Search Results
Results 401 - 450 of 849
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Dziedzic Krysia - - 2005
OBJECTIVE: To determine whether manual therapy or pulsed shortwave diathermy, in addition to advice and exercise, provide better clinical outcome at 6 months than advice and exercise alone in primary care patients with nonspecific neck disorders. METHODS: This was a multicenter, 3-arm randomized controlled trial in 15 physical therapy departments. ...
Shamley Delva R - - 2005
BACKGROUND: Seroma formation, wound healing and fluid drainage are a concern for both surgeons and patients. Excessive fluid production can result in seroma formation, and inadequate drainage of seromas is known to cause infection, pain, discomfort and longer periods of hospitalisation. Postoperative exercises given to maintain movement of the arm ...
Dolu Nazan - - 2005
Recent electrophysiological studies on autonomic dysfunction in vitiligo patients show an autonomic dysfunction as measured by absent sympathetic skin response (SSR). Nothing is known about the reversibility of these autonomic parameters with treatment. The present study examined how Electrodermal Activity (EDA) parameters were affected from vitiligo illness before PUVA therapy ...
Gladman D D - - 2005
Outcome Measures in Rheumatology (OMERACT) conferences have developed a process by which outcome measures to be included in clinical trials are identified by consensus. During OMERACT 7, held in Asilomar, CA, USA, in May 2004, a workshop on outcome measures in psoriatic arthritis was held. Information derived through a previous ...
Bradshaw Tim - - 2005
AIM: This paper reports a systematic review of the published and grey literature which has investigated the efficacy of healthy living interventions for adults with a diagnosis of schizophrenia or schizo-affective disorder. BACKGROUND: Adults with a diagnosis of schizophrenia or schizo-affective disorder have reduced life expectancy when compared with members ...
Joyce Michelle B - - 2005
Congenital muscular torticollis (CMT) is the most common form of torticollis in children, significantly outnumbering orthopedic, neurologic, and ocular causes. CMT may present as a palpable sternomastoid tumor (SMT) or a simple tightness of the sternocleidomastoid muscle (SCM), designated as idiopathic muscular torticollis (IMT). Muscular torticollis has been associated with ...
Mazières B - - 2005
OBJECTIVE: To evaluate the level of acceptability of the EULAR recommendations for the management of knee osteoarthritis (KOA) in practice. METHODS: A questionnaire was sent to general practitioners, rheumatologists, rehabilitators, and orthopaedic surgeons in five European countries (France, Spain, Belgium, Switzerland, Italy). Practitioners were asked to give their opinion on ...
van Os Anton G - - 2005
STUDY DESIGN: Systematic literature review. OBJECTIVE: To compare the effectiveness of conventional treatment complemented by supervised rehabilitation training (supervised exercises) with conventional treatment alone for the rehabilitation of acute lateral ankle sprains. BACKGROUND: Conventional treatment is advocated as a preferable treatment strategy. Whether supervised exercises should complement conventional treatment is ...
Dodd M E - - 2005
For many years physiotherapy for cystic fibrosis (CF) was synonymous with a daily routine of postural drainage and percussion. Improved longevity and a desire for independence, together with a clearer understanding of the pathophysiology of the disease, has led to the development of many airway clearance techniques. The contribution of ...
Geraets Jacques J X R - - 2005
An operant behavioural and time-contingent graded exercise therapy program was developed to improve functional ability irrespective of pain experience in patients with chronic shoulder complaints. The clinical effectiveness of graded exercise therapy compared to usual care was evaluated in a randomised clinical trial. Assessments were carried out before and after ...
von Hahn Thomas - - 2005
INTRODUCTION: Autoimmune enteropathy (AIE) is a rare cause of intractable diarrhea in infancy. A variant with onset in adulthood has recently been described. The immune mechanisms underlying AIE are unclear and the experience in the management of adult AIE is very limited. CASE REPORT: A 19-year-old male patient with massive ...
Kunishige M - - 2005
We report a 50-year-old Japanese woman with dermatomyositis in whom an anti-mitochondrial antibody was detected. Muscle biopsy demonstrated periodic acid Schiff- (PAS) positive vacuoles in addition to infiltrates of mononuclear cells. Histochemical analysis showed reduced phosphorylase activity. An aerobic exercise test demonstrated that the concentrations of serum lactate and pyruvate ...
