Search Results
Results 351 - 400 of 851
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Agius Mark - - 2006
The identification of early warning signs and the development of a relapse prevention plan is an important part of the treatment of serious mental illness, be it Schizophrenia or bipolar affective disorder. The use of a card sort exercise is an effective way of developing an accurate description of the ...
Jones Lee W - - 2006
BACKGROUND: Exercise may represent a supportive intervention that may complement existing neurooncologic therapies and address a multitude of therapy-induced debilitating side effects in patients with brain tumors. Given the limited evidence, the authors conducted a survey to examine the exercise patterns of brain tumor patients across the cancer trajectory. METHODS: ...
Valenzuela Michael J - - 2006
BACKGROUND: A previous companion paper to this report (Valenzuela and Sachdev, Psychological Medicine 2006, 36, 441-454) suggests a link between behavioural brain reserve and incident dementia; however, the issues of covariate control and ascertainment bias were not directly addressed. Our aim was to quantitatively review an independent set of longitudinal ...
Chen Yan - - 2006
Using a recently developed autochthonous mouse model of squamous cell carcinoma (SCC), a combination therapy targeting polyamine metabolism was evaluated. The therapy combined 2-difluoromethylornithine (DFMO), an inhibitor of ornithine decarboxylase (ODC), and MQT 1426, a polyamine transport inhibitor. In 1 trial lasting 4 weeks, combination therapy with 0.5% DFMO (orally, ...
Logemann Jeri A - - 2006
Randomized clinical trials (RCTs) are often known as the gold standard in treatment efficacy studies. This article defines the characteristics of RCTs and the factors that investigators must consider in designing clinical trials in dysphagia. Design issues unique to behavioral treatments often used in dysphagia are discussed. Ongoing RCTs in ...
Shrier I - - 2006
Osteoarthritis (OA) is the most frequent joint disorder in seniors. Systematic reviews suggest that conservative treatment is effective and preferred in mild-moderate cases. The objective of this study was to examine the proportion of patients receiving physiotherapy, exercise or walking aids, and to explore factors associated with their prescription. We ...
Faber Elske - - 2006
The goal of this systematic review is to evaluate the effectiveness of different treatments for impingement syndrome and rotator cuff tear on the improvement in functional limitations and concomitant duration of sick leave. A systematic search for clinical trials or controlled studies was conducted with the following text words: should*, ...
Hurst Caroline M F - - 2006
SS, an 8-year-old boy with dyspraxia, presented for behavioural optometry assessment. He had been diagnosed with a subtle form of dyspraxia by his paediatric occupational therapist, based on poor proprioception, delayed bilateral integration and poor visual perception. A full visual assessment was carried out. SS was given a programme of ...
Xiaoxiang Zeng Z Department of Rehabilitation Physiotherapy, Third Hospital Affiliated to the Medical College of Jinan University, Zhuhai 519000, Guangdong, - - 2006
In order to observe the therapeutic effects of jinger moxibustion for cervical vertigo, 78 cases were randomly divided into 2 groups, of whom 40 were treated with jinger moxibustion and 38 treated with acupuncture. The results showed a cure rate of 72.5% with a total effective rate of 97.5% in ...
Mustian Karen M - - 2006
GOALS: Despite advances in cancer treatment and symptom management, many patients experience side effects from cancer treatments that cause suffering and impair quality of life (QOL). Exercise is a method for enhancing QOL among cancer patients that shows promise in reducing side effects. However, patient participation in exercise is not ...
Roddy Edward - - 2006
Life-style modification, particularly exercise and weight reduction, is a core component of the management of osteoarthritis. In this chapter, the evidence for the efficacy of exercise, weight reduction and footwear is reviewed. Caveats to the evidence and the areas where further research is needed are highlighted. Long-term adherence to exercise ...
Kurtais Yesim - - 2006
Fibromyalgia syndrome is a nonarticular rheumatic disorder characterised by diffuse musculoskeletal pain, stiffness, fatigue, disturbed sleep and tender points. The pathophysiology is not well understood and treatment remains a challenge. Although pharmacological therapy is still the primary treatment choice, a long-term effective intervention has not been demonstrated yet. Thus, besides ...
van Linschoten Robbart - - 2006
BACKGROUND: Patellofemoral complaints are frequently seen in younger and active patients. Clinical strategy is usually based on decreasing provoking activities as sports and demanding knee activities during work and leisure and reassuring the patient on the presumed good outcome. Exercise therapy is also often prescribed although evidence on effectiveness is ...
van der Wees Philip J - - 2006
This study critically reviews the effectiveness of exercise therapy and manual mobilisation in acute ankle sprains and functional instability by conducting a systematic review of randomised controlled trials. Trials were searched electronically and manually from 1966 to March 2005. Randomised controlled trials that evaluated exercise therapy or manual mobilisation of ...
