Search Results
Results 51 - 100 of 482
1 2 3 4 5 6 7 8 9 10 >
Stride Matthew - - 2011
For patients with chronic kidney disease, the importance of regular physical activity should not be overlooked. The case is put forward that physical activity promotion and exercise prescription should become an integral part of the care of these patients, especially those requiring haemodialysis.
Ganju A A - - 2011
Objective assessment of severity in patients with chronic obstructive pulmonary disease (COPD) is mainly limited to pulmonary function testing performed at rest. But, accurate assessment of exercise capacity in patients with COPD may be possible with cardiopulmonary exercise testing (CPET). Forty-three patients with stable COPD were included and were divided ...
Hurley Ben F - - 2011
Strength training (ST) has long been considered a promising intervention for reversing the loss of muscle function and the deterioration of muscle structure associated with advanced age but, until recently, the evidence was insufficient to support its role in the prevention or treatment of disease. In recent decades, there has ...
Downs Charles A - - 2011
Purpose: To describe available methods for assessing functional capacity in persons with chronic obstructive pulmonary disease (COPD). Data sources: An extensive literature review is used to provide pertinent information. Conclusions: COPD disease affects millions of Americans and is physically and psychologically distressing. The hallmark of chronic obstructive pulmonary disease is ...
Yu Fang - - 2011
Alzheimer's disease is a global, epidemic problem affecting mainly older adults with tremendous social and financial burdens. Older adults with Alzheimer's disease showed reduced physical activity and cognitive changes that are probably amenable to aerobic exercise training. The purpose of this paper is to develop a conceptual model to guide ...
Yu Fang - - 2011
Little is known about cardiorespiratory fitness and aerobic exercise training in older adults with Alzheimer's disease (AD). The purposes of this article are to describe the change in cardiorespiratory fitness after 2 months of aerobic training and the feasibility of aerobic training in 4 men with moderate-to-severe AD. A one-group, ...
Franco Veronica - - 2011
Patients with cardiovascular diseases commonly present with exercise intolerance, clinically manifest as shortness of breath and fatigue, and these symptoms have important prognostic implications. Cardiopulmonary exercise testing is a well-established method for evaluation of cardiopulmonary diseases. It provides an objective assessment of maximal aerobic capacity (peak VO(2)), estimates prognosis, and ...
Zuckerman Warren A - - 2011
Eisenmenger syndrome (ES) is a known complication of congenital heart disease associated with unrepaired systemic to pulmonary shunts. Evidence for use of targeted pulmonary arterial hypertension therapy in ES is limited. The early experience using ambrisentan was evaluated in a cohort of consecutive patients with ES who initiated ambrisentan at ...
Broberg Craig S - - 2011
In patients with cyanosis from congenital heart disease, erythropoiesis is governed by many factors that can alter the expected relation between the oxygen saturation (O(2sat)) and hemoglobin concentration. We sought to define the relation between the O(2sat) and hemoglobin in such patients and to predict an ideal hemoglobin concentration for ...
Thanavaro Joanne L - - 2011
BACKGROUND: Postural orthostatic tachycardia syndrome (POTS) is an autonomic disorder characterized by an exaggerated increase in heart rate that occurs during standing, without orthostatic hypotension. Women are most frequently affected, and may present with palpitations, chest discomfort, shortness of breath, weakness, exercise intolerance, lightheadedness, presyncope, and syncope. METHODS: We present ...
Booher Anna M - - 2011
Exercise hemodynamics play an important role in the evaluation and management of patients with both severe stenotic or regurgitant valve lesions. Exercise testing in patients with valvular heart disease can help to unmask latent symptoms and define the timing of surgical intervention. Additionally, exercise-induced hemodynamics are an important tool to ...
Hillström Anna - - 2011
Hereditary phosphofructokinase (PFK) deficiency was diagnosed in two Wachtelhund dogs and suspected in three related Wachtelhund dogs with exercise intolerance, hemolytic anemia, and pigmenturia. Severe, persistent reticulocytosis in light of only mild anemia together with hemoglobinuria after strenuous exercise suggested PFK deficiency. Low erythrocyte PFK activity together with low 2,3-diphosphoglycerate ...