Willigendael E M - - 2005
BACKGROUND: Exercise therapy (ET) is the main conservative and proven effective treatment of patients with intermittent claudication. Currently, the most frequent exercise prescription is a single 'go home and walk' advise, without supervision or follow-up. There is no evidence to support the efficacy of this advise and compliance is known ...
Rimes K A - - 2005
AIMS: To review studies evaluating the treatment of chronic fatigue and chronic fatigue syndrome, to describe predictors of response to treatment and to discuss the role of the occupational health physician. METHODS: A literature search was carried out using Medline and PsychInfo. RESULTS: Studies evaluating cognitive behaviour therapy, graded exercise ...
Yun Anthony J - - 2005
Reversing chronic conditions remains an elusive goal of medicine. The modern medical paradigm based on blocking overactive pathways or augmenting deficient pathways offers symptomatic benefit, but tolerance to therapy can develop and treatment cessation can produce rebound symptoms due to compensatory mechanisms. We propose a paradoxical strategy for treating chronic ...
Smidt Nynke - - 2005
The purpose of this project was to summarise the available evidence on the effectiveness of exercise therapy for patients with disorders of the musculoskeletal, nervous, respiratory, and cardiovascular systems. Systematic reviews were identified by means of a comprehensive search strategy in 11 bibliographic databases (08/2002), in combination with reference tracking. ...
Mallory G B - - 2005
The most serious complications of cystic fibrosis (CF) relate to respiratory insufficiency. Oxygen supplementation therapy has been a standard of care for individuals with chronic lung diseases associated with hypoxemia for decades. It is common for physicians to prescribe oxygen therapy for people with CF when hypoxemia occurs. However, it ...
Ussher M - - 2005
Taking regular exercise may help people give up smoking by moderating nicotine withdrawal and cravings. To determine whether exercise-based interventions alone or combined with a smoking cessation programme are more effective than a smoking cessation intervention alone. We searched the Cochrane Tobacco Addiction Group specialized register for studies including the ...
Rietberg M B - - 2005
No intervention has proven effective in modifying long-term disease prognosis in Multiple Sclerosis (MS) but exercise therapy is considered to be an important part of symptomatic and supportive treatment for these patients. To assess the effectiveness of exercise therapy for patients with MS in terms of activities of daily living ...
Conlin Anne - - 2005
A whiplash-associated disorder (WAD) is an injury due to an acceleration-deceleration mechanism at the neck. WAD represents a very common and costly condition, both economically and socially. In 1995, the Quebec Task Force published a report that contained evidence-based recommendations regarding the treatment of WAD based on studies completed before ...
McMurran Mary - - 2005
The advantages of manualized psychological treatments include: the promotion of evidence-based practice, the enhancement of treatment integrity, the facilitation of staff training, and the potential replicability of treatment. The manualization of a multi-component, multidisciplinary treatment programme for male personality-disordered offenders is described. The background to this development is explained and ...
Lara Ma Asunción - - 2004
Yalom (1995) has stated that psycho-educational interventions could be made more effective by incorporating a focus on the interpersonal process. A qualitative analysis is proposed to investigate the degree of fidelity with which a psycho-educational intervention for women with depressive symptoms was delivered and to identify Yalom's significant therapeutic mechanisms ...
Stevinson Clare - - 2004
OBJECTIVE: To systematically review controlled trials investigating the effects of exercise interventions in cancer patients. METHODS: Studies were located through searching seven electronic databases (Medline, Embase, Cochrane Library, CancerLit, PsycInfo, Cinahl, SportDiscus), scanning reference lists of relevant articles, contacting experts (n = 20), and checking the contents lists of journals ...
Kujala Urho M - - 2004
Final evidence for the overall benefits of exercise therapy in the treatment/rehabilitation of specific chronic disease comes from randomized controlled trials (RCTs). This paper summarizes current evidence that is based on a systematic review including data from at least three RCTs with contrast for exercise only. The quality of specific ...
Van Peppen R P S - - 2004
OBJECTIVE: To determine the evidence for physical therapy interventions aimed at improving functional outcome after stroke. METHODS: MEDLINE, CINAHL, Cochrane Central Register of Controlled Trials, Cochrane Database of Systematic Reviews, DARE, PEDro, EMBASE and DocOnline were searched for controlled studies. Physical therapy was divided into 10 intervention categories, which were ...