Toni Sonia - - 2006
BACKGROUND: Exercise is integral to the life of T1DM subjects. Several factors influence the metabolic response to exercise in these patients. Despite physical and psychological benefits of exercise, its hypo- and hyperglycemic effects may cause discouragement from participation in sports and games. AIM: To use existing evidence from literature to ...
Lubenow Norbert - - 2006
INTRODUCTION: Randomized controlled trials evaluating treatment of acute, transient, but uncommon diseases are difficult to perform. The prothrombotic adverse drug reaction, heparin-induced thrombocytopenia (HIT), is such an example. During the mid-1980s, the defibrinogenating snake venom, ancrod (+/-warfarin, Canada), or coumarin (warfarin, Canada; phenprocoumon, Germany) alone, were often used to treat ...
Kesting Marco Rainer - - 2006
In order to assess an objective measure for the outcome of ear acupuncture, we evaluated the effect of electrical ear acupuncture on areas of histamine-induced alloknesis in 32 healthy volunteers. In a first assessment 5 min after histamine application on both volar forearms, 16 subjects received right ear and 16 ...
Payne Eric T - - 2006
Corticosteroid therapy for Duchenne muscular dystrophy is effective but associated with long-term side effects. To determine the potential therapeutic benefit from four nutritional compounds (creatine monohydrate, conjugated linoleic acid, alpha-lipoic acid, and beta-hydroxy-beta-methylbutyrate) alone, in combination, and with corticosteroids (prednisolone), we evaluated the effects on several variables in exercising mdx ...
Issack Paul S - - 2006
Posttraumatic elbow stiffness can impose severe functional limitations on the performance of activities of daily living. Prevention is key to avoiding a motion-limiting condition. Fractures should be anatomically reduced and stabilized with active and active-assisted range of motion exercises instituted as early as possible to minimize the development of stiffness. ...
Beurskens Carien H G - - 2006
QUESTION: What is the effect of mime therapy on facial symmetry and severity of paresis in people with facial nerve paresis? DESIGN: Randomised controlled trial. PARTICIPANTS: 50 people recruited from the Outpatient department of two metropolitan hospitals with facial nerve paresis for more than nine months. INTERVENTION: The experimental group ...
Verhagen A P - - 2006
Conservative interventions such as physiotherapy and ergonomic adjustments (such as keyboard adjustments or ergonomic advice) play a major role in the treatment of most work-related complaints of the arm, neck or shoulder (CANS). This systematic review aims to determine whether conservative interventions have a significant impact on outcomes for work-related ...
Markes M - - 2006
A huge clinical research database on adjuvant cancer treatment has verified improvements in breast cancer outcomes such as recurrence and mortality rates. On the other hand, adjuvant therapy with agents such as hormone therapy, chemotherapy and radiotherapy impacts on quality of life due to substantial short- and long-term side effects. ...
Trenell Michael I MI Department of Neurogenetics, Kolling Institute for Medical Research , Sydney, - - 2006
The low oxidative demand and muscular adaptations accompanying eccentric exercise hold benefits for both healthy and clinical populations. Compression garments have been suggested to reduce muscle damage and maintain muscle function. This study investigated whether compression garments could benefit metabolic recovery from eccentric exercise. Following 30-min of downhill walking participants ...
Popović Dejan B DB Dept. for Health Sci. & Technol., Aalborg Univ, DK. - - 2006
This paper suggests that the optimal method for promoting of the recovery of upper extremity function in hemiplegic individuals is the use of hybrid assistive systems (HAS). The suggested HAS is a combination of stimulation of paralyzed distal segments (hand) in synchrony with robot controlled movements of proximal segments (upper ...
Lenssinck Marie-Louise B - - 2005
BACKGROUND AND PURPOSE: Many conservative treatments are available for adolescents with idiopathic scoliosis, but the evidence for their accepted use is still unclear. The purpose of this study was to evaluate the effectiveness of braces and other conservative treatments of idiopathic scoliosis in adolescents by systematically reviewing the literature. METHODS: ...
