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Results 401 - 450 of 482
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Watson P D - - 1985
Experiments were performed to demonstrate that papaverine can increase capillary filtration coefficient, CFC, and to investigate whether this increase could be reversed by isoproterenol, norepinephrine and plasma. The study used the isolated cat hindlimb, perfused at constant flow with a recirculated blood-albumin solution. It was observed that papaverine increased CFC ...
Adair T H - - 1985
This paper will focus on physiological evidence for a lymph node concentrating-diluting mechanism. The mechanism is based on the finding that the protein concentration of efferent lymph leaving the node will change in the direction required to establish equilibrium of the Starling forces acting across the blood-lymph barrier of the ...
Carpenter H M - - 1985
The ability of hexachlorobenzene (HCB) to cause changes in the isozymic composition of hepatic monooxygenases of Japanese quail was assessed. HCB-induced changes in the relative concentrations of benzo[a]pyrene metabolites produced in vitro were apparent. HCB treatment also resulted in changes in the responsiveness of ethoxycoumarin O-deethylase (ECOD) and ethoxyresorufin O-deethylase ...
Ozols A - - 1985
In two experimental series in situ applying perfusion technique, and in vitro, the role of the duodenum in adaptation of sucrose digestion was investigated in the proximal, medial and distal parts of the chick small intestine. No adaptive changes occurred in hydrolysis and carbohydrate transport if the pancreo-duodenal complex was ...
Hayes W K - - 1985
A 13-yr-old victim of a prolonged eastern garter snake (Thamnophis s. sirtalis) bite was hospitalized following development of coolness, edema and ecchymosis of the bitten hand. Although lymphatic involvement was noted, vital signs and laboratory tests were normal and rapid recovery followed. Subsequent asymptomatic Thamnophis bites of the subject indicate ...
Amoore J N - - 1985
A simple model study2 is used to compare the relative contributions to the surface ECG of the "Brody effect"1 and positional changes of the heart when the heart volume changes. In certain studies, such as exercise, it is the change in heart volume and its effect on the surface ECG ...
Smith M T - - 1984
Lasker's coefficient of relationship by isonymy was used to analyse surname data taken from the 1841-1881 Census returns from Fylingdales parish, North Yorkshire. Relationships were measured between each of the occupational groups: mariner, fisherman, shipowner, farmer, agricultural labourer, alum works labourer and 'other'--with and between census years in each decade. ...
Joseph B E - - 1984
Rhesus monkeys were treated for pulmonary acariasis with single injections of ivermectin (200 micrograms/kg). Monkeys were killed and complete necropsies performed. Control monkeys had numerous live mites, while treated monkeys had only dead, frequently fragmented mites. Histopathologically, inflammatory lesions were most severe in control monkeys and monkeys killed one week ...
Bevis C R - - 1984
TDG has been compared with hippuran and DTPA in normal subjects and the derived gamma camera renograms of both the whole kidney and parenchymal regions subjected to deconvolution analysis using the matrix algorithm. The transit time of TDG was found to be longer than both hippuran and DTPA. The parenchymal ...
Schiller L R - - 1984
To determine whether the antidiarrheal effect of loperamide is due to an effect on intestinal motor function or to an acceleration of the rate of absorption by the intestine (as has been suggested recently), we studied absorption during experimental diarrhea produced by the rapid intragastric infusion of electrolyte solution. In ...
McGuire D M - - 1984
Rat liver sterol carrier protein (SCP), a major regulator of lipid metabolism and transport, undergoes a rapid turnover and dramatic circadian variation in amount. The level of SCP was quantitated by a specific immunochemical assay using an antibody to homogeneous liver SCP. During a 12-h dark, 12-h light cycle, liver ...
Tos M - - 1984
Unilateral tubal occlusion was performed in 10 cats, which were sacrificed 26-44 months later. During the observation period repeated bilateral tympanometry and auditory nerve response were recorded. Paracentesis with evacuation of effusion was performed up to eight times and the effusion was examined by viscometry. After sacrifice, quantitative histopathology of ...