Huffman Mark D - - 2004
The past decade has realized remarkable advances in the treatment of pulmonary arterial hypertension (PAH), a progressive and potentially fatal disease. A small proportion of patients will have a dramatic hemodynamic response to acute vasodilator testing performed at the time of right heart catheterization and may be candidates for calcium ...
Stevinson C - - 2004
OBJECTIVE: To explore whether searching specialised bibliographic databases identified additional relevant papers to those located by a Medline search for a systematic review of exercise therapy. METHOD: Searches were performed in Medline, two further generalised medical databases (Embase, Cochrane Library) and four specialised databases (CancerLit, Cinahl, PsychInfo, SportDiscus) to identify ...
Bayar B - - 2004
The purpose of this study was to investigate the effects of a 4 week physiotherapy programme on patients who were given a spinal orthosis for neuromuscular scoliosis. This study was planned as a single group pre- and post-intervention repeated measures design. All patients were given a polyethylene spinal orthosis with ...
Siders Craig - - 2004
Wandering is among the most frequent, problematic, and dangerous comorbid behaviors in dementia or head injury. To summarize the emerging literature on nonpharmacological interventions used to control negative consequences of wandering, a systematic review of the literature was performed. The review included searching multiple electronic databases and hand searches of ...
Hoeksma Hugo L - - 2004
OBJECTIVE: To determine the effectiveness of a manual therapy program compared with an exercise therapy program in patients with osteoarthritis (OA) of the hip. METHODS: A single-blind, randomized clinical trial of 109 hip OA patients was carried out in the outpatient clinic for physical therapy of a large hospital. The ...
Kwakkel Gert - - 2004
BACKGROUND AND PURPOSE: To present a systematic review of studies that addresses the effects of intensity of augmented exercise therapy time (AETT) on activities of daily living (ADL), walking, and dexterity in patients with stroke. SUMMARY OF REVIEW: A database of articles published from 1966 to November 2003 was compiled ...
Khan Fary - - 2004
BACKGROUND: Poststroke depression (PSD) is common and often unrecognised. The diagnosis can be difficult due to deficits of stroke such as impaired self reporting and cognition, poor insight and dysphasia. Untreated PSD can interfere with recovery and adversely affect functional and social outcomes. OBJECTIVE: This article outlines the diagnosis, pathophysiology ...
Wieling Wouter - - 2004
Reflex syncope is a common medical problem. Vasovagal reflex syncope is the most frequent form. Although the prognosis of the disorder is excellent, it may impose substantial changes in life style and cause profound psychological distress. Thus, management of this disorder is an important issue. This chapter, based on a ...
- - 2004
BACKGROUND AND PURPOSE: The purpose of this project was to create guidelines for the use of therapeutic exercises and manual therapy in the management of adult patients (>18 years of age) with a diagnosis of rheumatoid arthritis according to the 1987 American Rheumatism Association criteria. METHODS: Evidence from comparative controlled ...
Pyne Scott W - - 2004
A comprehensive review of shoulder impingement reveals numerous causes, contributing factors, and therapeutic options for the resolution of symptoms and return to optimal shoulder function. The clinical diagnosis of shoulder impingement is rather straightforward, but the challenge arises in identifying causative factors and directing treatment options to alleviate symptoms and ...
Roddy E - - 2005
OBJECTIVES: Exercise is an effective and commonly prescribed intervention for lower limb osteoarthritis (OA). Many unanswered questions remain, however, concerning the practical delivery of exercise therapy. We have produced evidence-based recommendations to guide health-care practitioners. METHODS: A multidisciplinary guideline development group was formed from representatives of professional bodies to which ...
Cleland Joshua - - 2004
STUDY DESIGN: Single-case A1-B-A2 design. OBJECTIVE: To determine if manual physical therapy, therapeutic exercise, and patient education would be an effective management strategy for a patient with a disc displacement without reduction of both temporomandibular joints. BACKGROUND: A number of conservative management strategies have been proposed for the treatment of ...
Alghamdi Mohammad A Alkhazim - - 2004
Osteoarthritis (OA) is a chronic prevalent condition that affects the synovial joints and can lead to disability. There is no single treatment that is known to cure OA. Most treatments have aimed at reducing symptoms or slowing the progression of the disease and its consequences. Exercise therapy is a common ...