Schalow G - - 2005
Low-intensity coordination dynamics therapy, including crawling, treadmill walking, jumping on spring-board and exercising on a special coordination dynamics therapy device, was applied for 3 months (4 hours therapy per week) to 8 cerebral palsy patients (average age 15 years, range 7-27). All patients improved. The organization of the CNS, quantified ...
Jabusch Hans-Christian - - 2005
We present the long-term outcome of 144 musicians with focal dystonia after treatment with botulinum toxin (n = 71), trihexiphenidyl (n = 69), pedagogical retraining (n = 24), ergonomic changes (n = 51), or nonspecific exercises on the instrument (n = 78). Outcome was assessed by patients' subjective rating of ...
Michelotti A - - 2005
There is a consensus on treatment strategies for temporomandibular disorders (TMDs) being reversible. Among reversible therapies, physiotherapy is often chosen for the treatment of TMD pain and dysfunction because it is simple and non-invasive, it has a low cost as compared with other treatments, it allows an easy self-management approach, ...
Taylor Nicholas F - - 2005
Progressive resistance exercise (PRE) is a method of increasing the ability of muscles to generate force. However, the effectiveness and safety of PRE for clients of physical therapists are not well known. The purpose of this article is to review the evidence on positive and negative effects of PRE as ...
Drinda S - - 2005
Prostanoids are used in the treatment of Raynaud's phenomenon and acral perfusion disorders secondary to collagenosis. In subjective terms, intravenous administration of these agents produces success in more than 50% of patients. The therapeutic outcome of clinical administration of alprostadil or iloprost may vary from individual to individual. The following ...
Petersen Kyle - - 2005
We retrospectively reviewed 134 patients to evaluate atazanavir-related bilirubin elevation as an adherence marker. Using a 2 log reduction or undetectable viral load as a marker for suppression, the median bilirubin increase at first follow-up was 1.3 (0.7-2.2), versus 0.2 (-0.05-0.65) for those not suppressed. An increase in bilirubin of ...
Ito Hiromichi - - 2005
An 11-year-old male was admitted to our hospital because of high-grade fever, repetitive seizures, and prolonged impairment of consciousness (Glasgow coma scale E1, M5, V1). His seizures were repetitive complex partial seizures that expanded from the unilateral face to the corresponding side of the body. He sometimes developed secondary generalized ...
Platz T T Department of Neurological Rehabilitation, Campus Benjamin Franklin, Charité-Universitatsmedizin Berlin, Germany. - - 2005
To study the effects of augmented exercise therapy time for arm rehabilitation as either Bobath therapy or the impairment-oriented training (Arm BASIS training) in stroke patients with arm severe paresis. Single blind, multicentre randomized control trial. Three inpatient neurorehabilitation centres. Sixty-two anterior circulation ischaemic stroke patients. Random assignment to three ...
Uslu Celil - - 2006
This study was designated to investigate anti-inflammatory effect of aqueous extract of Ecballium elaterium, which is topically applied for treatment of rhinosinusitis as a traditional folk medicine in Turkey. Therapeutic potential of E. elaterium as an anti-inflammatory agent was examined by measurement of NO* metabolites in a rabbit model of ...
- - 2005
BACKGROUND AND PURPOSE: Osteoarthritis (OA) affects a large and growing proportion of the population. The purpose of this project was to create guidelines for the use of therapeutic exercises and manual therapy in the management of adult patients (>18 years of age) with a diagnosis of OA. All stages of ...
Shephard R J - - 2005
The chronic fatigue syndrome (CFS) is debilitating for both athletes and the general population. A review of etiology and mechanisms underlying functional disturbances is undertaken to provide a valid basis for therapeutic options. The review focuses on CFS as characterized by standard diagnostic criteria, building on previous reviews through use ...
Cardinale M - - 2005
Whole body vibration has been recently proposed as an exercise intervention because of its potential for increasing force generating capacity in the lower limbs. Its recent popularity is due to the combined effects on the neuromuscular and neuroendocrine systems. Preliminary results seem to recommend vibration exercise as a therapeutic approach ...
Naithani Rahul - - 2005
A 10-year-old boy was admitted with complaints of fever, pallor, fatigue and skin bleeds of 10 days duration and diagnosed as very severe aplastic anemia. He was given intensive immunosuppressive therapy but showed no response to therapy. He later evolved into acute myeloid leukemia. The occurrence of AML is reviewed ...