Bongers Bc - - 2011
Objective: The oxygen uptake efficiency slope (OUES) has been proposed as an independent and objective alternative to the peak oxygen uptake (VO(2peak)), which does not require maximal exercise. The aim of this study was to investigate the construct and group validity of the OUES in children with congenital heart disease ...
Murphy Claire-Louise - - 2011
Background Exercise is an integral part of a healthy lifestyle. It has a well defined role in maintaining health in chronic illness. This study was undertaken to determine attitudes towards exercise in patients admitted to hospital with medical illnesses. Methods A questionnaire on attitudes to and extent of exercise was ...
Wolpin Seth - - 2011
Traditional approaches to patient-reported outcomes diaries have been largely paper based. However, paper-based approaches have inherent inefficiencies such as an inability to communicate the entries in real time to the healthcare team, issues related to transport and mobility, and no tailored output related to what is entered. Traditional paper-based approaches ...
Tan S Veronica - - 2011
To improve the accuracy of genotype prediction and guide genetic testing in patients with muscle channelopathies we applied and refined specialized electrophysiological exercise test parameters. We studied 56 genetically confirmed patients and 65 controls using needle electromyography, the long exercise test, and short exercise tests at room temperature, after cooling, ...
Gregory Sara M - - 2011
OBJECTIVE: As known abnormalities exist in the insulin-like growth factor (IGF) system in chronic kidney disease (CKD) patients, the measurement of bioactive IGF-I may provide further insight into the therapeutic potential of long-term exercise training. DESIGN: Patients (N=21) with stages 3 and 4 CKD were recruited from a local nephrology ...
Clapp Emma L - - 2011
It is well known that adults suffering from chronic kidney disease (CKD) experience muscle wasting and excessive fatigue, which results in a reduced exercise capacity and muscle weakness compared to their healthy counterparts, but research suggests that this can be improved through exercise. There is very limited data available regarding ...
Aldred Sarah - - 2011
Oxidative damage to lipoproteins, in particular low density lipoprotein (LDL), is known to play a role in a number of diseases associated with aging such as cardiovascular disease (CVD) and dementia. Exercise can alter the balance of oxidative and anti-oxidative species within the human body and may cause oxidative damage ...
Barnett L - - 2011
To retrospectively assess the long-term outcome for dogs that were presented with collapse, syncope or exercise intolerance for which an underlying cause is not identified. The clinical records of animals presenting to two practices were assessed. Dogs which presented for collapse, syncope or exercise intolerance at least 6 months previously ...
Sevketoglu E - - 2011
<title/> A 14-year-old professional basketball player developed symptoms of influenza which was subsequently confirmed to be caused by influenza A (H3N2). He was given a 5-day course of oseltamivir. Two days after completing the course, he resumed basketball and developed rhabdomyolysis associated with acute renal failure and disseminated intravascular coagulation. ...
Clapp Emma L - - 2011
There is growing evidence that exercise may be beneficial in limiting or reversing problems related to chronic kidney disease (CKD); but exercise therapy has had limited success in increasing lean body mass, implying that metabolic abnormalities in muscle during CKD may limit the anabolic effectiveness of exercise. This short review ...
Cooney Jennifer K - - 2011
This paper aims to highlight the importance of exercise in patients with rheumatoid arthritis (RA) and to demonstrate the multitude of beneficial effects that properly designed exercise training has in this population. RA is a chronic, systemic, autoimmune disease characterised by decrements to joint health including joint pain and inflammation, ...
Vorrink Sigrid N W - - 2011
Persons with chronic obstructive pulmonary disease (COPD), performing some level of regular physical activity, have a lower risk of both COPD-related hospital admissions and mortality. COPD patients of all stages seem to benefit from exercise training programs, thereby improving with respect to both exercise tolerance and symptoms of dyspnea and ...
Ramírez-Vélez Robinson - - 2011
Many studies have suggested a relationship between metabolic abnormalities and impaired fetal growth with the development of non-transmissible chronic diseases in the adulthood. Moreover, it has been proposed that maternal factors such as endothelial function and oxidative stress are key mechanisms of both fetal metabolic alterations and subsequent development of ...