Ludatscher R M - - 1984
The autolytic ultrastructural changes of the human myocardium were studied in 25 specimens taken 30 min to 18 h post mortem. Damage to the mitochondrial membranes and the appearance of mitochondrial armorphous densities characterized the irreversible lesions of the autolytic myocardium. The development of these changes was observed in consecutive ...
Lee J S - - 1983
The relations between motility, tone, water absorption rate (Jv) and lymph flow (J1), were studied in an exteriorized upper jejunal preparation in vivo, with its serosal side bathed in Krebs-Ringer or other solutions. Neither Jv nor J1 was correlated with motility. When the luminal fluid consisted of an isotonic solution ...
Grismer J T - - 1983
Seven subjects had spirometric studies during head-out immersion before and after working at depth in coral research. Under the variable environmental conditions of a field study the seven subjects demonstrated changes in the spirometric variables consistent with those found in wet laboratories. Exercise at depth did not change the variables ...
Tchernitchin A N - - 1983
This work was aimed at testing whether oestrogen-induced changes in the uterus are responsible for uterine eosinophil migration or whether the effect is due to a direct action of oestrogen on the eosinophils themselves. Uterine eosinophil migration in response to intraluminal administration of oestradiol-17 beta into one uterine horn was ...
Shahabudin S H - - 1983
The belief that it is unwise to alter the initial response to a multiple choice question is questioned. Among 39 380 MCQ responses, there were 1818 changes (4.62%) of which 21.9% were correct to incorrect responses, 46.3% incorrect to correct responses and 31.8% incorrect to incorrect. This effect was very ...
Rogers L J - - 1983
During the first week of post-hatch life, the chicken forebrain is asymmetrically susceptible to the action of cycloheximide. Between days 2 to 8 treatment of the left hemisphere, but not the right, causes long-lasting changes in behaviour. The right hemisphere is susceptible on days 10 and 11. These developmental events ...
Penner M J - - 1983
For 11 patients with tinnitus and sensorineural hearing loss, the intensity of bilateral broad-band noise required to mask the tinnitus increased by as much as 41 dB over a 30-minute period. A significant correlation was obtained between the rate of change in the noise over time and reported annoyance of ...
Kumagami H - - 1983
Chronological changes of the whole nerve action potential (AP), cochlear microphonics (CM) and summating potential (SP) in experimental endolymphatic hydrops in guinea pigs were studied during a period from 1 week to 13 months after the endolymphatic sac obliteration. Endolymphatic hydrops became extensive in month 3 and persisted thereafter. The ...
Folkers K - - 1983
Ten analogs of substance P (SP) were designed and synthesized. The agonist and antagonist activities against SP were assayed on the isolated guinea pig ileum. The prime designs were changes of the important Met11 to include Leu11, Thr11, D-Leu11 and D-Ala11. Step-wise designs of changing D-Arg1 and D-Pro2 to the ...
Schultz M - - 1983
In untreated adult male albino rats changes in nuclear volume within the periportal and the perivenous zones of the liver acinus were measured during a full day and night cycle. Only the perivenous zone displayed circadian rhythmic changes as expressed in the sinus-like course of the nuclear volume-distribution graph (polynomial) ...
Harenberg J - - 1982
In patients on oral warfarin, nicoumalone and phenindione an increase in the anticoagulant effect has been described during concomitant treatment with cimetidine. Therefore the effect of cimetidine on the steady state dynamics of phenprocoumon has been investigated in ten outpatients. No change in the anticoagulant effect of phenprocoumon was observed ...
Webb R D - - 1982
A small change in brick dimensions resulted in an increase in the perceived work-load of men loading and unloading pallets of bricks by hand. A laboratory study indicated that the change in brick dimensions required changes in grip pattern in order to unload bricks at the same rate, moving the ...
Harenberg J - - 1982
In patients on oral warfarin, nicoumalone and phenindione an increase of the anticoagulant effect has been described during concomitant treatment with cimetidine. Therefore we have investigated the effect of cimetidine on the steady state dynamics of phenprocoumon in ten outpatients. No changes in the anticoagulant effect and the plasma phenprocoumon ...