Byrne Karol - - 2006
A small-scale exploratory cross-sectional survey investigated the current use of a range of exercise therapy approaches for low back pain (LBP) by outpatient physiotherapists in the acute hospital setting in the Republic of Ireland, where the majority of publicly funded treatment is delivered. Of the 120 postal questionnaires distributed to ...
Cheema Birinder Singh B - - 2005
BACKGROUND: Exercise is not routinely advocated in patients with end-stage renal disease (ESRD) receiving maintenance hemodialysis (HD), compared to best practice in other chronically diseased cohorts. Lack of widespread awareness of the exercise in HD literature may be contributing to these shortcomings of clinical practice. Therefore, our objectives are: (1) ...
Tarkka Ina M - - 2005
OBJECTIVE: Hemiparesis of the upper limb after stroke can be severely disabling. We studied the effectiveness of constraint-induced movement therapy in improving motor abilities in very chronic stroke subjects. We assessed whether the obtained changes, if any, would endure after the intervention program. DESIGN: Participants were 27 consecutive chronic stroke ...
McDonald Christine F - - 2005
Patients with chronic obstructive pulmonary disease and a stable daytime PaO2 of < or = 55 mmHg (7.3 kPa) live longer and have a better quality of life if provided with long-term continuous oxygen therapy. It is reasonable to offer continuous oxygen therapy also to patients with other lung diseases ...
Burckhardt Carol S - - 2005
PURPOSE: To review and evaluate approaches to educating patients with fibromyalgia syndrome (FMS). METHODS: A narrative literature review was undertaken to summarize the published literature on patient education for FMS patients. RESULTS: A number of studies contain specific education strategies while others are combined with exercise or movement therapies or ...
Adams Nicola - - 2005
PURPOSE: This paper provides an overview of the evidence for the principal approaches taken to the rehabilitation of patients with fibromyalgia (FM): exercise, psychologically-based approaches, multimodal approaches, self-management approaches, and complementary and alternative therapies. METHOD: A review of current published evidence. RESULTS: Owing to factors such as methodological shortcomings of ...
Thomas K S - - 2005
OBJECTIVE: To assess the cost effectiveness of a 2-year home exercise program for the treatment of knee pain. METHODS: A total of 759 adults aged > or = 45 years were randomized to receive exercise therapy, monthly telephone contact, exercise therapy and telephone contact, or no intervention. Efficacy was measured ...
Melikoglu Meltem Alkan - - 2006
We aimed to evaluate the relationship between short-term dynamic exercise therapy and insulin-like growth factor-1 (IGF-1) and insulin-like growth factor binding protein-3 (IGFBP-3) levels in rheumatoid arthritis (RA) patients. Forty RA patients were assigned into dynamic or range of motion (ROM) exercise groups. Also control group carried out the same ...
Knols Ruud - - 2005
PURPOSE: To systematically review the methodologic quality of, and summarize the evidence from trials examining the effectiveness of physical exercise in improving the level of physical functioning and psychological well-being of cancer patients during and after medical treatment. METHODS: Thirty-four randomized clinical trials (RCTs) and controlled clinical trials were identified, ...
van Dixhoorn Jan - - 2005
AIMS: To establish the effects of relaxation therapy on the recovery from a cardiac ischaemic event and secondary prevention. METHODS AND RESULTS: A search was conducted for controlled trials in which patients with myocardial ischaemia were taught relaxation therapy, and outcomes were measured with respect to physiological, psychological, cardiac effects, ...
Kaspar Brian K - - 2005
Amyotrophic lateral sclerosis (ALS) is a neurodegenerative disease of the neuromuscular system resulting in paralysis and ultimately death. Currently, no effective therapy is prescribed for patients; however, several therapeutic strategies are showing promise. Either exercise or treatment with adeno-associated virus/insulin-like growth factor-1 alone has therapeutic benefits in an amyotrophic lateral ...
Karmisholt Katrine - - 2005
BACKGROUND: Drugs are heavily promoted for primary prevention of disease whereas possible benefits of physical activity have received less attention. We have studied whether there is reliable evidence that exercise is effective. METHODS: We searched MEDLINE and The Cochrane Library for systematic reviews of randomised clinical trials published 1998-2004. RESULTS: ...
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