Costa Dirceu - - 2011
Upper limb exercises are frequently used in respiratory physiotherapy, with UL elevation and controlled inspiratory timing. However, the use of expiration during upper limb elevation appears to be a strategy that could minimize the action of accessory muscles in patients with chronic obstructive pulmonary disease. In this context, little is ...
Ikizler T Alp - - 2011
Muscle wasting and accompanying structural derangements leading to abnormalities in muscle function, exercise performance, and physical activity are common in patients with end-stage renal disease. Therefore, several studies have been performed examining the effects of exercise in this particular patient population. Most of the studies have assessed the effects of ...
Beretta S - - 2011
A 13-year-old elite swimmer presented with wheezing after indoor swimming training. On the basis of her clinical history and the tests performed, exercise-induced asthma and mold-induced asthma were ruled out and a diagnosis of chlorine-induced asthma was made.
Wilkerson Daryl Paul - - 2010
There are reports of abnormal pulmonary oxygen uptake (VO(2)) and deoxygenated hemoglobin ([HHb]) kinetics in individuals with Type 2 diabetes (T2D) below 50 years of age with disease durations of <5 years. We examined the O2 and muscle [HHb] kinetics in 12 older T2D patients with extended disease durations (age: ...
Ploeger Hilde E - - 2010
OBJECTIVE: To examine exercise capacity in youth with Crohn's disease (CD) and ulcerative colitis (UC). STUDY DESIGN: Eleven males and eight females with CD and six males and four females with UC participated. Patients performed standard exercise tests to assess peak power (PP) and mean power (MP) and peak aerobic ...
Muirhead Norman - - 2010
The risks/benefits of anemia treatment in dialysis patients have been redefined in the US Epoetin α label. This analysis was carried out to determine if increasing hemoglobin (Hb) levels improve exercise tolerance and physical function in anemic dialysis patients. This is a new analysis of the Canadian Erythropoietin Study Group ...
Garvey Christine - - 2010
Pulmonary rehabilitation (PR) is an important component of chronic obstructive pulmonary disease (COPD) management. Physician use of PR for patients with COPD lags behind national and international guideline recommendations. In this article, we discuss the important components of PR, including exercise training, self-management education, and psychosocial and nutritional interventions, as ...
Parsons Jonathan P - - 2010
Exercise-induced bronchospasm (EIB) is a common occurrence in individuals with asthma, though it can also affect individuals without asthma. It occurs frequently in athletes. Common symptoms include coughing, dyspnea, chest tightness, and wheezing; however, there can be a variety of more subtle symptoms. The differential diagnosis of EIB is broad ...
Jones Lee W - - 2010
The benefits of exercise in patients with chronic disease have been studied extensively over the last half century. In contrast, investigation of the role of exercise following a diagnosis of cancer has received comparably less attention. In this article, we review the efficacy of exercise training in specific areas across ...
Rocha Elizabeth Rocha E - - 2010
INTRODUCTION: Chronic kidney disease consists in the slow, progressive and irreversible loss in renal function and it is considered a social and economic problem worldwide, since it is linked to numerous diseases, as well as to higher public health spending. It is known that dialysis patients undergo a long period ...
Hartman Jorine E - - 2010
The many health benefits of regular physical activity underline the importance of this topic, especially in this period of time when the prevalence of a sedentary lifestyle in the population is increasing. Physical activity levels are especially low in patients with chronic obstructive pulmonary disease (COPD). Regular physical activity and ...
Brown David W - - 2010
The aims of this study were to determine the incidence and risk factors of sudden unexpected death (SUD) after balloon aortic valvuloplasty (BAVP) for congenital aortic stenosis (AS) and to assess the effect of exercise restriction. Exercise restriction is recommended for some patients with congenital AS because of a perceived ...
