performance, University of Greenwich , Chatham Maritim, Kent, - - 2012
Despite increasing use of whole body vibration during exercise an understanding of the exact role of vibration and the supporting physiological mechanisms is still limited. An important aspect of exercise analysis is the utilisation of oxygen, however, there have been limited studies considering tissue oxygenation parameters, particularly during dynamic whole ...
Vispute Sachin S - - 2011
Vispute, SS, Smith, JD, LeCheminant, JD, and Hurley, KS. The effect of abdominal exercise on abdominal fat. J Strength Cond Res 25(X): 000-000, 2011-The purpose of this study was to investigate the effect of abdominal exercises on abdominal fat. Twenty-four healthy, sedentary participants (14 men and 10 women), between 18 ...
Kim Su-Jung - - 2011
To improve trunk stability or trunk muscle strength, many athletic trainers and physiotherapists use various types of unstable equipment for training. The round foam roll is one of those unstable pieces of equipment and may be useful for improving trunk stability. To assess the effect of the supporting surface (floor ...
Fjordbakk C T - - 2011
Reasons for performing the study: Dynamic laryngeal collapse (DLC) associated with poll flexion is a performance limiting dynamic upper airway disorder commonly diagnosed in Coldblooded trotters. An inspiratory obstruction occurs when affected horses are driven with tension on the reins, inducing poll flexion. To date, surgical treatment and conservative management ...
van der Cammen-van Zijp M H M - - 2011
Extracorporeal membrane oxygenation (ECMO) provides life support in acute reversible cardiorespiratory failure. Assessment of long-term morbidity is essential to confirm survival advantage. This study aimed to assess exercise capacity in the first 12 yrs of life after neonatal ECMO, and to evaluate the effect of primary diagnosis, lung function or ...
Parker Matthew W - - 2011
Valvular heart disease (VHD) carries documented risks for active individuals. At the same time, many individuals with intermediate degrees of valve disease can safely exercise and even participate in competitive athletics. Unfortunately for clinicians caring for these patients, data are scarce. Understanding the pathophysiology and natural history of VHD is ...
Christensen Pernille M - - 2011
Respiratory difficulties caused by exercise-induced laryngeal obstructions (EILOs) are reported with increasing frequency. The aim of this study was to assess the prevalence and symptoms of EILOs and their relation to airway hyperresponsiveness (AHR). In total, 556 randomly selected youths in Copenhagen aged 14-24 years were invited over a 2-year period. ...
Machado Roberto F - - 2011
In adults with sickle cell disease (SCD), an increased tricuspid regurgitation velocity (TRV) by Doppler echocardiography is associated with increased morbidity and mortality. Although sildenafil has been shown to improve exercise capacity in patients with pulmonary arterial hypertension, it has not been evaluated in SCD. We therefore sought to determine ...
Donesky DorAnne - - 2011
The purpose of this study was to identify determinants of frequency (days per week), duration (minutes per session), and continuity (persistence over 1 year) of home walking in 103 patients with chronic obstructive pulmonary disease (COPD) who participated in a dyspnea self-management program. Dimensions of home walking exercise were measured ...
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