Auré K - - 2004
The authors report 7 years of follow-up evaluation of a patient with coenzyme Q10 (CoQ10) deficiency. Initial symptoms of exercise intolerance and hyperlactatemia improved markedly with substitutive treatment. However, CoQ(10) supplementation did not prevent the onset of a cerebellar syndrome. A switch to idebenone treatment resulted in clinical and metabolic ...
Moore Michele K - - 2004
OBJECTIVE: To discuss the management of upper crossed syndrome and cervicogenic headache with chiropractic care, myofascial release, and exercise. CLINICAL FEATURES: A 56-year-old male writer had been having constant 1-sided headaches radiating into the right eye twice weekly for the past 5 years. Tenderness to palpation was elicited from the ...
Paci Matteo - - 2004
OBJECTIVE: This case report describes a specific, literature-based physiotherapy treatment and the outcome for a stroke patient with pusher behaviour. Pusher behaviour is characterized by pushing strongly towards the hemiplegic side in all positions and resisting any attempt at passive correction of posture to bring the weight towards or over ...
Aiello Erin J - - 2004
OBJECTIVE: To evaluate the effect of moderate-intensity exercise on the occurrence and severity of menopause symptoms. DESIGN: A yearlong, randomized, clinical trial, conducted in Seattle, WA, with 173 overweight, postmenopausal women not taking hormone therapy in the previous 6 months. The intervention was a moderate-intensity exercise intervention (n = 87) ...
Daley Amanda J - - 2004
Recovering from cancer treatment can be a difficult experience, both physically and psychologically. This paper describes a randomized controlled trial that evaluates the effects of exercise therapy upon quality of life in 120 women who have had breast cancer. To facilitate behaviour change, exercise counselling is also included as an ...
Moseley A L - - 2004
A significant proportion of those who survive lower torso cancer treatments will go on to develop clinically discernible bilateral or unilateral leg lymphedema. Although beneficial treatments exist for this condition, many are expensive and involve visits to outpatient clinics or allied health professionals--making the patient dependent upon others for treatment ...
Kettunen Jyrki A - - 2004
Exercise therapy would appear to be effective at increasing aerobic capacity and muscle strength in patients with rheumatoid arthritis (RA), and no detrimental effects on disease activity or pain compared with controls has been observed. Exercise therapy--at least in the short-term, improves pain, muscular strength and function in elderly people ...
Lavie Carl J - - 2004
Hyperlipidemia is a major modifiable risk factor for the primary and secondary prevention of cardiovascular diseases in the elderly population. Although statin therapy remains the mainstay of treatment for hyperlipidemia in the elderly, other therapies, including exercise training, plant stanols and sterols, soluble fiber, and drug combinations (especially ezetimibe, niacin, ...
Chang Hye-Sook - - 2004
Patients with intractable constipation often complain of social, physical, and psychologic stress. Recently, biofeedback therapy has been widely used for the management of intractable constipation, particularly in cases of constipation associated with pelvic floor dyssynergia. However, some constipated patients often complain of absent or diminished sense of wanting to defecate. ...
Wessel Jean - - 2004
A systematic review was conducted to evaluate the efficacy of hand exercises for persons with rheumatoid arthritis. The databases Medline, Cumulative Index to Nursing and Allied Health Literature (CINAHL), EMBASE, PEDro, and Cochrane were used to search for articles on exercise and hand and rheumatoid arthritis (and their synonyms). Any ...
Markham Andrea White - - 2004
Although individuals are using Complementary and Alternative Medical (CAM) therapies to help manage their asthma, there is no clear direction in the current guidelines for the use of CAM in asthma. This literature review undertakes to determine the current science regarding the use of CAM in asthma management. Electronic literature ...
Nyland John - - 2004
Traditional therapeutic modalities include cryotherapy, sonotherapy, pulsed electrical stimulation, transcutaneous electrical nerve stimulation, high-volt pulsed current, and iotopheresis. Alternative modalities include acupuncture, magnetic field therapy, biofeedback,and massage. All therapeutic modalities should be considered adjuncts to progressive functional exercise. Controlled studies rarely reach consensus regarding the efficacy of therapeutic modalities,so their ...
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