Mayer L W - - 1982
The rate of change of colony opacity phenotype was determined for 12 strains of Neisseria gonorrhoeae. The average rate of change was about 2 X 10(-3) per colony-forming unit per generation with a range of 0.2 X 10(-3) to 4 X 10(-3) per colony-forming unit per generation. Transition from opaque ...
Carson S A - - 1982
Previous studies have shown that aerosolized histamine increases tracheal mucociliary transport velocity, whereas topically administered H1-antihistamines depress mucociliary function. Using a radiolabelled tracer method in anesthetized dogs, we determined tracheal transport velocity (TTV) before and 30 and 60 min after intravenous administration of 150 mg of cimetidine, an H2-antihistamine. In ...
Strong G - - 1982
Von Graefe phoria measurements were obtained for ten prepresbyopic subjects at 40 cm and 6 m test distances using a vertical column of black letters on red, green, and white backgrounds. Phorias measured at 40 cm using red and white target backgrounds were similar, but the phoria measured using a ...
Stanton T L - - 1982
We have measured the endogenous TRH concentration in the pineal and 9 brain regions of a seasonal hibernator, the golden-mantled ground squirrel, during euthermia and hibernation in order to investigate the possibility that changes in TRH concentration might occur in association with naturally-occurring changes in CNS-mediated physiological and behavioral processes. ...
Bird E D - - 1982
Interpretation of data on the possible relationship between changes in endogenous putative transmitters and neuropsychiatric disorders may be altered by the use of neuroleptic agents. As one approach to this problem, we attempted to simulate the situation in man by measuring the changes in dopamine in basal ganglia of monkeys ...
Thomsen R J - - 1982
The fingernails of a woman with pachyonychia congenita were ablated by several different methods. The most effective, most rapidly performed, and most acceptable method was vigorous curettage and electrofulguration of the matrices and beds of the nails. The responses to treatment suggest that the matrix, rather than the bed, is ...
Inada M - - 1982
The biological aspects of cobalamin were studied in autopsy brains of eight elderly subjects who had lacked marked neurologic symptoms. Separation of the gray and white matter of the frontal and temporal lobes, and subsequently, subcellular fractionation of each matter were attempted. The contents of cobalamin and its binders and ...
Williamson R C - - 1982
The lining of the intestinal tract is constantly renewed in a brisk but orderly fashion. Further acceleration of cell renewal is elicited by various stimuli, notably surgical shortening of the intestine and hyperphagia, which lead to prompt but persistent increases in mucosal mass. Progressive hypoplasia ensues when the small and ...
Penner D W - - 1982
The 1982 edition of the Laboratory Workload Recording Method manual will reflect a reduction in unit values assigned to some clinical chemistry procedures. In this article, the author explains why the changes have been made, what they mean, and offers guidelines on coping with the ever changing but valuable Workload ...
Vijayakumar R - - 1981
Prostaglandins E and F (PGE, PGF) and their 13,14-dihydro-15-keto metabolites were measured by radioimmunoassay in myometrium obtained from 27 women during abdominal hysterectomy for benign gynecologic conditions at defined stages of the menstrual cycle. Excepting the late secretory phase, when myometrial PGF concentrations were highest, the myometrial PGE concentration exceeded ...
Gurnani P D - - 1981
Five obsessive-compulsive patients were treated for intrusive thoughts by three sessions of repetition of the thought. Within- and between-session changes in both frequency and subjective distress lent only partial support to the habituation and conditioned inhibition models which have been used to account for the effects of prolonged repetition. Alternative ...
Gibson R S - - 1980
Results of the studies reviewed suggest that hair represents a promising biopsy material to study trace element redistribution and changes in trace-element status during early infancy. Caution must be exercised in sampling and only proximal, recently-grown hair collected. Appropriate standard washing procedures must also be employed and sensitive analytical techniques ...