Røksund Ola Drange - - 2010
The goal was to study the incidence and long-term consequences of left vocal cord paralysis (LVCP) after neonatal surgical treatment of patent ductus arteriosus (PDA) in a population-based cohort of adults who were born at gestational ages of ≤28 weeks or with birth weights of ≤1000 g in western Norway. ...
van Helvoort Hanneke A - - 2011
To compare conventional exercise-based assessment of pulmonary rehabilitation (PR) with improvement in training exercises employed during a PR program, and to describe the cardiopulmonary response of different training exercises during PR of patients with chronic obstructive pulmonary disease (COPD). Observational study. Inpatient PR. Patients with moderate to very severe COPD ...
Lyle C H - - 2011
Reasons for performing study: To improve the understanding of exercise related sudden death in Thoroughbred racehorses. Objectives: To describe the post mortem findings in cases of sudden death associated with exercise in 268 Thoroughbred racehorses. Methods: Gross and histological post mortem findings of 268 cases of sudden death were collated ...
Pitsios C - - 2010
The aim of this study is to evaluate the usefulness of Free Running Asthma Screening Test (FRAST) as a method that may help the diagnosis of exercise-induced bronchospasm (EIB) in children from a rural area and to compare the results with their history of asthma. A FRAST challenge took place ...
Potter Michelle C - - 2010
Exercise benefits both general health and brain function in rodents and humans. However, it is less clear whether physical activity prevents or ameliorates neurodegenerative diseases. The aim of the present study was to determine whether voluntary wheel running can delay the onset or reduce the severity of Huntington's disease (HD) ...
Quinlivan Rosaline - - 2010
McArdle disease (Glycogen Storage Disease type V) is caused by an absence of muscle phosphorylase leading to exercise intolerance, myoglobinuria rhabdomyolysis and acute renal failure. To review systematically the evidence from randomized controlled trials of pharmacological or nutritional treatments for improving exercise performance and quality of life in McArdle disease. ...
Nunn Alistair V AV Metabolic and Molecular Imaging Group, MRC Clinical Sciences Centre, Hammersmith Hospital, Imperial College London, Du Cane Road, London W12 OHS, UK. - - 2010
Most of the human population in the western world has access to unlimited calories and leads an increasingly sedentary lifestyle. The propensity to undertake voluntary exercise or indulge in spontaneous physical exercise, which might be termed "exercise salience", is drawing increased scientific attention. Despite its genetic aspects, this complex behaviour ...
Unverdorben Martin - - 2009
Smoking cigarettes induces rapidly occurring and reversible functional changes in the cardiovascular system, which precede morphologic changes. These functional changes are also related to atherosclerotic disease development and thus may qualify as prognostic parameters in chronic smokers. As opposed to smoking-induced morphologic changes functional alterations occur and revert within minutes, ...
Pérez Carlos Ayán - - 2009
Physical exercise may be potentially beneficial for recovering physical condition and improving quality of life in populations suffering from chronic conditions, but little is known about its effects on patients suffering from Crohn's disease. To provide reasonable and conservative recommendations for exercise regimens that appear clinically safe and feasible in ...
Kwon S S College of Pharmacy, University of Florida, Gainesville, FL, USA. - - 2009
Performance measures provide important information, but the meaning of change in these measures is not well known. The purpose of this research is to 1) examine the effect of treatment assignment on the relationship between self-report and performance; 2) to estimate the magnitude of meaningful change in 400-meter walk time ...
Carver Terrence W - - 2009
Exercise-induced asthma/exercise-induced bronchospasm (EIA/EIB) is a prevalent and clinically important disease affecting young children through older adulthood. These terms are often used interchangeably and the differences are not clearly defined in the literature. The pathogenesis of EIA/EIB may be different in those with persistent asthma compared to those with exercise-induced ...
Pearce J M S - - 2009
In 1949, Victor and Adams observed an alcoholic patient who developed quadriplegia and pseudobulbar palsy, and inability to chew, talk or swallow. A post-mortem confirmed their suspicion of 'a large, symmetrical, essentially demyelinative lesion occupying the greater part of the basis pontis.' This paper follows the historical evolution of central ...
Roebroeks Wil - - 2008
The Middle to Upper Paleolithic transition is a key period of change in the prehistory of the Old World and one of the most studied issues in paleoanthropology, as the nature of the transition(s) is still, after at least a century of archaeological research, largely unknown. Many of the issues ...
1 2 3 4 5 6 7 8 9 10 >