Vlahov E - - 1980
An experiment was conducted to determine if improvement in resolution acuity due to exercise was based on changes in sensory discrimination or decision criterion. Two subjects participated in 15 exercise sessions of 1100 kpm per min. On a bicycle ergometer and 5 control sessions. After each exercise and non-exercise condition, ...
Mountain D C - - 1980
Electrical stimulation of the crossed olivo-cochlear bundle (COCB) increases both the cochlear microphonic and the acoustically synchronized changing resistance (CR) and it causes a decrease in the electrical impedance of scala media of the guinea pig. The similarity between the change in CR due to COCB stimulation and the change ...
Rubinson K A - - 1980
The exponential-relaxation rates (rate constant k) of relatively slow (ms) chemical reactions may change with applied potential. Three general cases are described which, by their dependencies on an externally applied voltage, should be experimentally separable. They are processes due to (1) permanent dipoles entirely in the field - - (d ...
Wainwright J - - 1980
The structural changes occurring in hypokalaemic myopathy are described. The literature pertaining to this subject is reviewed, with particular reference to the muscular changes in chronic alcoholism.
Porch B E - - 1980
We reviewed speech, language, and biographical data on 144 asphasic patients who had suffered left hemisphere cerebral vascular accidents. Using a step-wise multiple regression procedure, we attempted to predict change in severity of aphasia at three, six, and 12 months postonset based on performance at one, three, and six months ...
Fairbrother J E - - 1980
A tristimulus reflectance spectrophotometer was used to examine the color changes of nystatin during accelerated stability studies, and a relationship was observed between the loss of microbiological potency and the change in color during thermal degradation. By substitution of the measured tristimulus values in the Kubelka-Munk equation, the remission function ...
Olsen P S - - 1980
A colitis-like state induced in Guinea Pigs fed degraded carrageenan orally. By means of a combined semimacroscopic and histologic technique the course of the disease was followed during 28 days. The changes were primarily seen and became most prominent in the caecum. The first lesions were observed following 24 hours ...
Shephard R J - - 1980
The exercise stress test is evaluated in terms of epidemiological criteria including validity, reliability, safety, rapidity, cost, yield, and acceptability. Rigid criteria for the diagnosis of abnormality allow a high specificity and sensitivity. It is one of the safer medical examinations, and can be completed in three to nine minutes. ...
Angrist B - - 1980
Twenty-one schizophrenic subjects, who had been neuroleptic-free, were tested for responsiveness to dopaminergic agonists: Apomorphine emesis threshold was determined and change in psychopathology after 0.5 mg/kg d-amphetamine orally was rated. The subjects' subsequent response to neuroleptic treatment were also determined. Sensitivity to apomorphine emesis was also determined in a nonschizophrenic ...
Wadsworth P F - - 1979
The effects of levonorgestrel-loaded plastic intrauterine devices on endometrial morphology were investigated in 15 rhesus monkeys for 14 weeks. The devices were designed to release 25 microgram of the hormone per day and were inserted in the uterus by hysterotomy. Control animals were sham operated or received inert placebo devices. ...
Lechin F - - 1979
Diphenylhydantoin (DPH) induced changes in distal colon motility in the 37 subjects investigated. In subjects with sigmoidal hyperactivity plus rectal hypoactivity, DPH suppressed or reduced sigmoidal phasic activity. In subjects showing no sigmoidal activity predominance, DPH induced increases of sigmoidal and/or rectal motility. Sulpiride (an "atypical" dopaminergic blocking agent) antagonized ...
Deye J A - - 1978
A unit is discussed which employs a pair of matched silicon diode detectors to check the constancy of the output, beam quality, field flatness, and symmetry of teletherapy equipment. The unit has proven useful, but the long-term stability of the diode-amplifier system must be considered, because two years of experience ...
Persson H E - - 1978
Pattern-reversal VERs were studied during the visual impairment provoked by exercise in 2 patients with demyelinating optic neuritis. It was found that the transient reduction in visual acuity was correlated to a transient decrease in the amplitude of the major positive component of the VER, whereas no significant changes could ...
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